US3572045A - Pier assembly - Google Patents

Pier assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
US3572045A
US3572045A US3572045DA US3572045A US 3572045 A US3572045 A US 3572045A US 3572045D A US3572045D A US 3572045DA US 3572045 A US3572045 A US 3572045A
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Prior art keywords
pier
posts
feet
recited
deck
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Expired - Lifetime
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Clifford L Owen
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CLIFFORD L OWEN
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CLIFFORD L OWEN
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/06Moles; Piers; Quay walls; Groynes; Breakwaters Wave dissipating walls; Quay equipment
    • E02B3/068Landing stages for vessels

Abstract

A pier assembly includes pairs of tubular pier supporting posts. The lower ends of the posts are slit to form feet which are bent to extend laterally outwardly and which are provided with a slight twist so that the posts may be screwed securely into the ground, H-shaped pier deck supporting members have vertical legs telescopingly received in the tubular posts and crossmembers for supporting the pier deck. Angle brackets for supporting pier joists or stringers may also be provided on the vertical legs adjacent the crossmember. A tire casing is mounted on the posts and vertical legs to serve as a boat bumper.

Description

i 0 v United States Patent 11 3,57

721 lnventor Clifford Owen FOREIGN PATENTS Hines, Mlllll- 56647 18,580 9/1901 Great Britain 182/183 1 11 pp 767,716 55,497 4/1911 Switzerland 182/183 [22] Filed Primary Examiner-J Karl Bell [45] Patented Man 1971 Attorney-Robert l. Lainof v l 1 s4 PIER ASSEMBLY 7 Claims, 9 Drawing Figs. 521 0.8. CI...... 61/48,

' I 114/219, 248/156, 248/ 188-8 ABSTRACT: A pier assembly includes pairs of tubular pier Int. Cl... ..L supporting osts The ends of the posts are slit to formotsemh-ulnu' u 46, fee are bent to extend laterally outwardly and 52;182/179,1'81108,183i243/156J887, are provided with a slight twist so that the posts may be 1889} 52/156, 9 14/219 screwed securely into the ground, H-shaped pier deck supporting members have vertical legs telescopingly received in [56] References cued the tubular posts andcrossmembers for supporting the pier UNITED STATES PATENTS deck. Angle brackets for supporting pier joists or stringers l,2l4,679 2/1917 Hindmarsh; 52/156 may also be provided on the vertical legs adjacent the cross- 2,564,l23 8/1951 Melges et a]; 61/48 member. A tire casing is mounted on the posts and vertical 3,345,825 10/1967 Parker 61/48 legs to serve as a boat bumper.

PATENTEDHARZSIQYI 35721045 sum 1 BF 3 INVENTOR CLIFFORD L. OWEN ATTORNEY SHEET 2 OF 3 PATENTEUHAR23197I I INVBNTOR CLIFFORD L. OWEN BYW/W ATTORNEY PATENTEDHAR23 m I I 8572,045

sum 3 P 3.

CLIFFORD L. OWEN ATTORNEY PIER ASSEMBLY BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to pier assemblies and, more particularly, to pier assemblies which may be readily erected and dismantled for easy removal to different locations and which are easily adjusted without dismantling for change in water level.

A number of portable piers or docks of this character have been proposed in the prior art. In U.S. Pat. No. 2,564,123, for example, a pier assembly includes a lower assembly comprised of a pair of tubular vertical posts having relatively broad ground plates engaged with the ground and rod extensions serving as ground piercers. An upper H-shaped assembly has vertical legs telescopingly received in the vertical posts and a crossmember serves to support the pier dock.

While pier assemblies of this type are satisfactory in certain environments, they have drawbacks where the bottom of the body of water in which the pier is to be erected is sandy. The relatively thin ground piercing rod maynot sufficiently resist lateral forces in sandy soil. In addition, the prior art posts are somewhat costly, since they are made of three parts-the tubular portion, the ground plate, and the ground piercingrod- --which must be welded together. Also, the depth of penetration of the ground piercing rods is fixed in advance and is not easily adjusted.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is accordingly an object of the invention to provide an improved pier assembly.

