US3657849A - Prefabricated house or building - Google Patents

Prefabricated house or building Download PDF

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US3657849A
US3657849A US40002A US3657849DA US3657849A US 3657849 A US3657849 A US 3657849A US 40002 A US40002 A US 40002A US 3657849D A US3657849D A US 3657849DA US 3657849 A US3657849 A US 3657849A
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panel
sill
corner
ridges
depressions
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Chester D Garton
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/0007Base structures; Cellars
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements

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  • ABSTRACT A foundation is provided. Sills are bolted to the foundation. The sills have sill backs, sill floors, sillboi membeis and sill interconnecting members. A comer sill is also bolted to the foundation and connects the sills at the comers. Corrugated wall panels are provided that have alternating wall ridges and wall depressions. The corrugated wall panels are mounted to the sills by mounting the wall panel ridges between the sill backs and sill interconnecting members and by mounting the wall panel depressions between the sill backs and sill box members. A comer post is mounted to the comer sill and connects the corrugated wall panels.
  • a corrugated floor panel is mounted to the sills and corrugated wall panel.
  • a corrugated ceiling panel is mounted to a first and a second header mounted to the corrugated wall panel tops.
  • a corrugated end panel having a sloping top is mounted to a third header mounted to the first header.
  • a corrugated roof panel is mounted to a fourth header mounted to the corrugated end panel top.
  • the roof panel ridges and roof panel depressions are so dimensioned that the roof panel ridges will fit in the ceiling panel ridges and the roof panel depressions will fit over the ceiling panel depressions.
  • FIGURE 2 ATTORNEY PREFABRICATED HOUSE OR BUILDING BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • This invention relates to prefabricated houses or buildings.
  • a problem solved by this invention is that a construction is provided in which the parts are uniform in size so that the house or building may be constructed and assembled by unskilled labor with labor-saving ease and rapidity of construction and assembly.
  • heating and air conditioning ducts are built into the floors, walls and ceilings.
  • the parts may be made of a great variety of materials of construction, such as fiberglass, plastics, laminated wood or metals.
  • Another problem solved by this invention is that standard building materials can be used for sidings for walls, ceiling and roof and for windows and doors.
  • the parts can be made any width or length.
  • Another problem solved by this invention is that because of the corrugations in the wall panels, studs and outside sheeting are, in effect, formed in one piece in panels of uniform height and width, thus reducing labor erection pieces by a considerable amount.
  • Another problem solved by this invention is that because parts will be made under shop conditions and by jigs and molds, uniformity of size and complete interchangibilty will be achieved.
  • Another problem solved by this invention is that the comer post design and wall panel connection to the comer post is self squaring.
  • Another problem solved by this invention is that the unique design of the interlocking floor panel corrugations and wall panel corrugations will speed assembly and by fastening them together will create a stronger connection than standard designs now used.
  • Another problem solved by this invention is that in some instances a sub-flooring can be eliminated because of the corrugated floor panel design.
  • Another problem solved by this invention is that by molding or forming the parts of the prefabricated house or building, the parts will automatically fit into place, thus not requiring measurements of individual parts on the job site.
  • Another problem solved by this invention is that the wall panels will be shop made and window and door frame openings will be jigged, thus saving on job construction time.
  • Another problem solved by this invention is that because of the panels width design, settling cracks or breaks would be greatly reduced.
  • Another problem solved by this invention is that with certain materials that could be used, no warping, swelling or distortion would occur.
  • Another problem solved by this invention is that because of the corrugations in the roof panel, sub-deck roofing could be eliminated.
  • Another problem solved by this invention is that the corrugations of the ceiling panel and the corrugations of the roof panel intermesh for easy and positive connection.
  • Another advantage of this invention is that interior partition walls could be easily and quickly erected.
  • the invention comprises prefabricated parts that interlock together when assembled to form a house or building.
  • a foundation is provided.
  • Sills having sill backs, sill floors, sill box members and sill interconnecting members are bolted to the foundation.
  • Corrugated wall panels having alternating ridges and depressions are mounted to the sills by mounting the wall panel ridges between the sill backs and sill interconnecting members and by mounting the wall panel depressions between the sill backs and sill box members.
  • a comer sill is bolted to the foundation and connects the sills at the comers.
  • a corner post is mounted to the corner sill and connects the corrugated wall panels at the corners.
  • a corrugated floor panel is mounted to the sill box member tops and wall panel ridges.
  • a corrugated ceiling is mounted to first and second headers mounted to the corrugated wall panel tops.
  • a corrugated end panel having a sloping top is mounted to a third header mounted to the first header.
  • a corrugated roof panel is mounted to a fourth header mounted to the corrugated end panel top.
  • the roof panel ridges and roof panel depressions are so dimensioned that the roof panel ridges will fit snugly in the ceiling panel ridges and the roof panel depressions will fit snugly over the ceiling panel depressions for an easy and positive connection.
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a house or building con structed in accordance with the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view, not to scale, of a comer of the house or building showing the parts in accordance with the present invention.
  • FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 1 a house or building having a door 1 and window 2 is shown.
  • FIG. 2 and FIG. 3 a foundation 3 is provided.
  • Anchor bolts 4 are embedded in the foundation 3.
  • Sills 5 are mounted to the foundation 3.
  • the sills 5 have sill backs 6, sill floors 7, sill box members 8 and sill interconnecting members 9.
  • Anchor bolts 4 project through holes 10 in the sill box members 8 and nuts are tightened on the threaded ends of anchor bolts 4 to hold the sills 5 firmly on the foundation 3.
  • a comer sill 11 is mounted to foundation corner 12.
  • the corner sill 11 has a corner sill back 13, a corner sill floor 19, a corner sill box member 14 and comer sill interconnecting members 15.
  • the comer sill 11 is mounted firmly to the foundation comer 12 by bolting comer anchor bolts 16 through and to holes 17 in the corner sill box member 14.
