US3635117A - Ring fixing structure for woodwind musical instrument and method of obtaining the same - Google Patents

Ring fixing structure for woodwind musical instrument and method of obtaining the same Download PDF

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Publication number
US3635117A
US3635117A US3635117DA US3635117A US 3635117 A US3635117 A US 3635117A US 3635117D A US3635117D A US 3635117DA US 3635117 A US3635117 A US 3635117A
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Prior art keywords
ring
elongated hollow
around
grooves
musical instrument
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Expired - Lifetime
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Akira Nagao
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Nippon Gakki Co Ltd
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Nippon Gakki Co Ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D7/00General design of wind musical instruments
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/10Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor
    • Y10T156/1052Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor with cutting, punching, tearing or severing
    • Y10T156/1062Prior to assembly
    • Y10T156/1064Partial cutting [e.g., grooving or incising]

Abstract

In order to fix rings firmly around the elongated hollow bodies of a woodwind musical instrument, such as their joints and bell edge for reinforcing and ornamental purposes, grooves are formed, respectively, in opposite portions of the elongated hollow bodies and rings, and an adhesive of hot-melt-type is inserted and disposed in the grooves. After fitting the ring to the elongated hollow body with both grooves facing each other, the adhesive is heated into a melted state and solidified, the ring and the elongated hollow body being firmly adhered to each other.

Description

United States Patent Nagao [4 1 Jan. 18, 1972 RING FIXING STRUCTURE FOR f rences Cited WOODWIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENT UMTED ST TE T AND METHOD OF OBTAINING THE s A ENTS SAME 1,359,594 11/1920 Hams ..l56/293 2,328,574 9/1943 Mueller ..s4/as2 lnventor: Aklra Nagao, l-lamamatsu, Japan Nippon Gaklrl Seizo Kabushlki Kalsha, Shizuoka-ken, Japan Oct. 28, 1970 Assignee:

Filed:

Appl. No.:

Foreign Application Priority Data Oct. 31, 1969 Japan ..44/103322 US. Cl 34/380, 156/257, 156/293 Int. Cl. B23b 31/00, B290 19/00, GlOd 7/00 Field of Search ..84/380-385; 156/257, 293

Primary Examiner-Richard B. Wilkinson Assistant Examiner-John F. Gonzales Attorney-Flynn & Frishauf [57] ABSTRACT In order to fix rings firmly around the elongated hollow bodies of a woodwind musical instrument, such as their joints and bell edge for reinforcing and ornamental purposes, grooves are formed, respectively, in opposite portions of the elongated hollow bodies and rings, and an adhesive of hot-melt-type is inserted and disposed in the grooves.

After fitting the ring to the elongated hollow body with both grooves facing each other, the adhesive is heated into a melted state and solidified, the ring and the elongated hollow body being firmly adhered to each other.

6 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures PATENIEDJMWBIZ 3535,11?

FIG. 1 FIG 2 FIG. 4

RING FIXING STRUCTURE FOR WOODWIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENT AND METHOD OF OBTAINING THE SAME BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to woodwind musical instruments such as a clarinet, and more particularly to fixing structure of rings to be fixed onto one end of a plurality of elongated hollow bodies constituting such woodwind musical instruments.

A woodwind musical instrument such as a clarinet, as well known, includes a plurality of elongated hollow bodies respectively called mouthpiece, barrel, upper joint, lower joint, and bell. When such woodwind musical instrument is used, elongated hollow bodies are connected in a prescribed order.

A metallic cylindrical ring is inserted under pressure around the circumference of the end portion of each elongated body to be connected with the other body for reinforcing the end portion to prevent the damage of the end portion of the body when elongated hollow bodies are connected with each other. The ring is simply fitted onto the circumferential edges of the end portions of the body from the outside along the axial direction.

Consequently, in case that there is a change in the ambient conditions, for instance, the humidity falls, the bodies markedly contract and the ring is thereby loosened or separated from the bodies. If such is the fact, the ring provided for the purpose of reinforcing can not attain its object, and damage often occurs to the connecting portion of each elongated hollow body when the woodwind musical instrument falls down or when it is subjected to a sudden change in humidity or temperature.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is, accordingly, an object of this invention to provide a fixing structure of a ring of a woodwind musical instrument, always able to maintain a firmly fixed state between the ring and the elongated hollow body and withstanding the change of the humidity.

