US3650459A - Pallet type shipping container - Google Patents

Pallet type shipping container Download PDF

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US3650459A
US3650459A US3650459DA US3650459A US 3650459 A US3650459 A US 3650459A US 3650459D A US3650459D A US 3650459DA US 3650459 A US3650459 A US 3650459A
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container
body portion
articles
panel
top
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Roger A Tucker
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Mead Corp
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Mead Corp
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D19/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D19/02Rigid pallets with side walls, e.g. box pallets
    • B65D19/06Rigid pallets with side walls, e.g. box pallets with bodies formed by uniting or interconnecting two or more components
    • B65D19/20Rigid pallets with side walls, e.g. box pallets with bodies formed by uniting or interconnecting two or more components made wholly or mainly of paper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00014Materials for the load supporting surface
    • B65D2519/00019Paper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00049Materials for the base surface
    • B65D2519/00054Paper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00084Materials for the non-integral separating spacer
    • B65D2519/00089Paper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00084Materials for the non-integral separating spacer
    • B65D2519/00104Plastic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00154Materials for the side walls
    • B65D2519/00159Paper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00189Materials for the lid or cover
    • B65D2519/00194Paper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00263Overall construction of the pallet
    • B65D2519/00273Overall construction of the pallet made of more than one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00283Overall construction of the load supporting surface
    • B65D2519/00288Overall construction of the load supporting surface made of one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00313Overall construction of the base surface
    • B65D2519/00318Overall construction of the base surface made of one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00313Overall construction of the base surface
    • B65D2519/00328Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base
    • B65D2519/00343Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base contact surface being substantially in the form of a panel
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00368Overall construction of the non-integral separating spacer
    • B65D2519/00373Overall construction of the non-integral separating spacer whereby at least one spacer is made of one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00492Overall construction of the side walls
    • B65D2519/00497Overall construction of the side walls whereby at least one side wall is made of one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00547Connections
    • B65D2519/00552Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer
    • B65D2519/00557Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer without separate auxiliary elements
    • B65D2519/00562Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer without separate auxiliary elements chemical connection, e.g. glued, welded, sealed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00547Connections
    • B65D2519/00577Connections structures connecting side walls, including corner posts, to each other
    • B65D2519/00582Connections structures connecting side walls, including corner posts, to each other structures intended to be disassembled, i.e. collapsible or dismountable
    • B65D2519/00587Connections structures connecting side walls, including corner posts, to each other structures intended to be disassembled, i.e. collapsible or dismountable side walls directly connected to each other
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00547Connections
    • B65D2519/00671Connections structures connecting corner posts to the pallet
    • B65D2519/00676Structures intended to be disassembled
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00547Connections
    • B65D2519/00706Connections structures connecting the lid or cover to the side walls or corner posts
    • B65D2519/00711Connections structures connecting the lid or cover to the side walls or corner posts removable lid or covers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S229/00Envelopes, wrappers, and paperboard boxes
    • Y10S229/915Stacking feature
    • Y10S229/918Corner construction

Abstract

A pallet type light weight container for maximized utilization of available cargo space in freighter aircraft or other carriers includes provision for ease in loading and/or unloading of articles into and/or from the container with the front and top thereof open. The container requires on other fastening means except for customary tapes which are tightened and secured around the container after it has been erected and filled with articles to be shipped. The container can be shipped and/or stored in knocked-down form for assembly by the user and comprises essentially flat basic elements formed from flat sheets or blanks of material such as corrugated paper board or the like which are bent to form, respectively, bottom and top portions, a body portion, and a front panel readily detachably securable to the body portion. The container includes the provision of resilient elements in the bottom portion, and optionally at the corners of the container, for protectively cushioning articles within the container against impact loads and/or against compressive stresses to which the container may be subjected in connection with its shipment, handling, and/or storage.

