US3572288A - Development apparatus - Google Patents

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US3572288A
US3572288A US3572288DA US3572288A US 3572288 A US3572288 A US 3572288A US 3572288D A US3572288D A US 3572288DA US 3572288 A US3572288 A US 3572288A
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means
developer
applicator roll
housing
material
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Lyman H Turner
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Xerox Corp
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Xerox Corp
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03GELECTROGRAPHY; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY; MAGNETOGRAPHY
    • G03G15/00Apparatus for electrographic processes using a charge pattern
    • G03G15/06Apparatus for electrographic processes using a charge pattern for developing
    • G03G15/08Apparatus for electrographic processes using a charge pattern for developing using a solid developer, e.g. powder developer
    • G03G15/09Apparatus for electrographic processes using a charge pattern for developing using a solid developer, e.g. powder developer using magnetic brush

Abstract

APPARATUS TO CONTROL THE STOPPING AND STARTING FUNCTION OF A MAGNETIC BRUSH DEVELOPING SYSTEM IN WHICH THE MAGNETIC BRUSH IS RAPIDLY BROUGHT IN AND OUT OF OPERATIVE CONTACT WITH AN IMAGE BEARING PHOTOCONDUCTIVE SURFACE.

Description

March 23, 1971 1.. H. TURNER 3,572,288

DEVELOPMENT APPARATUS Filed Aug. 7, 1968 3 Sheets-Sheet l IN VENTORS LYMAN H. TURNER ATTORNEY March 23, 1971 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 7, 1968 NR MK v MC V 1 F & T Sw S W 0 l mm Q mm w @R g m \m a mm mm 1| .v I 1 1 m Q Q F m mm nw m mm R mm vw March 23, E971 L. H. TURNER 3,572,283

DEVELOPMENT APPARATUS Filed Aug. 7. 1968 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 United States Patent 3,572,288 DEVELOPMENT APPARATUS Lyman H. Turner, Pittsford, N.Y., assignor to Xerox Corporation, Rochester, N.Y. Filed Aug. 7, 1968, Ser. No. 750,851 Int. Cl. B05b 5/02 US. Cl. 118-637 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Apparatus to control the stopping and starting function of a magnetic brush developing system in which the magnetic brush is rapidly brought in and out of operative contact with an image bearing photoconductive surface.

This invention relates in general to development of a latent electrostatic image and, in particular, to a magnetic brush developing apparatus the development function of which can be rapidly started or stopped.

In the process of xerography, as originally disclosed by Carlson in US. Pat. No. 2,287,691, a plate comprising a conductive backing upon which is placed a photoconductive insulating material is charged uniformly and the photoconductive surface exposed to a light image of an original document to be reproduced. The photoconductive coating is caused to become conductive under the influence of the light image so as to selectively dissipate the electrostatic charge found thereon producing what is known as a latent electrostatic image. The latent image is developed, or made visible, by means of a variety of pigmented resins which have been specifically developed for this purpose. The pigmented resin material, commonly referred to as toner, is electrostatically attracted to the latent image on the photoconductive surface in proportion to the amount of charge found thereon. That is, an area of small charge concentration becomes an area of low toner density while areas of greater charge concentration become proportionally more dense. The developed image is generally transferred to a final support material, as for example paper, and fixed thereto to form a permanent record of the original document.

The principal mechanism for developing the latent electrostatic image in the xerographic process is by means of the classical development-scavenging technique utilizing two-component developer. Two-component developer comprises a finely divided toner material and a relatively coarser carrier material. Opposite electrostatic charges are induced in the materials when they are brought into rubbing contact. The oppositely charged toner is attracted to the larger carrier until such time as the carrier becomes electrostatically satisfied. To develop a latent electrostatic image, as for example on a photoconductive surface, the loaded developer material is caused to flow over the photoconductive surface whereby the toner is mechanically and electrostatically dislodged from the carrier material. The latent electrostatic image exerts a force on the toner material and the toner is attracted into the image areas to selectively develop the image in relation to the amount of charge found thereon. The denuded carrier material, still possessing a charge opposite to that of the toner, seeks to scavenge toner away from the electrostatically relatively weak non-image or background areas resulting in the formation of a clean, sharp, visual reproduction of the original document.

The two primary methods of developing a latent electrostatic image using a two-component developer material are magnetic brush development and cascade development. In both these development systems, sufficient fiow must be maintained within the system to produce proper mixing and tri'boelectrification of the materials.

