US3664169A - Wire drawing apparatus - Google Patents

Wire drawing apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3664169A
US3664169A US3664169DA US3664169A US 3664169 A US3664169 A US 3664169A US 3664169D A US3664169D A US 3664169DA US 3664169 A US3664169 A US 3664169A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
wire
dies
die
rollers
roller
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Werner Henrich
Original Assignee
Werner Henrich
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE19691946221 priority Critical patent/DE1946221A1/en
Application filed by Werner Henrich filed Critical Werner Henrich
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3664169A publication Critical patent/US3664169A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C1/00Manufacture of metal sheets, metal wire, metal rods, metal tubes by drawing
    • B21C1/02Drawing metal wire or like flexible metallic material by drawing machines or apparatus in which the drawing action is effected by drums
    • B21C1/04Drawing metal wire or like flexible metallic material by drawing machines or apparatus in which the drawing action is effected by drums with two or more dies operating in series

Abstract

A wire drawing apparatus has a plurality of vertically spaded wire drawing dies arranged in a plurality of drawing stages positioned in side-by-side relationship. Drive rollers are positioned respectively above each of the dies to draw the wire vertically upwardly therethrough and additional rollers are employed to change the direction of wire between drawing stages so that the wire emerging from the top of one drawing stage enters at the bottom of the next drawing stage. The dies are self-centering under the action of the upwardly moving wire.

