US3664081A - Blowback seal and gauge for building exterior panels - Google Patents

Blowback seal and gauge for building exterior panels Download PDF

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US3664081A
US3664081A US3664081DA US3664081A US 3664081 A US3664081 A US 3664081A US 3664081D A US3664081D A US 3664081DA US 3664081 A US3664081 A US 3664081A
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sheathing
panel
surface
strip
facing material
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Otis M Martin
John K Kough
Silas M Miller
Blair B Kough
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MARSHALL MANUFACTURING Inc A CA CORP
ROBINSON ARCHIE S
DITZ CRANE
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DITZ CRANE
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Assigned to ROBINSON, ARCHIE S., MARTIN, OTIS M., MILLER, SILAS N. reassignment ROBINSON, ARCHIE S. ASSIGNMENT OF A PART OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST Assignors: SHAKE AND SHINGLE PANELS, INC
Assigned to MARTIN, OTIS M., MILLER, SILAS N., ROBINSON, ARCHIE S. reassignment MARTIN, OTIS M. ASSIGNS TO EACH ASSIGNEE THE PERCENTAES OPPOSITE THEIR RESPECTIVE NAME Assignors: SHAKE & SHINGLE PANELS, INC.
Assigned to MARSHALL MANUFACTURING, INC., A CA CORP. reassignment MARSHALL MANUFACTURING, INC., A CA CORP. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: MARTIN, OTIS M., MILLER, SILAS, ROBINSON, ARCHIE
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/26Strip-shaped roofing elements simulating a repetitive pattern, e.g. appearing as a row of shingles
    • E04D1/265Strip-shaped roofing elements simulating a repetitive pattern, e.g. appearing as a row of shingles the roofing elements being rigid, e.g. made of metal, wood or concrete
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B7/00Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation
    • E04B7/20Roofs consisting of self-supporting slabs, e.g. able to be loaded
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/36Devices for sealing the spaces or joints between roof-covering elements

Abstract

A prefabrication panel for the construction of a building exterior in which one or more layers of a plurality of facing material is secured to a sheathing in a side-by-side relation along the length of the sheathing. A strip is secured to the sheathing on the surface thereof opposite from the surface on which the facing material is secured. The strip is disposed along the length of the sheathing in the vicinity of the lower edge thereof. A plurality of such panels are placed in overlapping relation to form a building exterior. In one embodiment, the strip of the upper panel has a surface for confronting the sheathing of the lower panel for sealing engagement and has another surface confronting the facing material fixed to the lower panel for providing a weather seal. In another embodiment, the strip of the upper pane has a surface perpendicular to the sheathing of the upper panel which surface confronts and is contiguous to the upper edge of the sheathing of the lower panel to serve as a guide for the aligning of overlapping panels and also to form a weather resistant seal.

Description

United States Patent Martin et a].

[ May 23, 1972 BLOWBACK SEAL AND GAUGE FOR BUILDING EXTERIOR PANELS Otis M. Martin, San Jose; John K. Kough, Morgan Hill; Silas M. Miller, Saratoga; Blair B. Kough, Morgan Hill, all of Calif.

Assignee: Ditz Crane, San Francisco, Calif.

Filed: July 15, 1970 Appl. No.: 55,140

Inventors:

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Primary Examiner-Alfred C. Perham Attorney-Tau] D. Flehr, Harold C. Hohbach, Aldo .1. West, Elmer S. Albritton, Thomas 0. Herbert, Baylor G. Riddell, Milton W. Schlemmer, Donald N. Mclntosh, Robert B. Block and Jerry G. Wright ABSIRACT A prefabrication panel for the construction of a building exterior in which one or more layers of a plurality of facing material is secured to a sheathing in a side-by-side relation along the length of the sheathing. A strip is secured to the sheathing on the surface thereof opposite from the surface on which the facing material is secured. The strip is disposed along the length of the sheathing in the vicinity of the lower edge thereof. A plurality of such panels are placed in overlapping relation to form a building exterior. In one embodiment, the strip of the upper panel has a surface for confronting the sheathing of the lower panel for sealing engagement and has another surface confronting the facing material fixed to the lower panel for providing a weather seal. In another embodiment, the strip of the upper pane has a surface perpendicular to the sheathing of the upper panel which surface confronts and is contiguous to the upper edge of the sheathing of the lower panel to serve as a guide for the aligning of overlapping panels and also to form a weather resistant seal.