"ice

Because two-component developer systems are flow-dependent, it is the usual practice in automatic xerographic machines to continually operate the developer system any time the machine is in use such as when a multiple copy run is being made.

In automatic xerography the photoconductive surface is generally continually charged and intermittently imaged. The continuous operation of the developer system has heretofore not been a serious problem in automatic xerography because the equipment Was insensitive to the low density charge fields found between copies and this area was not developed. However, with the advent of new xerographic developing materials and proc essing techniques, it is now possible to develop solid areas of relatively uniform charge density on a photoconductive surface. Automatic machines having this good solid area capability, unless controlled in some manner, will produce unwanted development of the charged but non-imaged solid areas between copies. This unwanted development results in excessive toner consumption in the machine as well as producing a high level of dirt. Furthermore, because this unwanted development is not transferred to a final support material it must in some manner be cleaned from the photoreceptor which poses a serious residual toner cleaning and handling problem.

It is therefore a primary object of this invention to improve apparatus for developing a latent electrostatic image in automatic xerographic machines and in particular machines having a solid area development capability.

Another object of this invention is to provide a twocomponent developing apparatus having the capability of being rapidly started and stopped.

Yet another object of this invention is to reduce the dirt level and the amount of cleaning required in an automatic xerographic machine having solid area capabilities.

A still further object of this invention is to eliminate unwanted development of charged but non-imaged areas in an automatic xerographic machine having solid area capabilities.

These and other objects of the present invention are attained by means of a housing adapted to support a quantity of magnetizable developer material having an opening at the top thereof, means to produce a directional flux field capable of passing through the opening in the top of said housing, the flux producing means being movably positioned in said housing between a first developing position and a second non-developing position, a hollow applicator roll being arranged to contain the flux producing means and adapted to pass through the developer material in the housing and the main flux field, rotating means to move the applicator roll through the developer material and the main flux field so that a brush of developer material is continually maintained in said flux field, means to reposition the flux producing means within the applicator roll from a first developing position to a second non-developing position, and means to collapse the brush when in the non-developing position.

For a better understanding of this invention as well as other objects and further features thereof, reference is had to the following detailed description to be read in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 illustrates schematically an embodiment of the instant invention in an automatic Xerographic reproducing apparatus;

FIG. 2 is a front elevation in partial section showing the development apparatus of the instant invention;

FIG. 3 is a right-hand end view of the development apparatus shown in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a left-hand end view of the development apparatus shown in FIG. 2;

FIG. is a left-hand sectional view of the development apparatus taken along lines 5-5 of FIG. 2 showing the flux producing means in a developing position;

FIG. 6 is a partial sectional view of the development apparatus as shown in FIG. 5 with the flux producing means in a non-developing position;

FIG. 7 is a partial top view of the development apparatus taken along lines 7-7 of FIG. 5.

In the illustrated embodiment of the instant invention a developer housing 14 is shown in an automatic xerographic reproducing machine. The xerographic apparatus comprises a record receiving member in the form of a xerographic drum 10 rotatably mounted in the machine frame by means of shaft 11. The drum is rotated in the direction indicated by the arrow to cause the drum surface to pass sequentially through a plurality of xerographic processing stations.

For the purpose of the present disclosure, the several xerographic processing stations in the path of movement of the drum surface may be described functionally as follows:

A charging station A, at which a uniform electrostatic charge is deposited on the photoconductive surface of the drum and includes a corona charging device 12 having a corona discharge area of one or more corona discharge electrodes that extend transversely across the drum surface and are energized from a high potential source;

An exposure station E, at which a light or radiation pattern of the copy to be reproduced is projected onto the drum surface by means of projector 13 to dissipate the charge on the drum surface in the exposed areas there of to form a latent electrostatic image of the original to be reproduced;

a developing station C, having a magnetic developing system 14 driven by means of motor 22 through chain 23 in which two-component magnetizable developing material is caused to flow in contact with the drum surface so that the toner brought in contact therewith adheres to the latent image to form a powder image of the original document to be reproduced;

A transfer station D, at which the xerographic powder image is electrostatically transferred from the drum surface to a web 15 of final support material by means of a corona discharge device 16 similar to the charge device positioned at the exposure station; and

A drum cleaning station E, at which the drum surface is brushed by means of a natural or synthetic fur brush 20 to remove residual toner particles remaining on the photoconductive surface after image transfer.

