US3565158A - Continuous-casting mold - Google Patents

Continuous-casting mold Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3565158A
US3565158A US3565158DA US3565158A US 3565158 A US3565158 A US 3565158A US 3565158D A US3565158D A US 3565158DA US 3565158 A US3565158 A US 3565158A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
envelope
annular space
mold
tubular
envelopes
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Joseph J Ciochetto
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Raymond Kaiser Engineers Inc
Original Assignee
Joseph J Ciochetto
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Joseph J Ciochetto filed Critical Joseph J Ciochetto
Priority to US77290068A priority Critical
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3565158A publication Critical patent/US3565158A/en
Assigned to RAYMOND KAISER ENGINEERS INC., A CORP OF OHIO reassignment RAYMOND KAISER ENGINEERS INC., A CORP OF OHIO ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: KOPPERS COMPANY, INC.
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D11/00Continuous casting of metals, i.e. casting in indefinite lengths
    • B22D11/04Continuous casting of metals, i.e. casting in indefinite lengths into open-ended moulds
    • B22D11/053Means for oscillating the moulds

Abstract

A continuous-casting mold is equipped with individual vibratory units that rapidly impact the mold wall and cause the mold wall to vibrate against the cast strand thereby improving the crystalline and surface structure of the cast strand.

Description

United States Patent Inventor Joseph J. Ciochetto Allison Park, Pa. (c/o Koppers Co. Inc., 440 College Park Drive, Monroeville, Pa. 15146) Appl. No. 772,900

Filed Nov. 4, 1968 Patented Feb. 23, 1971 CONTINUOUS-CASTING MOLD 3 Claims, 3 Drawing Figs.

11.8. CI. 164/273, 164/260, 164/83 Int. Cl 822d 1 1/00 Field of Search 164/83, 260, 261, 89, 66, 273, 48, 49, 283

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS '2/1970 Reihman 164/83 3,447,587 6/1969 Bodine, Jr.- 164/260X 3,447,480 6/1969 Bodine Jr. 164/49 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,031,135 3/1953 France.

500,794 2/1951 Belgium 699,156 10/1953 01661131113111. 178,432 5/1954 Australia.

Primary ExaminerCharles W. Lanham Assistant ExaminerV.K. Rising Attorneys-Sherman l-l. Barber and Olin E. Williams ABSTRACT: A continuous-casting mold is equipped with individual vibratory units that rapidly impact the mold Wall and cause the mold wall to vibrate against the cast strand thereby improving the crystalline and surface structure of the cast strand.

PATENTEU F552 1911 3.565.158

7 sum 1 OF 2- INVENTOR. J0$PH J. CIDCHETTO FIG-.2.

INVENTOR. Jase-PH J. .clocmsrro sum 2 0F 2 PATENTEUFEBEBIBYI wwuzw 1 continuous-CASTING MOLD BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to continuous casting and, more particularly, to apparatus for vibrating the walls of the continuous-casting mold.

I-leretofore, in continuous-casting machines, molds have been vibrated to reduce the tendency of the cast strand, while it is being formed in the mold, to stick to the walls of the mold. U.S. Pat. No. 2,284,703 to A. Welblund et al. That issued June 2, 1942, for example, discloses a continuous-casting mold made into sections each of which sections is given a relatively slight, but rapid vibration transversely to the direction of motion of the casting. Such vibration is alleged to prevent sticking or adherence to the solidifying skin of the casting to the walls of the mold.

The present invention, however, discloses a novel and improved mold, which is equipped'with vibratory apparatus that produces a continuous-cast strand having greatly improved metallurgical structure.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION periphery of the diaphragm to provide a seal against the flow of fluid directly past the diaphragm 31 from the annular space 230 into the annular space 23b, or vice versa.

Cooling water flows into the lower annular space 23b and into the annulus 29. Thence, the cooling water courses upward to the top of theannulus 29, and into the upper annular space 230. Fluid discharge openings 35 are provided at the bottom of the upper annular space 23a to discharge the cooling water.

The cylindrical outer envelope 13 supports four resiliently mounted vibrators 37 that are disposed at the ends of diameters that are both mutually perpendicular and perpendicular to the four walls of the mold 15. The vibrators 37 may be of any suitable type having a range of frequencies between 700 and l,500 c.p.s. and an amplitude of between two-thousandths and eight-thousandths of an inch.

Each vibrator 37 is mounted to a vertical, rectangular plate 39 spaced apart from and disposed perpendicularly to the diameter along which the respective vibrator 37 is located.

