US3538820A - Method for sealing concrete joints with elastomer strips - Google Patents

Method for sealing concrete joints with elastomer strips Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3538820A
US3538820A US3538820DA US3538820A US 3538820 A US3538820 A US 3538820A US 3538820D A US3538820D A US 3538820DA US 3538820 A US3538820 A US 3538820A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
strip
discs
faces
joint
wheel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Burl D Tonjes
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
D S BROWN Co
Original Assignee
D S BROWN Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US51844466 priority Critical patent/US3368465A/en
Application filed by D S BROWN Co filed Critical D S BROWN Co
Priority to US67936767A priority
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3538820A publication Critical patent/US3538820A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C23/00Auxiliary devices or arrangements for constructing, repairing, reconditioning, or taking-up road or like surfaces
    • E01C23/06Devices or arrangements for working the finished surface; Devices for repairing or reconditioning the surface of damaged paving; Recycling in place or on the road
    • E01C23/09Devices or arrangements for working the finished surface; Devices for repairing or reconditioning the surface of damaged paving; Recycling in place or on the road for forming cuts, grooves, or recesses, e.g. for making joints or channels for markings, for cutting-out sections to be removed; for cleaning, treating, or filling cuts, grooves, recesses, or fissures; for trimming paving edges
    • E01C23/0966Devices or arrangements for working the finished surface; Devices for repairing or reconditioning the surface of damaged paving; Recycling in place or on the road for forming cuts, grooves, or recesses, e.g. for making joints or channels for markings, for cutting-out sections to be removed; for cleaning, treating, or filling cuts, grooves, recesses, or fissures; for trimming paving edges for filling or priming, with or without working the surface of the filling or applying particulate material thereto, e.g. for filling the joints of stone-sett paving
    • E01C23/0986Devices or arrangements for working the finished surface; Devices for repairing or reconditioning the surface of damaged paving; Recycling in place or on the road for forming cuts, grooves, or recesses, e.g. for making joints or channels for markings, for cutting-out sections to be removed; for cleaning, treating, or filling cuts, grooves, recesses, or fissures; for trimming paving edges for filling or priming, with or without working the surface of the filling or applying particulate material thereto, e.g. for filling the joints of stone-sett paving with preformed elements, e.g. joint strips
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49863Assembling or joining with prestressing of part
    • Y10T29/4987Elastic joining of parts
    • Y10T29/49872Confining elastic part in socket
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/53Means to assemble or disassemble
    • Y10T29/53657Means to assemble or disassemble to apply or remove a resilient article [e.g., tube, sleeve, etc.]

Description

United States Patent 72 Inventor Burl n. Tonies Malinta, Ohio 211 AppLNo. 679,367

[22] Filed Oct. 31,1967

Division of Ser. No. 518,444,

Jan. 3, 1966, now Pat. No. 3,368,465, dated Feb. 13, 1968 Nov. 10, 1970 The 0.8. Brown Company North Baltimore, Ohio a corporation of Ohio [45] Patented [73] Assignee [54] METHOD FOR SEALING CONCRETE JOINTS WITH ELASTOMER STRIPS 7 Claims, 10 Drawing Figs.

[52] [1.8. CI 94/22, 29/451, 29/235 [51] Int. Cl E0lc 21/00 [50] Field of Search 29/451,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,068,035 l/l937 Meyer 2,354,586 7/1944 Fischer 94/51X 2,550,564 4/l95l Hutton 29/235 2,761,199 9/1956 Allen 29/235 3,200,482 8/1965 Brown Primary ExaminerCharlie T. Moon Attorney-J0hnston, Root, OKeeffe, Keil, Thompson and Shurtleff ABSTRACT: Inserting laterally compressible elastomer strips in concrete joints by rearward conveyance of laterally compressed strip between compression faces above joint, forcing compressed strip downwardly into joint, and advancing faces and strip along joint by rearward thrust of strip against portion previously seated in joint.

