US3670886A - Powder classifier - Google Patents

Powder classifier Download PDF

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Publication number
US3670886A
US3670886A US3670886DA US3670886A US 3670886 A US3670886 A US 3670886A US 3670886D A US3670886D A US 3670886DA US 3670886 A US3670886 A US 3670886A
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Prior art keywords
member
particles
housing
rotor
air
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Masuo Hosokawa
Tohei Yokoyama
Fumio Nakagawa
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Hosokawa Funtai Kogaku Kenkyusho KK
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Hosokawa Funtai Kogaku Kenkyusho KK
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPERATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, OR SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; OTHER SEPARATING BY DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B7/00Selective separation of solid materials carried by, or dispersed in, gas currents
    • B07B7/08Selective separation of solid materials carried by, or dispersed in, gas currents using centrifugal force
    • B07B7/083Selective separation of solid materials carried by, or dispersed in, gas currents using centrifugal force generated by rotating vanes, discs, drums, or brushes

Abstract

A powder classifier having a housing, a rotary member within the housing having two sets of fins separated by a conical member and means for supplying powder to be classified into the bottom of said rotor whereby certain particles will be carried upwardly through the rotor and exhausted while other particles will fall downwardly into a suitable hopper.

Description

United States Patent Hosokawa et al.

[5 1 POWDER CLASSIFIER [72] Inventors: Masuo Hosokawa; Tohei Yokoyama;

Fumlo Nakagawa, all of Osaka, Japan 7 3 Assignee: Hosokawa Funtaikogaku Kenkyusho,

Osaka, Japan [22] Filed: Aug. 5, 1970 [2]] Appl. No.2 61,223

(52] 0.5.0. ..2o9/1a9 A,'209/144,20 9/148 511 lm. Cl ..B07b 7/083 [58} Field of Search ..209/13s,139,144,14s,14s

[56] References Cited- UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,367,636 2/1921 Sturtevant ..209/l39A [451 June 20, 1972 3,040,888 6/1962 Hosokawa etal ..209/ 144 7 3,371,782 3/1968 Meyer et a1 ..209/l44 Primary Examiner-Frank W. Lutter Assistant Examiner-Ralph J. Hill AttomeyEugene E; Geofirey, Jr.

[ ABSTRACT A powder classifier having a housing, a rotary member within the housing having two sets of fins separated by a conical member and means for supplying powderto be classified into the bottom of said rotor whereby certain particles will be carried upwardly through the rotor and exhausted while other particles will fall downwardly into a suitable hopper.

4 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures POWDER CLASSIFIER This invention relates to a powder classifier and more particularly to a novel and improved powder classifier utilizing air for effecting the separation of particles of difi'erent sizes and for the separation of particles of different densities wherein the particles of the powdered material may be substantially uniform in size. v

Prior known classifiers have not been found satisfactory because of relatively low classifying efficiency. With such devices the powdered material was insufi'rciently dispersed and did not exist as individual particles in the air flow. Accordingly, it was diificult toimpart uniform speed of rotation to all particlesand furthermore the air flow was disturbed by secondary flows such as turbulence which prevented proper particle operation.

One object of the invention resides in the provision of a novel and improved powder classifier which will effectively disperse the particles and impart uniform rotation and steady flow to all of the particles and thus effectively and efficiently separate particles of different size or density as the case may be According to the invention the powder classifier is provided with an outer housing and a classifying rotor disposed within the housing. The classifying rotor includes a disk member having a central inlet portfor powder and air, a conical member coaxially aligned with the disk and having its base facing the disk member, a first group of rotating fins radially disposed between the disk member and the base of the conical member and a second group of fins radially disposed about and extending upwardly from the conical member. The air containing the powdered material enters the inlet port of therotating disk member, passes between the first group of radially disposed fins and outwardly into the housing where it then enters the rotor by passing the second group of rotating fins and is then exhausted through an axially disposed rotor opening. During this operation the particles are classified and separated with the fine particles being exhausted with the air upwardly through the rotor opening while the coarse particles will fall and be discharged from the bottom of the housing. In operation the classifying rotor in accordance with the invention imparts rotating motion to the air containing the powdered material with the. result that a centrifugal force is imparted to the particles in accordance with the size or density of each of the particles. The interaction of this centrifugal force and the aerodynamic resistance of the air flow causes the particles to be separated into two groupsas for instance coarse and fine particles size and particles having large and small density.

The above and other objects of the invention will become more apparent from the following description and accompanying drawings forming part of this application.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a vertical cross-sectional view of one embodiment of a powder classifier in accordance with the invention; and

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 1 taken along the line II-Il thereof.