- .The plate 39 is resiliently mounted to the cylindrical outer enmetal and an outer second tubular envelope spaced therefrom with means connecting the extremities of the first and second envelopes to create a fiuidtight annular space therebetween. A third tubular envelope is closely spaced in relation to the first tubular envelope to provide a narrow fluid channel for the flow of cooling fluid. Vibrators are mounted outside of and adjacent the second envelope and have rodlike pistons extending through the second and third envelopes and into contact with BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING in the drawing:

FIG. 1 is a vertical sectional view of a continuous casting mold in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view along line 11-11 of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 3is a sectional view along line III-III of FIG. 1.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION A continuous casting mold 11 in accordance with the invention includes an outer cylindrical envelope l3 and spaced apart inner and outer rectangular tubular envelopes 15, 17, respectively, disposed coaxially within the outer cylindrical envelope 13. From FIG. 1 it will be noted that the outer cylindrical envelope is provided with top 19 and bottom 21 flanges that are also secured to the inner rectangular tubular envelope 15. Thus, an annular space 23 is created for fluid return from cooling the mold wall, which is what the inner rectangular tubultlr envelope 15 actually is. The outer rectangular tubular envelope 17 is spaced from, but closely adjacent to, the mold wall 15 and is suitably held concentric thereto at strategic locations, such as at 25, 27. The outer rectangular envelope 17 is spaced apart from both the top 19 and the bottom 21 flanges, wherefore fluid flows in the annulus 29 between the mold wall 15 and the outer rectangular envelope 17.

Near the bottom of the cylindrical outer envelope 13, there is a horizontally arranged diaphragm 31 that divides the annular space23 into an upper annular space 23a and a lower annular space 23b. An O-ring gasket 33 is mounted in the inner velope 13 at its top and bottom extremities.

Each vertical rectangular plate 39 abuts the outer ends of spaced rodlike pistons 41 which extend through axially aligned apertures in both the cylindrical outer envelope l3 and the outer rectangular envelope l7. O-ring gaskets 43 are provided to seal the pistons 41 where they pass through the cylindrical outer envelope 13, and the outer rectangular envelope, 17. The inner end 45 of each piston 41 contacts the outer surface of the mold wall 15, but does not pierce the mold wall 15.

The end 45 of each rodlike piston 41 is bifurcated, as shown in FIG. 3; that is to say, a vertical groove 49, formed in the end 45, has a throat area 51 and divergent-convergent walls 53, 55 leading respectively toward and away from the throat area 5!.

Suitable fasteners 57 secure the rodlike pistons 41 to the vertical plate 39 wherefore, when the vibrators 37 are actuated, both the vertical plate 39 and the rodlike pistons 41 vibrate. The rodlike pistons 41 then beat rapidly upon the mold wall 15 and it, in turn, vibrates and beats upon the skin of a continuous cast strand being formed of molten metal that is being poured into the mold 15.

Because of the resilient mounting of the vertical plate 39 to the cylindrical outer envelope 13, the cylindrical outer envelope itselfdoes not vibrate.

Heretofore, it has not been possible to satisfactorily produce continuous cast strands of rimming grade steel, which has a chemistry that causes the molten metal to boil as the steel solidifies. This boiling action causes the clean particles or molecules of the outer surfaces of the casting to arrange themselves in a rim" which provides a supersmooth exterior surface. Those skilled in the art will recognize, however, that the vibrating mold of the present invention, which has numerous horizontal members contacting the mold walls on all four sides in a zone adjacent the upper portion of the mold where molten metal first starts to crystallize, will cause the molecules at the outer surface of the casting to arrange themselves in a fine crystallization form due to the external vibrating forces applied to the mold wall and to the casting.

A feature of the invention is that a continuous casting having a supersmooth exterior surface can be readily attained, and that it is not necessary to have a mold of specific length and size to be able to continuously cast metal, such as rimming steel, with its boiling'action, in order to produce a continuous casting with an acceptable and supersmooth exterior surface.

A feature of the invention is that a continuous-cast strand is produced in the mold of the invention that has a higher quality and improved crystalline structure throughout the cast strand.

A feature of the invention is that the mold walls may be vibrated when it would be advantageous to do so, and may not be vibrated when different kinds of metal are being cast and it is disadvantageous to vibrate the walls of the mold.

Although the invention has been described herein with a certain degree of particularity, it is to be understood that the present disclosure has been made only as an example and that the scope of the invention is defined by what is hereinafter claimed.