Patented Nov. 10,1970

Sheet INV/iNl (m:

ATT'YS Patented Nov. 10, 1970 3,538,820

Sheet. 2 of 6 2 17s 7 fl (Magnify .WRM

ATT'YS Patented Nov. 10, 1970 3,538,820

m INVIiN'lUR. BURL D. TONJES ATT'YS Patented Nov. 10, 1970 3,538,820

Sheet 6 of 6 FIG. 9

' ll'lV/iN'I 01.- BURL D. TON JES 1 ATT'YS' SEALING CONCRETE JOINTS WITH ELASTOMER STRIPS RELATED APPLICATION This application is a division of my copending US. Pat. application Ser. No. 518,444, filed Jan. 3, 1966, now US. Pat. No. 3,368,465.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention in general relates to processes for inserting elongated, laterally compressible strips in slots or grooves, especially in expansion and contraction joints and the like in concrete roadways, concrete airstrips, concrete floors and the.

like.

In recent years, there have been developed, as expansion and contraction joint seals, tubularlike elastomer strips which are inserted into the joints to seal them against intrusion by water, dirt and the like. The sides of the joint seal strips are in tight, sealing contact with the side walls of the slots forming the joints.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION This invention pertains to processes in which strips of the aforesaid character are fed from a spool or other source, laterally compressed between compression faces to a width narrower than the slot or groove forming the joint, and ejected in the compressed state from said faces into the joint. Upon such ejection, the strip expands outwardly against the side walls of the joint.

The processes of the invention preferably are performed by machines, specific embodiments of which are illustrated in the drawings. Such machines may have the following features which are directly related to performance of the process:

a. canted, strip-compression discs embodying a rim portion defining strip-compression faces between which the strip is laterally compressed;

b. lubricant application to opposite sides of the laterally compressible strip and/or the surfaces of the converging discs between which said strip is compressed to make possible the ejection of the laterally compressed strip by an eccentrically mounted, discharge wheel;

. the combination of canted, strip-compression discs having a thin-edged discharge wheel eccentrically positioned therebetween near the area of closest convergence of said discs, whereby the discs compress a hollow elastomer strip with a tight, inward fold in its upper wall and the thin edge of the discharge wheel enters the right fold in the upper wall to engage the sides of the thin edge with the sides of the fold with sufficient friction to cause said strip to be ejected in its laterally compressed state from the compression discs;

d. mechanism for horizontally or vertically adjusting the position of the discharge wheel; and

e. the provision of strip-guide shoes between the canted discs at the strip-feed zone to prevent fouling of the feed ofthe strip into the canted discs.

, Among the new innovations in processes for inserting said strips in concrete joints and the like may be listed the following features:

a. the step of lubricating the sides of theseal and/or the' compression disc faces in contact therewith in a manner whereby the laterally compressed strip does not slip between compression faces, yet will slip enough to be ejected into the joint;

b. the lateral compression of the aforedescribed hollow, elastomer strip between the compression faces in a manner whereby the elastomer top wall of the strip is folded tightly inwardly and the ejection thereof in the laterally compressed state via penetration of the right fold by the thin edge portion of the eccentric discharge wheel; and

c. in the most preferred form, the insertion of the laterally compressed strip in the joint with a longitudinal compres METHOD FOR sion force in the strip, which is provided by power drive of Q the compression faces, and rearward pushing action thereof againstthe inserted strip via the short strip portion being ejected by the discharge wheel.

It is accordingly a primary object of this invention to provide processes of the aforesaid character embodying one or more of the aforesaid features. Another object of the inventionis to provide processes for laterally compressing and inserting into a slot or groove an elongated, laterally compressible strip which is fed continuously during the strip-inserting operation. Astill further object of the invention is to provide improvements in processes for laterally. compressing and inserting laterally compressible strips into slots or grooves. A particular object of the invention is to provide improvements in processes for inserting elongated, tubelike elastomer strips in a laterally compressed state into expansion and contraction joints in concrete.

