US3580389A - Screw conveyor - Google Patents

Screw conveyor Download PDF

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US3580389A
US3580389A US789508A US3580389DA US3580389A US 3580389 A US3580389 A US 3580389A US 789508 A US789508 A US 789508A US 3580389D A US3580389D A US 3580389DA US 3580389 A US3580389 A US 3580389A
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screw
screws
angular velocity
shaft
ratio
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US789508A
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Friedrich Karl Nonnenmacher
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Metallgesellschaft AG
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Metallgesellschaft AG
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Priority to DE1968M0077033 priority Critical patent/DE1653872B2/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C2/00Rotary-piston machines or pumps
    • F04C2/08Rotary-piston machines or pumps of intermeshing-engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co-operating members similar to that of toothed gearing
    • F04C2/12Rotary-piston machines or pumps of intermeshing-engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co-operating members similar to that of toothed gearing of other than internal-axis type
    • F04C2/14Rotary-piston machines or pumps of intermeshing-engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co-operating members similar to that of toothed gearing of other than internal-axis type with toothed rotary pistons
    • F04C2/16Rotary-piston machines or pumps of intermeshing-engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co-operating members similar to that of toothed gearing of other than internal-axis type with toothed rotary pistons with helical teeth, e.g. chevron-shaped, screw type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F7/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders
    • B01F7/02Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis
    • B01F7/08Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis with helices or sections of helices
    • B01F7/081Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis with helices or sections of helices with at least two helices in the same receptacle
    • B01F7/085Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis with helices or sections of helices with at least two helices in the same receptacle the helices intermeshing to knead the mixture
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C48/252Drive or actuation means; Transmission means; Screw supporting means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/22Extrusion presses; Dies therefor
    • B30B11/24Extrusion presses; Dies therefor using screws or worms
    • B30B11/243Extrusion presses; Dies therefor using screws or worms using two or more screws working in the same chamber
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/02Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material
    • B30B9/12Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using pressing worms or screws co-operating with a permeable casing
    • B30B9/16Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using pressing worms or screws co-operating with a permeable casing operating with two or more screws or worms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/03Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor characterised by the shape of the extruded material at extrusion

Abstract

One of two parallel screws rotatable in the same direction in a screw conveyor is rotatable at different speeds from the other screw. This periodically brings the threads of one screw into wiping and cleaning engagement with the threads of the other screw.

Description

I United States Patent 1111 3,530,339
[72} Inventor Friedrich Karl Nonnenmacher [56] References Cited 21 A I N ggg gg am Mal", German-v UNITED STATES PATENTS 85 a, 1969 323,944 8/1885 Marret al. 198/213 [45] Patented i 1971 1,069,404 8/1913 Fiddyment (198/213UX) [73] Assignee MemugeseuschafiAku-engeseuschafi 2,19,16g 5/1938 Hartner (198/213UC) nankfun am Main Gen-any 2,5 7,21 9/1951 Lesmak 198/213X [32] Priom Jan 25 1968 2,788,196 4/1957 .lacoblet a1... 198/213X [33] Y 2,954,261 9/1960 Taupin 19s/213x [31] Pl653 572.0 3,255,814 6/1966 Zimmennann et a1 165/87 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,029,295 5/1966 Great Britain 165/87 Primary Examiner-Robert G. Sheridan Assistant Examiner-Frank E. Weriver 54] SCREW CONVEYOR Attorneys-Francis D. Stephens and Hugo Huetitig, Jr.
6 Claims, 10 Drawing Figs. [52] U.S. Cl 198/213, ABSTRACT: One of two parallel screws rotatable in the same 165/87, 198/229 direction in a screw conveyor is rotatable at different speeds [51] Int. Cl F28f 5/06 from the other screw. This periodically brings the threads of [50] Field of Search 198/213, one screw into wiping and cleaning engagement with the 76, 229; 165/87, 92 threads of the other screw.
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FRIEDRICH KHRL NONNENMHCHER SCREW CONVEYOR This invention is an improvement upon the screw conveyor disclosed in my copending application, Ser. No. 692,! 17, filed Dec. 20, 1967, now US. Pat. No. 3,506,066 and which relates to apparatus for a mechanical and/or thermal treatment of substances which are liquid, conveyably semisolid or solid, in a housing which has a product inlet at one end and a product outlet at the other end and which contains a screw having a right-handed screw and a left-handed screw, which are parallel and rotate in opposite senses and at least partly interengage. In such apparatus, the angular velocity or speed of at least one screw s varied during the rotation of the screws.
