US36270A - Improved self-regulating apparatus for feeding steam-boilers - Google Patents

Improved self-regulating apparatus for feeding steam-boilers Download PDF

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US36270A
US36270A US36270DA US36270A US 36270 A US36270 A US 36270A US 36270D A US36270D A US 36270DA US 36270 A US36270 A US 36270A
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lever
valve
vessel
steam
water
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22DPREHEATING, OR ACCUMULATING PREHEATED, FEED-WATER FOR STEAM GENERATION; FEED-WATER SUPPLY FOR STEAM GENERATION; CONTROLLING WATER LEVEL FOR STEAM GENERATION; AUXILIARY DEVICES FOR PROMOTING WATER CIRCULATION WITHIN STEAM BOILERS
    • F22D5/00Controlling water feed or water level; Automatic water feeding or water-level regulators
    • F22D5/04Controlling water feed or water level; Automatic water feeding or water-level regulators with pivoting buckets
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/2931Diverse fluid containing pressure systems
    • Y10T137/2937Gas pressure discharge of liquids feed traps [e.g., to boiler]
    • Y10T137/294Gas pressure controlled by amount of liquids in boiler or discharge receiver
    • Y10T137/2943Pressure connection at liquid level in boiler or discharge receiver

Description

UNITED STATES PATENT @EFI-CE.
GEORGE vv. BLAKE, OE NEW YORK, N. Y.
IMPROVED SELF-REGUKLATING APPARATUS FOR FEEDING STEAM-BOILERS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent N o. 36,270, dated August 26, 1862.
To all whom, it may concern:
' Be it known that I, GEORGE W. BLAKE, of the city, county, and State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Self-Regulating Apparatus for Feeding .Steam-Boilers; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, in which- Figures l and 2 are vertical sectionsof the apparatus taken at right angles to each other. Fig. 3 is a plan of the same. Fig. 4 is a-vertical section of one of the valve-boxes on a larger scale than Figs. 1, 2, and 3.
Similar letters of reference indicate corre sponding parts in the several gures.
This invention consists in an apparatus composed of a close vessel arranged at a suitable distance above the intended level of the water in the boiler and connected by two separate' pipes with the boiler and by a third pipe with an elevated reservoir, from which it may be iilled by gravitation, and having combined with it a novel system of valves and a novel arrangement of levers, weights, an expandingchamber, and a iioat, whereby whenever the waterin the boilergets below a certain desired level the said vessel is caused without manipulation to empty itself into the boiler and be refilled from the reservoir or head, and to repeat such process untilthe water has risen again to the desired level when the operation of the apparatus ceases.
To enable those skilled in the art to make and use my invention, I will proceed to describe its construction and operation.
A is the vessel which receives the Water and from which it is discharged into the boiler.
Bis the feed-pipe by which the said vessel is connected near its bottom with the lower part'of the boiler.
C is a steam-pipe by which it is connected with the boiler at the desired level ofthe water, and D is the water-pipe by which it is connected with the reservoir or supply head.
The pipes C and D are arranged parallel with each other and at the same level, and are respectively furnished, in valveboxes Cf and D', with valves which are connected with or operated by spindles c and d, arranged in line with each other, uthe valve in the box C opening as that in D closes, and vice versa. The valves in the boxes C and D may be of any kind that will close steam and water tight; but I prefer to use in each a puppet-valve, V, applied and operated as shown in Fig. 4,'which is a section of the valve-box C parallel with Fig. l. The stem c of this valve has applied to it a spring, o, to close the valve, and'is furnished with a collar, o2, to be acted upon for the purpose of opening the valveby a cam, W, on the spindle c, which works through a stuffing-box in one side of the box. The cam is so arranged as to Open the valve V by a downward movement, and the cam belonging to the valve in the opposite box is arranged Vto operate on its valve in a manner precisely the reverse.
The pipe Bis furnished with a check-valve,
b, closing toward the vessel A, and the pipeD distance from and above the boiler and the several pipes bent in suoli a manner as to enable proper connections With the boiler and reservoir or supply head to be made.
The valve-spindle c is furnished with a slotf ted arm, c', and the valve-spindle d with a similar arm, d', and these arms are connected with an upright rod, E, by means of Ya pin, e, inserted through the said rod and entering the slots of the said arms. This rod works in a xed guide, f, in'an arch, F, which is secured to and supported by the pipes D and C, and it has a vertical slot, g, in its upper part and a notch, h, at about the middle'of its length,`and has a weight, G, attached to its lower part by a cord, t', running over a pulley, j,whch is supportedin the arch F, said weight exerting a constant tendency to raise the said rod 'and by that means so to act upon the arms c d as toZclose the steam-valve in C and open the water-valve in D; but there is attached to the guide f by a fulcrum-pin, k, a toothed lever, H, whose tooth is capable of entering through a hole, Z, in the guide and into the notch h of the rod E for ithe purpose of locking the said rod in a position shown in Fig. l, in which it keeps thesteam-valve open and the water-Valve closed. The tooth of the said lever is kept in the notch h by the weight ofthe opposite arm of the lever.
