US3660900A - Method and apparatus for improved orthodontic bracket and arch wire technique - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for improved orthodontic bracket and arch wire technique Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3660900A
US3660900A US3660900DA US3660900A US 3660900 A US3660900 A US 3660900A US 3660900D A US3660900D A US 3660900DA US 3660900 A US3660900 A US 3660900A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
predetermined
tooth
arch
wire
brackets
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Lawrence F Andrews
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LAWRENCE F ANDREWS
ANDREWS LAWRENCE F
Original Assignee
ANDREWS LAWRENCE F
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C7/00Orthodontics, i.e. obtaining or maintaining the desired position of teeth, e.g. by straightening, evening, regulating, separating, or by correcting malocclusions
    • A61C7/12Brackets; Arch wires; Combinations thereof; Accessories therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C7/00Orthodontics, i.e. obtaining or maintaining the desired position of teeth, e.g. by straightening, evening, regulating, separating, or by correcting malocclusions
    • A61C7/12Brackets; Arch wires; Combinations thereof; Accessories therefor
    • A61C7/14Brackets; Fixing brackets to teeth
    • A61C7/143Brackets with two or more recesses for arch wires

Abstract

The method and apparatus for improving orthodontic bracket and arch wire technique where the individual brackets have an inner radius for attachment to a tooth band which conforms to the outer contour of the tooth both vertically and horizontally and has at least one groove therein for the reception of one or more arch wires having a radius for conforming to overall arch wire geometry and wherein the groove is cut with a torquing angle, a tipping angle, an in-out dimension and in some cases, a rotation compensation angle for cooperation with an unbent arch wire in which the various angles built into the bracket result in desired force vectors for movement of individual teeth to a desired position, and in the alternative the variations in dimensions and angles are built into the tooth band.

Description

lUited States Patent Andrews ay 9, 1972 [54] METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR [56] References Cited IMPROVED ORTHODONTIC BRACKET AND ARCH WIRE TECHNIQUE UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,908,974 10/1959 Stifter ..32/l4 3,345,745 10/1967 Muller ..32/l4 [72] Inventor: Lawrence F. Andrews, 1808 Cable St., San

g Calif- 92107 Primary Examiner-Robert Peshock [22] Filed 10 1969 Attorney-Richard K. MacNeill {21] Appl. No.: 875,086 [57] ABSTRACT The method and apparatus for improving orthodontic bracket and arch wire technique where the individual brackets have an Related Application Data inner radius for attachment to a tooth band which conforms to the outer contour of the tooth both vertically and horizontally [63] Continuatiomimpan of sen 69 Sept 22, and has at least one groove therein for the reception of one or 967 Pat. 3 477 128' more arch wires having a radius for conforming to overall arch wire geometry and wherein the groove is cut with a torquing angle, a tipping angle, an in-out dimension and in some cases, a rotation compensation angle for cooperation with an unbent [2%] (S1. ..32/14A arch wire in which the various angles built into the bracke! result in desired force vectors for movement of individual teeth to a desired position, and in the alternative the variations in dimensions and angles are built into the tooth band.

30 Claims, 28 Drawing Figures P'A'TENTEDMA 91912 8,660,900

' SHEET 1 [IF 4 (PRIOR ART) INVENTOR. LAWRENCE E ANDREWS PATENTEB 9 I972 SHEET 2 0F 4 INVENTOR.

LAWRENCE E ANDREWS PATENTEDMAY 91972 sum 3 UF 4 INVENTOR. LAWRENCE E' ANDREWS P'AT'E'NTEDMAY 91912 3. 660, 900

SHEET u 0? 4 INVENTOR.

LAWRENCE E ANDREWS METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IMPROVED ORTHODONTIC BRACKET AND ARCH WIRE TECnNr uE RELATED APPLICATIONS This application is a continuation-in-part of my co-pending application filed Sept. 22, 1967, Ser. No. 669,919, and now U.S. Pat. No. 3,477,128 issued Nov. 11, 1969, for Method and Apparatus for Improved Orthodontic Bracket and Arch Wire Technique.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for improved orthodontic bracket and arch wire technique and more particularly to a method and apparatus for an improved orthodontic bracket and arch wire technique in which force vectors are built into the individual orthodontic brackets or tooth bands for obviating the necessity of placing bends in the arch wire to produce the desired force vectors and, hence, the desired tooth movement.

PRIOR ART The prior art method of installing orthodontic brackets and arch wires comprise basically the placement of brackets on bands which are placed on the patients teeth, each bracket having a groove built therein for the reception of the arch wire. The orthodontist would then mount the arch wire in the individual bracket grooves and place bends in the arch wire which would result in various force vectors for moving the individual teeth to their desired positions. These force vectors are required for tipping the teeth toward or away from the adjacent teeth. Torquing the teeth, i.e., angulating them toward or away from the center of the mouth was accomplished by placing a twist in the arch wire along its longitudinal axis and moving the teeth in and out parallel to themselves toward the center or away from the center of the mouth and forward and back in dental arch. Other required or desired force vectors would be, as in the case of extractions, compensation for tooth rotation resulting in an attempt to move the tooth toward or away from another tooth and tip compensation to avoid the tooth tipping as it is moved toward or away from adjacent teeth. Other considerations involved in making these complex bends in the arch wire would be the compensations for the haphazard mounting of the brackets due to the outer contour of the tooth in two directions, i.e., horizontally and vertically, and general arch wire geometry. As can be appreciated, these complex vectors resulted at best in an approximation of the proper bends to be placed in the wire and depended a great deal on the individual orthodontic skill, dexterity and experience of the operator. This problem is magnified in the case of a partnership practice since few operators have sufficiently identical techniques to maintain a continuity of movement where succeeding arch wires are installed by different operators. This, of course caused considerable jiggling of teeth, i.e., partial retracing of previous movement together with the disadvantages attendant therewith, such as root resorption.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION According to the invention, the bracket or tooth band for each individual tooth has a plurality of dimensions built in which, when Coupled to an unbent arch wire, result in the desired force vectors being applied to the tooth. 'At the present time, there are a total of eight dimensions being taken into consideration. The first two to be considered is the curvature on the band side of the bracket which consists of two radii at right angles to each other, taking into consideration the outer contour of the individual tooth since this varies from tooth to tooth, e.g., from the central incisor to a molar. This contour consideration gives meaning to the other built-in force vectors since it supplies a consistent starting point. The prior art haphazard mounting of the bracket to the band results in the absence of this consideration.

The next dimension takes into consideration the arch wire geometry, i.e., the radius of curvature of the arch wire at the point of Contact with the individual bracket. The other angles are built into the groove which receives the arch wire or to the tooth band. These angles result in torquing, and tipping forces, and an in-out force. In the extraction case, tip compensation and rotation compensation angles are also built into the arch wire grooves or tooth band. Relative thickness of the bracket from the tooth to the inner face of the groove determines the in-out force.

It has been found that at least percent of the malocclusions fall into three basic types which can be accommodated by nine basic sets of appliances. These can be subdivided into finer sets taking into consideration extraction and non-extraction cases. With these basic sets, a saving of from 15 to 75 minutes for each arch wire installation is made by each orthodontist, as well as an improved result by removing the guess work from the installation of the brackets and bands because the built-in angles in the brackets or bands predetermine their final arrangement.

An object of the present invention is the provision of a method and apparatus for an improved orthodontic bracket and arch wire technique.

Another object is to provide a method and apparatus for improved orthodontic bracket and arch wire technique for providing uniform results regardless of individual skill.

A further object of the invention is the provision of the method and apparatus for improved orthodontic bracket and arch wire technique which is faster and more uniform in results.

Still another object is to provide a method and apparatus for improved orthodontic bracket and arch wire technique having desired force vectors built into the orthodontic bracket or tooth band.

Yet another object is to provide a method and apparatus for an improved orthodontic bracket and arch wire technique which obviates or minimizes the necessity of placing bends in the arch wire.

Other objects and many of the attendant advantages will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when con sidered in connection with the accompanying drawings in which like reference numerals designate like parts throughout the figures thereof and wherein:

FIG. 1 is a front elevation view of a typical prior art orthodontic bracket and arch wire installation;

FIG. 2 is a front elevation view of a typical installation of the orthodontic bracket and arch wire technique of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a top view of a typical prior art orthodontic bracket and arch wire installation;

FIG. 4 is a top view of a typical installation of the orthodontic bracket and arch wire technique of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the preferred embodiment of a typical orthodontic bracket according to the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a top view showing a schematic representation of a typical orthodontic bracket and arch wire installation according to the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a top view showing a schematic representation of the present invention as applied to an extraction case; and,

FIGS. 8-19 show various views of orthodontic brackets according to the present invention having various corrective force vectors built in as applied to different teeth in a typical case;

FIGS. 20-28 illustrate various views of tooth bands according to the present invention, having various corrective force vectors built in as applied to different teeth in a typical case.

Referring to FIGS. I and 3,'a plurality of teeth is shown each having a tooth band 22 mounted thereon to which an orthodontic bracket 23 is attached. Each orthodontic bracket 23 has a groove which receives arch wire 25. Arch wire 25 has a plurality of bends 26.

Referring to FIGS. 2 and 4, a plurality of teeth 21 is again shown each carrying a tooth band 22. An orthodontic bracket 24 is attached to each tooth band. Each orthodontic bracket 24 has grooves with built-in angles substantially parallel to effect passage of an unbent arch wires 25, 25B and 25C therein.

Referring to FIG. 5 an orthodontic bracket 24 has arch wire grooves 51, 52, and 53 with a back portion 28 adapted to conform to the contour ofa tooth band.

Referring to FIG. 6, a typical patients mouth is shown having central incisors 31, lateral incisors 32, cuspids 33, first bicuspids 34, second bicuspids 35, first molars 36 and second molars 37. Each of these teeth has an orthodontic bracket 24 attached thereto (by a tooth band not shown). Each of said orthodontic brackets 24 has grooves for receiving arch wires 25 and 25B therein.

Referring to FIG. 7, an extraction case is illustrated wherein a space generally shown at 41 is to be filled by tooth 42 by moving it parallel to itself toward tooth 43. Here bracket 24 has an angle E built in which compensates for rotation in the direction of arrow 44 and accomplishes a movement of the tooth 42 linearly in the direction of arrow 46. A tipping compensation angle B or B (FIGS. l0, 16, 12 and 18) would also be utilized.

Referring to FIGS. 8-13, typical angles, radii and dimensions are shown on brackets 24 for a patients right upper teeth. These angles are shown as A, A, B, B and D. The radii are shown as R, R and R" and one critical dimension is shown at C (FIG. 11).

Referring to FIGS. 1419, a group of orthodontic brackets 24 are shown for the left upper teeth complementing the set shown and described with reference to FIGS. 6-11. Again, angles A, A, B, B, and D are shown together with radii R, R, R" and dimension C (FIG. 17).

Angles A and A represent torquing angles, B and B represent tipping angles and dimension C results in an in-out force vector. Radii R and R" correspond to the outer contour of the tooth and are at right angles to each other. Radius R conforms to the radius of curvature of the arch wire geometry at that point. The following chart tabulates typical dimensions and angles for a set of these brackets, where dimensions C, R, R and R" are in inches and angles A, A, B, B and D are in degrees. The dimensions and angles shown cover right uppers and left lowers in this exemplary set. The left uppers and right lowers would have the same figures but would constitute a mirror image of the right uppers and left lowers.