One screw usually rotates at a constant angular velocity whereas the other screw is driven by a summing differential gear unit, which temporarily adds an angular velocity component to the constant angular velocity or subtracts said component from said constant velocity. The relative change of the angular velocity will cause the sides of the threads of the screw to approach or move apart from each other. In two extreme positions, the sides of the screw threads perform a self-cleaning action. Thus, the temporary change in angular velocity results in an automatic cleaning of the screws. There is no axial displacement of the screw shafts.
It has now been found that it may be desirable also in screw extruders having screws of equal hand and the same sense of rotation, to change the angular velocity of at least one screw during the rotation of the screws.
This invention relates to apparatus, as in my aforesaid application, for a mechanical and/or thermal treatment of substances which are liquid or conveyably semisolid or solid, but is characterized in that the screws have the same hand, the same sense of rotation and a certain axial clearance between the sides of their threads.
The previously known screw feeders having screws which have the same hand and the same sense of rotation are fitted one into the other with a'minimum clearance so that the sides of the threads scrape on each other during rotation. Different from that known embodiment, the screw extruder according to this invention comprises screws which have the same hand and the same sense of rotation and which are designed so that the sides of their threads are spaced a certain distance apart in the intermediate position and a change of the angular velocity of one or both screw shafts can be effected to change the distance between the sides of the threads adjacent screws without need for an axial displacement of the screw shafts. As a result, the screw shafts may be mounted in conventional bearings.
A change of the angular velocity or speed of one screw or a change of the relation between the angular velocities or speeds of both screws may be effected to change the position of the two screws relative to each other until adjacent thread sides contact each other. This will be the case in two extreme positions, namely, the rear and forward extreme positions. When the two screws rotate at the same angular velocity, they will retain their instantaneous relative position. The terms intermediate position forward and rear end positions" are explained in my aforesaid application for screws which have different hands and different senses of rotation. These terms are analogously applicable in connection with the present invention. The difference in the arrangement of the screws compared to the apparatus according to the aforesaid application resides in that according to this invention the screws have the same hand and the same sense of rotation.
The means by which the objects of this invention are obtained are described more fully with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a horizontal axial sectional view of the two screws FIG. 4 is a horizontal section through the gearing for the machine shown in FIGS. 1 to 3;
FIG. 5 is a sectional plan view of a screw machine provided with the gearing shown in FIG. 4, with the cover of the machine removed;
FIG. 6 is an elevation view of the apparatus shown in FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is a section through the apparatus according to DD as indicated in FIG. 6; and
FIGS. 8 to 10 are horizontal views showing schematically two screw shafts each.
FIG. 1 is a horizontal transverse sectional view taken through two screw shafts of a screw conveyor according to this invention. The left side screw 1 of FIG. 1 consists of the screw shaft 2 and the thread 3, which is secured to the screw shaft 2. The screw is a right-handed single-thread screw and rotates also in the clockwise sense. The screw 4 consists of the screw shaft 5 and the screw thread 6. The threads of the two screws having the same hand have the shape of a triangle in cross section. The pitch A of the crests of one screw is larger than the base width B of the triangular profiles on the screw shaft. In this case, the distance C between two adjacent thread sides of a screw, measured on the shaft, is greater than zero. Both screws interengage throughout the depth of their screw channel. Each of the screw threads 3 and 6 has two exposed sides, which are referred to as the forward and rear sides in this disclosure. The forward sides of the screw threads are designated 3a and 6a and the rear ones 3b and 6b. When rotating in the sense which is indicated in the drawing, the screws feed the material from the top end to the bottom end in the drawing. When both screws rotate at the same constant angular velocity, the same arrangement as in FIG. 1 will be obtained in longitudinal section after each rotation of the screws through 360. In this specification, this position will be referred to as an intermediate position because each thread crest which en ters the thread channel of the other screw bisects the distance C on the other screw shaft.