More specifically, it is an object of the invention to provide a readily demountable pier assembly having improved pier supporting posts.

A related object is the provision of pier supporting posts which are relatively inexpensive, being made of a single member, which are readily turned or worked into the bottom of a body of water, and which will provide improved resistance to lateral forces.

Briefly, according to the invention, this is accomplished by providing the vertical pier supporting posts with integral feet formed by slitting the lower end thereof and bending out the feet thus formed with a slight twist. The post may then be turned or worked into the ground in the manner of an auger and the feet will provide a stable base for the post. In order to facilitate screwing the post into the ground, a cross rod or handle may be inserted through aligned holes provided near the top end of the post.

Since it is frequently desirable, to provide a pier with bumpers to resist the shock to colliding boats, it is also contemplated by the invention that the tire casing be positioned with the post extending through a hole in the tire tread wall and the upper end of the vertical leg of the II-shaped member being abutted against the inner surface of the tread wall at a point diametrically opposedto the hole.

The foregoing and other objects, advantages, and features of the invention and the manner in which the same are accomplished will become more readily'apparent upon consideration of the following detailed description of the invention when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, which illustrated preferred and exemplary embodiments.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF TI-IE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a pier assembly of the invention;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing a pier subassembly of the invention;

FIG. 3 is a bottom view of a pier supporting post of the invention;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged partial perspective view of a supporting post of the invention;

FIG. 5 is a partial perspective view showing a detail of an additional embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 6 is a section view of a detail of the other embodiment of the invention, the section line being taken transversely to a crossmember thereof;

FIG. 7 is a partial perspective view of the additional embodiment;

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the additional embodiment, fully assembled; and

FIG. 9 is a perspective view showing how pier sections may be added to the additional embodiment.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Turning to FIG. 1, it will be seen that a pier assembly of the invention comprises a plurality of pier subassembly 10 which support a pier deck 12. With reference to FIG. 2, it will be noted that a pier subassembly 10 comprises a pair of vertical pier supporting posts 14. Each of the pier supporting posts comprises an upper tubular portion 16 and a plurality of feet 18 at the lower end thereof. Although 5 such feet are shown, it will be understood that this is an example only and 2, 3 or 4 feet may be employed. The feet are formed by slitting the lower end of tubular member 16 and then bending out the feet 18 to extend laterally outwardly therefrom. As is more clearly shown in FIG. 4, the feet are shaped-with a slight twist so that the posts may be screwed, in the manner of an auger, into the ground forming the bottom of the body water in which the pier is to be erected. This is illustrated in FIG. 2 where thelower ends of the tubular portions 16 of posts 14 are shown below sandy bottom 20 with the feet 18 located below ground to form a stable base for the posts 14. The upper ends of posts I4 extend above the water surface 22. In order to facilitate the screwing of the posts into the ground a pair of aligned holes 24 are provided near, but below, the upper end of tubular member 16. A handle or rod member 26 may be inserted through holes 24 so that a person may turn posts 14 with sufficient torque for readily screwing them into the ground by virtue of the twist given to feet 18.

A pier deck supporting member 28 is of I-l-shape and has a pair of vertical legs 30 and 32, the lower ends of which are telescopingly received in the upper ends of tubular members 16. The pier deck supporting member 28 also includes a crossmember 34 which is welded to vertical legs 30 and 32 to form a rigid integral I-I-shaped member. When legs 30 and 32 are positioned within posts 14, the crossmernber 34 abuts against the upper ends of posts 14 to limit downward movement of the pier deck supporting member 28.

As shown in FIG. 1, the pier deck 12 may be formed of a plurality of deck planks 36 which restupon and bridge across crossmembers 34.