The angles shown would apply to all of the grooves in the brackets, i.e., front grooves 51, top grooves 52, and bottom grooves 53. It is pointed out that in orthodontic arch wire techniques as set out in this application, it is contemplated that top or bottom grooves 52 or 53 would be utilized either alone or in conjunction with front groove 51. Where front groove 51 is not utilized, the in-out dimension and resulting force is determined by the distance from the inner side of the top and/or bottom groove 52 or 53 and the tooth. It will be seen below this can be varied by varying the dimensions of the bracket and/or modifications to the tooth band.

A A B 13' C R R R I) Right uppers:

Central 7.0 5.0 5.0 .050 1.00 .50 1.0 Lateral 0 0 0.0 0.0 .068 .500 .50 .80 0 Cuspirl 7.2 10.8 16.8 .033 .150 1.0 .75 0 1stl)icuspid 5.0 4.0 0 .037 .156 1.0 .75 0 2nd bicuspidh 0.0 2.3 -3.7 .033 .156 1.0 .40 0 1st1nolnr 0.0 4.7 1.3 .015 .500 1.5 .50 7 2nd incl-.111. 12. 0 4. 7 -1. 3 023 500 1. 50 0 Loft lowers:

( tlli.l't\i.. 5.0 2.4 5.0 .074 .187 .50 1.5 0 lntlmztl. 5. 0 2. 4 5. 0 074 218 50 1. 5 0 (llispitl l0.5 5. 3 10.5 .045 .187 1.0 .75 0 ls'l. hit-.Hsliiil l7. 0 2.0 0 .025 .156 1. 0 50 0 2m! hit-.lls'pitl 22. 0 3. ti 2. 2 .020 .140 1.0 25 0 Isl. nmlgir 30.0 3.0 .2 4 015 500 1.5 .25 7 35.0 3.0 2 4 023 500 L5 .25 0

Referring to FIG. 20, tooth band 54 is shown in spatial relationship with wedge members 56 and 57. Through the utilization of wedge members 56 and 57, a laminate structure is added to tooth band 54 which effects the same torquing angle as shown in FIG. 7.

Referring to FIG. 21, tooth band 54 is shown in spatial relationship with wedge 58. It is contemplated that wedge 58 would be supplied separately to the orthodontist and would be attached to the tooth band in place of the laminate structure shown in FIG. 20.

Referring to FIGS. 22, tooth band 54 has a stamped protrusion 59 which efiects the same angulation or torque as the structure of FIGS. 20 and 21.

Referring to FIG. 23, wedges 61 and 62 are shown in spatial relationship with tooth band 54 and are angulated for effecting a torquing force vector.

Referring to FIG. 24 a single wedge member 63 is shown in spatial relationship with tooth band 54. Wedge member 63 takes the place of laminates 61 and 62 of FIG. 23.

Referring to FIG. 25, a stamped-out raised portion 64 is shown on tooth band 54 which effects the same torquing force vector as in FIGS. 23 and 24.

Referring to FIG. 26, laminates 66 and 67 are shown in spatial relationship with tooth band 54 for effecting an in-out force which would substitute for varying the thickness of the bracket itself.

Referring to FIG. 27, laminates 66 and 67 are replaced with a single build-up member 68, also for effecting the in-out force vector.

Referring to FIG. 28, stamped raised portion 69 is shown on tooth band 54 also for effecting an in-out force vector.

It should be understood, of course, that the foregoing disclosure relates to only a preferred embodiment of the invention and that it is intended to cover all changes and modifications of the examples of the invention herein chosen for the purposes of the disclosure which do not constitute departures from the spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A set of orthodontic brackets comprising:

a plurality of brackets having front faces and back sides;

each of said back sides being adapted for mounting to a predetermined tooth having a specific contour, said back sides being specifically contoured for cooperation therewith; and

said front sides having a groove recessed therein for the reception of an arch wire, said grooves having predetermined depth and angulation for creating force vectors operable for straightening teeth of a patient upon installation of unbent arch wire therein.

2. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 1 wherein:

each of said grooves has a radius of curvature substantially equal to a predetermined radius of curvature of an unbent arch wire after the complete installation thereof.

3. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 1 wherein:

the distance from said back sides to the outer faces of said brackets conforms to overall curvature of an installed but unbent arch wire geometry. 4. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 1 wherein: at least one of said grooves has a vertical angle with respect to an axis of a predetermined tooth for creating a predetermined force vector for tipping said predetermined tooth a predetermined amount upon installation of an unbent arch wire. 5. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 1 wherein: the distance from said back sides to the inner faces of said grooves is predetermined to create a predetermined inout force vector from an installed but unbent arch wire on a predetermined tooth.

6. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 1 wherein:

the outer face of at least one of said brackets and the back side of said at least one of said brackets are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a vertical plane for creating a predetermined torquing angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from an installed but unbent arch wire.

7. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 1 wherein:

the outer face of at least one of said brackets and the back side of said at least one of said brackets are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a horizontal plane for creating a rotating angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from an installed but unbent arch wire.

8. A set of orthodontic brackets comprising:

a plurality of brackets each having a front face and a back side;

said front face having a groove recessed therein for the reception of an arch wire, said grooves having predetermined depth and angulation for creating force vectors operable for straightening teeth of a patient upon installation of an unbent arch wire thereon; and

said back side being adapted for mounting to a predetermined tooth, the distance from said back side to the outer face of said bracket conforming to overall curvature of an installed but unbent arch wire geometry.

9. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 8 wherein:

each of said back sides is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth.

10. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 8 wherein:

each of said back sides is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and

said groove has a radius of curvature substantially equal to a predetermined radius of curvature of an unbent arch wire after the complete installation thereof.

11. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 8 wherein:

each of said back sides is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and

at least one of said grooves has a vertical angle with respect to an axis of a predetermined tooth for creating a predetermined force vector for tipping said predetermined tooth a predetermined amount after the installation of an unbent arch wire.

12. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 8 wherein:

each of said back sides is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and

the distance from said back side to the inner face of at least one of said grooves is predetermined to create a predetermined in-out force vector from completely installed but unbent arch wire on a predetermined tooth.

13. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 8 wherein:

each of said back sides is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and

the outer face of at least one of said brackets and the back side of said at least one of said brackets are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a vertical plane for creating a predetermined torquing angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from a completely installed but unbent arch wire.

14. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 8 wherein:

each of said back sides is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and

the outer face of at least one of said brackets and the back side of said at least one of said brackets are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a horizontal plane for creating a rotating angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from a completely installed but unbent arch wire.

15. A set of orthodontic brackets comprising:

a plurality of brackets having a front face and a back side and top and bottom sides;

said back side being adapted for mounting to a predetermined tooth having a specific contour, said back side being specifically contoured for cooperation therewith;

one of said top and bottom sides having a groove recessed therein for the reception of an arch wire, said grooves having predetermined depth and angulation for creating force vectors operable for straightening teeth of a patient upon installation of an unbent arch wire thereon; and

the distance from said back side to the outer face of said bracket conforms to overall curvature of an installed nut unbent arch wire geometry.

16. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 15 wherein:

each of said grooves has a radius of curvature substantially equal to a predetermined radius of curvature of an unbent arch wire after the complete installation thereof.

17. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 15 wherein:

at least one of said grooves has a vertical angle with respect to an axis of a predetermined tooth for creating a predetermined force vector for tipping said predetermined tooth a predetermined amount upon installation of an unbent arch wire.

18. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 15 wherein:

the distance from said back side to the inner face of at least one of said groove is predetermined to create a predetermined in-out force vector from an installed but unbent arch wire on a predetermined tooth.

19. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 15 wherein:

the inner face of at least one of said grooves and the back side of at least one of said brackets are angularly displaced a predetermined torquing angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from an installed but unbent arch wire.

20. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 15 wherein:

the inner face of at least one of said grooves and the back side of at least one of said brackets are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a horizontal plane for creating a rotating angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from an installed but unbent arch wire.

21. A set of orthodontic brackets comprising:

a plurality of brackets having a front face and a back side and top bottom sides;

one of said top and bottom side having a groove recessed therein for the reception of an arch wire, said grooves having predetermined depth and angulation for creating force vectors operable for straightening teeth of a patient upon installation of an unbent arch wire thereon; and

said back side being adapted for mounting to a predetermined tooth, the distance from said back side of the bracket to the inner face of said groove conforming to overall curvature of an installed but unbent arch wire geometry.

22. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 21 wherein:

each of said back sides is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and

said grooves have a radius of curvature substantially equal to a predetermined radius of curvature of an unbent arch wire after the complete installation thereof.

23. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 21 wherein:

said back side is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and

at least one of said grooves has a vertical angle with respect to an axis of a predetermined tooth for creating a predetermined force vector for tipping said predetermined tooth a predetermined amount after the installation of an unbent arch wire.

24. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 21 wherein:

said back side is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and

the distance from said back side to the inner face of at least one of said grooves is predetermined to create a predetermined in-out force vector from a completely installed but unbent arch wire on a predetermined tooth.

25. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 19 wherein:

said back side is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and

the inner face of at least one of said grooves and the back side of at least one of said brackets are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a vertical plane for creating a predetermined torquing angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from a completely installed but unbent arch wire.

26. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 21 wherein:

said back side is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and

the inner face of at least one of said grooves and the back side of at least one of said brackets are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a horizontal plane for creating a rotating angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from a completely installed but unbent arch wire.

27. An orthodontic bracket and tooth band combination comprising:

a tooth band adapted for attachment to a tooth;

a bracket adapted for attachment to said tooth band and having a groove recessed therein for the reception of an arch wire;

said tooth band including means for varying the distance from said tooth to the inner face of said groove to confonn to overall curvature of an installed but unbent arch wire geometry.

28. The orthodontic bracket of claim 27 wherein:

said means has a vertical angle with respect to an axis of a predetermined tooth for creating a predetermined force vector for tipping said predetermined tooth a predetermined amount after the installation of an unbent arch wire.

29. The orthodontic bracket ofclaim 27 wherein;

the outer face of said means and the axis of said tooth are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a vertical plane for creating a predetermined torquing angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from a completely installed but unbent arch wire.

30. The orthodontic bracket of claim 27 wherein:

the outer face of said means and the axis of said tooth are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a horizontal plane for creating a rotating angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from a completely installed but unbent arch wire.

Disclaimer 3,660,900.La/w1'ence F. Andmws, La Jolla, Calif. METHOD AND AP- PARATUS FOR IMPROVED ORTHODONTIC BRACKET AND ARCH IRE TECHNIQUE. Patent dated May 9, 1972. Disclaimer filed Oct. 27, 1976, by the assignee, A-00mp0my, Inc. The term of this patent subsequent to- Nov. 11, 1986, has been disclaimed.

[Ofiicz'al Gazette January 11, 1977.]

