US3664328A - Cancer test specimen gathering device - Google Patents

Cancer test specimen gathering device Download PDF

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Publication number
US3664328A
US3664328A US3664328DA US3664328A US 3664328 A US3664328 A US 3664328A US 3664328D A US3664328D A US 3664328DA US 3664328 A US3664328 A US 3664328A
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Prior art keywords
tube
balloon
gathering
device
bulb
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Expired - Lifetime
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Henry Dinwoodey Moyle Jr
William Bates
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WILLIAM BATES
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WILLIAM BATES
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B10/00Other methods or instruments for diagnosis, e.g. instruments for taking a cell sample, for biopsy, for vaccination diagnosis; Sex determination; Ovulation-period determination; Throat striking implements
    • A61B10/02Instruments for taking cell samples or for biopsy
    • A61B10/0291Instruments for taking cell samples or for biopsy for uterus

Abstract

A cervical cancer test specimen gathering device for use in the home. The device includes an insertion tube and a sampling balloon normally collapsed within one end of the tube. A manually collapsible, self-restoring bulb is connected to the other end of the tube. A layer of specimen gathering material is mounted on the balloon for movement by the balloon from the interior of the tube to an exterior sampling position and back whenever the bulb is collapsed and released.

Description

United States Patent Moyle, Jr. et a1.

[54] CANCER TEST SPECIIVIEN GATHERING DEVICE [72] Inventors: Henry Dinwoodey Moyle, Jr., 5600 Holladay Blvd, Salt Lake City, Utah 84121; William Bates, 4700 Idlewild Circle, Salt Lake City, Utah 84117 [22] Filed: Apr. 28, 1971 [21] Appl. No.: 138,323

Related US. Application Data [63] Continuation of Ser. No. 810,299, Man, 1969, abandoned.

[52] US. Cl ..l28/2 B, 128/344 [51] Int. Cl. ..A6lb l0/00 [58] Field of Search ..l28/2 R, 2 B, 2 W, 246, 344; 46/87, 90

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 348,843 9/1886 Hamilton ..128/5 2,701,559 2/1955 Cooper.... ...128/344X 2,919,697 1/1960 Kim 51 May 23,1972

3,037,495 6/1962 Naz 128/2 3,087,493 4/1963 Schossow ...l28/344 X 3,168,092 2/1965 S1lverman ...128/344 X 3,417,746 12/1968 Moore et al ,.128/6 3,433,214 3/1969 S1lverman ..128/2 3,502,069 3/ 1970 S1lverman ..128/2 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 392,619 10/1908 France ..l28/246 215,350 2/1908 Germany ..l28/2 Primary Examinerl(yle L. Howell AttameyRichards, Harris & Hubbard ABSTRACT A cervical cancer test specimen gathering device for use in the home. The device includes an insertion tube and a sampling balloon normally collapsed within one end of the tube. A manually collapsible, self-restoring bulb is connected to the other end of the tube. A layer of specimen gathering material is mounted on the balloon for movement by the balloon from the interior of the tube to an exterior sampling position and back whenever the bulb is collapsed and released.

1 Claim, 3 Drawing Figures ?ATENTEUMAY 2 3 I972 INVENTORS WILLIAM BATES HENRY D. MOYLE, JR.

ATTORNEYS CANCER TEST SPECIMEN GATHERING DEVICE This is a continuation of application Ser. No. 810,299, filed Mar. 25, 1969, now abandoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION It is well known that women tend to develop cervical cancer. Because of this tendency, it is highly desirable that women be periodically tested for symptoms of such cancer. Heretofore, many women have neglected to have cervical cancer tests performed because of long distances separating them from the nearest doctors office and because of the expense involved in traveling to a doctors office, having an examination performed, etc. This invention relates to a device which permits the taking of cervical cancer test specimens in the home for subsequent mailing to a doctor. By use of the invention the need of traveling to a doctors office to have a cervical cancer test performed is eliminated.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In the preferred embodiment, this invention comprises a normally collapsed flexible cancer specimen gathering member that is positioned in its collapsed state, expanded to collect a sample, and collapsed for removal. Preferably, the

. gathering member is normally positioned within a tube which extends to a bulb. The bulb is squeezed to expand the sampling member out of the tube to a sampling positions and is released to withdraw the sampling member into the tube for removal.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING A more complete understanding of the invention may be had by referring to the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the drawing, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a cancer test specimen gathering device employing the invention in which certain- DETAILED DESCRIPTION Referring now to the drawing, like reference numerals designate like parts throughout the several views. Referring particularly to FIG. 1, there is shown a cervical cancer test specimen gathering device employing the present invention. The gathering device 10 includes a flexible sampling balloon 12 having a coating of fibrous, flocculent material 14 extending over its exterior surface. The sampling balloon 12 is normally collapsed into the interior of an insertion tube 16.