If the angular velocity or speed of the right side shaft is sufficiently reduced relative to the left side screw 1, which continues to rotate at a constant speed, a rotation of the left side screw 1 through 360 will result in a position which is shown in FIG. 2 in a horizontal longitudinal sectional view taken through the two screws. This position will be described as a rear end position. When the two screws are in this rear end position and the right side screw 4 is accelerated to the angular velocity of the left side screw 1 so that the two screws rotate again at the same angular velocity, the thread side 6b of screw 4 will slide on the thread side 3a of the other screw 1. As the two threaded sides 6b and 3a approach each other, the material which adheres to the two thread sides 6b and 3a is scraped off. To cause a contact also between the two other thread sides 3b and 6a, which do not perform a self-cleaning action as they approach the rear end position, the angular velocity of the right side screw 4 is accelerated relative to the angular velocity of the left side screw 1 until the screws are in their forward end position, shown in FIG. 3, relative to each other. When this forward end position has been reached, the speed of the right side screw'4 will be reduced until the two screws rotate again at the same angular velocity so that the thread sides 3b and 6a, which are not cleaned in the rear end position, slide one on the other. As the thread sides 3b and 6a approach the forward end position, the material which adheres to them is scraped off.
The threads are thus cleaned as the screws rotate temporarily at different angular velocities until the forward or rear end position is reached. As one of these end positions is reached, one side of each screw thread is cleaned. During the approach to the other end position, the other two thread sides are cleaned because the product which adheres to the thread sides is scraped off during the mutual approach of the thread sides. When each thread enters the thread channel of the other screw throughout the depth of such channel, as is shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, the rotation of the screws from one end position to the other will cause adhered product to be scraped also from each of the two screw shafts by the thread crest of the other screw.
The rotary speeds of the two screws can be changed to effect a change of the relative position of the two screws. As has been explained h'ereinbefore, it is suitable to drive one screw at a constant angular velocity and to increase or reduce only the angular velocity of the other screw for a change of the relative position of the screws. The angular velocity of that screw may be increased or reduced in a simple manner by summing differential gear unit. Such gear unit is shown by way of example in FIG. 4 in a diagrammatic horizontal sectional view. The gear unit is accommodated in the totally enclosed housing 10, in which the bearings 11a, 11b, 12a and 12h are secured in the bearing brackets 13 and 14 of the housing 10. The shaft 15 is mounted in the bearings 12a and 12b and the shaft 16 in the bearings 11a and 11b. The shaft 15 is driven at a constant angular velocity. The shaft 15 carries a gear 17, which is in mesh with another gear 18. The two gears 17 and 18 have the same number of teeth. The gear 18 is secured to the shaft 19, which is mounted in the bearings 20a and 20b carried by the gear 21. The gear 21 is mounted in the bearing 22a and 22b, which are mounted on the bracket 14 of the housing 10. The shaft 19 is connected to the shaft 16 by the two universal joints 23a and 23b and the universal joint shaft 24. Secured to the housing 10 is the electric motor 25, which is reversible and the speed of which can be infinitely controlled. The motor shaft 26 extends through a bore into the interior of the housing 10 and carries the pinion 27, which is in mesh with the gear unit 21. The gear unit operates as follows: It is first assumed that the motor is deenergized and locked so that the shaft 26 cannot rotate. The shaft 15 is driven at a constant angular. velocity by a motor or gear train, not shown in FIG. 4, and drives via gears 17 and 18 the shaft 19, which is coupled by the joints 23a, 23b and the shaft 24 to the shaft 16. The shaft 16 rotates in a sense which is opposite to that of the shaft 15 but at the same constant angular velocity as the latter.
When the motor 25 is now energized, the gear 21 begins to rotate too because it is driven from the motor shaft 26 by the pinion 27. The shaft 19 thus rotates out of the plane of the drawing and is given an additional rotary movement, which is added to or subtracted from the existing rotation of the shaft 19. When the shaft 15 and the shaft 26 rotate in the clockwise sense shown in FIG. 4, the shaft 19 rotates at a higher angular velocity than the shaft 15 and so does the shaft 16. When the shaft 15 rotates in the clockwise sense and the motor shaft 26 rotates in the counterclockwise sense, the shaft 19 and with it the shaft 16 rotates at an angular velocity which is smaller than the angular velocity of the shaft 15.
In the apparatus according to the invention, that screw shaft which has a variable angular velocity is driven by the shaft 16. The shaft 15 which rotates at a constant speed can be driven by gears from the other screw shaft which rotates at a constant speed. Such an arrangement is diagrammatically shown by way of example in FIGS. 5 to 7. FIG. Sis a top plan view showing an apparatus according to this invention with the trough cover removed.
