US3611666A - Sheet metal box beam - Google Patents

Sheet metal box beam Download PDF

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US3611666A
US3611666A US3611666DA US3611666A US 3611666 A US3611666 A US 3611666A US 3611666D A US3611666D A US 3611666DA US 3611666 A US3611666 A US 3611666A
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flange
lip
web
members
flanges
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Edward J Poyser
Calvin R Clauer
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REPUBLIC STORAGE SYSTEMS COMPANY Inc
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Republic Steel Corp
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Assigned to REPUBLIC STORAGE SYSTEMS COMPANY, A CORP. OF DE. reassignment REPUBLIC STORAGE SYSTEMS COMPANY, A CORP. OF DE. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: LTV STEEL COMPANY, INC.
Assigned to LTV STEEL COMPANY, INC reassignment LTV STEEL COMPANY, INC MERGER (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). EFFECTIVE 12-19-84 Assignors: JONES & LAUGHLIN STEEL INCORPORATED INTO REPUBLIC STEEL COMPANY, CHANGED ITS NAME TO
Assigned to REPUBLIC STEEL CORPORATION, A CORP. OF NJ reassignment REPUBLIC STEEL CORPORATION, A CORP. OF NJ MERGER (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). EFFECTIVE 12/09/84 - NEW JERSEY - TO CORRECT CERTIFICATE RECORDED JAN. 24, 1986 REEL 4505 FRAME 166 Assignors: JONES & LAUGHLIN STEEL INCORPORATED - A DEL. CORP. INTO REPUBLIC STEEL CORPORATION A CORP. OF NJ
Assigned to J. W. STORAGE COMPANY OF OHIO reassignment J. W. STORAGE COMPANY OF OHIO CHANGE OF NAME (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). 6/16/86 Assignors: REPUBLIC STORAGE SYSTEM COMPANY
Assigned to REPUBLIC STORAGE SYSTEMS COMPANY, INC. reassignment REPUBLIC STORAGE SYSTEMS COMPANY, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: J. W. STORAGE COMPANY OF OHIO
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C3/06Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal with substantially solid, i.e. unapertured, web
    • E04C3/07Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal with substantially solid, i.e. unapertured, web at least partly of bent or otherwise deformed strip- or sheet-like material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B47/00Cabinets, racks or shelf units, characterised by features related to dismountability or building-up from elements
    • A47B47/02Cabinets, racks or shelf units, characterised by features related to dismountability or building-up from elements made of metal only
    • A47B47/021Racks or shelf units
    • A47B47/027Racks or shelf units with frames only
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C2003/0404Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects
    • E04C2003/0408Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by assembly or the cross-section
    • E04C2003/0413Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by assembly or the cross-section being built up from several parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C2003/0404Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects
    • E04C2003/0426Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by material distribution in cross section
    • E04C2003/043Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by material distribution in cross section the hollow cross-section comprising at least one enclosed cavity
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C2003/0404Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects
    • E04C2003/0443Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by substantial shape of the cross-section
    • E04C2003/046L- or T-shaped

Abstract

A BEAM CONSTRUCTION COMPRISED OF A PAIR OF SHEET METAL COMPONENTS EACH HAVING A LOAD SUPPORTING FLANGE. FLANGES OF THE LIPPED CHANNEL COMPONENTS ARE NESTED TOGETHER AND MECHANICALLY INTERLOCKED SO THAT PORTIONS OF THE BEAM ASSEMBLY SUBJECTED TO COMPRESIVE STRESSES ARE REINFORCED, YET SECTIONAL THICKNESSES ARE MINIMIZED IN OTHER PORTIONS OF THE BEAM. THE TWO MEMBERS FORMING THE BEAM MECHANICALLY INTERLOCK IN A MANNER WHICH PERMITS SIMPLE ASSEMBLY. WELDING OF THE COMPONENTS IS NOT NECCESSARY TO DEVELOP THE STRENGTH OF THE BEAM.

