US3677664A - Rotary mechanical pumps of the screw type - Google Patents

Rotary mechanical pumps of the screw type Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3677664A
US3677664A US3677664DA US3677664A US 3677664 A US3677664 A US 3677664A US 3677664D A US3677664D A US 3677664DA US 3677664 A US3677664 A US 3677664A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
pump
working chambers
rotors
housing
oil
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Henryk Wycliffe
Basil Dixon Power
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Edwards High Vacuum International Ltd
Original Assignee
Edwards High Vacuum International Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB4296567 priority Critical
Application filed by Edwards High Vacuum International Ltd filed Critical Edwards High Vacuum International Ltd
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3677664A publication Critical patent/US3677664A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C28/00Control of, monitoring of, or safety arrangements for, pumps or pumping installations specially adapted for elastic fluids
    • F04C28/28Safety arrangements; Monitoring
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C18/00Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids
    • F04C18/08Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids of intermeshing-engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co-operating members similar to that of toothed gearing
    • F04C18/12Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids of intermeshing-engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co-operating members similar to that of toothed gearing of other than internal-axis type
    • F04C18/14Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids of intermeshing-engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co-operating members similar to that of toothed gearing of other than internal-axis type with toothed rotary pistons
    • F04C18/16Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids of intermeshing-engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co-operating members similar to that of toothed gearing of other than internal-axis type with toothed rotary pistons with helical teeth, e.g. chevron-shaped, screw type
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C23/00Combinations of two or more pumps, each being of rotary-piston or oscillating-piston type, specially adapted for elastic fluids; Pumping installations specially adapted for elastic fluids; Multi-stage pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids
    • F04C23/001Combinations of two or more pumps, each being of rotary-piston or oscillating-piston type, specially adapted for elastic fluids; Pumping installations specially adapted for elastic fluids; Multi-stage pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids of similar working principle
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C29/00Component parts, details or accessories of pumps or pumping installations, not provided for in groups F04C18/00 - F04C28/00
    • F04C29/02Lubrication; Lubricant separation

Abstract

An oil-sealed screw rotor mechanical vacuum pump which may be used as a backing pump, together with a rotary dry-running fine pump, in a high vacuum pumping unit. The screw rotor pump has one or more non-return valves between the chambers being limited by the screw rotor action and the atmosphere. The sealing oil also acts as a ''''liquid piston'''' to sweep pumped medium out of the chambers via the non-return valve(s).

