US3597314A - Method of improving the drainage of cellulose fiber suspensions with polymers of n-vinyl-n-methyl-formamide - Google Patents

Method of improving the drainage of cellulose fiber suspensions with polymers of n-vinyl-n-methyl-formamide Download PDF

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US3597314A
US3597314A US3597314DA US3597314A US 3597314 A US3597314 A US 3597314A US 3597314D A US3597314D A US 3597314DA US 3597314 A US3597314 A US 3597314A
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acid
vinyl
cellulose
paper
water
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Karlheinz Laube
Dieter Ulmschneider
Ehrenfried Nischwith
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Hoechst AG
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Hoechst AG
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H17/00Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its constitution; Paper-impregnating material characterised by its constitution
    • D21H17/20Macromolecular organic compounds
    • D21H17/33Synthetic macromolecular compounds
    • D21H17/34Synthetic macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D21H17/41Synthetic macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds containing ionic groups
    • D21H17/44Synthetic macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds containing ionic groups cationic
    • D21H17/45Nitrogen-containing groups

Abstract

DEWATERING OF AQUEOUS CELLULOSE FIBER SUSPENSION IN THE FORMATION OF PAPER IS IMPROVED BY ADDING TO THE SUSPENSION FROM 0.05 TO 4% OF A WATER SOLUBLE POLYMER CONSISTING ESSENTIALLY OF UNITS DERIVED FROM N-VINYL-N-METHYLFORMAMIDE, SUCH AS N-VINYL-N-METHYL FORMAMIDE, HAVING 60-100% OF THE FORMIC ACID RADICALS OF THE POLYMER SPLIT OFF BY ACID HYDROLYSIS.

Description

United States Patent int. c1. 1021a 3/00; mm 3/40 US. Cl. 162-168 5 Claims ABSC'I OF THE DISCLUS Dewatering of aqueous cellulose fiber suspension in the formation of paper is improved by adding to the suspension from 0.05 to 4% of a water soluble polymer consisting essentially of units derived from N-vinyl-N-methylformamide, such as N-vinyl-N-methyl formamide, having 60l00% of the formic acid radicals of the polymer split off by acid hydrolysis.

The present invention relates to an improved method for dewatering cellulose fiber suspensions suitable for the manufacture of paper.

In the production of paper, card board and similar water-scooped paper webs-hereinafter called papera cellulose fiber suspension Which may contain more or less rosin size and mineral constituents (fillers) depending on the product desired, is drained on a continuously moving Wire cloth. In this process, the free water passes and drops off the paper web whereas the rest of it is removed by suction and subsequent drying, for example, on drying rollers. A substantial factor in the production of paper is the rate at which the water can pass through the paper web or can be sucked off. The drainage rate of the cellulose fiber suspensions depend, to a large extent, on the composition of the suspension, on how finely beaten the fibers are (degree of fineness) and on the mesh width of the wire cloth. By adding certain chemical substances dewatering can be accelerated without increasing the amount of fibers that drop through the wire cloth. Quick dewatering means either low drying costs or increase in production.

It is especially interesting to add draining agents of the chemical type in the processing of waste-paper or highly beaten cellulose (parchment substitute) since, in this case, dewatering is considerably reduced by major proportions of finest fibers and slimy material.

It is known that cellulose suspensions can be dewatered better and more quickly by adding bivalent metal ions, especially calcium chloride (c.f. J. C. MacGugan, Paper Trade Journal, January -1962, p. 22). According to W. C. Cohen, et al., Proc. Austr. Pulp Paper Ind. Techn. Assoc. 3 (1949), p. 72, this phenomenon resides in the neutralisetion of the anionic group of the fibers by positive metal ions. This leads to the formation of fiber agglomerates that permit an easier removal of water from the fibrous material suspension.

Unfortunately, the water hardness plays an important part in this process. Thus, it appeared that the draining effect decreases if the water hardness increases. However, since the paper producer is, in most cases, dependent on river or pond water or on underground Water of medium or high hardness, the use of calcium chloride is limited to a few cases where soft water is actually available.

The draining effect of calcium chloride is, moreover, adversely affected by the presence of rosin size and alumi- 3,597,3M Patented Aug. 3, 197i nium sulfate so that its use is only economical with unsized papers. In addition, water containing calcium chloride promotes the corrosion of steel and brass slightly more than does usual water for industrial use.