Claims (30)

1. A set of orthodontic brackets comprising: a plurality of brackets having front faces and back sides; each of said back sides being adapted for mounting to a predetermined tooth having a specific contour, said back sides being specifically contoured for cooperation therewith; and said front sides having a groove recessed therein for the reception of an arch wire, said grooves having predetermined depth and angulation for creating force vectors operable for straightening teeth of a patient upon installation of unbent arch wire therein.
2. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 1 wherein: each of said grooves has a radius of curvature substantially equal to a predetermined radius of curvature of an unbent arch wire after the complete installation thereof.
3. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 1 wherein: the distance from said back sides to the outer faces of said brackets conforms to overall curvature of an installed but unbent arch wire geometry.
4. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 1 wherein: at least one of said grooves has a vertical angle with respect to an axis of a predetermined tooth for creating a predetermined force vector for tipping said predetermined tooth a predetermined amount upon installation of an unbent arch wire.
5. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 1 wherein: the distance from said back sides to the inner faces of said grooves is predetermined to create a predetermined in-out force vector from an installed but unbent arch wire on a predetermined tooth.
6. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 1 wherein: the outer face of at Least one of said brackets and the back side of said at least one of said brackets are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a vertical plane for creating a predetermined torquing angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from an installed but unbent arch wire.
7. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 1 wherein: the outer face of at least one of said brackets and the back side of said at least one of said brackets are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a horizontal plane for creating a rotating angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from an installed but unbent arch wire.
8. A set of orthodontic brackets comprising: a plurality of brackets each having a front face and a back side; said front face having a groove recessed therein for the reception of an arch wire, said grooves having predetermined depth and angulation for creating force vectors operable for straightening teeth of a patient upon installation of an unbent arch wire thereon; and said back side being adapted for mounting to a predetermined tooth, the distance from said back side to the outer face of said bracket conforming to overall curvature of an installed but unbent arch wire geometry.
9. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 8 wherein: each of said back sides is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth.
10. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 8 wherein: each of said back sides is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and said groove has a radius of curvature substantially equal to a predetermined radius of curvature of an unbent arch wire after the complete installation thereof.
11. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 8 wherein: each of said back sides is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and at least one of said grooves has a vertical angle with respect to an axis of a predetermined tooth for creating a predetermined force vector for tipping said predetermined tooth a predetermined amount after the installation of an unbent arch wire.
12. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 8 wherein: each of said back sides is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and the distance from said back side to the inner face of at least one of said grooves is predetermined to create a predetermined in-out force vector from completely installed but unbent arch wire on a predetermined tooth.
13. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 8 wherein: each of said back sides is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and the outer face of at least one of said brackets and the back side of said at least one of said brackets are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a vertical plane for creating a predetermined torquing angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from a completely installed but unbent arch wire.
14. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 8 wherein: each of said back sides is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and the outer face of at least one of said brackets and the back side of said at least one of said brackets are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a horizontal plane for creating a rotating angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from a completely installed but unbent arch wire.
15. A set of orthodontic brackets comprising: a plurality of brackets having a front face and a back side and top and bottom sides; said back side being adapted for mounting to a predetermined tooth having a specific contour, said back side being specifically contoured for cooperation therewith; one of said top and bottom sides having a groove recessed therein for the reception of an arch wire, said grooves having predetermined depth and angulation for creating forCe vectors operable for straightening teeth of a patient upon installation of an unbent arch wire thereon; and the distance from said back side to the outer face of said bracket conforms to overall curvature of an installed nut unbent arch wire geometry.
16. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 15 wherein: each of said grooves has a radius of curvature substantially equal to a predetermined radius of curvature of an unbent arch wire after the complete installation thereof.
17. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 15 wherein: at least one of said grooves has a vertical angle with respect to an axis of a predetermined tooth for creating a predetermined force vector for tipping said predetermined tooth a predetermined amount upon installation of an unbent arch wire.
18. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 15 wherein: the distance from said back side to the inner face of at least one of said groove is predetermined to create a predetermined in-out force vector from an installed but unbent arch wire on a predetermined tooth.
19. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 15 wherein: the inner face of at least one of said grooves and the back side of at least one of said brackets are angularly displaced a predetermined torquing angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from an installed but unbent arch wire.
20. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 15 wherein: the inner face of at least one of said grooves and the back side of at least one of said brackets are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a horizontal plane for creating a rotating angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from an installed but unbent arch wire.
21. A set of orthodontic brackets comprising: a plurality of brackets having a front face and a back side and top bottom sides; one of said top and bottom side having a groove recessed therein for the reception of an arch wire, said grooves having predetermined depth and angulation for creating force vectors operable for straightening teeth of a patient upon installation of an unbent arch wire thereon; and said back side being adapted for mounting to a predetermined tooth, the distance from said back side of the bracket to the inner face of said groove conforming to overall curvature of an installed but unbent arch wire geometry.
22. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 21 wherein: each of said back sides is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and said grooves have a radius of curvature substantially equal to a predetermined radius of curvature of an unbent arch wire after the complete installation thereof.
23. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 21 wherein: said back side is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and at least one of said grooves has a vertical angle with respect to an axis of a predetermined tooth for creating a predetermined force vector for tipping said predetermined tooth a predetermined amount after the installation of an unbent arch wire.
24. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 21 wherein: said back side is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and the distance from said back side to the inner face of at least one of said grooves is predetermined to create a predetermined in-out force vector from a completely installed but unbent arch wire on a predetermined tooth.
25. The set of orthodontic brackets of claim 19 wherein: said back side is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and the inner face of at least one of said grooves and the back side of at least one of said brackets are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a vertical plane for creating a predetermined torquing angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from a completely installed but unbent arch wire.
26. THe set of orthodontic brackets of claim 21 wherein: said back side is specifically contoured for cooperation with a predetermined tooth having a specific contour; and the inner face of at least one of said grooves and the back side of at least one of said brackets are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a horizontal plane for creating a rotating angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from a completely installed but unbent arch wire.
27. An orthodontic bracket and tooth band combination comprising: a tooth band adapted for attachment to a tooth; a bracket adapted for attachment to said tooth band and having a groove recessed therein for the reception of an arch wire; said tooth band including means for varying the distance from said tooth to the inner face of said groove to conform to overall curvature of an installed but unbent arch wire geometry.
28. The orthodontic bracket of claim 27 wherein: said means has a vertical angle with respect to an axis of a predetermined tooth for creating a predetermined force vector for tipping said predetermined tooth a predetermined amount after the installation of an unbent arch wire.
29. The orthodontic bracket of claim 27 wherein; the outer face of said means and the axis of said tooth are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a vertical plane for creating a predetermined torquing angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from a completely installed but unbent arch wire.
30. The orthodontic bracket of claim 27 wherein: the outer face of said means and the axis of said tooth are angularly displaced a predetermined amount in a horizontal plane for creating a rotating angle force vector on a predetermined tooth from a completely installed but unbent arch wire.
US3660900A 1969-11-10 1969-11-10 Method and apparatus for improved orthodontic bracket and arch wire technique Expired - Lifetime US3660900A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US87508669 true 1969-11-10 1969-11-10

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3660900A true US3660900A (en) 1972-05-09

Family

ID=25365182

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3660900A Expired - Lifetime US3660900A (en) 1969-11-10 1969-11-10 Method and apparatus for improved orthodontic bracket and arch wire technique

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3660900A (en)