Description

United States Patent Tucker 5] Mar. 21, 1972 [54] PALLET TYPE SHIPPING CONTAINER Primary Examiner-Joseph R. Leclair Assistant Examiner-Ste hen Marcus [72] Inventor: Roger A. Tucker, Blue Island, Ill. Atwmey hvin Gleinfand Edward M Trifle [73] Assignee: The Mead Corporation, Dayton, Ohio [57] ABSTRACT [22] Filed: Dec. 11,1969

A pallet type light weight container fbr maximized utilization PP No.1 884,233 of available cargo space in freighter aircraft or other carriers includes provision for ease in loading and/or unloading of artis2 u.s.c| ..229/23 A, 206/46 M, 206/60 A, and/m fmm and 229/23 R thereof open. The container req ures on other fastening means 511 int. Cl. ..B65d 13/04, B65d 19/20, B65d 85/64 'l i are f f a 58 Field of Search ..206/65 B, 60 A; 229 23 R, 23 A, f f zg f 'l f i sg z g [2 c 0/ R A 75 4 217/65 stored in knocked-down form for assembly by the user and I 56] References Cited comprises essentially flat basic elements formed from flat sheets or blanks of material such as corrugated paper board or UNlTED STATES p ATENTS the like which are bent to form, respectively, bottom and top portions, 21 body portion, and a front panel readily detachably 2,854,724 10/1958 Mono ....220/4 Seem-able to the body portion The container includes the 2,902,199 9/ 1959 Breton "206/60 A provision of resilient elements in the bottom portion, and op- 3,052,397 9/1962 Budd.... ..206/60 A tionally at the corners of the container, for protectively 3314976 10/1965 229/23 3 cushioning articles within the container against impact loads 3,357,628 12/ 1967 Flsh "229/214 B and/or against compressive stresses to which the container 3,504,842 4/1970 Grafslund ..229/23 B ay be subjected in connection with its shipment, handling,

and/or storage.

2 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures PATENTEDMARZI I972 3,650,459

SHEET 3 BF 6 LL ii i IL Z G I I C) l n 18 m a N lNWiN'ITm. p065? 4. 706K1 QLM mu. .2

PALLET TYPE SHIPPING CONTAINER BACKGROUND, SUMMARY AND OBJECTS The present invention relates to containers, and more particularly to pallet type containers.

Bu1k-packed shipments, or the shipment of a plurality of smaller articles or cartons in a larger pallet type container have proved to be both convenient and economical. Freight carriers save time and labor in handling, loading, and unloading such unitized loading which also achieves better utilization of available cargo space. These savings and advantages to the carriers result in benefits to the shipper in the form of reduced freight rates applicable to such loading or containerized freight shipments, particularly if the container dimensions conform to size specifications recommended by the carriers. Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide an improved pallet type container.

Another object is to provide an improved container that is strong, light in weight and suitable for air freight shipment, is easy and economical to manufacture, is economical in use of material with a minimum of waste material, and is expendable and does not require assembly by the container manufacturer.

Still another object is to provide an improved container that can be supplied to a shipper in knocked-down or kit form, employs basic components which are flat and are thereby easily shipped and stored and require minimum shipping and/or storage space, and can be readily assembled for use by the shipper without requiring specialized assembly equipment or specially trained personnel.

A further object is to provide an improved container for protectively cushioning articles therein against impact and/or compression loads to which the container may be subjected during shipment, handling, and/or storage thereof.

Still another object of the invention is to provide an improved container having basic components which do not require the use of securing means or fasteners other than tapes which are tightened and secured around the container after it has been loaded, and which provide for ease in loading and/or unloading with the front and top of the container open.

Additional objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following description taken in connection wit the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. I is a perspective view of the container embodying the present invention and showing the front panel partially assembled;

FIG. 2 is a view showing a blank from which the top is formed;

FIG. 3 is a view showing a blank from which the bottom tray is formed and showing pallet feet attached to the tray;

FIG. 4 is a view showing a blank from which the body portion is formed;

FIG. 5 is a view showing a blank from which the front panel is formed;

F IG. 6 is an exploded view illustrating how the several components of the container are assembled; and

FIG. 7 is a view showing a modification of FIG. 3.

