US3619558A - Antifreeze boiler circuit - Google Patents

Antifreeze boiler circuit Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3619558A
US3619558A US3619558DA US3619558A US 3619558 A US3619558 A US 3619558A US 3619558D A US3619558D A US 3619558DA US 3619558 A US3619558 A US 3619558A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
boiler
water
heating
freezing
responsive
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Leo Block
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Raypak Inc
Original Assignee
Raypak Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Raypak Inc filed Critical Raypak Inc
Priority to US2564670A priority Critical
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3619558A publication Critical patent/US3619558A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B37/00Component parts or details of steam boilers
    • F22B37/02Component parts or details of steam boilers applicable to more than one kind or type of steam boiler
    • F22B37/42Applications, arrangements, or dispositions of alarm or automatic safety devices

Abstract

The invention is a system comprising an electric heating element installed in a boiler header and control circuitry therefor so as to protect a nonfunctioning boiler from damage caused by freezing of water therein if the boiler pump becomes inoperative and the ambient temperature drops below the freezing point.

Description

United States Patent Leo Block Temple City, Calif. 25,646

Apr. 6, 1970 Nov. 9, 1971 Rlypak Inc.

Inventor Appl. No. Filed Patented Assignee ANTIFREEZE BOILER CIRCUIT 4 Claims, 2 Drawing Figs.

U.S. Cl 219/280, 122/504, 122/504.2, 219/208, 219/279, 219/309 Int. Cl F221) 37/42 Field 01 Search 219/208,

[5 6] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,515,954 11/1924 Kline 219/279 1,555,338 9/1925 Vaughan 219/332X 3,441,711 4/1969 Hirschowitz 219/20sx Primary ExaminerRalph F. Staubly AttorneyHerzig & Walsh 4 6 f 36 4/ 4 9 I y 1 /207 Z/M/T Msemfmr 52 :M/zn

MAi/A/ 645 V44 VE ANTIFREEZE BOILER CIRCUIT SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention relates to a system for prevention of freezing in a nonfunctioning or nonoperating boiler.

A boiler is the component in which water is heated and which consists generally of metal shells, headers and tubes that form the container for the steam and/or water under pressure. Boilers are generally placed in a boiler room which is in an isolated area in the building away from other activity but where adequate air is provided for combustion. within the boiler and also for ventilation.

Large boilers require large openings or ducts between the boiler room and the outside of the building for the purposes of ventilation. In the event that the boiler ceases operation and there is no other source of heat, the ambient boiler room tem perature will approach the outside air temperature which during certain times of the year may be below the freezing point of water. Since water expands upon freezing, damage to the boiler from freezing of the water therein can result in the form of burst tubes and headers.

In order to maintain water flow through the system, a pump is utilized. As long as the pump is operative and water is circulating through the system, there is little probability of freeze damage to the boiler. This is true even though it is known to be possible to freeze water in motion. When the pump is operative the water is actually heated by the work energy trans ferred from the pump and motor to the water. Therefore, the return water to the boiler will be at a relatively high temperature for an extended period of time.

However, it is evident that a dangerous condition may exist if there is no water flow through the boiler and the boiler room temperature is below the freen'ng point of water. In this event, there is no heat transfer from an operative pump to the water so as to heat the water and maintain it above freezing and thereby prevent damage to the boiler system in any manner.

To protect against the above two conditions, the present invention involves the addition of one or more electric heating elements to the header of the boiler to maintain the boiler water at a temperature above freezing. The heating element is energized when first, a flow switch indicates no flow of water through the boiler, and second, a boiler room thennostat indicates an ambient temperature below, for example, 35 F. Thus, in the event that for any reason the pump ceases to operate and it is during the time of year when temperatures are low, the heating element is energized to prevent the freezing of the water within the boiler.

Furthermore, an alarm circuit is utilized to indicate the undesirable condition. The alarm system can contain both audible and visual devices whereby the audible device can be manually turned off, but the visual device will stay on until the casualty condition is corrected.