Description

United States Patent [151 3,6 7,664 Wycliffe et al. 1 July 18, 1972 ROTARY MECHANICAL PUMPS OF 3,237,524 3/1966 Nilsson et al. ..4l8/20l THE SCREW TYPE 3,241,744 3/1966 Schibbye et al.. ..418/99 2,519,913 8/1950 Lysholm ..4l8/20l 1 Inventors: Henryk Wychffe, y; Basil Dixon 3,279,682 /1966 Vagenius ..418/9 Power, Horsham, both of England 3,084,851 4/1963 Schibbye et al.. .....418/9 3,093,300 6/1963 Fraser ..418/9 [73] Assgnee' ff f zgf fifig 5 23 3,129,877 4/1964 Nilsson et al. ..418/99 22 Filed: June 29, 1970 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS [2]] Appl. No.: 50,049
992,141 5/1965 Great Britain ..418/ Related US. Application Data 63 Ct t f .N.7,92, l 1 :3 3:11? 0 Se! 0 59 5 Sept 16 9 Przmary Examiner-Carlton R. Croyle Assistant Examiner-John J. Vrablik Foreign Application Priority Data Att0rneyl-lall & Houghton Sept. 21, 1967 Great Britain ..42965/67 [57] ABSTRACT [52] U.S.Cl ..4l7/3l0,4l8/9,418/l5,
413 97 13 201 An oil-sealed screw rotor mechanical vacut m pump which 51 1111.0. ..F04b 49/00, FOlC 1/16, F04C 17/12 may be used as a backmg Pump, togethetwlth rotary y- 58 1 Field of Search ..418/9, 97, 99, 200, 201, 15, running fine Pump, in a hlgh vacuum P P The Screw 418/98. 417/310 rotor pump has one or more non-return valves between the chambers being limited by the screw rotor action and the at- [56] References Cited mosphere. The sealing oil also acts as a liquid piston to sweep pumped medium out of the chambers via the non- UNITED STATES PATENTS return d 3,122,308 2/1964 Andersson et a1. ..418/201 6Clains,4D1-awingl1igures l 9/ 1Z1 li Z \Z 1 I 1 I 2. 16 g 1 i i 1 g Patented July 18, 1972 f/EN/Pi/K h r f D. POWER INVENTOR S BY XMr FIG. 3.
ATTORNEY ROTARY MECHANICAL PUMPS OF THE SCREW TYPE This application is a continuation of our prior application Ser. No. 759,952, filed Sept. 16, 1968, and now abandoned, and relates back thereto for all dates and rights incident to the filing thereof and of our corresponding British Application No. 42965/67, filed Sept. 21, 1967, and from which priority is claimed.
This invention relates to rotary mechanical pumps of the screw type.
The screw rotor compressor or vacuum pump conventionally consists of a housing structure containing two cylindrical and intersecting bores wherein is supported a pair of co operating male and female rotors which have helical lands and intervening grooves and are arranged to turn synchronously in opposite directions. Flat end covers are provided at both ends of the housing structure, and these are perforated by ports for the admission and expulsion of the gas to be pumped. Working chambers are formed bounded by parts of the surfaces of the two rotors and by part of the cylindrical inner wall of the housing and usually also by part of the end cover surface. During rotation the working chambers thus confined travel axially along the pump and are progressively limited in volume as the outlet end of the pump is approached so that a continuing pumping action is obtained.
Screw rotor compressors or vacuum pumps have been described with various different geometries of design which may affect the form or number of the lands or grooves on the rotors, the pitch of these lands and grooves and the number of chambers in series defined by a particular land and groove at any one instant. Pumps have been built having the lands and grooves reducing in depth towards the high pressure end of the pump. Two stage pumps have been built having two male and female rotor pairs mounted on a single shaft, separated by a partition and connected to pump in series. Screw rotor compressors and vacuum pumps are usually designed to operate with small clearances between the relatively moving arts and usually employ synchronizing gears at one end of the shafts to maintain the clearances between the rotors which are not themselves normally lubricated. Pumps have been built, however, where the rotors are supplied with oil for lubricating or sealing purposes and in some cases it has proved possible to dispense with the synchronizing gears. Pumps have not normally been built for high vacuum purposes although the use of pumps to produce pressures of several torr absolute has been described.
It is an object of this invention to provide a pump which is capable of producing higher vacua than has normally been available with screw rotor pumps, the invention being concerned both with primary pumps capable of producing a vacuum of, say, 10* torr whilst delivering directly to the atmosphere and with higher vacuum pumps capable of very high compression ratios whilst delivering gas to a pressure readily capable of attainment by a primary pump. The invention is also concerned with complete higher vacuum pumping units capable of delivering directly at atmospheric pressure.
The invention will not be described in greater detail, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 shows diagrammatically an oil-sealed screw rotor vacuum pump;
FIG. 2 is a cross-section taken on the line lI-ll of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a cross-section taken on the line IIIIH of FIG. 1; and
FIG. 4 is a diagrammatic representation of a composite high vacuum pumping unit comprising a dry-running screw rotor vacuum pump and an oil-sealed screw rotor backing pump.
Referring to FIG. 1 of the drawing, a screw rotor medium vacuum pump has a housing 1 provided with a flange 2 for connection to a system to be pumped and a port 3 for discharge of the pumping medium. Within the housing 1 are two rotors 4 and 5 which are of the screw type and have central bores closed at the ends as at 6 and 7. These rotors are rotatably mounted on upper bearings 8 and 8' and lower bearings 9 and 9' so they may rotate about cantilever shafts 10 and 10 which are fixed at their lower ends to the housing. A drive gear (not shown) on one of the rotor shafts transmits power to the other rotor shaft.
