US3554494A - Building components - Google Patents

Building components Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3554494A
US3554494A US3554494DA US3554494A US 3554494 A US3554494 A US 3554494A US 3554494D A US3554494D A US 3554494DA US 3554494 A US3554494 A US 3554494A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
fence
rail
support posts
rails
aperture
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Frederick Bee
Original Assignee
Frederick Bee
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB4276767A priority Critical patent/GB1244304A/en
Application filed by Frederick Bee filed Critical Frederick Bee
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3554494A publication Critical patent/US3554494A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H17/00Fencing, e.g. fences, enclosures, corrals
    • E04H17/14Fences constructed of rigid elements, e.g. with posts, with additional wire fillings
    • E04H17/1413Post-and-rail fences without vertical cross-members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H17/00Fencing, e.g. fences, enclosures, corrals
    • E04H17/14Fences constructed of rigid elements, e.g. with posts, with additional wire fillings
    • E04H2017/1447Details of connections between rails and posts
    • E04H2017/146Details of connections between rails and posts the rails being attached to the front faces of the posts

Abstract

Building components particularly suitable for constructing fences or the like are formed as hollow plastic extrusions of substantially rectangular section having their hollow interiors divided into a plurality of channels by partitions. Rail sections have the partitions parallel only to their shorter sides while post sections have partitions parallel to each side. Core members of wood or steel which are a close sliding fit in one or more channels may also be provided.

Description

D United States Patent [72] Inventor FrederickBee 1,318,326 10/1919 Kmiecinski 256/49 Dorlins Orpington Road, Chislehurst, Kent, 1,757,077 5/1930 Eiserloh 256/ 19UX England 2,635,857 4/1953 Banister 256/19 [21] App]. No. 794,436 3,071,350 1/1963 Opie 256/65 [22] Filed Sent. 19, 1968 3,107,900 10/1963 DePaolo 256/59X [45] Patented Jan. 12, 1971 3,195,864 7/1965 Case 256/65 [32] Priority Sept. 20, 1967 3,258,250 6/ 1966 McMullin. 256/68X [33] Great Britain 3,388,892 6/1968 Case 256/l3.1 [31] 4z,7 7 7 3,420,505 H1969 Jefferys 256/59X Primary Examiner-Dennis L. Taylor attorney-Waters, ROdiIl, Schwartz & Nissen 8 Claims, 9 Drawing Figs.

52 us. Cl 256/19,

256/ 59 ABSTRACT: Building components particularly suitable for [51 Int. Cl E04h 17/14 i constructing fences or the like are f d as hollow plastic [50] Field of Search 256/59, 65, trusions f substantiauy rectangular Section having their 19, 68 low interiors divided into a plurality of channels by partitions. Rail sections have the partitions parallel only to their shorter [56] References cued sides while post sections have partitions parallel to each side. UNITED STATES PATENTS Core members of wood or steel which are a close sliding fit in 822,510 6/1906 Davidson 256/19UX one or more channels may also be provided.

PATENTED JAN 1 2 I97! SHEU 2 BF 2 IZA FIG.8.

BUILDING COMPONENTS This inventionrelates to a building component and an assembly of building components particularly ones suitable for constructing fences or the like.

In one aspect the present invention provides a building component for forming fencing or the like comprising an elongate plastic hollow extrusion of substantially rectangular section having its hollow interior divided into a plurality of channels by partitions.

In another aspect the invention provides an assembly of building components for forming fencing including a plurality of rails each consisting of an elongate plastic hollow extrusion of substantially rectangular sectionhaving its hollow interior divided into a plurality of channels by partitions parallel to the shorter sides, and a plurality of posts each comprising an elongate plastic hollow extrusion having its hollow interior divided into a plurality of channels by partitions extending substantially parallel to each of its sides.

The extrusions are preferably of hard PVC and core members of timber or hollow steel sections for example may be formed as a close sliding fit in some of the channels. The invention extends to a fence formed from a plurality of posts and rails as described above, these members being secured together for example by screws.