In order to erect a pier, a post 14 is first augered into the ground by inserting handle or rod 26 through openings 24 and turning the post until the upper end thereof is at a proper vertical elevation. In like manner, a second post 14 is screwed into the ground to bring its upper end at the same level. A pier deck supporting member 28 is then positioned with its vertical legs 30 and 32 respectively telescopingly received in the upper ends of tubular members 16 of posts 14. Additional pier subassemblies 10 of this character are provided in the same way and are positioned in alignment with the first one installed so that the pier deck 12 may be bridged across successive crossmembers 34. It is understood, of course, that the posts 14 are all augered into the ground to such an extent that the upper ends of tubular portions 16 are all at substantially the same vertical elevation. The posts may be of varying lengths suited to the water depth. If slight adjustments in elevation need be made, this is readily accomplished by turning turning the posts by means of rod 26.

It is sometimes desirable to provide a bumper on a pier to absorb the shock caused when boats collide against the pier. In the present invention, this is accomplished by providing a tire casing 50. The tire casing has a tread wall 52 through which a hole 54 is provided to be positioned over the tubular member 16 of post 14 with a snug fit. The upper end of vertical leg 32 is engaged against the inner surface of tread wall 52 at a point diametrically opposed to hole 54. Although only one such bumper is provided in the pier shown in FIG. 1, it is to be understood that each of the posts and corresponding vertical legs may be provided with a tire casing bumper of this character. The tire casing bumper may be pivoted in any convenient direction permitted by crossmember 34 so that, for example, tire casing bumpers provided along the side of the pier may be positioned parallel thereto, or, if sufficient space is permitted between pier deck 12 and the posts 14, in a direction perpendicular to the pier deck. Thus, as shown, the tire casing is locked into position by the lower post passing through the hole.

It is sometimes necessary to provide a more stable support for the pier deck 12. To this end, in the embodiment shown in FIGS. 5, 6, 7, and 8, an angle bracket 38 is secured, as by welding, to pier deck supporting member 28 adjacent to the connection of crossmember 34 to each of the vertical legs. While this is shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 with respect to leg 32, it is to be understood that a similar angle bracket may be secured to the other vertical leg 30. The angle bracket 28 has a vertical wall 40 and a horizontal wall 42. In addition, nail holes 44 are provided through vertical wall 40 for a purpose which will be presently explained.

Referring now to FIG. 6, it will be noted that a pier deck supporting joist or stringer 46 may be positioned on angle bracket 38. Joist 46 rests upon horizontal wall 42 of bracket 38, having a cutout portion 48 for fitting the joist over crossmember 34, and may be secured to angle bracket 38 by providing nails or screws through openings 44. In this embodiment of the invention, it is contemplated that the deck be provided as transversely extending decking 49 supported on joists 46.

As shown in FIG. 7, successive sections 60 of the pier may be employed. In this case, the joists 47 of one pier section may be positioned inside the joists 46 of an adjacent section. To this end, the horizontal wall 42 of angle bracket 28 should be sufficiently wide as to support the side-by-side joists 46 and 47.

It is possible, with respect to the pier embodiment of FIGS. 5, 6, 7 and 8, to preassemble the pier sections 60 which may then be installed one at a time by a single workman. This is illustrated in FIG. 9 where a dolly 62 has been employed to transport an assembled pier section 60 to the end of the existing pier. It will be noted from this FIG. that pier section 60 has a pier subassembly 10 secured to one end with joists 47 cantilevered therefrom with decking 49 mounted on the joists. The free end of joists 47 is deposited on the end of the existing pier from dolly 62, and pier section 60 is then pivoted by the workman to drop posts 14 into the water until the feet at the bottom end thereof become engaged with the bottom of the body of water in which the pier is being erected. The posts may then be augered into the ground and adjusted to the proper elevation in the manner described above.

While preferred embodiments of the invention have been shown and described, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that changes can be made without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims.

