US3669151A - Hydraulic system accumulator arrangement - Google Patents

Hydraulic system accumulator arrangement Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3669151A
US3669151A US3669151DA US3669151A US 3669151 A US3669151 A US 3669151A US 3669151D A US3669151D A US 3669151DA US 3669151 A US3669151 A US 3669151A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
pressure
piston
area
gas
accumulator
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
William T Fleming
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BLOOM-1 Inc A CORP OF
WALTER KIDDE AEROSPACE Inc 2500 AIRPORT DRIVE WILSON NC 27893 A DE CORP
Original Assignee
Kiddle Walter & Co Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L55/00Devices or appurtenances for use in, or in connection with, pipes or pipe systems
    • F16L55/04Devices damping pulsations or vibrations in fluids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVO-MOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B1/00Installations or systems with accumulators; Supply reservoir or sump assemblies
    • F15B1/02Installations or systems with accumulators
    • F15B1/027Installations or systems with accumulators having accumulator charging devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVO-MOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B1/00Installations or systems with accumulators; Supply reservoir or sump assemblies
    • F15B1/02Installations or systems with accumulators
    • F15B1/04Accumulators
    • F15B1/08Accumulators using a gas cushion; Gas charging devices; Indicators or floats therefor
    • F15B1/24Accumulators using a gas cushion; Gas charging devices; Indicators or floats therefor with rigid separating means, e.g. pistons
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVO-MOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B2201/00Accumulators
    • F15B2201/20Accumulator cushioning means
    • F15B2201/205Accumulator cushioning means using gas
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVO-MOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B2201/00Accumulators
    • F15B2201/30Accumulator separating means
    • F15B2201/31Accumulator separating means having rigid separating means, e.g. pistons
    • F15B2201/312Sealings therefor, e.g. piston rings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVO-MOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B2201/00Accumulators
    • F15B2201/40Constructional details of accumulators not otherwise provided for
    • F15B2201/41Liquid ports
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVO-MOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B2201/00Accumulators
    • F15B2201/40Constructional details of accumulators not otherwise provided for
    • F15B2201/415Gas ports
    • F15B2201/4155Gas ports having valve means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/2496Self-proportioning or correlating systems
    • Y10T137/2559Self-controlled branched flow systems
    • Y10T137/2574Bypass or relief controlled by main line fluid condition
    • Y10T137/2605Pressure responsive
    • Y10T137/2607With pressure reducing inlet valve
    • Y10T137/261Relief port through common sensing means

Abstract

An accumulator arrangement for providing constant pressure high flow rates in hydraulic systems. The accumulator piston has a piston area directly connected to a container of pressurized gas and an annular piston area of larger diameter which is connected to the container through a pressure regulator. The regulator senses the container pressure and the pressure acting on the annular piston area and increases the pressure on the annular piston area as the container pressure decreases during expansion. Between high flow periods, when the accumulator is refilled by hydraulic fluid under pressure, the gas acting on the small diameter piston is recompressed and forced back into the container and the gas acting on the annular piston area is vented to the atmosphere through the regulator.

Description

United States Patent Fleming 1 June 13, 1972 [54] HYDRAULIC SYSTEM ACCUMULATOR ARRANGEMENT S' 'f y g 'f i d J-g;y

sststant xammerc ar er [72] Inventor: William T. Fleming, Boonton, NJ. AZwmEy Darby & Darby [73] Assignee: Kiddie, Walter & Company, Inc., Belleville, NJ. [57] ABSTRACT [22] Filed: No 25, 1969 An accumulator arrangement for providing constant pressure high flow rates in hydraulic systems. The accumulator piston [21] Appl. No.: 879,851 has a piston area directly connected to a container of pressurized gas and an annular piston area of larger diameter which is connected to the container through a pressure regula- (5| ..l38/31, 137/1 16.5,l tor. The regulator senses the container pressure and the pres [58] Fieid "T "138/31 sure acting on the annular piston area and increases the presl37/1165 sure on the annular piston area as the container pressure decreases during expansion. Between high flow periods, when the accumulator is refilled by hydraulic fluid under pressure, [56] References Cited the gas acting on the small diameter piston is recompressed UNITED STATES PATENTS and forced back into the container and the gas acting on the 35 38 8/1912 P 138/31 annular piston area is vented to the atmosphere through the 1,0 6 rescott re ulator 2,397,270 3/1946 Kelly .138/31 X g 2,436,009 2/1948 Kremiller ..138/31 9 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure T0 HYDRAULIC SYSTEM PATENTEDJUM 1 3 1972 3.669.151