German Pat. No. 1,169,131, furthermore, discloses that polymerization products based on ethylene imine, for example polyethylene imine, are suitable for accelerating dewatering of cellulose suspensions. These products have, in addition to other effects, a retaining effect and thereby reduce the amount of solid materials in the slurry water (cf. H. Wilfinger, Das Papier 2, (1.948) p. 265). A lower waste-water content generally involves a better clarification of the sewage water and thus the paper producer is in a better position to meet the requirements imposed by the law as to the introduction of waste water into effluent channels.

The above-cited draining agents based on polyethylene imine, however, exhibit a series of drawbacks. For example, it appears that papers that have been made from those suspensions treated with polyethylene imine have an increased tendency to yellowing. Moreover, pure polyalkylene imines are sensitive to sulfate-ions in an acidic medium, i.e. their effectiveness decreases with increasing amounts of aluminium sulfate in an aqueous solution. H. Wilfinger, in Das Papier, 2 (1948), p. 265, explains this phenomenon with the formation of salt-like sparingly soluble precipitates of polyalkylene imines in the presence of aluminium sulfate. In numerous cases, however, the paper producer depends on the use of aluminium sulfate since it is an inexpensive fiocculating agent and thus proved especially suitable in the clarification of sewage water. As a precipitating and mordanting agent to be used for glues and dyestuffs it can hardly be replaced by other products showing similar economical advantages. Furthermore, aluminium sulfate serves in many cases, to control the absorptive power of papers.

Attempts have been made to overcome the sensitiveness of polyalkylene imines to sulfate-ions by using, instead of pure polyalkylene imines, condensation products of urea and 1,2-alkylene imines as auxiliaries.

It has now been found that dewatering of aqueous cellulose fiber suspensions to form paper on a paper machine wire cloth can be improved by incorporating into the cellulose fiber suspensions water-soluble homoor copolymers of N-vinyl-N-methyl carboxylic acid amides of the formula CH CH-N (CH -COR in which R stands for hydrogen or the methyl or ethyl radical, the carboxylic acid radicals of the polymers being eliminated entirely or partially by acidic hydrolysis.

A substantial advantage of the auxiliaries of the invention is the fact that their effectiveness in an acidic medium is considerably less afiected than that of, for example, polyethylene imine. This advantageous property of the polymers used according to the invention is obviously due to their substantially weaker tendency to form sparingly soluble salts with sulfate-ions in an acidic medium. An influence of the water hardness on the draining effect, as observed with calcium chloride, can also not be established with the polymers used according to the invention. The draining effect of the polymers is also hardly influenced by the presence of rosin size and aluminium sulfate. Compared with the condensation products of urea and 1,2- alkylene imines the polymers used according to the invention, moreover, exhibit in a neutral medium a superior draining effect on the cellulose fiber suspension. It is, therefore, possible to use the polymers of the. invention for dewatering cellulose fiber suspensions within a wide range of effectiveness and independently of the Water hardness and of the presence of aluminium sulfate or rosin size.

Another advantage of the polymers of the invention, especially established in practice, is the fact that, in despite their nitrogen content surprisingly, they do not bring about yellowing of the paper. Owing to their excellent draining effect the products of the invention are advantageously suitable for accelerating dewatering of slimybeaten cellulose fiber suspensions or even of suspensions having a high portion of finest fibers or slimy material due to their origin, for example, from waste paper.

The compounds of the invention can also be used in suspensions that contain highly bleached cellulose fibers and, hence, would not permit the use of compounds on the basis of polyalkylene imines owing to the tendency to yellowing. The presence of products of the invention influences the effect of optical brighteners much less than do those compounds on the basis of polyalkylene imines.

Still another advantage of the products to be used according to the invention is their very favorable effect of retaining filling and fibrous materials on the wire cloth during the sheet formation. Because of this advantageous retention valuable starting materials are, indeed, retained in the paper sheet to a large extent and the pulp slurries are markedly deposited thus permitting a better and easier clarification of the sewage water. It is, moreover, essential that the additives of the invention do not deteriorate the absorptive power nor the surface smoothness of the final product.