  • the corner sill back 13 abuts the sill backs 6 and the comer sill interconnecting members 15 abut the sill interconnecting members 9.
  • a corner post 20 is provided.
  • the corner post 20 has a comer post body member 21 and corner post interconnecting members 22.
  • the corner post 20 is mounted and fitted to the comer sill 11 by fitting and mounting the comer post body member 21 and comer post interconnecting members 22 between the corner sill back 13 and corner sill box member 14.
  • Corrugated wall panels 23 are provided.
  • the wall panels 23 have alternating wall panel ridges 24 and wall panel depressions 25.
  • the wall panels 23 also have wall panel interconnecting members 26 and comer wall panel interconnecting members 27.
  • the wall panels 23 are connected to the corner post 20 and corner sill 11 by fitting and mounting the corner wall panel interconnecting members 27 between the corner post interconnecting members 22 and the corner sill back 13 and bolting bolts through holes 28 in the corner wall panel interconnecting members 27 and holes 31 in the corner post interconnecting members 22.
  • the corrugated wall panels 23 are mounted and fitted to the sills by mounting and fitting the wall panel ridges 24 between the sill backs 6 and sill interconnecting members 9 and by bolting a bolt through holes 32 in the wall panel ridges 24 and holes 33 in the sill interconnecting members 9.
  • the wall panel depressions 25 fit and are mounted between the sill box members 8 and the sill backs 6 and bolts are bolted through holes 34 in the wall panel depressions 25 and aligned holes (not shown) in the sill backs 6.
  • a wall panel splice 35 is shown in FIG. 2 for connecting adjacent wall panels 23. Bolts are bolted through aligned holes 36 in the wall panel splice 35 and holes 37 in the wall panel interconnecting members 26.
  • the wall panel splice 35 does not extend down and between the sill box members 8 and the sill backs 6.
  • a corrugated floor panel 38 is provided.
  • the floor panel 38 has alternating floor panel ridges 41 and floor panel depressions 42 and floor panel notches 43 and floor panel edges 44.
  • the bottoms of the floor panel depressions 42 and floor panel edge 44 are fitted and mounted to the tops of the sill box members 8 and the corner sill box member 14.
  • the floor panel ridges 41 and fioor panel notches 43 are dimensioned to fit snugly around the adjacent wall panel ridges 24.
  • the floor panel ridges 41 inside dimensions are equal to the wall panel ridges 24 outside dimensions.
  • the floor panel depressions 42 outside dimensions are equal to the wall panel depressions 25 inside dimensions.
  • Holes 45 in the floor panel edges 44 and floor panel depressions 42 are bolted by bolts through aligned holes 46 in the'sill box members 8 and the corner sill box member 14. Also the floor panel ridges 41 are bolted to the adjacent wall panel ridges 24 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 47 in the floor panel ridges 41 and holes 48 in the adjacent wall panel ridges 24.
  • a floor panel splice 51 is provided for connecting adjacent floor panels 38. The floor panel splice 51 is dimensioned to fit snugly to and overlap the adjacent edges of the floor panels 38 and bolts the floor panels together by bolts bolted through holes 52 in the floor panels 38 and aligned holes 53 in the floor panel splice 51.
  • a first inverted U-shaped header 54 having a first header inside side 55 and first header outside side 56 is fitted down and over and mounted to the top of one wall of the corrugated wall panels 23 and comer post 20.
  • the first header 54 is bolted to the top of the corrugated wall panels 23 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 57 in the wall panel ridges 24 and holes 58 in the first header inside side 55.
  • the first header 54 also is bolted to the top of the wall panels 23 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 61 in the wall panel depressions 25 and holes (now shown) in the first header outside side 56.
  • a second inverted U-shaped header 62 having a second header inside side 63 and second header outside side 64 is fitted down and over and mounted to the top of the other wall of the corrugated wall panels 23 and to the top of the corner post 20.
  • the second header 62 is bolted to the top of the corrugated wall panel 23 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 65 in the wall panel ridges and holes 66 in the second header inside side 63.
  • the second header 62 is also bolted to the top of the other wall panels 23 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 67 in the wall panel depressions 25 and holes (not shown) in the second header outside side 64.
  • a corrugated ceiling panel 68 having alternating ceiling panel ridges 71 and ceiling panel depressions 72 and a ceiling panel edge 73 is provided.
  • the ceiling panel edge 73 is mounted to the top of the first header 54 and the bottoms of the ceiling panel ridges 71 are mounted to the top of the second header 62.
  • a U-shaped third header 74 is mounted to the top of the ceiling panel edge 73.
  • the first header 54, ceiling panel edge 73 and third header 74 are bolted together by bolts bolted through aligned holes 75 in the top of the first header 54, holes 76 in the ceiling panel edge 73 and holes (not shown) in the bottom of the third header 74.
  • ceiling panel ridges 71 are bolted to the second header 62 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 77 in the top of the second header 62 and holes 78 in the ceiling panel ridges 71. Holes 81 in the ceiling panel 68 are available for connecting to a second ceiling panel (not shown).
  • a corrugated end panel 82 having alternating end panel ridges 83 and end panel depressions 84 is provided.
  • the corrugated end panel 82 has a sloping end panel top 85 and an end panel bottom 86.
  • the slope of the sloping end panel top 85 can be as desired.
  • the end panel bottom 86 is mounted and fitted in the third header 74.
  • the third header 74 has a third header inside side 87 and third header outside side 88.
  • the end panel 82 is mounted to the third header 74 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 91 in the end panel ridges 83 and holes 92 in the third header inside side 87 and by bolts bolted through aligned holes 93 in the end panel depressions 84 and holes 94 in the third header outside side 88.
  • An inverted U-shaped fourth header 95 having a fourth header inside side 97 and fourth header outside side 98 is mounted to the end panel top 85.