Description

Oct. 12, 1971 1, POYSER EI'AL L666 SHEET METAL BOX BEAM Original Filed July 2, 1968 [NV NTORS EDWARD J. EOYSER BY CALVIN R. CLAUER United States Patent 3,611,666 SHEET METAL BOX BEAM Edward J. Poyser, Canton, and Calvin R. Clauer, Youngstown, Ohio, assignors to Republic Steel Corporation, Cleveland, Ohio Continuation of application Ser. No. 742,046, July 2, 1968. This application Mar. 10, 1970, Ser. No. 17,044

Int. Cl. E04c 3/07 US. Cl. 52731 17 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE CROSS-REFERENCED APPLICATIONS This is a continuation of US. patent application Ser. No. 742,046, filed July 2, 1968, entitled, Beam Construction and Method of Assembling, now abandoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION (1) Field of the invention The present invention relates to beam constructions and more particularly relates to sheet metal beam constructions usable in connection with pallet racks or the like.

The use of cold formed sheet metal beams in installations such as the longitudinal load supporting beams in pallet racks is desirable for a number of reasons. While it is desirable to use cold formed beams in this application, prior beams have had shortcomings. Typically the beams used horizontally have been constructed of two simple channel components welded together, particularly along the compression flanges, in order to develop the strength of the beam.

Producing such beams by methods other than cold forming e.g. by extrusion, can provide different sectional thicknesses in various portions of a beam, but the metal in such beams does not possess the strength per unit weight of cold formed sheet metal. Furthermore fabrication of these beams may be relatively costly in that special extrusion dies are required for each beam size.

In pallet rack applications, heavy horizontal beam weights reduce the load supporting capability of the rack since (1) there is a limit to the load supporting capabilities of the vertical posts in a rack upright, and (2) heavy beams increase the floor loading caused by pallet racks themselves. Thus the loads which can be safely supported on the racks in a given building Without exceeding maximum permissible floor loadings, is reduced.

In pallet racks it is common to provide a dunnage supporting ledge intermediate the top and bottom flanges so that a supported pallet or other load is located in a horizontal plane by the portion of the beam above the ledge. The result is the upper flange is of reduced area and therefore of reduced strength in that portion of the beam which experiences maximum compressive loadings. Thus the problems of proper material distribution in a beam is amplified by a particular beam configuration such as the described ledge.

(2) The prior art The prior art has attempted to solve the aforementioned problems by producing tubular beams constructed of more than one sheet metal member. Such a beam construction is disclosed in the patent to Mosinski, US. Pat. No. 3,127,- 995, issued Apr. 7, 1964. This patent discloses a two piece tubular pallet rack beam in which. a pair of sheet metal members are assembled to provide double thickness upper and lower flanges. The beam members are welded together along the flanges to produce a unitary beam construction.

The beam disclosed in the Mosinski patent is relatively strong because of the fact that the upper flange of the beam is composed of the double thickness of sheet steel. The vertically extending sides of the beam are comprised of only a single thickness of material. The lower flange of this beam is formed of a double thickness of the material resulting in excessive weight and strength in that portion of the beam. Moreover, the extra thickness in the lower flange results in excessive cost.

The prior art has also attempted to increase the strength of multi-part tubular beam constructions by providing stiflening bends and lips. stiffening lips increase the strength of beams having relatively small sectional thicknesses. In many instances stiffening bends and lips have necessitated assembling the beam members by telescoping one beam member within the other and then attaching the members together. Such assembly methods are ineflicient.

In some proposals assembled beams were subjected to cold forming operations to insure maintaining the beam members firmly attached to each other. In other proposals the assembled beam members were welded at a number of locations or continuously along load supporting flanges after assembly. In still another proposal beam members were individually cold worked and then simultaneously cold worked into an assembled beam. This method required complex and expensive production equipment and in certain instances produced beams having weights which were excessive in relation to their load carrying capacity.

As noted previously these prior art beams have not been satisfactory from a load-weight aspect, and the production costs involved in their construction has been undesirably high due to inconveniences in assembling them and the sometimes extensive manufacturing operations involved.

Furthermore, some prior art proposals have provided composite beams in which the neutral axes of the components of the beams were spaced vertically from each other. These constructions have resulted in ineflicient twisting because the beam components tended to be stressed unevenl under load.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides an improved beam. construction of the tubular or box type having a relatively heavy, concentration of metal in the compression flanges and relatively light concentration of metal in the tension portion of the beam. Thus, a beam having maximum strength for a given beam weight is provided.