The products to be used according to the present invention are water-soluble polymers of N-vinyl-N-methyl carboxylic acid amides or copolymers of these vinyl compounds with radically polymerizable comonomers, the carboxylic acid radicals of which heve been eliminated at least partially by hydrolysis with a strong mineral acid, for example hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, hydrobromic acid, sulfuric acid or phosphoric acid, at an eleveated temperature. The polymers and copolymers are prepared especially from N-vinyl-N-methyl carboxylic acid amides of lower alkane-carboxylic acids having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, especially N-vinyl-N-methylacetamide, N-vinyl-N- methylformamide or mixtures of these monomers. Preferred is N-vnyl-N-methylformamide since the hydrolysis of the corresponding homoand copolymers can be carried out in an especially easy and technically simple manner at relatively low temperatures of from about 50 to about 120 C. About 60 to 100%, preferably 70 to 93%, of the acyl radicals of the homoand copolymers are advantageously split off by hydrolysis, these values indicating the mol-percentage of nitrogen present in the form of free secondary amino groups. The degree of hydrolysis is, conveniently, established by determining the content of basic nitrogen in the polymer. At the degrees of hydrolysis mentioned, the homopolymers have a content of basic nitrogen of from about 15 to 24% by weight, preferably 17 to 22.5% by weight. The carboxylic acid split off by hydrolysis and the mineral acid may, if desired, be removed from the reaction mixture by evaporation, dialysis or by means of ion exchangers. The acids may, however, also be left, in many cases, in the mixture without noticeably affecting the effect of the polymers. The molecular weights of the partially or entirely hydrolized homoor copolymers to be used according to the invention are advantageously within the range of from about 20,000 to 5,000,000, preferably from about 100,000 to 2,500,000.

As auxiliaries to be used according to the invention there are preferably mentioned the at least partially hydrolized products of homopolymers of N-vinyl-N-methyl carboxylic acid amides. As far as hydrolized products of copolymers of N-vinyl-N-methyl carboxylic acid amides are used, the proportion of the comonomers may be up to about 50%, preferably up to 30%, calculated on the weight of the copolymer.

For preparing the copolymers any radically polymerizable compound may be used as comonomer of the N-vinyl- N-methyl carboxylic acid amides, for example vinyl alcohol, vinyl esters such as vinyl acetate, other open-chain N- vinyl carboxylic acid amides, N-vinyl-lactams and, in particular vinyl sulfonic acid, acrylic acid, methacrylic acid and the acrylic and methacrylic acid amides. The entirely or partially hydrolized homoor copolymers to be used according to the invention may be prepared by the process disclosed in U.S. application Ser. No. 766,942 filed Oct. 11, 1968 by Beermann, Schnabel and 'Ulmschneider, said application corresponding to German application F 53,845 (renumbered P 17 20 737.3) filed Oct. 20, 1967.

The at least partially hydrolized homoor copolymers are introduced into the fiber suspension, advantageously, at a moment between the last beating operation or the last thickening and the dewatering on the wire cloth of the paper machine. Too heavy a shearing stress of the suspension, as caused by pumps and the like, should be avoided after the incorporation of the auxiliaries. The amount of the herein disclosed polymeric auxiliaries to be incorporated into aqueous cellulose fiber suspensions is within the range of from about 0.05 to about 4%, calculated on the weight of the dry cellulose fibers. In most cases, however, amounts of from 0.05 to 0.3% by weight are sufficient.

The auxiliaries to be used according to the invention may be incorporated into fiber suspensions that have been obtained either from fresh cellulose or from waste paper. The filling materials to be introduced into the fiber suspensions may be the mineral substances containing silicates or sulfates as usually employed in the paper industry, such as kaolin, China clay, talcum and heavy spar, as well as titanium dioxide.

The following examples serve to illustrate the invention but they are not intended to limit it thereto.

EXAMPLE 1 Varying amounts of a poly-N-vinyl-N-methylformamide hydrolized to an extent such that the basic nitrogen content amounts to 21% by weight (88 mol-percent of nitrogen present in the form of free secondary amino groups) and the viscosity is 380 cp. in a 13.1% aqueous solution, are introduced into 1% aqueous fiber suspensions obtained by beating up newsprint paper and showing a degree of fineness of about 65 SR. The pH value of the suspension is about 7. About 2 g. of atro fibers are taken from the suspension and placed into a Schopper-Riegler apparatus and the dewatering time is determined with the lower outlet pipe closed.

Suspensions, the pH-values of which are adjusted to 5 by means of aluminium sulfate, are treated in the same manner.

In both cases the discharge time is also measured without adding a product and compared with polyethylene imine. The values obtained are compiled in Table I.