TO HYDRAULIC SYSTEM INVENTOR WILLIAM T- F LEMING BY a Q 6? AGENT BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to accumulators, and, more particularly, to accumulators which employ a source of pressurized gas to maintain the hydraulic fluid at a constant pressure as it is being expelled from the accumulator.

In vehicles, particularly air borne vehicles such as aircraft, missiles and space craft, hydraulic systems are frequently used to provide the motive power for the operation of a wide variety of apparatus on board. It is extremely common that during the greater portion of a trip or flight the volume of hydraulic fluid necessary to power apparatus in use is quite low and, during certain periods, a high flow of fluid is required to power additional apparatus. It is common practice to provide a hydraulic pump which produces, at least during a portion of the trip, a flow rate slightly higher than that required. The excess flow is then stored in an accumulator to be available during the peak demand periods.

In the past, systems using a combined pump and accumulator have been of two general types. One type, which is referred to as a closed system type, employs an accumulator in which the excess flow of fluid moves a piston or a bladder against a trapped volume of gas. As the fluid fills the accumulator, the gas is compressed until it is at the output pressure of the pump. After this point is reached, the excess flow is bled back to the pump inlet through a pressure operated valve, or, in systems using a pressure compensated pump, the displacement of the pump is automatically decreased so that the flow provided by the pump matches the demand of the system. In this system, during the high flow periods, the pressure of the fluid delivered by the accumulator drops off rapidly unless a very large accumulator is employed.

The other type of system, referred to as a blow down system, employs in addition to the accumulator a bottle of high pressure gas which is connected to the gas volume in the accumulator through a pressure regulator. The pressure in the bottle is much higher than the required hydraulic pressure and is reduced to the required pressure by the regulator. When high flow is required, gas is introduced into the accumulator and expells the hydraulic fluid at the desired pressure. Between peak demand periods the pump refills the accumulator, however, since the bottle pressure is higher than the pump output pressure, the gas in the accumulator cannot be pumped back into the bottle and must be dumped into the atmosphere. The pressure in the hydraulic system must be maintained at all times, therefore, the pump must compress the gas to bring its pressure somewhat above the required hydraulic pressure before it can be dumped. Since none of the gas which flows into the accumulator can be reclaimed, the work done by the pump in refilling the accumulator is lost and the bottle must contain the entire gas volume required by the accumulator to provide all of the peak flow periods during the trip or flight.

SUMMARY Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a highly efficient accumulator arrangement of minumum size and weight which supplies constant pressure hydraulic fluid.

Another object is to provide such an arrangement wherein a source of pressurized gas is used to expell the fluid during periods of high flow demand and a substantial portion of the gas is recompressed during periods of low fluid flow demand.

The foregoing objects are accomplished by providing in a hydraulic system the combination of an accumulator including a volume for storing hydraulic fluid under pressure, a piston in the accumulator for expelling the stored fluid which has first and second piston areas to be acted upon by pressurized gas, a limited supply of pressurized gas for acting on the piston areas, and a pressure regulator for controlling the pressure acting on the second piston area to maintain the fluid in the volume at constant pressure during expulsion.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS A preferred embodiment of the invention has been chosen for purposes of illustration and description, and is shown in the accompanying drawings, forming a part of the specification, wherein:

The single FIGURE of the drawing is a schematic diagram of an accumulator arrangement embodying the present invention in which the accumulator and pressure regulator are shown in longitudinal section.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to the drawing in detail there is shown an accumulator arrangement in accordance with the present invention which comprises an accumulator 10, a container of pressurized gas 1 l, and a pressure regulator 12.