18 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures //vl E/vTOR$ OTIS M MARTIN JOHN K. KOUGH SILAS M. MILLER BLAIR s. KOUGH M UM- ATTORNEY Patented May 23, 1972 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates in general to the construction of the exterior of a building and more particularly to a prefabrication panel for the construction of a building exterior.

Continuous effort has been made in the construction of a building exterior to improve the weather resistant characteristics of a building exterior. It has, heretofore, been customary to employ layers of waterproof material, such as tarred felt or the like. Also, the manner of interlocking and overlapping panels has been used to improve the weather resistant characteristics of building exteriors.

Heretofore, strips on prefabricated panels for building exteriors have been secured across layers of shakes and shingles. Consequently, such strips did not serve as weather resistant barriers. Disclosures of such strips can be found in the patent to Wilde, US. Pat No. 2,285,480, issued on June 9, 1942, for Prefabricated Shingle Panel and the patent to Fink et al. US. Pat. No. Re 24,246, dated Dec. 4, 1956. In the patent to Kough et al. U.S. Pat. No. 3,509,676, issued on May 5, 1970, there is disclosed a strip for use as a weather resistant barrier, which is fixed to a sheathing of a panel to confront the facing material fixed to the same sheathing for providing a weather resistant barrier.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION A prefabricated panel for the construction of the exterior of a building in which a panel comprises one or more layers of a plurality of facing material secured to one surface of a sheathing and a strip secured to an opposite surface of the sheathing along the length of the sheathing.

A plurality of such panels are disposed in overlapping relation. In one embodiment, the strip of the upper panel has one surface thereof confronting and contiguous to the sheathing of the lower panel and has another surface thereof confronting the facing material secured to the sheathing of the lower panel to provide a weather resistant barrier. In another embodiment, the strip of the upper panel has one surface thereof perpendicular to the surface of the sheathing to which it is secured, which surface of the strip confronts and abuts against the upper edge of the sheathing of the lower panel to align and guide the location of the overlapping panels and to provide a weather resistant barrier.

The strip serves to inhibit the seepage of water into the interior of structures. Thus, a barrier is formed against rain and moisture being blown into the interior of the structure. Toward this end, thestrip reduces the accumulation of blowback moisture or rain into the interstices of a building exterior and also under and between the facing material. In addition to serving as a weather resistant seal, the strip also serves as a guide in the alignment and placement of overlapping panels. The lower edge of the upper panel in the last mentioned embodiment is raised from the rafters without a long bridge by resting sheathing of an upper panel onto the sheathing of a lower panel aligning the upper panel relative to the lower panel through the strip of the upper panel. Consequently, facing material with rectanguloid configurations as distinguished from a tapered shingle or shake can optionally be employed and, yet, a smooth overlap is attained between overlapping panels. It has been found that rectanguloid facing material is generally stronger, less expensive and more weather resistant than tapered facing material. Structurally, an improved building exterior is realized, since the sheathings are structurally stronger, and lighter in weight, while the strip lends structural improvements to the building exterior.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a building exterior panel embodying the present invention.

FIG. 2 is an end view of the panel shown in FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of adjoining overlapping panels illustrating one embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 4 is an end view of the overlapping panels illustrated in FIG. 2.

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of adjoining overlapping panels illustrating another embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 6 is an end view of the overlapping panels illustrated in FIG. 5.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2 is a panel 10 of the present invention which comprises a conventional sheathing or base strip 11. In the exemplary embodiment, the sheathing 11 is made of plywood. Secured to the sheathing 11 is a plurality or a layer offacing material 14. The facing material 14 may be of one or more layers. In the exemplary embodiment, the facing material 14 is disposed in substantially abutting relation in a side-by-sidemanner. The facing material 14 may be any suitable surfacing material, such as shakes, shingles, tile, composition asbestos, veneer, peeler strip, and the like.