Embodiments of building components, in accordance with the invention, will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings of which:

FIGS. l to 4 show sections through four alternative designs of building components intended as rails,

FIG 5 shows a section through a building component intended as a post,

FIG. 6 shows some posts and rails secured together to form a fence,

FIG. 7. is a perspective view of an end cap, and

FIGS. 8 and 9 show two alternative means for securing together the rails and posts. 7

Each building component comprises a hollow plastic extrusion extrusion of rectangular form, preferably made of hard PVC. The hollow interior of each extrusion l2 intended as a rail is divided into a plurality of parallel channels by partitions 13 parallel to the shorter sides l4.'FIG. 1 shows a section having outer dimensions 0.743 inches X 2.1 inches suitable as a rail for a paling fence in which two partitions 13 each v of thickness 0.035 inches divided the interior into three equal channels 15 of width 0.651 inches: the outside thickness of the walls is 0.046 inches; FIG. 2 shows a rail having outer dimensions 0.743 inches X 3.999 inches suitable for ranch fences and screens divided by four partitions 13 each of thickness 0.035 inches into five channels 15 symmetrically arranged so that the channels are alternatively small and large, of widths 0.151 inches and 0.907 inches respectively an outside wall thickness 0.046 inches FIG. 3 shows a larger rail of outer dimensions 0.743 X 5.371 inches and wall thickness 0.046 inches suitable for ranch fences and screens in which six partitions 13 of thickness 0.035 inches divide the rail into seven channels again symmetrically arranged, the outer to two channels on each side and center channel having a width 0.55 inches and the other two channels having a width 0.907 inches. FIG. 4 shows a rail of outer dimension 1.156 inches X 4.65 inches and wall thickness 0.065 inches suitable for heavy duty applications in which the partitions 13 divide the rail into five channels 15, the three central ones of which are larger having a width of 1.026 inches than the two outer channels having a width 0.651 inches. FIG. 5 shows a section 12A of outer dimensions 1.938 inches X 2.938 inches and a wall thickness 0.046 inches suitable for a post in which partitions 13 of thickness 0.035 inches and parallel to the shorter sides 14 and partitions 16 of the same thickness and parallel to the longer sides 17 divide the hollow interior into a central channel 18 of 1.026 inches X 2.026 inches surrounded by a plurality of symmetrically arranged outer channels 19 the corner channels being square sectioned of dimension 0.375 inches the single channel along the short sides and between the corners being of length 1.026 inches and the three channels along the long sides and between the corners having a width 0.651 inches. Each of the channels l5 l8 and 19 is suitable to receive as a sliding fit a core member to extend the whole length of the rail or post. The core members may, for example. be of time timber or steel sections.

FIG. 6 shows an arrangement in which rails 12 each of the section shown in FIG. 3 and two posts 12A each according to FIG. 5 are secured together to form a fence. The parts are secured by screws 20 provided with washers 21, plastic domes 22 being finally fitted over the heads of the screws. It will be seen that the central channel 18 of the post l2A is provided with a timber core 24 while the outer channels 19 are left hollow. Any one or more of the channels l9 may be provided with a core member if desired. In the case of the rails, the two channels 15 not directly on the outsides but spaced one channel in, are provided with core members 25, these core members being pretapped to provide holes for the screws 20. The plastic rail extrusions may for example be fon'ned in lengths of l0, 12 or 14 feet.

FIG. 7 shows a moulded end cap '26 for closing off the end of a rail section of the type shown in F IG. 1. Similar end caps are provided for the ends of the other rail sections and also for the tops of the posts 12A as shown at 26 in FIG. 6. The end cap is formed with legs 27 for fitting inside the channels where they are retained by friction.

FIGS. 8 and 9 show alternative securing means which may be used when no core members are-provided. FIG. 8 shows stages in process of securing a rail to a post, the rail and post having been previously drilled with holes28 to receive the securing means. In the first stage, shown in the left hand one of the parts of FIG. 8 an elongate anchor member 30 having a toggle st strip 31 attached thereto is pushed through the hole 28 in the post with its long dimension parallel to the axis of the hole its narrow dimensions smaller than the hole. In the second stage the anchor member is turned b by means of the toggle strip so that its long dimension is normal to the axis of the hole and it cannot pass back through the hole. A washer 32 has the toggle strip threaded therethrough and engaged therewith and the assembly is pulled tight and the surplus end of the toggle strip cut 01?. The rail 12 is not placed against the post with the head of the washer 32 between the post and rail and a screw 20 with its washer 21 and plasticdome 22, similar to those used in the arrangement of FIG. 6 is inserted through the rail to engage in the anchor member 30.