The foregoing and numerous other important objects, advantages, features, and inherent functions of the invention will be apparent as the same are more fully understood from the following description, which, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, discloses preferred embodiments of machines for practicing the processes of the invention.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a side elevation of an embodiment of such machine with the rear portion thereof shown in fragment;

FIG. 2 is a side elevation of the rear portion of the opposite side of said embodiment;

FIG. 3 is atransverse cross section through a webbed, elongated, elastomer strip which may be inserted into slots or grooves by the illustrated embodiment;

FIG. 4 is a transverse section ofajoint in concrete and illustrates the strip of FIG. 2 being inserted therein;

FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the lubricant application system of the embodiment;

FIG. 6 is a perspective, front view of the frame elements of the machine;

FIG. 7 is a side, perspective view of a fragment of the machine and shows one side of the hinged frame swung to open position;

FIG. 8 is a cross section taken on section plane 8-8 of FIG.

FIG. 9 is a side elevation of another embodiment; and

FIG. 10 is a side elevation of a lubricant applicator block and a segment of the rim to which the lubricant is applied.

Referring to the drawings, the embodiment of FIGS. 1-8 is described in subsections comprising a frame and wheels, the compressible strip feed unit, the compressible strip discharge wheel, the front guide wheel, and the lubricant system.

FRAME AND WHEELS front angle iron 12. The supports 13, 13' rigidly support a frame subassembly 14 having a platform 15 and also rigidly support a center plate 16 projecting forwardly and lying substantially in the vertical, longitudinal plane through the machine. The center plate 16 has rigidly joined to its upper edge a horizontal support plate 17.

The rear underframe 10 has an axle 18 on which is rotatably supported the rubber-tired, rear wheels 19 of the machine. An internal combustion engine 20 is mounted on the frame channel 11 and is connected by a belt and pulley drive 21 to a reduction gear of a conventional reduction gear box 22. The shaft 24 for the reduction gear is connected by a belt and pulley takeoff drive 23 to a lubricating pump 26 (FIG. 2) mounted on the angle iron supports 13, 13.

The front part of the frame comprises, besides the center plate 16, a pair of side frame subassemblies 30 and 31 pivotally joined by front hinges 32 and 33, whereby each frame subassembly or 31 is individually pivotable about a vertical axis through the hinges 32 and 33. FIG. 7 shows frame subassembly 30 in outwardly pivoted position.

Frame subassemblies 30 and 31 respectively are held rigid with the center plate 16 and support plate 17 by bolts 34 and bolts 35. Bolts 34 each have a pivot head 39 pivotally supported in saddle 36 (rigidly mounted on top plate 17) by means of a pivot pin 37 extending across the U-recess 38. Bolts 34 each have a threaded shank 40 on which is threaded nut 41.

In lock position, each shank 40 lies in a U-recess 42 in the upper edge of the rear wall 43 of the vertical, U-channel 44 of the respective frame subassembly 30 and 31. The front faces of saddles 36 have two studs 45 whichenter apertures 46 in the rear face 43 of U-channel 44 to provide proper alignment when the frame subassemblies are in lock position. Nuts 41 are drawn tight against the front face of rear wall 43.

To unlock the frame subassemblies, nuts 41 are loosened sufficiently to allow bolts 36 to be pivoted out of U-recess 42, e.g., to upstanding position as shown in FIG. 7.

Bolts 35 are conventional bolts respectively extending through a hole in the rearward edge of the bottom, L-channel 48 with the bolt shank threaded in tapped hole in block or plate 50, the latter in turn being rigidly attached to the rear frame channel 12.

The respective frame subassemblies 30 and 31 can be best seen in FIGS. 1 and 6. Each comprises the aforesaid vertical, U-channel 44 having its lower end rigidly welded to bottom, L-channel 48. The latter, in turn, is connected to lower hinge 33 by a front plate 51. The upper hinge 32 is connected to each frame subassembly 30 and 31 by a front L-channel 52, which is rigidly joined to U-channel 44 by a pair of converging frame bars 53 and 54.

The front wheels 55 comprise rubber tire wheels which can swing about on casters 56. The respective casters 56 are mounted near an end of outrigger arm 58 comprising bottom plate 59 and spaced, side plates 60 and 61 rigidly joined together and to U-channel 44.