FIG. 6 is a side elevation showing the same apparatus as FIG. 5, and FIG. 7 is a vertical transverse sectional view taken on line D-D in FIG. 6. The two screws 30 and 31 are disposed in an elongated housing, which consists of the two end walls 32 and 33 and the sidewall 34. As is apparent from FIG. 7, the bottom of the sidewall 34 conforms to the screws. The apparatus is closed by the cover 35, which is not shown in FIG. 5. The product inlet 36 extends through the cover into the interior of the apparatus. The product which is treated in the apparatus leaves the apparatus through the product outlet 37, which is secured to the bottom of the apparatus at the opposite end. The shell 3 surrounds the sidewall 34 and is closely spaced from it. Parts 34 and 38 form a double wall system for conducting a heat exchange fluid. Connecting pipes 39, 40 and 41 are for supplying and discharging the heat exchange fluid are provided in the shell 38. Steam used for heating can be supplied to the apparatus by the connection pipes 39 and 40, for instance. The condensate which forms in the double shell is discharged by the connection pipe 41. A liquid heat exchange fluid, such as cooling water, is supplied through the connection pipe 41 and discharged through the connection pipes 39 and 40. The screws 30 and 31 are right-handed single-thread screws and rotate in the clockwise sense. The gear box 42, which carries the summing differential gear unit 10, the auxiliary motor 25, the clutch 43 and the drive motor 44, is secured to the end wall 33 of the apparatus. The shaft 45 of the screw 31 is driven at a constant speed by the drive motor 44 via the clutch 43. The shaft 45 of the screw 31 carries a gear 46, which is in mesh with the gear 49, which is carried by the shaft 15 of the summing differential gear unit 10. For this reason, the shaft 15 is driven at the same angular velocity as the shaft 45 but in the opposite sense of rotation. The input and output shafts 15 and 16 of the summing differential gear unit 10 rotate in the opposite direction so that both screws 30 and 31 rotate in the clockwise sense. When the auxiliary motor 25 for driving the summing differential gear unit 10 is deenergized and locked, the rotating screws 30 and 31 will remain in the same relative position, i.e., the distances between the thread sides of one screw to the thread sides of the other screw remain constant. As soon as the auxiliary motor 25 is energized, the thread sides of one screw approach those of the other screw. This approach will be the faster the higher is the speed of the auxiliary motor 25. When an end position of the screws has been reached, the auxiliary motor 25 is deenergized and locked and the screws 30 and 31 then continue to rotate in that end position until the auxiliary motor is started to rotate in the opposite sense so that the then contacting thread sides of the two screws move apart until the other end position is reached, in which the two other thread sides of the screws contact each other. In a view toward the end where the gear unit is provided, the screws 30 and 31 rotate in the clockwise sense. During a rotation of the screws in this sense, the product to be treated is fed from the product inlet 36 to the left and is discharged downwardly through the product outlet 37 at the left side end of the apparatus in FIG. 7. The screws and the housing may be hollow, in known manner, to enable the flow of a heat exchange fluid there through. This is indicated, e.g., in FIG. 5, for the screw 31, which is partly shown in horizontal section. The heat exchange fluid is supplied through the hollow screw shaft and discharged through the hollow screw thread, or vice versa.
In cross section, the screw threads may have a shape other than a triangle, e.g., a rectangle, trapezoid or sawtooth. FIGS. 8 to 10 show diagrammatically and by way of example two screws in horizontal sectional views. The thread channels of the screws shown in FIG. 8 have a trapezoidal shape in cross section and the thread channel of the screw shown in FIG. 9 has the shape of a sawtooth in cross section, FIG. 10 shows two screws which have threads that are rectangular in cross section. Adjacent thread sides of the two screws must be spaced a certain finite distance apart in the intermediate position because a change of the relative position of the screws is not possible otherwise. A screw thread having sides which form the sides of a isosceles or equilateral triangle is desirable in many cases and can be made at low cost. It will be desirable if the thread of each screw enters the channel of the other screw throughout the depth of said channel because this will ensure that the shafts of the screws will also be scraped clean as the screws move from one end position to the other.