The web of support material is held in contact with the drum surface by means of a pair of idler rolls 19. The web is adapted to move at the same peripheral speed as the drum surface by means of a motor acting on take up spool 17. The take up spool, in turn, acts to pull or move a continuous supply of support material from freely rotating supply spool 18 through the transfer station D. A fuser assembly 21 is positioned in close proximity to the moving support material subsequent to the xerographic transfer station. Sufiicient heat energy is provided by the fuser assembly to fix the xerographic toner images to the final support material as the image is passed thereunder.

It is believed that the foregoing description is sufficient for the purposes of this application to show the general operation of a xerographic reproducing apparatus. However, as will be explained in greater detail below, the magnetic brush developer system as herein disclosed is not limited to this particular xerographic device and because of its novel features is applicable in a wide range of machines and environments.

The development apparatus of the present invention includes a main developer housing, generally designated 30, comprising a main shell 31 which is closed at both ends by means of end plates 32 and 33. The main shell of the housing is basically a U-shaped elongated trough-like member in which the bottom section thereof is inclined in relation to horizontal plane. The elongated trough-like area of the main housing is broken into two distinct areas by means of separator plate 34. The housing is divided into a main developer area 35, which is slightly larger than the photoconductive area on the drum surface, and a second supply or reservoir area 36.

The main housing is supported in machine frame 8 by means of two support pads 37 and 38 securely bolted to the machine frame. End plate 33 and divider plate 34 extend below the bottom portion of the developer housing and have horizontal dependent flanges thereon adapted to be securely mounted upon support pads 37 and 38, respectively. The developer housing is supported in the machine frame so that the main developer area within the housing is in close proximity and substantially transverse to the lower portion of drum surface 10.

Positioned in the lower sump portion of the trough are two screw type augers generally designated 40 and 41. The augers are rotatably supported in bearings, such as fiber bearings, mounted in the end plates of housing 30-. Helical feed screws 42 and 43 associated with augers 4t) and 41, respectively, are positioned in parallel relation to each other running substantially across the full length of the bottom of the housing. Openings are provided in the divider plate to permit the augers to transport developer material between the reservoir area and the main de- Weloper area. Delivery auger 40, positioned at the higher elevation in the housing, is rotated in the manner such that feed screw 42 continually moves a flow of developer material from the reservoir area into the development zone while the lower or return auger 41 transports developer material from the developer zone back into the reservoir area.

The shaft portion of augers 41 and 40 extend external end plates 33 having pinion gears 78 and 79, respectively, securely mounted on the terminus end thereof (FIG. 3). The two pinions are driven from a common drive gear mounted on stub shaft 81 rotatably supported in the main developer housing. The mechanical action of the augers against the developer material provides sufficient agitation within the developer material to produce mixing and triboelectrification for the two-component xerographic development.

Positioned in the upper portion of the developer area within the developer housing is an applicator roll, generally designated 50, extending substantially across the length of development area 35. Applicator roll 50 comprises a hollow cylindrical non-magnetic sleeve 51 supported between end caps 52 and 53 and the end caps suitably mounted for rotation in divider plate 34 and end plate 33.

Mounted within the applicator roll sleeve 51 is a permanent magnet 68 constructed of Alnico 5 or other similar magnetic materials. The magnet consists of an elongated north pole piece 60 and equally long elongated south pole piece 61 separated by insulating strip 62. The two pole pieces are positioned in relatively close proximity to each other within the applicator sleeve so as to create a main magnetic flux field 45 which is substantially directional. The length of the magnet is slightly longer than the width of the photoconductive area on the record receiving surface and is positioned so that the main flux field extends at least as long as the photoconductive area on the drum. Although an elongated permanent magnet is shown in this embodiment it should be quite clear that any other type of magnet capable of producing a substantially directional flux field would be perfectly suitable for use in the instant invention.

Magnet 59 is rotatably supported within applicator roll sleeve 51 so that the magnet can be turned independently of the applicator roll. The right-hand end of the magnet, as shown in FIG. 2, is supported upon stub shaft 63 which is rotatably mounted in end cap 53 by means of roller bearings 64. The extended shaft is supported between roller bearing 64, pressed in end cap 52, and bearing blocks 66 affixed in the housing end plate 32. A portion of shaft 65 extends beyond the housing and has secured thereto a lever arm 88, the function of which will be explained in greater detail below.