Each bottom plate 59 rigidly supports a vertical tube 62, which serves as a bearing for the vertical shaft 63 of caster 56. Shaft 63 is rotatable in tube 62 and freely axially slidable therein. Casters 56 are settable in two different, vertical positions relative to their respective frame subassemblies 30 and shown in FIG. 6. The up-position is used when the machine is laying elastomer strip in the concrete joint. The down-position plate 67 attached to the rear frame 10 is provided for this purpose (FIG. 2). When the machine is so tilted, casters 56 drop down by virtue of the free axial slidability of respective shafts 63 in respective tubes 62. Blocks 66 are permitted to swing by gravity to vertically downwardly hanging position as shown in FIG. 7. In such position, the respective upper ends of shafts 63 abut the respective lower ends of blocks 66, thereby holding casters 56 in down-position and keeping the machine tilted upwardly from rear to front.

The blocks 66 are pivoted about 90 toward the center of the frame to allow the casters to move to up-position (FIG. 1). This is done by rotating the arms 67 and 68 on pivot rod 69 in an upward direction to pivot blocks 66 via chain links 70 and 71. Pivot rod 69 is pivotally supported at the front edge of top plate 17 by plate bearings 72, which are mounted on cross bar 73, the latter being secured to plate 17.

Pivot rod 69 has an arm 74 attached thereto at the center portion. Arm 74 is connected by rod 75 to a pivotable lever 76 having a handle 77 at its free end and being pivotally mounted at its other end to the underside of block 78. The latter is mounted on the handle rod 80 of handle rod pair 79 and 80, which rods are rigidly attached at the forward ends thereof to the top plate 17 and to the handle bar 81 at the rearward ends thereof. The pivotal movement of lever '76 is transmitted through rod 75, pivot rod 69, and chains 70 and 71 to pivot the blocks 66.

COMPRESSIBLE STRIP FEED UNIT A type of laterally compressible strip for use in sealing roadway joints is illustrated in FIGS. 3 and 4. The strip 86 is an extruded elastomer strip having downwardly tapered side walls 87, a top wall 88, and a V-shaped bottom wall 89. These elongated walls are interconnected by a network of diagonally oriented, collapsible, elongated webs 90 having therebetween triangular and diamond-shaped elongated hollow spaces when the strip is in the normal, uncompressed state as shown in FIG. 3. The webs 90 collapse when the strip 86 is laterally compressed as is shown in FIG. 4, which illustrates the strip in the slot or groove 91 of a roadway joint in poured concrete 92.

The strip 86 is coiled on a spool 87, which is supported by rod 88. Each end of rod 88 is rotatably supported on a pair of wheels in the upper recess 90 of respective bars 91. The latter are secured to vertical legs 92 of the U-bracket 93, the base leg 94 of which is removably mounted on mounting brackets on the top plate 17. The strip 86 is fed from the spool 87 through a vertical tube 96 mounted immediately above the forward, outer edges of the canted discs 97 and 98 by L- bracket 99 and a pair of brace arms 100.

These canted discs are rotatably journaled on the respective, vertical, U-channels 44. Referring particularly to FIG. 8, each disc 97 and 98 has a hub 101 containing sleeve bearing 102. The hub and sleeve bearing are rotatably mounted on a stub axle 103, which is rigidly mounted in a mounting block 104. Each mounting and thrust block 104 is rigidly mounted in a respective, vertical channel 44. The outer end of each stub axle 103 has a flat portion 105, against which bears the inner end of set screw 106 in mounting block 104.

The inner end of each of the hubs 101 is rigidly connected to a symmetric central disc plate 107 having a peripheral flange 108. The axes of axles 103 are at a small, acute angle to the horizontal, whereby the disc pair comprising the canted discs 97 and 98 converge most closely at the bottom portions of said discs and diverge the greatest distance at the top portions thereof (FIG. 8).

The members of the canted discs 97 and 98 which apply the lateral compression to the strip 86 are the rims 109. As shown particularly in FIG. 8, the rims 109 are oriented so that their strip-contacting faces are substantially parallel and lie substantially in the vertical plane as each portion of the rim is at the bottom point of revolution. This orientation of the rims 109 affords the best arrangement for ejection of the strips at the bottom point of revolution of the rims.