Referring to the drawings, containers embodying the present invention are constructed of three basic elements, that is, top, bottom and body portions, which are essentially formed from flat, relatively rectangular sheets or panels of any suitable material such as corrugated board or the like.

Referring to FIG. 1, such a container is indicated generally at 10. The container comprises a top 11, a bottom indicated generally at 12, a body portion indicated generally at 13, and a separable front panel 14.

As illustrated in FIG. 2, the top is formed from a blank or sheet of suitable dimensions responding to the desired shape and dimensions of the container 10. The blank is scored along parallel score lines and also along parallel score lines 16 to define side and end flanges 17, 18, respectively. The blank is notched or severed at 19 along score lines 15 and thereby define flaps 20 at each ofthe four corners ofthe blank.

The bottom tray 12 comprises a tray portion 21, a bottom panel 22, with a plurality of pallet feet 23 disposed between tray 21 and bottom panel 22. As illustrated in FIG. 3, the bottom tray portion 21 is formed from a blank of suitable dimensions and corresponding generally to those of the top 11. The blank from which tray portion 21 is formed is scored along parallel score lines 24 and also along parallel lines 25 to define end flanges 26 and side flanges 27. The blank or sheet 21 is severed or notched at 28 along score lines 24 thereby defining a flap 29 at each of the four corners of the blank.

The bottom tray portion 21 may include pallet feet 23 of desired shape and suitable material secured to the tray portion by any convenient means, as for example, by glue. As illustrated in FIG. 3, the pallet feet 23 may be of circular cross section and formed of any suitable material as for example, corrugated board. Alternatively, as illustrated in FIGS. 6 and 7, the pallet feet 23a may be square or rectangular in cross section and may be formed of a molded plastic material such as polystyrene.

As shown in FIG. 4, the body portion 13 is formed from a rectangular sheet of blank preferably having a length substantially equal to the sum of the length of the container plus twice the width of the container plus twice the width of an anchor flap provided at each end thereof. The blank or sheet has a width corresponding to the desired height of the container plus the desired width of anchor flaps described hereinafter. The blank or sheet is scored by parallel score lines 30 to divide the sheet into end panels 31, 32 with side panel 33 therebetween. The blank is also scored along parallel score lines 34 to define anchor flaps 35, 36 at the opposite ends of the body portion 13.

The sheet or blank is also scored along score line 37 and is severed or notched at 38 along score lines 34 and is also severed or notched at 39 along score lines 30 to define anchoring and reinforcing flaps 31a, 32a, 33a, 35a, and 36a. The blank is further severed or notched at 40 along score lines 34 for a purpose which will become apparent as the description proceeds.

The blank from which the separable front panel 14 is formed is shown in FIG. 5. The sheet or blank is generally rectangular and preferably is of a length corresponding to the desired length of the container plus the width of anchoring flaps which are provided at each end of the blank. The blank is scored along parallel score lines 41 and is severed or notched at 42 along score lines 41 to define end flaps 43, 44 at opposite ends of panel 14.

If desired, corner posts 45 may be provided to strengthen the corners of the container 10 to provide compressive strength and/or cushioning for articles within the container and also to serve as reinforcing corner posts to strengthen the corners of the container against impact compressive forces which the container may be subjected. If provided, such comer posts may be constructed in accordance with U.S. Pat. No. 3,129,868, patented Apr. 21, I964.

Use and method of assembly of the container will be evident from the foregoing description. The pallet feet 23 or 23a are glued or other wise secured to the bottom panel 22 and to tray panel 21, as illustrated in FIGS. 1, 3, 6 and 7. The end and side flanges 26, 27, and comer flaps 29 are folded inwardly and upwardly to form a continuous upstanding flange at the periphery of tray panel 21 as is best shown in FIG. 6.

