US3685463A - Pallet - Google Patents

Pallet Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3685463A
US3685463A US3685463DA US3685463A US 3685463 A US3685463 A US 3685463A US 3685463D A US3685463D A US 3685463DA US 3685463 A US3685463 A US 3685463A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
pallet
cut
support member
legs
defined
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
William J Francis
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Packaging Specialties Inc
Original Assignee
Packaging Specialties Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Packaging Specialties Inc filed Critical Packaging Specialties Inc
Priority to US10739571A priority Critical
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3685463A publication Critical patent/US3685463A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D19/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D19/0004Rigid pallets without side walls
    • B65D19/0006Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element
    • B65D19/0008Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface
    • B65D19/002Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface the base surface being made of more than one element
    • B65D19/0024Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface the base surface being made of more than one element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces
    • B65D19/0028Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface the base surface being made of more than one element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces and each contact surface having a discrete foot-like shape
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00014Materials for the load supporting surface
    • B65D2519/00019Paper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00049Materials for the base surface
    • B65D2519/00054Paper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00049Materials for the base surface
    • B65D2519/00069Plastic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00049Materials for the base surface
    • B65D2519/00079Combination, e.g. different elements made of different materials, laminates
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00263Overall construction of the pallet
    • B65D2519/00273Overall construction of the pallet made of more than one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00283Overall construction of the load supporting surface
    • B65D2519/00293Overall construction of the load supporting surface made of more than one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00313Overall construction of the base surface
    • B65D2519/00323Overall construction of the base surface made of more than one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00313Overall construction of the base surface
    • B65D2519/00328Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base
    • B65D2519/00338Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base contact surface having a discrete foot-like shape
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00398Overall construction reinforcements
    • B65D2519/00432Non-integral, e.g. inserts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00547Connections
    • B65D2519/00552Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer
    • B65D2519/00557Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer without separate auxiliary elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00547Connections
    • B65D2519/00552Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer
    • B65D2519/00557Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer without separate auxiliary elements
    • B65D2519/00562Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer without separate auxiliary elements chemical connection, e.g. glued, welded, sealed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00547Connections
    • B65D2519/00552Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer
    • B65D2519/00557Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer without separate auxiliary elements
    • B65D2519/00567Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer without separate auxiliary elements mechanical connection, e.g. snap-fitted
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00547Connections
    • B65D2519/00552Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer
    • B65D2519/00572Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer with separate auxiliary element, e.g. screws, nails, bayonets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00736Details
    • B65D2519/0098Dismountable elements
    • B65D2519/00985Dismountable elements the pallet being not usable as a pallet after dismounting

Abstract

A lightweight, inexpensive pallet for supporting a palletized load and which may be readily assembled and disassembled to reduce storage space. The pallet comprises a deck including three interconnected panel members, and a plurality of legs to support the deck above ground level. The lower two panel members include a number of aligned cut-outs for releasably receiving and mounting the legs such that the pallet may be ''''knocked-down'''' and the legs stored or shipped separately.

Description

United States Patent Francis [451 Aug. 22, 1972 PALLET 2,706,099 4/1965 Whalley ...l( )8/53 [72] lnventorz J. MCharlotte, N.C. Primary E her-Bobby R. y [73] Assignee: Packaging. Specialties, Inc., Char- Assistant Examiner-Darrell Marquette lotte, N.C. Attorney-Paxton, Bell, Seltzer, Park & Gibson [22] Filed: Jan. 18, i971 [57] ABSTRACT [2]] Appl' A lightweight, inexpensive pallet for supporting a palf letized load and which may be readily'assembled and [52] US. Cl 4.108156 disassembled to reduce age' p ei'lhe'pallet com- [51] Int. Cl... ..B65d 19/16 prises s including three intsrsonnscted P 58 'Field oiSe'arch ..l08/5l, s3, 56 members, and a plurality of s tel-support the k above ground level. The lower'two panel members inmnms clu'de a number of aligned cut-outs for releasably [56] Re! cued receiving and mounting the legs such" that the pallet UNITED STATES PATENTS may be knocked-down and the legs stored or 2,953,339 9/1960 Roshon ..l08/56 sepamely 3,407,758 10/1968 Simkins ..108/5l recumnmmn PATENTED M1222 1912 3.685463 sum 2 or 2 i 3 Iv INVENTOR: LUAM 3. FRANCLS mm /gmwqw ATTORNEYS PALLET The present invention relates to a lightweight pallet for use in supporting various palletized products during shipment or storage. More particularly, the invention relates to a lightweight, relatively inexpensive pallet, which can be readily assembled and disassembled to thereby facilitate shipment and reuse of the same.