The forces required to laterally compress strips of the nature of strip 86 between the rims 109 are substantial. Therefore, each disc has two pressure rollers 110 and 111 bearing against the outer edge 112 of the central disc plate 107. Rollers 110 and 111 may press against rims 109, if desired. The rollers 110 and 111 resist the spread thrust against compression discs 97 and 98, which occurs when strip 86 is compressed therebetween. Rings 113 are rigidly secured on the inner ends of stub axles 103 to prevent the compression discs from falling off these ends of the stub axles.

Each pressure roller 110 is mounted on the underside of the respective frame channel 48. Each pressure roller 111 is mounted on the respective frame bar 54. The details of the roller mounting for rollers 110 are shown in FIG. 8. The same type of mounting is used for mounting the rollers 111 on the respective frame bars 54.

Referring to FIG. 8, rollers 110 are mounted on plates 115, which are rigidly welded to the inner sides of frame channels 48. A block 116 is welded to the underside of each frame channel 48. The respective threaded shafts 117 of rollers 110 extend from hubs 118 of the rollers 110 through legs 119 of 1.- bars 120 and through slots 121 in plates 115. The rollers 110 and L-bars 120 are held on the undersides of respective plates 115 and channels 48 by nuts 122. A set screw 123 is threaded in each block 116, the inner end of which bears against the leg 124 of the respective L-bar 120. The set screws 123 hold the rollers in the desired position under the lateral thrust forces which occur in lateral compression of the strip.

The rollers 111 are mounted on the frame bars 54 by the same structures. Accordingly, like numerals designate like parts.

STRIP DISCHARGE WHEEL A strip discharge wheel 125, which accomplishes the ejection of the strip 86 from the bottom portions of the canted discs 97 and 98, is mounted for rotation about an axis eccentric to the axes of discs 97 and 98 on the shaft 126. The shaft 126 is displaced rearwardly with respect to the stub axles of discs 97 and 98.

As the strip is fed continuously into front portions of discs 97 and 98 through tube 96 and is carried by said discs to the bottom portions thereof, the opposing faces of the respective rims 109 converge and laterally compress the strip. The discs 97 and 98 are arranged so that the respective, opposite segments of the faces of the rims 109 converge to the narrowest spacing substantially at the lower portions of the discs and diverge to a widest spacing at the upper portions thereof (see FIG. 8). Thus, the strip 86 is laterally compressed to its narrowest width at the bottom portion of the discs. At this point the laterally compressed strip is ejected from the essentially parallel faces of compression discs by the discharge wheel 125. The sides of the main disc body 124 of discharge wheel 125 are in close fit with the essentially parallel compression faces of rims 109, whereby extrusion of the compressed rubber strip into the spaces therebetween is precluded.

As can be noted, particularly from FIG. 8, the lower edges of the discs 97 and 98 do not enter the slot or groove 91. Because of the strength requirements for the rims 109 of discs 97 and 98, in order to achieve the strip-compression function, the compression discs 97 and 98 do not enter the slot or groove 91, but rather are spaced slightly above the surface of the roadway 92 contiguous to the upper edges of the slot or groove 91.

As the strip 86 is compressed, its upper wall 88 folds inwardly into a tight fold in a manner shown in FIG. 4. The thin edge 127 of discharge wheel 125 enters the fold, and the sides of the thin edge 127 frictionally engage the folded sides of the top wall 88 of the strip 86. This frictional engagement causes the strip 86 to be urged from the compression discs and to be ejected from the discs and pressed into slot or groove 91 substantially as shown in FIG. 4.

In this machine, therefore, the thin edge 127 of discharge wheel 125 is substantially narrower than the laterally compressed width of the strip 86 which it ejects and is also substantially narrower than the closest spacing between the rims 109 of the canted discs 97 and 98. The bottom portion of the discharge wheel 125 is below and rearwardly of the bottom edges of discs 97 and 98.

As can be best seen in FIG. 8, the main disc body 124 of discharge wheel 125 is wider than the axially centered, thin edge 127. The sides of the radially outer portions of main disc body 124 rotate in close fit relative to the inner faces of rims 109. This close fit has proved advantageous for keeping portions of the elastomer strip 86 from extruding between said sides and faces under the intensive compression forces which occur when strip 86 is laterally compressed.