A beam assembly constructed in accordance with the invention includes stiflening bends and lips. These bends and lips are so arranged that the compression flanges are fully effective and efficient assembly of the beam parts is facilitated. Moreover the bends and lips tend to maintain the beam assembled and provide a relatively regular unbroken exterior appearance.

Flanges of the beam members are nested together to form the load supporting flange construction and cooperate to provide a mechanical interlock between the member flanges such that only tack welds along the tension flanges rather than structural welds are used to maintain the members in an assembled condition. Further, because of the stifiened lips on the compression flanges, these flanges need not be welded together.

A beam constructed in accordance with the invention is quickly and easily assembled by placing a flange of one member within a flange of the other beam member and rotating the beam members together. The member flanges are securely locked together and nested by rotating the members together. The assembly is constructed such that the two members will stay together without locking. To assure against non-uniform appearance, and against partial separation of the members due to bowing, they are tack welded along the tension or lower flange.

Where a beam constructed in accordance with the present invention is used in a pallet rack, clips are welded to ends of the beams. These clips are suflicient to maintain the beam in assembled form without the provision of tack welding.

Since the interlocking constructions involve the use of stiffening bends and lips on the compression flanges, the load carrying capacity of the beam is increased. Even though the nested flanges of the beam member are locked together, localized overstressing of the material of the nested flanges is avoided because the interlocking structure does not restrain slight movements of one flange relative to the other under load.

The lower flange of the beam construction is defined substantially entirely by one of the beam members and is therefore of minimum section thickness and weight. The location at which the beam members are welded together is preferably in the vicinity of the bottom flange at a location where a lip on one member overlies the bottom flange of the other member.

The assembly of the beam is quickly and easily effected with minimum production costs. As noted, the exterior of the beam is regular and clean in appearance. That is, the exterior surface extends substantially unbroken about the beam and the beam is devoid of projections, ridges ect.

A principal object of the present invention is the provision of a new and improved beam of the character referred to having a relatively large load supporting strength and light weight and which is simply and economically constructed.

Other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from a consideration of the following detailed description made with reference to the accompanying drawings which form a part of the specification.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a pallet rack employing beams constructed in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view as seen from the plane indicated by 2-2 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of components of the beam of FIG. 2 prior to assembly; and

FIGS. 4, 5 and 6 are cross-sectional views of the beam components at different conditions during assembly.

DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT A pallet rack 10 is illustrated in FIG. 1. The pallet rack 10 includes vertical supports 11-14. The verticals 11, 12 are spaced rigidly apart by laterals 15 and the verticals 13, 14 are spaced apart by laterals 16. Load supporting beams B extend between the verticals 11, 13, and 12, 14, respectively. The beams B are disposed in pairs at vertically spaced locations on the supports with each pair of the beams B having load engaging surfaces lying in a common horizontal plane for the reception of pallets (not shown).

The verticals 11-14 are defined by channel-like sheet metal members. The laterals 15, 16 are received between the flanges. The closed side, or web, of each vertical has a plurality of openings 20 at vertically spaced locations. The openings 20 provide supporting surfaces which are engaged by clips 21 attached to ends of the beams B. The clips 21 preferably include fingers which extend into the openings 20 so that the beams B are removably secured to the verticals. This construction permits the eleva- 4 tion of each pair of the beams B to be adjusted. The construction of the verticals 11-14, laterals 15, 16 and the clips 21 is a conventional welded assembly and may be the same as that disclosed in the noted patent to Mosinski.

The beam construction B is illustrated in cross-section in FIG. 2. The beam B is a generally tubular member having a top flange construction F1, a bottom flange construction F2, and webs or side walls W1, W2. In the illustrated embodiment the web W1 lies in a generally vertically extending plane while the web W2 includes laterally spaced wall portions 25, 26 defining a horizontal shoulder or ledge 27 between them. A pallet or dunnage can be supported on the shoulders 27 of a pair of the beams B, or upon the top flange construction F1. In some instances the shoulder 27 may be omitted so that the beam B defines a substantially rectangular tube.