Pallets have long been utilized to provide a convenient platform for storing various manufactured products and for facilitating the transport of the same by a fork lift truck. Typically, pallets have been constructed from heavy oak planking, and are thus expensive to produce, and heavy and cumbersome to handle. In addition, the weight and size of such pallets substantially increase the shipping cost of the products, and they require extensive storage areas, both at the shipping and receiving facility.

Numerous attempts have-been made to alleviate the recognized disadvantages of wood pallets, but none of the proposed new designs have met all of the desired requirements for a satisfactory pallet. For example, palletshave recently been fabricated from foamed polystyrene which is molded directly to a reinforcing cover. While these pallets are relatively light in weight, they are somewhat expensive, and they still require a great deal of storage area..- Another pallet design is shown in the U.S. Pat. to Whalley, No. 2,706,099,

wherein a number of plastic legs having a flanged top are joined to a deck which comprises'a pair of joined corrugated paper sheets. The lower sheet overlies the leg flange to permanently secure the leg to the deck. While this latter type pallet is an obvious improvement over the wood pallet, it'cannot be disassembled, and thus it occupies a great deal of space during shipment and storage.

It is accordingly an object of the present invention to provide a pallet which is lightin weight, relatively inexpensive to manufacture, sufficiently strong to support normal pallet loads, and which may be readily assembled and disassembled to reduce storage space.

Additionally, it is an object of the present invention to provide a pallet which can be shipped in disassembled form to thereby minimize shipping costs, and to facilitate return to the shipper for reassembly and reuse.

These and other objects and advantages of the present invention are achieved in the embodiments illustrated herein by the provision of a pallet which comprises a substantially planar deck for supporting the palletized load, support means including a plurality of legs projecting perpendicularly from the undersurface of the deck for supporting the deck a predetermined distance above ground level, and means for releasably securing the legs to the deck for quick and easy assembly and disassembly. In the illustrated embodiment, the legs are secured to the deck by a structure which includes a flange carried by each leg and a cavity adapted to receive the flange of each leg positioned in the undersurface of the deck.

Some of the objects of the invention having been stated, other objects will appear as the description proceeds, when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which FIG. 1 is a schematic representation of a fork lift truck shown lifting a palletized load and utilizing a pallet of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the undersurface of a pallet of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the pallet shown in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary sectional side view illustrating one leg of the pallet;

FIG. 5 is an underside plan view of the leg shown in FIG. 4; 7

FIG. 6 is a view similar to FIG. 4, butillustrating a second embodiment of the pallet leg;

FIG. 7 is a perspective view illustrating the manner in which the legs of the pallet may be nested to facilitate storage or shipment when disassembled from the deck.

Referring more specifically to the drawings, FIG. 1 illustrates'a conventional fork lift truck 10 transporting and stacking a number of palletized loads 12 for shipment or. storage. Each'load 12 is supported by the pallet of the subject invention which is broadly indicated by the numeral 14.

As seen in FIGS. 2-5, the pallet 14 comprises a substantially planardeck l5 including an upper panel member l6 defining a load bearing surface, an intermediate panel member 17, and a lower panel member 18 defining the undersurface. Preferably, the three panel members are generally rectangular and fabricated from corrugated paper sheeting, but other suitable materials such as fiber board, or Masonite, could be employed. Also, the three members are secured together by any suitable means, such as staples,

or adhesives, to form a unitarydeck 15 as shown in FIG. '2.