EXAMPLE 2 Varying amounts of a partially hydrolized poly-N- vinyl-Nmethylformamide having a basic nitrogen content of 16.6% by weight (69 mol-percent of nitrogen present in the form of free secondary amino groups) are introduced into the cellulose suspensions described in TABLE Iv Example 1 which have been adjusted to pH 5.0 by means of aluminium sulfate. The reduction of the fineness degree of the suspensions is measured in a Schopperatro cellulose, Dgwatenng Rlegler apparatus. For comparisons sake, varymg 5 Auxlhal'y Percent bywtvalue J1me, Secs amounts of a condensation product of urea and ethylene M 149 Condensation product of urea 3 7 0 97 1m1ne are examined under the same conditions. The reand ethylene 1mm 74 sults are compiled in Table II and indicate a medium CopolymefofN'vmyl'N'methyl' T formamide and sodium salt of 0.3 7. 0 95 value obtained from 5 separate measurements. Vinylsulfonic acid 0.5 7.0 70 10 5 0 166 Condensation product of urea TABLE H and ethylene imine Amount used Degree of copolymer of y y referred to fineness formamide and sodium salt of atro cellulose, pH according vmylsulfonic acid 0 3 5. 0 130 Compound percent by wt. value to S 0.5 5. 0 120 5.0 66.3 Condensation product of urea and 0.2 5.0 64.3 We clam ethylene mime 8:2 2 8 223 1. In a process for dewatering an aqueous cellulose iggi g g figgggg g yy 8% 2-8 gig fiber suspension to form paper on a paper machine wire, 5 53:2 the lmprovement of Which comprises lncorporating 1nto EXAMPLE 3 A 1% aqueous fiber suspension is prepared from unbleached sulfite cellulose and unbleached wood pulp (60:40). The degree of fineness is 70.5 SR and, after acidification with aluminium sulfate to a pH of 5.0, it is 73 SR. Varying amounts of a poly-N-vinyl-N-methylformamide hydrolized to an extent such that the basic nitrogen content amounts to 22.2% by weight (93 molpercent of nitrogen present in the form of free secondary amino groups), are introduced into samples of these suspensions and the dewatering time is measured as disclosed in Example 1 and compared with that of polyethylene imine and that of a condensation product of urea and ethylene imine (Table III).

EXAMPLE 4 At a pH-value of 7.0 or 5.0, varying amounts of an almost entirely hydrolized copolymer of N-vinyl-N- methylformamide and the sodium salt of vinylsulfonic acid (ratio 70:30% by weight) are introduced into cellulose suspensions as disclosed in Example 1. The results obtained are compared with those of a condensation product of urea and ethylene imine. The dewatering time is measured as disclosed in Example 1.

the cellulose fiber suspension from about 0.05 to about 4%, referred to the weight of the dry cellulose fiber portion of the suspension, of a water soluble polymer consisting essentially of units derived from N-vinyl-N' methyl-formamide, having from to 100% of the formic acid radicals of the polymer split off by acid hydrolysis.

2. The process of claim 1 wherein from to 93% of the formic acid radicals of the polymer are split off by acid hydrolysis.

3. The process of claim 1 wherein in said suspension is incorporated at least a partially hydrolyzed polymer consisting of a polymer having at least 70% of its recurring units derived from N-vinyl-N-methyl-formamide.

4. The process of claim 1 wherein in said suspension is incorporated at least a partially hydrolyzed polymer consisting of a polymer having at: least 70% of its recurring units derived from N-viny'l-N-methyl-formamide and up to 30% of its recurring units derived from vinylsulfonic acid.

5. The process of claim 1 wherein in said suspension is incorporated at least a partially hydrolyzed polymer consisting essentially of recurring units derived from N vinyl-N-methyl-formamide which has a molecular weight of about 20,000 to 5,000,000.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,194,727 7/1965 Adams 162-168 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,082,016 9/1967 Great Britain 26094.7N

S. LEON BASHORE, Primary Examiner R. H. ANDERSON, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R. 260-89.7

US3597314A 1967-11-29 1968-11-27 Method of improving the drainage of cellulose fiber suspensions with polymers of n-vinyl-n-methyl-formamide Expired - Lifetime US3597314A (en)

