US35451A - Improved marine propeller - Google Patents

Improved marine propeller Download PDF

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Publication number
US35451A
US35451A US35451DA US35451A US 35451 A US35451 A US 35451A US 35451D A US35451D A US 35451DA US 35451 A US35451 A US 35451A
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Prior art keywords
vessel
blade
arm
pivoted
marine propeller
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D33/00Non-positive-displacement pumps with other than pure rotation, e.g. of oscillating type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63HMARINE PROPULSION OR STEERING
    • B63H1/00Propulsive elements directly acting on water
    • B63H1/30Propulsive elements directly acting on water of non-rotary type
    • B63H1/36Propulsive elements directly acting on water of non-rotary type swinging sideways, e.g. fishtail type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63HMARINE PROPULSION OR STEERING
    • B63H16/00Effecting propulsion by muscle power
    • B63H16/08Other apparatus for converting muscle power into propulsive effort
    • B63H16/12Other apparatus for converting muscle power into propulsive effort using hand levers, cranks, pedals, or the like, e.g. water cycles, boats propelled by boat-mounted pedal cycles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy

Description

UNITED STATES PATENT Einen.-

IMPROVED MARINE PROPELLER.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 35,115] dated June 3, 1862.

To @ZZ whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, WILLIAM H. JOHNSON, of Springfield, in the county of Hampden and State of Massachusetts, have invented an Im` proved Propeller for Vessels, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making part of this specification, in Which- Figure 1 is a perspective View of a vessel with my improved propellers attached; Fig. 2, a plan of the propellers and-after part of the vessel, and a diagram showing the path of the blades through the water when the vessel is being propelled; Fig. 3, detail to be referred to.

.t peller; but the action of the pivoted blade is entirely different. In the latter case the elastic blade, in itsattempt to follow the sinuous path described by its pivot, as the arm'is vibrated at the same time the vessel is advancing, has a considerable proportion of its surface constantly reacting against the body of water behind it, thus tending to drive the vessel ahead `with the greater part of the power used to vibrate the arm to which the blade is connected.

That others skilled in the art may understand and use my invention, I will proceed to describe the 'manner in which I have carried out the same.

In the said drawings, A represents the hull of a steam-vessel. `For the purpose of illustrating the movement of the propeller, I have placed in the vessel a coiled spring, a, which is wound up by a crank, B, which spring, when released,revolves a cog-wheel, C, which engages With a pinion, D, on a vertical shaft, b, supported in suitable bearings. A connecting-rod, E, is pivoted at c eccentrically to the face of the pinion D. The other end of this rod E is pivoted at d to a cross-head, F,which A slides on suitable ways, e, attached to the vessel. 'Io each end of this cross-head is pivoted a rod, f. I will here ystate that I have represented two of my propellers applied to this vessel, and that I prefer to use them in pairs, vibrating in opposite directions, as one counteracts and balances the other and prevents the oscillating motion which a single one would communicate to the vessel. A vertical shaft, i, placed immediately abaft the stern-post G, rests on a step, g, projecting aft from the keel. To this shaft is attached, by means of a collar, 5, and pin, at a short distance above the step, a rigid forked arm, H, and to the upper end of this shaft, above where it passes up through the stern of the vessel, is attached an arm, I, to the outer end of which is pivoted one of the rods f. A sleeve, m, to which is attached another rigid forked arm, K, embraces the shaft z' above the collar 5. It has attached to its upper end, innmediately beneath the arm I, a similar arm, L, to the outer end of which is pivoted the other rod f. 'Ihus as the crosshead F is moved back and forth on its ways the two forked arms H and K are vibrated horizontally in opposite directions. The edges of these arms should be made thin, to oier as little resistance as possible in passing through the water.

As the propellers are similar, I need describe but one of them. The arm H has its fork or legs l and 2 curved gradually outward and brought to a point at the extreme end. Between these ends and at the crotch of the fork is pivoted to the arm H on avertical pivot, 6, an elastic blade,- M, which is free to vibrate horizontally between the legs l and 2 of the fork. The blade M here shown is made of sheet-brass stiffened along the middle of its length and at the end which is pivoted by additional layers or scales. Other metals may be used-such as galvanized steel-and other modes of constructing the blade may .be adopted, the object being to have the blade as flexible and elastic as is consistent with the strength required by its dimensions, the size of the blade as Well as the length of the arm `I I'being apportioned to the size of the vessel and power of the engine.

'Ihe legs 1 and 2 or fork may in some cases be dispensed with; but I prefer to use them, as

they carry the blade M through a greater lateral sweep than it would otherwise take.

When the engine is not in operation, the propeller or propellers may occupy a position in the axis of the vessel, as shown in Fig. 3, and offer but little obstruction to her passage through the Water, in this respect being Well adapted to use as an auxiliary power to sailing-vessels.

