US3630036A - Elongated element to be driven into the ground together with a shoe - Google Patents

Elongated element to be driven into the ground together with a shoe Download PDF

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Publication number
US3630036A
US3630036A US886700A US3630036DA US3630036A US 3630036 A US3630036 A US 3630036A US 886700 A US886700 A US 886700A US 3630036D A US3630036D A US 3630036DA US 3630036 A US3630036 A US 3630036A
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United States
Prior art keywords
supply pipe
pressure medium
supply
valve
ground
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US886700A
Inventor
Abraham Francois Van Weele
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Tot Aanneming Van Werken Voorheen HJ Nederhorst NV
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Tot Aanneming Van Werken Voorheen HJ Nederhorst NV
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Publication date
Priority to NL6818364A priority Critical patent/NL154799B/en
Priority to NL6910827A priority patent/NL154573B/en
Application filed by Tot Aanneming Van Werken Voorheen HJ Nederhorst NV filed Critical Tot Aanneming Van Werken Voorheen HJ Nederhorst NV
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3630036A publication Critical patent/US3630036A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/22Piles
    • E02D5/24Prefabricated piles
    • E02D5/32Prefabricated piles with arrangements for setting or assisting in setting in position by fluid jets
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D7/00Methods or apparatus for placing sheet pile bulkheads, piles, mouldpipes, or other moulds
    • E02D7/18Placing by vibrating
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D7/00Methods or apparatus for placing sheet pile bulkheads, piles, mouldpipes, or other moulds
    • E02D7/24Placing by using fluid jets
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D7/00Methods or apparatus for placing sheet pile bulkheads, piles, mouldpipes, or other moulds
    • E02D7/26Placing by using several means simultaneously

Abstract

An elongated element, such as a foundation pile or a tube for casting a concrete foundation pile in situ, adapted to be driven in the ground, in particular by vibration, together with a shoe, and comprising at least one supply pipe connected with the outer wall of the element, extending in the longitudinal direction of the same, terminating near the lower end of the element, and connectable at its top, through a supply valve, to a source of a pressure medium, in particular water under pressure. Each supply pipe, respectively, is provided at its lower end with means preventing a penetration of earth into the supply pipe substantially completely when the supply valve is closed, but allowing a discharge of the pressure medium from the supply pipe when the supply valve is open.