Cited By (171)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS4968592A (en) * 1972-11-08 1974-07-03
US3881252A (en) * 1972-05-01 1975-05-06 Lawrence F Andrews Orthodontic bracket extraction
DE2600380A1 (en) * 1975-03-25 1977-02-24 Eugene L Dellinger A process for preparing a Orthodontic device
US4123844A (en) * 1976-12-20 1978-11-07 Kurz Craven H Vibrational mouth pad orthodontic appliance
US4183141A (en) * 1977-12-05 1980-01-15 Dellinger Eugene L Method and apparatus for treating malocclusion
US4415330A (en) * 1979-05-04 1983-11-15 Sybron Corporation Orthodontic bracket assembly
US4561844A (en) * 1984-10-09 1985-12-31 Bates Lyn V Orthodontic bracket
US4597739A (en) * 1985-05-21 1986-07-01 Farel Rosenberg Tow element bracket system for true straight wire orthodontics
US4659309A (en) * 1985-04-25 1987-04-21 American Orthodontics Corporation Orthodontic bracket with rhomboidal profile
US4669980A (en) * 1984-11-05 1987-06-02 Degnan Edward V Orthodontic appliance
US5028232A (en) * 1989-05-03 1991-07-02 Snow Michael D Apparatus and method for calibrating physiologic dental occlusion and determining optimal individual orthodontic appliance prescription
US5044945A (en) * 1990-05-22 1991-09-03 Rmo, Inc. Slot for orthodontic brackets and method
EP0463254A1 (en) * 1990-06-27 1992-01-02 Orthodontic Research Australia Pty. Limited Orthodontic bracket
US5139419A (en) * 1990-01-19 1992-08-18 Ormco Corporation Method of forming an orthodontic brace
EP0502227A1 (en) * 1991-03-06 1992-09-09 Ormco Corporation Method of forming orthodontic brace and orthodontic brace formed by such method
US5238404A (en) * 1992-04-27 1993-08-24 Ormco Corporation Orthodontic brace for positioning teeth
US5248257A (en) * 1990-12-13 1993-09-28 Cannon James L Orthodontic bracket system
US5292248A (en) * 1991-10-24 1994-03-08 Gac International, Inc. Molar appliance
US5374187A (en) * 1993-11-02 1994-12-20 Vashi; Nikhil S. Orthodontic appliance
US5395238A (en) * 1990-01-19 1995-03-07 Ormco Corporation Method of forming orthodontic brace
US5431562A (en) * 1990-01-19 1995-07-11 Ormco Corporation Method and apparatus for designing and forming a custom orthodontic appliance and for the straightening of teeth therewith
US5447432A (en) * 1990-01-19 1995-09-05 Ormco Corporation Custom orthodontic archwire forming method and apparatus
US5454717A (en) * 1990-01-19 1995-10-03 Ormco Corporation Custom orthodontic brackets and bracket forming method and apparatus
US5464347A (en) * 1993-11-08 1995-11-07 Allesee; Timothy J. Hybrid orthodontic bracket system and method
US5464349A (en) * 1993-11-09 1995-11-07 Ormco Corporation Orthodontic appliance providing for mesial rotation of molars
US5474448A (en) * 1990-01-19 1995-12-12 Ormco Corporation Low profile orthodontic appliance
US5474444A (en) * 1988-09-26 1995-12-12 Wildman; Alexander J. Multiwire arch system
EP0696444A2 (en) 1994-08-04 1996-02-14 Ormco Corporation Orthodontic appliance and group standardized brackets therefor and methods of making, assembling and using appliance to straighten teeth
USRE35169E (en) * 1989-01-24 1996-03-05 Ormco Corporation Method for determining orthodontic bracket placement
US5511976A (en) * 1993-09-14 1996-04-30 Wildman; Alexander J. Lingual bracket with hinged camming closure
WO1996039093A1 (en) 1995-06-05 1996-12-12 Wildman Alexander J Lingual bracket with hinged camming closure and releasable lock
US5683243A (en) * 1992-11-09 1997-11-04 Ormco Corporation Custom orthodontic appliance forming apparatus
US5791897A (en) * 1992-02-26 1998-08-11 Wildman; Alexander J. Multiwire arch system with improved interarch connector
US5813853A (en) * 1996-03-26 1998-09-29 Kesling; Peter C. Torque/rotation base for orthodontic attachment and method of making same
US5820370A (en) * 1993-11-08 1998-10-13 Ortho Specialties Preadjusted orthodontic bracket system and method
US5823771A (en) * 1997-05-27 1998-10-20 Nord; Philip J. Vertical straight wire orthodontic aplliance having interchangeable anchor components
US5927971A (en) * 1992-03-18 1999-07-27 De Baets; Jan Orthodontic device
US5975893A (en) * 1997-06-20 1999-11-02 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for incrementally moving teeth
WO2000019929A1 (en) 1998-10-08 2000-04-13 Align Technology, Inc. Computer automated development of an orthodontic treatment plan and appliance
US6227850B1 (en) 1999-05-13 2001-05-08 Align Technology, Inc. Teeth viewing system
US6318994B1 (en) 1999-05-13 2001-11-20 Align Technology, Inc Tooth path treatment plan
US20020055800A1 (en) * 2000-02-17 2002-05-09 Sergey Nikolskiy Efficient data representation of teeth model
US6386878B1 (en) 2000-08-16 2002-05-14 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for removing gingiva from teeth
US6406292B1 (en) 1999-05-13 2002-06-18 Align Technology, Inc. System for determining final position of teeth
US6409504B1 (en) 1997-06-20 2002-06-25 Align Technology, Inc. Manipulating a digital dentition model to form models of individual dentition components
US6450807B1 (en) 1997-06-20 2002-09-17 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for positioning teeth
US6471511B1 (en) 1997-06-20 2002-10-29 Align Technology, Inc. Defining tooth-moving appliances computationally
US20020187451A1 (en) * 2000-04-25 2002-12-12 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for varying elastic modulus appliances
US20020192617A1 (en) * 2000-04-25 2002-12-19 Align Technology, Inc. Embedded features and methods of a dental appliance
US6497574B1 (en) 2000-09-08 2002-12-24 Align Technology, Inc. Modified tooth positioning appliances and methods and systems for their manufacture
US20030008259A1 (en) * 1997-06-20 2003-01-09 Align Technology, Inc. Dental decals and method of application
US6514074B1 (en) 1999-05-14 2003-02-04 Align Technology, Inc. Digitally modeling the deformation of gingival
US20030101079A1 (en) * 2001-11-27 2003-05-29 3M Innovative Properties Company Method for the enhancement of orthodontic treatments
US6572372B1 (en) 2000-04-25 2003-06-03 Align Technology, Inc. Embedded features and methods of a dental appliance
US20030134251A1 (en) * 2002-01-16 2003-07-17 Mcgann Benson D. Archwire system
US20030139834A1 (en) * 2000-02-17 2003-07-24 Align Technology, Inc. Efficient data representation of teeth model
US6607382B1 (en) 2000-09-21 2003-08-19 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for concurrent tooth repositioning and substance delivery
US20030198911A1 (en) * 2002-04-18 2003-10-23 Align Technology, Inc. A Delaware Corporation Systems and methods for improved engagement between aligners and teeth
US20030198917A1 (en) * 2000-04-25 2003-10-23 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for modeling bite registration
US20030203334A1 (en) * 1998-12-04 2003-10-30 Align Technology, Inc. Manipulable dental model system for fabrication of a dental appliance
US20030207227A1 (en) * 2002-05-02 2003-11-06 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for treating patients
US20030219691A1 (en) * 1999-01-15 2003-11-27 Align Technology, Inc System and method for producing tooth movement
US20030235803A1 (en) * 2002-06-21 2003-12-25 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for automated bite-setting of tooth models
US20040023188A1 (en) * 2000-08-16 2004-02-05 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for removing gingiva from computer tooth models
US20040023183A1 (en) * 1999-05-13 2004-02-05 Align Technology, Inc. System and methods for dental treatment planning
US6688886B2 (en) 2000-03-30 2004-02-10 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for separating three-dimensional models
US20040038168A1 (en) * 2002-08-22 2004-02-26 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for treatment analysis by teeth matching
US20040048223A1 (en) * 1997-06-20 2004-03-11 Align Technology, Inc. Attachment devices and methods for a dental appliance
US6726478B1 (en) 2000-10-30 2004-04-27 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for bite-setting teeth models
US20040128010A1 (en) * 2000-02-17 2004-07-01 Align Technology, Inc. Efficient data representation of teeth model
US20040142299A1 (en) * 2000-04-25 2004-07-22 Align Technology, Inc. Methods for correcting deviations in preplanned tooth rearrangements
US20040152036A1 (en) * 2002-09-10 2004-08-05 Amir Abolfathi Architecture for treating teeth
US6783360B2 (en) 2000-12-13 2004-08-31 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for positioning teeth
US20040175671A1 (en) * 1997-06-20 2004-09-09 Align Technology, Inc. Subdividing a digital dentition model
US20040175669A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2004-09-09 Norbert Abels Custom-fitted orthodontic bracket manufactured by computerized and selective removal of portions of a bracket
US20040191719A1 (en) * 2002-01-10 2004-09-30 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for positioning teeth
US20040197728A1 (en) * 2002-09-10 2004-10-07 Amir Abolfathi Architecture for treating teeth
US6802713B1 (en) 1998-10-08 2004-10-12 Align Technology, Inc. Defining tooth-moving appliances computationally
US20040202983A1 (en) * 2001-09-28 2004-10-14 Align Technology, Inc. Method and kits for forming pontics in polymeric shell aligners
US20040209218A1 (en) * 1998-11-30 2004-10-21 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for releasing tooth positioning appliances
US20040229185A1 (en) * 2003-02-26 2004-11-18 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for fabricating a dental template with a 3-D object placement
US20040229183A1 (en) * 2001-10-29 2004-11-18 Peter Knopp Polar attachment devices and method for a dental appliance
US20040243361A1 (en) * 2002-08-19 2004-12-02 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for providing mass customization
US20040253562A1 (en) * 2003-02-26 2004-12-16 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for fabricating a dental template
US20050003319A1 (en) * 2003-07-01 2005-01-06 Align Technology, Inc. Dental appliance sequence ordering system and method
US20050026102A1 (en) * 2000-12-29 2005-02-03 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for treating teeth
US20050042569A1 (en) * 2003-02-26 2005-02-24 Phan Loc X. Systems and methods for fabricating a dental template
US20050048432A1 (en) * 2002-08-22 2005-03-03 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for treatment analysis by teeth matching
US20050064360A1 (en) * 2003-02-26 2005-03-24 Huafeng Wen Systems and methods for combination treatments of dental patients
US20050106528A1 (en) * 2003-11-19 2005-05-19 Align Technology, Inc. Dental tray containing radiopaque materials
US20050175955A1 (en) * 2004-02-06 2005-08-11 Andreas Niederwanger Method of determining the selection of brackets which are to be used in the orthodontic treatment of teeth malposition
US20050182654A1 (en) * 2004-02-14 2005-08-18 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for providing treatment planning
US20050186524A1 (en) * 2004-02-24 2005-08-25 Align Technology, Inc. Arch expander
US6947038B1 (en) 2000-04-27 2005-09-20 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for generating an appliance with tie points
US20050208449A1 (en) * 2004-03-19 2005-09-22 Align Technology, Inc. Root-based tooth moving sequencing
US20050246154A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-11-03 Align Technology, Inc. Dynamically specifying a view
US20050244781A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-11-03 Norbert Abels Orthodontic treatment method for concurrent correction of multiple conditions
US20050244780A1 (en) * 2004-04-30 2005-11-03 Norbert Abels Torque spring for double wire orthodontic treatment
US20050244791A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-11-03 Align Technology, Inc. Interproximal reduction treatment planning
US20050244774A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-11-03 Norbert Abels Orthodontic bracket system comprising multiple brackets having multiple aligned slots
US20060099547A1 (en) * 2004-11-05 2006-05-11 Knopp Peter G Systems and methods for substituting virtual dental appliances
US20060097422A1 (en) * 2004-11-08 2006-05-11 Diamond Andrew J Method for performing surgery and appliances produced thereby
US20060121408A1 (en) * 2002-02-28 2006-06-08 Align Technology, Inc. Manipulable dental model system for fabrication of a dental appliance
US7059850B1 (en) 1997-06-20 2006-06-13 Align Technology, Inc. Attachment devices and methods for a dental appliance
US7063532B1 (en) 1997-06-20 2006-06-20 Align Technology, Inc. Subdividing a digital dentition model
US7092784B1 (en) 2000-07-28 2006-08-15 Align Technology Systems and methods for forming an object
WO2006118771A2 (en) 2005-04-29 2006-11-09 Align Technology, Inc. Treatment of teeth by aligners
US20060257814A1 (en) * 1998-12-04 2006-11-16 Align Technology, Inc. Methods for correcting tooth movements midcourse in treatment
US7245977B1 (en) 2000-07-20 2007-07-17 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for mass customization
WO2008053269A1 (en) * 2006-10-31 2008-05-08 Negret Cordoba, Marcel Brackets and method for teeth alignment with woven wire
US7383198B1 (en) 2000-07-24 2008-06-03 Align Technology, Inc. Delivery information systems and methods
US20080182220A1 (en) * 1997-06-20 2008-07-31 Align Technology, Inc. Computer automated development of an orthodontic treatment plan and appliance
US20080268400A1 (en) * 1998-10-08 2008-10-30 Align Technology, Inc. Dental appliance reinforcement
US20080293007A1 (en) * 2004-11-30 2008-11-27 Chunhua Li Systems and methods for intra-oral drug delivery
US20080306724A1 (en) * 2007-06-08 2008-12-11 Align Technology, Inc. Treatment planning and progress tracking systems and methods
US20080305451A1 (en) * 2007-06-08 2008-12-11 Ian Kitching System and method for detecting deviations during the course of an orthodontic treatment to gradually reposition teeth
US20080305452A1 (en) * 2007-06-08 2008-12-11 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and method for management and delivery of orthodontic treatment
US20080305454A1 (en) * 2007-06-08 2008-12-11 Ian Kitching Treatment planning and progress tracking systems and methods
US20090087808A1 (en) * 2007-09-28 2009-04-02 Reika Ortho Technologies, Inc. Methods And Systems For Moving Teeth
US20090098502A1 (en) * 2006-02-28 2009-04-16 Ormco Corporation Software and Methods for Dental Treatment Planning
US20090191503A1 (en) * 2008-01-29 2009-07-30 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for optimizing dental aligner geometry
US20090291406A1 (en) * 2008-05-23 2009-11-26 Parshan Namiranian Orthodontic tooth movement device, systems and methods
US20100129762A1 (en) * 2008-11-24 2010-05-27 Align Technology, Inc. Dental appliance with simulated teeth and method for making
US20100129763A1 (en) * 2008-11-24 2010-05-27 Align Technology, Inc. Sequential sports guard
US20100138025A1 (en) * 2008-11-20 2010-06-03 Align Technology, Inc. Orthodontic systems and methods including parametric attachments
US7736147B2 (en) 2000-10-30 2010-06-15 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for bite-setting teeth models
US20100151404A1 (en) * 2008-12-12 2010-06-17 Align Technology, Inc. Tooth movement measurement by automatic impression matching
US7802987B1 (en) 1999-12-17 2010-09-28 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for lubricating dental appliances
US7828549B1 (en) 2007-10-31 2010-11-09 Wios, Llc Lingual self-ligating orthodontic bracket, and methods for making and using the same
US20110136072A1 (en) * 2009-12-08 2011-06-09 Aligan Technology, Inc. Tactile objects for orthodontics, systems and methods
US8047846B2 (en) 2004-12-14 2011-11-01 Align Technology, Inc. Preventing interference between tooth models
EP2529691A1 (en) * 2011-05-31 2012-12-05 DENTAURUM GmbH & Co. KG Orthodontic bracket and method for producing same
US8348665B2 (en) 2007-12-06 2013-01-08 Align Technology, Inc. Activatable dental appliance
US8401686B2 (en) 2008-12-18 2013-03-19 Align Technology, Inc. Reduced registration bonding template
US8562338B2 (en) 2007-06-08 2013-10-22 Align Technology, Inc. Treatment progress tracking and recalibration
US8641414B2 (en) 2011-10-10 2014-02-04 Align Technology, Inc. Automatic placement of precision cuts
US8899977B2 (en) 2008-01-29 2014-12-02 Align Technology, Inc. Orthodontic repositioning appliances having improved geometry, methods and systems
US8930219B2 (en) 2000-04-25 2015-01-06 Andrew Trosien Treatment analysis systems and methods
US8986003B2 (en) 2012-09-13 2015-03-24 Orthoaccel Technologies, Inc. Pearlescent white aligners
US9022781B2 (en) 2012-02-15 2015-05-05 Align Technology, Inc. Orthodontic appliances that accommodate incremental and continuous tooth movement, systems and methods
US9108338B2 (en) 2011-04-13 2015-08-18 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for thermal forming an object
US9125709B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2015-09-08 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for tracking teeth movement during orthodontic treatment
EP2932935A1 (en) 2005-03-07 2015-10-21 Align Technology, Inc. Variations of dental aligners
US9326830B2 (en) 2006-08-30 2016-05-03 Align Technology, Inc. Automated treatment staging for teeth
US9375298B2 (en) 2012-02-21 2016-06-28 Align Technology, Inc. Dental models and related methods
US9393087B2 (en) 2013-08-01 2016-07-19 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for generating color images
US9404740B2 (en) 2004-06-17 2016-08-02 Align Technology, Inc. Method and apparatus for colour imaging a three-dimensional structure
US9427916B2 (en) 2002-10-03 2016-08-30 Align Technology, Inc. Method for preparing a physical plaster model
US9539071B2 (en) 2004-02-24 2017-01-10 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for designing and producing dental prostheses and appliances
US9549794B2 (en) 2005-07-15 2017-01-24 Align Technology, Inc. Method for manipulating a dental virtual model, method for creating physical entities based on a dental virtual model thus manipulated, and dental models thus created
US9592103B2 (en) 1997-12-30 2017-03-14 Align Technology, Inc. Virtual orthodontic treatment
US9597165B2 (en) 2009-02-24 2017-03-21 Align Technology, Inc. Method, system and model for indirect bonding
US9615901B2 (en) 1998-08-05 2017-04-11 Align Technology, Inc. Method and apparatus for imaging three-dimensional structure
US9651419B2 (en) 2003-08-04 2017-05-16 Align Technology, Inc. Speckle reduction method and apparatus
US9655693B2 (en) 2012-05-14 2017-05-23 Align Technology, Inc. Multilayer dental appliances and related methods and systems
US9660418B2 (en) 2014-08-27 2017-05-23 Align Technology, Inc. VCSEL based low coherence emitter for confocal 3D scanner
US9668829B2 (en) 2012-12-19 2017-06-06 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for dental procedures
US9675429B2 (en) 2014-07-03 2017-06-13 Align Technology, Inc. Confocal surface topography measurement with fixed focal positions
US9683835B2 (en) 2005-03-03 2017-06-20 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for scanning an intraoral cavity
US9693839B2 (en) 2014-07-17 2017-07-04 Align Technology, Inc. Probe head and apparatus for intraoral confocal imaging using polarization-retarding coatings
US9724177B2 (en) 2014-08-19 2017-08-08 Align Technology, Inc. Viewfinder with real-time tracking for intraoral scanning
US9730779B2 (en) 2004-11-26 2017-08-15 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for providing feedback data useful in prosthodontic procedures associated with the intra oral cavity
US9752867B2 (en) 2014-07-03 2017-09-05 Align Technology, Inc. Chromatic confocal system
US9763758B2 (en) 2011-01-13 2017-09-19 Align Technology, Inc. Virtual and physical dental models of dental surfaces and analog socket structure of a dental implant and related procedures
US9782238B2 (en) 2008-07-17 2017-10-10 Align Technology, Inc. Methods, systems and accessories useful for procedures relating to dental implants
US9844428B2 (en) 2008-12-31 2017-12-19 Align Technology, Inc. Dental articulator
US9844420B2 (en) 2006-10-20 2017-12-19 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for positioning three-dimensional brackets on teeth
US9844429B2 (en) 2003-04-03 2017-12-19 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for fabricating a dental coping, and a coping fabricated thereby
US9844427B2 (en) 2014-07-03 2017-12-19 Align Technology, Inc. Apparatus and method for measuring surface topography optically
US9844424B2 (en) 2014-02-21 2017-12-19 Align Technology, Inc. Dental appliance with repositioning jaw elements
US9937021B2 (en) 2002-06-18 2018-04-10 Align Technology, Inc. Dental imaging instrument having an air stream auxiliary

