US3680552A - Traction splint - Google Patents

Traction splint Download PDF

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Publication number
US3680552A
US3680552A US3680552DA US3680552A US 3680552 A US3680552 A US 3680552A US 3680552D A US3680552D A US 3680552DA US 3680552 A US3680552 A US 3680552A
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Prior art keywords
cradle
cable
splint
end plate
limb
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Expired - Lifetime
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Oran M Bell
Joseph J Walker
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ORAN M BELL
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ORAN M BELL
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/04Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints
    • A61F5/05Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints for immobilising
    • A61F5/058Splints
    • A61F5/05841Splints for the limbs
    • A61F5/0585Splints for the limbs for the legs

Abstract

A splint for broken legs, and arms, incorporating simplified means for applying tension to the splinted limb. The splint will be secured to the proximal end portion of the injured leg or arm by conventional means such as that known as the Thomas half ring and straps but improved tensioning means is incorporated with the outer end of the splint for ultimate simplicity in construction as well as operation which is reflected in speedier and more efficient procedural use. End plate structure in the form of a simple casing snaps onto the outer end of the cradle portion of the splint but is easily removed for cleaning. A manually tensioned cable is routed through a cable guide on the casing thus assuring, a straight-line pull in the general plane of the cradle, even though applied manually, and automatic locking of the cable and quick release of tension when necessary is incorporated with the cable guide.

Description

United States Patent Bell et al. [451 Aug. 1, 1972 [54] TRACTION SPLINT Primary Examiner-Richard A. Gaudet [72] Inventors: Oran M. Bell, 5623 Dorothy Way, Ass'smm Examiner-l Yasko San Diego, Calif. 92115; Joseph J. Attorney-Knox & Knox Walker, 2517 Montgomery St., Cardiff, Calif. 92007 ABSTRACT [22] Filed: Nov. 27, 1970 [21] App]. No.: 93,030

52 us. Cl. ..12s/s4 c, 128/75 [51] Int. Cl. ..A6lf 5/04 [58] Field of Search ..128/84, 85, 86, 75

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,419,002 12/1968 Santosus ..128/85 3,477,428 11/1969 l-lare ..128/75 X 1,238,224 9/1917 Vickers ..128/85 610,866 10/1898 McBeth ..128/85 2,454,319 11/1948 Henderson .;.l28/84 A 2,058,563 10/1936 Campbell ..128/75 X 2,198,995 4/1940 Gray ..128/84 R A splint for broken legs, and arms, incorporating simplified means for applying tension to the splinted limb. The splint will be secured to the proximal end portion of the injured leg or arm by conventional means such as that known as the Thomas half ring and straps but improved tensioning means is incorporated with the outer end of the splint for ultimate simplicity in construction as well as operation which is reflected in speedier and more efiicient procedural use. End plate structure in the form of a simple casing snaps onto the outer end of the cradle portion of the splint but is easily removed for cleaning. A manually tensioned cable is routed through a cable guide on the casing thus assuring, a straight-line pull in the general plane of the cradle, even though applied manually, and automatic locking of the cable and quick release of tension when necessary is incorporated with the cable guide.

4 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures mnmsnmsnmz I 3.680.552

IN ENTORS JOSEPH J. WALKER ORAN M. BELL TRACTION SPLINT BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In injuries to the limbs, particularly where there is bone fracture, the pain of the injured person can usually be mitigated considerably by splinting the limb and applying reasonable tension thereto. This helps to prevent the fractured bone from needless further laceration of surrounding tissue, and may relieve unnatural pressure on nerves and the splinting may facilitate effective first aid procedures and movement of the injured person, as for example, into an ambulance. The prior art includes traction splints with ankle hitches and means for tension application including ratchet means and tightenable strap and buckle devices but these prior art devices are either quite costly to construct, space consuming when stored, unneccesarily extended in overall length, unduly time-consuming in operation or very difficult to operate without incurring an unwanted bending movement on the injured limb.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION As claimed, the present invention avoids the foregoing disadvantages and is embodied in the simple end plate or casing which can be snapped on and off the end of the cradle portion, this casing being flat and occupyingminimal storage space and the simple cable, cable guide and locking means are reflected in uncomplicated, fast and efficient procedural handlingof the traction splint. The casing reinforces the rod structure of the cradle and the parts are arranged to assure that the manual tensioning will not cause twisting or flexing of the limb.

. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING DETAILED DESCRII 'TIONv OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The novel structure in this invention is concerned with what is termed herein the outer end portion of a traction splint, that is, the end portion where the. foot or hand will be placed when the splint is in use. The type of splint here involved will conventionallyhave a half ring and/or straps or the like to secure the splint to the proximal portion of the limb, and the structure is not necessarily changed by this invention and is not depicted in the drawing.