Body portion 13 is then formed into a generally U-shaped configuration as best shown in FIG. 6 by folding the flap blank along score lines 30, 34 and by also foldling along score line 37 so that the anchoring and reinforcing flaps 31a, 32a, 33a, 35a, and 36a project inwardly and form bottom reinforcements adapted to be supported by bottom tray 21. The body portion 13 is then inserted into the space enclosed by flanges 26, 27 of bottom tray 21 as is best shown in FIGS. 1 and 6. At this stage of assembly, the container 10 is open at the top and at the front so that articles to be shipped can be easily loaded thereinto. If corner posts 45 are desired, they are inserted at the comers of the then open container prior to loading the articles thereinto.

As articles are loaded into the container for shipment, they are arranged in layers and the bottom layer bears upon flaps 31a, 32a, 33a, 35a, and 36a of the body portion, which flaps have previously been folded inwardly and are then supported upon the horizontal surface of bottom tray 21. Thus, the weight of articles placed within the container and bearing on these flaps, securely anchors the body portion 13 and progressively stiffens it as the container is filled. After the container has been filled, the body portion is closed by securing the separable front panel 14 to the body portion. In accordance with the present invention this is easily accomplished by aligning notched portions 42 of panel 14 with notched portions 40 in the body portion, as shown in FIG. 6. The panel 14 is then pushed downwardly, as indicated in FIG. 1, until the lower edge contacts tray 21. Body portion 13 and panel 14 then constitute a continuous enclosing structure surrounding all sides of articles then loaded into the container.

The top 11 is then formed from the blank shown in FIG. 2 by folding the blank along score lines 15, 16 to form downwardly extending end and side flanges 17, 18, respectively, with the corner flaps 20 extending generally in the direction of the side flanges 18. The top is then assembled onto the previously loaded container with its downturned end and side flanges l7, l8 encompassing the upper edge of body portion 13 and panel 14. The assembly and loading of the container is now complete except for the installation of tapes or bands which are customarily employed to secure the container during shipment.

Such tapes form no part of the present invention and, accordingly, are not shown. It will be understood, however, that any of the known or standard methods of taping may be employed, using tapes made of metal, fiber or plastic material, and secured at their ends in any known fashion, as by means of metal clamps or clips applied by any of the customarily employed tensioning devices. Such tapes may be passed through the space between the bottom panel 22 and bottom tray 21 between the pallet feet 23 and then brought upwardly along the sides of the body portion and/or front panel and across top 11 and are then secured, using as many or as few tapes as may be desired. Similarly, one or more tapes may be passed between bottom panel 22 and tray 21 and upwardly along end panels 31, 32, and across top 11 and are then suitably secured.

It will be understood that the arrangement and spacing between individual pallet feet 23 may be varied to suit individual requirements. In general, such feet will be spaced apart and the spacing between bottom tray 21 and bottom panel 22 will be sufficient to permit the entry of the tines ofa fork truck, but otherwise, the arrangement of the pallet feet may be as desired in order to provide adequate support and load distribution. Also, containers embodying the present invention have the additional advantage, particularly when pallet feet 23 are constructed of resilient material such as corrugated board, of providing added protection for the contents of such containers against high compressive loading which may result from impact or rough handling during shipment.

Containers embodying the present invention may be made in any desired size and shape including more or less standardized dimensions recommended b the freight carriers to achieve maximum utilization of the cubic capacity of aircraft used by such carriers, thus enabling the shipper to obtain the benefit of incentive discount freight rates offered by such carriers when the recommended dimensions and sizes are employed. Additionally, it will be apparent that containers embodying the present invention are made of essentially rectangular and/or square sheet or blank material and are simple to manufacture as well as being economical in use of such material. The readily detachable separable front panel is of great assistance both in the loading and unloading of the container. Waste material is minimized since the sheets or blanks are not cut into complicated shapes and are merely scored and notched as indicated in the foregoing description. No assembly of parts is required to be done by the container manufacturer and the sheets can be stacked and shipped in flat condition, with minimum shipping cost and storage space requirements.