  • the fourth header 95 is mounted to the end panel top 85 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 101 in the end panel ridges 83 and holes in the fourth header inside side 97 and by bolts bolted through aligned holes 103 in the end panel depressions 84 and holes (not shown) in the fourth header outside side 98.
  • An inverted Y-shaped roof beam 104 having a first roof beam panel 105, second roof beam panel 106 and third roof beam panel 107 is provided.
  • the roof beam outside end 99 abuts against the fourth header 95. Holes are provided for mounting a second roof panel (not shown).
  • a first corrugated roof panel 107 having alternating roof panel ridges 108 and roof panel depressions 109 and a roof panel edge 110 is provided.
  • the roof panel edge 110 is mounted to the top of the fourth header 95.
  • the roof panel edge 110 is bolted to the fourth header 95 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 112 in the roof panel edge 110 and holes 113 in the fourth header 95.
  • the roof panel ridges 108 are mounted to the first roof beam panel 105 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 114 in the roof panel ridges 108 and holes (not shown) in the first roof beam panel 105.
  • the roof panel ridges 108 and roof panel depressions 109 are so dimensioned that the roof panel ridges 108 fit snugly in the ceiling panel ridges 71 and the roof panel depressions 109 fit snugly over the ceiling panel depressions 72 at the roof panel second end 115.
  • the roof panel ridges 108 outside dimensions are equal to the ceiling panel ridges 71 inside dimensions.
  • the roof panel depressions 109 inside dimensions are equal to ceiling panel depressions 72 outside dimensions.
  • the roof panel depressions 109 are bolted to the ceiling panel depressions 72 adjacent the roof panel second end 115 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 116 in the ceiling panel depressions 72 and holes 117 in the roof panel depressions 109.
  • corrugated wall panels 23, floor panels 38, ceiling panels 68, end panels 82 and roof panels 107 could be, but not necessarily need be, made from the same mold or die.
  • a wall assembly which comprises:
  • sill having a sill back, sill floor, raised sill box members and sill interconnecting members, the sill interconnecting members connecting the raised sill box members substantially near the raised sill box members midpoints;
  • a corrugated wall panel having alternating wall panel ridges and wall panel depressions and wall panel interconnecting members mounted to the sill by fitting and mounting the wall panel ridges between the sill back and the sill interconnecting members with the front of the wall panel ridges abutting the sill interconnecting members and with the sides of the wall panel ridges abutting the adjacent raised sill box members and by snugly fitting and mounting the wall panel depressions between the sill back and the raised sill box members.
  • a building assembly which comprises:
  • sills having sill backs, sill floors, sill box members and sill interconnecting members mounted to the foundation;
  • a corner sill having a corner sill back, a corner sill floor, a corner sill box member and comer sill interconnecting members mounted to the foundation comer with the corner sill back abutting the adjacent sill backs and the corner sill interconnecting members abutting the adjacent sill interconnecting members;
  • a corner post having a corner post body member and corner post interconnecting members mounted to the corner sill with the corner post body member and corner post interconnecting members mounted between the corner sill back and corner sill box member;
  • first corrugated wall panel and second corrugated wall panel each having alternating wall panel ridges and wall panel depressions and wall panel interconnecting members and corner wall panel interconnecting members mounted to the corner post, corner sill, and sills by fitting and mounting the corner wall panel interconnecting members between the corner post interconnecting members and the corner sill back and fitting and mounting the wall panel ridges between the sill backs and the sill interconnecting members and the wall panel depressions between the sill backs and the sill box members.
  • a building assembly as recited in claim 2 including the following additional element which comprises:
  • a corrugated floor panel having alternating floor panel ridges and floor panel depressions and a floor panel edge and floor panel notches in the floor panel ridges mounted to the tops of the sill box members and the top of the corner sill box member with the floor panel edge mounted to the tops of the adjacent sill box members and top of the corner sill box member and with the bottoms of the floor panel depressions mounted to the tops of the adjacent sill box members and with the floor panel notches dimensioned to be fitted snugly around and mounted to the adjacent wall panel ridges.
  • a roof and ceiling assembly for walls which comprises:
  • a corrugated ceiling panel having alternating ceiling panel ridges and ceiling panel depressions and a ceiling panel edge mounted to the walls with the ceiling panel edge mounted to the top of a first wall and the bottom of the ceiling panel ridges mounted to the top of an adjacent second wall;
  • a corrugated end panel having alternating end panel ridges and end panel depressions and end panel top and an end. panel bottom mounted to the ceiling panel by mounting the end panel bottom to the ceiling panel edge;
  • a corrugated roof panel having alternating roof panel ridges and roof panel depressions and a roof panel edge mounted to the corrugated end panel and corrugated ceilin g panel with the roof panel edge mounted to the sloping end panel top and with the roof panel ridges dimensioned to snugly fit and be mounted to the adjacent ceiling panel ridges ends and the roof panel depressions dimensioned to snugly fit and be mounted to the ceiling panel depressions ends.