The insertion tube 16 is preferably at least semi-rigid in construction. The tube 16 is provided with a pair of reference rings 18 and 20 which extend around the exterior of the tube 16 and which preferably are of different colors, such as red and blue.

A manually collapsible, self-restoring bulb 22 is connected to the end of the tube 16 opposite the sampling balloon 12. The tube 16 forms an air-tight connection between the bulb 22 and the balloon 12 so that when the bulb 22 is squeezed, the balloon is forced out of the opposite end of the tube 16. Preferably, the balloon 12, the tube 16 and the bulb 22 are all formed from an inexpensive, sterilizable material, such as plastic.

In use, the cervical cancer test specimen gathering device 10 is initially sterilized and is supplied to a woman to be tested in a sealed container (not shown). When a cervical cancer test specimen is to be taken, the device 10 is removed from its container and the tube 16 of the device 10 is inserted into the vaginal canal until the reference ring 18 on the tube 16 is reached. The tube 16 is then withdrawn to the point indicated by the reference ring 20.

When the tube 16 is properly positioned, the bulb 18 is squeezed. This drives the sampling balloon 12 out of the end of the tube 16 which in turn moves the layer of material 14 from the interior of the tube 16 to the exterior thereof. As is shown in FIG. 2, the use of the reference rings 18 and 20 on the tube 16 assures the proper positioning of the layer of material 14 on the expanded balloon 12 at the end of the vaginal canal 24 adjacent the cervix 26.

When the sampling balloon 12 is in the sampling position, the device 10 is rotated. This causes the layer of material 14 to contact and work the walls of the vaginal canal 24 adjacent the cervix 26. The layer of material 14 is both absorbent and somewhat abrasive so that as the device 10 is rotated, a sample of any material located in the portion of the vaginal canal 24 adjacent the cervix 26 is collected on the layer of material 14 on the expanded sampling balloon 12.

When the taking of the sample has been completed, the bulb 18 is released. This withdraws the sampling balloon 12 back into the interior of the tube 16 which in turn moves the layer of material 14 back into the tube 16. The tube 16 is then withdrawn from the vaginal canal.

After withdrawal of the tube 16, the bulb 22 is again squeezed to force the sampling balloon 12 out of the end of the tube 16. The layer 14 on the balloon 12 is then wiped across a conventional laboratory slide 28 in the manner shown in FIG. 3. This deposits the materialcollected on the layer 14 onto the slide 28 which is preferably pre-coated with a specimen preserving material. The slide 28 is then mailed to a doctor in a sterile package (not shown). Both the laboratory slide 28 and the package are initially supplied with the cancer testing device 10. Alternatively, the balloon 12 may be snipped from the tube 16 and inserted into a bottle filled with specimen preserving liquid. In such a case the balloon itself is mailed to the doctor.

While the device 10 may have any suitable dimensions, in the preferred embodiment the tube 16 has a total length of centimeters and has an outside diameter of one-half inch. Preferably, the reference line 20 is positioned 2 centimeters from the bulb 22, the reference line 18 is positioned l centimeter from the line 20, and the end of the tube 16 opposite the bulb 22 is positioned 9 centimeters from the line 18. Such a device is suitable for taking cervical cancer test specimens from virtually any adult woman and functions to introduce the balloon 12 into the vaginal canal, gather a cervical cancer test sample and remove the balloon 12 without contamination of the specimen by materials in the vaginal canal either during insertion or removal.

Although only one embodiment of the device is shown in the drawing and described in the foregoing specification, it will be understood that the invention is not limited to the embodiment disclosed but is capable of rearrangement, modification and substitution of parts and elements without departing from the spirit of the invention.