Accordingly, it will be apparent that containers embodying the present invention employ simple individual components that can be shipped and/or stored flat and can be easily assembled to coact synergistically to enclose a unitized load which includes a plurality of individual articles without requiring fastening means other than customary securing tapes, is selfsupporting when empty and is secured and progressively stiffened and strengthened during the loading of said individual articles into the partially assembled container, provides for easy loading and unloading, as well as, readily detachably connected load-encompassing body portions, together with bottom structure that combines resilience and strength features to simultaneously perform the dual functions of protective cushioning of the container structure and its contents with encasement and support of such contents.

While particular embodiments of the invention have been illustrated and described, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the invention and it is intended in the appended claims to cover all such changes and modifications that fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed:

1. A pallet type shipping container for unit loading with and shipment of a plurality of individual articles comprising a body portion,

a separable panel readily detachably secured to said body portion and forming therewith, when secured thereto, continuous structure for encompassing sides and ends of said articles,

a top, and

a resilient bottom for protectively cushioning said articles against impact loads and compressive stresses to which said container and said articles may be subjected during handling and storage thereof, and

means for readily detachably connecting said panel to said body portion, said means including notch means spaced apart from the opposite ends of said panel and extending upwardly from the lower edge thereof but terminating short of the upper edge thereof, and

second notch means spaced apart from the opposite ends of said body portion and extending downwardly from the upper edge thereof but terminating short of the lower edge thereof.

2. A pallet type shipping container for unit loading with and shipment of a plurality of individual articles comprising a body portion,

a separable panel readily detachably secured to said body portion and forming therewith, when secured thereto, continuous structure for encompassing sides and ends of said articles,

a top, and

a resilient bottom for protectively cushioning said articles against impact loads and compressive stresses to which said container and said articles may be subjected during handling and storage thereof, wherein said container is in knocked-down or kit form for shipment and storage of said container and for easy assembly for use comprising flat generally rectangular sheets for respectively forming said body portion, said panel, said top, and a bottom tray, said body portion sheet being scored and defining two end panels with a side panel therebetween and flaps at each end thereof and being further scored and defining bottom reinforcing and anchoring flaps, said sheet being notched between adjacent reinforcing and anchoring flaps, said panel sheet being scored and defining flaps at each end thereof with said panel therebetween, and

said top sheet and said bottom tray sheet each being scored and notched to define side and end flanges foldable downwardly from said top and upwardly from said bottom tray for receiving inside said flanges said body portion and said separable panel.

Claims (2)

1. A pallet type shipping container for unit loading with and shipment of a plurality of individual articles comprising a body portion, a separable panel readily detachably secured to said bodY portion and forming therewith, when secured thereto, continuous structure for encompassing sides and ends of said articles, a top, and a resilient bottom for protectively cushioning said articles against impact loads and compressive stresses to which said container and said articles may be subjected during handling and storage thereof, and means for readily detachably connecting said panel to said body portion, said means including notch means spaced apart from the opposite ends of said panel and extending upwardly from the lower edge thereof but terminating short of the upper edge thereof, and second notch means spaced apart from the opposite ends of said body portion and extending downwardly from the upper edge thereof but terminating short of the lower edge thereof.
2. A pallet type shipping container for unit loading with and shipment of a plurality of individual articles comprising a body portion, a separable panel readily detachably secured to said body portion and forming therewith, when secured thereto, continuous structure for encompassing sides and ends of said articles, a top, and a resilient bottom for protectively cushioning said articles against impact loads and compressive stresses to which said container and said articles may be subjected during handling and storage thereof, wherein said container is in knocked-down or kit form for shipment and storage of said container and for easy assembly for use comprising flat generally rectangular sheets for respectively forming said body portion, said panel, said top, and a bottom tray, said body portion sheet being scored and defining two end panels with a side panel therebetween and flaps at each end thereof and being further scored and defining bottom reinforcing and anchoring flaps, said sheet being notched between adjacent reinforcing and anchoring flaps, said panel sheet being scored and defining flaps at each end thereof with said panel therebetween, and said top sheet and said bottom tray sheet each being scored and notched to define side and end flanges foldable downwardly from said top and upwardly from said bottom tray for receiving inside said flanges said body portion and said separable panel.
US3650459D 1969-12-11 1969-12-11 Pallet type shipping container Expired - Lifetime US3650459A (en)