Description

United States Patent Henrich 1 May 23,1972
[$4] W'IRE DRAWING APPARATUS [72] Inventor: Werner Henrlch, 6349 Horbach (Dill kreis), Am Wachtgeipfel, Germany [22] Filed: Jan. 8, 1970 [21] Appl.No.: 1,370
[30] Foreign Application Priority Data Sept. 12, 1969 Germany ..P 19 46 221.6
[52] US. Cl ..72l278, 72/285, 72/289, 72/467 [51] Int. Cl. ..B2lc 1/04, B216 3/00 [58] Field oISearch ..72/278, 279, 281, 282, 285, 72/287, 288, 289, 473, 467
[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,370,973 3/1945 Lang...
[(20,067 8/1936 Busey ..72/467 2,199,496 5/1940 Johnson ..72/281 2,138,201 1l/l938 Whittaker ..72/281 1,693,224 11/1928 Darmstadt et a1. 72/285 2,370,806 3/1945 MacDonald et al. 72/278 2,199,494 5/1940 Johnson 72/ 279 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 655,569 7/1951 Great Britain ..72/2 79 Primary Examiner-Charles W. Lanham Assistant ExaminerMichael J. Keenan Attorney-Edmund M. .laskiewicz ABSTRACT 4 Clairm, 1 Drawing Figure PATENTEDmza m2 3.664.169
r l w J r 4 m 3 VT @Gj INVENTOR WERNER HENRICH ATTORNEY WIRE DRAWING APPARATUS The present invention relates to an apparatus for drawing wire through dies by means of rollers, more particularly, to a vertical arrangment of the dies and rollers and the self-centering of the dies during the wire drawing operation.
A conventional form of a wire drawing machine is provided with sets of rollers or pulleys with each set comprising several rollers of various diameters fixed onto a common shaft. The wire travels between the sets from the roller of smaller diameter to the roller of the next larger diameter while passing through dies positioned between the rollers. The progressively increasing roller diameters are so selected to compensate for the elongation of the wire during the drawing operation so that each roller can be driven at the same rotary or angular speed. The peripheral speeds of the rollers are thus progressively increased as the linear speed of the wire increases as the result of successive drawing operations.
This known arrangement of rollers and dies has several disadvantages. The individual rollers of a set of rollers having progressively increasing diameters wear at different rates during the drawing process. Since a set of rollers is mounted upon a common shaft it is necessary that the entire shaft be replaced or repaired when a single roller wears to such an extent that it can no longer be used. The handling and repair of a complete set of rollers to correct a single roller results in considerable waste in both labor and material.
Another disadvantage is that the wire between roller sets is always at an angle to the rollers and dies since the wire must be displaced laterally as it travels between the individual rollers of the sets. Since the wire enters and leaves each roller at an angle there results a unilateral and non-uniform wear of the rollers. In addition there is a non-uniform wear of the dies since the wire is always passing through a die at a slight angle from the perpendicular. Such non-uniform wear of the dies is particularly disadvantageous since wire drawing dies, particularly dies used for the thin drawing of wire, are extremely expensive.
A further disadvantage is that the above arrangement does not permit relatively high drawing speeds because of the additional traction forces acting on the bearings of the shafts upon which the rollers are mounted.
[t is therefore the principal object of the present invention to provide a novel and improved arrangement for drawing of wire by means of rollers through dies of a wire drawing machine.
It is another object of the present invention to eliminate non-uniform wear of the rollers and dies of a wire drawing machine.
According to one aspect of the present invention a wire drawing apparatus is provided with a plurality of vertically spaced wire drawing dies. A plurality of drive rollers are individually positioned above the wire drawing dies to move the wire vertically upwardly through the dies. The dies are constructed so as to be self-centering as a result of the vertical upward movement of the wire therethrough. Where the tension on the wire decreases the die may be dropped under the force of gravity from a recessed abutment within which the die is seated as a result of the upward movement of the wire therethrough. The wire drawing dies are arranged in a number of drawing stages which are positioned in side-by-side relationship in such a manner that the wire is drawn vertically upwardly through the dies of one stage and then changed in direction so as to be drawn vertically upwardly through a subsequent stage.
Other objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent upon reference to the accompanying description when taken in conjunction with the drawing, which is exemplary, which illustrates schematically the arrangement of the dies and rollers according to the present invention with the dies being in vertical section.
Proceeding next to the drawing a specific embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail.
A wire 1 which is to be drawn down to a predetermined diameter is passed through a wire drawing die 2 which abuts against an abutment 3 formed with a recess in its lower face within which the die 2 is seated during the wire drawing operation. The abutment 3 is provided with a bore 4 of such a diameter which permits lateral play of the wire but is sufficiently small so that the die 2 cannot enter through the bore 4. As the wire emerges from the die 2 it is wound in a single loop around a roller or pulley 5 which is driven by a suitable control mechanism, not shown in the drawing, so as to pull the wire 1 through the die 2.
As long as the roller 5 is exerting a vertical upward pull on the wire 1 the die 2 will be seated against the abutment 3 as shown in the drawing. However, where the tension on the wire 1 decreases below a predetermined amount or if the roller 5 does not exert any pull on the wire 1, the die 2 will then drop downwardly under the force of gravity as illustrated by the position of the die 2' in the upper right hand corner of the drawing. The die 2' will be spaced at a distance from the abutment 3' and, because of gravity, the die 2' will align the wire precisely in the vertical direction.
When sufficient tension is again exerted on the wire 1 in an upward direction, the die 2 will be moved upwardly against abutment 3 and will be centered automatically in the position as shown for the die 2 and abutment 3.
Wire drawing die assemblies 10 and 11 are positioned vertically above die 2 and abutment 3. The die assembly 10 comprises a die 10' and abutment 10''. in a similar manner the die assembly 11 comprises die ll and abutment 11''. These die assemblies are similar to the die 2 and abutment 3 except that the diameters of the dies are progressively decreased.
A drive roller 12 is positioned after the die assembly 10 and a drive roller 13 is arranged subsequent to the die assembly 11 with the wire being looped once about each of these drive pulleys. The drive pulleys 5, l2 and 13 are each individually driven.
The die 2, die assembly 10 and die assembly II which are vertically arranged constitute a wire drawing stage. As the wire is pulled through the die 1! by the drive roller 13 it is passed over a roller 14 which changes the direction of the wire so that the wire now moves vertically downwardly to pass around rollers 15 and 16 so as to enter a subsequent wire drawing stage in a vertically upward direction. The second drawing stage comprises dies 17, 18 and 2',3 with the wire being drawn upwardly through each of the dies by the drive rollers 19 and 20. As the wire emerges from die assembly 2,3' it passes over a roller 21 from which the wire may travel to a subsequent wire drawing stage or may be wound around a drum by suitable winding apparatus.
The rollers 5, l2, l3, 19, 20 and 21 are all individually driven by a control mechanism which compensates for the elongation of the wire in the individual wire drawing dies so that these rollers all rotate at progressively increasing speeds. When these rollers are all of the same diameter then it is ap parent that they will be rotated at different speeds. All of the rollers used in this wire drawing arrangement, including the rollers to change the direction of travel of the wire, may all be of the same diameter.
Thus it is apparent that the present invention has disclosed a wire drawing apparatus wherein the wire is fed in a vertically upward direction into dies which can be automatically centered in response to the movement of the wire. With this arrangement the wire will no longer pass through the dies at an angle and, accordingly, the useful operating life of the dies is substantially increased. In addition, the wire is no longer curled or damaged on one side thereof by a die which has experienced non-uniform wear. The use of individual driven rollers enables the replacement of separate rollers when a roller has been worn sufficiently to warrant replacement.
It is understood that this invention is susceptible to modification in order to adapt it to different usages and conditions and, accordingly, it is desired to comprehend such modifications within the invention as may fall within the scope of the appended claims.
I claim I. in a wire drawing apparatus, a plurality of vertically spaced wire drawing dies to define a wire drawing stage, a plurality of drive rollers positioned respectively above each of said dies to draw the wire vertically upwardly therethrough, there being a single drive roller between successive dies and all of said drive rollers being of the same diameter, means for driving said drive rollers at different speeds to compensate for elongation of the wire during the drawing process, means for automatically centering said dies responsive to lateral movement of the wire passing therethrough during the wire drawing operation, a plurality of wire drawing stages positioned in sideby-side relationship, and roller means for changing the direction of wire emerging from the uppermost die of one stage to enter the lowermost die of a subsequent stage so that the wire is moved vertically upwardly through the dies of the stages.
2. in a wire drawing apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein said centering means comprises an abutment having a downwardly directed recess in a face thereof, said die being seated in said recess by the upward movement of the wire therethrough, said recess being larger than the die so that the die is moveable laterally therein.
3. In a wire drawing apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein the diameters of said drive rollers and direction changing rollers are equal.
4. In a wire drawing apparatus as claimed in claim 3 and comprising means for adjusting individually the speed of the drive rollers.
t t l t '8 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3 564 169 Dated May 23 1 972 Inventor(s) Werner Henrich It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
(72) Inventor: Werner Henrich 6349 HBrbach (Dillkrels) Am Wachtgipfel, West Germany Signed and sealed this 31st day of October 1972.
SEAL) Attest:
EDWARD M.FLETCHER,JR.
ROBERT GOT'ISCHALK Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents

Claims (4)

1. In a wire drawing apparatus, a plurality of vertically spaced wire drawing dies to define a wire drawing stage, a plurality of drive rollers positioned respectively above each of said dies to draw the wire vertically upwardly therethrough, there being a single drive roller between successive dies and all of said drive rollers being of the same diameter, means for driving said drive rollers at different speeds to compensate for elongation of the wire during the drawing process, means for automatically centering said dies responsive to lateral movement of the wire passing therethrough during the wire drawing operation, a plurality of wire drawing stages positioned in side-by-side relationship, and roller means for changing the direction of wire emerging from the uppermost die of one stage to enter the lowermost die of a subsequent stage so that the wire is moved vertically upwardly through the dies of the stages.
2. In a wire drawing apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein said centering means comprises an abutment having a downwardly directed recess in a face thereof, said die being seated in said recess by the upward movement of the wire therethrough, said recess being larger than the die so that the die is moveable laterally therein.
3. In a wire drawing apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein the diameters of said drive rollers and direction changing rollers are equal.
4. In a wire drawing apparatus as claimed in claim 3 and comprising means for adjusting individually the speed of the drive rollers.
US3664169D 1969-09-12 1970-01-08 Wire drawing apparatus Expired - Lifetime US3664169A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19691946221 DE1946221A1 (en) 1969-09-12 1969-09-12 Wire drawing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3664169A true US3664169A (en) 1972-05-23

Family

ID=5745316

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3664169D Expired - Lifetime US3664169A (en) 1969-09-12 1970-01-08 Wire drawing apparatus

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (1) US3664169A (en)
JP (1) JPS5013231B1 (en)
DE (1) DE1946221A1 (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3839895A (en) * 1972-07-04 1974-10-08 Oki Electric Cable Method of drawing wire and apparatus therefor
US4977303A (en) * 1984-08-28 1990-12-11 Charmilles Technologie S.A. Zinc or cadmium coated, surface oxidized electrode wire for EDM cutting of a workpiece; and method for forming such a wire
US5189897A (en) * 1991-10-15 1993-03-02 The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company Method and apparatus for wire drawing
US5535612A (en) * 1994-10-21 1996-07-16 The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company Method and apparatus for drawing wire through a plurality of standard dies at the die positions
US5671627A (en) * 1995-03-28 1997-09-30 R. Lisciani Trafilerie E Divisione Dyn Automazione Industriale S.N.C. Wire-drawing machine for dry-lubricated metal wire
US20120073346A1 (en) * 2009-05-28 2012-03-29 Bridgestone Corporation Method for producing metal wire
CN103008429A (en) * 2011-09-27 2013-04-03 吴江市中信科技有限公司 Combined stretcher
CN105945075A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-09-21 安庆潜江电缆有限公司 Copper wire double-row drawing device for cable
CN105964727A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-09-28 安庆潜江电缆有限公司 Unwinding equipment for double-row copper wire drawing machine
CN107052066A (en) * 2017-03-01 2017-08-18 江阴法尔胜泓昇不锈钢制品有限公司 A kind of bright diaphragm flexures line quality-improving device

