US35685A - Improvement in repeating fire-arms - Google Patents

Improvement in repeating fire-arms Download PDF

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US35685A
US35685A US35685DA US35685A US 35685 A US35685 A US 35685A US 35685D A US35685D A US 35685DA US 35685 A US35685 A US 35685A
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bar
breech
barrel
gun
arms
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/38Loading arrangements, i.e. for bringing the ammunition into the firing position
    • F41A9/45Loading arrangements, i.e. for bringing the ammunition into the firing position the cartridge chamber or the barrel as a whole being tiltable or transversely slidable between a loading and a firing position

Description

P. J. JARRE. 4Breach-Loadngv Fire-Arm.
" Patented June 24, 1862.
www
1 l NWN m MKW R l @NW3 'INVENTOR y UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE- J. JARRE, OF PARIS, FRANCE.
IMPROVEMENTiN REPEATING FIRE-ARMS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 35,685, dated June 24, 1862.
` arms, asv to enable them through one barrel to be fired successively a given number of times without any time being consumed for the loading, swabbing, cocking, &c. A
My improved gun presents the'advantage of being easily and economically manufactured, and its essential and characteristic feature consists in the contrivance of a piece independent from the gun or pistol, whereby the loading or charging of the gun is effected, said piece being readily adjustable to the gun and operated by a mechanism located either laterally above or below the barrel, whereby the cartridges are brought successively in apposition to the barrel, and when so brought in apposition thereto the cap is exploded and the charge forced into and out of the barrel.
In the annexed drawings, Figure lis a longitudinal section of a fowling-piece with my improvement applied to it. Figs. 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 represent views of lthe breech-bar upon all its faces. Figs. 7 and 8 are two views of a piece of adjustment for establishing permanent contact between the rear extremity of the barrel and the orifices of the breech-bar that correspond to and with the cartridges. Fig. 9 is an end view of the guide-bar, and Figs. l0, 11, and 12 are detail views of the rack that simultaneously actuates both the hammer to be cocked and the breech-bar to slide the distance necessary to place anew car tridge in rear of the barrel.
To enable others skilled in the artto make and use my improvement, Ishall now proceed to describe its construction and operation.
The trigger a, pivoted at b', is provided with a cogged segment meshing in with a rack fixed to the under side of the slide-piece b, capable 'the breech-bar. When the slide-piece b advances the hook e falls in with and catches the tail f of the hammer c, and causes the latter to rise until by the action of the mainspring In it becomes locked. The hammer is dropped and caused to strike the cap, if there be any, by the pulling of the trigger-spring still farther back, thus forcing the mainspring to resume its former position, and the hook e to release the tail f. The hammer when cocked is on a level with the sight-piece. It therefore does not interfere with the taking of aim. To facilitate the movements and operations of the hammer it may be provided with a frictionroller, as shown in the drawings. f
The hammer, trigger, slide-rack, and the several springs above referred to are all inclosed in a common gun-lock case, n, which is screwed to the butt o in the usual manner. Between the gun-lock and there-ar end of the barrel q is located the guide-bar p. This guide-bar is screwed onto the barrel, and is furnished with a ring, r, which is interposed vto secure contact between the orifices of the breech-bar and that of the barrel, and which is'provided with projections W to allow the escape of the gases engendered by the ignition of the powder during the act of cooking. By this arrangement the advantage is gained that numerous successive discharges of the gun may be eected without heating the band. rlhe 'ring if is shown in detail in Figs. 7 and 8, and in Fig. 9 it is represented in connection with the guide-bar. The two pieces are held together by means of the screws s, which also serve as the means of adjustment in case wear, in consequence of constant friction, should have rendered the tit or contact of the parts imperfect. i
The guide-bar is united with the lock-oase an d the barrel by means ofa screw. rlhe guard t is fixed to the case a and the gun-stock c.
The breech-bar represented in Figs. 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 is of a rectangular form, and is provided with cylindrical openings which are destined to receive the cartridges. The openings are somewhat contracted in front, so that the projectile shall be compressed on being thrust out of the cartridge-case. One of the sides of the breech-bar is made of a movable face-plate. It is pivoted at one corner. By turning this plate on the pivot the orifices will be disclosed to receive the cartridges. When the cartridges are placed in their proper positions they are kept iu place by means of la'latch, c', arranged upon one of the smaller sides or faces of the bar.