In the illustrated embodiment, nine legs 20 are provided for supporting the deck at a specified distance above ground level. Each of the legs 20 comprises a support member 22 having an upper radially extending generally circular transverse flange 24, an integral depending generally cylindrical portion 26, and a lower bottom wall 28' closing the cylindrical portion. A load bearing member 30 is positioned within the support member cylindrical portion and is axially co-extensive therewith, note FIG. 4. The support member 22 may for example be fabricated from a lightweight molded plastic material, such as polyethylene, polypropylene, or styrene. The load bearing member 30 may for example be fabricated from a spirally wound paper tube of conventional construction.

Means are provided for releasably securing the legs to the undersurface of the deck including nine generally oval openings or cut-outs 32 in the intermediate panel 17, and a corresponding number of second generally T-shaped openings or cut-outs 34 in the lower panel member 18. As shown in FIG. 5, each first cut-out 32 is dimensioned for receiving the flange 24 in coplanar relationship while permitting limited transversev movement. In this regard, each cut-out 32 has a width generally confomiing to the diameter of the flange 24, and a length equal to about twice the diameter of the flange. The second cut-out 34 is superposed over the first cut-out and is configured such that portions of the lower panel member 18 overlie the first cutout as shown in FIG. 5. More particularly, the second cut-out 34 includes a first portion 36 shown at the right side in FIG. 5 having a width generally similar to that of the first cut-out 32 and sufficient to laterally receive the flange 34, and a second portion 38 shown at the left A side in FIG. 5 and having a reduced width adapted to closely receive the support member cylindrical portion 26. Again viewing FIG. 5, it will be seen that the right end edge of the first portion 36 defines a flap 40 which overlies the. corresponding end of the firstcut-out 32.

To assemble the leg to the deck, the;load bearing member30 is dropped .into the support member cylindrical portion 26, and then the flange 24 is laterally inserted through the first portion 36 of the cut-out 34 and into the first cut-out 32,. Upon continued translation to support member inadvertently slide toward the right during use, the flap 40will overlie the flange 24 and prevent axial separation. However,should it be desired to remove the leg from the deck, it is merely necessary to lift theleadii'ig edge of the flange 24 over the flap 40, by hand or with a suitable tool, and continue movement toward the right. Thus it will be seen that the cut-outs -32 and 34 define a cavity in the undersurface of the deckwhich is adapted to selectively receive and retain the flange 24 of the leg.

.A second embodiment'of the subject invention is illustrated in FIG 6, and comprises a leg support member 50 having an upper circular transverse flange 52, a depending generally cylindrical portion 54'defining arelatively thick side wall, and a bottom wall 56.

"Ihe support member 50 may be constructed from a plastic of the type utilized in the member 20, but could also be constructed from wood, metal, or other suitable material. Thus by strengthening the side wall of the member 50 in the manner illustrated, the necessity for the load bearing member as shown-in the embodiment of FIGS. 2-5 is eliminated. i

As seen in FIG. 2, the legs of the pallet are'positioned in generally regular rows on' the deck undersurface to define passageways for admitting the forks of a lift truck'therebetween. As illustrated, the legs comprise three rows, each having three legs therein such that the lift truck may enter from any of the four sides. Also,it will be noted that the cut-outs 32' and 34 are disposed A in'differing rotational orientations in relation to each for supporting a light load. For slightly heavier loads,

an additional leg maybe positioned at the center. Thus the total .number of legs utilized may be minimized to further reduce the total cost of the pallet.

From the above description, it will be apparent that the illustrated pallet may be quickly and easily assembled and disassembled to significantly reduce the space occupied by the pallets during shipment and storage.