The powder classifier in accordance with the invention includes a cylindrical housing and a classifying rotor generally denoted by the numeral 20. The rotor is coaxially disposed within the housing and is rotated by a drive shaft 21 the upper end being connected to suitable means not shown for effecting rotation of the shaft. The rotor 20 includes a frustoconical member 22 fixed to the shaft 21, a lower disk member 24 having a central inlet port 25 and an upper ring member 26. As will be observed more clearly in FIG. 2, a plurality of radially disposed fins 27 are carried between the conical surface of the frustoconical member 22 and the upper ring member 26. A plurality of radial fins 28 are disposed between the base of the frustoconical member 22 and the lower disk member 24. An inverted cone 23 is concentrically fixed to the underside of the base of the frustoconical member 22, the latter being shown as a hollow body through it may of course be fonrled of a solid material in order to provide a fly-wheel effect. The space 12 between the rotor and the cylindrical housing 10 serves as the classifying cavity.

An inverted conical member 14 is disposed within the housing 10 and immediately below the rotor 20 and the upper edges of the conical member are fixed to the inner wall of the housing 10. This conical member forms the lower classifying means as will be described. 7

The lower portions 18 of the housing 10 forms a hopper for removal of the coarse particles. An air inlet pipe 16 connects with the housing 10 at a point adjoining the lower edge of the inverted conical member 14. As will be observed in FIG. 2, the inlet 16 extends tangentially from the housing 10 which imparts a circular motion to the air entering the housing 10. The top of the housing 10 has a cover 30 which includes an outlet port 32, the latter being connected to a suitable particle collector not shown which may comprise a cyclone or bag filter and an exhaust fan. A feeder pipe 34 enters the bottom of the housing 10 and is disposed coaxially with the rotor 20. The air and powdered material flows through the feeder pipe and upwardly into the rotor 20. To facilitate an explanation of the operation of the structure as described above, the solid arrows indicate the flow of air while the dotted arrows indicate the flow paths of the powdered material. Though the solid arrows are shown on one side of the structure and the dotted arrows on the other side of the structure, this procedure has been followed for purposes of simplification and in practice it is to be understood that the paths of both the air and the particles are intermixed.

The rotor is driven at a predetermined speed by means of the shaft 21 and air is exhausted through the'outlet 32 at a preselected rate by an exhaust fan not shown connected to the outlet port 32. The rate of flow is also controlled by the air flow provided by the inlet pipe 16; Powdered material to be classified is carried by air flowing through the pipe 34 and fed into the inlet port of the rotor 20. The air and the powder are directed horizontally by the guide cone 23 and then passes outwardly between the fins 28 and impinges upon the inner wall of the housing 10. When the powder strikes the inner wall, groups of particles of the powder will be effectively,

broken up. Thus during this portion of the operation, the powdered material is effectively separated into discrete particles.

The separated particles then flow upwardly by reason of the revolving air flow and of the large or heavy particles falling downwardly through the inverted cones 14 by reason of the cavity. There is a tendency for these heavier particles to again enter the rotor 20, but only the smaller or lighter particles will enter the rotor and be carried upwardly to the outlet port 22. Some of the large and heavy particles receive substantial centrifugal force imparted by the rotor 20 and thus overcome the sucking force of the exhaust fan. These particles settle on the wall of the housing and then fall downwardly in the hopper l8.

i The coarse particles which fall downwardly through the inverted cone l4 encounter a second flow of air provided by the pipe 16 which serves as a secondary separating function. At this point the lighter or smaller particles which may be carried by the heavier or coarser particles will again be blown upwardly into the space between the rotor and the housing, and they are ultimately exhausted through the outlet 22. Thus only the purely coarse particles will fall in the hopper l8 and may be removed by any suitable means.

The conical surface of the frustoconical member serves as a so-called rectifying function in that it prevents eddy currents and turbulence near the lower portion of the radial fins 27 and thus causes the air to flow smoothly in an upward direction. A

similar function is obtained by the guide cone 23.

With the invention as described above, the powdered material is effectively separated into discrete particles and is repeatedly and cyclically processed in two stages, one being in the rotor 20 and the other being in the inverted cone 14. Thus the particles are separated with a high degree of accuracy and efficiency. This is particularly the case when separating coarse and fine particles. For example, when powdered heavy calcium carbonate is classified by apparatus in accordance with the invention and it is desired to separate particles greater than 25 microns from particles smaller than 25 microns, the percentage of particles smaller than 25 microns remaining with the coarse particles is less than 5 percent by weight and the.New-

tonian classification efficiency is as high as 85 percent.

The foregoing embodiment of the invention has been shown and described for illustrative purposes and various modifications and changes can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. For example, the radial fins 27 and 28 may be inclined with respect to the radii of the rotor 20 or may be curved. In addition, the 'speed or rotation or rotor 20 and the flow rate of the air flow and the content of the powder in the air can be selected in accordance with the particle size to be classified in order to obtain optimum classifying efficiency.