Stub shaft 81 which drives the delivery and return augers also acts as the main drive shaft for the developer unit. A sprocket 6'5 pinned to shaft 81 transmits the rotational motion delivered from motor 22 through chain 23 to the shaft. A timing pulley 72, also affixed to stub shaft 81, acts through timing belt 73 to drive the applicator roll drive system 56. As shown in FIG. 2, the applicator drive system comprises an electromagnetic clutch 71 operatively connected to driven timing pulley 70. Applicator roll 50 is operatively connected to applicator drive roll assembly 56 by means of coupling 55.

In operation, a continuous flow of developer material is moved from the reservoir area 36 through the development area 35 by means of the rotating delivery and return angers. The rotational speed of the augers is maintained at a level high enough to produce sutficient mechanical agitation to properly mix and triboelectrify the developer material. The developer housing is charged with sufficient developer material so that the applicator roll is partially immersed in the developer material. The applicator roll is immersed sufficiently within the bath of developer material so that the fringe areas of the directional magnetic flux field associated with magnet 59 are felt by the developer material in the housing. The applicator roll as it rotates through the bath of developer material, brings developer material into the main flux field associated with magnet 59 by magnetic and mechanical forces. As the applicator roll moves through the developer material, the mag-netizable particles under the influence of the magnetic flux field are caused to move upwardly into the main flux field to form What is commonly referred to as a magnetic brush. As shown in FIG. 5, the upper delivery auger moves a fresh supply of magnetic developer material transverse to the applicator roll in close proximity to the brush forming area. As the applicator roll continues to rotate the developer material in the brush is caused to move downwardly back into the sump area of the developer housing. In this manner a magnetic brush is continually being formed from fresh developer material as it circulates through the system.

Referring now to FIG. 6 the rotatable magnet is shown positioned in a developing position. Development of a xerographic image is produced on drum surface 10 by directing the main flux field 45 of the magnet towards the drum surface. The applicator roll, and therefore the magnet contained therein, are supported within the developer housing so that the photoconductive area on the drum surface is caused to pass through the main flux field when the magnet is in the developing position as shown in FIG. 6. Magnetic brush 44 continually carries a flow of fresh developer material into contact with the photoconductive surface to develop a latent electrostatic image thereon. The peripheral speed of the applicator roll, and therefore the flow rate at which the magnetic brush is replenished, and the speed of the xerographic drum are related through the integrated drive system so that uniform application of developer material is produced there- In order to rapidly start and stop the development function of the present development apparatus, the magnet is rotated or repositioned from a first developing position in which the main flux field is directed toward a photoconductive surface and a second non-developing position in which the field is directed away from the surface. The magnet, which is free to rotate independently within the applicator roll, is repositioned by means of solenoid SOL-1 mounted on bracket 44 afiixed to end plate 32 of the housing. Shaft 65, connected to the elongated magnet terminates in level arm 88 which is operatively connected to the actuator arm 87 of solenoid SOL-1. Lever arm 88 has a slotted hole 90 machine therein in which pin 89, associated with lever arm 87 of SOL-1 rides. Lever arm 88 is biased into contact with lever arm 87 by means of spring 91 (FIG. 4).

In the magnetic brush apparatus herein described, as in most devices employing two-component developer materials, a powder cloud consisting of free toner material may be formed in the vicinity of the photoconductive surfaces. The powder cloud generally is formed by toner dislodged from the carrier material due to the mechanical interaction of the moving brush and the moving photoconductive surface. As can be seen, this free toner is available to develop a latent electrostatic image on the photoconductive surface. Because this powder cloud developer is not directly related to the brush position, repositioning of the brush alone may not in itself produce an extremely rapid cessation of the development process, especially in high speed apparatus. Powder clouds formed in the vicinity of a photoconductive surface should therefore be suppressed.

