US3544000A - Device for controlling the printing of the decimal point in a calculating machine or the like - Google Patents

Device for controlling the printing of the decimal point in a calculating machine or the like Download PDF

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US3544000A
US3544000A US718658A US3544000DA US3544000A US 3544000 A US3544000 A US 3544000A US 718658 A US718658 A US 718658A US 3544000D A US3544000D A US 3544000DA US 3544000 A US3544000 A US 3544000A
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printing
slider
decimal point
orders
plate
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US718658A
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Michele Bovio
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Olivetti Ing C&C SpA
Olivetti SpA
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Olivetti SpA
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06CDIGITAL COMPUTERS IN WHICH ALL THE COMPUTATION IS EFFECTED MECHANICALLY
    • G06C19/00Decimal-point mechanisms; Analogous mechanisms for non-decimal notations
    • G06C19/02Devices for indicating the point

Description

United States Patent Inventor Michele Bovio Banchette, Italy Appl. No. 718,658 Filed April 4, 1968 Patented Dec. 1, 1970 Assignee lng. C. Olivetti & C., S.p.A.
Ivrea, Torino, Italy,
a corporation of Italy Priority April 6, 1967 Italy No. 51,213/67 Pat. 800,724
DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING THE PRINTING OF THE DECIMAL POINT IN A CALCULATING MACHINE OR THE LIKE 3 Claims, 3 Drawing Figs. U.S. CI....L 235/6015, 235/6028, 235/6025, 235/61 Int. Cl. G06c 19/00. G06c 29/00 Field of Search 235/6015,
60.28, 6I(D.P.I.), 63(D.E.), 60.25
[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,138,325 6/1964 Stephen 235/6015 3,22 I ,644 l2/1965 Gelling 101/93 3,260,449 7/1966 Gassino 235/6025 3,383,036 5/1968 Haberkorn et al... 235/6015 3,397,837 8/1968 Gassino et al 235/6024 3,426,676 2/1969 Zielke 101/93 Primary Examiner-Stephen J. Tomsky Attorney-Kelvin C. McMahon ABSTRACT: In a calculating machine, wherein some typecarriers are interspersed with a group of decimal point printing elements individually selectable by a transverselymovable plate and wherein a member is variably settable for causing a predetermined number of orders to be dropped in printing the total, the plate and the members are set simultaneously by a common knob. The plate is adapted to entrain a zero printing suppressing slider along the left. The suppressing slider normally allows the typecarrier of the lower order to print. whereas another slider is transversely movable one step with respect to the suppressing slider for normally preventing said lower order typecarrier from printing.
' Patented Dec; 1, 1970 Sheet l of 2 Q i? u G a?? INVENTOR. MICHELE BOVIO AGENT Patented Dec. 1, 1970 3,544,000
' INVENTOR; MICHELE BOVIO I BY AGENT DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING THE PRINTING OF THE DECIMAL POINT IN A CALCULATING MACHINE OR THE LIKE likecomprising a totalizer, a series of typecarriers for printing the digits of a total taken from said totalizer, at leastsome of which are interspersed with a group of normally inoperative decimal point printing elements and wherein a first member is variably settable for selecting one of said elements for printing the decimal point, and a second member is variably settable v for causing a predetermined number of orders of said totalizer to be dropped in printing said total.
Calculating machines are known in which a member is variably settable to permit one of the decimal point printing elements to print simultaneously with the adjacent typecarriers. There are moreover known calculating machines in which a predetermined number of orders of the total can be dropped under the control of a variably settable member. In a known calculating machine of this second type the member controlling the printing of the decimal point is independent of the member controlling the dropping of said order. Therefore this machine requires a large number of parts which make the machine complicated and costly. Moreover, with two members adapted to be set independently, the operator may often make a mistake setting the number of decimals and the number of orders to be dropped.
SUM MARY OF THE INVENTION BRIEF DESCRIPTION-OF HE DRAWINGS .FIG- I is a partial longitudinal section, from the. left, of a calculating machine incorporating a device forcontrolling the printing of the'dec'ima'l point according to the invention;
FIG. 2 is a left-hand-perspective view of a detail of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a partial plan view of FIG. 1.