A top cover plate 11 partially covers the top end of the retors, their non-covered or exposed areas defining an inlet port (shown at 12 in dotted lines in FIG. 3) which allows flow of the pumping medium into the spaces between the rotors and the housing. When the rotors 4 and 5 rotate in opposite directions, the pumping medium is enclosed within these spaces which move axially along the rotors towards an outlet port 13 (see FIG. 2) in a lower end cover. The port 13 is shown centrally in FIG. 1 for the purpose of clarity. As each space, or working chamber, approaches the outlet port the interaction of the rotors reduces its volume, the only leakage path upwards towards the inlet or high vacuum end being along the working clearances 14 and also between the rotors 4 and 5. The outlet 13 is provided with a non-return outlet valve 15. During initial evacuation of the system to be pumped the volume of gas contained within each working chamber will tend to be compressed until its pressure considerably exceeds that existing at the outlet 3. This would require undesirably large amounts of power and probably cause rough working of the pump. Thus, in accordance with the invention, there is provided, in addition to the outlet port 13, one or more additional outlet ports 16 which communicate with the working chambers at various stages of their reduction in volume. These additional ports 16 are provided with spring loaded one-way (nonreturn) pressure relief valves 17 arranged in the lower (outlet) end cover, which only open when the pressure in the working chamber exceeds that in the region of port 3 by a predetermined amount, say 3 psi. Thus, while these valves 17 will be in use during the initial stages of pumping, they will not necessarily be used when high vacuum is reached. The ports 16 and valves 17 could alternatively be arranged in the wall of the housing 1.
When pumping a vacuum system from atmospheric pressure the pumping medium is ejected, on the first compression stroke, through the nearest valve 17. As the rotors continue to mesh the medium is ejected successively through the remainder of the valves 17 and finally through the valve 15. As the process is continuous, subsequent compression strokes are started before the first stroke has finished. Thus, when pumping from atmosphere the pumping medium is ejected, to begin with, through all the valves 17 as well as through the valve 15. As the pressure falls, however, the valve 17 which is furthest away from the point of intermeshing of the rotors 4 and S (in the opposite direction to that of the rotation) will become inactive. As pumping progresses this will happen to each of the valves 17 in turn until when only a very little pumping medium is being handled, only the valve .15 will remain open. As the rotors 4 and 5 revolve rapidly, e.g. about 3,000 rpm. this results in a correspondingly high rate of compression strokes, e.g. of 12,000 per minute. In such condition, the valve 15 never closes entirely but vibrates" in a position intermediate its fully open and fully closed positions. This position is determined by the pressure conditions acting on each side of the valve plate which are such as to prevent re-entry of pumped medium into the interlobal space.
The oil for sealing the pump is introduced in metered amounts into its working chambers via a passage 18 having a number of oil injection holes 19. The oil is metered into the working chambers in amounts in excess of that necessary for sealing purposes. This ensures that, in the final stage of delivery the working chambers are almost completely filled with oil, any pumped gas being compressed to a very small volume, and when the outlet valve 15 (or valves 15 and 17) are lifted the oil is caused to flow through the port 13 (or ports 13 and 16) in the manner of a hydraulic piston ensuring very complete elimination of gas at the end of each compression cycle.
The pump described above is particularly useful as a backing pump in a two stage high vacuum pumping unit, in
which case it is desirable to maintain as low an oil contamination as possible at its inlet end, namely the high pressure end of the fine pump. The oil is therefore introduced to a working chamber of the backing pump only after the chamber is sealed from the pump inlet so that there is at least one working clearance restriction 14 to limit leak back, the oil being introduced at a number of points 19 (FIG. 1 Thus, in the pump of FIG. 1, the first point of oil introduction should be sufficiently far down the rotor so as to give a single clearance restriction 14 between this point and the inlet end.
The oil introduced into the pump also provides a means of lubrication so that rubbing between the rotors can be permitted. However, in these circumstances lubrication would be required along the whole length of the rotors where rubbing occurs. Thus, in order to keep as low as possible oil contamination at the input, when the oil-sealed pump is used as a backing pump, the top portions of the rotors may be arranged not to rub so that there is no need for lubrication in these regions. This can be obtained, for example, by altering the form of the rotors slightly and slightly increasing the section of the rotor containing bores in the housing 1 in this region.
A particular advantageous feature of the oil-sealed pump of FIGS. 1-3 is the use of the arrangement of outlet valves 17 cooperating with the outlet end cover which closely abuts the end faces of the rotor pair and the housing so as to have a very small clearance or to rub in lubricating contact with the rotors.