In light of the foregoing the primary object of the invention is to provide improvements to prevent freeze damage to a boiler comprising a heating element and a control circuit for energizing the heater.

Another object of the invention is to provide heater control circuit as in the foregoing object responsive to absence of flow through the boiler.

Still another object is to provide a boiler heater control circuit as in the foregoing which is responsive to the ambient temperature of the boiler room.

Still another object is to provide a boiler heater control circuit as in the foregoing having an alarm arrangement indicating a dangerous condition.

Further objects and additional advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description and the annexed drawings, wherein:

FIG. I is a schematic circuit diagram of the system of the invention illustrating the principal components thereof; and

FIG. 2 is a view of the immersion heater mounted in a boiler header wall.

Referring now to the drawings, in FIG. I, immersion heating element 10 is preferably positioned in the return header of the boiler. The immersion heater is energized by power supply leads l7 and 18 through relay switch 12 which is in between power supply leads l6 and 17. Switch 12 is controlled by relay winding 20 which is energizable in a manner which will be explained below.

There may be a many heating elements as needed. For purposes of this description, however, one heating element will be shown.

In FIG. 2, heating element 10 is shown mounted in a typical boiler header wall 28. The element is attached to the wall by means of screw threads 27. Cable 22 contains leads l7 and 18 and is a part of connector 24. Immersion heating element 10 is of a typical heater construction but may have a built-in high limit to prevent excessive heating of the water in the boiler. Further it is feasible for this heating element to have a lowlimit switch to prevent heating of the boiler water until it drOps to a predetermined temperature. By use of the heating element with a built-in high-limit switch or a low-limit switch, it is possible to insure heating of the boiler water only when it is necessary.

Heating element 10 may also be made of a special resistance heating wire that has a rapid increase in resistance corresponding to an increase in temperature. A heating element of this type would automatically reduce its current flow requirement as the boiler water increases in temperature and this would result in more economical operation compared to a standard heating element.

Turning now to a description of a normally operating boiler condition in which a gas burner, for example, is heating the flowing water, supply leads 32 and 34 provide voltage to step down transformer 36, the output of which is represented by leads 38 and 40. Flow switch 42 indicates the passage of water through the return header of the boiler and is a conventional single pole, double throw switch in which contact 37 normally engages contact 39 thereby connecting lead 38 to lead 44 to represent the normal operating condition of the boiler. As long as pilot safety switch 46, limit switch 48, and thermostat switch 50 are closed, voltage is provided to the operating coil 51 to control gas valve 52 to operate the boiler.

In the event that there is no waterflow in the return header of the boiler, the flow switch 42 will be switched to its other position and contact 37 will engage contact 41 thereby connecting supply lead 38 to the lead 49. Due to the switching of flow switch 42 as a result of there being no waterflow through the return header of the boiler, the solenoid 51 is deenergized resulting in closing the main gas valve, thereby turning the gas burner off. Under these conditions the ambient boiler room temperature may approach the outside air temperature which may be at or near the freezing point of the water. The ambient boiler room temperature is sensed by thermostat switch 53 which may be designed to close at a temperature close to 32 F. and typically is set to close in a range between 35 F. and 40 F. In this event, when there is no waterflow through the return header of the boiler, flow switch 42 is in the no-flow condition and the ambient boiler room temperature has dropped below a danger point, the thermostat switch 53 closes thereby completing the circuit to relay 20 through leads 54 and 40 causing switch 12 to close, which in turn energizes immersion heating element 10, thereby heating the water in the boiler and preventing freezing.

Thermostat switch 53 can be incorporated with heating element 10 in a manner previously described. In this instance, the thermostat 53 would be responsive to the temperature of the water rather than the ambient temperature of the boiler room. Otherwise, operation would be as described below.