Description

United States Patent 2.555.359 6/1951 Montague. 2,600,150 6/1952 Abendroth 2,662,603 12/1953 Jones. 175/314 3,166,132 1/1965 Lenahan etal. 175/314 X Primary Examiner- David J. Williamowski Assistant ExaminerDavid H. Corbin [21 Appl. No. [22] Filed Dec. 19, 1969 [45] Patented Dec. 28, 1971 [73] Assignee N.V. tot Aanneming van Wei-ken voorheen i rzg zi gzs Attorney-"Waters, Roditi, Schwartz & Nissen [32] Priorities Dec. 20, 1968 [3 3] Netherlands [31] 6818364;
July 15, 1969, Netherlands, No. 6910827 ABSTRACT: An elongated element. such as a foundation pile 5 ELONGATED ELEMENT o BE DRIVEN 01 a tube for casting a 001161516 foundation in situ, THE GROUND TOGETHER WITH A SHOE adapted to be driven in the ground, in particular by vibration, 3 Claims 3 Drawing Figs together with a shoe. and comprising at least one supply pipe connected with the outer wall ofthe element. extending in the CL longitudinal direction of the same. terminating near the lower end of the element, and connectable at its top, through a supply valve, to a source of a pressure medium, in particular water under pressure. Each supply pipe, respectively, is provided at its lower end with means preventing a penetration of earth into the supply pipe substantially completely when the supply valve is closed, but allowing a discharge of the pressure medium from the supply pipe when the supply valve is open.
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1,831,209 Thornley etal.........,..... 6l/53.74X
ELONGATED ELEMENT TO BE DRIVEN INTO THE GROUND TOGETHER WITH A SHOE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION When an elongated element provided with a shoe, such as a foundation pile or a tube for casting a concrete foundation pile in situ, is driven into the ground, for instance by vibration, the desired depth can often only be reached if a sufficient hydraulic overpressure is present or may be artificially generated.
For the latter purpose, it is known to provide an element of the above-mentioned kind with at least one supply pipe, connected with the outer wall of the element and extending in the longitudinal direction of the same. This supply pipe terminates near the bottom of the element, and is connectable at its top through a supply valve to a source of a pressure medium, in particular water under pressure.
This pressure medium serves to achieve an artificial reduction of the contact pressure of the ground particles underneath the shoe. Furthermore, if the pressure medium is a liquid, such as water, the liquid ascending around the element will carry away the ground particles, whereby space is obtained for the volume occupied by the element. However, since the pressure medium flows away in this case, it must be supplied in large quantities in order to increase the pressure in the ground pores and to reduce the contact pressure of the ground particles to such an extent that the element may be driven further into the ground. In addition, the use of a liquid pressure medium involves a considerable spoilage of the building site by the liquid discharged along the element, and in particular by the deposition of the ground particles carried along with this liquid.
Moreover, with the known elements, it is not possible to interrupt the supply of the pressure medium periodically during the driving process, because the earth would penetrate into the supply pipes during such interruptions, whereby the pipes would be clogged and a further supply of the pressure medium would be rendered impossible. On the other hand, the ground structure is frequently of such a nature that it is not only unnecessary, but even harmful to supply the pressure medium during the entire driving period, because in soft ground layers, and especially in clay and sludge layers, the supply of a liquid pressure medium has the disadvantage that too much ground is carried away, and the ground surrounding the element is heavily disturbed, so that the element is no longer entirely enclosed by the ground.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention has the object to provide an element of the above-mentioned kind whereby the said disadvantages are effectively removed.
According to the invention, each supply pipe, respectively, is provided at its lower end with means preventing a penetration of ground into the supply pipe substantially completely when the supply valve is closed, but allowing a discharge of the pressure medium from the supply pipe when the supply valve is open.
The invention also comprises a method of driving said element into the ground, in particular by vibration.
According to this method, the supply valve is periodically closed during the driving process.
In a preferred embodiment of the method according to the invention, the supply valve is closed at least during the initial period. Since no pressure medium is supplied during the initial period of the driving process, the element is tightly enclosed by the ground, and the diameter of the region in which the ground displaced by the element is incorporated by densification is considerably increased. A leakage of the pressure medium supplied during the remaining portion of the driving process is effectively prevented in this manner, so that the quantity of the pressure medium introduced into the ground is accurately defined, and the required reduction of the contact pressure of the ground particles may be obtained with a minimum consumption of the pressure medium. If the pressure medium is a liquid, the spoilage of the building site is also effectively reduced.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING dicated.
FIG. 3 is a longitudinal section of the lower end of a modification of the supply pipe.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS FIG. 1 shows a portion of a tube 1 which is adapted to be driven into the ground, in particular by vibration, together with a loose shoe 2. The tube 1 serves as a mould for the casting in situ of a concrete foundation pile, and is afterwards removed.
The tube 1 is provided on its outside with a plurality of supply pipes 3 for a pressure medium, in general water under pressure; these supply pipes are spaced at equal distances along the periphery of tube 1. Three supply pipes are shown in the drawings. The supply pipes 3 are attached, for instance by welding, to the outer wall of tube 1. As appears from FIG. I, the lower ends of the supply pipes 3 may be offset to the outside, at their top, the supply pipes 3 are connected, through a supply valve, to a source ofthe pressure medium.
At its lower end, each of the supply pipes 3 carries an outlet nozzle 4, screwed into a nipple 5; the nipple 5 is screwed into the lower end of the supply pipe. The outlet nozzle 4 has an outlet channel 6 with a reduced diameter, whose lower part 7 terminates immediately underneath the loose shoe 2, and is downwardly inclined toward the axis of tube 1.
A back pressure valve 8 is arranged above the outlet nozzle 4. The valve 8 comprises a spring 9 supported by the outlet nozzle 4, and exerting an upward force, through the intermediary of a pressure member 10, on a spherical valve body 11, whereby the latter is pressed against a valve seat 12 provided in the top face of the nipple 5.
When the supply valve at the top of the supply pipe 3 is open, the valve body 11 is lowered by the overpressure of the medium, which may amount to 10 atm., so that the pressure medium is discharged through the outlet nozzle 4. As soon as the supply of the pressure medium is interrupted, the back pressure valve 8 is immediately closed, so that a penetration of earth into the supply pipe is substantially completely prevented.
As appears from FIG. 2, the peripheral edge of the loose shoe 2 is provided with recesses 13 partially enclosing the outlet nozzles 4.
FIG. 3 shows a modification of the supply pipe 3. A sleeve 14, made of a porous material, such as sintered bronze, rests against a shoulder 15 formed in the supply pipe 3, and is retained by a plug 16 screwed into the lower end of the supply pipe. The interior of the sleeve 14 is in open communication with the interior of the supply pipe 3. Outside the sleeve 14, an outlet channel 17 has been formed in the wall of the supply pipe 3. The channel 17 terminates immediately underneath the loose shoe 2, and is downwardly inclined toward the axis of the tube 1.
The porous sleeve 14 passes the pressure medium, but prevents the ground from penetrating into the supply pipe. This embodiment is possible because the force of the discharged jet of the pressure medium does not play any significant part.
The invention makes it possible to interrupt the supply of the pressure medium periodically during the driving process without any danger of a clogging of the supply pipes by the surrounding earth.
Preferably, the supply of the pressure medium is interrupted during the initial stage of the driving process, so that the tube 1 may be tightly enclosed by the ground, and any leakage of the pressure medium during the remaining portion of the driving process is effectively prevented. Thus, the required reduction of the contact pressure of the ground particles is obtained with a minimum consumption of the pressure medium, and a spoilage of the building site with overflowing water is prevented.
Furthermore, the supply of the pressure medium may be stopped immediately before the required depth is reached, so that a sufficient densification of the ground underneath the shoe 2 may be obtained, which is necessary for adequate carrying of the final foundation pile.
The invention is not restricted to the embodiments shown in the drawings, which may be modified in various ways within the scope of the invention. For instance, the invention may also be applied to a prefabricated foundation pile.
What is claimed is:
1. In combination, an elongated foundation pile element having a shoe at the lower end thereof, for casting a concrete foundation pile in situ and adapted to be driven into the ground by vibration; and at least one supply pipe connected to the exterior of said element and being coextensive therewith along its longitudinal length, said supply pipe terminating adjacent the lower end of said element, said supply pipe being connected at its upper end to a source of liquid pressure medium adapted to supply said pressure medium to said supply pipe in an intermittent manner during the driving of said element, a pressure medium outlet nozzle in said supply pipe at the lower end thereof, said nozzle comprising an axial channel and a liquid outlet channel extending obliquely from said axial channel and being directed toward the longitudinal axis of said element and having an outlet orifice terminating immediately adjacent and below said shoe, and means in said supply pipe in the lower region thereof for permitting a discharge of said pressure medium from said supply pipe through said nozzle during periods of supply of liquid pressure medium to said pipe, and preventing penetration of ground particles into said supply pipe upon cessation of liquid pressure medium flow through said pipe.
2. The combination as claimed in claim 1, wherein said lastmentioned means comprises a ball check valve, vale seat means in said supply pipe, and resilient spring means biassing said valve toward said valve seat means into normally valveclosed position, said valve being adapted to open in response to liquid pressure medium flow through said supply pipe, and close upon cessation of pressure medium flow so as to prevent ground particles entering said supply pipe.
3. The combination as claimed in claim 1, wherein said lastmentioned means comprises a sintered bronze, porous sleeve member interposed between the interior of said supply pipe and said outlet channel, said liquid pressure medium being conveyed through said sleeve member toward said channel during periods of pressure medium flow, and preventing entry of ground particles into said supply pipe upon cessation of liquid pressure medium flow through said pipe.