For example, the manufacturer may ship the pallets to a user with a large number of decks piled in a stack, and the supporting members nested a shown in FIG. 7. The load bearing members 30, if utilized; may be shipped loosely in a separate container, or they may be purchased locally by the user. The user may then asand then simply discarded. I

semble the palletsas needed, and afier use, they may be quickly disassembled or knocked-down without requiring the use of special tools. in the event a palletized load is shipped to a receiventhe receiver may disassemble the pallets fo'r return to and the reuse by the shipper. Alternatively, in view of the low cost of the pallets of this invention-,they may be used one-way" In the drawings and specification, there has been set forth a preferred embodiment-of the invention, and although specific terms are employed, they are used in a generic and descriptivesense only and not for pur-' poses of limitation.

Iclaimz I l. A lightweight pallet for supporting various products in palletized form during shipment orstorage, T and which-may be'readily assembled and disassembled to reduce storage space for the same, comprising a plurality of legs each comprising a support member having an upper transverse flange and a depending portion, 1 an upper panel member,

an intermediate panel member defining a plurality of I 25 A first cut-outs each configured for receiving the upper transverse flange of one'of said legs, a lower panel member defining a plurality of second cut-outs each configured for receiving the upper transverse flange of one'of said legs in one portion thereof and for entrapping said remainder thereof,

means for securing said panel members in stacked relation with said first cut-outs superposed on said second cut-outs and for forming of said panel members a substantially'planar'deck defining an upper loadbearing surface, an undersurface and a plurality of cavities therebetween for receiving in coplanar relationship the upper transverse flanges of said legs, I whereby said flanges 'may be laterally inserted through said one portion of .said second cut-outs.

and intosaid first cut-outs to be releasably entrapped within said cavities of said deck.

2. The palletas defined in claim 1 wherein said support member depending portion is generally cylindrical, and said transverse flange is generally circular and extends radially outwardly therefrom. I

3. The pallet as defined in claim 2 wherein said second cut-out is of generally T-shaped configuration including a first portion of sufficient width to laterally receive said support member flange and a second portion of reduced width adapted to closely receive said support member cylindrical depending portion. I

4. The pallet as defined in claim 3'wherein said first cut-out is generally oval to permit limited translationof the support member flange therein, and said second cut-out first portion defines a flap overlying one end of said oval first cut-out, such that the support member flange will underlie said flap when the support member is translated toward said one end.

5. The pallet as defined in claim 4 wherein said legs are positioned in generally regular rows on said deck undersurface to define passageways for admitting the flange in the surface to define passageways for receiving the forks of alift truck. 1

9. The pallet as defined in claim 7 wherein said upper, intermediate, and.lower,panel members each comprise corrugated paper sheeting, and said load bearing membercomprises a spirally wound paper tube.

10. The pallet as defined in claim 9 wherein said support member is plastic.

Claims (10)