I claim:

1. A mold for forming a continuous-cast strand of molten metal comprising:

a. an inner first tubular envelope defining a mold cavity for receiving molten metal;

b. an outer second tubular envelope surrounding said first tubular envelope in spaced apart relation;

0. means connecting the extremities of said first and second envelopes to create a fluidtight first annular space therebetween;

d. a third tubular envelope mounted in said annular space and in close spaced relation to said first tubular envelop whereby a second narrow annulus is created between said first and third tubular envelopes;

e. a diaphragm extending across and subdividing the annular space between the third and second envelopes into third and fourth fluidtight annular spaces;

f. means to introduce cooling fluid into the third annular space whereby said fluid courses the second annular space and thereafter flows into said fourth annular space; g. means to remove said cooling fluid from said fourth annular space; and h. vibratory means mounted adjacent said second envelope and having means extending through said second envelope so as to contact said first envelope whereby, when said vibratory means is actuated, said first envelope vibrates against said cast strand. 2. The invention of claim 1 wherein: a. said vibratory means includes: i. a powered vibrator having ii. rodlike pistons connected thereto and extending through apertures in the second and third envelopes; and b. means to seal and prevent fluid from flowing through the annular spaces between said pistons and said apertures. 3. The invention of claim 2 including a support resiliently mounted in spaced relation to said second tubular envelope, said support being a mounting for at least one said vibrator with said rodlike pistons being fixed to said support.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No, 565,158 Dated February 23 1971 Joseph J. Ciochetto Inventor(s) It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

On the cover sheet [72] cancel "(c/o Koppers Co. Inc 440 College Park Drive, Monroeville, Pa. 15146)" and insert assignor to Koppers Company, Inc., a corporation of Delaware r Signed and sealed this 8th day of June 1971 (SEAL) Attest:

WILLIAM E. SCHUYLER, J

EDWARD M.FLETCHER,JR.

Commissioner of Patent Attesting Officer

Claims (3)

1. A mold for forming a continuous-cast strand of molten metal comprising: a. an inner first tubular envelope defining a mold cavity for receiving molten metal; b. an outer second tubular envelope surrounding said first tubular envelope in spaced apart relation; c. means connecting the extremities of said first and second envelopes to create a fluidtight first annular space therebetween; d. a third tubular envelope mounted in said annular space and in close spaced relation to said first tubular envelop whereby a second narrow annulus is created between said first and third tubular envelopes; e. a diaphragm extending across and subdividing the annular space between the third and second envelopes into third and fourth fluidtight annular spaces; f. means to introduce cooling fluid into the third annular space whereby said fluid courses the second annular space and thereafter flows into said fourth annular space; g. means to remove said cooling fluid from said fourth annular space; and h. vibratory means mounted adjacent said second envelope and having means extending through said second envelope so as to contact said first envelope whereby, when said vibratory means is actuated, said first envelope vibrates against said cast strand.
2. The invention of claim 1 wherein: a. said vibratory means includes: i. a powered vibrator having ii. rodlike pistons connected thereto and extending through apertures in the second and third envelopes; and b. means to seal and prevent fluid from flowing through the annular spaces between said pistons and said apertures.
3. The invention of claim 2 including a support resiliently mounted in spaced relation to said second tubular envelope, said support being a mounting for at least one said vibrator with said rodlike pistons being fixed to said support.
US3565158D 1968-11-04 1968-11-04 Continuous-casting mold Expired - Lifetime US3565158A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US77290068A true 1968-11-04 1968-11-04

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3565158A true US3565158A (en) 1971-02-23

Family

ID=25096571

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3565158D Expired - Lifetime US3565158A (en) 1968-11-04 1968-11-04 Continuous-casting mold

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3565158A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3667534A (en) * 1971-03-11 1972-06-06 Sumitomo Metal Ind Steel ingot making method
US3794105A (en) * 1971-06-01 1974-02-26 Demag Ag Oscillating wall arrangement for a continuous casting mold
FR2471821A1 (en) * 1979-12-21 1981-06-26 Nippon Kokan Kk CONTINUOUS CASTING MOLD OF STEEL EQUIPPED WITH ULTRASONIC VIBRATORS
WO1983003214A1 (en) * 1982-03-18 1983-09-29 Lansdown, Anthony, Richard The use of a hydraulic squeeze film to lubricate the strand in continuous casting
US4691757A (en) * 1984-05-10 1987-09-08 Voest-Alpine Aktiengesellschaft Arrangement provided at a continuous casting plant
US4807691A (en) * 1982-02-27 1989-02-28 Mannesmann Ag Mold for continuous casting of metal
WO1995003904A1 (en) * 1993-07-30 1995-02-09 Paul Wurth S.A. Continuous casting ingot mould