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US3718717A (en) * 1970-09-25 1973-02-27 Bayer Ag Acrylonitrile copolymer threads and films containing a polymer of vinyl methyl formamide
US4421602A (en) * 1981-07-18 1983-12-20 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Linear basic polymers, their preparation and their use
JPS62299600A (en) * 1986-06-14 1987-12-26 Basf Ag Production of paper, cardboard and thick paper
US4795770A (en) * 1986-10-01 1989-01-03 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Cement composition for oil well drilling holes containing high molecular weight poly (vinylamines)
US4798871A (en) * 1986-10-01 1989-01-17 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Compositions containing high molecular weight poly(vinylamines) for enhanced oil recovery
US4804793A (en) * 1986-10-01 1989-02-14 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Drilling mud compositions containing high molecular weight poly (vinylamines)
US4828725A (en) * 1986-10-01 1989-05-09 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Completion fluids containing high molecular weight poly(vinylamines)
US4843118A (en) * 1986-10-01 1989-06-27 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Acidized fracturing fluids containing high molecular weight poly(vinylamines) for enhanced oil recovery
EP0331047A1 (en) * 1988-03-04 1989-09-06 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Papermaking process comprising the addition of high molecular weight poly(vinylamines) to the wet-end cellulose fiber slurry
US4880497A (en) * 1985-09-26 1989-11-14 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Preparation of water-soluble copolymers containing vinylamine units, and their use as wet strength agents and dry strength agents for paper
WO1990011404A1 (en) * 1989-03-18 1990-10-04 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Process for manufacturing paper, paperboard and cardboard in the presence of copolymerizates containing n-vinyl formamide units
US5145559A (en) * 1990-01-16 1992-09-08 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Production of paper, board and cardboard
US5281307A (en) * 1993-01-13 1994-01-25 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Crosslinked vinyl alcohol/vinylamine copolymers for dry end paper addition
US5300566A (en) * 1988-04-15 1994-04-05 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Method for preparing poly(vinyl alcohol)-co-poly(vinylamine) via a two-phase process
US5380403A (en) * 1993-03-22 1995-01-10 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Amine functional poly(vinyl alcohol) for improving properties of recycled paper
US5397436A (en) * 1992-07-15 1995-03-14 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Paper wet-strength improvement with cellulose reactive size and amine functional poly(vinyl alcohol)
US5597448A (en) * 1993-10-21 1997-01-28 Nalco Chemical Company Method for reducing pitch deposition using copolymer of N-vinyl acetamide
US5630907A (en) * 1992-12-07 1997-05-20 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Use of hydrolyzed copolymers of N-vinylcarboxamides and monoethylenically unsaturated carboxylic acids in papermaking
US6184310B1 (en) 1997-02-17 2001-02-06 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Method for producing polymers containing carbamate units and the use thereof
US6214885B1 (en) 1997-09-08 2001-04-10 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Use of polymers containing β-hydroxyalkylvinylamine units as biocides
WO2002038861A1 (en) * 2000-11-09 2002-05-16 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Paper coating slip containing n-vinyl formamide
WO2003016624A1 (en) * 2001-08-13 2003-02-27 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Method for production of coated paper with extreme whiteness
WO2005014931A1 (en) * 2003-07-25 2005-02-17 Basf Aktiengesellschaft A method for the production of paper
US20050239974A1 (en) * 2002-05-24 2005-10-27 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Hydrophobically modified polymers containing vinylamine or ethylenimine units, method for the production thereof, and their use as retention agents
US20070004834A1 (en) * 2003-05-19 2007-01-04 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Method for the production of polymer powders

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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NL111241C (en) * 1959-05-22