The accumulator includes a casing 14 and a piston 15. The casing is formed with a large diameter cylinder 16 for storing hydraulic fluid and a co-axial small diameter cylinder 17 for receiving gas under pressure to drive the piston. The cylinder 16 is provided with a hydraulic fluid port 19 in its left end wall 20 (as viewed in the drawing) and a gas port2l in its right end wall 22. The cylinder 17 is provided with a gas port 24 and a vent port 25 in its right end wall 23. The piston 15 is formed with a large diameter section 28 positioned within the cylinder 16 and a small diameter section 29 positioned within the cylinder 17. The piston section 29 is provided with an axial bore 26 to accommodate a pressure relief valve 27 which normally seals the vent port 25.

The relief valve 27 includes a casing having an annular side wall 33 seated in the cylinder wall 26 and an end wall 30 provided with a port 31. Within the casing, a valve member 32 is held in sealing relationship with the port 31 by a spring 34.

The pressure regulator 12 includes a casing 35, a valving assembly 36, and two springs 37 and 39. The casing is formed with a central bore 40 provided with a gas port 41, a left end bore 42 of larger diameter provided with a vent port 44, and a right end bore 45 provided with a gas inlet port 46. An annular valve seat 47 is provided at the junction of the bores 40 and 45.

The valving assembly 36 includes a valve member element 49 and a piston element 50. The element 49 includes a head section 51 within the bore 45 for cooperating with the valve seat 47, a central section 52 of small diameter, and a left end section 54 of larger diameter than the section 52. A bore 55 extends through the head section 51 and the central section 52, and part way through the left end section 54. A larger diameter bore 56 extends from the end of the bore 55 to the end of the section 54. The piston element 50 includes a piston section 57 slidably positioned in the bore 40 and having an annular flange 59 thereon within the bore 42, a small diameter piston element 60 slidably positioned within the bore 56 in the valve member element, a conical formation 61 extending from the section 57 toward the element 60, and a thin section 62 connecting the formation 61 and the piston element 60. An axial bore 64 extends from the left end of the piston element through section 57, the formation 61 and the section 62. A lateral bore 65 provided in the thin section 62 intersects the bore 64. The spring 37 acting upon the piston element 50 and the spring acting upon the head section 51 of the valve member element 49 normally maintain the piston element 60 against the right hand end of the bore 56.

The container of pressurized gas 11 is provided with a valve 66 which is connected to the gas port .24 of the accumulator and to the inlet gas port 46 of the regulator by tubing 67. The gas port 41 of the regulator is connected to the gas port 2! of the accumulator by tubing 69. Tubing 70 extends from the hydraulic fluid port 19 to a conventional hydraulic system (not shown) which includes a pressure compensated hydraulic pump, one or more hydraulicly actuated devices, and appropriate valving for controlling the flow of fluid to the device or devices.

In operation, when the cylinder 16 of the accumulator has been filled with hydraulic fluid under pressure by the opera tion of the hydraulic pump, the valve 66 is fully opened and the system is in condition for use.

The pressure of the gas within the container 11 varies with ambient temperature and it is necessary that the gas initially delivered to the accumulator be at a specific value. Therefore, the container is pressurized so that the container is at that specific pressure when the ambient temperature is at the minimum expected value. Should the ambient temperature be above the minimum value when the valve 66 is opened, the pressure in excess of the specific value is bled off through the relief valve 27.

The pressurized gas acting on the area A, of the piston, which is equal to the cross-sectional area of the cylinder 17, urges the piston toward the fluid outlet 19 with a force sufficient to produce the desired pressure in the fluid within the cylinder 16. The force acting on the piston is balanced by the pressure produced by the pump in the hydraulic system, therefore, the piston does not move as long as the pump can supply the flow demand of the system. When the hydraulic system demands more fluid flow than the pump can supply, the piston moves toward the outlet 19 transferring fluid from the cylinder 16 into the hydraulic system. As the piston 15 moves, the gas driving the piston expands and decreases in pressure. The pressure regulator 12 compensates for this decrease in pressure by introducing pressurized gas into the cylinder 16 behind the piston section 28 to act on the area A The area A is equal to the cross-sectional area of the cylinder 16 minus the area A,. The total force urging the piston 15 toward the outlet 19 is equal to the source pressure P, multiplied by the area A, plus the pressure P acting on the area A multiplied by the area A,,. The pressure regulator 12 functions to maintain this total force constant throughout the stroke of the piston.