' DESCRIPTION or THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION The device for controlling the printing of the decimal point is incorporated in a calculating machinecompri'sing a series of typecarriers adapted to print the various orders of an amount.
More particularly, each type carrier is constituted by a typewheel 6 (FIG. I) rotatably mounted on a slider 7 slidable on two stationary rods 8 to cause the respective wheel 6 to strike against a platen 9,-but normally bearing by the action of a spring 11 against a universal bar 12. The latter is carried by a pair of connecting rods 13 connected to two arms secured to a shaft 15 rotatable in the machine frame. The shaft 15 is adapted to be rotated in an anticlockwise direction at each printing cycle in a known manner.
Each typewheel 6 is equipped with a pinion 14 constantly in The calculating machine also includes a slider-28 slidable transversely on a stationary bar 29- and provided with a toothed edge 31 in engagement with a pinion 32 (FIG. 3). The latter is connected to a conventional set up carriage (not shown in the drawings) in such manner that-the carriage and the slider 28 move in synchronism in the transverse direction.
Pivoted on two projections 33. (FIG. I) of the slider 28 are two lugs 34 of a plate 36 normally bearing by the action of a spring 37 against the upper edge of one of the two arms 22. The plate 36 is adapted to sense the upper edge of an arcuate extension 38 of each lever 18.
During the setting of a new amount in the carriage. the slider 28 is therefore shifted to the left step by step as described in the U.S. Pat. No- 3,3 l9,882. During the total cycles, on-the other hand, the bar 21 releases the levers 18, which. are shifted under the control of the racks 26 to predispose the typewheels 6 for printing the amount represented by the racks 26. The plate 36, in turn, bears against the extensions 38, while the pinion 32 (FIG. 3) is rotated in a clockwise direction, causing both the slider'28 and The calculating machine moreover comprises five decimal I point printing elements, which are normally inoperative and interspersed with the first fivesliders 7 (FIG. 3) starting from the right. Each of these elements is constituted by a slider 44 (FIG. I) which is also slidable on the rods 8 and normally bear under the action of a spring 48 against the universal bar 12. Each slider 44 is provided with a decimal point type 47 disposed alongside .the type' of the wheel 6 which is predisposed for printing. A first variably settable member for selecting one of the sliders 44 is constituted bya plate 49 slidable transversely by means of two drilled lugs 51 along a stationary bar 52. The plate 49 is adapted to cooperate with a projection 54 provided on each slider 44 and is provided with of the lower order (FIG. 3) is normally to the right of the edge printing pitch and slidableitransve'rsely" ontwo studs 68, secured to one bent'edge'69of the slider-59,. The slider '66 is provided with a bent lug 71 normally bearing under the action of a spring 72 against a pin 73 ion the slider 28 (FIG. 3).
mesh with a rack 16 pivoted'on an arm 17 of a corresponding 7 three-armed lever 18 fulcrumed on a stationary shaft 19. Each lever 18 is normally urged-by a spring 20 to bearagainst a universal bar 21 carried by two arms 22 adapted to be rotated in a clockwise direction at each printing cycle in known manner. Each lever 18 carries a second arm 23 having a slot The calculating machinemoreovercomprises a graduated knob 74 (FIG. 1) secured; to a pinion 76in engagement with a spring-loaded positioning member 77, Moreover, secured to the knob 74 is also a second pinion 78 in mesh with a member or rack 79 slidable on a'pair of stationary pins 75. The rack 79 is variably settable for causing a predetermined number of orders of the totalizer to be dropped in printing the total. To this end, by sensing a stepped portion 80 of the rack 79, the totalizer 27 is transversely shifted to the right a number of steps equal to the digits to be dropped before taking the total in the manner described in the U.S. Pat. No. 3,397,837 with reference to the rack indicated therein by the reference 206.
The pinion 78 is moreover in mesh with a second rack 81 slidable on one of the pins 75 and provided at the rear with a 24 engageable by a stud 25 of a corresponding actuating rack I bent lug 82 (FIG. 3) formed with a slot 83 having a length cor. responding at least to five steps of the knob 74. The slot 83 is engaged by a pin 84 fast with an arm 86 of a three-armed lever 87 and normally bearing under the action of a spring 88 against the rear end of the slot 83. A second arm 89 of the lever 87 terminates in a forked end in engagement with the lug 51 on the left of the plate 49. A third arm 92 of the lever 87 is adapted to cooperate with a projection 93 (FIG. 1) of a lever 94 fulcrumed on a stationary pivot 95 and adapted to be mantially located in oneof two positions, where'it is maintained by a spring-loaded positioning member 97 cooperating with a stud 99 of the lever 94.