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US3949929A (en) * 1974-12-13 1976-04-13 Kupersmit Julius B Collapsible container construction having hook and pile interconnecting means
US3995736A (en) * 1975-05-22 1976-12-07 Olinkraft, Inc. Combination shipping pallet/container
US4019634A (en) * 1975-03-19 1977-04-26 Pierre Edmond Michel Bonnot Collapsible shipping container
US4030600A (en) * 1975-06-26 1977-06-21 Connelly Containers, Inc. Collapsible bulk shipping container
US4044981A (en) * 1976-06-14 1977-08-30 The Magnavox Company Paperboard pallet
US4129246A (en) * 1977-10-28 1978-12-12 Overton Company Shipping carton
US4697731A (en) * 1986-05-05 1987-10-06 Oi Forest Products Sts Inc. Collapsible bulk shipping container with take-out front panel
US4992068A (en) * 1989-12-28 1991-02-12 Conrad Peter M Educational play house
WO1992004239A1 (en) * 1990-08-30 1992-03-19 Jospak Oy Container for transportation and merchandising with releasable front wall
US5160025A (en) * 1991-08-09 1992-11-03 Uarco Incorporated Battery shipping container
US5450998A (en) * 1993-12-20 1995-09-19 General Mills, Inc. Fabricated on demand totes
US6082613A (en) * 1998-08-10 2000-07-04 General Mills, Inc. Interplant bulk shipment containers
US6250050B1 (en) * 2000-03-13 2001-06-26 North American Container Corp. Wing-end wood-cleated corrugated paperboard container and method
US6298994B1 (en) * 1999-11-12 2001-10-09 Crown Cork & Seal Technologies Corporation Hexagonal shipping container system
US6467615B1 (en) * 1998-10-19 2002-10-22 Rittal Rudolf Loh Gmbh & Co. Kg Packaging for a switch cabinet
US6612247B1 (en) 2002-09-11 2003-09-02 St. Marys Box Co. Inc. Corrugated shipping pallet
US20050161496A1 (en) * 2001-09-06 2005-07-28 Stone Container Corporation Shipping container convertible to a display container
US20090277901A1 (en) * 2008-05-09 2009-11-12 Markus Port Unit load for the transport of absorbent hygiene articles
WO2010086140A1 (en) 2009-01-30 2010-08-05 Khs Gmbh Method for producing a pallet unit and pallet unit
US20110049004A1 (en) * 2009-08-28 2011-03-03 Summit Container Corporation Box insert
US8061521B1 (en) * 2010-04-30 2011-11-22 Sonoco Development Inc. Packaging system for a large article
US20110290699A1 (en) * 2010-05-28 2011-12-01 Metal Fabricating Corporation Packing reinforcement member
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US20140261533A1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2014-09-18 Barbara Brock Compact Organizer for Cosmetics
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US20160194110A1 (en) * 2015-01-02 2016-07-07 Orbis Corporation Sleeve pack assembly
US20160278545A1 (en) * 2014-04-29 2016-09-29 Miarnau Fernandez Modular structure for cardboard tower-like displays
ES2584324R1 (en) * 2014-12-22 2016-12-30 Bsh Electrodomésticos España, S.A. Packaging module for cooking fields.