What is claimed is:

l. A powder classifier comprising a substantially upright cylindrical housing having a fines outlet in the top thereof and a coarse outlet in the bottom thereof, a classifying rotor having a rotating disk member and an inlet port in the center, a rotating conical memberarranged coaxially with said disk member and having a base plane facing said disk member, a

first group of rotating fins radially arranged between 'said disk member andthe base plane of said'conical'member and a second group of rotating fins radially arranged on the conical surface of said conical member said second group of rotating fins radiating from and defining a central space in direct comwall of said housing.

4. A powder classifier, in accordance with claim 1 wherein said cylindrical housing is provided with an air inlet port extending horizontally and tangentially from said housing.

. ll 4 I

Claims (4)

1. A powder classifier comprising a substantially upright cylindrical housing having a fines outlet in the top thereof and a coarse outlet in the bottom thereof, a classifying rotor having a rotating disk member and an inlet port in the center, a rotating conical member arranged coaxially with said disk member and having a base plane facing said disk member, a first group of rotating fins radially arranged between said disk member and the base plane of said conical member and a second group of rotating fins radially arranged on the conical surface of said conical member said second group of rotating fins radiating from and defining a central space in direct communication with said fines outlet, and means for feeding air and powder to be classified into said inlet port of said rotating disk member.
2. A powder classifier, in accordance with claim 1, including an inverted conical guide member concentrically fixed to the base plane of said control member.
3. A powder classifier, in accordance with claim 1 wherein said cylindrical housing is provided with an annular inverted frustoconical member extending downwardly from the inner wall of said housing.
4. A powder classifier, in accordance with claim 1 wherein said cylindrical housing is provided with an air inlet port extending horizontally and tangentially from said housing.
US3670886A 1970-08-05 1970-08-05 Powder classifier Expired - Lifetime US3670886A (en)

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2457719A1 (en) * 1979-05-28 1980-12-26 Hosokawa Micron Kk particle sorting device
US4260478A (en) * 1978-11-24 1981-04-07 Kabushiki Kaisha Hosokawa Funtai Kogaku Kenkyusho Apparatus for classifying particles
US4288317A (en) * 1975-07-29 1981-09-08 A/S Niro Atomizer Method and a system for separating an aqueous suspension containing fibrous particles into fractions of different average characteristics
US4296864A (en) * 1979-07-17 1981-10-27 Onoda Cement Co., Ltd. Air classifier
DE3141610A1 (en) * 1981-09-05 1983-03-17 Yoshimori Giken A method and apparatus for classifying particles
US4523990A (en) * 1984-03-13 1985-06-18 Mikropul Corporation Particulate classifying apparatus
US4551241A (en) * 1984-02-08 1985-11-05 Sturtevant, Inc. Particle classifier
US4602924A (en) * 1983-10-28 1986-07-29 Metallgesellschaft Aktiengesellschaft Centrifugal separator
US4626343A (en) * 1984-08-13 1986-12-02 F. L. Smidth & Co. A/S Separator for sorting particulate material
US4636302A (en) * 1984-06-14 1987-01-13 F. L. Smidth & Co. A/S Separator
US4743363A (en) * 1986-09-25 1988-05-10 The Dexter Corporation Classifying cyclone
US4793917A (en) * 1987-04-15 1988-12-27 Institut Khimii Tverdogo Tela I Pererabotki Mineralnogo Syrya Sibirskogo Otdelenia Akademii Nauk Ussr Centrifugal classifier for superfine powders
US4863605A (en) * 1987-06-29 1989-09-05 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Hydrocyclone with parallel rotor vanes and annular ring members
US4919795A (en) * 1988-01-18 1990-04-24 Onoda Cement Company, Ltd. Leakage prevention apparatus for a classifier
EP0736338A1 (en) * 1995-04-04 1996-10-09 Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Rotary classifier for a roller mill
US5931305A (en) * 1996-06-20 1999-08-03 Nisshin Flour Milling Co., Ltd. Powder classifier
US6276534B1 (en) * 1998-04-03 2001-08-21 Hosokawa Micron Powder Systems Classifier apparatus for particulate matter/powder classifier
US6739456B2 (en) 2002-06-03 2004-05-25 University Of Florida Research Foundation, Inc. Apparatus and methods for separating particles
WO2007006990A2 (en) * 2005-07-07 2007-01-18 Thermya Method for making carbon powder and installation therefor
US20070241035A1 (en) * 2004-05-18 2007-10-18 Jacek Kolacz Particle Classifier
US20090032443A1 (en) * 2007-07-31 2009-02-05 Kenji Taketomi Powder classifying device
US9211547B2 (en) 2013-01-24 2015-12-15 Lp Amina Llc Classifier