' The device for controlling the printing ofthe decimal point I operates as follows. 1
it will be assumed at first that the lever 94 is in the position tion shown in FIG. 1, whereby the rack 81 is shifted to the rear two steps. The rack 81 then causes the spring 88 (FIG. 3) to rock the lever 87 clockwise, thereby shifting the plate 49 two {steps to the left. The plate 49 thus brings the notch 56 into' correspondence with the projection 54 of the second slider 44 from the right,- while the other four sliders 44 are arrested by "the plate 49. As the plate 49 moves to the left, it carries the slider 59 and the slider 66 along by means of the shoulder 57 fl'iFlG. 2) and the projection 58.' The slider 59 is thus located Qwith its edge 62 immediat ly to the left of the projection 63 of fthethird slider 7. W lf l'essthan three orders are set up for each factor. the slider 66 releases the projection 64 (FlGS. l and 2) of the first slider 7 on the right,'while,th e edge 62 releases the projection 63 of r the following two sliders 7 and in this way the first three .typewheels 6 (FIG. 3) starting from the right are allowed to print, the third of which typewheels 6 (FIG. 2) prints a zero at .the left of the decimal point in any case, while the other two I .type'wheels 6 print the digits set or print zeros in the decimal orders in which no digit has been set. if, on the other hand, more than three orders are set up, the orders to the left of. the second are integer orders. During the setting of the first two orders, the slider 28 moves nearer step by step withits pin 73'to 'he the lug 71 of the slider 66. On the setting-of the third order, the pin 73 engages the lug 71, shifting the slider66 one step without effecting the slider 59. On
the'setting of the following orders, the slider 59 is then carried along step by step to theleft, so that during the printing operatio'nthe-projections63 of the corresponding sliders 7 are freed from thecontrol of the edge 62. j
j. The knob 74 simultaneously with the rack 81 shifts the rack 79 two steps to the rear. The rack 79 is thus set for causing the totalizer 27 to be shifted to the right and equal number of steps before taking the product, thus dropping in printing the product a number of orders equal to the decimal orders of f-each factor. The product is thus printed under ,the control of Ithe' sliders 66-and 59, with a number of decimal orders equal to. that of the factors, while the decimal point is printed in plate 49,:
lfit is not desired to presetthe position of the decimal point,
alinement with that of the factors under the control of the while the knob 74 is at zero, the lever 94 (FIG. 1) is brought manually into the position shown bydash lines. When the knob 74is then rotated, the lever 87 (FIG. 3) cannot be rocked clockwise, since the arm 92 is arrested by the projecti'on 93 (FIG. 1) of the lever 94.'The rack 81 is then shifted to the rear, sliding by means of the slot 83 (FIG. 3) on the pin 84 of the arm 86 of the lever 87. The plate 49 therefore does not take part in the movement, while the rack 79 is predisposed for "causing the predetermined number of orders to be dropped in printing the product.
if the pin 73 is not shifted to the left during a cycle, the first slider'7 on the right remains locked by the slider 66, while the other sliders 7 remain locked by the edge 62. if only one order isi'now setup the pin 73 of the slider 28, engages the lug 71 and shifts the slider- 66 to the left only one step. The slider 66 therefore releases theprojection 64 of the slider 7 in the lower order, which strikes the digit set against the platen 9 during the actuating cycle. If, on the other hand, more than one order isset; after the first step performed by the slider 66 alone this carries along the sliders 66 and 59, which therefore release the sliders 7 of the higher orders, thus striking the respective digits against the platen 9 duringthe actuating cycle.