Secured to the sheathing 11 by suitable means, such as nails or staples, is a strip 15. The strip 15 is secured to a surface of the sheathing l1 opposite from the surface to which the facing material 14 is secured. Specifically, the facing material 14 is secured to the surface 11a of the sheathing l1 and the strip 15 is secured to the surface 11b. The strip 15 which in the exemplary embodiment is made of wood is disposed along the length of the sheathing 11 in the vicinity of the lower edge thereof. The lower edge being the lower edge when the panel 10 is installed as a building exterior. In a typical embodiment, the strip 15 is of the same length as the sheathing 11; is 1 inch wide; and has a depth sufficient for the strip 15 to extend generally the height of facing material (FIG. 4

Optionally, a membrane, not shown, of suitable material, such as tarred felt or the like, is secured to the upper surface 11a of the sheathing 11 between the sheathing l1 and the facing material 14. The membrane is co-terminal with the ends of the sheathing 11, but extends upwardly to or above the upper edge of the sheathing 11 and projects below the lower edge of the sheathing 11 a distance commensurate with the facing material 14.

For constructing an exterior of a building according to the present invention, a plurality of adjacent panels similar to 1 panel 10 are secured to the rafters or the like in a longitudinal overlapping relation (FIGS. 3-6). Since the panels are similar in construction and function like parts of the panel adjacent the panel 10 will be designated with the same reference numeral but with a prime suffix.

In one embodiment of the present invention (FIGS. 3 and 4), the panels 10 and 10' are joined in longitudinal overlapping relation with the strip 15 in even contact with the upper surface of the sheathing 11' and also in abutting relation with the upper edge of the facing material 14. More specifically, the strip 15 of the upper panel 10 has one surface thereof engaging the surface 11b of the sheathing 11 to which it is fixed and an opposite surface parallel with and in even contact with the surface 1 1a of the sheathing 11 of the lower panel 10'. It is understood, of course, should a membrane be disposed on the sheathing 11', then the strip 15 will be in contact with such membrane. In addition thereto, the strip 15 has a surface perpendicular to the surface 11b of the sheathing l1 and the surface 1 la of the sheathing 11, which confronts the aligned upper edge of the facing material 14' of the lower panel 10'. Optionally, the strip 15 may abut or be spaced from the upper edge of the facing material 14.

From the foregoing, it is to be observed that the strip 15 not only provides a blowback seal but also serves as a guide in the aligning of overlapping panels. When the strip 15 engages the sheathing 11', the upper panel 10 is guided relative to the lower panel 10'. Should the strip 15 abut against the facing material 14, then the upper panel 10 will be aligned relative to the lower panel 10.

With the strip 15 of the upper panel 10 confronting the facing material 14' of the lower panel 10 and in even contact with the sheathing 11', or any waterproof membrane thereon, a weather resistant barrier and a blowback seal is provided. Through this arrangement, rain or moisture is inhibited from entering the interstices and from entering under and between the panels and the building structure and also from penetrating between irregular surfaces of the facing material.

In another embodiment of the present invention (FIGS. 5 and 6), the panels 10 and 10 are joined in longitudinal overlapping relation with the strip of the upper panel 10 in abutting relation with the upper edge of the sheathing 11 of the lower panel 10'.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the facing material 14 has the upper edge thereof aligned and spaced downwardly a selected distance from the upper edge of the sheathing l1 and the lower edge thereof aligned and extending beyond the lower edge of the sheathing 11 a selected distance. The facing material 14 extends beyond one edge of the sheathing 11 a predetermined distance and approaches an opposite edge of the sheathing in a preselected space relation. Stated otherwise, the facing material does not extend to the opposite edge of the panel. There is a staggering between the sheathing 11 and the facing material 14. The staggering at the edge of the panel 10' is complementary to the staggering at the edge of the panel 10 adjacent thereto to establish an overlapping mating relation between joined adjacent edges of the panels 10 and 10', wherein the sheathing 1 1 of the panel 10 overlaps the sheathing 11' of the panel 10' and the facing material 14 of the panel 10 overlaps the facing material 14 of the panel 10'. In addition thereto, a surface of the strip 15 of the panel 10 perpendicular to the surface 11b of the sheathing ll abuts against the upper edge of the sheathing 11 of the lower panel 10'.