In the pressure regulator, the spring 37 which tends to move the piston element 50 and the valve member element 49 upwardly (to permit flow from the inlet 46 to the port 41) is opposed by the source pressure P, acting upon the element 49 and the pressure P, acting on the piston member 50. The source pressure P, acts upon an area A equal to the area defined by the valve seat 47 and the pressure P, acts on an area A, equal to the cross-sectional area of the bore 40 minus the area A,,.

When the sum of the forces produced by the source pressure P, acting on the area A, and by the pressure P, acting on the area A, falls below the force of the spring 37 (e.g. by virtue of a decrease in P,), the valving assembly 36 moves upwardly separating the valve head 51 from the seat 47. Gas then flows past the seat 47 increasing the value of the pressure P to balance the spring force.

The ratio of the area A, to the area A, in the regulator is equal to the ratio of the area A, to the area A, in the accumulator. Therefore, the pressures P, and P acting within the regulator produce a constant force (balanced by the spring 37) which is proportional to the constant force produced by the pressures P, and P acting upon the piston 15. The spring 37 is selected such that the ratio of the spring force to the required piston force is equal to the ratio of A to A, (and A, to A,,).

As the piston 15 moves toward the outlet 19, the value of the source pressure P, constantly decreases due to expansion and the regulator 12 increases the value of the pressure P, to maintain the hydraulic fluid at a constant pressure.

When the period of high flow demand by the hydraulic system has ended, the pump in the system forces fluid back into the accumulator moving the piston 15 to the right. During the period that the accumulator is refilled with hydraulic fluid, the gas acting on the area A, is rccompressed and forced back into the container while the gas acting on the area A, is vented to the atmosphere through the regulator 12. As the piston 15 moves toward the right, the gas acting on the area A, is forced into the regulator and acts on the area A,. The pressure acting on the area A, is now greater than the pressure required in conjunction with the pressure P, to hold the head 51 against the valve seat 47. The force of the gas acting on area A,, aided by the source pressure acting upon the piston element 60, moves the piston section 57 against the spring 37 and separates the conical formation 61 from the edge of the end section 54 of the valve member element 49 to allow gas flow from the port 41 through the bores 65 and 64 to the vent port 44.

A great portion of the gas used during the first high flow demand period is reclaimed during the accumulator refilling operation. After refilling, the source pressure P is somewhat less than the initial value due to the loss of the gas acting on the area A,,. During the next high flow demand period, the regulator compensates for this pressure decrease by providing a somewhat higher P value throughout the period. In this manner, the accumulator arrangement provides constant pressure hydraulic fluid flow throughout many periods of high flow demand using a relatively small volume of pressurized gas.

It will be seen that present invention provides a highly efficient accumulator arrangement of minimum size and weight wherein a source of pressurized gas is used to expell hydraulic fluid at constant pressure during periods of high flow demand and a great portion of the gas is rccompressed during periods of low fluid flow demand.

I claim:

1. In a hydraulic system including an accumulator for storing hydraulic fluid under pressure and a piston movable within the accumulator to effect constant pressure on the fluid, the combination comprising:

first and second pressure surfaces on the piston;

a source of pressurized gas for acting on each of said pressure surfaces;

means for sensing the pressure of said gas on each of said pressure surfaces; and

regulator means for adjusting the pressure of said gas on one of said pressure surfaces in response to a change in pressure of said gas on the other of said pressure surfaces to maintain the total pressure acting on the piston from said source substantially constant.