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2908974A (en) * 1957-12-27 1959-10-20 John J Stifter Orthodontic attachment
US3345745A (en) * 1964-02-20 1967-10-10 Muller Gerhard Orthodontic fastening means and method of applying the same

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2908974A (en) * 1957-12-27 1959-10-20 John J Stifter Orthodontic attachment
US3345745A (en) * 1964-02-20 1967-10-10 Muller Gerhard Orthodontic fastening means and method of applying the same

Cited By (335)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3881252A (en) * 1972-05-01 1975-05-06 Lawrence F Andrews Orthodontic bracket extraction
JPS4968592A (en) * 1972-11-08 1974-07-03
DE2600380A1 (en) * 1975-03-25 1977-02-24 Eugene L Dellinger A process for preparing a Orthodontic device
US4123844A (en) * 1976-12-20 1978-11-07 Kurz Craven H Vibrational mouth pad orthodontic appliance
US4183141A (en) * 1977-12-05 1980-01-15 Dellinger Eugene L Method and apparatus for treating malocclusion
US4415330A (en) * 1979-05-04 1983-11-15 Sybron Corporation Orthodontic bracket assembly
US4561844A (en) * 1984-10-09 1985-12-31 Bates Lyn V Orthodontic bracket
US4669980A (en) * 1984-11-05 1987-06-02 Degnan Edward V Orthodontic appliance
US4659309A (en) * 1985-04-25 1987-04-21 American Orthodontics Corporation Orthodontic bracket with rhomboidal profile
US4597739A (en) * 1985-05-21 1986-07-01 Farel Rosenberg Tow element bracket system for true straight wire orthodontics
US5474444A (en) * 1988-09-26 1995-12-12 Wildman; Alexander J. Multiwire arch system
US5516284A (en) * 1988-09-26 1996-05-14 Wildman; Alexander J. Lingual orthodontic bracket with hinged closure
USRE35169E (en) * 1989-01-24 1996-03-05 Ormco Corporation Method for determining orthodontic bracket placement
US5028232A (en) * 1989-05-03 1991-07-02 Snow Michael D Apparatus and method for calibrating physiologic dental occlusion and determining optimal individual orthodontic appliance prescription
US5447432A (en) * 1990-01-19 1995-09-05 Ormco Corporation Custom orthodontic archwire forming method and apparatus
US5474448A (en) * 1990-01-19 1995-12-12 Ormco Corporation Low profile orthodontic appliance
US5533895A (en) * 1990-01-19 1996-07-09 Ormco Corporation Orthodontic appliance and group standardized brackets therefor and methods of making, assembling and using appliance to straighten teeth
US5518397A (en) * 1990-01-19 1996-05-21 Ormco Corporation Method of forming an orthodontic brace
US5454717A (en) * 1990-01-19 1995-10-03 Ormco Corporation Custom orthodontic brackets and bracket forming method and apparatus
US20040115586A1 (en) * 1990-01-19 2004-06-17 Ormco Corporation Custom orthodontic appliance forming method and apparatus
US5395238A (en) * 1990-01-19 1995-03-07 Ormco Corporation Method of forming orthodontic brace
US5431562A (en) * 1990-01-19 1995-07-11 Ormco Corporation Method and apparatus for designing and forming a custom orthodontic appliance and for the straightening of teeth therewith
US5139419A (en) * 1990-01-19 1992-08-18 Ormco Corporation Method of forming an orthodontic brace
US5044945A (en) * 1990-05-22 1991-09-03 Rmo, Inc. Slot for orthodontic brackets and method
EP0463254A1 (en) * 1990-06-27 1992-01-02 Orthodontic Research Australia Pty. Limited Orthodontic bracket
US5169311A (en) * 1990-06-27 1992-12-08 Orthodontic Research Australia Pty. Limited Orthodontic bracket and method
US5248257A (en) * 1990-12-13 1993-09-28 Cannon James L Orthodontic bracket system
EP0502227A1 (en) * 1991-03-06 1992-09-09 Ormco Corporation Method of forming orthodontic brace and orthodontic brace formed by such method
US5292248A (en) * 1991-10-24 1994-03-08 Gac International, Inc. Molar appliance
US5791897A (en) * 1992-02-26 1998-08-11 Wildman; Alexander J. Multiwire arch system with improved interarch connector
US5927971A (en) * 1992-03-18 1999-07-27 De Baets; Jan Orthodontic device
US5238404A (en) * 1992-04-27 1993-08-24 Ormco Corporation Orthodontic brace for positioning teeth
US6616444B2 (en) * 1992-11-09 2003-09-09 Ormco Corporation Custom orthodontic appliance forming method and apparatus
US6015289A (en) * 1992-11-09 2000-01-18 Ormco Corporation Custom orthodontic appliance forming method and apparatus
US6244861B1 (en) 1992-11-09 2001-06-12 Ormco Corporation Custom orthodontic appliance forming method and apparatus
US5683243A (en) * 1992-11-09 1997-11-04 Ormco Corporation Custom orthodontic appliance forming apparatus
US5511976A (en) * 1993-09-14 1996-04-30 Wildman; Alexander J. Lingual bracket with hinged camming closure
US5374187A (en) * 1993-11-02 1994-12-20 Vashi; Nikhil S. Orthodontic appliance
US5464347A (en) * 1993-11-08 1995-11-07 Allesee; Timothy J. Hybrid orthodontic bracket system and method
US5820370A (en) * 1993-11-08 1998-10-13 Ortho Specialties Preadjusted orthodontic bracket system and method
US5464349A (en) * 1993-11-09 1995-11-07 Ormco Corporation Orthodontic appliance providing for mesial rotation of molars
EP0696444A3 (en) * 1994-08-04 1997-01-02 Ormco Corp Orthodontic appliance and group standardized brackets therefor and methods of making, assembling and using appliance to straighten teeth
EP0696444A2 (en) 1994-08-04 1996-02-14 Ormco Corporation Orthodontic appliance and group standardized brackets therefor and methods of making, assembling and using appliance to straighten teeth
US5700145A (en) * 1995-06-05 1997-12-23 Wildman; Alexander J. Lingual bracket with hinged camming closure and releasable lock
US5863199A (en) * 1995-06-05 1999-01-26 Wildman; Alexander J. Lingual bracket with hinged camming closure and locking ears
WO1996039093A1 (en) 1995-06-05 1996-12-12 Wildman Alexander J Lingual bracket with hinged camming closure and releasable lock
US5813853A (en) * 1996-03-26 1998-09-29 Kesling; Peter C. Torque/rotation base for orthodontic attachment and method of making same
US5823771A (en) * 1997-05-27 1998-10-20 Nord; Philip J. Vertical straight wire orthodontic aplliance having interchangeable anchor components
US20030008259A1 (en) * 1997-06-20 2003-01-09 Align Technology, Inc. Dental decals and method of application
US20040110110A1 (en) * 1997-06-20 2004-06-10 Align Technology, Inc. Computer automated development of an orthodontic treatment plan and appliance
US6217325B1 (en) 1997-06-20 2001-04-17 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for incrementally moving teeth
US6210162B1 (en) * 1997-06-20 2001-04-03 Align Technology, Inc. Creating a positive mold of a patient's dentition for use in forming an orthodontic appliance
US8105080B2 (en) 1997-06-20 2012-01-31 Align Technology, Inc. Computer automated development of an orthodontic treatment plan and appliance
US20040175671A1 (en) * 1997-06-20 2004-09-09 Align Technology, Inc. Subdividing a digital dentition model
US9161824B2 (en) 1997-06-20 2015-10-20 Align Technology, Inc. Computer automated development of an orthodontic treatment plan and appliance
US6409504B1 (en) 1997-06-20 2002-06-25 Align Technology, Inc. Manipulating a digital dentition model to form models of individual dentition components
US7125248B2 (en) 1997-06-20 2006-10-24 Align Technology, Inc. Attachment devices and methods for a dental appliance
US6450807B1 (en) 1997-06-20 2002-09-17 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for positioning teeth
US6722880B2 (en) 1997-06-20 2004-04-20 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for incrementally moving teeth
US6471511B1 (en) 1997-06-20 2002-10-29 Align Technology, Inc. Defining tooth-moving appliances computationally
US8496474B2 (en) 1997-06-20 2013-07-30 Align Technology, Inc. Computer automated development of an orthodontic treatment plan and appliance
US8070487B2 (en) 1997-06-20 2011-12-06 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for positioning teeth
EP2298227A1 (en) 1997-06-20 2011-03-23 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for incrementally moving teeth
US20040048223A1 (en) * 1997-06-20 2004-03-11 Align Technology, Inc. Attachment devices and methods for a dental appliance
EP2295005A1 (en) 1997-06-20 2011-03-16 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for incrementally moving teeth
US20030039389A1 (en) * 1997-06-20 2003-02-27 Align Technology, Inc. Manipulating a digital dentition model to form models of individual dentition components
EP2295003A1 (en) 1997-06-20 2011-03-16 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for incrementally moving teeth
US6554611B2 (en) 1997-06-20 2003-04-29 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for incrementally moving teeth
EP2295004A1 (en) 1997-06-20 2011-03-16 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for incrementally moving teeth
US7905725B2 (en) 1997-06-20 2011-03-15 Align Technology, Inc. Clinician review of an orthodontic treatment plan and appliance
US6699037B2 (en) 1997-06-20 2004-03-02 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for incrementally moving teeth
US20050244782A1 (en) * 1997-06-20 2005-11-03 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for incrementally moving teeth
US7474307B2 (en) 1997-06-20 2009-01-06 Align Technology, Inc. Clinician review of an orthodontic treatment plan and appliance
US20080248443A1 (en) * 1997-06-20 2008-10-09 Align Technology, Inc Clinician review of an orthodontic treatment plan and appliance
US5975893A (en) * 1997-06-20 1999-11-02 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for incrementally moving teeth
US6626666B2 (en) 1997-06-20 2003-09-30 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for incrementally moving teeth
US6629840B2 (en) 1997-06-20 2003-10-07 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for incrementally moving teeth
US20080187879A1 (en) * 1997-06-20 2008-08-07 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for positioning teeth
US7059850B1 (en) 1997-06-20 2006-06-13 Align Technology, Inc. Attachment devices and methods for a dental appliance
US7063532B1 (en) 1997-06-20 2006-06-20 Align Technology, Inc. Subdividing a digital dentition model
EP1929974A2 (en) 1997-06-20 2008-06-11 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for incrementally moving teeth
US7123767B2 (en) 1997-06-20 2006-10-17 Align Technology, Inc. Manipulating a digital dentition model to form models of individual dentition components
US20040166456A1 (en) * 1997-06-20 2004-08-26 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for incrementally moving teeth
US7247021B2 (en) 1997-06-20 2007-07-24 Align Technology, Inc. Subdividing a digital dentition model
US20060286501A1 (en) * 1997-06-20 2006-12-21 Align Technology, Inc. Computer automated development of an orthodontic treatment plan and appliance
US7134874B2 (en) 1997-06-20 2006-11-14 Align Technology, Inc. Computer automated development of an orthodontic treatment plan and appliance
US6682346B2 (en) 1997-06-20 2004-01-27 Align Technology, Inc. Defining tooth-moving appliances computationally
US20080182220A1 (en) * 1997-06-20 2008-07-31 Align Technology, Inc. Computer automated development of an orthodontic treatment plan and appliance
US9592103B2 (en) 1997-12-30 2017-03-14 Align Technology, Inc. Virtual orthodontic treatment
US7110594B2 (en) 1998-06-19 2006-09-19 Align Technology, Inc. Manipulating a digital dentition model to form models of individual dentition components
US20020102009A1 (en) * 1998-06-19 2002-08-01 Align Technology, Inc. Manipulating a digital dentition model to form models of individual dentition components
US9615901B2 (en) 1998-08-05 2017-04-11 Align Technology, Inc. Method and apparatus for imaging three-dimensional structure
US7331783B2 (en) 1998-10-08 2008-02-19 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for positioning teeth
EP2289458A2 (en) 1998-10-08 2011-03-02 Align Technology, Inc. Computer automated development of an orthodontic treatment plan and appliance
US7874837B2 (en) 1998-10-08 2011-01-25 Align Technology, Inc. Defining tooth-moving appliances computationally
US8858227B2 (en) 1998-10-08 2014-10-14 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for positioning teeth
US20040170943A1 (en) * 1998-10-08 2004-09-02 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for positioning teeth
US6802713B1 (en) 1998-10-08 2004-10-12 Align Technology, Inc. Defining tooth-moving appliances computationally
US9220579B2 (en) 1998-10-08 2015-12-29 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for positioning teeth
US6786721B2 (en) 1998-10-08 2004-09-07 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for positioning teeth
US20080182221A1 (en) * 1998-10-08 2008-07-31 Align Technology, Inc. Defining tooth-moving appliances computationally
WO2000019929A1 (en) 1998-10-08 2000-04-13 Align Technology, Inc. Computer automated development of an orthodontic treatment plan and appliance
US7320592B2 (en) 1998-10-08 2008-01-22 Align Technology, Inc. Defining tooth-moving appliances computationally
US20080268400A1 (en) * 1998-10-08 2008-10-30 Align Technology, Inc. Dental appliance reinforcement
US8651859B2 (en) 1998-11-30 2014-02-18 Align Technology, Inc. System for determining final position of teeth
US20040209218A1 (en) * 1998-11-30 2004-10-21 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for releasing tooth positioning appliances
US7121825B2 (en) 1998-11-30 2006-10-17 Align Technology, Inc. Tooth positioning appliances and systems
US20030064345A1 (en) * 1998-11-30 2003-04-03 Align Technology, Inc. System for determining final position of teeth
US7377778B2 (en) 1998-11-30 2008-05-27 Align Technology, Inc. System for determining final position of teeth
US20110112804A1 (en) * 1998-11-30 2011-05-12 Align Technology, Inc. System for determining final position of teeth
US9707054B2 (en) 1998-11-30 2017-07-18 Align Technology, Inc. System for determining final position of teeth
US20030203334A1 (en) * 1998-12-04 2003-10-30 Align Technology, Inc. Manipulable dental model system for fabrication of a dental appliance
US20080206702A1 (en) * 1998-12-04 2008-08-28 Len Hedge Manipulable dental model system for fabrication of a dental appliance