I The arrangement shown in FIG. 9 is somewhat similar except for the shape of the anchor member shown at 33 which has flexible feet 34 which, after theyv have been deformed to and an outer wall and a plurality ofinternal webs extending between said inner wall and said outer wall to divide the annular space therebetween into a plurality of rectangular cross section cells, one or more extendedplastics material rails extending between said support posts, each comprising a hollow annular shell of rectangular cross section and a plurality of internal walls extending between the longer sides of said shell structure to divide the space within said shell structure into a plurality of rectangular cross section cells, and means for attaching said rails to said support posts. 7

2. A fence structure according to claim 1 wherein said plurality of internal webs of each said .post includes webs arranged to continue the sides of said inner wall across said annular space to said outer wall at each end of each side of the inner wall. j

3. A fence structure according to claim 1, wherein said plurality of internal webs of each saidpost further includes to two furtherwebs symmetrically disposed along the longer sides of said wall structure.

i "4. A fence structure according to claim I, including a core member arranged to be a sliding fit in each of one or more of a said cells of one or more of a said support posts.

5. A fence structure according to'claim 4, wherein one or more of a said core members in each said support posts is provided with one or more screw-threadedholes and said outer wall of said wall structure is provided with an aperture in register with each said screw-threaded hole, said means for attaching said rails to said support posts including a screwthreaded bolt passing through the rail into one of said holes 6. A fence structure according to claim 1, including a core member arranged to be a sliding'iit in each of one or more of said'cells on of one or more of said rails. i

and said wall aperture into said anchor member to hold said rail.

8. A fence structure according to claim 1, including an end cap mounted on topiof each said support post, said end cap comprising a moulded plastics material body having a plurality of tongues extending therefrom'to enter respectively and engage with a plurality of said spaces in said posts.

Claims (8)

1. A fence structure comprising two or more extruded plastics material support posts each arranged vertically and each comprising a hollow annular wall structure of rectangular cross section, said wall structure including an inner wall and an outer wall and a plurality of internal webs extending between said inner wall and said outer wall to divide the annular space therebetween into a plurality of rectangular cross section cells, one or more extended plastics material rails extending between said support posts, each comprising a hollow annular shell of rectangular cross section and a plurality of internal walls extending between the longer sides of said shell structure to divide the space within said shell structure into a plurality of rectangular cross section cells, and means for attaching said rails to said support posts.
2. A fence structure according to claim 1 wherein said plurality of internal webs of each said post includes webs arranged to continue the sides of said inner wall across said annular space to said outer wall at each end of each side of the inner wall.
3. A fence structure according to claim 1, wherein said plurality of internal webs of each said post further includes to two further webs symmetrically disposed along the longer sides of said wall structure.
4. A fence structure according to claim l, including a core member arranged to be a sliding fit in each of one or more of a said cells of one or more of a said support posts.
5. A fence structure according to claim 4, wherein one or more of a said core members in each said support posts is provided with one or more screw-threaded holes and said outer wall of said wall structure is provided with an aperture in register with each said screw-threaded hole, said means for attaching said rails to said support posts including a screw-threaded bolt passing through the rail into one of said holes.
6. A fence structure according to claim l, including a core member arranged to be a sliding fit in each of one or more of said cells on of one or more of said rails.
7. A fence structure according to claim l, wherein said means for attaching said rails to said support posts comprise an aperture through the rail, an aperture in at least said outer wall of said post wall structure, an anchor member shaped to be insertable through said aperture in said outer wall and then to be turned to engage against the inside of said outer wall, and a screw-threaded bolt passing through said rail aperture and said wall aperture into said anchor member to hold said rail.
8. A fence structure according to claim 1, including an end cap mounted on top of each said support post, said end cap comprising a moulded plastics material body having a plurality of tongues extending therefrom to enter respectively and engage with a plurality of said spaces in said posts.
US3554494D 1967-09-20 1968-09-19 Building components Expired - Lifetime US3554494A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB4276767A GB1244304A (en) 1967-09-20 1967-09-20 Building components

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3554494A true US3554494A (en) 1971-01-12

Family

ID=10425887

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3554494D Expired - Lifetime US3554494A (en) 1967-09-20 1968-09-19 Building components