By overlapping the sheathing of one panel on the sheathing of the adjacent panel to be joined therewith and by overlapping the facing material of one panel on the facing material of the adjacent panel to be joined therewith, a water seal or weather-proofing joining of panels for a building exterior is formed. Water blowing into the building exterior either between the cracks in the facing material or between the overlapping material will be trapped by the top or bottom end of the sheathing. The overlap of the sheathing will enable moisture to be carried away on the sheathing below.

In addition thereto, the strip 15 provides a blowback seal or a weather resistant barrier for the sheathing on sheathing by inhibiting the penetration of moisture between confronting surfaces of the sheathings. The strip 15 abuts against the upper edge of the sheathing 11 to guide and align the upper panel 10 relative to the lower panel 10'. Through this arrangement, the lower edge of the sheathing 1 1 is elevated from the rafters to rest in the sheathing 11, or the membrane thereon, in an aligned guided manner by the strip 15 abutting against the upper edge of the sheathing 11' without a long bridge. This permits the use of rectanguloid facing material as distinguished from tapered facing material, when desired, without sacrificing a smooth overlap between joined adjacent panels.

Thus, the strip 15 serves as a lock strip to positively guide the upper panel 10 to facilitate the installation of overlapping panels. Also, the strip 15 aligns the upper panel 10 by raising the sheathing 11 to a proper angle for the overlapping of the sheathing ll of the lower panel 10' to permit a smooth overlap whether rectanguloid or tapered facing material is employed.

We claim:

1. A panel construction for a building exterior comprising:

a. a first panel, said first panel being formed with a first sheathing and with first facing material secured to said first sheathing on one surface thereof and with a first strip secured to said first sheathing under a surface thereof opposite from said one surface of said first sheathing; and

b. a second panel, said second panel being formed with a second sheathing and with second facing material secured to said second sheathing on one surface thereof and with a second strip secured to said second sheathing below a surface thereof opposite from said one surface of said second sheathing,

said first panel being joined with said second panel in overlapping relation with said first panel as the upper panel and with said second panel as the lower panel, said first and second panels being disposed in overlapping relation with said first strip of said first panel engaging said second sheathing of said second panel.

2. A panel construction as claimed in claim 1 wherein one surface of said first strip engages a surface of said second sheathing in even contact.

3. A panel construction as claimed in claim 2 wherein said one surface of said first strip is parallel with said opposite surface of said first sheathing.

4. A panel construction for a building exterior comprising:

a. a first panel, said first panel being formed with a first sheathing and with first facing material secured to said first sheathing on one surface thereof and with a first strip secured to said first sheathing under a surface thereof opposite from said one surface of said first sheathing; and

b. a second panel, said second panel being formed with a second sheathing and with second facing material secured to said second sheathing on one surface thereof and with a second strip secured to said second sheathing below a surface thereof opposite from said one surface of said second sheathing; said first panel being joined with said second panel in overlapping relation with said first panel as the upper panel and with said second panel as the lower panel, said first and second panels being disposed in overlapping relation with said first strip of said first panel engaging said second sheathing of said second panel, one surface of said first strip engaging a surface of said second sheathing in even contact, another surface of said first strip being perpendicular to said opposite surface of said first sheathing.

5. A panel construction as claimed in claim 4 wherein said first sheathing overlaps said second sheathing.

6. A panel construction as claimed in claim 5 wherein said first facing material overlaps said second facing material.

7. A panel construction as claimed in claim 6 and comprising a first membrane of waterproof material disposed between said first sheathing and said first facing material and a second membrane of waterproof material disposed between said second sheathing and said second facing material.