The beam B is a two part assembly including the beam members 30, 31 (see FIG. 3). The beam member 30 includes the web W1, a top flange 32 at the vertically upper side of the web W1, and a web stiffening lip 33 disposed along the vertically lower side of the web W1. The top flange 32 includes a horizontally extending flange part 34 and generally vertically extending flange stiffening lip 36. A web portion 35 extends along the side of the flange part 34 opposite the stiffening lip 36 functioning as another stiffening lip to strengthen the flange part 34. The web portion 35 is offset from the vertical plane of the web W1 by an offset 38. The flange stiffening lip 36 is disposed at a relatively large acute angle with respect to the plane of the flange portion 34 and connected to it by a bend 40.

The web lip 33 at the vertically lower side of the web W1 is bent out of the plane of the web W1 along a bend 45 and extends horizontally a relatively short distance along the lower flange construction F2.

The beam member 31 includes the majority of the bottom flange F2, the web W2 and a top flange 50. The top flange 50 has a horizontally disposed flange portion 5.1 which is disposed at right angles to the web portion 25 and connected to it by a longitudinally extending bend 52. The opposite lateral side of the flange 51 defines a flange stiffening lip 53 which is bent at right angles to the top flange portion 51 and connected to it by a bend 54.

The portion of the lower flange F2 defined by the beam member 31, includes a generally horizontally extending flange portion 60 connected to the wall portion 26 by a bend 61. The flange portion 60 includes an offset part 62 which extends horziontally parallel to the flange portion 60 and is spaced from the flange portion 60 by an offset 63. A longitudinally extending flange stiffening lip 64 is connected to the offset portion 62 by a longitudinally extending bend 65.

Referring again to FIG. 2 the flanges 50, 32 of the beam members 31, 30 respectively, are nested together so that when the beam B is assembled these flanges are tightly interlocked and from the beam flange F1. The interlocking relationship between the flanges is due to the fact that the external dimension D1 across the flange 32 from the flange lip 35 to the bend 40 is the same or slightly larger than the internal dimension D2 from the flange lip 53 to the wall 25. Thus the bends 40, 52 of the beam members 31, 30 are tightly engaged at one side of the flange construction F1 and the flange lips 35, 53 which are engaged at the opposite side. The interlocking cooperation between the flanges additionally causes slight compression of the flange portion 34 assuring tight engagement with the portion 51.

ASSEMBLY OF THE BEAM FIGS. 4-6 illustrate assembly of the beam B. The beam member 31 is oriented with the flange 50 disposed along the lower side of the member 31. The beam member 30 is cocked relative to the beam member 31 so that the planes of the webs W1, W2 define an acute angle. The flange 32 of the beam member 30 is then inserted into the flange 50 of the member 31 along the entire length of the beam members.

When the members 30, 31 are initially engaged, as illustrated in FIG. 4, edge 70 of the flange lip 53 engages the offset 38 and the bend 40 engages the wall 25. The beam member 30 is then rotated about the edge 70 toward the member 31. As the member 30 is rotated it is fulcrumed about the engagement between the edge 70 and offset 38. The bend 40 provides a bearing surface which moves along the wall 25.

As the beam member 30 continues to be rotated and urged toward the flange 50 the pressure engagement between the bend 40 and wall 25 increases. This causes resilient deflection of the flange lip 53 and of the flange portion 34 as illustrated in FIG. 5. As the planes of the webs W1, W2 approach a parallel relationship the flange lip 53 resiliently returns toward its relaxed positions. It should be noted that because of the dimensions D1, D2 the flange lip 53 cannot completely relax when assembly of the beam B is complete. When the beam members are in their FIG. 6 position the flange lips 35, 53 and the bends 40, 52 are resiliently engaged tending to compress the flange portion 34 and to expand the flange portion 51. As a result the flange 32 is firmly locked in a nested position within the flange 50.

In effect, the flanges of the members snap over center during assembly because the compression of the flange 32 and tension in the flange 50 are greater when the beam members 30, 31 are in their FIG. condition than when these members are in their FIG. 6 condition. Thus the nested flanges tend to resiliently maintain the beam members assembled as illustrated in FIG. 6 without any additional structure for completing the assembly.

In the assembled beam the edge 70 of the flange lip 53 is disposed closely adjacent the offset 38 on the member 30 with the flange lip 53 disposed in the plane of the web W1. The web lip 33, overlaps the offset portion 62 and the bend 65 bears against the bend 45. The web lip 33 lies in the plane of and forms a part of the flange F2. Thus, the assembled beam construction presents a smooth overall exterior surface.