It is also an object of this invention to provide a method of fixing a ring around the elongated hollow bodies of the musical instrument.

The woodwind musical instrument comprises a plurality of elongated hollow bodies and rings attached to one end of each body. The characteristic of the present invention consists in the improvement wherein grooves are provided respectively in the opposite circumferential portions of the elongated hollow bodies and the rings, and an adhesive of hot melt type for fixedly adhering the ring and the elongated hollow body, is disposed in the grooves.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS As shown in FIG. 1, a woodwind musical instrument such as a clarinet is composed by connecting in sequence following elongated hollow bodies, a mouthpiece I, a barrel 2, an upper joint 3, a lower joint 4 and a bell 5.

The reference numeral 6 denotes a mouthpiece cap attached to one end of the mouthpiece l.

of a clarinet, an example of An annular ring or band 7 made of nickel silver, for instance, is fitted around the end or joint portion of each elongated hollow body to be connected with the other body. A similar ring or band 7' is fitted onto the circumference of the flared end of the bell 5 positioned at the end of the woodwind musical instrument. The rings fitted around .the respective elongated hollow bodies protect the joints of the respective bodies and the bell and also serve as ornaments.

Referring now to FIG. 2, one example of the ring fixing structure of this invention wherein the ring is fitted around the joint of elongated hollow bodies will first be explained as follows: A step portion 8 is formed down to a depth substantially equal to thickness of a ring 7 along the circumference of the end portion of an elongated hollow body, such as a barrel 2 of the woodwind musical instrument, to be connected with the other body or upper joint 3; and on the entire circumference of the middle portion of this step portion 8, a groove 9 is formed. Another groove 10 is formed in the inside portion of the ring 7 opposite to the groove 9 of the step portion 8. An adhesive 11 of hot melt type is inserted into the groove 10 of the ring and/or the groove 9 in the step portion 8 of the-elongated hollow body, and thereafter the ring 7 is fitted into the step portion 8 of the body 2. After fitting the ring into the step portion 8 of the elongated hollow body with both of the grooves 9 and 10 facing each other, the adhesive of hot melt type is heated from the outside of the ring 7 by using a suitable heating means until it is in a melted state. The melted adhesive flows through the grooves 9 and 10, and then by removing the heating means from the vicinity of the ring, the adhesive is solidified, and the ring 7 and body 2 are fixedly adhered.

Since the ring 7 is fixedly adhered to the elongated hollow body with the aid of an adhesive of hot melt type according to this invention, the ring is neither loosened nor separated from the body even when there is a change in humidity or when the musical instrument falls down. Further, if knurling is fonned in the bottom of the grooves 9 and 10 of the ring 7'and the step portion of the elongated hollow body, a stronger adhesion is ensured between the ring and the elongated body and prevents the rotation of the ring more effectively.

The stepped end portion of another elongated body 3, as shown in FIG. 2, is inserted into the end portion or bore of the elongated hollow body 2 around which the ring 7 is fixed, thereby connecting two bodies with each other. The reference numeral 12 indicates a cork material which is fixedly set on the circumference of the stepped end of the body 3 to provide friction and airtightness between the bodies 2 and 3.

As described above, the ring 7 according to another embodiment of this invention may be fitted onto the circumference of the flared end of the bell body 5 of a woodwind musical instrument to protect the bell body. That is, this invention may be applied likewise to the ring 7 of the bell body 5. As shown in FIG. 3, the circumferential portion of the flared end of the bell body is formed flat, and a groove 13 is musical in the middle of this flat circumference and another groove 14 is formed in the inside portion, opposite to the groove 13, of the ring 7 to be fitted to the circumference of the bell 5. An adhesive 15 of hot melt type is inserted into at least either one of the grooves, and then heated in the same manner as in the aforesaid embodiment for fixedly adhering the ring 7 and bell body 5 after the ring 7' is fitted around the circumference of the bell 5 with both of the grooves facing each other.