2. Apparatus as in claim 1 wherein said regulator means comprises means for increasing the pressure of said gas on said second pressure surface as the pressure of said gas on said first pressure surface decreases during movement of said piston.

3. Apparatus according to claim 2 wherein said source is connected to said accumulator to provide free flow between said source and said first piston area whereby gas is returned to said source when the accumulator is refilled with hydraulic fluid.

4. Apparatus according to claim 3 wherein means are provided to vent said second piston area pressure when this pressure exceeds the value supplied by said regulator means whereby the gas acting on said second piston area is vented as said accumulator is being refilled with hydraulic fluid.

5. Apparatus according to claim 4 wherein said regulator means includes movable valve means for controlling gas flow from said source to said second piston area, said movable valve means having a third piston area acted upon by said source pressure and a forth piston area acted upon by said second piston area pressure, said valve means being urged in one direction by the pressure forces acting against said third and forth piston areas, and resilient means biasing said valve means against said pressure forces to allow said gas flow only when the sum of said pressure forces is below a predetermined value.

6. Apparatus according to claim 5 wherein the ratio of said third piston area to said forth piston are is equal to the ratio of said first piston area to said second piston area.

7. Apparatus according to claim 6 wherein said resilient means provides a force having the same ratio to the sum of the forces acting on said first and second piston areas as the ratio which the third piston area has to the first piston area.

8. Apparatus according to claim 5 wherein said movable value means includes a valve member acted upon by said source pressure, a piston member acted upon by said second member and acted upon by said source pressure to cooperate with said second piston area pressure acting on said piston member to produce relative movement between said members when said second piston area pressure increases above the value delivered by said regulator means.

t l t I

Claims (9)

1. In a hydraulic system including an accumulator for storing hydraulic fluid under pressure and a piston movable within the accumulator to effect constant pressure on the fluid, the combination comprising: first and second pressure surfaces on the piston; a source of pressurized gas for acting on each of said pressure surfaces; means for sensing the pressure of said gas on each of said pressure surfaces; and regulator means for adjusting the pressure of said gas on one of said pressure surfaces in response to a change in pressure of said gas on the other of said pressure surfaces to maintain the total pressure acting on the piston from said source substAntially constant.
2. Apparatus as in claim 1 wherein said regulator means comprises means for increasing the pressure of said gas on said second pressure surface as the pressure of said gas on said first pressure surface decreases during movement of said piston.
3. Apparatus according to claim 2 wherein said source is connected to said accumulator to provide free flow between said source and said first piston area whereby gas is returned to said source when the accumulator is refilled with hydraulic fluid.
4. Apparatus according to claim 3 wherein means are provided to vent said second piston area pressure when this pressure exceeds the value supplied by said regulator means whereby the gas acting on said second piston area is vented as said accumulator is being refilled with hydraulic fluid.
5. Apparatus according to claim 4 wherein said regulator means includes movable valve means for controlling gas flow from said source to said second piston area, said movable valve means having a third piston area acted upon by said source pressure and a forth piston area acted upon by said second piston area pressure, said valve means being urged in one direction by the pressure forces acting against said third and forth piston areas, and resilient means biasing said valve means against said pressure forces to allow said gas flow only when the sum of said pressure forces is below a predetermined value.
6. Apparatus according to claim 5 wherein the ratio of said third piston area to said forth piston are is equal to the ratio of said first piston area to said second piston area.
7. Apparatus according to claim 6 wherein said resilient means provides a force having the same ratio to the sum of the forces acting on said first and second piston areas as the ratio which the third piston area has to the first piston area.
8. Apparatus according to claim 5 wherein said movable value means includes a valve member acted upon by said source pressure, a piston member acted upon by said second piston area pressure and movable relative to said valve member, and venting valve means carried by said members for venting the gas acting on said second piston area when there is relative movement between said members.
9. Apparatus according to claim 8 wherein said venting valve means includes a piston element carried by said piston member and acted upon by said source pressure to cooperate with said second piston area pressure acting on said piston member to produce relative movement between said members when said second piston area pressure increases above the value delivered by said regulator means.
US3669151A 1969-11-25 1969-11-25 Hydraulic system accumulator arrangement Expired - Lifetime US3669151A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US87985169 true 1969-11-25 1969-11-25

