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US3545083A - Dental application of special polymer of tetrafluorethylene tubing for masking and cushioning metal clasps and orthodontic wires - Google Patents

Dental application of special polymer of tetrafluorethylene tubing for masking and cushioning metal clasps and orthodontic wires Download PDF

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US3545083A
US3545083A US3545083DA US3545083A US 3545083 A US3545083 A US 3545083A US 3545083D A US3545083D A US 3545083DA US 3545083 A US3545083 A US 3545083A
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tubing
plastic
metal
clasp
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Lawrence B Krasne
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Lawrence B Krasne
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K6/00Preparations for dentistry
    • A61K6/02Use of preparations for artificial teeth, for filling or for capping teeth
    • A61K6/08Use of natural or synthetic resins
    • A61K6/083Compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C13/00Dental prostheses; Making same
    • A61C13/0003Making bridge-work, inlays, implants or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C13/00Dental prostheses; Making same
    • A61C13/225Fastening prostheses in the mouth
    • A61C13/267Clasp fastening

Description

Dec. 8, 1970 L. a. KRASNE 3,545

DENTAL APPLICATION OF SPECIAL POLYMER 0F TETRAFLUORETHYLENE TUBING FOR MASKING AND CUSHIONING METAL CLASPS ,AND ORTHODONTIC WIRES I Filed May 7, 1969 INVENTOR. Z%.f mw E/vcE a. KensNE ,4 rromusy.

United States Patent 3,545,083 DENTAL APPLICATION OF SPECIAL POLYMER OF TETRAFLUORETHYLENE TUBING FOR MASKING AND CUSHIONING METAL CLASPS AND ORTHODONTIC WIRES Lawrence B. Krasne, Madison Bldg., 1005 NE. 125th St., North Miami Beach, Fla. 33158 Filed May 7, 1969, Ser. No. 822,496 Int. Cl. A61c 13/22 US. Cl. 32-5 7 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A plastic sheath is applied to various types of clasps and wires for removable partial dentures and orthodontic appliances, said sheath being of a specific color that matches the teeth for the primary purpose of aesthetics by masking the metal and a further purpose of preventing galvanic shock and providing a cushion between the clasps or wires and the teeth. The plastic sheath is applied in the form of pre-sized tubing which is slid over the clasps and wires, after they have been pre-heated to facilitate application and provide a tight fit of said tubing thereon. The sheathing is applied after the removable partial denture is fully constructed and forms no part of the vital construction thereof.

The present invention pertains to :a plastic sheath or covering for the metal clasps and wires of various removable partial dentures and removable orthodontic appliances and is provided in the form of Teflon tubing, which is, uniformly color pigmented to match various shades of teeth associated therewith in each application. Plastic tubing of other types have been used previously to form an integral part of the vital construction and exert force of orthodontic appliances, however, as used in the present invention, the pre-sized tubing is applied to the various types of clasps of partial dentures and after the removable partials are fully constructed and is intended to improve aesthetics by masking the metal clasp, and to protect the teeth against galvanic shock and wear which is caused by the direct contact of the metal against the teeth. The tubing is applied to labial arch wires of orthodontic appliances just before the labial wire is joined to the plastic part of the appliance, during final assembly.

The principal object of the present invention is, therefore, to provide a plastic sheath for clasp arms of removable partial dentures and wires of various ohtrodontic appliances to improve aesthetics by color keying said sheath to the color of the teeth of the wearer.

A further object of the present invention is to provide the teeth against galvanic shock and wear by means of the insulating effect of the plastic sheath.

A still further object of the present invention is to provide a very inexpensive means to greatly improve the asethetics for a person who must wear removable dental and orthodontic appliances which normally include visibly exposed metal clasps and wires.

Various other objects and advantages of the present invention will become more fully apparent from the following detailed description when read in connection with the various views of the drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the lower teeth of the mouth illustrating plastic sheaths on the metal clasps of a removable bridge in accordance with the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a length of the Teflon tubing illustrating the manner in which a short length of said tubing is Cut therefrom.

FIG. 3 is a perspective view illustrating the manner in Patented Dec. 8, 1970 which the metal clasps of a removable bridge are heated to expedite the application of the plastic tubing.

FIG. 4 is a perspective view similar to FIG. 3 illustrating the plastic tubing on the metal clasp with the tubing being heated just beyond the end of said clasp and being squeezed together to obtain a seal.

FIG. 5 is a perspective view similar to FIG. 4 illustrating the tubing cut at a point where the tubing is sealed beyond the end of the clasp.