I J K L are different part-s of the expandingchamber, "the part I consisting of a close cylinder or tube inserted through one side of and extending nearly across the vessel A, the part J consisting of a basin outside of the said vessel, the part K consisting of a flexible dia phragm covering the basin J, and the part L consisting of a pipe connecting the tube or cylinder I with the basin J. This expandingchamber is lled with water, the escapc'of air` while iilling being provided for by the removal of a screw-plug, m. Above and resting upon the diaphragm K thereis a piston or plunger, K', upon which there bears a loaded lever, M, which works on a fixed fulcrum, in, the said lever passing through a guide-slot in a iixed standard, N,and entering the slot g of the rod E. This lever should be loaded sufciently by a-weight, M', to make it overcome the effect of the weight G. The said lever has attached to it a hook, p,- arranged so that it is caused to catch hold of the lever H and draw thetooth of the latter from the notch h of the rod E by an upward movement of the said lever.
P is a bent lever arranged to work transversely to the lever M upon afulcrum, q, secured in the standard N below the latter lever. This lever P has near its upper end a shoulder, r, to catch under and support the loadedl lever M, and its lower end is situated over a tappet, s, on a rock-shaft, Q, to which is attached, by an arm, t,a iioat, R, situated within the vessel A, the said rock shaft working through a stuffing-box in a chamber, A2, that is provided at one side ot the vessel A for the iloatarm t to work in.
The operation of the apparatus commences Awhenever the level of the water in the boiler is below the upper edge of the mouth of the pipe C at the connection of the said pipe with the boiler. While the water continues above this level and steam is up, the vessel Ais kept filledl by the pressure ofthe steam, the steam-valveV in the box G'being kept open by the pressure of the loaded lever M on the rod, and the Watervalve in the box D being closed; and the oat R is raised; As soon as the water gets below the upper edge of the pipe C and permits t-he entrance of steam into the vessel A the water in the said vessel, being placed in equilibrio,
descends through the tube B into the boiler by gravitation as the said vessel lls with steam, and the lioat R descends so far that the tappet s of its rock-shaft Q is removed from the lever P and the said lever permitted to fall against the side of the lever M, as shown in Fig. 2. The steam, having filled the vessel A,
` quickly increases the heat of the water in the the valves' remain undisturbed, the lever M working in the slot g of the rod until the lever H is caused by the lifting action of the hook p torunlock the rod E, after which the said rod is quickly moved upwardby the weight G, and
caused by its action on the arms c d of the valve-spindles to reverse the position of the valves-viz., to open the water-valve in the box D and to permit the steam-valve in the box C to close.y When the valves have been thus reversed, the filling of the vessel A with of water, when, by the rise o f the iioat, the
toe s is caused to raise the lower end of the lever P, and so throw aside -its upper end from the lever M, and the latter lever, being then unsupported, drops suddenly and carries down with it the rod E, which by its action on the arms c d opens the steam-valve in the box C and permits the closing of the water-valve in the box D. If the level of the water in the boiler is still below the upper edge of the mouth of the steam-pipe G, the steam enters thc vessel A by the said pipe, and the abovedescribed operation of the apparatus is repeated until the level of the water is above that point, when4 on the vessel A having been lled in the manner described the apparatus comes to rest until the level lbecomes low enough toperrnittheentrauce of steam through the pipe C. a
In the above-described operation the' valves are moved quickly, and are caused to remain in either of their two positions long enough to fill or discharge the vessel A, Vbeing secured in the position for iilling by the combined action of the weightG and stop-lever P, and in the position for discharging by the combined action of the weight G and lever H.
IV have described the expandingchamber I J K as beinglled with water or with any other suitable fluid; but instead of being constructed as described it may consist of a pipe connected with the vessel A in such manner y their equivalents, the whole arranged and applied in combination with each other, and the 'valvespindles c al, and With the vessel A, to operated simultaneously by a Weight acting operate substantially as herein specified. vertically, substantially as and for the purpose 2. The arrangement of the steam and water herein described. c pipes C and D and their Valves and. valve- GEO. W. BLAKE. spindles c d in such manner that the two Valve- Witnesses: A spindles Will occupy the saine horizontal line, JAMES LAIRD, and thereby provide for the two valves being R. GAWLEY.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100184916A1 (en) * 2009-01-22 2010-07-22 Nan Ya Plastics Corporation Antimony-free pet resin and pet polyester fiber made therefrom

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100184916A1 (en) * 2009-01-22 2010-07-22 Nan Ya Plastics Corporation Antimony-free pet resin and pet polyester fiber made therefrom

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