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3669151A true US3669151A (en) 1972-06-13

Family

ID=25375009

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3669151A Expired - Lifetime US3669151A (en) 1969-11-25 1969-11-25 Hydraulic system accumulator arrangement

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3669151A (en)

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3907001A (en) * 1973-02-12 1975-09-23 Pneumo Dynamics Corp Combination accumulator reservoir
US4031920A (en) * 1972-11-10 1977-06-28 Fitzgerald William Maurice Bar Pressurized hydraulic sump system
US4037625A (en) * 1975-10-09 1977-07-26 Honeywell Inc. Sliding tube fluidic controller
US4187682A (en) * 1979-01-02 1980-02-12 The Boeing Company Constant pressure hydraulic accumulator
US4667473A (en) * 1983-09-26 1987-05-26 Robinson Curtiss W Low compensating accumulator and bungee
US4681136A (en) * 1986-02-07 1987-07-21 Sequeira Richard J Gas flow pulsation dampener and pressure differential control
US4777800A (en) * 1984-03-05 1988-10-18 Vetco Gray Inc. Static head charged hydraulic accumulator
US4972879A (en) * 1988-04-11 1990-11-27 Toshiba Kikai Kabushiki Kaisha Surge-pressure removing system for back-pressure in injection cylinder
US5129427A (en) * 1991-04-17 1992-07-14 The Aro Corporation Pulsation damper for a pumped liquid system
US5277559A (en) * 1992-11-25 1994-01-11 Emson Research, Inc. Sliding seal pump
WO1994018488A1 (en) * 1993-02-09 1994-08-18 Hydraulic Power Systems, Inc. Pulsation damper device
US5353840A (en) * 1991-08-23 1994-10-11 Hydraulic Power Systems, Inc. Pressure response type pulsation damper noise attenuator and accumulator
DE19608582A1 (en) * 1996-03-06 1997-09-11 Rexroth Mannesmann Gmbh Gas spring with floating piston
FR2751591A1 (en) * 1996-07-27 1998-01-30 Amg Motorenbau & Entw Gmbh Device for the transverse stabilization of a motor vehicle
US5971027A (en) * 1996-07-01 1999-10-26 Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation Accumulator for energy storage and delivery at multiple pressures
GB2369654A (en) * 2000-12-02 2002-06-05 Luk Lamellen & Kupplungsbau Hydraulic accumulators
US20080104951A1 (en) * 2006-11-07 2008-05-08 Springett Frank B Subsea pressure accumulator systems
US20080185046A1 (en) * 2007-02-07 2008-08-07 Frank Benjamin Springett Subsea pressure systems for fluid recovery
US20080267786A1 (en) * 2007-02-07 2008-10-30 Frank Benjamin Springett Subsea power fluid recovery systems
US20110139285A1 (en) * 2009-12-10 2011-06-16 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Combination spring and gas filled accumulator
US20110226371A1 (en) * 2010-03-16 2011-09-22 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Accumulator assembly
US20110290496A1 (en) * 2010-05-28 2011-12-01 Mcmiles Barry Gasless Pilot Accumulator
US8281897B1 (en) * 2010-02-02 2012-10-09 Trendsetter Engineering, Inc. Automatic accumulator switching apparatus and system
WO2014000858A1 (en) * 2012-06-30 2014-01-03 Hoerbiger Automatisierungstechnik Holding Gmbh Machine press
US8727018B1 (en) 2013-07-19 2014-05-20 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Charging unit, system and method for activating a wellsite component
US20150184470A1 (en) * 2012-04-12 2015-07-02 Eaton Corporation Plunger-type wire riser tensioner
US20170175778A1 (en) * 2015-12-17 2017-06-22 Rotex Manufacturers And Engineers Private Limited Hydro pneumatic accumulator with internal leak detection