All the outlet valves 17 of the oil sealed pump may be oil immersed so as to prevent any back flow of gas into the working chamber if the latter should be at a lower pressure than the discharge pressure. Again they may be arranged in the lower end cover or in the wall of the housing 1.
The oil sealed rotary screw pump is subject to many of the modifications already known or proposed with respect to other mechanical rotary pumps, such as the vane pump. Then the use of energy absorbers, as described in US. Pat. No. 3,421,688, may. be used to reduce or prevent oil knock" at the final outlet valve or valves during pumping at high vacuum. The absorbers may be of the type which communicate with gas or air at the discharge pressure or of the hermetically sealed type. Use may also be made of a gas ballast arrangement for permitting the pumping of condensable vapors with reduced risk of condensation within the pump. The ballast gas may be introduced into the working chambers once they are sealed form the inlet end, the ballast gas providing some of the pressure necessary to open the outlet valve or valves. A gas ballast entry conduit is shown at 20 in FIG. 3.
A problem associated with oil sealed vacuum pumps in general is suck back of oil if the pump stops under vacuum. British Pat. No. 875,444 describes one method of preventing this and this, or any other suitable methods, may be used with the oil sealed screw rotor pump.
A torque limiting hydraulic drive may be incorporated as an integral part of the pump, generally the same in manner as is disclosed in US. Pat. No. 3,401,808.
FIG. 4 diagrammatically illustrates a particularly suitable composite pump unit for pumping from atmosphere to high vacuum, say 10- torr (in principle, very much lower pressures than this should be possible). This unit comprises an oil-sealed backing pump, similar to that shown in FIGS. 1-3 having rotors 4" and 5" in series with a dry-running screw type pump having rotors 4 and 5. The rotors 4 and 4" are both mounted on or are integral with a shaft and the rotors 5 and 5" on a shaft 10". It will be noted that the portions of the shafts carrying the rotors 4 and 5 are cantilever portions so as to prevent the bearing lubricant reaching the high vacuum side of the unit. Each shaft has two bearings located at either end of the backing pump rotors 4" and 5". The oil-sealed pump is substantially the same as has been discussed in the foregoing description with reference to FIGS. 1-3. The dry-running pump is very similar to the oil-sealed pump except that it does not have an oil introduction passage 18 and oil injection holes 19. As the -runnin pump is provided with no lubrication or oil sealing tween e rotors or between the rotors and the housing it is necessary to have the working clearances 14' of the order of 0.005 inches. While such clearances are smaller than the mean free path of gas molecules at high vacuum, it is desirable in order to reduce the leak back rate" from the higher pressure end of the pump to ensure that they are also comparable or less than the mean free path of the pumped gas molecules in the region of the discharge port of the dryrunning pump.
What is claimed is:
1. A rotary mechanical vacuum pump apparatus of the screw type comprising in combination:
a. a housing;
b. a low pressure inlet region in said housing;
c. a high pressure outlet region in said housing;
d. two intermeshing screw rotors accommodated in said housing, said rotors being rotatable in opposite directions to produce a pumping and compressing action between said low pressure inlet region and said high pressure outlet region by limiting working chambers formed between said rotors and said housing;
e. an outlet port, provided with a non-return outlet valve, in
said outlet region; I
a plurality of additional ports communicating directly with said working chambers and the said outlet region, each of said additional ports being provided with a pressure relief valve whereby said working chambers are vented to said outlet region when a predetermined excess pressure exists between said working chambers and said outlet region; and
g. means for introducing a sealing liquid into said working chambers, said sealing liquid providing a liquid piston which sweeps pumped medium out of said working chambers via said non-return outlet valve.
2. A pump apparatus according to claim 1, in which said sealing liquid introduction means introduces sealing liquid into said working chambers when said working chambers are no longer in communication with said low pressure inlet regron.
3. A pump apparatus according to claim 1, further including gas introduction means whereby gas ballast is introduced into said working chambers when said working chambers are no longer in communication with said low pressure inlet region.
4. A pump apparatus according to claim 1, in which each of said rotors is formed with a central bore which is closed at said low pressure inlet region and is rotatably mounted on a cantilever shaft supported at said high pressure outlet region.
5. A pump apparatus comprising an oil sealed pump according to claim I further including a dry running high vacuum screw type pump in flow series therewith.
6. A pump apparatus according to claim 5, in which said dry running pump and said oil sealed pump have a common housing with two axially displaced pairs of dry and oil sealed rotors therein,
e. the corresponding rotors of said two pairs are provided with a common shaft, and
i. said common shafts have and are rotatably mounted in bearings located at the respective ends of said oilsealed rotor.

