US3566568A - Cellular blocks with cover of sheet material - Google Patents

Cellular blocks with cover of sheet material Download PDF

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Publication number
US3566568A
US3566568A US3566568DA US3566568A US 3566568 A US3566568 A US 3566568A US 3566568D A US3566568D A US 3566568DA US 3566568 A US3566568 A US 3566568A
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Prior art keywords
blocks
sheet material
cover
building construction
faces
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Joseph Slobodian
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Phoenixville Lumber Co
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C1/00Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings
    • E04C1/40Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings built-up from parts of different materials, e.g. composed of layers of different materials or stones with filling material or with insulating inserts
    • E04C1/41Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings built-up from parts of different materials, e.g. composed of layers of different materials or stones with filling material or with insulating inserts composed of insulating material and load-bearing concrete, stone or stone-like material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/24Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element the walls being characterised by fillings in some of the cavities forming load-bearing pillars or beams
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0202Details of connections
    • E04B2002/0204Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04B2002/0208Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections of trapezoidal shape

Abstract

A BUILDING CONSTRUCTION IS SHOWN HAVING BLOCKS FOR VERTICAL ASSEMBLY TO PROVIDE A WALL, THE BLOCKS HAVING FACINGS OR COVERS HELD ONTO THE BLOCKS BY FLANGES ENGAGED IN LONGTUDINAL GROOVES IN THE TOP AND BOTTOM OF THE BLOCKS AND WITH KEYS ENGAGING THE FLANGES. THE BLOCKS ARE OF LIGHT WEIGHT SYNTHETIC PLASTIC MATERIAL AND THE FACINGS OR COVERS ARE OF SYNTHETIC PLASTIC SHEET MATERIAL. THE BLOCKS HAVE COMMUNICATING OPENINGS FOR INSERTION OF REINFORCING RODS AND FOR THE POURING OF CONCRETE THEREIN TO STRENGTHEN AND RETAIN THE BLOCKS IN ASSEMBLED RELATION.

Description

March 2, 1971 J. SLOBODIAN 3,565,568

CELLULAR BLOCKS WITH COVER OF SHEET MATERIAL Filed April 28, 1969 M 7 2mm 0 m5 w i 9 J m S 0 J I I I I I WWMM/M/AK\\\\NA United States Patent Office Patented Mar. 2, 1971 3,566,568 CELLULAR BLOCKS WITH COVER OF SHEET MATERIAL Joseph Slobodian, Malvern, Pa. Phoenixville Lumber Co., 405 Bridge St., Phoenixville, Pa. 19460) Filed Apr. 28, 1969, Ser. No. 819,571 Int. Cl. E04b 2/46, 2/48; E040 2/10 US. Cl. 52-309 11 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the invention This invention relates to building construction and more particularly to improved blocks for assembly in walls and the like and having facings or coverings thereon.

Description of the prior art It has heretofore been proposed as in my prior patent No. 2,453,466 to provide the light weight building blocks with a sustaining and strengthening filling of concrete poured after the blocks have been erected.

No wholly satisfactory light weight wall construction has been provided not only because of the difficulty of providing an attractive appearance but because of difficulties in weather proofing and waterproofing.

SUMMAJRY OF THE INVENTION In accordance with the present invention a building construction is provided particularly suitable for walls, in which a plurality of light weight blocks of synthetic plastic foam are provided having cover sheets or faces of synthetic plastic sheet material, the blocks having any desired exterior shape, and having keying grooves and keys received therein for retaining the cover sheets in position. The blocks have communicating openings for filling with poured concrete to retain and strengthen the wall.

It is the principal object of the present invention to provide a building construction employing a plurality of blocks with cover sheets which can be quickly and easily assembled and then secured by pouring concrete into communicating openings within the blocks.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a building construction of the character aforesaid which is readily adaptable to provide door and window openings.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a building construction employing light weight blocks of simple construction and which are readily adapted for assembly.

Other objects and advantages features of the invention will be apparent from the description and claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The nature and characteristic features of the invention will be more readily understood from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings forming part thereof, in which:

FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of a preferred form of blocks, covers or facings and reinforcing rod retainer employed in connection with the invention;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary top plan view of the block;

FIG. 3 is an end view of a portion of a wall in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 4 is a horizontal sectional view, enlarged, taken approximately on the line 44 of FIG. 3; and

FIG. 5 is a vertical sectional view, still further en larged, taken approximately on the line 55 of FIG. 4.

It should, of course, be understood that the description and drawings herein are illustrative merely, and that various modifications and changes can be made in the structure disclosed without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Like numerals refer to like parts throughout the several views.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now more particularly to the drawings, a block 10 is shown having horizontal top and bottom bounding faces 11 and 12, opposite side wall faces 14 and 15 which can be vertical or inclined as desired, and opposite vertical end faces 17 and 18.