FIG. 6 is a perspective view similar to FIG. 5 illustrating the final step of trimming and rounding off the squeezed end of the tubing.

FIG. 7 is an elevational view illustrating the finished application of the plastic tubing sheath to the labial arch wire of an orthodontic appliance, said tubing being adapted just before the wire is connected to the plastic part of the appliance.

Referring to the drawings in which like reference numerals designate like or similar parts throughout the various views, the numeral 10 generally indicates a set of lower teeth including a two-tooth removable bridge 12 which is held in place by conventional metal clasps 14 and 16 in engagement with the natural adjacent teeth on either side 18 and 20. As indicated at 22 and 24 the clasps 14 and 16 are sheathed in specially colored plastic in accordance with the present invention for an aesthetic purpose and to prevent galvanic shock and wear. It is to be noted that the plastic coating is applied to the clasps 14 and 16 in the form of pre-sized Teflon tubing to hide or mask the metal and forms no structural part of the removable bridge but is applied thereto after the bridge 12 has been fully constructed.

The plastic tubing will be carefully and accurately produced in special shadings, lines and color tones which will be keyed to the shades, lines and color tones of the natural teeth of persons utilizing removable partial dentures or orthodontic appliances incorporating the sheathed clasps or wires of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 7, which illustrates generally the application of a plastic sheath 26 to an orthodontic wire during construction before the wire is joined to the plastic portion of the orthodontic appliance 28, in spanning relation to a set of upperfront teeth 30. It is contemplated that the aesthetics of the present invention will be of great value in the application of many types of removable dental and orthodontic appliances on which metal clasp, wires or the like would normally be visible. Additionally, the plastic sheathing provides a cushioning and insulating effect to protect the teeth from wear, pressure, and galvanic action.

With reference to FIGS. 2 through 6, the method of applying the plastic tubing to a metal clasp of a removable bridge is illustrated, however, the steps as illustrated are equally applicable to various other dental and orthodontic appliances.

FIG. 2 illustrates the cutting of a desired length 32 of plastic tubing from a long length 34 thereof. As illustrated, the cut is preferably on a bias and is accomplished by using a sharp instrument or blade, 36. In the second step, as shown in FIG. 3, the clasp 38 selected for covering is gently heated over a low open flame 40 of a Bunsen burner 42. In FIG. 4, the cut end 44 of tubing is slid over the heated clasp into snug engagement until it abuts the artificial tooth 46. As shown in FIG. 4, the plastic tubing is then heated just beyond the end of the clasp as at 48 over the open flame 40 and then pressed or squeezed together firmly using flat posed pliers 50 to obtain a seal over the end of the clasp. In the next operation as shown in FIG. 5, the tubing is out beyond the clasp at a point where the tubing is sealed and the squeezed end of the tubing is trimmed and smoothed by the use of a rotating fine stone 52.

The above steps are repeated for each clasp that it is desired to sheath with the Teflon. In the application of a plastic sheathing to other types of removable dental or orthodontic appliances slight variations in the method as described may be made. For instance, a square cut may be more desirable instead of the bias cut, FIG. 7, when an orthodontic wire 28 is being sheathed, and the step illustrated in FIG. 4 in which the plastic tubing is heated and squeezed together to obtain a seal is obviously unnecessary and the plastic tubing is simply cut to a desired length and any sharp edges formed by the cutting may be removed in the same manner as illustrated in 'FIG. 6.

'Pre-sized Teflon tubing is used to provide a tight seal between the clasps and wires and the inner wall of the tubing.

Teflon is the only acceptable plastic tubing desirable, of those experimented with, because of its resistance to mouth fluids, its toughness, its non-toxic properties, its ease in manipulation, its ability to withstand temperatures, its stability, and its ability to be extruded into tubular form.

Teflon is a fluorocarbon resin, first synthesized by Du Point Laboratories in 1938. It was originally produced as a polymer of tetrafluorethylene (fluorinated ethylene propylene) TFE previously approved by the Federal Drug Administration, Oct. 8, 1962 as published in the Federal Register Sec. 409(c)(1) 72 Stat. 1786 21 U.S.C. 348(c)(1).

I claim:

1. In a dental appliance, a combination of a plastic tubing and visibly exposed metal clasp arms of various removable partial dentures and labial arch wires of orthodontic appliances comprising a length of plastic tubing having a specific inner and outer diameter sized to easily slide over the metal clasp armsto form a tight seal between said metal clasp arms and said plastic tubing, said plastic tubing being 'specifically'color keyed to the natural various colors of the teeth of the wearer, to improve aesthetics, yet forming'no integral part of the vital structure of the device.