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3718717A (en) * 1970-09-25 1973-02-27 Bayer Ag Acrylonitrile copolymer threads and films containing a polymer of vinyl methyl formamide
US4421602A (en) * 1981-07-18 1983-12-20 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Linear basic polymers, their preparation and their use
US4978427A (en) * 1985-09-26 1990-12-18 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Water-soluble copolymers containing vinylamine units as wet strength and dry strength agent for paper
US4880497A (en) * 1985-09-26 1989-11-14 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Preparation of water-soluble copolymers containing vinylamine units, and their use as wet strength agents and dry strength agents for paper
JPS62299600A (en) * 1986-06-14 1987-12-26 Basf Ag Production of paper, cardboard and thick paper
JP2605043B2 (en) 1986-06-14 1997-04-30 バスフ アクチェン ゲゼルシャフト Paper, preparation of paperboard and cardboard
US4772359A (en) * 1986-06-14 1988-09-20 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Production of paper, board and cardboard
US4804793A (en) * 1986-10-01 1989-02-14 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Drilling mud compositions containing high molecular weight poly (vinylamines)
US4828725A (en) * 1986-10-01 1989-05-09 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Completion fluids containing high molecular weight poly(vinylamines)
US4843118A (en) * 1986-10-01 1989-06-27 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Acidized fracturing fluids containing high molecular weight poly(vinylamines) for enhanced oil recovery
US4795770A (en) * 1986-10-01 1989-01-03 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Cement composition for oil well drilling holes containing high molecular weight poly (vinylamines)
US4798871A (en) * 1986-10-01 1989-01-17 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Compositions containing high molecular weight poly(vinylamines) for enhanced oil recovery
EP0331047A1 (en) * 1988-03-04 1989-09-06 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Papermaking process comprising the addition of high molecular weight poly(vinylamines) to the wet-end cellulose fiber slurry
US5300566A (en) * 1988-04-15 1994-04-05 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Method for preparing poly(vinyl alcohol)-co-poly(vinylamine) via a two-phase process
US5262008A (en) * 1989-03-18 1993-11-16 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Production of paper, board and cardboard in the presence of copolymers containing N-vinylformamide units
WO1990011404A1 (en) * 1989-03-18 1990-10-04 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Process for manufacturing paper, paperboard and cardboard in the presence of copolymerizates containing n-vinyl formamide units
US5145559A (en) * 1990-01-16 1992-09-08 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Production of paper, board and cardboard
US5397436A (en) * 1992-07-15 1995-03-14 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Paper wet-strength improvement with cellulose reactive size and amine functional poly(vinyl alcohol)
US5630907A (en) * 1992-12-07 1997-05-20 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Use of hydrolyzed copolymers of N-vinylcarboxamides and monoethylenically unsaturated carboxylic acids in papermaking
US5281307A (en) * 1993-01-13 1994-01-25 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Crosslinked vinyl alcohol/vinylamine copolymers for dry end paper addition
US5380403A (en) * 1993-03-22 1995-01-10 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. Amine functional poly(vinyl alcohol) for improving properties of recycled paper
EP0649941B2 (en) 1993-10-21 2002-07-17 Nalco Chemical Company Pitch control in paper mill systems
US5597448A (en) * 1993-10-21 1997-01-28 Nalco Chemical Company Method for reducing pitch deposition using copolymer of N-vinyl acetamide
US6184310B1 (en) 1997-02-17 2001-02-06 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Method for producing polymers containing carbamate units and the use thereof
US6214885B1 (en) 1997-09-08 2001-04-10 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Use of polymers containing β-hydroxyalkylvinylamine units as biocides
WO2002038861A1 (en) * 2000-11-09 2002-05-16 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Paper coating slip containing n-vinyl formamide
US20040020615A1 (en) * 2000-11-09 2004-02-05 Friedrich Linhart Paper coating slip containing n-vinyl formamide
US6969444B2 (en) 2000-11-09 2005-11-29 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Paper coating slip containing n-vinylformamide
WO2003016624A1 (en) * 2001-08-13 2003-02-27 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Method for production of coated paper with extreme whiteness
US20040154764A1 (en) * 2001-08-13 2004-08-12 Thierry Blum Method for production of coated paper with extreme whiteness
US7641765B2 (en) 2001-08-13 2010-01-05 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Method for production of coated paper with extreme whiteness
US20050239974A1 (en) * 2002-05-24 2005-10-27 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Hydrophobically modified polymers containing vinylamine or ethylenimine units, method for the production thereof, and their use as retention agents
US7541409B2 (en) 2002-05-24 2009-06-02 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Hydrophobically modified polymers containing vinylamine or ethylenimine units, method for the production thereof, and their use as retention agents
US20070004834A1 (en) * 2003-05-19 2007-01-04 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Method for the production of polymer powders
US7547741B2 (en) * 2003-05-19 2009-06-16 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Preparation of polymer powders
US20060201645A1 (en) * 2003-07-25 2006-09-14 Kenichi Ito Method for the production of paper
CN100485125C (en) 2003-07-25 2009-05-06 巴斯福股份公司;精工Pmc株式会社 Method for the production of paper
WO2005014931A1 (en) * 2003-07-25 2005-02-17 Basf Aktiengesellschaft A method for the production of paper

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