The cradle is constructed from cylindrical metal I tubing or rods 10 and 12 joined by transverse rod structure 14 at said outer end .of the splint. Hammock straps 16 or the like of conventional form bridge the rods 12 at spaced positions to support the limb l8'and the hammock straps should support the limb so that it is maintained in the same general plane as the outer end of the splint, it being noted that this will still permit the desirable minor downward deflection of the hammock straps for better cradling action not inconsistent with a proper splinting result.

The end plate or casing 20 is mounted on the outer end of the cradle 10 and is open-ended snugly to receive the adjacent terminal portions of rods 12 and the transverse rod structure 14. The casing has upper and lower plates 22 and 24 which grip the rod structure and these plates are dimpled at 26 to snap behind the corner portions 28 of the rod structure when the casing is forcefully pushed thereonto. In this manner the casing is made semi-permanently fixed on the end of the cradle but is still reasonably easily pulled off for cleaning or replacement purposes.

A tubular cable guide 30 is fixed, ordinarily by welding, to the top'of upper plate 22. A cable 32of nylon or other suitable material is threaded therethrough a swivel connection 34 on the inner end of the cable 32 and permits securement thereof to a sling 36. This sling as illustrated is particularly efficient in avoiding any twisting movement on the limb or any tendency to pull the forward portion'of a foot downward from its natural position as illustrated. In other words this sling localizes the pulling action to a plane through the heel of the foot correspondingto the general operational plane of the entire splint. The illustrated sling is l-l-shaped when laid flat with a heel web 38as the cross member of the l-I" and two parallel spaced bands, the ankle band 40 and the instep band 42, both of the latter being preferably equipped with quick fastening means such as that merchandised under the trademark Velcro. The heel strap 38 is fitted with a cross bar having a central loop, as at 44 to which the swivel connection 34 is attached.

The cable 32 extends in a distal direction from the cable guide 30 and'terminates in a bandhold 46. To maintaintension applied by means ofpulling cable 32 a locking means is provided. As illustrated, this locking means is a'detent 48-spring pressed into wedging contact with the cable 32 within' the cable guide 30, the latter being laterally slotted at 50 to admit the detent. The biasing spring is indicated at 52 as'arranged coaxially of the pivot pin 54 which, along with capscrew 56, is threaded into a spacer 58,-thus aiding in rigidifying the casing. In this regard it should be noted that the easing. 20 reinforces the rod structure of the cradle very considerably thus enabling useof lighter stock tubing or rod 12.

The operation of this improved traction splint will be obvious from a consideration of the foregoing description and it need only be added that since the, tension once applied may have to be lessened, as in all types of traction splints, and it is important that this can be, accomplished simply and very quickly, the detent actuating fingerpiece 60 is made very accessible and positive in action, being simply an extension of the detent 48 beyond the pivotal attachment thereof.

It is understood that minor variation from the form of the invention disclosed herein may be made without departure fromthe spirit and scope of the invention, and that the specification and drawings are to be considered as merely illustrative rather than limiting. For

example, the cable guide can be shortened or altered to accept lateral removal and replacement of a cable, and

the locking action may also be considerably altered while still being functionally equivalent to that shown.

We claim:

1. In a traction splint for attachment to a proximal portion of an injured limb:

a leg-accommodating cradle including a pair of spaced rods elongated in one general plane for reception of an injured limb; means of said rods for securing said injured limb to said cradle;

a foot-engaging sling for securement to the extremity of said limb;

an end plate mounted on an end of said cradle;

a cable with attachment means connecting said cable to said sling;

an essentially tubular cable guide secured to said end plate and substantially in said general plane;

said cable being threaded through said cable guide and extending distally therebeyond and capable of being grasped manually and pulled to apply tension to an injured limb limited to said general plane by said cable guide; and

locking means to fasten the tensioned cable with reference to said cable guide and end plate said locking means includes a detent spring-pressed into cable-engaging position and having a V manually operated lever shiftable to release the detent from the cable and thus instantly reducing or eliminating the tension when required.

2. A traction splint according to claim 1 wherein said end plate has a snap-on connection with said cradle and is normally firmly attached to said cradle and is easily removed therefrom for cleaning.

3. A traction splint according to claim 1, wherein said cradle includes transverse rod structure atsaid one end of the longated cradle, and said end plate is in the form of a generally flat, substantially inflexible openended casing which occupies minimal storage space and which snaps over and onto said transverse rod structure and stabilizes the cradle against undue flexing so that lighted rodstructure can be used in manufacture of the cradle.

4. A traction splint according to claim 1 wherein said cable attaching means in use is in said general plane, and said cradle and sling are above said plane when the splint is generally horizontal and capable of supporting said limb entirely above said general plane, thereby obviating the need for a heel stand.