2. A dental appliance as set said plastic tubing is Teflon.

forth in claim 1 in which 3. A dental appliance as set forth in claim 2 in which said metal clasp arms engage natural teeth, said plastic tubing providing an insulation between said metal clasp and the natural teeth of the wearer when the appliance is correctly positioned in the Wearers mouth, said insulation aesthetically masking the outer metal clasp, and providing protection from galvanic shock and wear, where metal fillings are contacted.

4. A plastic tubing as set forth in claim 2 in which said length of plastic tubing has the leading end cut on a bias, said bias cut end being slid over said clasp, in a manner to ease adaptation and provide a snug engagement with said removable dental bridge at the point of attachment to said clasp.

5. A dental appliance as set forth in claim 4 in which the trailing end of said plastic tubing is cut and trimmed just beyond the end of said clasp arms to provide an aesthetic appearing and comfortable appliance for the wearer.

6. A plastic tubing as set forth in claim 2 in which said metal portion comprises an orthodontic labial arch mm.

7. The method of applying a plastic sheath to exposed metal portions of various types of dental and orthodontic appliances comprising:

(A) cutting a predetermined length of pre-sized Teflon tubing from a long length thereof, (B) sliding the plastic tubing over said metal clasp arm, and, (C) trimming and smoothing the exposed sharp edges from the trailing end of said plastic tubing.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,027,962 1/ 1936 Currie 128 (Heat Shrink *Digest) 2,668,354 2/1954 Ricalo 327 3,329,143 7/1967 Gordon 128 (Heat Shrink Digest) ROBERT PESHOCK, Primary Examiner

US3545083A 1969-05-07 1969-05-07 Dental application of special polymer of tetrafluorethylene tubing for masking and cushioning metal clasps and orthodontic wires Expired - Lifetime US3545083A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2553655A1 (en) * 1983-10-24 1985-04-26 Dichamp Jacques Process and device for dental fixation
DE3440217A1 (en) * 1984-11-03 1986-05-07 Kraemer Wilhelm Plastic-coated model cast prosthesis
US4950162A (en) * 1984-08-18 1990-08-21 Karlheinz Korber Framework for producing tooth-replacing bridges
US5454716A (en) * 1988-04-11 1995-10-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Co. Aesthetic orthodontic arch wire
WO2001082876A1 (en) * 2000-05-03 2001-11-08 3M Innovative Properties Company Fluoropolymeric orthodontic article
US6799966B1 (en) 1999-03-04 2004-10-05 3M Innovative Properties Company Fluoropolymeric orthodontic article
US20090047627A1 (en) * 2005-06-09 2009-02-19 Hideo Nakagawa Partial denture
US20110165536A1 (en) * 2010-01-06 2011-07-07 Rainbow Medical Ltd. Alveolar ridge augmentation

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2027962A (en) * 1933-03-03 1936-01-14 Nat Carbon Co Inc Production of articles from plastic compositions
US2668354A (en) * 1952-02-21 1954-02-09 Ricalo Acacio Self-spacing reinforcing lingual bar
US3329143A (en) * 1964-04-02 1967-07-04 Joseph M Gordon Shrinkable plastic bandage cover

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2027962A (en) * 1933-03-03 1936-01-14 Nat Carbon Co Inc Production of articles from plastic compositions
US2668354A (en) * 1952-02-21 1954-02-09 Ricalo Acacio Self-spacing reinforcing lingual bar
US3329143A (en) * 1964-04-02 1967-07-04 Joseph M Gordon Shrinkable plastic bandage cover

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2553655A1 (en) * 1983-10-24 1985-04-26 Dichamp Jacques Process and device for dental fixation
US4950162A (en) * 1984-08-18 1990-08-21 Karlheinz Korber Framework for producing tooth-replacing bridges
DE3440217A1 (en) * 1984-11-03 1986-05-07 Kraemer Wilhelm Plastic-coated model cast prosthesis
US5454716A (en) * 1988-04-11 1995-10-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Co. Aesthetic orthodontic arch wire
US6799966B1 (en) 1999-03-04 2004-10-05 3M Innovative Properties Company Fluoropolymeric orthodontic article
WO2001082876A1 (en) * 2000-05-03 2001-11-08 3M Innovative Properties Company Fluoropolymeric orthodontic article
US20090047627A1 (en) * 2005-06-09 2009-02-19 Hideo Nakagawa Partial denture
US7997900B2 (en) * 2005-06-09 2011-08-16 Hideo Nakagawa Partial denture
US20110165536A1 (en) * 2010-01-06 2011-07-07 Rainbow Medical Ltd. Alveolar ridge augmentation

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