1. A lightweight pallet for supporting various products in palletized form during shipment or storage, and which may be readily assembled and disassembled to reduce storage space for the same, comprising a plurality of legs each comprising a support member having an upper transverse flaNge and a depending portion, an upper panel member, an intermediate panel member defining a plurality of first cutouts each configured for receiving the upper transverse flange of one of said legs, a lower panel member defining a plurality of second cut-outs each configured for receiving the upper transverse flange of one of said legs in one portion thereof and for entrapping said flange in the remainder thereof, means for securing said panel members in stacked relation with said first cut-outs superposed on said second cut-outs and for forming of said panel members a substantially planar deck defining an upper load bearing surface, an undersurface and a plurality of cavities therebetween for receiving in coplanar relationship the upper transverse flanges of said legs, whereby said flanges may be laterally inserted through said one portion of said second cut-outs and into said first cut-outs to be releasably entrapped within said cavities of said deck.
2. The pallet as defined in claim 1 wherein said support member depending portion is generally cylindrical, and said transverse flange is generally circular and extends radially outwardly therefrom.
3. The pallet as defined in claim 2 wherein said second cut-out is of generally T-shaped configuration including a first portion of sufficient width to laterally receive said support member flange and a second portion of reduced width adapted to closely receive said support member cylindrical depending portion.
4. The pallet as defined in claim 3 wherein said first cut-out is generally oval to permit limited translation of the support member flange therein, and said second cut-out first portion defines a flap overlying one end of said oval first cut-out, such that the support member flange will underlie said flap when the support member is translated toward said one end.
5. The pallet as defined in claim 4 wherein said legs are positioned in generally regular rows on said deck undersurface to define passageways for admitting the forks of a lift truck, and at least several of the second cut-outs in the lower panel member are disposed in differing rotational orientations in relation to each other.
6. The pallet as defined in claim 5 wherein each of said support member cylindrical depending portions is tubular and slightly tapered to facilitate nesting of the same when disassembled from said deck.
7. The pallet as defined in claim 6 wherein each of said legs further comprises a cylindrical load bearing member adapted to be coaxially received within said support member cylindrical portion.
8. The pallet as defined in claim 1 wherein said legs are positioned in generally regular rows on said undersurface to define passageways for receiving the forks of a lift truck.
9. The pallet as defined in claim 7 wherein said upper, intermediate, and lower panel members each comprise corrugated paper sheeting, and said load bearing member comprises a spirally wound paper tube.
10. The pallet as defined in claim 9 wherein said support member is plastic.
US3685463D 1971-01-18 1971-01-18 Pallet Expired - Lifetime US3685463A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10739571A true 1971-01-18 1971-01-18

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3685463A true US3685463A (en) 1972-08-22

Family

ID=22316435

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3685463D Expired - Lifetime US3685463A (en) 1971-01-18 1971-01-18 Pallet

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3685463A (en)

Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4267781A (en) * 1979-07-30 1981-05-19 Powers Richard J Pallet and post construction therefor
US4579489A (en) * 1982-11-15 1986-04-01 Palcon Corporation Interlocking, stacking and nesting container system
US4653817A (en) * 1985-12-11 1987-03-31 Merchandising Innovations, Inc. Student desk
US4685401A (en) * 1985-11-25 1987-08-11 Merchandising Innovations Co., Inc. Coffee Table
US4735154A (en) * 1985-12-04 1988-04-05 Allibert S.A. Reinforced loading pallet and process for reinforcing same
US4799433A (en) * 1987-02-06 1989-01-24 Menasha Corporation Large capacity shipping pallet assembly
US5193464A (en) * 1991-04-25 1993-03-16 Plastic Pallet Systems, Inc. Polymer pallet leg for a cardboard pallet base
US5213050A (en) * 1992-06-26 1993-05-25 Damage Prevention Products, Inc. Integrated paper cargo pallet
US5367961A (en) * 1992-10-28 1994-11-29 Arai; Hiroshi Pallet support leg including semi-circular flange blades
WO1994029177A1 (en) * 1993-06-14 1994-12-22 Damage Prevention Products Corp. Composited four-way paper cargo pallet
US5388531A (en) * 1990-12-27 1995-02-14 Stone Container Corporation Shipping platform apparatus
WO1996035620A1 (en) * 1995-05-10 1996-11-14 Jaime Teixidor Casanovas Loading platform with dismountable legs
US5664394A (en) * 1995-08-01 1997-09-09 Diversitech Corporation Base for equipment
US5701827A (en) * 1993-12-08 1997-12-30 Urabe; Toshinaga Pallet assembly
ES2117539A1 (en) * 1995-05-10 1998-08-01 Casanovas Jaime Teixidor Loading platform with dismantleable feet
US5830299A (en) * 1996-01-18 1998-11-03 Videcart, S.A. Method for manufacturing loading platforms with replaceable feet, and platform manufactured with said procedure
DE19847166A1 (en) * 1998-10-14 2000-04-27 Juergen Kara Palette with plug-in feet consists of two layers with different apertures and guide webs locking into apertures in feet, for tool-free easy assembly
US6076475A (en) * 1990-12-27 2000-06-20 Stone Container Corporation Divisible shipping platform apparatus
WO2002057149A1 (en) * 2001-01-19 2002-07-25 Sanvipalet, S.L. Improved cardboard pallet
US20030124515A1 (en) * 1999-06-02 2003-07-03 Saigene Corporation Target amplification of nucleic acid with mutant RNA polymerase
US6705237B2 (en) 2000-08-24 2004-03-16 Infiltrator Systems, Inc. Plastic pallet design
US20060130712A1 (en) * 2004-12-20 2006-06-22 Shih-Chieh Wang Pallet structure
US20060169185A1 (en) * 2004-06-07 2006-08-03 Williams Larry T Jr Easily assembled and repairable plastic shipping pallet
US20060185565A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2006-08-24 Brochu Ronald P Plastic pallet having metal deck
US20060201402A1 (en) * 2005-03-01 2006-09-14 Moore Roy E Jr Thermoplastic pallet for transporting food goods
US20060201400A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2006-09-14 Moore Roy E Jr Plastic pallet having deck suspension system
AU2002220755B2 (en) * 2001-01-19 2006-09-28 Sanvipalet, Sl Improved cardboard pallet
US20060236900A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2006-10-26 Brochu Ronald P Fire sprinkler-friendly pallet
US20060249058A1 (en) * 2000-08-24 2006-11-09 Moore Roy E Jr Fire resistant thermoplastic pallet
US20060254475A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2006-11-16 Moore Roy E Jr Fire-collaspible cross-beamed pallet
US20070012225A1 (en) * 2000-08-24 2007-01-18 Moore Roy E Jr Pallet having crowned cross rail
US20070028814A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2007-02-08 Swistak Daniel J Pallets having multi-purpose nubs
US20070051283A1 (en) * 2000-08-24 2007-03-08 Moore Roy E Jr Plastic pallet with sealed deck to frame joint
US20080308015A1 (en) * 2007-06-15 2008-12-18 Apps William P Nestable Pallet
US20090155502A1 (en) * 2007-12-17 2009-06-18 Cournoyer David M Composite core densification
US10479661B2 (en) 2016-02-16 2019-11-19 Rehrig Pacific Company Lift and pallet
US10479553B2 (en) 2016-02-26 2019-11-19 Rehrig Pacific Company Nestable pallet