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1035386A (en) * 1909-05-01 1912-08-13 Fred M Prescott Steam Pump Company Air-cushion for pumps.
US2397270A (en) * 1944-02-26 1946-03-26 Adel Prec Products Corp Hydraulic remote-control system
US2436009A (en) * 1943-09-14 1948-02-17 Adel Prec Products Corp Thermal compensator for hydraulic systems

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1035386A (en) * 1909-05-01 1912-08-13 Fred M Prescott Steam Pump Company Air-cushion for pumps.
US2436009A (en) * 1943-09-14 1948-02-17 Adel Prec Products Corp Thermal compensator for hydraulic systems
US2397270A (en) * 1944-02-26 1946-03-26 Adel Prec Products Corp Hydraulic remote-control system

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4031920A (en) * 1972-11-10 1977-06-28 Fitzgerald William Maurice Bar Pressurized hydraulic sump system
US3907001A (en) * 1973-02-12 1975-09-23 Pneumo Dynamics Corp Combination accumulator reservoir
US4037625A (en) * 1975-10-09 1977-07-26 Honeywell Inc. Sliding tube fluidic controller
US4187682A (en) * 1979-01-02 1980-02-12 The Boeing Company Constant pressure hydraulic accumulator
US4667473A (en) * 1983-09-26 1987-05-26 Robinson Curtiss W Low compensating accumulator and bungee
US4777800A (en) * 1984-03-05 1988-10-18 Vetco Gray Inc. Static head charged hydraulic accumulator
US4681136A (en) * 1986-02-07 1987-07-21 Sequeira Richard J Gas flow pulsation dampener and pressure differential control
US4972879A (en) * 1988-04-11 1990-11-27 Toshiba Kikai Kabushiki Kaisha Surge-pressure removing system for back-pressure in injection cylinder
US5129427A (en) * 1991-04-17 1992-07-14 The Aro Corporation Pulsation damper for a pumped liquid system
US5353840A (en) * 1991-08-23 1994-10-11 Hydraulic Power Systems, Inc. Pressure response type pulsation damper noise attenuator and accumulator
US5277559A (en) * 1992-11-25 1994-01-11 Emson Research, Inc. Sliding seal pump
WO1994018488A1 (en) * 1993-02-09 1994-08-18 Hydraulic Power Systems, Inc. Pulsation damper device
DE19608582A1 (en) * 1996-03-06 1997-09-11 Rexroth Mannesmann Gmbh Gas spring with floating piston
DE19608582B4 (en) * 1996-03-06 2006-07-13 Bosch Rexroth Aktiengesellschaft Hydrojacks for smoothing pressure surge in the return line of a hydraulic system and hydraulic system with such a hydrojacks
DE19608582C5 (en) * 1996-03-06 2013-04-25 Bosch Rexroth Aktiengesellschaft Hydrojacks for smoothing pressure surge in the return line of a hydraulic system and hydraulic system with such a hydrojacks
US5971027A (en) * 1996-07-01 1999-10-26 Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation Accumulator for energy storage and delivery at multiple pressures
FR2751591A1 (en) * 1996-07-27 1998-01-30 Amg Motorenbau & Entw Gmbh Device for the transverse stabilization of a motor vehicle
GB2369654A (en) * 2000-12-02 2002-06-05 Luk Lamellen & Kupplungsbau Hydraulic accumulators
US20080104951A1 (en) * 2006-11-07 2008-05-08 Springett Frank B Subsea pressure accumulator systems
US7520129B2 (en) 2006-11-07 2009-04-21 Varco I/P, Inc. Subsea pressure accumulator systems
US20080185046A1 (en) * 2007-02-07 2008-08-07 Frank Benjamin Springett Subsea pressure systems for fluid recovery
US7926501B2 (en) 2007-02-07 2011-04-19 National Oilwell Varco L.P. Subsea pressure systems for fluid recovery
US8464525B2 (en) 2007-02-07 2013-06-18 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Subsea power fluid recovery systems
US20080267786A1 (en) * 2007-02-07 2008-10-30 Frank Benjamin Springett Subsea power fluid recovery systems
US8387665B2 (en) * 2009-12-10 2013-03-05 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Combination spring and gas filled accumulator
US20110139285A1 (en) * 2009-12-10 2011-06-16 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Combination spring and gas filled accumulator
US8281897B1 (en) * 2010-02-02 2012-10-09 Trendsetter Engineering, Inc. Automatic accumulator switching apparatus and system
US20110226371A1 (en) * 2010-03-16 2011-09-22 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Accumulator assembly
US9038668B2 (en) * 2010-03-16 2015-05-26 Gm Global Technology Operations, Llc Accumulator assembly
US8939215B2 (en) * 2010-05-28 2015-01-27 The Subsea Company Gasless pilot accumulator
US20110290496A1 (en) * 2010-05-28 2011-12-01 Mcmiles Barry Gasless Pilot Accumulator
US20150184470A1 (en) * 2012-04-12 2015-07-02 Eaton Corporation Plunger-type wire riser tensioner
US9353581B2 (en) * 2012-04-12 2016-05-31 Eaton Corporation Plunger-type wire riser tensioner
CN104395064A (en) * 2012-06-30 2015-03-04 贺尔碧格自动化技术控股股份有限公司 Machine press
WO2014000858A1 (en) * 2012-06-30 2014-01-03 Hoerbiger Automatisierungstechnik Holding Gmbh Machine press
US8727018B1 (en) 2013-07-19 2014-05-20 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Charging unit, system and method for activating a wellsite component
US20170175778A1 (en) * 2015-12-17 2017-06-22 Rotex Manufacturers And Engineers Private Limited Hydro pneumatic accumulator with internal leak detection
US9709077B2 (en) * 2015-12-17 2017-07-18 ROTEX Manufacturers and Engineers Limited Hydro pneumatic accumulator with internal leak detection