The motions of this propeller will be understood from the diagram in Fig. 2. The red line x represents, approximately, the path of the pivot 6 and the front end of the blade M. This will of course vary with the relative rapidity with which the rigid arm H is vibrated and the speed of the vessel through the water. The dotted line y shows, approximately, the pat-h which would be described by the extreme end ofthe blade if it were only slightly flexible and were carried around by the legs 1 and 2 of the fork; but the more flexible the blade is made throughout its length the more nearly will its path approach to that of its pivot 6, which it endeavors to follow. This sinuosity of the blade M enables it to present at all times some portion and during the greater part of its sweep a large proportioi/` effective propelling-surface to the water.'

Vhat I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

A propeller for vessels, consisting of a rigid vibratingv arm, H, to which is pivoted an elastic blade, M, substantially as specified.

VILLIAM H. JOHNSON.

lVitnesses:

Tiros. R. Roxen, P. E. TEsoHEMAcHER.

US35451D Improved marine propeller Expired - Lifetime US35451A (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4178128A (en) * 1977-05-10 1979-12-11 Innerspace Corporation Method of and device for propulsion
US4490119A (en) * 1983-03-21 1984-12-25 Young Ronald G Boat propulsion apparatus
US4913669A (en) * 1988-09-06 1990-04-03 Young Ronald G Boat propulsion apparatus
EP0999975A1 (en) * 1997-07-30 2000-05-17 R,R. Sail Inc. DBA Hobie Cat Company Novel watercraft
US20040043677A1 (en) * 2002-08-30 2004-03-04 Ikuo Yamamoto Underwater propelling apparatus which stably carries out a propelling operation and a steering operation
US20040188717A1 (en) * 2003-01-17 2004-09-30 Kenichi Ono Semiconductor laser drive apparatus, optical write apparatus, imaging apparatus, and semiconductor laser drive method
US20050213622A1 (en) * 2004-03-25 2005-09-29 Infineon Technologies North America Corp. Optical system laser driver with built in output inductor for improved frequency response
US20070032144A1 (en) * 2005-08-08 2007-02-08 Ketterman Gregory S Fin for oscillating foil propulsion system
US20080215414A1 (en) * 2006-11-27 2008-09-04 Hntb Holdings Ltd. Resource forecasting and scheduling
US20090004933A1 (en) * 2006-02-02 2009-01-01 Rudolf Lackner Water Craft With a Buoyancy Body
US20100203778A1 (en) * 2009-02-12 2010-08-12 Ketterman Gregory S Remote Drive
US8082871B2 (en) 2007-08-01 2011-12-27 Hobie Cat Company Inflatable kayak
US9475559B2 (en) 2013-07-03 2016-10-25 Hobie Cat Company Foot operated propulsion system for watercraft
US9738362B2 (en) 2015-07-22 2017-08-22 Hobie Cat Company Flow fin

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4178128A (en) * 1977-05-10 1979-12-11 Innerspace Corporation Method of and device for propulsion
US4490119A (en) * 1983-03-21 1984-12-25 Young Ronald G Boat propulsion apparatus
US4913669A (en) * 1988-09-06 1990-04-03 Young Ronald G Boat propulsion apparatus
EP0999975A1 (en) * 1997-07-30 2000-05-17 R,R. Sail Inc. DBA Hobie Cat Company Novel watercraft
EP0999975A4 (en) * 1997-07-30 2002-09-04 R R Sail Inc Dba Hobie Cat Com Novel watercraft
US20040043677A1 (en) * 2002-08-30 2004-03-04 Ikuo Yamamoto Underwater propelling apparatus which stably carries out a propelling operation and a steering operation
US6746287B2 (en) * 2002-08-30 2004-06-08 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. Underwater propelling apparatus which stably carries out a propelling operation and a steering operation
US20040188717A1 (en) * 2003-01-17 2004-09-30 Kenichi Ono Semiconductor laser drive apparatus, optical write apparatus, imaging apparatus, and semiconductor laser drive method
US20050213622A1 (en) * 2004-03-25 2005-09-29 Infineon Technologies North America Corp. Optical system laser driver with built in output inductor for improved frequency response
US9540086B2 (en) 2005-08-08 2017-01-10 Hobie Cat Company Fin for oscillating foil propulsion system
US20070032144A1 (en) * 2005-08-08 2007-02-08 Ketterman Gregory S Fin for oscillating foil propulsion system
US7637791B2 (en) 2005-08-08 2009-12-29 Hobie Cat Company Fin for oscillating foil propulsion system
US9731802B2 (en) 2005-08-08 2017-08-15 Hobie Cat Company Fin for oscillating foil propulsion system
US20090004933A1 (en) * 2006-02-02 2009-01-01 Rudolf Lackner Water Craft With a Buoyancy Body
US20080215414A1 (en) * 2006-11-27 2008-09-04 Hntb Holdings Ltd. Resource forecasting and scheduling
US8082871B2 (en) 2007-08-01 2011-12-27 Hobie Cat Company Inflatable kayak
US8753156B2 (en) 2009-02-12 2014-06-17 Hobie Cat Company Remote drive
US20100203778A1 (en) * 2009-02-12 2010-08-12 Ketterman Gregory S Remote Drive
US9475559B2 (en) 2013-07-03 2016-10-25 Hobie Cat Company Foot operated propulsion system for watercraft
US9738362B2 (en) 2015-07-22 2017-08-22 Hobie Cat Company Flow fin

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