The apparatus according to this invention will be particularly desirable when strong pressing and kneading forces are to be exerted on the material to be treated. To this end, the two screws are quickly shifted from one end position to another by a high-speed operation of the auxiliary motor 25. Contrary to the apparatus of my aforesaid application having screws which have different hands and different senses of rotation, the apparatus according to this invention enables the perforrnance of highly intense pressing, mixing and kneading actions because adjacent thread sides contact each other in the two end positions on a larger area than in an apparatus having oppositely handed screws. A rapid approach of the sides of the screw threads to one end position in the apparatus according to this invention will result in a strong kneading action on the material to be treated. Contrary to oppositely handed screws, there is a particularly high velocity difference between approaching thread sides because one thread side which has entered the channel of the other screw revolves downwardly and the thread side of the other screw revolves upwardly. This is desirable for a good mixing action. When the two screws are shifted most rapidly from one end position to the other because the auxiliary motor 25 is operated at high speed, a kneading or pressing action will be exerted on the material between the screws. Such action may be desirable in some cases.
The various nodes of operation of the apparatus according to this invention may be performed in a simple manner with the aid of the summing differential gear unit under control of the auxiliary motor 25, which is energized or deenergized or changed in speed. The auxiliary motor 25 may be automatically energized or deenergized, if desired.
Twoor multiple-thread screws having the same hand and the same sense of rotation may be combined, e.g., two twothread right-handed screws. Alternatively, screws having dif ferent numbers of threads may be combined in an apparatus according to this invention, e.g., a left-handed single-thread screw and a left-handed multiple-thread screw.
in an apparatus according to this invention, screws having the same number of screw threads do not change their relative position when they rotate at the same angular velocity, as has been mentioned. When two screws Q and P having the same number ofthreads are combined in an apparatus according to this invention, q is the number of threads of screw O, p is the number of threads of the other screw P, W is the angular velocity of the screw Q and W is the angular velocity of the screw P, the screws will not change their relative position during their rotation is the following relation exists between the angular velocities of the screws P and Q:
The relation exists between the speeds n and n of screws P and Q and indicates that the relative position of the two screws will remain constant when the ratio between the speeds or angular velocities of the screws is inverse to the ratio between the numbers of threads of the screws. When the speed of one screw or both screws is changed so that the relation exists, the relative position of the screws will be changed and the sides of the threads will approach until the forward or rear end position is reached. When two thread sides of the screws are then in contact, the screws are caused to continue their rotation at such angular velocities that there is again and the relative position of the screws is not changed.
Having now described the means by which the objects of this invention are obtained:
1 claim:
1. Apparatus for subjecting liquid, conveyable semisolid or solid substances to a mechanical or thermal treatment, comprising a casing formed with a feed opening at one end and a product exit at the other end, two parallel and at least partly interengaging conveyor screws mounted within said casing, said screws having the same hand and rotatable in the same direction, the distance (A) between the crests of consecutive convolutions in each screw exceeding the length of the base (B) on the shaft for forming a space (C) on the shaft between the convolutions, drive means for rotating said screws, and means for temporarily changing the angular speed of at least one of the screws while the two screws are rotating to bring opposite pairs of the facing flanks of the blade helices into selective wiping and cleaning engagement.
2. Apparatus as in claim 1, said means for changing the speed being such that the ratio between the angular velocity W of one screw Q having q threads and the angular velocity W of the other screw P having p threads temporarily meets the relation and temporarily meets the relation 3. Apparatus as in claim 2, said means for changing the speed being such that the screws rotate at such angular velocities that the ratio W /W differs from the ratio p/q until adjacent thread sides of the two screws contact, whereafter the screws rotate at such angular velocities that the ratio W /W equals the ratio p/q.
4. Apparatus as in claim 3, one screw being rotated constantly at a constant angular velocity.
5. Apparatus as in claim 4, said other screw, which is not constantly driven at a constant angular velocity, having a higher or lower angular velocity imparted to it by a summing differential gear unit.
6. Apparatus as in claim 5, the main drive motion being imparted to the summing differential gear unit by the screw shaft which is driven at a constant angular velocity.

Claims (6)

1. Apparatus for subjecting liquid, conveyable semisolid or solid substances to a mechanical or thermal treatment, comprising a casing formed with a feed opening at one end and a product exit at the other end, two parallel and at least partly interengaging conveyor screws mounted within said casing, said screws having the same hand and rotatable in the same direction, the distance (A) between the crests of consecutive convolutions in each screw exceeding the length of the base (B) on the shaft for forming a space (C) on the shaft between the convolutions, drive means for rotating said screws, and means for temporarily changing the angular speed of at least one of the screws while the two screws are rotating to bring opposite pairs of the facing flanks of the blade helices into selective wiping and cleaning engagement.