Iclairn:

1. A pier assembly comprising a plurality of vertical pier supporting posts constituted by an upright tubular member carrying at its lower end a plurality of outwardly extending feet, said feet forming a base for said posts, each of said feet having side edges, one edge facing in one circular direction and the other edge facing in the opposite circular direction, said feet being slightly twisted about the axis of the foot so that the side edges of the feet facing in one circular direction are all lower than the side edges of the feet facing in the opposite circular direction so that said posts may be screwed into the ground forming the bottom of a body of water to support the posts and position the upper end of the posts at a proper vertical elevation. I

2. A pier assembly as recited in claim 1, in which the lower end of said tubular member is slit vertically to form a plurality of feet which are bent outwardly and twisted to form said outwardly extending feet.

3. A pier assembly as recited in claim 1, wherein said tubular member is provided with a pair of aligned transverse openings at a point near, but below, the upper end thereof and a rod is provided through said aligned openings to serve as a handle for screwing said post into the ground.

4. A pier assembly as recited in claim 1, comprising a pair of said posts and an l-I-shaped deck supporting member, said l-lshaped member having a first vertical leg telescopingly engaged into one of said posts, a second vertical leg telescopingly engaged into the other of said posts, and a crossmember extending between said legs and adapted to support a pier deck.

5. A pier assembly as recited in claim 4, wherein said H- shaped member further comprises an angle bracket secured to one of said vertical legs adjacent to said crossmember to provide a horizontal support below the level of said crossmember for receiving a pier deck supporting joist or stringer.

6. A pier assembly as recited in claim 4, comprising additional pairs of said posts, additional corresponding H-shaped members telescopingly engaged therewith, and a pier deck bridged across and supported on the crossmembers of said I-lshaped members.

7. A pier assembly as recited in claim 4, further comprising a pier bumper, said bumper comprising a tire casing having an opening through the tread wall thereof engaged about one of said posts adjacent to the upper end thereof, the upper end of the corresponding vertical leg of said H-shaped member being engaged against the inner surface of the tread wall of said casing at a point diametrically opposed to said opening.

Claims (7)

1. A pier assembly comprising a plurality of vertical pier supporting posts constituted by an upright tubular member carrying at its lower end a plurality of outwardly extending feet, said feet forming a base for said posts, each of said feet having side edges, one edge facing in one circular direction and the other edge facing in the opposite circular direction, said feet being slightly twisted about the axis of the foot so that the side edges of the feet facing in one circular direction are all lower than the side edges of the feet facing in the opposite circular direction so that said posts may be screwed into the ground forming the bottom of a body of water to support the posts and position the upper end of the posts at a proper vertical elevation.
2. A pier assembly as recited in claim 1, in which the lower end of said tubular member is slit vertically to form a plurality of feet which are bent outwardly and twisted to form said outwardly extending feet.
3. A pier assembly as recited in claim 1, wherein said tubular member is provided with a pair of aligned transverse openings at a point near, but below, the upper end thereof and a rod is provided through said aligned openings to serve as a handle for screwing said post into the ground.
4. A pier assembly as recited in claim 1, comprising a pair of said posts and an H-shaped deck supporting member, said H-shaped member having a first vertical leg telescopingly engaged into one of said posts, a second vertical leg telescopingly engaged into the other of said posts, and a crossmember extending between said legs and adapted to support a pier deck.
5. A pier assembly as recited in claim 4, wherein said H-shaped member further comprises an angle bracket secured to one of said vertical legs adjacent to said crossmember to provide a horizontal support below the level of said crossmember for receiving a pier deck supporting joist or stringer.
6. A pier assembly as recited in claim 4, comprising additional pairs of said posts, additional corresponding H-shaped members telescopingly engaged therewith, and a pier deck bridged across and supported on the crossmembers of said H-shaped members.
7. A pier assembly as recited in claim 4, further comprising a pier bumper, said bumper comprising a tire casing having an opening through the tread wall thereof engaged about one of said posts adjacent to the upper end thereof, the upper end of the corresponding vertical leg of said H-shaped member being engaged against the inner surface of the tread wall of said casing at a point diametrically opposed to said opening.
US3572045A 1968-10-15 1968-10-15 Pier assembly Expired - Lifetime US3572045A (en)