8. A panel construction as claimed in claim 5 wherein said other surface of said first strip engages said upper edge of said second facing material.

9. A panel construction for a building exterior comprising:

a. a first panel, said first panel being formed with a first sheathing and with first facing material secured to said first sheathing on one surface thereof and with a first strip secured to said first sheathing under a surface thereof opposite from said one surface of said first sheathing; and

b. a second panel, said second panel being formed with a second sheathing and with second facing material secured to said second sheathing on one surface thereof and with a second strip secured to said second sheathing below a surface thereof opposite from said one surface of said second sheathing, said first panel being joined with said second panel in overlapping relation with said first panel as the upper panel and with said second panel as the lower panel, said first and second panels being disposed in overlapping relation with said first strip of said first panel confronting said second sheathing of said second panel, one surface of said first strip engaging a surface of said second sheathing in even contact and another surface of said first strip confronting an upper edge of said second facing material of said second panel.

10. A panel construction as claimed in claim 9 wherein said one surface of said first strip is parallel with said opposite surface of said first sheathing and said other surface of said first strip is perpendicular to said opposite surface of said first sheathing.

11. A panel construction as claimed in claim 10 wherein said other surface of said first strip is in even contact with said upper edge of said second facing material.

12. A panel construction as claimed in claim 11 wherein said first sheathing of said first panel overlaps said second facing material of said second panel.

13. A panel construction for a building exterior comprising:

a. a first panel, said first panel being formed with a first sheathing and with first facing material secured to said first sheathing on one surface thereof and with a first strip secured to said first sheathing under a surface thereof opposite from said one surface of said first sheathing;

b. a second panel, said second panel being formed with a second sheathingand with second facing material secured to said second sheathing on one surface thereof and with a second strip secured to said second sheathing below a surface thereof opposite from said one surface of said second sheathing, said first panel being joined with said second panel in overlapping relation with said first panel as the upper panel and with said second panel as the lower panel, said first and second panels being disposed in overlapping relation with said first strip of said first panel confronting said second sheathing of said second panel;

c. a first membrane of waterproof material disposed between said first sheathing and said first facing material for said first panel; and

a second membrane of waterproof material disposed between said second sheathing and said second facing material of said second panel,

one surface of said first strip confronting said second sheathing and being disposed in even contact with said second membrane.

14. A panel construction as claimed in claim 13 wherein another surface of said first strip confronts an upper edge of said second facing material of said second panel.

15. A panel construction as claimed in claim 14 wherein said one surface of said first strip is parallel with said opposite surface of said first sheathing and said other surface of said first strip is perpendicular to said opposite surface of said first sheathing.

16. A panel construction as claimed in claim 15 wherein said other surface of said first strip is in even contact with said upper edge of said second facing material.

17. A panel construction as claimed in claim 16 in which said first and second panels overlap longitudinally; wherein said first sheathing has an upper and lower edge, said first fac ing material being secured to said first sheathing in a side-byside relation in the general direction of said upper and lower edges of said sheathing, said first strip being secured to said first sheathing in the general direction of said upper and lower edges of said first sheathing in the vicinity of said lower edge of said first sheathing.

18. A panel construction as claimed in claim 17 wherein said second sheathing has an upper and lower edge, said second facing material being secured to said second sheathing in a side-by-side relation in the general direction of said upper and lower edges of said sheathing, said second strip being secured to said second sheathing in the general direction of said upper and lower edges of said second sheathing in the vicinity of said lower edge of said second sheathing.