it. is understood that various modifications, improvements and additions of parts may be made in the described device without departing from the scope of the invention. For example. the plate 49 'may have a plurality of notches 56 spaced three steps one from the otherto permit a plurality of sliders 44 to print the decimal point, in order to divide the amount into groups of three orders. From what has been seen hereinbefore, it is moreover apparent that the slider 59 always ensures the printing of a zero to the left of the decimal point when the amount printed does not have whole numbers. if it is desired to avoid printing this zero on the left, as happens in British and American practice, itis sufficient to provide the taken from said totalizer, and a device for controlling the printing'of adecimalpoint having a group ofnormally inoperative decimal point printing element's interspersed with a group of said series of typecarriers,wherein-the improvement comprises'in combination:
a. a first member variably scttable for selecting one of said elements for printing the decimal point;
b. a manual rotatable knob;
c. a pinion secured to said knob;
d. a first rack connected with said first member, and meshing with said pinion for variably setting said first member upon rotation of said knob;
. asec'ond member variably settable for causing a predetermined number of the lowest orders to be dropped in printing said total comprising a second rack meshing with said pinion;
f. anintermediate member normally connecting said first member with said first rack; and g g. means manually operable for rendering said intermediate member inoperative. I
2. in a printing calculating machine comprising a totalizer, a
series of typecarriers for printing the various orders of a total taken from said totalizer, and a transversely movable sup-' printing of the nonsignificant zeros, a device for controlling the printing of the decimal point having a group of normally inoperative decimal point printing elements interspersed with a group of said series of typecarriers, wherein the improvement comprises in combination:
a. a transversely movable plate provided with a notch allowing only one of said elements at a time to print the decimal point; i
b. a settable member variably settable for causing a predetermined number of the lowest orders to be dropped in printing said total;
c. a common manual setting member for simultaneously moving said plate and setting said settable member; and
d. an entraining element provided on said plate for carrying said suppressing slider along to the left.
3. in a printing calculating machine comprising a totalizer, a
series of typecarriers for printing the various orders of a total taken from said totalizer, and a transversely movable sup pressing slider for controllingsaid type carriers to prevent the printing of the nonsignificant zeros, said slider normally allowing the typecarrier of the lower order to print, a device for controlling the printing of the decimal point having a group of normally inoperative decimal pointprinting elements interspersed with a group of said series of typ'eca'rriers, wherein the improvement comprises in combination;
a. a transversely movable plate provided with a notch allowing only one of said elements at a time to print the decimal point;
b. a settable. member. variably settablefor causing a to said suppressing slider, said other slider manually predetermmefi P F 0f the lowest Orders 10 be preventing said lower order typecarrier from printing; dropped in printing said total; and
c. a common manual setting member for simultaneously moving said plate and setting said settable member;
d. an entraining element provided onrsaidplate for carrying said suppressing slider along to the left;
e. another slider transversely movable one step with respect f. means operable by said manual setting member for shifting said suppressing slider transversely through said other slider.
US718658A 1967-04-06 1968-04-04 Device for controlling the printing of the decimal point in a calculating machine or the like Expired - Lifetime US3544000A (en)

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BE (1) BE713087A (en)
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DE (1) DE1774086A1 (en)
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3637987A (en) * 1969-06-04 1972-01-25 Diehl Zero-printing device for calculating machines
US3875858A (en) * 1973-09-10 1975-04-08 Hugh L Clary Zero printing control for data printers

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3637987A (en) * 1969-06-04 1972-01-25 Diehl Zero-printing device for calculating machines
US3875858A (en) * 1973-09-10 1975-04-08 Hugh L Clary Zero printing control for data printers

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SU362547A3 (en) 1972-12-13
FR1560815A (en) 1969-03-21
DE1774086A1 (en) 1971-09-09
CH470717A (en) 1969-03-31
BE713087A (en) 1968-08-16

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