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2706099A (en) * 1950-04-21 1955-04-12 Gaylord Container Corp Pallet
US2953339A (en) * 1958-10-16 1960-09-20 Crown Zellerbach Corp Standing supports for collapsible retaining sheets employing flanged metal pallet legs
US3407758A (en) * 1966-05-20 1968-10-29 Continental Can Co Expendable pallets

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2706099A (en) * 1950-04-21 1955-04-12 Gaylord Container Corp Pallet
US2953339A (en) * 1958-10-16 1960-09-20 Crown Zellerbach Corp Standing supports for collapsible retaining sheets employing flanged metal pallet legs
US3407758A (en) * 1966-05-20 1968-10-29 Continental Can Co Expendable pallets

Cited By (60)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4267781A (en) * 1979-07-30 1981-05-19 Powers Richard J Pallet and post construction therefor
US4579489A (en) * 1982-11-15 1986-04-01 Palcon Corporation Interlocking, stacking and nesting container system
US4685401A (en) * 1985-11-25 1987-08-11 Merchandising Innovations Co., Inc. Coffee Table
US4735154A (en) * 1985-12-04 1988-04-05 Allibert S.A. Reinforced loading pallet and process for reinforcing same
US4653817A (en) * 1985-12-11 1987-03-31 Merchandising Innovations, Inc. Student desk
US4799433A (en) * 1987-02-06 1989-01-24 Menasha Corporation Large capacity shipping pallet assembly
US5590606A (en) * 1990-12-27 1997-01-07 Stone Container Corporation Shipping platform apparatus
US6076475A (en) * 1990-12-27 2000-06-20 Stone Container Corporation Divisible shipping platform apparatus
US5388531A (en) * 1990-12-27 1995-02-14 Stone Container Corporation Shipping platform apparatus
US5832841A (en) * 1990-12-27 1998-11-10 Stone Container Corporation Shipping platform apparatus
US5193464A (en) * 1991-04-25 1993-03-16 Plastic Pallet Systems, Inc. Polymer pallet leg for a cardboard pallet base
WO1994000354A1 (en) * 1992-06-26 1994-01-06 Damage Prevention Products, Corp. Integrated paper cargo pallet
US5213050A (en) * 1992-06-26 1993-05-25 Damage Prevention Products, Inc. Integrated paper cargo pallet
US5367961A (en) * 1992-10-28 1994-11-29 Arai; Hiroshi Pallet support leg including semi-circular flange blades
WO1994029177A1 (en) * 1993-06-14 1994-12-22 Damage Prevention Products Corp. Composited four-way paper cargo pallet
US5537937A (en) * 1993-06-14 1996-07-23 Damage Prevention Products, Inc. Composited four-way paper cargo pallet
US5701827A (en) * 1993-12-08 1997-12-30 Urabe; Toshinaga Pallet assembly
ES2117539A1 (en) * 1995-05-10 1998-08-01 Casanovas Jaime Teixidor Loading platform with dismantleable feet
US5799586A (en) * 1995-05-10 1998-09-01 Videcart S.A. Loading platform with dismountable legs and method for manufacturing loading platforms with dismount legs
ES2120343A1 (en) * 1995-05-10 1998-10-16 Casanovas Jaime Teixidor Improvements in the main patent n 9500893, by pallet with detachable feet.
WO1996035620A1 (en) * 1995-05-10 1996-11-14 Jaime Teixidor Casanovas Loading platform with dismountable legs
US5664394A (en) * 1995-08-01 1997-09-09 Diversitech Corporation Base for equipment
US5830299A (en) * 1996-01-18 1998-11-03 Videcart, S.A. Method for manufacturing loading platforms with replaceable feet, and platform manufactured with said procedure
ES2130021A2 (en) * 1996-01-18 1999-06-16 Casanovas Jaime Teixidor Method for manufacturing loading platforms with replaceable feet.
EP0785143A3 (en) * 1996-01-18 1999-11-24 Videcart, S.A. Method for manufacturing loading platforms with replaceable feet, and platform manufactured with said procedure