2. Apparatus as in claim 1, said means for changing the speed being such that the ratio between the angular velocity Wq of one screw Q having q threads and the angular velocity Wp of the other screw P having p threads temporarily meets the relation Wq/Wp p/q and temporarily meets the relation Wq/Wp p/q
3. Apparatus as in claim 2, said means for changing the speed being such that the screws rotate at such angular velocities that the ratio Wq/Wp differs from the ratio p/q until adjacent thread sides of the two screws contact, whereafter the screws rotate at such angular velocities that the ratio Wq/Wp equals the ratio p/q.
4. Apparatus as in claim 3, one screw being rotated constantly at a constant angular velocity.
5. Apparatus as in claim 4, said other screw, which is not constantly driven at a constant angular velocity, having a higher or lower angular velocity imparted to it by a summing differential gear unit.
6. Apparatus as in claim 5, the main drive motion being imparted to the summing differential gear unit by the screw shaft which is driven at a constant angular velocity.
US789508A 1968-01-25 1969-01-07 Screw conveyor Expired - Lifetime US3580389A (en)

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US3704076A (en) * 1970-12-16 1972-11-28 Severodonetsky Niihimmash Screw feeder for paste-like materials
US3750211A (en) * 1971-08-16 1973-08-07 Deere & Co Beet-cleaning and conveying apparatus
US3782535A (en) * 1972-06-15 1974-01-01 T Yousch Screw conveyor coil wiper
US4078653A (en) * 1975-09-24 1978-03-14 Alois Suter Rotary piston conveyor with a minimum of two rotors
US4330032A (en) * 1981-03-12 1982-05-18 Edward Koppelman Self-cleaning screw conveyor
US4482253A (en) * 1983-03-28 1984-11-13 Joy Manufacturing Company Rotary material processor
US4676363A (en) * 1982-05-08 1987-06-30 Deutsche Babcock Werke Aktiengesellschaft Arrangement for feeding bulk material tending to cake
US4930968A (en) * 1986-07-28 1990-06-05 Tomas Borglund Method and apparatus for emptying packages, especially bags
US5046666A (en) * 1986-05-15 1991-09-10 Heishin Sobi Kabushiki Kaisha Metering dispenser with screw pump
US5094334A (en) * 1989-09-18 1992-03-10 Reinhold Bobrowski Mechanically driven auger system
US5939027A (en) * 1993-05-27 1999-08-17 Solvay Polyoletins Europe-Belsium (Sa) Process for discharging a reactor
US5967427A (en) * 1997-02-24 1999-10-19 New Holland North America, Inc. All purpose dual auger material spreader
EP0962298A1 (en) * 1998-06-04 1999-12-08 A. Friedr. Flender Ag Drive for twin screw extruder
WO2003093144A2 (en) * 2002-04-29 2003-11-13 Kauppila Richard W Conveyor with heat transfer arrangement
US20030218025A1 (en) * 2002-05-24 2003-11-27 Hawkes Richard Blair Auger apparatus for conveying ice
US20100059205A1 (en) * 2002-04-29 2010-03-11 Kauppila Richard W Cooling arrangement for conveyors and other applications
US20140027095A1 (en) * 2011-03-19 2014-01-30 M.E.E. Gmbh Screw and method for producing same
US8739963B2 (en) 2011-02-11 2014-06-03 Therma-Flite, Inc. Screw-type heat-exchanger system with variable-clocking screw conveyors
US20140190792A1 (en) * 2013-01-08 2014-07-10 Kenki Co., Ltd. Screw conveyor
US20150131399A1 (en) * 2013-11-12 2015-05-14 Zzyzx Polymers LLC Systems and methods of regulating temperature of a solid-state shear pulverization or solid-state melt extrusion device
US9415945B1 (en) * 2015-07-09 2016-08-16 John Potee Whitney Self-cleaning multiple helical auger conveyor for a processor
US20180229197A1 (en) * 2017-02-15 2018-08-16 Wenger Manufacturing, Inc. High thermal transfer hollow core extrusion screw assembly
US10968617B2 (en) * 2019-06-04 2021-04-06 Terry Duperon Lift station maintenance device