Claims (3)

1. In combination, an elongated foundation pile element having a shoe at the lower end thereof, for casting a concrete foundation pile in situ and adapted to be driven into the ground by vibration; and at least one supply pipe connected to the exterior of said element and being coextensive therewith along its longitudinal length, said supply pipe terminating adjacent the lower end of said element, said supply pipe being connected at its upper end to a source of liquid pressure medium adapted to supply said pressure medium to said supply pipe in an intermittent manner during the driving of said element, a pressure medium outlet nozzle in said supply pipe at the lower end thereof, said nozzle comprising an axial channel and a liquid outlet channel extending obliquely from said axial channel and being directed toward the longitudinal axis of said element and having an outlet orifice terminating immediately adjacent and below said shoe, and means in said supply pipe in the lower region thereof for permitting a discharge of said pressure medium from said supply pipe through said nozzle during periods of supply of liquid pressure medium to said pipe, and preventing penetration of ground particles into said supply pipe upon cessation of liquid pressure medium flow through said pipe.
2. The combination as claimed in claim 1, wherein said last-mentioned means comprises a ball check valve, vale seat means in said supply pipe, and resilient spring means biassing said valve toward said valve seat means into normally valve-closed position, said valve being adapted to open in response to liquid pressure medium flow through said supply pipe, and close upon cessation of pressure medium flow so as to prevent ground particles entering said supply pipe.
3. The combination as claimed in claim 1, wherein said last-mentioneD means comprises a sintered bronze, porous sleeve member interposed between the interior of said supply pipe and said outlet channel, said liquid pressure medium being conveyed through said sleeve member toward said channel during periods of pressure medium flow, and preventing entry of ground particles into said supply pipe upon cessation of liquid pressure medium flow through said pipe.
US886700A 1968-12-20 1969-12-19 Elongated element to be driven into the ground together with a shoe Expired - Lifetime US3630036A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NL6818364A NL154799B (en) 1968-12-20 1968-12-20 ELEMENT, FITTED TO BE ENTERED INTO THE GROUND, PARTICULARLY TO BE VIBRATED INTO THE GROUND.
NL6910827A NL154573B (en) 1969-07-15 1969-07-15 METHOD OF INSERTING, IN PARTICULAR VIBRATION INTO THE GROUND, OF AN ELEMENT, SUCH AS A FOUNDATION POLE, OR A PIPE FOR FORMING A CONCRETE FOUNDATION POLE INTO THE GROUND.