In the preferred embodiment the web lip 33 and the offset 63 are secured together by a weld either in the form of tack welds or a fillet weld 72. The formation of the weld 72 constitutes the final step in the assembly of the beam B. Where the beam is to be used in a pallet rack, the weld 72 can be omitted. The clips 21 are welded to the ends of the beam in the usual fashion and these welds along with the mechanical interlock of the upper flanges of the beam members maintain the beam in its assembled form.

Although a preferred embodiment of the invention has been described with a certain degree of particularly, it is understood that the present disclosure of the preferred form has been made only by way of example, and that numerous changes in details of construction and arrangement of parts may be resorted to without departing from the spirit and the scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A box beam construction comprising:

(a) a first beam member including a web and first and second spaced flange portions projecting from longitudinally extending edges of the web, said flange portions projecting in generally parallel relationship from the same face of the web;

(b) said first flange portion including a central part and a lip projecting from a longitudinal edge of the central part, the lip being spaced from the web and generally paralleling the web, said lip projecting from the first flange portion toward the second flange portion;

(0) a second beam member interlocked with the first beam member and including a flange portion nested within said first flange portion, said nested flange portion including a central part adjacent said first flange portion central part and first and second spaced lip parts respectively adjacent the lip of said first flange portion and the first member web;

(d) said second member including a web portion connected to said first lip part by an offset and extending generally parallel to and spaced from said first member web; and,

(c) said second member including a flange lip, said second member flange lip and said second flange portion of said first beam member being in overlying relationship with one another.

2. The beam of claim 1 wherein said first flange portion lip part and said second web are disposed substantially in a common plane.

3. The beam of claim 2 wherein said second flange portion includes an offset and an offset part and wherein said second member flange lip overlies. said offset part with the second member flange lip and the majority of said second flange portion lying in a common plane.

4. The beam of claim 1 wherein said second flange portion includes an offset and an offset part and wherein said second member flange lip overlies said offset part with the second member flange lip and the majority of said second flange portion lying in a common plane.

5. The beam of claim 4 wherein said second member flange lip and said second flange portion offset are tack welded together.

6. A sheet metal beam assembly for horizontal orientation to support a load between its ends including first and second beam members connected together to form said assembly and comprising:

(a) a load supporting beam flange construction including a load supporting flange portion of one of said members and a load supporting flange portion defined by the other of said members;

(b) one of said flange portions resiliently gripping said other flange portion to lock said flange portions together in load supporting relationship and urging said beam members together remote from said flange construction;

(c) one of said beam members including a second flange portion extending parallel to said flange construction, said second flange portion of said one beam member connected to a portion of said other beam member by a weldment; and,

(d) said second flange portion of said one beam member including an offset portion, said offset portion including a surface portion engaged with a lip portion of said other beam member which overlies said surface portion.

7. A two part sheet metal beam having a top or load bearing flange, a bottom flange and spaced webs extending between said flanges:

(a) said top flange comprising:

(1) a flange on one beam part comprising a first flange part extending from the web of said one beam part in a plane substantially normal to the plane of said web and a first lip portion extending toward the bottom flange of said beam in a plane intersecting the plane of said first flange part at an included angle no greater than (2) a flange on said other beam part comprising a second flange part extending from the web of said other beam part in a plane substantially normal to the plane of said web of the other beam part, a second lip portion extending from said second flange part in a plane intersecting the plane of said second flange part at an included angle of no more than 90, and a radiused bearing surface portion connecting said second flange part and said second flange lip;

(3) said flange of said other beam part nested within said flange of said one beam part with said first and second flange parts closely adjacent each other;

(4) the maximum dimension between the outside surface of the web of said other beam part and said bearing surface being at least as great as the distance between the inside surface of the web of said one beam member and said first lip portion whereby said flange on said other beam part is compressed by said web and said first lip of said one beam part;

(5) at least the depending edge of said first lip portion of said one beam part engaging the web of said other beam part during insertion of said flange of said other beam part into said flange of said one beam part whereby the compressive force in said flange part of said other beam part is minimum when said flanges are nested; and,

(b) said lower beam flange comprising a lower flange part on one of said beam parts biased into engagement with said other beam part by the force of engagement between said flanges forming said top flange.