  • a building assembly which comprises:
  • a comer sill having a comer sill back, a comer sill floor, a
  • comer sill box member and corner sill interconnecting members mounted to the foundation comer with the ing members and comer wall panel interconnecting members mounted to the corner post, corner sill, and sills by fitting and mounting the corner wall panel interconnecting members between the comer post interconnecting members and the corner sill back and fitting and mounting the wall panel ridges between the sill backs and the sill interconnecting members and the wall panel depressions between the sill backs and the sill box members;
  • a corrugated floor panel having alternating floor panel ridges and floor panel depressions and a floor panel edge and floor panel notches in the floor panel ridges mounted to the tops of the sill box members and the comer sill box member with the floor panel edge mounted to the tops of the adjacent sill box members and comer sill box member and with the bottoms of the floor panel depressions mounted to the tops of the adjacent sill box members and with the floor panel notches dimensioned to be fitted snugly around and mounted to the adjacent wall panel ridges;
  • a corrugated ceiling panel having alternating ceiling panel ridges and ceiling panel depressions and a ceiling panel edge mounted to the first header and second header by mounting the ceiling panel edge to the first header and by mounting the bottoms of the ceiling panel ridges to the second header;
  • a corrugated end panel having alternating end panel ridges and end panel depressions and a sloping end panel top and an end panel bottom mounted to the third header by mounting the end panel bottom to the third header;
  • a corrugated roof panel having alternating roof panel ridges dimensioned to fit snugly in the ceiling panel ridges and roof panel depressions dimensioned to fit snugly over the ceiling panel depressions and a roof panel edge mounted to the fourth header, first roof beam panel and corrugated ceiling panel by mounting the roof panel edge to the fourth header and by mounting the first ends of the roof panel ridges to the first roof beam panel with the roof panel first end abutting the second roof beam panel and by mounting the roof panel second end to the ceiling panel by mounting the roof panel ridges snugly in the celling panel ridges and by mounting the roof panel depressions snugly over the ceiling panel depressions.

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  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Electromagnetism (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
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Abstract

A foundation is provided. Sills are bolted to the foundation. The sills have sill backs, sill floors, sill box members and sill interconnecting members. A corner sill is also bolted to the foundation and connects the sills at the corners. Corrugated wall panels are provided that have alternating wall ridges and wall depressions. The corrugated wall panels are mounted to the sills by mounting the wall panel ridges between the sill backs and sill interconnecting members and by mounting the wall panel depressions between the sill backs and sill box members. A corner post is mounted to the corner sill and connects the corrugated wall panels. A corrugated floor panel is mounted to the sills and corrugated wall panel. A corrugated ceiling panel is mounted to a first and a second header mounted to the corrugated wall panel tops. A corrugated end panel having a sloping top is mounted to a third header mounted to the first header. A corrugated roof panel is mounted to a fourth header mounted to the corrugated end panel top. The roof panel ridges and roof panel depressions are so dimensioned that the roof panel ridges will fit in the ceiling panel ridges and the roof panel depressions will fit over the ceiling panel depressions.

Description

United States Patent Garton 51 Apr. 25, 972
[54] PREFABRICATED HOUSE OR BUILDING Chester D. Gar-ton, 603 West 6th Street, Chapman, Kans. 67431 [22] Filed: May 25, 1970 [21] Appl.No.: 40,002
[72] Inventor:
[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,511,004 5/1970 Snellings ..52/537 Primary Examiner-Alfred C. Perham Attorney-Norman G. Steanson, Jr.
[57] ABSTRACT A foundation is provided. Sills are bolted to the foundation. The sills have sill backs, sill floors, sillboi membeis and sill interconnecting members. A comer sill is also bolted to the foundation and connects the sills at the comers. Corrugated wall panels are provided that have alternating wall ridges and wall depressions. The corrugated wall panels are mounted to the sills by mounting the wall panel ridges between the sill backs and sill interconnecting members and by mounting the wall panel depressions between the sill backs and sill box members. A comer post is mounted to the comer sill and connects the corrugated wall panels. A corrugated floor panel is mounted to the sills and corrugated wall panel. A corrugated ceiling panel is mounted to a first and a second header mounted to the corrugated wall panel tops. A corrugated end panel having a sloping top is mounted to a third header mounted to the first header. A corrugated roof panel is mounted to a fourth header mounted to the corrugated end panel top. The roof panel ridges and roof panel depressions are so dimensioned that the roof panel ridges will fit in the ceiling panel ridges and the roof panel depressions will fit over the ceiling panel depressions.
5 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PATENTEUAPR 25 m2 SHEET 10F 2 m mmDmvE INVENTOR.
CHESTER D. GARTON ATTORNEY PATENTEDAPRZS I972 SHEET 2 BF 2 INVENTOR.
CHESTER D. GARTON BY flux/Wm FIGURE 2 ATTORNEY PREFABRICATED HOUSE OR BUILDING BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to prefabricated houses or buildings.
Buildings have been provided in the prior art that are constructed of corrugated panels. Also the prior art shows numerous buildings constructed of prefabricated parts. A common way of joining the panels is by means of male-female joints. However, this invention combines in one invention many of the advantages and problems solved in the various constructions in the prior art.
A problem solved by this invention is that a construction is provided in which the parts are uniform in size so that the house or building may be constructed and assembled by unskilled labor with labor-saving ease and rapidity of construction and assembly.
Another problem solved by the invention is that heating and air conditioning ducts are built into the floors, walls and ceilings.
Another problem solved by this invention is that the parts may be made of a great variety of materials of construction, such as fiberglass, plastics, laminated wood or metals.
Another problem solved by this invention is that the floors, walls, ceilings and roofs are corrugated for high strength and could be made from the same mold or dies.
Another problem solved by this invention is that standard building materials can be used for sidings for walls, ceiling and roof and for windows and doors.
Another problem solved by this invention is that the parts can be made any width or length.
Another problem solved by this invention is that because of the corrugations in the wall panels, studs and outside sheeting are, in effect, formed in one piece in panels of uniform height and width, thus reducing labor erection pieces by a considerable amount.
Another problem solved by this invention is that because parts will be made under shop conditions and by jigs and molds, uniformity of size and complete interchangibilty will be achieved.
Another problem solved by this invention is that the comer post design and wall panel connection to the comer post is self squaring.
Another problem solved by this invention is that the unique design of the interlocking floor panel corrugations and wall panel corrugations will speed assembly and by fastening them together will create a stronger connection than standard designs now used.
Another problem solved by this invention is that in some instances a sub-flooring can be eliminated because of the corrugated floor panel design.
Another problem solved by this invention is that by molding or forming the parts of the prefabricated house or building, the parts will automatically fit into place, thus not requiring measurements of individual parts on the job site.
Another problem solved by this invention is that the wall panels will be shop made and window and door frame openings will be jigged, thus saving on job construction time.