The conventional ring fixing structure in the bell body is, for example, such that a groove is formed along the circumference of the end portion of the bell body, and a protrusion to be fitted into the groove is formed along the inside circumference of the ring, fixing the ring to the bell body by fitting the protrusion of ring into the groove of the bell body.

According to the ring fixing structure of this invention, fixing a ring on the bell body becomes much simpler compared to the prior art fixing structure.

Although it suffices for this case to simply form grooves in the ring and bell body, it is of more practical use if knurling l6 is provided in the bottom of at least one of the grooves 13 and 14 formed in the ring and bell body as shown in H6. 4. (FIG. 4 shows the knurling provided in the groove of the ring 7.) In this case the ring is more firmly adhered to the bell body and the rotation of the ring is prevented more effectively.

This invention may be applied also to other woodwind musical instrumentssuch as an oboe, bassoon, wooden pipe piccolo, etc., in addition to a clarinet.

What is claimed is:

1. A ring fixing structure for a woodwind musical instrument comprising an elongated hollow body having a groove formed around the circumference of the end portion thereof, a ring fitted around the end portion of said elongated hollow body and having a groove formed around the inside portion of said ring, both of said grooves facing each other, and an adhesive of hot melt type inserted and solidified in said grooves so as to securedly fix said ring to said elongated hollow body.

2. The ring fixing structure as claimed in claim 1 wherein knurling is provided in at least either one of said grooves.

3, A ring fixing structure for a woodwind musical instrument comprising a pair of elongated hollow bodies respectively having joint ends and connected together by said joint ends, one of said elongated hollow bodies having a groove formed around the circumference of the joint end thereof, a ring fitted around the joint end of said elongated hollow body and having a groove formed around the inside portion of said ring, both of said grooves facing each other, and an adhesive of hot melt type inserted and solidified in said grooves so as to securedly fix said ring to said elongated hollow body.

4. The ring fixing structure as claimed in claim 3 which further comprises a step portion formed around the joint end of said elongated hollow body, said groove being cut around said step portion.

5. A ring fixing structure for a woodwind musical instrument comprising an elongated hollow body having a flared end, said flared end being grooved therearound, a ring fitted around said flared end and having a groove fonned around the inside portion of said ring, both of said grooves facing each other, and an adhesive of hot melt type inserted and solidified in said grooves so as to securedly fix said ring to said elongated hollow body.

6. A method of fixing a ring around an elongated hollow body of a woodwind musical instrument comprising the steps of forming grooves around the end portion of said elongated hollow body and around the inside portion of said ring, respectively, inserting an adhesive of hot melt type into at least one of said grooves, fitting said ring around the end portion of said elongated hollow body, heating said adhesive into a melted state, and solidifying the melted adhesive thereby to securedly fix said ring to said elongated hollow body.

Claims (6)