Gams or inclined planes a are set onto or cut into the under face of the breech-bar, for the purpose of being acted upon by the spring g fast in the slide b. Projections b' are arranged upon the face opposite. They present concave surfaces, and are designed to support the hammer during the intervals between the successive charges, and to allow the transverse sliding of breech-bar while the hammer is at rest-. c., before its being cocked.
The cartridges used in connection with this gun may be the ordinary metallic case, or preferably a cartridge 'made partly of paper and partly of metal, the bottombeing in the form ofa cap which contains a pin that when actuated by the hammer is depressed with c onsiderable force into a cavity, cup, or receptacle of v fulminate of mercury or other explosive compound by which the powder in the paper cylinder is ignited.
Having thus fully described the construction, arrangement, and combination of theparts constituting my improved gun, the operation will be readily understood and needs no spef cial comment-sufce to say, that the gunner may have several breech-bars for each gun. These bars may be charged and held in readiness to be used in quick succession. Onegun may be worked effectively by two men, one constantly loading the breech bars, while the other is iring the gun almost without any intermission.
I do not connc myself to any given uumber of openings in the breech-bar, it being ob- Avious that this may be varied according to the judgment ofthe manufacturtr. I have found that two sizes-viz., with four or with ten car tridges-answer all possible requirements.
In conclusion, I would observe that a gun constructed according to the principle of my invention is capable of being tired successively any given number of times Without liability of heatin g the barrel. This will be readily understood from the f'act that the gases generated by the combustion of the powder, after imparting the necessary initial velocity to the ball l or projectile, will escape sidewise through the openings purposely provided in the breech-bar. The barrel therefore acts merely as the directing agent of the ball, and no deposit of any kind will settle therein. It therefore does not require cleaning or swabbing, likemost ofthe guns. Moreover, the breech-bar is kept comparatively clean by the current of air which is permitted immediately after Iiring to sweep through the said opening.
Having thus described my invention, I shall state my claims as follows:
1. The combination, with the trigger a., of the. slide-piece b, when the latter is arranged in relation to the hammer and the breech-bar so as to actuate them to operate by the pulling of the trigger, in the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.
2. In combination with the adjustable breechbar constructed and operating as described, the packing-rin g r, when located between the breech-bar and the rear part of the barrel, and when arranged substantially in the manner and for the purposes herein set forth.
3. The construction and arrangement ofthe breech-bar, the same consisting of a series of cartridge-chambers set in the slide-frame provided with suitable cams, in combination with the movable rear plate, latch, and other essential appurtenances, as herein described.
In testimony whereofI have signed my name to this specication before two subscribin witnesses.
J. JAHRE.
Witnesses:
Gao. HUr'roN, EMILE BANAULT.
US35685D Improvement in repeating fire-arms Expired - Lifetime US35685A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6102260A (en) * 1996-11-21 2000-08-15 Psc Technologies, Inc. Impact pad
US6156260A (en) * 1996-11-21 2000-12-05 Psc Technologies, Inc. Chamber for reception, lateral division and redirection of liquid metal flow
US20030057776A1 (en) * 2001-09-25 2003-03-27 Fuji Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Power system for automobiles
US20040041312A1 (en) * 2002-09-04 2004-03-04 Connors Charles W Tundish impact pad
US20040135298A1 (en) * 2001-05-22 2004-07-15 Dong Xu Impact pad for dividing and distributing liquid metal flow
US20150184961A1 (en) * 2012-05-11 2015-07-02 Daniel Cantrell Handheld firearms with indexed magazine and compact firing mechanism

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6102260A (en) * 1996-11-21 2000-08-15 Psc Technologies, Inc. Impact pad
US6156260A (en) * 1996-11-21 2000-12-05 Psc Technologies, Inc. Chamber for reception, lateral division and redirection of liquid metal flow
US20040135298A1 (en) * 2001-05-22 2004-07-15 Dong Xu Impact pad for dividing and distributing liquid metal flow
US20030057776A1 (en) * 2001-09-25 2003-03-27 Fuji Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Power system for automobiles
US20040041312A1 (en) * 2002-09-04 2004-03-04 Connors Charles W Tundish impact pad
US20150184961A1 (en) * 2012-05-11 2015-07-02 Daniel Cantrell Handheld firearms with indexed magazine and compact firing mechanism
US9103609B2 (en) * 2012-05-11 2015-08-11 Daniel Cantrell Handheld firearms with indexed magazine and compact firing mechanism

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