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20067A (en) * 1858-04-27 Improvement w corn-harvesters
US1693224A (en) * 1927-02-28 1928-11-27 Firm Drahtindustrie Peter Darm Multiple-wire-drawing machine for drawing fine wires from suitable material
US2138201A (en) * 1937-02-06 1938-11-29 Anaconda Wire & Cable Co Wire drawing method and apparatus
US2199494A (en) * 1938-12-17 1940-05-07 Johnson Steel & Wire Company I Wire-drawing apparatus
US2199496A (en) * 1938-12-17 1940-05-07 Johnson Steel & Wire Company I Wire-drawing apparatus
US2370973A (en) * 1941-11-22 1945-03-06 William C Lang Method and apparatus for producing coated wire
US2370806A (en) * 1943-12-15 1945-03-06 William H Macdonald Wire drawing apparatus
GB655569A (en) * 1947-12-02 1951-07-25 Bartin Ltd An improvement in or relating to wire-drawing machines

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20067A (en) * 1858-04-27 Improvement w corn-harvesters
US1693224A (en) * 1927-02-28 1928-11-27 Firm Drahtindustrie Peter Darm Multiple-wire-drawing machine for drawing fine wires from suitable material
US2138201A (en) * 1937-02-06 1938-11-29 Anaconda Wire & Cable Co Wire drawing method and apparatus
US2199494A (en) * 1938-12-17 1940-05-07 Johnson Steel & Wire Company I Wire-drawing apparatus
US2199496A (en) * 1938-12-17 1940-05-07 Johnson Steel & Wire Company I Wire-drawing apparatus
US2370973A (en) * 1941-11-22 1945-03-06 William C Lang Method and apparatus for producing coated wire
US2370806A (en) * 1943-12-15 1945-03-06 William H Macdonald Wire drawing apparatus
GB655569A (en) * 1947-12-02 1951-07-25 Bartin Ltd An improvement in or relating to wire-drawing machines

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3839895A (en) * 1972-07-04 1974-10-08 Oki Electric Cable Method of drawing wire and apparatus therefor
US4977303A (en) * 1984-08-28 1990-12-11 Charmilles Technologie S.A. Zinc or cadmium coated, surface oxidized electrode wire for EDM cutting of a workpiece; and method for forming such a wire
US5189897A (en) * 1991-10-15 1993-03-02 The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company Method and apparatus for wire drawing
US5535612A (en) * 1994-10-21 1996-07-16 The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company Method and apparatus for drawing wire through a plurality of standard dies at the die positions
US5671627A (en) * 1995-03-28 1997-09-30 R. Lisciani Trafilerie E Divisione Dyn Automazione Industriale S.N.C. Wire-drawing machine for dry-lubricated metal wire
US20120073346A1 (en) * 2009-05-28 2012-03-29 Bridgestone Corporation Method for producing metal wire
US8904842B2 (en) * 2009-05-28 2014-12-09 Bridgestone Corporation Method for producing metal wire
CN103008429A (en) * 2011-09-27 2013-04-03 吴江市中信科技有限公司 Combined stretcher
CN105945075A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-09-21 安庆潜江电缆有限公司 Copper wire double-row drawing device for cable
CN105964727A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-09-28 安庆潜江电缆有限公司 Unwinding equipment for double-row copper wire drawing machine
CN107052066A (en) * 2017-03-01 2017-08-18 江阴法尔胜泓昇不锈钢制品有限公司 A kind of bright diaphragm flexures line quality-improving device
CN107052066B (en) * 2017-03-01 2018-08-28 江阴法尔胜泓昇不锈钢制品有限公司 A kind of bright diaphragm flexures line quality-improving device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPS5013231B1 (en) 1975-05-17
DE1946221A1 (en) 1971-04-15

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3664169A (en) Wire drawing apparatus
US3641755A (en) Machine and process for making wire cables
US3777964A (en) Rod entry guide
US5074140A (en) Method and method for high speed cable shaping and stranding
US3282304A (en) Wire uncoiling device
CN101947718B (en) Continuous rolling production line of single-strand flat metal wire
SE8201946L (en) Wire coiler with stretch and coiling units - has drive shafts with spring rollers and wire grooves for straight fast movement avoiding plastic deformation in coiling
US3842643A (en) Processing of wires
US3115743A (en) Supporting means for a thread turning tube
CN104843416A (en) Ball feeding device
CN105642683A (en) Wire drawing machine
US3651682A (en) Wire drawing machine
CN211275908U (en) Straight wire drawing equipment
US4356715A (en) Method and device for straightening elongated drawn round stock
US3672197A (en) Straightening machine for pipe-like articles
US4817879A (en) Spooling machine
KR930021879A (en) Manufacturing method and apparatus of steel wire rope
US3395524A (en) Method and apparatus for the production of crimped yarns
US3969884A (en) Twister
US3585792A (en) Method and machine for manufacturing cables
US1693224A (en) Multiple-wire-drawing machine for drawing fine wires from suitable material
CN106180182A (en) A kind of convergent belt rolling equipment
US4578978A (en) Roll forming apparatus
US3266694A (en) Wire handling machine
US3349553A (en) Yarn twisting apparatus