US20060003283A1 (en) * 1998-12-04 2006-01-05 Align Technology, Inc. Methods for correcting deviations in preplanned tooth rearrangements
US7837904B2 (en) 1998-12-04 2010-11-23 Align Technology, Inc. Manipulable dental model system for fabrication of a dental appliance
US7108508B2 (en) 1998-12-04 2006-09-19 Align Technology, Inc. Manipulable dental model system for fabrication of a dental appliance
US7578674B2 (en) 1998-12-04 2009-08-25 Align Technology, Inc. Methods for correcting tooth movements midcourse in treatment
US20060257814A1 (en) * 1998-12-04 2006-11-16 Align Technology, Inc. Methods for correcting tooth movements midcourse in treatment
US7063533B2 (en) 1999-01-15 2006-06-20 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for producing tooth movement
US20030219691A1 (en) * 1999-01-15 2003-11-27 Align Technology, Inc System and method for producing tooth movement
US6227850B1 (en) 1999-05-13 2001-05-08 Align Technology, Inc. Teeth viewing system
US6318994B1 (en) 1999-05-13 2001-11-20 Align Technology, Inc Tooth path treatment plan
US6685469B2 (en) 1999-05-13 2004-02-03 Align Technology, Inc. System for determining final position of teeth
US6457972B1 (en) 1999-05-13 2002-10-01 Align Technology, Inc. System for determining final position of teeth
US6790035B2 (en) 1999-05-13 2004-09-14 Align Technology, Inc. Method and kits for forming pontics in polymeric shell aligners
US6406292B1 (en) 1999-05-13 2002-06-18 Align Technology, Inc. System for determining final position of teeth
US6729876B2 (en) 1999-05-13 2004-05-04 Align Technology, Inc. Tooth path treatment plan
US7435083B2 (en) 1999-05-13 2008-10-14 Align Technology, Inc. Tooth path treatment plan
US20070003907A1 (en) * 1999-05-13 2007-01-04 Align Technology, Inc. Tooth path treatment plan
US20040023183A1 (en) * 1999-05-13 2004-02-05 Align Technology, Inc. System and methods for dental treatment planning
US6514074B1 (en) 1999-05-14 2003-02-04 Align Technology, Inc. Digitally modeling the deformation of gingival
US6948931B2 (en) 1999-05-14 2005-09-27 Align Technology, Inc. Digitally modeling the deformation of gingival tissue during orthodontic treatment
US20040081938A1 (en) * 1999-05-14 2004-04-29 Align Technology, Inc. Digitally modeling the deformation of gingival tissue during orthodontic treatment
US6685470B2 (en) 1999-05-14 2004-02-03 Align Technology, Inc. Digitally modeling the deformation of gingival tissue during orthodontic treatment
US7802987B1 (en) 1999-12-17 2010-09-28 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for lubricating dental appliances
US20030139834A1 (en) * 2000-02-17 2003-07-24 Align Technology, Inc. Efficient data representation of teeth model
US20040128010A1 (en) * 2000-02-17 2004-07-01 Align Technology, Inc. Efficient data representation of teeth model
US20020055800A1 (en) * 2000-02-17 2002-05-09 Sergey Nikolskiy Efficient data representation of teeth model
US7428481B2 (en) 2000-02-17 2008-09-23 Align Technology, Inc. Efficient data representation of teeth model
US7373286B2 (en) 2000-02-17 2008-05-13 Align Technology, Inc. Efficient data representation of teeth model
US20050055118A1 (en) * 2000-02-17 2005-03-10 Align Technology, Inc. Efficient data representation of teeth model
US20040096799A1 (en) * 2000-03-30 2004-05-20 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for separating three-dimensional models
US7273367B2 (en) 2000-03-30 2007-09-25 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for separating three-dimensional models
US6688886B2 (en) 2000-03-30 2004-02-10 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for separating three-dimensional models
US7192275B2 (en) 2000-04-25 2007-03-20 Align Technology, Inc. Methods for correcting deviations in preplanned tooth rearrangements
US20020187451A1 (en) * 2000-04-25 2002-12-12 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for varying elastic modulus appliances
US8930219B2 (en) 2000-04-25 2015-01-06 Andrew Trosien Treatment analysis systems and methods
US6964564B2 (en) 2000-04-25 2005-11-15 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for varying elastic modulus appliances
US6948936B2 (en) 2000-04-25 2005-09-27 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for modeling bite registration
US20020192617A1 (en) * 2000-04-25 2002-12-19 Align Technology, Inc. Embedded features and methods of a dental appliance
US8858226B2 (en) 2000-04-25 2014-10-14 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for varying elastic modulus appliances
US9855701B2 (en) 2000-04-25 2018-01-02 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for varying elastic modulus appliances
US9922170B2 (en) 2000-04-25 2018-03-20 Align Technology, Inc. Treatment analysis systems and methods
US20040170941A1 (en) * 2000-04-25 2004-09-02 Align Technology, Inc. Embedded features and methods of a dental appliance
US6572372B1 (en) 2000-04-25 2003-06-03 Align Technology, Inc. Embedded features and methods of a dental appliance
US20040142299A1 (en) * 2000-04-25 2004-07-22 Align Technology, Inc. Methods for correcting deviations in preplanned tooth rearrangements
US9351809B2 (en) 2000-04-25 2016-05-31 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for varying elastic modulus appliances
US20030190576A1 (en) * 2000-04-25 2003-10-09 Align Technology, Inc. A Delaware Corporation Embedded features and methods of a dental appliance
US20030198917A1 (en) * 2000-04-25 2003-10-23 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for modeling bite registration
US6947038B1 (en) 2000-04-27 2005-09-20 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for generating an appliance with tie points
US20050219242A1 (en) * 2000-04-27 2005-10-06 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for generating an appliance with tie points
US7133042B2 (en) 2000-04-27 2006-11-07 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for generating an appliance with tie points
US7245977B1 (en) 2000-07-20 2007-07-17 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for mass customization
US7383198B1 (en) 2000-07-24 2008-06-03 Align Technology, Inc. Delivery information systems and methods
US7092784B1 (en) 2000-07-28 2006-08-15 Align Technology Systems and methods for forming an object
US20040023188A1 (en) * 2000-08-16 2004-02-05 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for removing gingiva from computer tooth models
US7040896B2 (en) 2000-08-16 2006-05-09 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for removing gingiva from computer tooth models
WO2003063721A1 (en) 2000-08-16 2003-08-07 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for removing gingiva from teeth
US7826646B2 (en) 2000-08-16 2010-11-02 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for removing gingiva from computer tooth models
US6386878B1 (en) 2000-08-16 2002-05-14 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for removing gingiva from teeth
US20040191728A1 (en) * 2000-09-08 2004-09-30 Align Technology, Inc. Modified tooth positioning appliances and methods and systems for their manufacture
US7037111B2 (en) 2000-09-08 2006-05-02 Align Technology, Inc. Modified tooth positioning appliances and methods and systems for their manufacture
US6497574B1 (en) 2000-09-08 2002-12-24 Align Technology, Inc. Modified tooth positioning appliances and methods and systems for their manufacture
US6607382B1 (en) 2000-09-21 2003-08-19 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for concurrent tooth repositioning and substance delivery
US20030211440A1 (en) * 2000-09-21 2003-11-13 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for concurrent tooth repositioning and substance delivery
US7905724B2 (en) 2000-09-21 2011-03-15 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for concurrent tooth repositioning and substance delivery
US20090035714A1 (en) * 2000-09-21 2009-02-05 Eric Kuo Methods and systems for concurrent tooth repositioning and substance delivery
US7736147B2 (en) 2000-10-30 2010-06-15 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for bite-setting teeth models
US6726478B1 (en) 2000-10-30 2004-04-27 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for bite-setting teeth models
US6783360B2 (en) 2000-12-13 2004-08-31 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for positioning teeth
US7220122B2 (en) 2000-12-13 2007-05-22 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for positioning teeth
US20050019721A1 (en) * 2000-12-13 2005-01-27 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for positioning teeth
US9333052B2 (en) 2000-12-29 2016-05-10 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for treating teeth
US8636509B2 (en) 2000-12-29 2014-01-28 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for treating teeth
US7074038B1 (en) 2000-12-29 2006-07-11 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for treating teeth
US20050026102A1 (en) * 2000-12-29 2005-02-03 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for treating teeth
US20080131832A1 (en) * 2000-12-29 2008-06-05 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for treating teeth
US7326051B2 (en) 2000-12-29 2008-02-05 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for treating teeth
US20040202983A1 (en) * 2001-09-28 2004-10-14 Align Technology, Inc. Method and kits for forming pontics in polymeric shell aligners
US7841858B2 (en) 2001-10-29 2010-11-30 Align Technology, Inc. Polar attachment devices and method for a dental appliance
US7771195B2 (en) 2001-10-29 2010-08-10 Align Technology, Inc. Polar attachment devices and method for a dental appliance
US20080109198A1 (en) * 2001-10-29 2008-05-08 Peter Knopp Polar attachment devices and method for a dental appliance
US20040229183A1 (en) * 2001-10-29 2004-11-18 Peter Knopp Polar attachment devices and method for a dental appliance
US20030101079A1 (en) * 2001-11-27 2003-05-29 3M Innovative Properties Company Method for the enhancement of orthodontic treatments
US20040191719A1 (en) * 2002-01-10 2004-09-30 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for positioning teeth
US7140877B2 (en) 2002-01-10 2006-11-28 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for positioning teeth
US20030134251A1 (en) * 2002-01-16 2003-07-17 Mcgann Benson D. Archwire system
US6679700B2 (en) * 2002-01-16 2004-01-20 Progressive America, Inc. Archwire system
US20060121408A1 (en) * 2002-02-28 2006-06-08 Align Technology, Inc. Manipulable dental model system for fabrication of a dental appliance
US7357636B2 (en) 2002-02-28 2008-04-15 Align Technology, Inc. Manipulable dental model system for fabrication of a dental appliance
US9408675B2 (en) 2002-04-18 2016-08-09 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for improved engagement between aligners and teeth
US7901207B2 (en) 2002-04-18 2011-03-08 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for improved engagement between aligners and teeth
US6830450B2 (en) 2002-04-18 2004-12-14 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for improved engagement between aligners and teeth
US20050106525A1 (en) * 2002-04-18 2005-05-19 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for improved engagement between aligners and teeth
US20110123944A1 (en) * 2002-04-18 2011-05-26 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for improved engagement between aligners and teeth
US20030198911A1 (en) * 2002-04-18 2003-10-23 Align Technology, Inc. A Delaware Corporation Systems and methods for improved engagement between aligners and teeth
US20030207227A1 (en) * 2002-05-02 2003-11-06 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for treating patients
US9937021B2 (en) 2002-06-18 2018-04-10 Align Technology, Inc. Dental imaging instrument having an air stream auxiliary
US20030235803A1 (en) * 2002-06-21 2003-12-25 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for automated bite-setting of tooth models
US6979196B2 (en) 2002-06-21 2005-12-27 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for automated bite-setting of tooth models
US20040243361A1 (en) * 2002-08-19 2004-12-02 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for providing mass customization
US20050048432A1 (en) * 2002-08-22 2005-03-03 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for treatment analysis by teeth matching
US20040038168A1 (en) * 2002-08-22 2004-02-26 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for treatment analysis by teeth matching
US7077647B2 (en) 2002-08-22 2006-07-18 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for treatment analysis by teeth matching
US7156661B2 (en) 2002-08-22 2007-01-02 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for treatment analysis by teeth matching
US20040197728A1 (en) * 2002-09-10 2004-10-07 Amir Abolfathi Architecture for treating teeth
US20040152036A1 (en) * 2002-09-10 2004-08-05 Amir Abolfathi Architecture for treating teeth
US9427916B2 (en) 2002-10-03 2016-08-30 Align Technology, Inc. Method for preparing a physical plaster model
US20040253562A1 (en) * 2003-02-26 2004-12-16 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for fabricating a dental template
US7056115B2 (en) 2003-02-26 2006-06-06 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for fabricating a dental template
US20050064360A1 (en) * 2003-02-26 2005-03-24 Huafeng Wen Systems and methods for combination treatments of dental patients
US7600999B2 (en) 2003-02-26 2009-10-13 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for fabricating a dental template
US9433479B2 (en) 2003-02-26 2016-09-06 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for fabricating a dental template
US8734149B2 (en) 2003-02-26 2014-05-27 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for fabricating a dental template
US7658610B2 (en) 2003-02-26 2010-02-09 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for fabricating a dental template with a 3-D object placement
US20050042569A1 (en) * 2003-02-26 2005-02-24 Phan Loc X. Systems and methods for fabricating a dental template