8. A beam as claimed in claim 7 wherein the neutral axes of said beam parts are disposed substantially the same distance from said top flange.

9. The beam as claimed in claim 7 wherein one of said earn parts includes a ledge portion defined in its web, said ledge portion adapted to engage a load.

10. A beam as claimed in claim 7 and further including means for connecting said lower flange part of said one beam part to said other beam part.

11. The beam as claimed in claim 10 wherein said beam includes clip members welded to ends of said beam.

12. A beam as claimed in claim 10 wherein said means includes a weldment between said lower flange part and said other beam part.

13. A sheet metal beam assembly for horizontal orientation to support a load including first and second beam members connected together to form said assembly and comprising:

(a) a load supporting eam flange construction defined by a flange portion of one beam member which coextends with and is adjacent a flange portion of said other beam member;

(b) one of said flange portions resiliently gripping said other flange portion to lock said flange portions together to define said flange construction and to urge said beam members together remote from said flange construction;

(c) one of said beam members defining a second flange portion extending substantially parallel to said flange construction and engaging part of said other beam member at said remote location; and,

(d) a weld joint between said second flange portion of said one beam member and said part of said other beam member.

14. A two part sheet metal beam having a top or load bearing flange, a bottom flange and spaced webs extending between said flanges:

(a) said top flange comprising:

(1) a flange on one beam part comprising a first flange part extending from the web of said one beam part in a plane substantially normal to the plane of said web and a first lip portion extending toward the bottom flange of said beam in a plane intersecting the plane of said first flange part at an included angle no greater than 90;

(2) a flange on said other beam part comprising a second flange part extending from the web of said other beam part in a plane substantially normal to the plane of said web of the other beam part, a second lip portion extending from 8 said second flange part in a plane intersecting the plane of said second flange part at an included angle of no more than and a radiused bearing surface portion connecting said second flange part and said second flange lip;

(3) said flange of said other beam part nested within said'flange of said one beam part with said first and second flange parts closely adjacent each other;

(4) the maximum dimension between the outside surface of the web of said other beam part and said bearing surface being at least as great as the distance between the inside surface of the web of said one beam member and said first lip portion whereby said flange on said other beam part is compressed by said web and said first lip of said one beam part; and,

(b) said lower beam flange comprising a lower flange part on one of said beam parts biased toward engagement with said other beam part by the force of engagement between said flanges forming said top flange.

15,. The beam claimed in claim 14 wherein said lower flange part is welded to said other beam part,

16. The beam claimed in claim 14 wherein said lower beam flange is defined by a single thickness of said sheet metal.

17. A box beam construction comprising:

(a) a first beam member including a web and first and second spaced flange portions projecting from longitudinally extending edges of the web, said flange portions projecting in substantially parallel relationship from the same face of the web;

(b) said first flange portion including a central part and a lip projecting from a longitudinal edge of the central part, the lip being spaced from the web and substantially paralleling the web, said lip projecting from the first flange portion toward the second flange portion;

(c) a second member interlocked with the first beam member and including a flange portion nested within said first flange portion, said nested flange portion including a central part adjacent said first flange portion central part and first and second spaced lip parts respectively engaging the lip of said first flange portion and the first member web;

(d) said second member including a web portion connected to said first lip part and extending substantially parallel to and spaced from said first member web; and,

(e) said second member including a flange lip, said second member flange lip and said second flange portion of said first beam member being in overlying relationship with one another, said nested flange portion of said second beam member and said first flange portion of said first beam member being engaged and tending to urge said flange lip of said second beam and said second flange portion of said first beam member toward the overlying relationship.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,975,874 3/1961 Pagan 52-731 X 3,127,995 4/1964 Misinski 211-148 3,234,704 2/1966 Burgess et al 5273l 3,332,197 7/1967 Hinkle 52732 X PRICE C. FAW, J R., Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R. 138l63