What is claimed is:

l. The cancer test specimen gathering device comprising:

a substantially rigid, hollow tube having a predetermined diameter;

a sample gathering balloon secured in fluid-tight relation to and normally housed within and protected by one end of the tube and extendable and expandable axially therefrom to a sample gathering position located outside said one end of the tube and into a spherical configuration characterized by a diameter substantially greater than that of the tube and by a predetermined volume; and

a manually collapsible self-restoring bulb having a volume substantially greater than that of the sample gathering balloon and secured in fluid-tight relation to the other end of the tube so that the balloon is automatically expanded to the sample gathering position and into the spherical configuration upon a single collapse of the bulb and is automatically retracted into said one end of the tube whenever the bulb is released.

Claims (1)

1. The cancer test specimen gathering device comprising: a substantially rigid, hollow tube having a predetermined diameter; a sample gathering balloon secured in fluid-tight relation to and normally housed within and protected by one end of the tube and extendable and expandable axially therefrom to a sample gathering position located outside said one end of the tube and into a spherical configuration characterized by a diameter substantially greater than that of the tube and by a predetermined volume; and a manually collapsible self-restoring bulb having a volume substantially greater than that of the sample gathering balloon and secured in fluid-tight relation to the other end of the tube so that the balloon is automatically expanded to the sample gathering position and into the spherical configuration upon a single collapse of the bulb and is automatically retracted into said one end of the tube whenever the bulb is released.
US3664328A 1971-04-28 1971-04-28 Cancer test specimen gathering device Expired - Lifetime US3664328A (en)

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Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3776219A (en) * 1972-09-15 1973-12-04 Metpath Inc Cervical scraper
US3800781A (en) * 1972-05-30 1974-04-02 K Zalucki Specimen-taking device
WO1980001647A1 (en) * 1979-02-14 1980-08-21 Us Commerce Balloon catheter and technique for the manufacture thereof
US4465072A (en) * 1983-02-22 1984-08-14 Taheri Syde A Needle catheter
US4467816A (en) * 1978-03-23 1984-08-28 Battelle-Institut E.V. Device for collecting cell material
WO1985000100A1 (en) * 1983-06-24 1985-01-17 Project U Improved endometrial cytologic sampling apparatus and method
US4877037A (en) * 1985-11-12 1989-10-31 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Tissue or mucus sampling device
US4979947A (en) * 1985-10-10 1990-12-25 Berman Irwin R Encapsulated expandible continence device
US5184626A (en) * 1991-05-21 1993-02-09 Hicken William J Brush overlay Pap smear
WO1994023787A1 (en) * 1993-04-22 1994-10-27 Rammler David H Sampling balloon catheter
EP0697835A1 (en) * 1993-04-23 1996-02-28 St. Mary's Hospital And Medical Center, Inc. Cytological sampling method and device
EP0746226A1 (en) * 1993-12-30 1996-12-11 Boston Scientific Corporation Bodily sample collection
US5649902A (en) * 1988-07-22 1997-07-22 Yoon; Inbae Multifunctional devices for endoscopic surgical procedures
US5919145A (en) * 1993-12-30 1999-07-06 Boston Scientific Corporation Bodily sample collection balloon catheter
US6306144B1 (en) 1996-11-01 2001-10-23 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Selective coating of a balloon catheter with lubricious material for stent deployment
WO2001037738A3 (en) * 1999-11-29 2002-01-17 Ampersand Medical Corp Cervical screening system
US6352513B1 (en) 1999-06-25 2002-03-05 Ampersand Medical Corporation Personal cervical cell collector
US6475164B2 (en) 1999-11-29 2002-11-05 Ampersand Medical Corporation Physician's collector
WO2006003447A1 (en) * 2004-07-07 2006-01-12 Colonix Limited Colorectal cell sampling device
WO2007080410A1 (en) * 2006-01-12 2007-07-19 Colonix Limited Cell sampling kit
US20140188126A1 (en) * 2011-06-02 2014-07-03 Air Bag One Sarl Device for extracting elements from cavities, which uses a bag for extraction and an applicator
WO2015089422A1 (en) * 2013-12-12 2015-06-18 Case Western Reserve University Device for collecting a biological sample
US20150230781A1 (en) * 2004-07-07 2015-08-20 Colonix Limited Colorectal Cell Sampling Device
US9186129B2 (en) 2011-05-26 2015-11-17 Adn International, Llc Expandable device for tissue collection from an aerodigestive body lumen
JP2016511023A (en) * 2013-02-01 2016-04-14 エヌビジョン メディカル コーポレーション Method and apparatus for tubal diagnosis
WO2017037484A3 (en) * 2015-08-31 2017-06-01 Dolhay Kft. Exudate sampling device

Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US348843A (en) * 1886-09-07 Rectal
FR392619A (en) * 1908-03-28 1908-12-01 Paul Bethge Flipper syringe for urethra
US2701559A (en) * 1951-08-02 1955-02-08 William A Cooper Apparatus for exfoliating and collecting diagnostic material from inner walls of hollow viscera
US2919697A (en) * 1958-10-08 1960-01-05 Kim Se Kyong Catheters
US2955592A (en) * 1955-12-29 1960-10-11 Kenneth S Maclean Diagnostic instrument
US3037495A (en) * 1959-07-17 1962-06-05 John F Naz Biopsy device
US3087493A (en) * 1960-04-27 1963-04-30 George W Schossow Endotracheal tube
US3168092A (en) * 1961-06-15 1965-02-02 Silverman Daniel Medical probing instrument having flexible, extrudable tubing adapted to be extraverted under pressure into a body cavity
US3417746A (en) * 1968-02-27 1968-12-24 Welch Allyn Inc Illuminating endoscope with disposable elements
US3433214A (en) * 1965-10-20 1969-03-18 Daniel Silverman Method and apparatus for everting under pressure a tubular probe into a body cavity
US3502069A (en) * 1965-10-20 1970-03-24 Daniel Silverman Method and apparatus for placing in and retrieving a tubular probe from a body cavity

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE215350C (en) *
US348843A (en) * 1886-09-07 Rectal
FR392619A (en) * 1908-03-28 1908-12-01 Paul Bethge Flipper syringe for urethra
US2701559A (en) * 1951-08-02 1955-02-08 William A Cooper Apparatus for exfoliating and collecting diagnostic material from inner walls of hollow viscera
US2955592A (en) * 1955-12-29 1960-10-11 Kenneth S Maclean Diagnostic instrument
US2919697A (en) * 1958-10-08 1960-01-05 Kim Se Kyong Catheters
US3037495A (en) * 1959-07-17 1962-06-05 John F Naz Biopsy device
US3087493A (en) * 1960-04-27 1963-04-30 George W Schossow Endotracheal tube
US3168092A (en) * 1961-06-15 1965-02-02 Silverman Daniel Medical probing instrument having flexible, extrudable tubing adapted to be extraverted under pressure into a body cavity
US3433214A (en) * 1965-10-20 1969-03-18 Daniel Silverman Method and apparatus for everting under pressure a tubular probe into a body cavity
US3502069A (en) * 1965-10-20 1970-03-24 Daniel Silverman Method and apparatus for placing in and retrieving a tubular probe from a body cavity
US3417746A (en) * 1968-02-27 1968-12-24 Welch Allyn Inc Illuminating endoscope with disposable elements