Claims (6)

1. A rotary mechanical vacuum pump apparatus of the screw type comprising in combination: a. a housing; b. a low pressure inlet region in said housing; c. a high pressure outlet region in said housing; d. two intermeshing screw rotors accommodated in said housing, said rotors being rotatable in opposite directions to produce a pumping and compressing action between said low pressure inlet region and said high pressure outlet region by limiting working chambers formed between said rotors and said housing; e. an outlet port, provided with a non-return outlet valve, in said outlet region; f. a plurality of additional ports communicating directly with said working chambers and the said outlet region, each of said additional ports being provided with a pressure relief valve whereby said working chambers are vented to said outlet region when a predetermined excess pressure exists between said working chambers and said outlet region; and g. means for introducing a sealing liquid into said working chambers, said sealing liquid providing a ''''liquid piston'''' which sweeps pumped medium out of said working chambers via said non-return outlet valve.
2. A pump apparatus according to claim 1, in which said sealing liquid introduction means introduces sealing liquid into said working chambers when said working chambers are no lOnger in communication with said low pressure inlet region.
3. A pump apparatus according to claim 1, further including gas introduction means whereby gas ballast is introduced into said working chambers when said working chambers are no longer in communication with said low pressure inlet region.
4. A pump apparatus according to claim 1, in which each of said rotors is formed with a central bore which is closed at said low pressure inlet region and is rotatably mounted on a cantilever shaft supported at said high pressure outlet region.
5. A pump apparatus comprising an oil sealed pump according to claim 1 further including a dry running high vacuum screw type pump in flow series therewith.
6. A pump apparatus according to claim 5, in which said dry running pump and said oil sealed pump have a common housing with two axially displaced pairs of dry and oil sealed rotors therein, e. the corresponding rotors of said two pairs are provided with a common shaft, and f. said common shafts have and are rotatably mounted in bearings located at the respective ends of said oil-sealed rotor.
US3677664D 1967-09-21 1970-06-29 Rotary mechanical pumps of the screw type Expired - Lifetime US3677664A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB4296567 1967-09-21

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3677664A true US3677664A (en) 1972-07-18

Family

ID=10426748

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3677664D Expired - Lifetime US3677664A (en) 1967-09-21 1970-06-29 Rotary mechanical pumps of the screw type

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US3677664A (en)
CH (1) CH487343A (en)
DE (1) DE1728282A1 (en)
FR (1) FR1580766A (en)
GB (1) GB1248031A (en)