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US3554494A (en)
GB (1) GB1244304A (en)

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3712590A (en) * 1971-07-28 1973-01-23 Manner Plastic Materials Inc Slats for a chain link fence
FR2444785A1 (en) * 1978-12-21 1980-07-18 Bosse Paul Hinge for wicket gate with rectangular hollow section rails - uses metal spigot in rail end including sleeved bore for pin located by fork bracket
US4364546A (en) * 1980-05-02 1982-12-21 Oscar Lyman Modular fencing assembly
US4602765A (en) * 1984-04-23 1986-07-29 Loper Karl J Fencing assembly and process
US4727702A (en) * 1986-11-03 1988-03-01 Kathleen T. Baker Panel useful for gates or fence sections
US4796866A (en) * 1987-07-24 1989-01-10 Garneau Jocelyn C Railing structure
FR2669714A1 (en) * 1990-11-28 1992-05-29 Hannes Paul Profilee hollow hollow.
US5601279A (en) * 1995-06-07 1997-02-11 Plastics Research Corporation Picket fence including slats having U-shaped attachment rails
US6173944B1 (en) 1997-10-03 2001-01-16 Royal Group Technologies Limited Plastic in-line fencing
US6367780B1 (en) 2000-09-27 2002-04-09 Claridon Tool & Die Re-inforced vinyl extrusions
US6398193B1 (en) 1997-06-06 2002-06-04 U.S. Fence, Llc Plastic fence construction
US6533667B2 (en) 2000-12-21 2003-03-18 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Tripot constant velocity joint having ball modules
US6616995B2 (en) 2000-09-27 2003-09-09 Claridon Tool & Die Re-inforced vinyl extrusions
US6827995B2 (en) 2001-01-16 2004-12-07 Extrutech International, Inc. Composites useful as fence and decking components and methods for producing same
US6866253B1 (en) 2003-01-27 2005-03-15 Joel S. Hopper Durable horse fence
US20050257464A1 (en) * 2002-02-13 2005-11-24 Skulsky Bryan S Pergola end cap
US7421830B1 (en) 2002-09-24 2008-09-09 Extrutech International, Inc. Layered composites
US20140203231A1 (en) * 2013-01-21 2014-07-24 Enduris Extrusions, Inc. Fence system with variable rail reinforcement

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2419371A1 (en) * 1978-03-10 1979-10-05 Rotin Sa Ledged and battened panel for e.g. gates - consists of plastics rectangular hollow section members connected by simple bonded joints
US4377275A (en) * 1981-01-29 1983-03-22 Faber Robert V Railing construction
GB9507019D0 (en) * 1995-04-05 1995-05-31 Ultraframe Plc Firring pieces
US6023922A (en) * 1997-07-28 2000-02-15 Ultraframe Plc Of Enterprise Works Glazed structures

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US822510A (en) * 1906-01-06 1906-06-05 John C Davidson Wall construction.
US1318326A (en) * 1919-10-07 Fencepost
US1757077A (en) * 1927-01-20 1930-05-06 Eiserloh Mathias Building construction
US2635857A (en) * 1951-12-18 1953-04-21 Banister Charlie Cement fence post
US3071350A (en) * 1961-01-24 1963-01-01 Kenneth M Opie Rail mounting
US3107900A (en) * 1961-04-03 1963-10-22 Aluma Rail Inc Portable aluminum fence construction
US3195864A (en) * 1962-03-15 1965-07-20 Anchor Post Prod Post and rail fence
US3258250A (en) * 1963-07-17 1966-06-28 Reynolds Metals Co Railing construction
US3388892A (en) * 1966-06-15 1968-06-18 Anchor Post Prod Guardrail system
US3420505A (en) * 1967-06-01 1969-01-07 Reynolds Metals Co Handrail and post assembly