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US2788196A (en) * 1951-11-21 1957-04-09 Basf Ag Endless screw conveyors
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Cited By (30)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3704076A (en) * 1970-12-16 1972-11-28 Severodonetsky Niihimmash Screw feeder for paste-like materials
US3750211A (en) * 1971-08-16 1973-08-07 Deere & Co Beet-cleaning and conveying apparatus
US3782535A (en) * 1972-06-15 1974-01-01 T Yousch Screw conveyor coil wiper
US4078653A (en) * 1975-09-24 1978-03-14 Alois Suter Rotary piston conveyor with a minimum of two rotors
US4330032A (en) * 1981-03-12 1982-05-18 Edward Koppelman Self-cleaning screw conveyor
US4676363A (en) * 1982-05-08 1987-06-30 Deutsche Babcock Werke Aktiengesellschaft Arrangement for feeding bulk material tending to cake
US4482253A (en) * 1983-03-28 1984-11-13 Joy Manufacturing Company Rotary material processor
US5046666A (en) * 1986-05-15 1991-09-10 Heishin Sobi Kabushiki Kaisha Metering dispenser with screw pump
US4930968A (en) * 1986-07-28 1990-06-05 Tomas Borglund Method and apparatus for emptying packages, especially bags
US5094334A (en) * 1989-09-18 1992-03-10 Reinhold Bobrowski Mechanically driven auger system
US5939027A (en) * 1993-05-27 1999-08-17 Solvay Polyoletins Europe-Belsium (Sa) Process for discharging a reactor
US5967427A (en) * 1997-02-24 1999-10-19 New Holland North America, Inc. All purpose dual auger material spreader
EP0962298A1 (en) * 1998-06-04 1999-12-08 A. Friedr. Flender Ag Drive for twin screw extruder
US8579014B2 (en) 2002-04-29 2013-11-12 Richard W. Kauppila Cooling arrangement for conveyors and other applications
WO2003093144A3 (en) * 2002-04-29 2006-03-16 Richard W Kauppila Conveyor with heat transfer arrangement
WO2003093144A2 (en) * 2002-04-29 2003-11-13 Kauppila Richard W Conveyor with heat transfer arrangement
US20100059205A1 (en) * 2002-04-29 2010-03-11 Kauppila Richard W Cooling arrangement for conveyors and other applications
US20030218025A1 (en) * 2002-05-24 2003-11-27 Hawkes Richard Blair Auger apparatus for conveying ice
US6860408B2 (en) * 2002-05-24 2005-03-01 Follett Corporation Auger apparatus for conveying ice
US8739963B2 (en) 2011-02-11 2014-06-03 Therma-Flite, Inc. Screw-type heat-exchanger system with variable-clocking screw conveyors
US9290330B2 (en) 2011-02-11 2016-03-22 Therma-Flite, Inc. Screw conveyer system
US20140027095A1 (en) * 2011-03-19 2014-01-30 M.E.E. Gmbh Screw and method for producing same
US20140190792A1 (en) * 2013-01-08 2014-07-10 Kenki Co., Ltd. Screw conveyor
US8985313B2 (en) * 2013-01-08 2015-03-24 Kenki Co., Ltd. Screw conveyor
US20150131399A1 (en) * 2013-11-12 2015-05-14 Zzyzx Polymers LLC Systems and methods of regulating temperature of a solid-state shear pulverization or solid-state melt extrusion device
US9415945B1 (en) * 2015-07-09 2016-08-16 John Potee Whitney Self-cleaning multiple helical auger conveyor for a processor
US20180229197A1 (en) * 2017-02-15 2018-08-16 Wenger Manufacturing, Inc. High thermal transfer hollow core extrusion screw assembly
US10434483B2 (en) * 2017-02-15 2019-10-08 Wenger Manufacturing Inc. High thermal transfer hollow core extrusion screw assembly
US11039629B2 (en) * 2017-02-15 2021-06-22 Wenger Manufacturing Inc. High thermal transfer hollow core extrusion screw assembly
US10968617B2 (en) * 2019-06-04 2021-04-06 Terry Duperon Lift station maintenance device

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Publication number Publication date
GB1190724A (en) 1970-05-06
DE1653872A1 (en) 1972-03-09
DE1653872B2 (en) 1976-04-22

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