Simultaneously with the energization of the heating element, an alarm device 66 is energized through leads 64 and 68. Alarm 66 may be positioned in the boiler room or at a position remote to the boiler room to indicate that the immersion heating element 10 has been energized thereby commu nicating that the waterflow through the boiler is nonexistent and that the boiler room temperature has reached a dangerous low level.

When the immersion heating element has been energized due to the closing of switch 12 which is controlled by the energization of relay 20, voltage is supplied to audible device 72 through leads 64, 65, 70, and 68 and to indicating light 60 through leads 58 and 62. Audible device 72 may typically be a loudspeaker, a horn, a hell or other attention-obtaining device. When it has been detennined that the immersion heating element 10 is energized so as to avoid a water freezing condition and it is desired to shut off the audible device 72, an alarm-silencing relay 73 is energized by the manual operation of silencing switch 76. Relay coil 74 is thus energized through leads 64, 69 and 71 and thereby causes contacts 75 and 79 to be disconnected so as to deenergize the audible device. With the switching of relay 73 to its other position, the relay coil 74 is held in an energized condition through contacts 75 and 77 by leads 64, 73 and 68. Switch 76 can immediately be released without alarm 72 being reenergized.

After immersion heating element 10 has heated the boiler water to a sufiicient level and deenergizes itself or when the boiler has been turned on or the boiler room temperature has been increased, relay 74 is deenergized and resets the audible device 72 so that in the event that the immersion heating element 10 is energized at a subsequent time, the audible alarm will also be energized. Concurrently with the energization of relay 20, indicating light 60 is energized through leads 56, 58, 62, and 40. Thus, there is a visual indication that the immersion heater has been energized. Light 60 is only turned off when the heating element is otT.

From the foregoing, those skilled in the art will readily observe and understand the nature and construction of the invention and the manner in which it achieves and realizes all of the objects and advantages set forth in the foregoing as well as the many additional advantages that are apparent from the detailed description.

The term boiler" as used herein is intended to mean any type of appliance in which water is heated and which is subject to possible freezing.

The foregoing disclosure is representative of a preferred form of the invention and is to be interpreted in an illustrative rather than a limiting sense, the invention to be accorded the full scope of the claims appended hereto.

What is claimed is:

1. A freeze damage prevention system comprising a fluidcirculating boiler for heating water and similar fluids, a heating element positioned to heat the boiler water when the boiler is not operating to prevent freezing of the water, and means responsive to absence of fluid flow as indicative of nonoperativeness of the boiler and a near-freezing temperature of the fluid for energizing said heating element.

2. A system as in claim 1, further including an alarm circuit means whereby to indicate danger of freezing.

3. A circuit as in claim 2 including means for manually silencing the alarm.

4. A freeze damage prevention system comprising a fluid circulating boiler for heating water, a heating element positioned to heat the boiler water when the boiler is not operating to prevent freezing of the water, temperature-responsive means indicative of a near-freezing temperature to energize the element when danger of freezing occurs, flow-responsive means, an alarm circuit whereby to indicate danger of freezing, a relay energizable by said temperative-responsive means and flow-responsive means controlling the alarm circuit and having a holding circuit and means for manually silencing the alarm by interrupting the holding circuit.

Claims (4)

1. A freeze damage prevention system comprising a fluidcirculating boiler for heating water and similar fluids, a heating element positioned to heat the boiler water when the boiler is not operating to prevent freezing of the water, and means responsive to absence of fluid flow as indicative of nonoperativeness of the boiler and a near-freezing temperature of the fluid for energizing said heating element.
2. A system as in claim 1, further including an alarm circuit means whereby to indicate danger of fReezing.
3. A circuit as in claim 2 including means for manually silencing the alarm.
4. A freeze damage prevention system comprising a fluid circulating boiler for heating water, a heating element positioned to heat the boiler water when the boiler is not operating to prevent freezing of the water, temperature-responsive means indicative of a near-freezing temperature to energize the element when danger of freezing occurs, flow-responsive means, an alarm circuit whereby to indicate danger of freezing, a relay energizable by said temperative-responsive means and flow-responsive means controlling the alarm circuit and having a holding circuit and means for manually silencing the alarm by interrupting the holding circuit.
US3619558D 1970-04-06 1970-04-06 Antifreeze boiler circuit Expired - Lifetime US3619558A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2564670A true 1970-04-06 1970-04-06