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1318326A (en) * 1919-10-07 Fencepost
US822510A (en) * 1906-01-06 1906-06-05 John C Davidson Wall construction.
US1757077A (en) * 1927-01-20 1930-05-06 Eiserloh Mathias Building construction
US2635857A (en) * 1951-12-18 1953-04-21 Banister Charlie Cement fence post
US3071350A (en) * 1961-01-24 1963-01-01 Kenneth M Opie Rail mounting
US3107900A (en) * 1961-04-03 1963-10-22 Aluma Rail Inc Portable aluminum fence construction
US3195864A (en) * 1962-03-15 1965-07-20 Anchor Post Prod Post and rail fence
US3258250A (en) * 1963-07-17 1966-06-28 Reynolds Metals Co Railing construction
US3388892A (en) * 1966-06-15 1968-06-18 Anchor Post Prod Guardrail system
US3420505A (en) * 1967-06-01 1969-01-07 Reynolds Metals Co Handrail and post assembly

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3712590A (en) * 1971-07-28 1973-01-23 Manner Plastic Materials Inc Slats for a chain link fence
FR2444785A1 (en) * 1978-12-21 1980-07-18 Bosse Paul Hinge for wicket gate with rectangular hollow section rails - uses metal spigot in rail end including sleeved bore for pin located by fork bracket
US4364546A (en) * 1980-05-02 1982-12-21 Oscar Lyman Modular fencing assembly
US4602765A (en) * 1984-04-23 1986-07-29 Loper Karl J Fencing assembly and process
US4727702A (en) * 1986-11-03 1988-03-01 Kathleen T. Baker Panel useful for gates or fence sections
US4796866A (en) * 1987-07-24 1989-01-10 Garneau Jocelyn C Railing structure
FR2669714A1 (en) * 1990-11-28 1992-05-29 Hannes Paul Profilee hollow hollow.
US5601279A (en) * 1995-06-07 1997-02-11 Plastics Research Corporation Picket fence including slats having U-shaped attachment rails
US6398193B1 (en) 1997-06-06 2002-06-04 U.S. Fence, Llc Plastic fence construction
US6173944B1 (en) 1997-10-03 2001-01-16 Royal Group Technologies Limited Plastic in-line fencing
US6367780B1 (en) 2000-09-27 2002-04-09 Claridon Tool & Die Re-inforced vinyl extrusions
US6616995B2 (en) 2000-09-27 2003-09-09 Claridon Tool & Die Re-inforced vinyl extrusions
US6533667B2 (en) 2000-12-21 2003-03-18 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Tripot constant velocity joint having ball modules
US6827995B2 (en) 2001-01-16 2004-12-07 Extrutech International, Inc. Composites useful as fence and decking components and methods for producing same
US20050257464A1 (en) * 2002-02-13 2005-11-24 Skulsky Bryan S Pergola end cap
US7421830B1 (en) 2002-09-24 2008-09-09 Extrutech International, Inc. Layered composites
US7972546B1 (en) 2002-09-24 2011-07-05 Tamko Building Products, Inc. Layered composites
US6866253B1 (en) 2003-01-27 2005-03-15 Joel S. Hopper Durable horse fence
US20140203231A1 (en) * 2013-01-21 2014-07-24 Enduris Extrusions, Inc. Fence system with variable rail reinforcement
US10047539B2 (en) * 2013-01-21 2018-08-14 Enduris Extrusions, Inc. Fence system with variable rail reinforcement

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB1244304A (en) 1971-08-25

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5460353A (en) Portable fence with water filled bases
US4689930A (en) Partition structure
US6185887B1 (en) Shaped bar and clamping section for a shaped bar
AU2011342940B2 (en) Wall assembly
US5758466A (en) Snap-together structure
US5097643A (en) Interlocking structural members with edge connectors
EP1668209B1 (en) Modular fence
US3454262A (en) Interchangeable fence construction
EP1105589B1 (en) Prefabricated plastic shed and components therefor
US3387418A (en) Molding and partition assembly system
US5546718A (en) Partition wall
US7857291B2 (en) Flexible fence assembly
US2996159A (en) Miter joint
US3700213A (en) Plastic fence
US8959871B2 (en) Modular post covers
US4833848A (en) Double panel assembly
US4294051A (en) Modular building system
US4854767A (en) Assembly-type barricade
US10066384B1 (en) Screen support assembly with wide lateral support efficiency
US4002261A (en) Construction of panels, enclosures or containers
US3327440A (en) Partition construction with vertically adjustable floor-engaging foot
US4132390A (en) Gate and panel system
US5613664A (en) Plastic fences and method for prefabricating such fences
US3284971A (en) Structural elements for metal framing systems
US5452811A (en) Stackable partitioned shipping container