When the development apparatus of the instant invention is in a normal development condition, the solenoid actuator arm is raised causing the lever arm 88 associated with the magnet positioned device to assume approximately a horizontal position as shown in FIG. 6. The magnet, which is securely affixed to shaft 65, is being supported in a substantially vertical direction with the main flux field directed at the photoconductive surface. The magnetic brush is formed as heretofore explained and the latent image on the drum surface deve oped. When solenoid SOL-1 is electrically actuated the actuator arm is pulled down causing the elongated magnet and associated flux field to assume the non-developing position as shown in FIG. 5. That is, the magnet is in a position in which the directional flux field is substantially pointed away from the photoconductive surface. A brush collapsing arm 92, pivotally mounted in the main developer housing about pin 93, is at the same time actuated and moves down into close proximity to the applicator roll surface to break down the magnetic brush hairs thereby suppressing the means by which a powder cloud could be formed in the vicinity of the drum surface. Breaking down of the brush fibers also eliminates the danger of stray brush hairs contacting and developing the drum surface. A collar 94 is securely affixed to shaft 65 and positioned adjacent to separator plate 34 as shown in FIGS. 2, 5 and 7. A link 95, rotatably pinned to both the collar and the collapsing arm, moves with shaft 65 as the shaft is rotated between the developing and non-developing position so as to pull the collapsing arm downwardly into the magnetic brush hairs.

As noted, developer material is both mechanically and magnetically pulled from the sump area of housing 30. The mechanical action of the applicator roll as it rotates through the bath of developer material tends to agitate and mechanically drive developer material out of the bath towards the drum surface. This mechanical action of the applicator roll upon the developer material also tends to produce a powder cloud capable of developing unwanted .images on the drum surface regardless of whether the magnet is in a developer non-developed position. In the present invention, the applicator drive assembly 56 is provided with an electromagnetic clutch 71 capable of engaging and disengaging the applicator roll from the main drive system. In operation, electromagnetic clutch 71 (FIG. 2) .is electrically connected in series with the actuating mechanism of solenoid SOL1 so that when the solenoid is pulled downwardly to a non-developing position, the rotation of the applicator roll is stopped.

As can be seen, the present apparatus has the capabilities of rapidly stopping and starting the development function of a magnetic brush developing system, as for example between copies in an automatic reproducing machine, while still maintaining all the advantages associated with the classical xerographic development-scavenging process. The apparatus is capable of moving a continuous flow of properly mixed and triboelectrified developer material through the developing apparatus thus maintaining the system at optimum developing conditions and still having the ability to control the developing functions. Without interrupting this fiow of material through the system, means are provided by which the magnetic brush and any powder cloud that may be associated there with is rapidly moved in and out of developing contact with the photoconductive surface.

While this invention has been described with reference to the structure disclosed therein, it is not confined to the details set forth, and this application ,is intended to cover such modificaions or changes as may come within the purposes of the improvements of the scope of the following claims.

What is claimed is:

1. Apparatus for developing a latent electrostatic image on a photoconductive surface including an elongated housing being adapted to hold a quantity of magnetic developer material therein and having an opening positioned adjacent to the photoconductive surface,

means to produce a continuous flow of developer material through said housing,

a hollow applicator roll positioned in the opening in said housing so that the applicator roll is partially immersed in the developer material supported in said housing,

a magnetic member supported within said applicator roll in a normally fixed operative position producing a main flux field directed substantially towards the photoconductive surface and moveable to an inoperative position which directs the field in a direction angularly displaced from the photoconductive surface,

means to rotate said applicator roll through the developer material and the main flux field to form a brush of developer material in the main flux field contacting the photoconductive surface,

means to angularly displace said magnetic member to an inoperative position within said applicator roll whereby the brush of magnetic material is moved out of developing contact with the photoconductive surface.

2. Apparatus for developing a latent electrostatic image on a photoconductive surface including an elongated housing being adapted to hold a quantity of magnetic developer material therein and having an opening positioned adjacent to the photoconductive surface,

means to produce a continuous flow of developer material through said housing,

a hollow applicator roll positioned in the opening in said housing so that the applicator roll is partially immersed in the developer material supported in said housing,

magnetic means supported within said applicator roll and being capable of producing a main flux field directed substantially towards the photoconductive surface,

means to rotate said applicator roll through the developer material and the main flux field to form a brush of deveolper material in the main flux field capable of contacting the photoconductive surface,

means to reposition said magnet within said applicator roll whereby the brush of magnetic material is moved out of developing contact with the photoconductive surface, and

further means operatively connected with said brush repositioning means to prevent further rotation of said applicator roll when said magnetic brush is moved out of contact with the photoconductive surface.

3. The apparatus of claim 2 wherein said means to prevent further rotation of said applicator roll is an electromagnetic clutch operatively connected to said applicator roll and said means to rotate the roll.