The blocks 10 can be made of any desired size but in a particular embodiment can have a height of slightly less than twelve inches, a width of slightly less than six inches, and a length of twelve to twenty feet.

The top and bottom faces 11 and 12 have a plurality of connecting openings 19 therebetween for filling with concrete 20 as hereinafter pointed out. The top face 11 has formed therein a transverse slot 21 which communicates with opposite longitudinal horizontal grooves 22 for the insertion of a reinforcing rod retaining plate 23. The ends of the plate 23 upon insertion through the slot 21 are held in the grooves 22 after being slid to position. The plate 23 has an opening 24 for the reception of a vertical steel reinforcing rod 25 around which concrete 20 can be poured.

The block 10 at the junction of the top face 11 and each of the side faces 14 and 15 has longitudinal horizontal edge grooves 27 and the bottom face 12, spaced inwardly from each of the side faces 14 and 15, has longitudinal locking grooves 28 therealong. The grooves 28 preferably have opposite inclined or tapered faces 30 connected by a horizontal top face 31 to provide a wedging action, as hereinafter explained.

The blocks 10 can be made of any desired light weight durable material but it is preferred that the blocks 10 be made of styrene beads or of polyurethane, in stabilized foam form, of a density of about one to two pounds per cubic foot.

Cover sheets 32 are provided of any desired material. The cover sheets 32 could be made of thin sheet aluminum or other metallic sheet material but are preferably of polyvinyl chloride of a thickness of the order of 0.050 inch.

The sheets 32 may be of any desired color and preferably have a face portion 33 colored, textured, or ornamented as desired and have preformed thereon an upper flange 34 and a lower locking flange 35.

The upper locking flange 34 has a horizontal wall portion 36 and vertical wall portion 37 conforming to the edge groove 27, a horzitonal wall portion 38 to engage the top face 11 of the block 10, and an inverted V-shaped locking portion 39, with a terminal edge 40, spaced from the top face 11.

The lower locking flange 35 has a horizontal portion 41 to engage the lower face 12 and an inverted V-shaped locking portion 42 within which the V-shaped portion 39 is engaged and which engages in the locking groove 28 with the faces 30 in contact therewith.

A key 44 is provided, which may be the same as plate 23, preferably of synthetic plastic, such as polyvinyl chloride or nylon, the key 44 having inverted wedges 45 at each end connected by a connector strip 46. In a particular embodiment keys 44 are placedabout every two feet.

The mode of use will now be pointed out.

As shown in FIG. 3, a suitable foundation F is provided on which the blocks are assembled.

As the blocks 10 are being put in place the cover sheets 32 are assembled thereto with their locking flanges 34 and 35 in interlocked position at the grooves 28 and with spaced keys 44 aiding in retaining the flanges 34 and 35 in interengaged position. The cover sheets 32 will be firmly held in place and Will present the exterior and interior appearance as selected by the user.

Lintels L may be employed in accordance with the requirements of the specific building structure.

Concrete can be poured at any stage during the erection of the blocks 10 and in surrounding relation to the reinforcing rods in a well known manner.

A weather resistant wall construction of attractive appearance is thus made available, of light weight but of adequate strength when the concrete 20 has hardened.

I claim:

1. Building construction comprising a plurality of blocks vertically arranged,

each of said blocks including a block member of light weight cellular material and having horizontal longitudinal top and bottom boundary faces with connecting openings therebetween,

longitudinal side boundary faces, and

transverse end boundary faces,

one of said horizontal faces of each block member having a longitudinal groove therealong spaced inwardly from one of the side boundary faces, and

an enclosing cover of Sheet material extending along said one of the side boundary faces,

said enclosing cover having upper and lower locking flanges extending along top and bottom boundary faces of each block member retaining said cover in position on said block member,

the flanges of each block having locking portions engaging locking portions of flanges of blocks thereabove and therebelow, and

staid locking portions being in engagement respectively in said longitudinal grooves of successive block members.

2. Building construction as defined in claim 1 in which the locking portions of one flange are complemental 4 in shape to the locking portions of the flange with which it is in engagement. 3. Building construction as defined in claim 1 in which said longitudinal groove is in the bottom face. 4. Building construction as defined in claim 1 in which said longitudinal grooves have opposite tapered side faces. 5. Building construction as defined in claim 2 in which said locking portions are of V-shape. 6. Building construction as deflned in claim 11 in which the locking portions for the covers of opposite side boundary faces have key members in engagement therewith. 7. Building construction as defined in claim 6 in which said locking portions are of V-shape, and

said key members have wedge portions in holding engagement with respect to said locking portions.