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US3630036A true US3630036A (en) 1971-12-28

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US886700A Expired - Lifetime US3630036A (en) 1968-12-20 1969-12-19 Elongated element to be driven into the ground together with a shoe

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US (1) US3630036A (en)
BE (1) BE742510A (en)
DE (1) DE1963720C3 (en)
ES (1) ES374713A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2026742A1 (en)
GB (1) GB1242959A (en)
MY (1) MY7300403A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4257722A (en) * 1978-04-06 1981-03-24 Toa Harbor Works Co., Ltd. Pile driving method
US4659257A (en) * 1984-10-29 1987-04-21 Funderingstechnieken Verstraeten B.V. Method for making a hole in the ground, and hollow body open at the lower and upper sides and adapted for use in this method
US6561115B2 (en) * 2001-04-02 2003-05-13 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Anchor insertion device
US20110198124A1 (en) * 2010-02-17 2011-08-18 Bijan Danesh Substantially simultaneous core containment, core retrieval and borehole abatement

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6446365B1 (en) 2000-09-15 2002-09-10 Vermeer Manufacturing Company Nozzle mount for soft excavation
US6751893B2 (en) 2000-09-15 2004-06-22 Vermeer Manufacturing Company Nozzle mount for soft excavation
DE10337127B4 (en) * 2003-04-16 2012-03-08 Harald Gollwitzer Gmbh Post for insertion into a subsoil or subsoil

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1831209A (en) * 1927-11-02 1931-11-10 Western Foundation Company Method of and apparatus for making cast-in-place piles
US2555359A (en) * 1947-11-12 1951-06-05 Louis S Wertz Pile structure and method of making same
US2600150A (en) * 1950-11-09 1952-06-10 Standard Oil Dev Co Well screen
US2662603A (en) * 1950-06-02 1953-12-15 Edwin E Jones Well deepening apparatus
US3166132A (en) * 1961-06-22 1965-01-19 Halliburton Co Grouting tool

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1831209A (en) * 1927-11-02 1931-11-10 Western Foundation Company Method of and apparatus for making cast-in-place piles
US2555359A (en) * 1947-11-12 1951-06-05 Louis S Wertz Pile structure and method of making same
US2662603A (en) * 1950-06-02 1953-12-15 Edwin E Jones Well deepening apparatus
US2600150A (en) * 1950-11-09 1952-06-10 Standard Oil Dev Co Well screen
US3166132A (en) * 1961-06-22 1965-01-19 Halliburton Co Grouting tool

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4257722A (en) * 1978-04-06 1981-03-24 Toa Harbor Works Co., Ltd. Pile driving method
US4659257A (en) * 1984-10-29 1987-04-21 Funderingstechnieken Verstraeten B.V. Method for making a hole in the ground, and hollow body open at the lower and upper sides and adapted for use in this method
US6561115B2 (en) * 2001-04-02 2003-05-13 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Anchor insertion device
US20110198124A1 (en) * 2010-02-17 2011-08-18 Bijan Danesh Substantially simultaneous core containment, core retrieval and borehole abatement
US8365839B2 (en) * 2010-02-17 2013-02-05 Bijan Danesh Substantially simultaneous core containment, core retrieval and borehole abatement

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Publication number Publication date
ES374713A1 (en) 1972-04-16
GB1242959A (en) 1971-08-18
FR2026742A1 (en) 1970-09-18
DE1963720B2 (en) 1978-07-13
DE1963720C3 (en) 1979-03-29
BE742510A (en) 1970-05-14
DE1963720A1 (en) 1970-07-16
MY7300403A (en) 1973-12-31

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