Cited By (41)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3800781A (en) * 1972-05-30 1974-04-02 K Zalucki Specimen-taking device
US3776219A (en) * 1972-09-15 1973-12-04 Metpath Inc Cervical scraper
US4467816A (en) * 1978-03-23 1984-08-28 Battelle-Institut E.V. Device for collecting cell material
WO1980001647A1 (en) * 1979-02-14 1980-08-21 Us Commerce Balloon catheter and technique for the manufacture thereof
US4254774A (en) * 1979-02-14 1981-03-10 The United States Of America As Represented By The Department Of Health, Education And Welfare Balloon catheter and technique for the manufacture thereof
US4465072A (en) * 1983-02-22 1984-08-14 Taheri Syde A Needle catheter
WO1985000100A1 (en) * 1983-06-24 1985-01-17 Project U Improved endometrial cytologic sampling apparatus and method
US4979947A (en) * 1985-10-10 1990-12-25 Berman Irwin R Encapsulated expandible continence device
US4877037A (en) * 1985-11-12 1989-10-31 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Tissue or mucus sampling device
US5649902A (en) * 1988-07-22 1997-07-22 Yoon; Inbae Multifunctional devices for endoscopic surgical procedures
US5184626A (en) * 1991-05-21 1993-02-09 Hicken William J Brush overlay Pap smear
WO1994023787A1 (en) * 1993-04-22 1994-10-27 Rammler David H Sampling balloon catheter
EP0697835A1 (en) * 1993-04-23 1996-02-28 St. Mary's Hospital And Medical Center, Inc. Cytological sampling method and device
EP0697835A4 (en) * 1993-04-23 1997-07-30 St Mary S Hospital And Medical Cytological sampling method and device
EP0746226A1 (en) * 1993-12-30 1996-12-11 Boston Scientific Corporation Bodily sample collection
EP0746226A4 (en) * 1993-12-30 1998-05-13 Boston Scient Corp Bodily sample collection
US5919145A (en) * 1993-12-30 1999-07-06 Boston Scientific Corporation Bodily sample collection balloon catheter
US20030125664A1 (en) * 1995-03-24 2003-07-03 Sydney Gregory T. Selective coating of a balloon catheter with lubricious material for stent deployment
US7476214B2 (en) 1995-03-24 2009-01-13 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Selective coating of a balloon catheter with lubricious material for stent deployment
US6890348B2 (en) 1995-03-24 2005-05-10 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Selective coating of a balloon catheter with lubricious material for stent deployment
US20090182408A1 (en) * 1995-03-24 2009-07-16 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Selective Coating of a Balloon Catheter with Lubricious Material for Stent Deployment
US20050080477A1 (en) * 1995-03-24 2005-04-14 Sydney Gregory T. Selective coating of a balloon catheter with lubricious material for stent deployment
US6458138B1 (en) 1995-03-24 2002-10-01 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Selective coating of a balloon catheter with lubricious material for stent deployment
US6306144B1 (en) 1996-11-01 2001-10-23 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Selective coating of a balloon catheter with lubricious material for stent deployment
US6352513B1 (en) 1999-06-25 2002-03-05 Ampersand Medical Corporation Personal cervical cell collector
WO2001037738A3 (en) * 1999-11-29 2002-01-17 Ampersand Medical Corp Cervical screening system
US6663576B2 (en) 1999-11-29 2003-12-16 Molecular Diagnostics, Inc. Cervical screening system
US6475164B2 (en) 1999-11-29 2002-11-05 Ampersand Medical Corporation Physician's collector
US9339259B2 (en) * 2004-07-07 2016-05-17 Colonix Limited Colorectal cell sampling device
US20080097238A1 (en) * 2004-07-07 2008-04-24 Alexandre Loktionov Colorectal Cell Sampling Device
US8992438B2 (en) * 2004-07-07 2015-03-31 Colonix Limited Colorectal cell sampling device
JP4865709B2 (en) * 2004-07-07 2012-02-01 コロニックス・リミテッド Colorectal cell sampling device as well as a kit comprising the device
WO2006003447A1 (en) * 2004-07-07 2006-01-12 Colonix Limited Colorectal cell sampling device
US20150230781A1 (en) * 2004-07-07 2015-08-20 Colonix Limited Colorectal Cell Sampling Device
WO2007080410A1 (en) * 2006-01-12 2007-07-19 Colonix Limited Cell sampling kit
US9186129B2 (en) 2011-05-26 2015-11-17 Adn International, Llc Expandable device for tissue collection from an aerodigestive body lumen
US20140188126A1 (en) * 2011-06-02 2014-07-03 Air Bag One Sarl Device for extracting elements from cavities, which uses a bag for extraction and an applicator
JP2016511023A (en) * 2013-02-01 2016-04-14 エヌビジョン メディカル コーポレーション Method and apparatus for tubal diagnosis
EP3079598A4 (en) * 2013-12-12 2017-11-15 Univ Case Western Reserve Device for collecting a biological sample
WO2015089422A1 (en) * 2013-12-12 2015-06-18 Case Western Reserve University Device for collecting a biological sample
WO2017037484A3 (en) * 2015-08-31 2017-06-01 Dolhay Kft. Exudate sampling device

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