Claims (18)

1. A panel construction for a building exterior comprising: a. a first panel, said first panel being formed with a first sheathing and with first facing material secured to said first sheathing on one surface thereof and with a first strip secured to said first sheathing under a surface thereof opposite from said one surface of said first sheathing; and b. a second panel, said second panel being formed with a second sheathing and with second facing material secured to said second sheathing on one surface thereof and with a second strip secured to said second sheathing below a surface thereof opposite from said one surface of said second sheathing, said first panel being joined with said second panel in overlapping relation with said first panel as the upper panel and with said second panel as the lower panel, said first and second panels being disposed in overlapping relation with said first strip of said first panel engaging said second sheathing of said second panel.
2. A panel construction as claimed in claim 1 wherein one surface of said first strip engages a surface of said second sheathing in even contact.
3. A panel construction as claimed in claim 2 wherein said one surface of said first strip is parallel with said opposite surface of said first sheathing.
4. A panel construction for a building exterior comprising: a. a first panel, said first panel being formed with a first sheathing and with first facing material secured to said first sheathing on one surface thereof and with a first strip secured to said first sheathing under a surface thereof opposite from said one surface of said first sheathing; and b. a second panel, said second panel being formed with a second sheathing and with second facing material secured to said second sheathing on one surface thereof and with a second strip secured to said second sheathing below a surface thereof opposite from said one Surface of said second sheathing; said first panel being joined with said second panel in overlapping relation with said first panel as the upper panel and with said second panel as the lower panel, said first and second panels being disposed in overlapping relation with said first strip of said first panel engaging said second sheathing of said second panel, one surface of said first strip engaging a surface of said second sheathing in even contact, another surface of said first strip being perpendicular to said opposite surface of said first sheathing.
5. A panel construction as claimed in claim 4 wherein said first sheathing overlaps said second sheathing.
6. A panel construction as claimed in claim 5 wherein said first facing material overlaps said second facing material.
7. A panel construction as claimed in claim 6 and comprising a first membrane of waterproof material disposed between said first sheathing and said first facing material and a second membrane of waterproof material disposed between said second sheathing and said second facing material.
8. A panel construction as claimed in claim 5 wherein said other surface of said first strip engages said upper edge of said second facing material.
9. A panel construction for a building exterior comprising: a. a first panel, said first panel being formed with a first sheathing and with first facing material secured to said first sheathing on one surface thereof and with a first strip secured to said first sheathing under a surface thereof opposite from said one surface of said first sheathing; and b. a second panel, said second panel being formed with a second sheathing and with second facing material secured to said second sheathing on one surface thereof and with a second strip secured to said second sheathing below a surface thereof opposite from said one surface of said second sheathing, said first panel being joined with said second panel in overlapping relation with said first panel as the upper panel and with said second panel as the lower panel, said first and second panels being disposed in overlapping relation with said first strip of said first panel confronting said second sheathing of said second panel, one surface of said first strip engaging a surface of said second sheathing in even contact and another surface of said first strip confronting an upper edge of said second facing material of said second panel.
10. A panel construction as claimed in claim 9 wherein said one surface of said first strip is parallel with said opposite surface of said first sheathing and said other surface of said first strip is perpendicular to said opposite surface of said first sheathing.
11. A panel construction as claimed in claim 10 wherein said other surface of said first strip is in even contact with said upper edge of said second facing material.
12. A panel construction as claimed in claim 11 wherein said first sheathing of said first panel overlaps said second facing material of said second panel.