DE19847166A1 (en) * 1998-10-14 2000-04-27 Juergen Kara Palette with plug-in feet consists of two layers with different apertures and guide webs locking into apertures in feet, for tool-free easy assembly
US20030124515A1 (en) * 1999-06-02 2003-07-03 Saigene Corporation Target amplification of nucleic acid with mutant RNA polymerase
US20060249058A1 (en) * 2000-08-24 2006-11-09 Moore Roy E Jr Fire resistant thermoplastic pallet
US7308857B2 (en) 2000-08-24 2007-12-18 The Engineered Pallet Company, Llc Pallet substructure and pallet design
US6705237B2 (en) 2000-08-24 2004-03-16 Infiltrator Systems, Inc. Plastic pallet design
US20070012225A1 (en) * 2000-08-24 2007-01-18 Moore Roy E Jr Pallet having crowned cross rail
US20040118325A1 (en) * 2000-08-24 2004-06-24 Moore Roy E. Plastic pallet design
US20050103237A1 (en) * 2000-08-24 2005-05-19 Moore Roy E.Jr. Collapsible plastic pallet design
US20050145143A1 (en) * 2000-08-24 2005-07-07 Moore Roy E.Jr. Pallet substructure and pallet design
US6935249B2 (en) 2000-08-24 2005-08-30 Infiltrator Systems, Inc. Pallet substructure
US6955129B2 (en) 2000-08-24 2005-10-18 The Engineered Pallot Company, Llc Plastic pallet design
US20070051283A1 (en) * 2000-08-24 2007-03-08 Moore Roy E Jr Plastic pallet with sealed deck to frame joint
US20040112261A1 (en) * 2000-08-24 2004-06-17 Moore Roy E. Plastic pallet design
WO2002057149A1 (en) * 2001-01-19 2002-07-25 Sanvipalet, S.L. Improved cardboard pallet
US6698362B2 (en) * 2001-01-19 2004-03-02 Sanvipalet, S.L. Cardboard pallet
AU2002220755B2 (en) * 2001-01-19 2006-09-28 Sanvipalet, Sl Improved cardboard pallet
US20060169185A1 (en) * 2004-06-07 2006-08-03 Williams Larry T Jr Easily assembled and repairable plastic shipping pallet
US7578244B2 (en) * 2004-06-07 2009-08-25 Williams Jr Larry Thomas Easily assembled and repairable plastic shipping pallet
US20060130712A1 (en) * 2004-12-20 2006-06-22 Shih-Chieh Wang Pallet structure
US20060201400A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2006-09-14 Moore Roy E Jr Plastic pallet having deck suspension system
US20060254475A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2006-11-16 Moore Roy E Jr Fire-collaspible cross-beamed pallet
US20060236900A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2006-10-26 Brochu Ronald P Fire sprinkler-friendly pallet
US20070022919A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2007-02-01 Moore Roy E Jr Low profile plastic pallet
US20070028814A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2007-02-08 Swistak Daniel J Pallets having multi-purpose nubs
US20060185565A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2006-08-24 Brochu Ronald P Plastic pallet having metal deck
US20060201402A1 (en) * 2005-03-01 2006-09-14 Moore Roy E Jr Thermoplastic pallet for transporting food goods
US20080308015A1 (en) * 2007-06-15 2008-12-18 Apps William P Nestable Pallet
US7690315B2 (en) * 2007-06-15 2010-04-06 Rehrig Pacific Company Nestable pallet
US20100236455A1 (en) * 2007-06-15 2010-09-23 Apps William P Nestable pallet
US8230793B2 (en) 2007-06-15 2012-07-31 Rehrig Pacific Company Nestable pallet
US8673418B2 (en) 2007-12-17 2014-03-18 Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation Composite core densification
US8372498B2 (en) * 2007-12-17 2013-02-12 Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation Composite core densification
US20090155502A1 (en) * 2007-12-17 2009-06-18 Cournoyer David M Composite core densification
US10479661B2 (en) 2016-02-16 2019-11-19 Rehrig Pacific Company Lift and pallet
US10479553B2 (en) 2016-02-26 2019-11-19 Rehrig Pacific Company Nestable pallet