4. Apparatus to develop a latent electrostatic image on a record receiving member including ahousing having an opening therein adjacent to the photoconductive member, said housing being adapted to support a quantity of magnetic developer material therein,

a hollow non-magnetic cylindrical applicator roll rotatably mounted in said opening and being partially immersed in said developer material,

an elongated magnet positioned within said applicator roll being capable of producing a main magnetic flux field substantially directed towards the photoconductive surface, said magnet being independently supported for rotation within said applicator roll,

drive means to rotate said applicator roll sequentially through the developer material and the main flux field whereby a magnetic brush of developer material is continually formed, said brush being of a length capable of contacting the photoconductive surface,

means to rotate said magnet within said applicator roll from a developing position wherein the magnetic brush is in contact with the record receiving member to a second non-developing position wherein said brush is out of contact with said receiving member,

clutching means associated with said applicator drive means and being operatively connected to said last mentioned means to prevent futrher rotation of said applicator roll when the brush is moved to a second position.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,040,704 6/ 1962 Bliss 118637 3,145,122 8/1964 Streich, Sr. 118637 3,167,455 1/1965 Laben et al. 118637 3,176,652 4/1965 Mott et al 118-'6-37 3,392,432 7/1968 Naumann 29-110 PETER FELDMAN, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

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Cited By (32)

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US3648656A (en) * 1969-07-08 1972-03-14 Minolta Camera Kk Dry developer for an electrostatic image developing apparatus
US3743407A (en) * 1970-09-18 1973-07-03 Xerox Corp Compensating cam for use in a copying machine for synchronizing the operation between a developer applicator and an imaging surface
US3825936A (en) * 1972-05-24 1974-07-23 Data Interface Toner applicator for magnetic printing system
JPS505646U (en) * 1973-05-12 1975-01-21
US3872829A (en) * 1972-07-13 1975-03-25 Olivetti & Co Spa Unit for the magnetic brush development of latent electrostatic images
JPS50152637U (en) * 1974-06-03 1975-12-18
US3967892A (en) * 1974-07-26 1976-07-06 Xerox Corporation Development system
JPS53116161A (en) * 1977-03-18 1978-10-11 Toshiba Corp Electrophotographic copier for multicolor image
JPS5463758A (en) * 1978-08-17 1979-05-22 Toshiba Corp Developing device
US4226524A (en) * 1977-11-19 1980-10-07 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Magnetic brush development apparatus for an electrostatic copier
US4270859A (en) * 1979-05-10 1981-06-02 Eltra Corporation Electrophotographic apparatus for providing dry developed output from a typesetter
US4465356A (en) * 1982-03-08 1984-08-14 Eastman Kodak Company Magnetic brush developer apparatus
EP0196231A2 (en) * 1985-03-27 1986-10-01 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Developing apparatus
US4699495A (en) * 1986-11-17 1987-10-13 Eastman Kodak Company Electrographic development apparatus having coordinated gate mechanism and wiper
US4752802A (en) * 1986-06-10 1988-06-21 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Magnetic brush type developing apparatus for development of electrostatic latent image
US4862216A (en) * 1987-01-28 1989-08-29 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Multicolor copying apparatus
US4866474A (en) * 1987-01-23 1989-09-12 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Copying apparatus capable of forming a composite image of an outline image and a normal image
US4884096A (en) * 1987-07-15 1989-11-28 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Multiple color image forming apparatus
US4914486A (en) * 1988-01-19 1990-04-03 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus having simultaneous multicolor copying mode
US4914454A (en) * 1988-04-14 1990-04-03 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Image recording system capable of forming image with different colors in different areas
US4931875A (en) * 1988-04-14 1990-06-05 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Image recording system capable of forming image area by area
US4935779A (en) * 1987-03-25 1990-06-19 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Single scan, multicolor imaging forming apparatus capable of adjusting the image density of each color
US4947210A (en) * 1987-07-01 1990-08-07 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Multi-color copying machine
US4952987A (en) * 1987-02-24 1990-08-28 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Copying machine having plural developing units
US4958190A (en) * 1987-09-14 1990-09-18 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus
US4989049A (en) * 1987-01-26 1991-01-29 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Multi-color image forming apparatus
US5023705A (en) * 1988-01-18 1991-06-11 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Apparatus for forming a three color image including a first, a second, and a black color from two complimentary colors
US5025288A (en) * 1988-11-01 1991-06-18 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus capable of preventing simultaneous rotation of the magnet roll and the developing sleeve
US5041876A (en) * 1987-07-21 1991-08-20 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Multi-color image forming apparatus incorporating selectively operable developing units for one cycle copying
US5066986A (en) * 1988-02-03 1991-11-19 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Image recording system for controlling developing devices
US5115282A (en) * 1987-11-09 1992-05-19 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Copying apparatus capable of copying in two colors simultaneously
US5319334A (en) * 1992-06-04 1994-06-07 Oce-Nederland B.V. Image forming device