US20040229185A1 (en) * 2003-02-26 2004-11-18 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for fabricating a dental template with a 3-D object placement
US7578673B2 (en) 2003-02-26 2009-08-25 Align Technology, Inc. System and methods for combination treatments of dental patients
US9204942B2 (en) 2003-02-26 2015-12-08 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for fabricating a dental template
US20040175669A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2004-09-09 Norbert Abels Custom-fitted orthodontic bracket manufactured by computerized and selective removal of portions of a bracket
US6988889B2 (en) * 2003-03-04 2006-01-24 Norbert Abels Custom-fitted orthodontic bracket manufactured by computerized and selective removal of portions of a bracket
US9844429B2 (en) 2003-04-03 2017-12-19 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for fabricating a dental coping, and a coping fabricated thereby
US7648360B2 (en) 2003-07-01 2010-01-19 Align Technology, Inc. Dental appliance sequence ordering system and method
US20080032248A1 (en) * 2003-07-01 2008-02-07 Align Technology, Inc. Dental appliance sequence ordering system and method
US20050003319A1 (en) * 2003-07-01 2005-01-06 Align Technology, Inc. Dental appliance sequence ordering system and method
US9651419B2 (en) 2003-08-04 2017-05-16 Align Technology, Inc. Speckle reduction method and apparatus
US20050106528A1 (en) * 2003-11-19 2005-05-19 Align Technology, Inc. Dental tray containing radiopaque materials
US7361020B2 (en) 2003-11-19 2008-04-22 Align Technology, Inc. Dental tray containing radiopaque materials
DE102004006009B4 (en) * 2004-02-06 2007-01-11 Heiser, Wolfgang, DDr. A method for determining the selection of brackets for orthodontic treatment of malocclusions
US7223099B2 (en) 2004-02-06 2007-05-29 Andreas Niederwanger Method of determining the selection of brackets which are to be used in the orthodontic treatment of teeth malposition
US20050175955A1 (en) * 2004-02-06 2005-08-11 Andreas Niederwanger Method of determining the selection of brackets which are to be used in the orthodontic treatment of teeth malposition
US20050182654A1 (en) * 2004-02-14 2005-08-18 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for providing treatment planning
US20050186524A1 (en) * 2004-02-24 2005-08-25 Align Technology, Inc. Arch expander
US9539071B2 (en) 2004-02-24 2017-01-10 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for designing and producing dental prostheses and appliances
US7241142B2 (en) 2004-03-19 2007-07-10 Align Technology, Inc. Root-based tooth moving sequencing
US20050208449A1 (en) * 2004-03-19 2005-09-22 Align Technology, Inc. Root-based tooth moving sequencing
US8260591B2 (en) 2004-04-29 2012-09-04 Align Technology, Inc. Dynamically specifying a view
US20050244774A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-11-03 Norbert Abels Orthodontic bracket system comprising multiple brackets having multiple aligned slots
US7234935B2 (en) * 2004-04-29 2007-06-26 Norbert Abels Orthodontic bracket system comprising multiple brackets having multiple aligned slots
US20050244791A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-11-03 Align Technology, Inc. Interproximal reduction treatment planning
US20080163100A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2008-07-03 Align Technology, Inc. Dynamically specifying a view
US20050244781A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-11-03 Norbert Abels Orthodontic treatment method for concurrent correction of multiple conditions
US20050246154A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-11-03 Align Technology, Inc. Dynamically specifying a view
US20050244780A1 (en) * 2004-04-30 2005-11-03 Norbert Abels Torque spring for double wire orthodontic treatment
US9404740B2 (en) 2004-06-17 2016-08-02 Align Technology, Inc. Method and apparatus for colour imaging a three-dimensional structure
US7357634B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2008-04-15 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for substituting virtual dental appliances
US20060099547A1 (en) * 2004-11-05 2006-05-11 Knopp Peter G Systems and methods for substituting virtual dental appliances
US20080138760A1 (en) * 2004-11-05 2008-06-12 Knopp Peter G Systems and methods for substituting virtual dental appliances
US20060097422A1 (en) * 2004-11-08 2006-05-11 Diamond Andrew J Method for performing surgery and appliances produced thereby
US9730779B2 (en) 2004-11-26 2017-08-15 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for providing feedback data useful in prosthodontic procedures associated with the intra oral cavity
US8439674B2 (en) 2004-11-30 2013-05-14 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for intra-oral drug delivery
US20080293007A1 (en) * 2004-11-30 2008-11-27 Chunhua Li Systems and methods for intra-oral drug delivery
US8075309B2 (en) 2004-11-30 2011-12-13 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for intra-oral drug delivery
US9536020B2 (en) 2004-12-14 2017-01-03 Align Technology, Inc. Preventing interference between tooth models
US9943382B2 (en) 2004-12-14 2018-04-17 Align Technology, Inc. Preventing interference between tooth models
US9011149B2 (en) 2004-12-14 2015-04-21 Align Technology, Inc. Preventing interference between tooth models
US8047846B2 (en) 2004-12-14 2011-11-01 Align Technology, Inc. Preventing interference between tooth models
US9683835B2 (en) 2005-03-03 2017-06-20 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for scanning an intraoral cavity
EP2932935A1 (en) 2005-03-07 2015-10-21 Align Technology, Inc. Variations of dental aligners
WO2006118771A2 (en) 2005-04-29 2006-11-09 Align Technology, Inc. Treatment of teeth by aligners
US9939999B2 (en) 2005-04-29 2018-04-10 Align Technology, Inc. Treatment of teeth by aligners
US9549794B2 (en) 2005-07-15 2017-01-24 Align Technology, Inc. Method for manipulating a dental virtual model, method for creating physical entities based on a dental virtual model thus manipulated, and dental models thus created
US9529970B2 (en) 2006-02-28 2016-12-27 Ormco Corporation Software and methods for dental treatment planning
US20090098502A1 (en) * 2006-02-28 2009-04-16 Ormco Corporation Software and Methods for Dental Treatment Planning
US9326830B2 (en) 2006-08-30 2016-05-03 Align Technology, Inc. Automated treatment staging for teeth
US9844420B2 (en) 2006-10-20 2017-12-19 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for positioning three-dimensional brackets on teeth
WO2008053269A1 (en) * 2006-10-31 2008-05-08 Negret Cordoba, Marcel Brackets and method for teeth alignment with woven wire
US9060829B2 (en) 2007-06-08 2015-06-23 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and method for management and delivery of orthodontic treatment
US8075306B2 (en) 2007-06-08 2011-12-13 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for detecting deviations during the course of an orthodontic treatment to gradually reposition teeth
US8636510B2 (en) 2007-06-08 2014-01-28 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for detecting deviations during the course of an orthodontic treatment to gradually reposition teeth
US9364297B2 (en) 2007-06-08 2016-06-14 Align Technology, Inc. System and method for detecting deviations during the course of an orthodontic treatment to gradually reposition teeth
US20080305454A1 (en) * 2007-06-08 2008-12-11 Ian Kitching Treatment planning and progress tracking systems and methods
US20080305452A1 (en) * 2007-06-08 2008-12-11 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and method for management and delivery of orthodontic treatment
US8562338B2 (en) 2007-06-08 2013-10-22 Align Technology, Inc. Treatment progress tracking and recalibration
US20080305451A1 (en) * 2007-06-08 2008-12-11 Ian Kitching System and method for detecting deviations during the course of an orthodontic treatment to gradually reposition teeth
US9168113B2 (en) 2007-06-08 2015-10-27 Align Technology, Inc. Tooth movement measurement by automatic impression matching
US20080306724A1 (en) * 2007-06-08 2008-12-11 Align Technology, Inc. Treatment planning and progress tracking systems and methods
US20090087808A1 (en) * 2007-09-28 2009-04-02 Reika Ortho Technologies, Inc. Methods And Systems For Moving Teeth
US7828549B1 (en) 2007-10-31 2010-11-09 Wios, Llc Lingual self-ligating orthodontic bracket, and methods for making and using the same
US8348665B2 (en) 2007-12-06 2013-01-08 Align Technology, Inc. Activatable dental appliance
US8469706B2 (en) 2007-12-06 2013-06-25 Align Technology, Inc. Activatable dental appliance
US8439672B2 (en) 2008-01-29 2013-05-14 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for optimizing dental aligner geometry
US9107722B2 (en) 2008-01-29 2015-08-18 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for optimizing dental aligner geometry
US8899977B2 (en) 2008-01-29 2014-12-02 Align Technology, Inc. Orthodontic repositioning appliances having improved geometry, methods and systems
US20090191503A1 (en) * 2008-01-29 2009-07-30 Align Technology, Inc. Method and system for optimizing dental aligner geometry
US9119691B2 (en) 2008-05-23 2015-09-01 Align Technology, Inc. Orthodontic tooth movement device, systems and methods
US20090291406A1 (en) * 2008-05-23 2009-11-26 Parshan Namiranian Orthodontic tooth movement device, systems and methods
US9782238B2 (en) 2008-07-17 2017-10-10 Align Technology, Inc. Methods, systems and accessories useful for procedures relating to dental implants
US20100138025A1 (en) * 2008-11-20 2010-06-03 Align Technology, Inc. Orthodontic systems and methods including parametric attachments
US9161823B2 (en) 2008-11-20 2015-10-20 Align Technology, Inc. Orthodontic systems and methods including parametric attachments
US8936463B2 (en) 2008-11-24 2015-01-20 Align Technology, Inc. Dental appliance with simulated teeth and method for making
US20100129762A1 (en) * 2008-11-24 2010-05-27 Align Technology, Inc. Dental appliance with simulated teeth and method for making
US20100129763A1 (en) * 2008-11-24 2010-05-27 Align Technology, Inc. Sequential sports guard
US8591225B2 (en) 2008-12-12 2013-11-26 Align Technology, Inc. Tooth movement measurement by automatic impression matching
US20100151404A1 (en) * 2008-12-12 2010-06-17 Align Technology, Inc. Tooth movement measurement by automatic impression matching
US9744002B2 (en) 2008-12-18 2017-08-29 Align Technology, Inc. Reduced registration bonding template
US8401686B2 (en) 2008-12-18 2013-03-19 Align Technology, Inc. Reduced registration bonding template
US9844428B2 (en) 2008-12-31 2017-12-19 Align Technology, Inc. Dental articulator
US9597165B2 (en) 2009-02-24 2017-03-21 Align Technology, Inc. Method, system and model for indirect bonding
US9956058B2 (en) 2009-02-24 2018-05-01 Align Technology, Inc. Method, system and model for indirect bonding
US20110136072A1 (en) * 2009-12-08 2011-06-09 Aligan Technology, Inc. Tactile objects for orthodontics, systems and methods
US9597164B2 (en) 2009-12-08 2017-03-21 Align Technology, Inc. Tactile objects for orthodontics, systems and methods
US8708697B2 (en) 2009-12-08 2014-04-29 Align Technology, Inc. Tactile objects for orthodontics, systems and methods
US9763758B2 (en) 2011-01-13 2017-09-19 Align Technology, Inc. Virtual and physical dental models of dental surfaces and analog socket structure of a dental implant and related procedures
US9108338B2 (en) 2011-04-13 2015-08-18 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for thermal forming an object
EP2529691A1 (en) * 2011-05-31 2012-12-05 DENTAURUM GmbH & Co. KG Orthodontic bracket and method for producing same
US9125709B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2015-09-08 Align Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for tracking teeth movement during orthodontic treatment
US9433477B2 (en) 2011-10-10 2016-09-06 Align Technology, Inc. Automatic placement of precision cuts
US8641414B2 (en) 2011-10-10 2014-02-04 Align Technology, Inc. Automatic placement of precision cuts
US9022781B2 (en) 2012-02-15 2015-05-05 Align Technology, Inc. Orthodontic appliances that accommodate incremental and continuous tooth movement, systems and methods
US9375298B2 (en) 2012-02-21 2016-06-28 Align Technology, Inc. Dental models and related methods
US9655691B2 (en) 2012-05-14 2017-05-23 Align Technology, Inc. Multilayer dental appliances and related methods and systems
US9655693B2 (en) 2012-05-14 2017-05-23 Align Technology, Inc. Multilayer dental appliances and related methods and systems
US8986003B2 (en) 2012-09-13 2015-03-24 Orthoaccel Technologies, Inc. Pearlescent white aligners
US9668829B2 (en) 2012-12-19 2017-06-06 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for dental procedures
US9393087B2 (en) 2013-08-01 2016-07-19 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for generating color images
US9956061B2 (en) 2013-08-01 2018-05-01 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and systems for generating color images
US9844424B2 (en) 2014-02-21 2017-12-19 Align Technology, Inc. Dental appliance with repositioning jaw elements
US9752867B2 (en) 2014-07-03 2017-09-05 Align Technology, Inc. Chromatic confocal system
US9939258B2 (en) 2014-07-03 2018-04-10 Align Technology, Inc. Confocal surface topography measurement with fixed focal positions
US9844427B2 (en) 2014-07-03 2017-12-19 Align Technology, Inc. Apparatus and method for measuring surface topography optically
US9675429B2 (en) 2014-07-03 2017-06-13 Align Technology, Inc. Confocal surface topography measurement with fixed focal positions
US9693839B2 (en) 2014-07-17 2017-07-04 Align Technology, Inc. Probe head and apparatus for intraoral confocal imaging using polarization-retarding coatings
US9724177B2 (en) 2014-08-19 2017-08-08 Align Technology, Inc. Viewfinder with real-time tracking for intraoral scanning
US9660418B2 (en) 2014-08-27 2017-05-23 Align Technology, Inc. VCSEL based low coherence emitter for confocal 3D scanner