Another problem solved by this invention is that because of the panels width design, settling cracks or breaks would be greatly reduced.
Another problem solved by this invention is that with certain materials that could be used, no warping, swelling or distortion would occur.
Another problem solved by this invention is that because of the corrugations in the roof panel, sub-deck roofing could be eliminated.
Another problem solved by this invention is that the corrugations of the ceiling panel and the corrugations of the roof panel intermesh for easy and positive connection.
Another advantage of this invention is that interior partition walls could be easily and quickly erected.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention comprises prefabricated parts that interlock together when assembled to form a house or building. A foundation is provided. Sills having sill backs, sill floors, sill box members and sill interconnecting members are bolted to the foundation. Corrugated wall panels having alternating ridges and depressions are mounted to the sills by mounting the wall panel ridges between the sill backs and sill interconnecting members and by mounting the wall panel depressions between the sill backs and sill box members. A comer sill is bolted to the foundation and connects the sills at the comers. A corner post is mounted to the corner sill and connects the corrugated wall panels at the corners. A corrugated floor panel is mounted to the sill box member tops and wall panel ridges. A corrugated ceiling is mounted to first and second headers mounted to the corrugated wall panel tops. A corrugated end panel having a sloping top is mounted to a third header mounted to the first header. A corrugated roof panel is mounted to a fourth header mounted to the corrugated end panel top. The roof panel ridges and roof panel depressions are so dimensioned that the roof panel ridges will fit snugly in the ceiling panel ridges and the roof panel depressions will fit snugly over the ceiling panel depressions for an easy and positive connection.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a house or building con structed in accordance with the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view, not to scale, of a comer of the house or building showing the parts in accordance with the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 1.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to FIG. 1, a house or building having a door 1 and window 2 is shown. Referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, a foundation 3 is provided. Anchor bolts 4 are embedded in the foundation 3. Sills 5 are mounted to the foundation 3. The sills 5 have sill backs 6, sill floors 7, sill box members 8 and sill interconnecting members 9. Anchor bolts 4 project through holes 10 in the sill box members 8 and nuts are tightened on the threaded ends of anchor bolts 4 to hold the sills 5 firmly on the foundation 3. The parts of the house are described and shown as being bolted together but could be connected and mounted together by any convenient means, depending on the material used, such as nailing, bolting, fusing, screwing or bonding. The holes for connecting and mounting the parts together are shown on the drawings but the nuts and bolts for connecting and mounting the parts together are not shown on the drawings because showing all the nuts and bolts on the drawing would make the drawings cluttered and it is thought unnecessary to show all the nuts and bolts to enable one skilled in the art to make and use the invention. A comer sill 11 is mounted to foundation corner 12. The corner sill 11 has a corner sill back 13, a corner sill floor 19, a corner sill box member 14 and comer sill interconnecting members 15. The comer sill 11 is mounted firmly to the foundation comer 12 by bolting comer anchor bolts 16 through and to holes 17 in the corner sill box member 14. The corner sill back 13 abuts the sill backs 6 and the comer sill interconnecting members 15 abut the sill interconnecting members 9.
A corner post 20 is provided. The corner post 20 has a comer post body member 21 and corner post interconnecting members 22. The corner post 20 is mounted and fitted to the comer sill 11 by fitting and mounting the comer post body member 21 and comer post interconnecting members 22 between the corner sill back 13 and corner sill box member 14.
Corrugated wall panels 23 are provided. The wall panels 23 have alternating wall panel ridges 24 and wall panel depressions 25. The wall panels 23 also have wall panel interconnecting members 26 and comer wall panel interconnecting members 27. The wall panels 23 are connected to the corner post 20 and corner sill 11 by fitting and mounting the corner wall panel interconnecting members 27 between the corner post interconnecting members 22 and the corner sill back 13 and bolting bolts through holes 28 in the corner wall panel interconnecting members 27 and holes 31 in the corner post interconnecting members 22. The corrugated wall panels 23 are mounted and fitted to the sills by mounting and fitting the wall panel ridges 24 between the sill backs 6 and sill interconnecting members 9 and by bolting a bolt through holes 32 in the wall panel ridges 24 and holes 33 in the sill interconnecting members 9. The wall panel depressions 25 fit and are mounted between the sill box members 8 and the sill backs 6 and bolts are bolted through holes 34 in the wall panel depressions 25 and aligned holes (not shown) in the sill backs 6. A wall panel splice 35 is shown in FIG. 2 for connecting adjacent wall panels 23. Bolts are bolted through aligned holes 36 in the wall panel splice 35 and holes 37 in the wall panel interconnecting members 26. The wall panel splice 35 does not extend down and between the sill box members 8 and the sill backs 6.
A corrugated floor panel 38 is provided. The floor panel 38 has alternating floor panel ridges 41 and floor panel depressions 42 and floor panel notches 43 and floor panel edges 44. The bottoms of the floor panel depressions 42 and floor panel edge 44 are fitted and mounted to the tops of the sill box members 8 and the corner sill box member 14. The floor panel ridges 41 and fioor panel notches 43 are dimensioned to fit snugly around the adjacent wall panel ridges 24. The floor panel ridges 41 inside dimensions are equal to the wall panel ridges 24 outside dimensions. The floor panel depressions 42 outside dimensions are equal to the wall panel depressions 25 inside dimensions. Holes 45 in the floor panel edges 44 and floor panel depressions 42 are bolted by bolts through aligned holes 46 in the'sill box members 8 and the corner sill box member 14. Also the floor panel ridges 41 are bolted to the adjacent wall panel ridges 24 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 47 in the floor panel ridges 41 and holes 48 in the adjacent wall panel ridges 24. A floor panel splice 51 is provided for connecting adjacent floor panels 38. The floor panel splice 51 is dimensioned to fit snugly to and overlap the adjacent edges of the floor panels 38 and bolts the floor panels together by bolts bolted through holes 52 in the floor panels 38 and aligned holes 53 in the floor panel splice 51.