1. A ring fixing structure for a woodwind musical instrument comprising an elongated hollow body having a groove formed around the circumference of the end portion thereof, a ring fitted around the end portion of said elongated hollow body and having a groove formed around the inside portion of said ring, both of said grooves facing each other, and an adhesive of hot melt type inserted and solidified in said grooves so as to securedly fix said ring to said elongated hollow body.
2. The ring fixing structure as claimed in claim 1 wherein knurling is provided in at least either one of said grooves.
3. A ring fixing structure for a woodwind musical instrument comprising a pair of elongated hollow bodies respectively having joint ends and connected together by said joint ends, one of said elongated hollow bodies having a groove formed around the circumference of the joint end thereof, a ring fitted around the joint end of said elongated hollow body and having a groove formed around the inside portion of said ring, both of said grooves facing each other, and an adhesive of hot melt type inserted and solidified in said grooves so as to securedly fix said ring to said elongated hollow body.
4. The ring fixing structure as claimed in claim 3 which further comprises a step portion formed around the joint end of said elongated hollow body, said groove being cut around said step portion.
5. A ring fixing structure for a woodwind musical instrument comprising an elongated hollow body having a flared end, said flared end being grooved therearound, a ring fitted around said flared end and having a groove formed around the inside portion of said ring, both of said grooves facing each other, and an adhesive of hot melt type inserted and solidified in said grooves so as to securedly fix said ring to said elongated hollow body.
6. A method of fixing a ring around an elongated hollow body of a woodwind musical instrument comprising the steps of forming grooves around the end portion of said elongated hollow body and around the inside portion of said ring, respectively, inserting an adhesive of hot melt type into at least one of said grooves, fitting said ring around the end portion of said elongated hollow body, heating said adhesive into a melted state, and solidifying the melted adhesive thereby to securedly fix said ring to said elongated hollow body.
US3635117D 1969-10-31 1970-10-28 Ring fixing structure for woodwind musical instrument and method of obtaining the same Expired - Lifetime US3635117A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3748946A (en) * 1972-08-02 1973-07-31 Leblanc Corp Woodwind tenon ring and method
WO2000073042A1 (en) * 1999-05-28 2000-12-07 Textron Automotive Company Inc. Method for applying bsr elastomer
US6664456B2 (en) 2001-04-03 2003-12-16 Philip Momchilovich Harmonic vibration damping device for musical instruments and firearms
US20060196342A1 (en) * 2004-12-16 2006-09-07 Cannonball Musical Instruments Brass instrument
US20080066606A1 (en) * 2004-03-22 2008-03-20 Michel Croquenoy Oboe and Oboe Head
US20080173152A1 (en) * 2005-12-16 2008-07-24 Sheryl Laukat Woodwind instrument
US8304640B1 (en) * 2011-04-04 2012-11-06 Barnfield Gary D Method and apparatus for protecting a musical instrument
US20140116228A1 (en) * 2012-10-25 2014-05-01 Roderick D. Johnston Cymbal edge guard
US20150040738A1 (en) * 2013-08-09 2015-02-12 Yamaha Corporation Wind instrument bell, wind instrument and ring

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1359594A (en) * 1916-10-18 1920-11-23 Western Electric Co Process for joining materials
US2328574A (en) * 1941-10-31 1943-09-07 Walter W Mueller Musical instrument, etc.

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1359594A (en) * 1916-10-18 1920-11-23 Western Electric Co Process for joining materials
US2328574A (en) * 1941-10-31 1943-09-07 Walter W Mueller Musical instrument, etc.

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3748946A (en) * 1972-08-02 1973-07-31 Leblanc Corp Woodwind tenon ring and method
US6776944B2 (en) 1999-05-28 2004-08-17 Textron Automotive Company Inc. Method for applying BSR elastomer
WO2000073042A1 (en) * 1999-05-28 2000-12-07 Textron Automotive Company Inc. Method for applying bsr elastomer
US6664456B2 (en) 2001-04-03 2003-12-16 Philip Momchilovich Harmonic vibration damping device for musical instruments and firearms
US20080066606A1 (en) * 2004-03-22 2008-03-20 Michel Croquenoy Oboe and Oboe Head
US20060196342A1 (en) * 2004-12-16 2006-09-07 Cannonball Musical Instruments Brass instrument
US7335831B2 (en) * 2004-12-16 2008-02-26 Cannonball Musical Instruments Brass instrument
US7563970B2 (en) 2004-12-16 2009-07-21 Cannonball Musical Instruments Woodwind instrument
US20080173152A1 (en) * 2005-12-16 2008-07-24 Sheryl Laukat Woodwind instrument
US8304640B1 (en) * 2011-04-04 2012-11-06 Barnfield Gary D Method and apparatus for protecting a musical instrument
US20140116228A1 (en) * 2012-10-25 2014-05-01 Roderick D. Johnston Cymbal edge guard
US8981195B2 (en) * 2012-10-25 2015-03-17 Roderick D Johnston Cymbal edge guard
US20150040738A1 (en) * 2013-08-09 2015-02-12 Yamaha Corporation Wind instrument bell, wind instrument and ring
US9653051B2 (en) * 2013-08-09 2017-05-16 Yamaha Corporation Wind instrument bell, wind instrument and ring

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