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Cited By (36)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3949929A (en) * 1974-12-13 1976-04-13 Kupersmit Julius B Collapsible container construction having hook and pile interconnecting means
US4019634A (en) * 1975-03-19 1977-04-26 Pierre Edmond Michel Bonnot Collapsible shipping container
US3995736A (en) * 1975-05-22 1976-12-07 Olinkraft, Inc. Combination shipping pallet/container
US4030600A (en) * 1975-06-26 1977-06-21 Connelly Containers, Inc. Collapsible bulk shipping container
US4044981A (en) * 1976-06-14 1977-08-30 The Magnavox Company Paperboard pallet
US4129246A (en) * 1977-10-28 1978-12-12 Overton Company Shipping carton
US4697731A (en) * 1986-05-05 1987-10-06 Oi Forest Products Sts Inc. Collapsible bulk shipping container with take-out front panel
US4992068A (en) * 1989-12-28 1991-02-12 Conrad Peter M Educational play house
WO1992004239A1 (en) * 1990-08-30 1992-03-19 Jospak Oy Container for transportation and merchandising with releasable front wall
US5160025A (en) * 1991-08-09 1992-11-03 Uarco Incorporated Battery shipping container
US5450998A (en) * 1993-12-20 1995-09-19 General Mills, Inc. Fabricated on demand totes
US6082613A (en) * 1998-08-10 2000-07-04 General Mills, Inc. Interplant bulk shipment containers
US6467615B1 (en) * 1998-10-19 2002-10-22 Rittal Rudolf Loh Gmbh & Co. Kg Packaging for a switch cabinet
US6298994B1 (en) * 1999-11-12 2001-10-09 Crown Cork & Seal Technologies Corporation Hexagonal shipping container system
US6250050B1 (en) * 2000-03-13 2001-06-26 North American Container Corp. Wing-end wood-cleated corrugated paperboard container and method
US7455215B2 (en) 2001-09-06 2008-11-25 Smurfit-Stone Container Enterprises, Inc. Shipping container convertible to a display container
US20050161496A1 (en) * 2001-09-06 2005-07-28 Stone Container Corporation Shipping container convertible to a display container
US7066379B2 (en) 2001-09-06 2006-06-27 Smurfit-Stone Container Enterprises, Inc. Shipping container convertible to a display container
US6736074B2 (en) 2002-09-11 2004-05-18 St. Marys Box Co. Inc. Lightweight wood substitute support member
US6612247B1 (en) 2002-09-11 2003-09-02 St. Marys Box Co. Inc. Corrugated shipping pallet
US20090277901A1 (en) * 2008-05-09 2009-11-12 Markus Port Unit load for the transport of absorbent hygiene articles
US8231004B2 (en) * 2008-05-09 2012-07-31 The Procter & Gamble Company Unit load for the transport of absorbent hygiene articles
WO2010086140A1 (en) 2009-01-30 2010-08-05 Khs Gmbh Method for producing a pallet unit and pallet unit
US20110049004A1 (en) * 2009-08-28 2011-03-03 Summit Container Corporation Box insert
US8061521B1 (en) * 2010-04-30 2011-11-22 Sonoco Development Inc. Packaging system for a large article
US20110290699A1 (en) * 2010-05-28 2011-12-01 Metal Fabricating Corporation Packing reinforcement member
US8584858B2 (en) * 2010-05-28 2013-11-19 Metal Fabricating Corporation Packing reinforcement member
DE102011051030A1 (en) * 2011-06-10 2012-12-13 Nordenia Deutschland Halle Gmbh Packaging, particularly for flat foil bags, for product handling systems, is provided with base, wall surfaces and removable lid, where base and lid are formed in box-shaped
US20140261533A1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2014-09-18 Barbara Brock Compact Organizer for Cosmetics
US9332814B2 (en) * 2013-03-15 2016-05-10 Barbara Brock Compact organizer for cosmetics
US9844281B2 (en) * 2014-04-29 2017-12-19 Julio Miarnau FERNANDEZ Modular structure for cardboard tower-like displays
US20160278545A1 (en) * 2014-04-29 2016-09-29 Miarnau Fernandez Modular structure for cardboard tower-like displays
ES2584324R1 (en) * 2014-12-22 2016-12-30 Bsh Electrodomésticos España, S.A. Packaging module for cooking fields.
US20160194110A1 (en) * 2015-01-02 2016-07-07 Orbis Corporation Sleeve pack assembly
US9764876B2 (en) * 2015-01-02 2017-09-19 Orbis Corporation Sleeve pack assembly
DE202015006539U1 (en) 2015-09-16 2015-11-17 Hartschaumzuschnitte Ilmenau Gmbh Volume variable thermal packaging

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