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2315890A1 (en) * 1975-06-30 1977-01-28 Palmer Shile Co Beam for supporting the floors or pallets
US4221097A (en) * 1978-11-27 1980-09-09 Gerhard Dingler Steel sections for framework panels
FR2521617A1 (en) * 1982-02-17 1983-08-19 Pizzone Mario Self load-bearing metal cladding for buildings - has two parallel skins strengthened and joined by edge profiles
EP0097104A1 (en) * 1982-06-15 1983-12-28 S I C O P SOCIETE INDUSTRIELLE COUVERTURE PIZZONE Société Anonyme dite: Self-supporting metallic ondulated element for the roof of a building
US4614272A (en) * 1984-05-03 1986-09-30 Foster Grant Corporation Commodity display device
US4708252A (en) * 1983-12-16 1987-11-24 The Kingston-Warren Corporation Storage rack system
US4760682A (en) * 1987-05-05 1988-08-02 S & K Enterprises Inc. Tubular rack beam and method of making same
US5014487A (en) * 1989-11-01 1991-05-14 S&K Enterprises, Inc. Rack beams and method of making same
US5095678A (en) * 1991-01-23 1992-03-17 Steelway Housing Structural stud
US5657590A (en) * 1996-01-24 1997-08-19 Quanex Corporation Muntin bar assembly
US6189930B1 (en) 1999-08-03 2001-02-20 Dana Corporation Joint between side rail and cross member in a vehicle frame assembly
WO2003097958A3 (en) * 2002-05-15 2005-12-29 Ghislain Belanger Composite building stud
US20080072528A1 (en) * 2006-09-26 2008-03-27 Wolfe Electric, Inc. Support Beam and Attachment Clevis Assembly
US20110302870A1 (en) * 2009-02-27 2011-12-15 Cds Nu-Steel Homes International Co.,Ltd. Unit structural member for building and floor structure utilizing the unit structural member

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2315890A1 (en) * 1975-06-30 1977-01-28 Palmer Shile Co Beam for supporting the floors or pallets
US4221097A (en) * 1978-11-27 1980-09-09 Gerhard Dingler Steel sections for framework panels
FR2521617A1 (en) * 1982-02-17 1983-08-19 Pizzone Mario Self load-bearing metal cladding for buildings - has two parallel skins strengthened and joined by edge profiles
EP0097104A1 (en) * 1982-06-15 1983-12-28 S I C O P SOCIETE INDUSTRIELLE COUVERTURE PIZZONE Société Anonyme dite: Self-supporting metallic ondulated element for the roof of a building
US4708252A (en) * 1983-12-16 1987-11-24 The Kingston-Warren Corporation Storage rack system
US4614272A (en) * 1984-05-03 1986-09-30 Foster Grant Corporation Commodity display device
US4760682A (en) * 1987-05-05 1988-08-02 S & K Enterprises Inc. Tubular rack beam and method of making same
US5014487A (en) * 1989-11-01 1991-05-14 S&K Enterprises, Inc. Rack beams and method of making same
US5095678A (en) * 1991-01-23 1992-03-17 Steelway Housing Structural stud
US5657590A (en) * 1996-01-24 1997-08-19 Quanex Corporation Muntin bar assembly
US6189930B1 (en) 1999-08-03 2001-02-20 Dana Corporation Joint between side rail and cross member in a vehicle frame assembly
WO2003097958A3 (en) * 2002-05-15 2005-12-29 Ghislain Belanger Composite building stud
US20080072528A1 (en) * 2006-09-26 2008-03-27 Wolfe Electric, Inc. Support Beam and Attachment Clevis Assembly
US7895809B2 (en) * 2006-09-26 2011-03-01 Wolfe Electric, Inc. Support beam and attachment clevis assembly
US20110302870A1 (en) * 2009-02-27 2011-12-15 Cds Nu-Steel Homes International Co.,Ltd. Unit structural member for building and floor structure utilizing the unit structural member
CN102333924A (en) * 2009-02-27 2012-01-25 Cds新制铁国际株式会社 Building unit structural member and floor structure utilizing said unit structural member
US8713867B2 (en) * 2009-02-27 2014-05-06 Cds Nu Steel Holdings Limited Unit structural member for building and floor structure utilizing the unit structural member
CN102333924B (en) * 2009-02-27 2014-07-30 Cds新型钢铁控股有限公司 Building unit structural member and floor structure utilizing said unit structural member
AU2010218946B2 (en) * 2009-02-27 2016-05-12 Cds Nu Steel Holdings Limited Unit structural member for building and floor structure utilizing the unit structural member

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