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3841104A (en) * 1973-09-10 1974-10-15 B Hufford Removable dock
US3905199A (en) * 1974-01-07 1975-09-16 Jr Myle J Holley Footed dolphins
US4033006A (en) * 1974-05-11 1977-07-05 Dr. -Ing. H.C.F. Porsch Aktiengesellschaft Swingable support leg for a bridge
US4048752A (en) * 1975-11-24 1977-09-20 Howard Anderson Supports
US4290260A (en) * 1979-12-26 1981-09-22 Felice Lowenstein High denier non-plied frieze yarn and method of making the same
US4776726A (en) * 1988-01-11 1988-10-11 Versel Viles Dock construction
US4883013A (en) * 1989-05-01 1989-11-28 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Portable, rapid installable dolphin system
EP0352204A1 (en) * 1988-07-22 1990-01-24 Henri Poels Method and device for securing landing-stages on piles
US5000620A (en) * 1990-03-27 1991-03-19 Bonnema Mark W Adjustable pier system
US5106237A (en) * 1990-01-09 1992-04-21 Meldrum Charles R Submersible marine dock system and method
US6428242B1 (en) 2000-11-08 2002-08-06 Terry D. Ward Folding support for removable piers and similar structures
US6558083B1 (en) * 2001-03-30 2003-05-06 Eric F. Quandt Dock installation and removal apparatus and method
US6578301B1 (en) * 2001-10-10 2003-06-17 Greg Ericson Bi-directional visual display assembly
US6715503B2 (en) * 2001-05-22 2004-04-06 Wright Ventures, Llc Umbrella with an integral anchoring structure
US20050279391A1 (en) * 2001-05-22 2005-12-22 Wright Ventures, Llc Umbrella with an integral anchoring structure
US20050284040A1 (en) * 2004-06-03 2005-12-29 Nippon Light Metal Company, Ltd. Pedestal unit, raised floor skeleton structure, method of installing pedestal unit, and method of producing pedestal frame
US20060032522A1 (en) * 2001-05-22 2006-02-16 Wright Ventures, Llc Umbrella with integral anchoring structure
US20070089345A1 (en) * 2001-10-10 2007-04-26 Greg Ericson Thin profile illuminated bi-directional visual display
US20080298900A1 (en) * 2007-03-20 2008-12-04 Keating Joseph W Method and system for constructing and installing docks
US8002126B1 (en) * 2009-12-18 2011-08-23 Jerry Drum Portable surf board rack and holder
US20150218766A1 (en) * 2014-02-05 2015-08-06 Real GARANT Dock installation apparatus and method
USD738102S1 (en) 2014-03-24 2015-09-08 Jgr Copa Llc Umbrella standpost with auger

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB190118580A (en) * 1901-09-17 1901-11-16 John Peter Duer Improvements in Adjustable Supports for Scaffolding, Staging and the like
CH55497A *
US1214679A (en) * 1915-10-23 1917-02-06 American Steel & Wire Co Anchor for fence-posts.
US2564123A (en) * 1948-04-15 1951-08-14 Frederick J Melges Transportable dock
US3345825A (en) * 1965-01-18 1967-10-10 Louis F Parker Portable dock

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH55497A *
GB190118580A (en) * 1901-09-17 1901-11-16 John Peter Duer Improvements in Adjustable Supports for Scaffolding, Staging and the like
US1214679A (en) * 1915-10-23 1917-02-06 American Steel & Wire Co Anchor for fence-posts.
US2564123A (en) * 1948-04-15 1951-08-14 Frederick J Melges Transportable dock
US3345825A (en) * 1965-01-18 1967-10-10 Louis F Parker Portable dock