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1367636A (en) * 1920-02-16 1921-02-08 Sturtevant Mill Co Air-separator
US3040888A (en) * 1960-01-11 1962-06-26 Hosokawa Eiichi Classifier for pulverized substances
US3371782A (en) * 1964-12-11 1968-03-05 Meyer Paul Centrifugal air classifiers

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1367636A (en) * 1920-02-16 1921-02-08 Sturtevant Mill Co Air-separator
US3040888A (en) * 1960-01-11 1962-06-26 Hosokawa Eiichi Classifier for pulverized substances
US3371782A (en) * 1964-12-11 1968-03-05 Meyer Paul Centrifugal air classifiers

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4288317A (en) * 1975-07-29 1981-09-08 A/S Niro Atomizer Method and a system for separating an aqueous suspension containing fibrous particles into fractions of different average characteristics
US4260478A (en) * 1978-11-24 1981-04-07 Kabushiki Kaisha Hosokawa Funtai Kogaku Kenkyusho Apparatus for classifying particles
US4292172A (en) * 1979-05-28 1981-09-29 Kabushiki Kaisha Hosokawa Funtai Kogaku Kenkyusho Apparatus for classifying particles
FR2457719A1 (en) * 1979-05-28 1980-12-26 Hosokawa Micron Kk particle sorting device
US4296864A (en) * 1979-07-17 1981-10-27 Onoda Cement Co., Ltd. Air classifier
US4470902A (en) * 1981-09-05 1984-09-11 Nobuo Yoshimori Method and apparatus for classifying particles
DE3141610A1 (en) * 1981-09-05 1983-03-17 Yoshimori Giken A method and apparatus for classifying particles
US4602924A (en) * 1983-10-28 1986-07-29 Metallgesellschaft Aktiengesellschaft Centrifugal separator
US4551241A (en) * 1984-02-08 1985-11-05 Sturtevant, Inc. Particle classifier
US4523990A (en) * 1984-03-13 1985-06-18 Mikropul Corporation Particulate classifying apparatus
EP0159766A2 (en) * 1984-03-13 1985-10-30 Hosokawa Micron International Inc. Particulate classifying apparatus
EP0159766A3 (en) * 1984-03-13 1987-03-04 Mikropul Corporation Particulate classifying apparatus
US4636302A (en) * 1984-06-14 1987-01-13 F. L. Smidth & Co. A/S Separator
US4626343A (en) * 1984-08-13 1986-12-02 F. L. Smidth & Co. A/S Separator for sorting particulate material
US4743363A (en) * 1986-09-25 1988-05-10 The Dexter Corporation Classifying cyclone
US4793917A (en) * 1987-04-15 1988-12-27 Institut Khimii Tverdogo Tela I Pererabotki Mineralnogo Syrya Sibirskogo Otdelenia Akademii Nauk Ussr Centrifugal classifier for superfine powders
US4863605A (en) * 1987-06-29 1989-09-05 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Hydrocyclone with parallel rotor vanes and annular ring members
US4919795A (en) * 1988-01-18 1990-04-24 Onoda Cement Company, Ltd. Leakage prevention apparatus for a classifier
EP0736338A1 (en) * 1995-04-04 1996-10-09 Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Rotary classifier for a roller mill
US5657877A (en) * 1995-04-04 1997-08-19 Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Rotary classifier for a roller mill
US5931305A (en) * 1996-06-20 1999-08-03 Nisshin Flour Milling Co., Ltd. Powder classifier
US6276534B1 (en) * 1998-04-03 2001-08-21 Hosokawa Micron Powder Systems Classifier apparatus for particulate matter/powder classifier
US6739456B2 (en) 2002-06-03 2004-05-25 University Of Florida Research Foundation, Inc. Apparatus and methods for separating particles
US20070241035A1 (en) * 2004-05-18 2007-10-18 Jacek Kolacz Particle Classifier
US7900779B2 (en) * 2004-05-18 2011-03-08 Comex As Particle classifier
WO2007006990A2 (en) * 2005-07-07 2007-01-18 Thermya Method for making carbon powder and installation therefor
WO2007006990A3 (en) * 2005-07-07 2007-05-24 Thermya Method for making carbon powder and installation therefor
US20090032443A1 (en) * 2007-07-31 2009-02-05 Kenji Taketomi Powder classifying device
US8100269B2 (en) * 2007-07-31 2012-01-24 Nisshin Seifun Group, Inc. Powder classifying device
US9211547B2 (en) 2013-01-24 2015-12-15 Lp Amina Llc Classifier

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