8. Building construction as defined in claim 1 in which said enclosing cover is of synthetic plastic sheet material.

9. Building construction as defined in claim 1 in which said block member is of styrene beads.

10. Building construction as defined in claim 3 in which said longitudinal grooves have opposite tapered side faces, and

said locking portions are of V-shape and have spaced key members in engagement therewith.

11. Building construction as defined in claim 1 in which said one of said horizontal faces has an additional longitudinal groove therealong spaced inwardly from the other of the side boundary faces, and

a second enclosing cover of sheet material is provided for the other of the side boundary faces, and

said second enclosing cover has upper and lower locking flanges engaged in an additional said groove and retaining said second cover in position on said block member.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,076,388 4/1937 Venzie 52588 2,101,416 12/1937 Venzie 52593 2,851,875 9/1958 Astorga 52426X 3,281,510 10/1966 Lovret 52309X 3,292,331 12/1966 Sarns 52309 3,327,447 6/1967 Nissley 52309 3,367,076 2/1968 OBrien 52309X 3,410,044 11/1968 Moog 52309 JOHN E. MURTAGH, Primary Examiner U.S. Cl. X.R. 52438, 588, 599

US3566568D 1969-04-28 1969-04-28 Cellular blocks with cover of sheet material Expired - Lifetime US3566568A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4038798A (en) * 1975-03-05 1977-08-02 U-Forms International, Inc. Composite permanent block-form for reinforced concrete construction and method of making same
US4249354A (en) * 1979-03-05 1981-02-10 Wynn Gayle B Reinforced insulated wall construction
US4359845A (en) * 1980-03-12 1982-11-23 Harrison Bill L Moisture barrier system for earth-sheltered housing
US4486994A (en) * 1981-03-09 1984-12-11 Industrial Sheet Metal & Mechanical Corp. Panel wall construction having airtight joint and method of forming same
US5185981A (en) * 1989-11-20 1993-02-16 Perfil En Frio, S.A. Abutment of insulating panels
WO1994023150A1 (en) * 1993-04-06 1994-10-13 Shive Vernon L Improved building form
US5921046A (en) * 1997-04-04 1999-07-13 Recobond, Inc. Prefabricated building system for walls, roofs, and floors using a foam core building panel and connectors
US6164035A (en) * 1996-10-16 2000-12-26 Roberts; Scott J. Reinforced foam block wall
US6233892B1 (en) * 1997-10-25 2001-05-22 The Namlyt Company Structural panel system
US20070199266A1 (en) * 2006-02-27 2007-08-30 Geilen Roy J Insulated concrete form system
US20110283657A1 (en) * 2010-02-17 2011-11-24 David Barrett Pre-Cast Blocks For Use In Column Construction
WO2016205858A1 (en) * 2015-06-22 2016-12-29 Shaw Patrick Reinhardt A structural building panel and a method of constructing a building

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4038798A (en) * 1975-03-05 1977-08-02 U-Forms International, Inc. Composite permanent block-form for reinforced concrete construction and method of making same
US4249354A (en) * 1979-03-05 1981-02-10 Wynn Gayle B Reinforced insulated wall construction
US4359845A (en) * 1980-03-12 1982-11-23 Harrison Bill L Moisture barrier system for earth-sheltered housing
US4486994A (en) * 1981-03-09 1984-12-11 Industrial Sheet Metal & Mechanical Corp. Panel wall construction having airtight joint and method of forming same
US5185981A (en) * 1989-11-20 1993-02-16 Perfil En Frio, S.A. Abutment of insulating panels
WO1994023150A1 (en) * 1993-04-06 1994-10-13 Shive Vernon L Improved building form
US6164035A (en) * 1996-10-16 2000-12-26 Roberts; Scott J. Reinforced foam block wall
US5921046A (en) * 1997-04-04 1999-07-13 Recobond, Inc. Prefabricated building system for walls, roofs, and floors using a foam core building panel and connectors
US6305142B1 (en) 1997-04-04 2001-10-23 Recobond, Inc. Apparatus and method for installing prefabricated building system for walls roofs and floors using a foam core building pane
US6233892B1 (en) * 1997-10-25 2001-05-22 The Namlyt Company Structural panel system
US20070199266A1 (en) * 2006-02-27 2007-08-30 Geilen Roy J Insulated concrete form system
US7908807B2 (en) 2006-02-27 2011-03-22 Geilen Roy J Insulated concrete form system
US20110283657A1 (en) * 2010-02-17 2011-11-24 David Barrett Pre-Cast Blocks For Use In Column Construction
US8839593B2 (en) * 2010-02-17 2014-09-23 Ply Gem Industries, Inc. Pre-cast blocks for use in column construction
WO2016205858A1 (en) * 2015-06-22 2016-12-29 Shaw Patrick Reinhardt A structural building panel and a method of constructing a building

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