A first inverted U-shaped header 54 having a first header inside side 55 and first header outside side 56 is fitted down and over and mounted to the top of one wall of the corrugated wall panels 23 and comer post 20. The first header 54 is bolted to the top of the corrugated wall panels 23 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 57 in the wall panel ridges 24 and holes 58 in the first header inside side 55. The first header 54 also is bolted to the top of the wall panels 23 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 61 in the wall panel depressions 25 and holes (now shown) in the first header outside side 56.
A second inverted U-shaped header 62 having a second header inside side 63 and second header outside side 64 is fitted down and over and mounted to the top of the other wall of the corrugated wall panels 23 and to the top of the corner post 20. The second header 62 is bolted to the top of the corrugated wall panel 23 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 65 in the wall panel ridges and holes 66 in the second header inside side 63. The second header 62 is also bolted to the top of the other wall panels 23 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 67 in the wall panel depressions 25 and holes (not shown) in the second header outside side 64.
A corrugated ceiling panel 68 having alternating ceiling panel ridges 71 and ceiling panel depressions 72 and a ceiling panel edge 73 is provided. The ceiling panel edge 73 is mounted to the top of the first header 54 and the bottoms of the ceiling panel ridges 71 are mounted to the top of the second header 62. A U-shaped third header 74 is mounted to the top of the ceiling panel edge 73. The first header 54, ceiling panel edge 73 and third header 74 are bolted together by bolts bolted through aligned holes 75 in the top of the first header 54, holes 76 in the ceiling panel edge 73 and holes (not shown) in the bottom of the third header 74. Also the ceiling panel ridges 71 are bolted to the second header 62 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 77 in the top of the second header 62 and holes 78 in the ceiling panel ridges 71. Holes 81 in the ceiling panel 68 are available for connecting to a second ceiling panel (not shown).
A corrugated end panel 82 having alternating end panel ridges 83 and end panel depressions 84 is provided. The corrugated end panel 82 has a sloping end panel top 85 and an end panel bottom 86. The slope of the sloping end panel top 85 can be as desired. The end panel bottom 86 is mounted and fitted in the third header 74. The third header 74 has a third header inside side 87 and third header outside side 88. The end panel 82 is mounted to the third header 74 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 91 in the end panel ridges 83 and holes 92 in the third header inside side 87 and by bolts bolted through aligned holes 93 in the end panel depressions 84 and holes 94 in the third header outside side 88.
An inverted U-shaped fourth header 95 having a fourth header inside side 97 and fourth header outside side 98 is mounted to the end panel top 85. The fourth header 95 is mounted to the end panel top 85 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 101 in the end panel ridges 83 and holes in the fourth header inside side 97 and by bolts bolted through aligned holes 103 in the end panel depressions 84 and holes (not shown) in the fourth header outside side 98.
An inverted Y-shaped roof beam 104 having a first roof beam panel 105, second roof beam panel 106 and third roof beam panel 107 is provided. The roof beam outside end 99 abuts against the fourth header 95. Holes are provided for mounting a second roof panel (not shown).
A first corrugated roof panel 107 having alternating roof panel ridges 108 and roof panel depressions 109 and a roof panel edge 110 is provided. The roof panel edge 110 is mounted to the top of the fourth header 95. The roof panel edge 110 is bolted to the fourth header 95 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 112 in the roof panel edge 110 and holes 113 in the fourth header 95. The roof panel ridges 108 are mounted to the first roof beam panel 105 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 114 in the roof panel ridges 108 and holes (not shown) in the first roof beam panel 105. The roof panel ridges 108 and roof panel depressions 109 are so dimensioned that the roof panel ridges 108 fit snugly in the ceiling panel ridges 71 and the roof panel depressions 109 fit snugly over the ceiling panel depressions 72 at the roof panel second end 115. The roof panel ridges 108 outside dimensions are equal to the ceiling panel ridges 71 inside dimensions. The roof panel depressions 109 inside dimensions are equal to ceiling panel depressions 72 outside dimensions. The roof panel depressions 109 are bolted to the ceiling panel depressions 72 adjacent the roof panel second end 115 by bolts bolted through aligned holes 116 in the ceiling panel depressions 72 and holes 117 in the roof panel depressions 109.
Again, the corrugated wall panels 23, floor panels 38, ceiling panels 68, end panels 82 and roof panels 107 could be, but not necessarily need be, made from the same mold or die.
The invention in its broader aspects is not limited to the specific manufacture shown and described but departures may be made therefrom within the scope of the accompanying claims without departing from the principles of the invention and without sacrificing its chief advantages.
lclaim:
1. A wall assembly which comprises:
a. a sill having a sill back, sill floor, raised sill box members and sill interconnecting members, the sill interconnecting members connecting the raised sill box members substantially near the raised sill box members midpoints;
b. a corrugated wall panel having alternating wall panel ridges and wall panel depressions and wall panel interconnecting members mounted to the sill by fitting and mounting the wall panel ridges between the sill back and the sill interconnecting members with the front of the wall panel ridges abutting the sill interconnecting members and with the sides of the wall panel ridges abutting the adjacent raised sill box members and by snugly fitting and mounting the wall panel depressions between the sill back and the raised sill box members.
2. A building assembly which comprises:
a. a foundation;
b. a plurality of sills having sill backs, sill floors, sill box members and sill interconnecting members mounted to the foundation;
c. a corner sill having a corner sill back, a corner sill floor, a corner sill box member and comer sill interconnecting members mounted to the foundation comer with the corner sill back abutting the adjacent sill backs and the corner sill interconnecting members abutting the adjacent sill interconnecting members;
d. a corner post having a corner post body member and corner post interconnecting members mounted to the corner sill with the corner post body member and corner post interconnecting members mounted between the corner sill back and corner sill box member;
e. a first corrugated wall panel and second corrugated wall panel each having alternating wall panel ridges and wall panel depressions and wall panel interconnecting members and corner wall panel interconnecting members mounted to the corner post, corner sill, and sills by fitting and mounting the corner wall panel interconnecting members between the corner post interconnecting members and the corner sill back and fitting and mounting the wall panel ridges between the sill backs and the sill interconnecting members and the wall panel depressions between the sill backs and the sill box members.