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4076468A (en) * 1970-07-09 1978-02-28 Svenska Rotor Maskiner Aktiebolag Multi-stage screw compressor interconnected via communication channel in common end plate
US4389171A (en) * 1981-01-15 1983-06-21 The Trane Company Gas compressor of the scroll type having reduced starting torque
US4588363A (en) * 1984-03-28 1986-05-13 Societe Anonyme D.B.A. Volumetric screw compressor
US4639199A (en) * 1983-04-02 1987-01-27 Leybold-Heraeus Gmbh Two-shaft vacuum pump with internal compression
EP0256234A2 (en) * 1986-06-12 1988-02-24 Hitachi, Ltd. Vacuum generating system
US4762469A (en) * 1986-03-03 1988-08-09 American Standard Inc. Rotor anti-reverse rotation arrangement in a screw compressor
US4909716A (en) * 1988-10-19 1990-03-20 Dunham-Bush Screw step drive internal volume ratio varying system for helical screw rotary compressor
US4940398A (en) * 1987-05-15 1990-07-10 Leybold Aktiengesellschaft Twin-shaft, multiple-stage vacuum pump with the shafts vertically disposed
US5244352A (en) * 1988-06-24 1993-09-14 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Multi-stage vacuum pump installation
US5743719A (en) * 1995-07-21 1998-04-28 Anest Iwata Corporation Oil-free scroll vacuum pump having a gas ballast part
US5816782A (en) * 1995-04-19 1998-10-06 Ebara Corporation Multistage positive-displacement vacuum pump
EP0937894A2 (en) * 1994-08-19 1999-08-25 Diavac Limited Screw fluid machine and screw gear used in the same
WO2001046592A1 (en) * 1999-12-22 2001-06-28 Leybold Vakuum Gmbh Dry compressing vacuum pump having a gas ballast device
US6488488B2 (en) 1999-03-10 2002-12-03 Ghh-Rand Schraubenkompressoren Gmbh Rotary helical screw-type compressor having an intake filter and muffler
US6599112B2 (en) * 2001-10-19 2003-07-29 Imperial Research Llc Offset thread screw rotor device
US6719548B1 (en) 2002-10-29 2004-04-13 Imperial Research Llc Twin screw rotor device
US20040258551A1 (en) * 2001-09-27 2004-12-23 Masashi Yoshimura Vacuum pump
US20080226481A1 (en) * 2004-01-23 2008-09-18 Nigel Paul Schofield Screw Vacuum Pump
US20090308471A1 (en) * 2008-06-16 2009-12-17 Timothy Keene Heimonen Startup bypass system for a screw compressor
WO2010119038A3 (en) * 2009-04-17 2011-06-23 Oerlikon Leybold Vacuum Gmbh Screw-type vacuum pump
US20160040669A1 (en) * 2013-05-30 2016-02-11 Orion Machinery Co., Ltd. Two-shaft rotary pump
RU2689224C2 (en) * 2015-01-15 2019-05-24 Атлас Копко Эрпауэр, Намлозе Веннотсхап Screw element of vacuum pump with oil seal
US10670014B2 (en) 2015-01-15 2020-06-02 Atlas Copco Airpower, Naamloze Vennootschap Oil-injected vacuum pump element

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0166851B1 (en) * 1984-04-11 1989-09-20 Hitachi, Ltd. Screw type vacuum pump
US4662826A (en) * 1984-04-20 1987-05-05 Tokico Ltd. Vacuum pump system including serially connected rotary and reciprocating vacuum pumps
GB9125848D0 (en) * 1991-12-04 1992-02-05 Boc Group Plc Improvements in vacuum pumps
KR101412644B1 (en) * 2011-08-02 2014-07-03 고쿠리츠다이가쿠호진 도호쿠다이가쿠 Gas exhaust pump system and gas exhaust method