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3841104A (en) * 1973-09-10 1974-10-15 B Hufford Removable dock
US3905199A (en) * 1974-01-07 1975-09-16 Jr Myle J Holley Footed dolphins
US4033006A (en) * 1974-05-11 1977-07-05 Dr. -Ing. H.C.F. Porsch Aktiengesellschaft Swingable support leg for a bridge
US4048752A (en) * 1975-11-24 1977-09-20 Howard Anderson Supports
US4290260A (en) * 1979-12-26 1981-09-22 Felice Lowenstein High denier non-plied frieze yarn and method of making the same
US4776726A (en) * 1988-01-11 1988-10-11 Versel Viles Dock construction
FR2634504A1 (en) * 1988-07-22 1990-01-26 Poels Henri Method and implantation device platforms on piles
EP0352204A1 (en) * 1988-07-22 1990-01-24 Henri Poels Method and device for securing landing-stages on piles
US4883013A (en) * 1989-05-01 1989-11-28 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Portable, rapid installable dolphin system
US5106237A (en) * 1990-01-09 1992-04-21 Meldrum Charles R Submersible marine dock system and method
US5000620A (en) * 1990-03-27 1991-03-19 Bonnema Mark W Adjustable pier system
US6428242B1 (en) 2000-11-08 2002-08-06 Terry D. Ward Folding support for removable piers and similar structures
US6558083B1 (en) * 2001-03-30 2003-05-06 Eric F. Quandt Dock installation and removal apparatus and method
US20060032522A1 (en) * 2001-05-22 2006-02-16 Wright Ventures, Llc Umbrella with integral anchoring structure
US7007703B2 (en) 2001-05-22 2006-03-07 Wright Ventures, Llc Umbrella with an integral anchoring structure
US6715503B2 (en) * 2001-05-22 2004-04-06 Wright Ventures, Llc Umbrella with an integral anchoring structure
US8191561B2 (en) 2001-05-22 2012-06-05 B's Knees, Llc Umbrella with integral anchoring structure
US20050279391A1 (en) * 2001-05-22 2005-12-22 Wright Ventures, Llc Umbrella with an integral anchoring structure
US20040177875A1 (en) * 2001-05-22 2004-09-16 Wright Ventures, Llc. Umbrella with an integral anchoring structure
US6578301B1 (en) * 2001-10-10 2003-06-17 Greg Ericson Bi-directional visual display assembly
US20030196359A1 (en) * 2001-10-10 2003-10-23 Greg Ericson Bi-directional visual display assembly
US20070089345A1 (en) * 2001-10-10 2007-04-26 Greg Ericson Thin profile illuminated bi-directional visual display
US7272902B2 (en) 2001-10-10 2007-09-25 Ericson Group, Inc. Bi-directional visual display assembly
US7627969B2 (en) 2001-10-10 2009-12-08 Ericson Group, Inc. Thin profile illuminated bi-directional visual display
US20050284040A1 (en) * 2004-06-03 2005-12-29 Nippon Light Metal Company, Ltd. Pedestal unit, raised floor skeleton structure, method of installing pedestal unit, and method of producing pedestal frame
US20080298900A1 (en) * 2007-03-20 2008-12-04 Keating Joseph W Method and system for constructing and installing docks
US7976244B2 (en) * 2007-03-20 2011-07-12 Keating Joseph W Method and system for constructing and installing docks
US8157110B1 (en) 2009-12-18 2012-04-17 Jerry Drum Portable surfboard rack and holder
US8002126B1 (en) * 2009-12-18 2011-08-23 Jerry Drum Portable surf board rack and holder
US20150218766A1 (en) * 2014-02-05 2015-08-06 Real GARANT Dock installation apparatus and method
US9938679B2 (en) * 2014-02-05 2018-04-10 Real GARANT Dock installation apparatus and method
USD738102S1 (en) 2014-03-24 2015-09-08 Jgr Copa Llc Umbrella standpost with auger

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