3. A building assembly as recited in claim 2 including the following additional element which comprises:
a. a corrugated floor panel having alternating floor panel ridges and floor panel depressions and a floor panel edge and floor panel notches in the floor panel ridges mounted to the tops of the sill box members and the top of the corner sill box member with the floor panel edge mounted to the tops of the adjacent sill box members and top of the corner sill box member and with the bottoms of the floor panel depressions mounted to the tops of the adjacent sill box members and with the floor panel notches dimensioned to be fitted snugly around and mounted to the adjacent wall panel ridges.
4. A roof and ceiling assembly for walls which comprises:
a. a corrugated ceiling panel having alternating ceiling panel ridges and ceiling panel depressions and a ceiling panel edge mounted to the walls with the ceiling panel edge mounted to the top of a first wall and the bottom of the ceiling panel ridges mounted to the top of an adjacent second wall;
b. a corrugated end panel having alternating end panel ridges and end panel depressions and end panel top and an end. panel bottom mounted to the ceiling panel by mounting the end panel bottom to the ceiling panel edge;
e. a corrugated roof panel having alternating roof panel ridges and roof panel depressions and a roof panel edge mounted to the corrugated end panel and corrugated ceilin g panel with the roof panel edge mounted to the sloping end panel top and with the roof panel ridges dimensioned to snugly fit and be mounted to the adjacent ceiling panel ridges ends and the roof panel depressions dimensioned to snugly fit and be mounted to the ceiling panel depressions ends.
5. A building assembly which comprises:
a. a foundation;
b. a plurality of sills having sill backs, sill floors, sill box members and sill interconnecting members mounted to the foundation; c. a comer sill having a comer sill back, a comer sill floor, a
comer sill box member and corner sill interconnecting members mounted to the foundation comer with the ing members and comer wall panel interconnecting members mounted to the corner post, corner sill, and sills by fitting and mounting the corner wall panel interconnecting members between the comer post interconnecting members and the corner sill back and fitting and mounting the wall panel ridges between the sill backs and the sill interconnecting members and the wall panel depressions between the sill backs and the sill box members;
f. a corrugated floor panel having alternating floor panel ridges and floor panel depressions and a floor panel edge and floor panel notches in the floor panel ridges mounted to the tops of the sill box members and the comer sill box member with the floor panel edge mounted to the tops of the adjacent sill box members and comer sill box member and with the bottoms of the floor panel depressions mounted to the tops of the adjacent sill box members and with the floor panel notches dimensioned to be fitted snugly around and mounted to the adjacent wall panel ridges;
g. an inverted U-shaped first header mounted to the top of the first corrugated wall panel and a second inverted U- shaped header mounted to the top of the second corrugated wall panel;
h. a corrugated ceiling panel having alternating ceiling panel ridges and ceiling panel depressions and a ceiling panel edge mounted to the first header and second header by mounting the ceiling panel edge to the first header and by mounting the bottoms of the ceiling panel ridges to the second header;
i. a U-shaped third header mounted to the top of the first header;
j. a corrugated end panel having alternating end panel ridges and end panel depressions and a sloping end panel top and an end panel bottom mounted to the third header by mounting the end panel bottom to the third header;
k. an inverted U-shaped fourth header mounted to the sloping end panel top;
I. an inverted Y-shaped roof beam having a first roof beam panel, second roof beam panel and third roof beam panel with the roof beam outside end abutting the fourth header;
m. a corrugated roof panel having alternating roof panel ridges dimensioned to fit snugly in the ceiling panel ridges and roof panel depressions dimensioned to fit snugly over the ceiling panel depressions and a roof panel edge mounted to the fourth header, first roof beam panel and corrugated ceiling panel by mounting the roof panel edge to the fourth header and by mounting the first ends of the roof panel ridges to the first roof beam panel with the roof panel first end abutting the second roof beam panel and by mounting the roof panel second end to the ceiling panel by mounting the roof panel ridges snugly in the celling panel ridges and by mounting the roof panel depressions snugly over the ceiling panel depressions.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent N Dated 25 Inventor(g) D.
It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
On the cover sheet, insert the following references [56] 7 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1 ,406 ,757 2/1922 Pruden 52/94 2,023,814 12/1935 Lindsey 52/90 2 ,052 ,346 8/1936 Garrett 52/274 2 742 ,114 4/1956 Behlen 52/630 3,274,739 9/1966 Gregoire 52/90 3,308,596 3/1967 Cooper et.a1. 52/630 FOREIGN PATENTS 624,142 7/1961 Canada 52/90 Signed and sealed this 25th day of June 1971 (SEAL) Attest:
EIMARD M.FLETCHER,JR. C. MARSHALL DANN I Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents FORM PC3-1050 (10-69) USCOMM-DC sows-ps9 U.$. GOVERNMENT PRNTING OFFICE; I969 O366-334,
I UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTIQN Patent No. 3,657,849 1 Dated April 25, 1972 l Chester D. Garton It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
Column 3, line 56, "now" should read not Signed and sealed this 21soday of November 1972.