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
EP0611354B1 (en) Corrugated pallet
US5361976A (en) Stackable package
US4809851A (en) Collapsible container
US8365677B2 (en) Foldably constructed force-resisting structures having interior support ribs
US4591065A (en) Foldable container assembly
US5390847A (en) Fruit and produce container
US5158369A (en) Stabilized flexible container for flowable materials
US5555980A (en) Collapsible palletized container
EP0801001B1 (en) Pallet for erected and collapsible containers
US3526195A (en) Pallet
US4697699A (en) Shipping container
EP1853486B1 (en) Foldably constructed force-resisting structures
US6905021B2 (en) Pallet members having features for storing boxes and other articles
US3776435A (en) Pallet
US4382733A (en) Freight cradle with replaceable deformable cushioning insert
US7275489B1 (en) One-way plastic pallet
US3628468A (en) Plastic pallet with reinforcing members
US5174448A (en) Container for shipping and stacking sheets of glass
US3762343A (en) End-nesting containers adapted to stack
US4606278A (en) Twin sheet pallet
US7690315B2 (en) Nestable pallet
US2918190A (en) Pallet and shipping container
EP1606171B1 (en) Universal semi-automatic foldable box
US6415927B1 (en) Octagon shaped stackable flexible intermediate bulk container and method of manufacture
CA2121074C (en) Corrugated pallet and container system