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3619558A true US3619558A (en) 1971-11-09

Family

ID=21827267

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3619558D Expired - Lifetime US3619558A (en) 1970-04-06 1970-04-06 Antifreeze boiler circuit

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US3619558A (en)
CA (1) CA937966A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4135079A (en) * 1977-07-18 1979-01-16 Mcgraw Veral L Tank heater alarm
US8739542B1 (en) * 2009-06-23 2014-06-03 Appel Engineering Group, Llc Closed vapor system
DE102016111637A1 (en) * 2016-06-24 2017-12-28 Erk Eckrohrkessel Gmbh Water tube boiler plant for heating a medium, method for producing a heated medium and method for generating electrical energy

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1515954A (en) * 1923-02-14 1924-11-18 Charles R Kline Combination electric and coal boiler
US1555338A (en) * 1923-08-18 1925-09-29 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Water-heater system
US3441711A (en) * 1966-04-11 1969-04-29 Abram S Hirschowitz Electric heater plug for water systems

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1515954A (en) * 1923-02-14 1924-11-18 Charles R Kline Combination electric and coal boiler
US1555338A (en) * 1923-08-18 1925-09-29 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Water-heater system
US3441711A (en) * 1966-04-11 1969-04-29 Abram S Hirschowitz Electric heater plug for water systems

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4135079A (en) * 1977-07-18 1979-01-16 Mcgraw Veral L Tank heater alarm
US8739542B1 (en) * 2009-06-23 2014-06-03 Appel Engineering Group, Llc Closed vapor system
DE102016111637A1 (en) * 2016-06-24 2017-12-28 Erk Eckrohrkessel Gmbh Water tube boiler plant for heating a medium, method for producing a heated medium and method for generating electrical energy

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CA937966A1 (en)
CA937966A (en) 1973-12-04

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6342841B1 (en) Influent blockage detection system
AU667746B2 (en) Electronic temperature controller for water heaters
US4220010A (en) Loss of refrigerant and/or high discharge temperature protection for heat pumps
CN100589670C (en) Water heater and method of operating the same
US4502625A (en) Furnace control apparatus having a circulator failure detection circuit for a downflow furnace
US4730637A (en) Fluid loss, damage prevention and control system
KR100235541B1 (en) Receptacle unit and extension cord
EP0033781B1 (en) Compressor fault detection and control system for a heat pump
CA2272955C (en) Improved electric water heater with electronic control
US6857578B2 (en) Combination water heating and space heating apparatus and control therefor
US4786782A (en) Electric instantaneous water heater with enhanced temperature control
US4705060A (en) Detecting leaks in plumbing systems
EP0082669A2 (en) Control for building heating system
US4232530A (en) Heat pump system compressor start fault detector
US20060191323A1 (en) Automated system for detection and control of water leaks, gas leaks, and other building problems
AU719740B2 (en) Microprocessor control for a heat pump water heater
US2700505A (en) House heating unit and automatic control therefor
US4262736A (en) Apparatus for heat pump malfunction detection
US6766835B1 (en) Tank monitor system
US3922876A (en) Energy conservation unit
US1913433A (en) Defroster
US3237608A (en) Apparatus for heating at least two vessels by a single source of heat
KR100487827B1 (en) Crankcase Heater Control
US7380523B2 (en) Control for a fuel-fired water heating appliance having variable heating rates
US8867906B2 (en) Dry fire protection system