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
BE500794A (en) *
FR1031135A (en) * 1951-01-18 1953-06-19 Advanced Metal Casting Process
GB699156A (en) * 1950-09-05 1953-10-28 Siegfried Junghans Method of and installation for casting metals
US3447480A (en) * 1967-07-24 1969-06-03 Bodine Albert G Method and apparatus for gravity flow casting utilizing sonic energization
US3447587A (en) * 1967-07-24 1969-06-03 Bodine Albert G Method and device for mold casting utilizing sonic energization
US3494411A (en) * 1965-10-06 1970-02-10 Bethlehem Steel Corp Continuous casting method

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
BE500794A (en) *
GB699156A (en) * 1950-09-05 1953-10-28 Siegfried Junghans Method of and installation for casting metals
FR1031135A (en) * 1951-01-18 1953-06-19 Advanced Metal Casting Process
US3494411A (en) * 1965-10-06 1970-02-10 Bethlehem Steel Corp Continuous casting method
US3447480A (en) * 1967-07-24 1969-06-03 Bodine Albert G Method and apparatus for gravity flow casting utilizing sonic energization
US3447587A (en) * 1967-07-24 1969-06-03 Bodine Albert G Method and device for mold casting utilizing sonic energization

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3667534A (en) * 1971-03-11 1972-06-06 Sumitomo Metal Ind Steel ingot making method
US3794105A (en) * 1971-06-01 1974-02-26 Demag Ag Oscillating wall arrangement for a continuous casting mold
FR2471821A1 (en) * 1979-12-21 1981-06-26 Nippon Kokan Kk CONTINUOUS CASTING MOLD OF STEEL EQUIPPED WITH ULTRASONIC VIBRATORS
US4807691A (en) * 1982-02-27 1989-02-28 Mannesmann Ag Mold for continuous casting of metal
WO1983003214A1 (en) * 1982-03-18 1983-09-29 Lansdown, Anthony, Richard The use of a hydraulic squeeze film to lubricate the strand in continuous casting
US4691757A (en) * 1984-05-10 1987-09-08 Voest-Alpine Aktiengesellschaft Arrangement provided at a continuous casting plant
WO1995003904A1 (en) * 1993-07-30 1995-02-09 Paul Wurth S.A. Continuous casting ingot mould
CN1042404C (en) * 1993-07-30 1999-03-10 保尔.沃特公司 Continuous casting ingot mould

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
AU2016201435B2 (en) Molding device for continuous casting equipped with agitator
SU1597092A3 (en) Open-end mould for continuous vertical casting of steel strip
US3490584A (en) Method and apparatus for high frequency screening of materials
US3702155A (en) Apparatus for shaping ingots during continuous and semi-continuous casting of metals
CN105750546B (en) A kind of selective laser fusing two-dimensional ultrasound adds vibrating device
US2947115A (en) Apparatus for manufacturing glass beads
US4030534A (en) Apparatus for continuous casting using linear magnetic field for core agitation
GB1067114A (en) Methods of and machines for continuously casting metal
JP4794858B2 (en) Method and apparatus for controlling flow in ingot molds for continuous slab casting.
GB1027096A (en) Improvements in or relating to hopper discharging devices
CN102407293A (en) Wheel hub mould with cooling devices
CN204639082U (en) Alloy continuous casting crystallining district ultrasonic wave agitating device
US5100539A (en) Dual-screen particle sizing apparatus and method
GB1430063A (en) Separator
CN201572905U (en) Frame rack-mounted pneumatic microvibration multi-contact high-pressure forming pouring cup
CN104439204A (en) Metal mold casting and molding device based on ultrasonic waves
FR2276117A1 (en) pouring tube with a bottom opening for the casting of continuous steel
GB1316852A (en) Chill-casting devices
CN105499504A (en) Lost foam casting technology for scraping knife or side blade or middle blade wear-resistant parts
GB853853A (en) Continuous casting
US3166803A (en) Device for centering the stream of metal to the middle of the mould during vertical continuous casting
CN104338912A (en) Molding device for continuous casting with stirring unit
GB1486793A (en) Separating device for separating grinding elements from a ground material in a liquid suspension in an agitating grinding mill
CN204770508U (en) Can prevent cold core machine of grit bonding sand hopper wall
JPH02290656A (en) Method for oscillating mold for vertical type continuous casting

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: RAYMOND KAISER ENGINEERS INC., OAKLAND CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:KOPPERS COMPANY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004292/0615

Effective date: 19840503