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3532391A (en) Nonskid brake system having highpressure accumulator and reciprocating pump
US3229589A (en) Impact tool and pneumatic piston return system therefor
US3163985A (en) Hydraulic energy storage system
US4991651A (en) Pipeline packer for plugging a pipeline at a desired location
US4915126A (en) Method and arrangement for changing the pressure in pneumatic or hydraulic systems
US5243761A (en) Portable rescue tool
US4445532A (en) Pressure regulator system
US3059433A (en) Pressure and force multiplying devices
US4049367A (en) Apparatus for generating shock waves by means of a supersonic projectile
US3756666A (en) Hydraulic brake servo arrangement
US4278403A (en) Control for hydraulic accumulator system
US2425000A (en) Apparatus for automatically controlling pressure and temperature within aircraft cabins
US5026259A (en) Miniaturized pressurization system
US4928487A (en) Control apparatus for double acting hydraulic cylinder units
US5522212A (en) Rod equal displacement cylinder in a rapid transfer and feed system
US4597263A (en) Pull type installation tool
US2264375A (en) Unloading valve
US3575192A (en) Vehicle hydraulic system and pressure regulator therefor
US2316445A (en) Pressure regulator
US2178310A (en) Motor compressor
US2701441A (en) Pressurized feed for jet propulsion systems
US5454408A (en) Variable-volume storage and dispensing apparatus for compressed natural gas
US3972652A (en) Variable volume clearance chamber for compressors
US2989899A (en) Missile launcher air eject system-power plant and control system
US4061271A (en) Control system for high pressure hydraulic system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: KIDDE, INC.

Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNORS:HIMP-2 INC.;HIMP-2 INC. (CHANGED TO);REEL/FRAME:005046/0017

Effective date: 19880331

Owner name: WALTER KIDDE AEROSPACE, INC., 2500 AIRPORT DRIVE,

Free format text: NUNC PRO TUNC ASSIGNMENT;ASSIGNOR:KIDDE, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004996/0116

Effective date: 19880402

AS Assignment

Owner name: BLOOM-1 INC., A CORP. OF DE

Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:KIDDE INC.;REEL/FRAME:005359/0391

Effective date: 19880331