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3648656A (en) * 1969-07-08 1972-03-14 Minolta Camera Kk Dry developer for an electrostatic image developing apparatus
US3743407A (en) * 1970-09-18 1973-07-03 Xerox Corp Compensating cam for use in a copying machine for synchronizing the operation between a developer applicator and an imaging surface
US3825936A (en) * 1972-05-24 1974-07-23 Data Interface Toner applicator for magnetic printing system
US3872829A (en) * 1972-07-13 1975-03-25 Olivetti & Co Spa Unit for the magnetic brush development of latent electrostatic images
JPS505646U (en) * 1973-05-12 1975-01-21
JPS50152637U (en) * 1974-06-03 1975-12-18
JPS5616285Y2 (en) * 1974-06-03 1981-04-16
US3967892A (en) * 1974-07-26 1976-07-06 Xerox Corporation Development system
JPS53116161A (en) * 1977-03-18 1978-10-11 Toshiba Corp Electrophotographic copier for multicolor image
US4226524A (en) * 1977-11-19 1980-10-07 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Magnetic brush development apparatus for an electrostatic copier
JPS5463758A (en) * 1978-08-17 1979-05-22 Toshiba Corp Developing device
US4270859A (en) * 1979-05-10 1981-06-02 Eltra Corporation Electrophotographic apparatus for providing dry developed output from a typesetter
US4465356A (en) * 1982-03-08 1984-08-14 Eastman Kodak Company Magnetic brush developer apparatus
EP0196231A2 (en) * 1985-03-27 1986-10-01 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Developing apparatus
EP0196231A3 (en) * 1985-03-27 1987-01-14 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Developing apparatus
US4866480A (en) * 1985-03-27 1989-09-12 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Developing apparatus using one-component non-magnetic toner
US4752802A (en) * 1986-06-10 1988-06-21 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Magnetic brush type developing apparatus for development of electrostatic latent image
US4699495A (en) * 1986-11-17 1987-10-13 Eastman Kodak Company Electrographic development apparatus having coordinated gate mechanism and wiper
US4866474A (en) * 1987-01-23 1989-09-12 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Copying apparatus capable of forming a composite image of an outline image and a normal image
US4989049A (en) * 1987-01-26 1991-01-29 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Multi-color image forming apparatus
US4862216A (en) * 1987-01-28 1989-08-29 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Multicolor copying apparatus
US4952987A (en) * 1987-02-24 1990-08-28 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Copying machine having plural developing units
US4935779A (en) * 1987-03-25 1990-06-19 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Single scan, multicolor imaging forming apparatus capable of adjusting the image density of each color
US4947210A (en) * 1987-07-01 1990-08-07 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Multi-color copying machine
US4884096A (en) * 1987-07-15 1989-11-28 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Multiple color image forming apparatus
US5041876A (en) * 1987-07-21 1991-08-20 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Multi-color image forming apparatus incorporating selectively operable developing units for one cycle copying
US4958190A (en) * 1987-09-14 1990-09-18 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus
US5115282A (en) * 1987-11-09 1992-05-19 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Copying apparatus capable of copying in two colors simultaneously
US5023705A (en) * 1988-01-18 1991-06-11 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Apparatus for forming a three color image including a first, a second, and a black color from two complimentary colors
US4914486A (en) * 1988-01-19 1990-04-03 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus having simultaneous multicolor copying mode
US5066986A (en) * 1988-02-03 1991-11-19 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Image recording system for controlling developing devices
US4931875A (en) * 1988-04-14 1990-06-05 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Image recording system capable of forming image area by area
US4914454A (en) * 1988-04-14 1990-04-03 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Image recording system capable of forming image with different colors in different areas
US5025288A (en) * 1988-11-01 1991-06-18 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus capable of preventing simultaneous rotation of the magnet roll and the developing sleeve
US5319334A (en) * 1992-06-04 1994-06-07 Oce-Nederland B.V. Image forming device

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