(SEAL) Attest:
EDWARD M.FLETCHER,JR. I ROBERT GOIISCHALK Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents FORM po'mso uscoMM-Dc 6O376-P69 .5. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 2 I969 0365-334,

Claims (5)

1. A wall assembly which comprises: a. a sill having a sill back, sill floor, raised sill box members and sill interconnecting members, the sill interconnecting members connecting the raised sill box members substantially near the raised sill box members midpoints; b. a corrugated wall panel having alternating wall panel ridges and wall panel depressions and wall panel interconnecting members mounted to the sill by fitting and mounting the wall panel ridges between the sill back and the sill interconnecting members with the front of the wall panel ridges abutting the sill interconnecting members and with the sides of the wall panel ridges abutting the adjacent raised sill box members and by snugly fitting and mounting the wall panel depressions between the sill back and the raised sill box members.
2. A building assembly which comprises: a. a foundation; b. a plurality of sills having sill backs, sill floors, sill box members and sill interconnecting members mounted to the foundation; c. a corner sill having a corner sill back, a corner sill floor, a corner sill box member and corner sill interconnecting members mounted to the foundation corner with the corner sill back abutting the adjacent sill backs and the corner sill interconnecting members abutting the adjacent sill interconnecting members; d. a corner post having a corner post body member and corner post interconnecting members mounted to the corner sill with the corner post body member and corner post interconnecting members mounted between the corner sill back and corner sill box member; e. a first corrugated wall panel and second corrugated wall panel each having alternating wall panel ridges and wall panel depressions and wall panel interconnecting members and corner wall panel interconnecting members mounted to the corner post, corner sill, and sills by fitting and mounting the corner wall panel interconnecting members between the corner post interconnecting members and the corner sill back and fitting and mounting the wall panel ridges between the sill backs and the sill interconnecting members and the wall panel depressions between the sill backs and the sill box members.
3. A building assembly as recited in claim 2 including the following additional element which comprises: a. a corrugated floor panel having alternating floor panel ridges and floor panel depressions and a floor panel edge and floor panel notches in the floor panel ridges mounted to the tops of the sill box members and the top of the corner sill box member with the floor panel edge mounted to the tops of the adjacent sill boX members and top of the corner sill box member and with the bottoms of the floor panel depressions mounted to the tops of the adjacent sill box members and with the floor panel notches dimensioned to be fitted snugly around and mounted to the adjacent wall panel ridges.
4. A roof and ceiling assembly for walls which comprises: a. a corrugated ceiling panel having alternating ceiling panel ridges and ceiling panel depressions and a ceiling panel edge mounted to the walls with the ceiling panel edge mounted to the top of a first wall and the bottom of the ceiling panel ridges mounted to the top of an adjacent second wall; b. a corrugated end panel having alternating end panel ridges and end panel depressions and end panel top and an end panel bottom mounted to the ceiling panel by mounting the end panel bottom to the ceiling panel edge; c. a corrugated roof panel having alternating roof panel ridges and roof panel depressions and a roof panel edge mounted to the corrugated end panel and corrugated ceiling panel with the roof panel edge mounted to the sloping end panel top and with the roof panel ridges dimensioned to snugly fit and be mounted to the adjacent ceiling panel ridges ends and the roof panel depressions dimensioned to snugly fit and be mounted to the ceiling panel depressions ends.
5. A building assembly which comprises: a. a foundation; b. a plurality of sills having sill backs, sill floors, sill box members and sill interconnecting members mounted to the foundation; c. a corner sill having a corner sill back, a corner sill floor, a corner sill box member and corner sill interconnecting members mounted to the foundation corner with the corner sill back abutting the adjacent sill backs and the corner sill interconnecting members abutting the adjacent sill interconnecting members; d. a corner post having a corner post body member and corner post interconnecting members mounted to the corner sill with the corner post body member and corner post interconnecting members mounted between the corner sill back and corner sill box member; e. at least a first corrugated wall panel and a second corrugated wall panel each having alternating wall panel ridges and wall panel depressions and wall panel interconnecting members and corner wall panel interconnecting members mounted to the corner post, corner sill, and sills by fitting and mounting the corner wall panel interconnecting members between the corner post interconnecting members and the corner sill back and fitting and mounting the wall panel ridges between the sill backs and the sill interconnecting members and the wall panel depressions between the sill backs and the sill box members; f. a corrugated floor panel having alternating floor panel ridges and floor panel depressions and a floor panel edge and floor panel notches in the floor panel ridges mounted to the tops of the sill box members and the corner sill box member with the floor panel edge mounted to the tops of the adjacent sill box members and corner sill box member and with the bottoms of the floor panel depressions mounted to the tops of the adjacent sill box members and with the floor panel notches dimensioned to be fitted snugly around and mounted to the adjacent wall panel ridges; g. an inverted U-shaped first header mounted to the top of the first corrugated wall panel and a second inverted U-shaped header mounted to the top of the second corrugated wall panel; h. a corrugated ceiling panel having alternating ceiling panel ridges and ceiling panel depressions and a ceiling panel edge mounted to the first header and second header by mounting the ceiling panel edge to the first header and by mounting the bottoms of the ceiling panel ridges to the second header; i. a U-shaped third header mounted to the top of the first header; j. a corrugated end panel having alternating end panel ridges and end panel depressions and a sloping end panel top and an end panel bottom mounted to the tHird header by mounting the end panel bottom to the third header; k. an inverted U-shaped fourth header mounted to the sloping end panel top; l. an inverted Y-shaped roof beam having a first roof beam panel, second roof beam panel and third roof beam panel with the roof beam outside end abutting the fourth header; m. a corrugated roof panel having alternating roof panel ridges dimensioned to fit snugly in the ceiling panel ridges and roof panel depressions dimensioned to fit snugly over the ceiling panel depressions and a roof panel edge mounted to the fourth header, first roof beam panel and corrugated ceiling panel by mounting the roof panel edge to the fourth header and by mounting the first ends of the roof panel ridges to the first roof beam panel with the roof panel first end abutting the second roof beam panel and by mounting the roof panel second end to the ceiling panel by mounting the roof panel ridges snugly in the ceiling panel ridges and by mounting the roof panel depressions snugly over the ceiling panel depressions.
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