Claims (4)

1. In a traction splint for attachment to a proximal portion of an injured limb: a leg-accommodating cradle including a pair of spaced rods elongated in one general plane for reception of an injured limb; means of said rods for securing said injured limb to said cradle; a foot-engaging sling for securement to the extremity of said limb; an end plate mounted on an end of said cradle; a cable with attachment means connecting said cable to said sling; an essentially tubular cable guide secured to said end plate and substantially in said general plane; said cable being threaded through said cable guide and extending distally therebeyond and capable of being grasped manually and pulled to apply tension to an injured limb limited to said general plane by said cable guide; and locking means to fasten the tensioned cable with reference to said cable guide and end plate said locking means includes a detent spring-pressed into cable-engaging position and having a manually operated lever shiftable to release the detent from the cable and thus instantly reducing or eliminating the tension when required.
2. A traction splint according to claim 1 wherein said end plate has a snap-on connection with said cradle and is normally firmly attached to said cradle and is easily removed therefrom for cleaning.
3. A traction splint according to claim 1, wherein said cradle includes transverse rod structure at said one end of the longated cradle, and said end plate is in the form of a generally flat, substantially inflexible open-ended casing which occupies minimal storage space and which snaps over and onto said transverse rod structure and stabilizes the cradle against undue flexing so that lighted rod structure can be used in manufacture of the cradle.
4. A traction splint according to claim 1 wherein said cable attaching means in use is in said general plane, and said cradle and sling are above said plane when the splint is generally horizontal and capable of supporting said limb entirely above said general plane, thereby obviating the need for a heel stand.
US3680552A 1970-11-27 1970-11-27 Traction splint Expired - Lifetime US3680552A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4174709A (en) * 1977-12-20 1979-11-20 Maddux Richard H Extensible splint
US5088479A (en) * 1990-04-26 1992-02-18 Detoro William W Ankle and foot orthosis
US5167601A (en) * 1990-01-18 1992-12-01 Red River Valley Sports Medicine Institute Sprinter leg muscle training device and method
US5788659A (en) * 1996-12-13 1998-08-04 Haas; Michael John Shoulder traction device for relocating a dislocated shoulder
US20040049143A1 (en) * 2002-09-06 2004-03-11 Short David L. Shoulder reduction device
US8845568B2 (en) 2011-04-08 2014-09-30 Allen Medical Systems, Inc. Distractor straps for use with distractor apparatuses
US9173649B2 (en) 2011-04-08 2015-11-03 Allen Medical Systems, Inc. Low profile distractor apparatuses

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US610866A (en) * 1898-09-13 Surgeon s splint
US1238224A (en) * 1917-05-07 1917-08-28 Harry Wm Vickers Splint.
US2058563A (en) * 1934-12-19 1936-10-27 Harry J Campbell Knee exerciser
US2198995A (en) * 1937-12-27 1940-04-30 Frank L Gray Traction applying device for splints
US2454319A (en) * 1947-05-13 1948-11-23 Henderson Philip Harry Traction splint
US3419002A (en) * 1965-12-13 1968-12-31 Pre Cast Safety Splint Inc Traction device
US3477428A (en) * 1967-06-29 1969-11-11 Dyna Med Inc Combined splint and traction device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US610866A (en) * 1898-09-13 Surgeon s splint
US1238224A (en) * 1917-05-07 1917-08-28 Harry Wm Vickers Splint.
US2058563A (en) * 1934-12-19 1936-10-27 Harry J Campbell Knee exerciser
US2198995A (en) * 1937-12-27 1940-04-30 Frank L Gray Traction applying device for splints
US2454319A (en) * 1947-05-13 1948-11-23 Henderson Philip Harry Traction splint
US3419002A (en) * 1965-12-13 1968-12-31 Pre Cast Safety Splint Inc Traction device
US3477428A (en) * 1967-06-29 1969-11-11 Dyna Med Inc Combined splint and traction device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4174709A (en) * 1977-12-20 1979-11-20 Maddux Richard H Extensible splint
US5167601A (en) * 1990-01-18 1992-12-01 Red River Valley Sports Medicine Institute Sprinter leg muscle training device and method
US5088479A (en) * 1990-04-26 1992-02-18 Detoro William W Ankle and foot orthosis
US5788659A (en) * 1996-12-13 1998-08-04 Haas; Michael John Shoulder traction device for relocating a dislocated shoulder
US20040049143A1 (en) * 2002-09-06 2004-03-11 Short David L. Shoulder reduction device
US8845568B2 (en) 2011-04-08 2014-09-30 Allen Medical Systems, Inc. Distractor straps for use with distractor apparatuses
US9173649B2 (en) 2011-04-08 2015-11-03 Allen Medical Systems, Inc. Low profile distractor apparatuses

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