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2519913A (en) * 1943-08-21 1950-08-22 Jarvis C Marble Helical rotary compressor with pressure and volume regulating means
US3084851A (en) * 1960-02-29 1963-04-09 Svenska Rotor Maskiner Ab Rotary machine
US3093300A (en) * 1961-01-31 1963-06-11 Ingersoll Rand Co Axial flow compressor
US3122308A (en) * 1959-01-27 1964-02-25 Atlas Copco Ab Control devices for motor-driven compressors
US3129877A (en) * 1956-05-17 1964-04-21 Svenska Rotor Maskiner Ab Rotary piston, positive displacement compressor
GB992141A (en) * 1962-09-26 1965-05-19 Gardner Denver Co A supercharging system for rotary gas compressors
US3237524A (en) * 1964-11-03 1966-03-01 Svenska Rotor Maskiner Ab Reversible rotary piston motors of the screw rotor type
US3241744A (en) * 1959-09-01 1966-03-22 Svenska Rotor Maskiner Ab Rotary piston, positive displacement compressors
US3279682A (en) * 1963-02-23 1966-10-18 Howden James & Co Ltd Screw air compressors

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2519913A (en) * 1943-08-21 1950-08-22 Jarvis C Marble Helical rotary compressor with pressure and volume regulating means
US3129877A (en) * 1956-05-17 1964-04-21 Svenska Rotor Maskiner Ab Rotary piston, positive displacement compressor
US3122308A (en) * 1959-01-27 1964-02-25 Atlas Copco Ab Control devices for motor-driven compressors
US3241744A (en) * 1959-09-01 1966-03-22 Svenska Rotor Maskiner Ab Rotary piston, positive displacement compressors
US3084851A (en) * 1960-02-29 1963-04-09 Svenska Rotor Maskiner Ab Rotary machine
US3093300A (en) * 1961-01-31 1963-06-11 Ingersoll Rand Co Axial flow compressor
GB992141A (en) * 1962-09-26 1965-05-19 Gardner Denver Co A supercharging system for rotary gas compressors
US3279682A (en) * 1963-02-23 1966-10-18 Howden James & Co Ltd Screw air compressors
US3237524A (en) * 1964-11-03 1966-03-01 Svenska Rotor Maskiner Ab Reversible rotary piston motors of the screw rotor type

Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4076468A (en) * 1970-07-09 1978-02-28 Svenska Rotor Maskiner Aktiebolag Multi-stage screw compressor interconnected via communication channel in common end plate
US4389171A (en) * 1981-01-15 1983-06-21 The Trane Company Gas compressor of the scroll type having reduced starting torque
US4639199A (en) * 1983-04-02 1987-01-27 Leybold-Heraeus Gmbh Two-shaft vacuum pump with internal compression
US4588363A (en) * 1984-03-28 1986-05-13 Societe Anonyme D.B.A. Volumetric screw compressor
US4762469A (en) * 1986-03-03 1988-08-09 American Standard Inc. Rotor anti-reverse rotation arrangement in a screw compressor
EP0256234A2 (en) * 1986-06-12 1988-02-24 Hitachi, Ltd. Vacuum generating system
EP0256234A3 (en) * 1986-06-12 1989-11-23 Hitachi, Ltd. Vacuum generating system
US4940398A (en) * 1987-05-15 1990-07-10 Leybold Aktiengesellschaft Twin-shaft, multiple-stage vacuum pump with the shafts vertically disposed
US5244352A (en) * 1988-06-24 1993-09-14 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Multi-stage vacuum pump installation
US4909716A (en) * 1988-10-19 1990-03-20 Dunham-Bush Screw step drive internal volume ratio varying system for helical screw rotary compressor
EP0937894A2 (en) * 1994-08-19 1999-08-25 Diavac Limited Screw fluid machine and screw gear used in the same
EP0937894A3 (en) * 1994-08-19 2000-01-05 Diavac Limited Screw fluid machine and screw gear used in the same
US5816782A (en) * 1995-04-19 1998-10-06 Ebara Corporation Multistage positive-displacement vacuum pump
US5743719A (en) * 1995-07-21 1998-04-28 Anest Iwata Corporation Oil-free scroll vacuum pump having a gas ballast part
US6488488B2 (en) 1999-03-10 2002-12-03 Ghh-Rand Schraubenkompressoren Gmbh Rotary helical screw-type compressor having an intake filter and muffler
WO2001046592A1 (en) * 1999-12-22 2001-06-28 Leybold Vakuum Gmbh Dry compressing vacuum pump having a gas ballast device
US6776588B1 (en) 1999-12-22 2004-08-17 Leybold Vakuum Gmbh Dry compressing vacuum pump having a gas ballast device
US6964560B2 (en) * 2001-09-27 2005-11-15 Taiko Kikai Industries Co., Ltd. Vacuum pump
US20040258551A1 (en) * 2001-09-27 2004-12-23 Masashi Yoshimura Vacuum pump
US6599112B2 (en) * 2001-10-19 2003-07-29 Imperial Research Llc Offset thread screw rotor device
US6719548B1 (en) 2002-10-29 2004-04-13 Imperial Research Llc Twin screw rotor device
US20080226481A1 (en) * 2004-01-23 2008-09-18 Nigel Paul Schofield Screw Vacuum Pump
US8075288B2 (en) * 2004-01-23 2011-12-13 Edwards Limited Screw pump and pumping arrangement
US20090308471A1 (en) * 2008-06-16 2009-12-17 Timothy Keene Heimonen Startup bypass system for a screw compressor
US8801395B2 (en) 2008-06-16 2014-08-12 Gardner Denver, Inc. Startup bypass system for a screw compressor
EP2719899A1 (en) 2009-04-17 2014-04-16 Oerlikon Leybold Vacuum GmbH Screw vacuum pump
US8602759B2 (en) 2009-04-17 2013-12-10 Oerlikon Leybold Vaccum Gmbh Screw-type vacuum pump having overpressure openings
CN102395793A (en) * 2009-04-17 2012-03-28 厄利孔莱博尔德真空技术有限责任公司 Screw-type vacuum pump
WO2010119038A3 (en) * 2009-04-17 2011-06-23 Oerlikon Leybold Vacuum Gmbh Screw-type vacuum pump
CN102395793B (en) * 2009-04-17 2015-04-01 厄利孔莱博尔德真空技术有限责任公司 Screw-type vacuum pump
US20160040669A1 (en) * 2013-05-30 2016-02-11 Orion Machinery Co., Ltd. Two-shaft rotary pump
US10077773B2 (en) * 2013-05-30 2018-09-18 Orion Machinery Co., Ltd. Two-shaft rotary pump with escape holes
RU2689224C2 (en) * 2015-01-15 2019-05-24 Атлас Копко Эрпауэр, Намлозе Веннотсхап Screw element of vacuum pump with oil seal
US10670014B2 (en) 2015-01-15 2020-06-02 Atlas Copco Airpower, Naamloze Vennootschap Oil-injected vacuum pump element

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR1580766A (en) 1969-09-05
CH487343A (en) 1970-03-15
GB1248031A (en) 1971-09-29
DE1728282A1 (en) 1972-08-10

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3677664A (en) Rotary mechanical pumps of the screw type
US4714418A (en) Screw type vacuum pump
US3295752A (en) Rotary vane compressor
US3314597A (en) Screw compressor
RU1771514C (en) Primary tow-stage rotary pump
US4797068A (en) Vacuum evacuation system
KR0133154B1 (en) Screw pump
US3848422A (en) Refrigeration plants
US3462072A (en) Screw rotor machine
US4990069A (en) Multi-stage roots vacuum pump with sealing module
US3260444A (en) Compressor control system
US3707339A (en) Vacuum pumps
US3756753A (en) Two stage screw rotor machines
JPH079239B2 (en) Screw vacuum pump
US4118157A (en) Rotary compressor
GB2111126A (en) Rotary positive-displacement fluid-machines
US3527548A (en) Screw compressor with capacity control
US2633292A (en) Rotary compressor for gas or liquids with rotor eccentrically mounted in cylindrical housing
US3267862A (en) Apparatus for pumping and separating liquid and gaseous fluids
US2693762A (en) Nonpositive screw pump and motor
US3438570A (en) Two stage vacuum pump
US7670119B2 (en) Multistage vacuum pump and a pumping installation including such a pump
US3387772A (en) Rotary vacuum pump
US3057543A (en) Axial flow compressor
US3574491A (en) Gear-type rotary machine