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3353271A (en) Magnetic orthodontic appliance
US3898736A (en) Orthodontic appliance and method of using same
US3510946A (en) Orthodontic appliance
Park et al. Treatment of open bite with microscrew implant anchorage
US5022854A (en) Orthodontic bracket
US4609349A (en) Active removable orthodontic appliance and method of straightening teeth
US4360341A (en) Orthodontic method for treating malocclusion
US3874080A (en) Buccal end tube
US4531911A (en) Combination single/twin edgewise orthodontic bracket
US5518397A (en) Method of forming an orthodontic brace
Begg Differential force in orthodontic treatment
US5320525A (en) Orthodontic bracket
US4512740A (en) Plastic shield for orthodontic appliance
US5533895A (en) Orthodontic appliance and group standardized brackets therefor and methods of making, assembling and using appliance to straighten teeth
US4659309A (en) Orthodontic bracket with rhomboidal profile
Villegas et al. Expedited correction of significant dentofacial asymmetry using a “surgery first” approach
US4529382A (en) Lingual orthodontic appliance system for edgewise therapy
US4741696A (en) Orthodontic appliances for dental arch expansion
US3987547A (en) Orthodontic appliance and method of orthodontic treatment
US20030215764A1 (en) Method and system for assessing the outcome of an orthodontic treatment
US3772787A (en) Orthodontic bracket
US6626665B1 (en) Developed maxillary molar distalization appliance
Sandler et al. For four sixes
US4565526A (en) Orthodontic appliance
US4014096A (en) Method and apparatus for orthodontic treatment