13. A panel construction for a building exterior comprising: a. a first panel, said first panel being formed with a first sheathing and with first facing material secured to said first sheathing on one surface thereof and with a first strip secured to said first sheathing under a surface thereof opposite from said one surface of said first sheathing; b. a second panel, said second panel being formed with a second sheathing and with second facing material secured to said second sheathing on one surface thereof and with a second strip secured to said second sheathing below a surface thereof opposite from said one surface of said second sheathing, said first panel being joined with said second panel in overlapping relation with said first panel as the upper panel and with said second panel as the lower panel, said first and second panels being disposed in overlapping relation with said first strip of said first panel confronting said second sheathing of said second panel; c. a first membrane of waterproof material disposed between said first sheathing and said first facing material for said first panel; and d. a second membrane of waterproof material disposed between said second sheathing and said second facing material of said second panel, one surface of said first strip confronting said second sheathing and being disposed in even contact with said second membrane.
14. A panel construction as claimed in claim 13 wherein another surface of said first strip confronts an upper edge of said second facing material of said second panel.
15. A panel construction as claimed in claim 14 wherein said one surface of said first strip is parallel with said opposite surface of said first sheathing and said other surface of said first strip is perpendicular to said opposite surface of said first sheathing.
16. A panel construction as claimed in claim 15 wherein said other surface of said first strip is in even contact with said upper edge of said second facing material.
17. A panel construction as claimed in claim 16 in which said first and second panels overlap longitudinally; wherein said first sheathing has an upper and lower edge, said first facing material being secured to said first sheathing in a side-by-side relation in the general direction of said upper and lower edges of said sheathing, said first strip being secured to said first sheathing in the general direction of said upper and lower edges of said first sheathing in the vicinity of said lower edge of said first sheathing.
18. A panel construction as claimed in claim 17 wherein said second sheathing has an upper and lower edge, said second facing material being secured to said second sheathing in a side-by-side relation in the general direction of said upper and lower edges of said sheathing, said second strip being secured to said second sheathing in the general direction of said upper and lower edges of said second sheathing in the vicinity of said lower edge of said second sheathing.
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US4402169A (en) * 1980-08-05 1983-09-06 Otis M. Martin Surfacing for roof and siding structures of buildings
US4586309A (en) * 1984-03-30 1986-05-06 Stewart Ferguson Two-course shingle panel
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US4782639A (en) * 1986-03-13 1988-11-08 Stewart Ferguson Shingle or shake panel and process for using the same
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US20050204670A1 (en) * 2004-02-18 2005-09-22 Guildo Deschenes Wood shingle panel with rear transverse metal slat
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US20070042158A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2007-02-22 Belt James S Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
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US20110139366A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2011-06-16 Belt James S Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US20110151170A1 (en) * 2008-05-13 2011-06-23 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Hip and ridge roofing material
US20110197534A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2011-08-18 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US20110209428A1 (en) * 2000-02-29 2011-09-01 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc. Shingle having different color tabs without predominate color for optically simulating a slate roof
US20110214378A1 (en) * 2010-03-04 2011-09-08 Grubka Lawrence J Hip and ridge roofing shingle
US8430983B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2013-04-30 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Method of manufacturing a shingle with reinforced nail zone
US8713883B2 (en) 2011-04-25 2014-05-06 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with impact resistant layer
US9290943B2 (en) 2012-01-05 2016-03-22 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Hip and ridge roofing shingle
USD755997S1 (en) 2014-02-27 2016-05-10 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle
USD761970S1 (en) * 2012-06-27 2016-07-19 Dorce Thomas Redwine Solid individual composite shingle with a stepped back surface
US9758970B2 (en) 2014-02-25 2017-09-12 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Laminated hip and ridge shingle

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US2309453A (en) * 1941-08-02 1943-01-26 Phc Housing Corp Prefabricated building wall
US3440777A (en) * 1967-12-08 1969-04-29 Otis M Martin Shake strip assembly for roofing or siding
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US2256435A (en) * 1939-11-22 1941-09-16 Clarence W Kraus Construction unit
US2285480A (en) * 1941-03-07 1942-06-09 C B Lumber & Shingle Company Fabricated shingle panel
US2309453A (en) * 1941-08-02 1943-01-26 Phc Housing Corp Prefabricated building wall
US3440777A (en) * 1967-12-08 1969-04-29 Otis M Martin Shake strip assembly for roofing or siding
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Cited By (55)

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US4391076A (en) * 1979-07-23 1983-07-05 Stewart Ferguson Roof or sidewall construction
US4402169A (en) * 1980-08-05 1983-09-06 Otis M. Martin Surfacing for roof and siding structures of buildings
US4355491A (en) * 1980-08-18 1982-10-26 Otis M. Martin Roof construction and method
US4586309A (en) * 1984-03-30 1986-05-06 Stewart Ferguson Two-course shingle panel
US4782639A (en) * 1986-03-13 1988-11-08 Stewart Ferguson Shingle or shake panel and process for using the same
US4731970A (en) * 1986-10-31 1988-03-22 Marshall Manufacturing, Inc. Shingled building panel
FR2708018A1 (en) * 1990-06-19 1995-01-27 Tanguy Herve Prefabricated roof-covering module using elements of the shingle type or slate type
US20110209428A1 (en) * 2000-02-29 2011-09-01 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc. Shingle having different color tabs without predominate color for optically simulating a slate roof
US20050204670A1 (en) * 2004-02-18 2005-09-22 Guildo Deschenes Wood shingle panel with rear transverse metal slat
US20060005494A1 (en) * 2004-04-13 2006-01-12 Marshall Scott T Shingled siding unit
US9605434B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2017-03-28 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US20090293404A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2009-12-03 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital ., Llc Shingle With Reinforced Nail Zone And Method Of Manufacturing
US10322889B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2019-06-18 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US10315863B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2019-06-11 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US7836654B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2010-11-23 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US20110016812A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2011-01-27 Belt James S Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US20110139366A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2011-06-16 Belt James S Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US20110146185A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2011-06-23 Belt James S Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US10308448B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2019-06-04 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US20110197534A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2011-08-18 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US20070042158A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2007-02-22 Belt James S Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US8557366B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2013-10-15 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Roofing shingle including sheet as headlap
US20110232220A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2011-09-29 Belt James S Roofing shingle including sheet as headlap
US8156704B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2012-04-17 Owens-Corning Fiberglas Technology, Inc. Reducing humping of stacked roofing shingles
US8181413B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2012-05-22 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US8240102B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2012-08-14 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US10189656B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2019-01-29 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US20070039274A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2007-02-22 Harrington Edward R Jr Roofing shingle including sheet as headlap
US8607521B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2013-12-17 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US8623164B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2014-01-07 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US10000929B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2018-06-19 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforcement member
US8752351B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2014-06-17 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US8991130B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2015-03-31 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US9657478B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2017-05-23 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US9624670B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2017-04-18 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US9121178B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2015-09-01 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforcement nail zone and method of manufacturing
US10428525B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2019-10-01 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with reinforcement member
US9017791B2 (en) 2008-05-13 2015-04-28 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle blank having formation of individual hip and ridge roofing shingles
US20110151170A1 (en) * 2008-05-13 2011-06-23 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Hip and ridge roofing material
US9890534B2 (en) 2009-02-25 2018-02-13 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Hip and ridge roofing material
US9151055B2 (en) 2009-02-25 2015-10-06 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Hip and ridge roofing material
US20100212246A1 (en) * 2009-02-25 2010-08-26 Grubka Lawrence J Hip and ridge roofing material
US20100236178A1 (en) * 2009-03-20 2010-09-23 Loftus James E Sealant composition for releasable shingle
US9482007B2 (en) 2009-03-20 2016-11-01 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Flexible laminated hip and ridge shingle
US9574350B2 (en) 2009-03-20 2017-02-21 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Sealant composition for releasable shingle
US10273392B2 (en) 2009-03-20 2019-04-30 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Sealant composition for releasable shingle
US20110214378A1 (en) * 2010-03-04 2011-09-08 Grubka Lawrence J Hip and ridge roofing shingle
US9097020B2 (en) 2010-03-04 2015-08-04 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Hip and ridge roofing shingle
US8713883B2 (en) 2011-04-25 2014-05-06 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle with impact resistant layer
USRE46177E1 (en) 2011-07-29 2016-10-11 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Method of manufacturing a shingle with reinforced nail zone
US8430983B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2013-04-30 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Method of manufacturing a shingle with reinforced nail zone
US9290943B2 (en) 2012-01-05 2016-03-22 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Hip and ridge roofing shingle
USD761970S1 (en) * 2012-06-27 2016-07-19 Dorce Thomas Redwine Solid individual composite shingle with a stepped back surface
US9758970B2 (en) 2014-02-25 2017-09-12 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Laminated hip and ridge shingle
USD755997S1 (en) 2014-02-27 2016-05-10 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Shingle

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Effective date: 19841108

Owner name: MILLER, SILAS N. SARATOGA, CA.

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