The discharge wheel 125 and its shaft 126 are mounted on a linkage which allows the wheel 125 to be raised and lowered between operable and inoperable positions. This raising and lowering is.provided so that the thin edge 127 can be raised above the lower edges of the wheels of the machines so that it will not interfere with or be damaged by movement of the machine during nonoperating periods, e.g., in moving the machine from one roadway joint to another. Furthermore, this linkage embodies mechanisms for adjusting the depth of penetration of the slot or groove 91 by the thin edge 127 of the discharge wheel to control the depth of insertion of strip 86 when the discharge wheel is in operative position.

The aforesaid linkage and associated mechanism can be seen in FIGS. 1 and 7. It comprises a pair of angularly disposed and rigidly interconnected arms 128 and 129 on opposite sides of the discharge wheel 125. The outer ends of arms 128 arepivotally mounted on pin 130, which is supported by bracket structure 131 on the forwardly and downwardly sloping tongue 132 of the center plate 16. The arms 129 respectively are pivotally connected to pivot arms 133 on opposite sides of the wheel by a respective pin 134. The upper ends of arms 133 are pivotally connected by pin 136 to a block 137. The block 137 has two, parallel guide plates 138 rigidly attached to opposite sides of the block 137 and with the horizontal portions thereof slidably resting against opposite sides of the center plate 16. The guide plates 138 are connected by bolts or pins 139 extending through horizontal elongated slots 140 and 141 through the center plate 16. The slots 140 and 141 and pins 139 form a sliding guide for the guide plates 138 and the block 137 supported thereby. The block 137 is moved back and forth by an actuator rod 142, which is connected to the block 137.

The rod 142 is pivotally connected at its other end to an end of pivot arm 143. The other end of pivot arm 143 is pivotally mounted on pin 144 between the frame supports 13, 13. A link rod 145 is pivoted at one end by pin 146 on the midportion of pivot arm 143. At its other end, it is coupled by a threaded coupling 147 to the cross-leg of a U-yoke 148. The side legs of U-yoke 148 are pivoted by pin 149 on the midportion of foot-treadle arm 150, the forward end of which is pivoted by pin 151 between frame supports 13, 13'. The rear end of arm has a foot tread plate 152.

A coil spring 153 is connected at its upper end to a bar 154, which is rigidly supported on frame supports 13, 13', and at its lower end to bar 155 on the foot-treadle arm 150, thereby urging the treadle arm to up-position. It is held in down-position by hooking the arm 150 under the downwardly hooked end 156 of catch plate 157 (FIG. 2), which is mounted below arm 150 on the rear frame structure between channel frame sections 11.

When treadle arm 150 is in up-position, discharge wheel 125 is in the nonoperative, up-position. When it is pushed to down-position and held therein by hooking arm 150 under hooked end 156 of catch plate 157, the plates 138 have moved rearwardly and thereby have caused the linkages of arms 128, 129, and 133 to move wheel 125 down into operative position. The depth to which edge 127 penetrates the slot or groove 91 can be adjusted by shortening or lengthening the total length of rod 145 and U-yoke 148 by means of threaded connection 147.

The brackets 131 are held on tongue 132 by two bolts 158 extending respectively through horizontal slots 159 in the tongue. This permits back and forth adjustment of brackets I31, whereby the discharge wheel 125 can also be shifted back and forth relative to canted discs 97 and 98 to effect adjustments in the strip discharge. Since strip 86 exerts a rearward thrust against the discharge wheel, it is preferred to provide on the rear side of tongue 132 a set screw or bolt assembly 160 to block rearward slippage of the brackets 131 after they have been tightened by bolts 158.

FRONT GUIDE WHEEL The machine is guided as it moves along the slot or groove 91 by a front guide wheel 161, which comprises a narrow wheel 162 which is narrower than the width of the slot or groove 91 and rollers 163 and 164 of smaller diameter. The

front guide wheel 161 is rotatably mounted on axle 165 which is supported on arms 166 and 167 extending downwardly and rearwardly from the wheel mounting bracket 168. The latter is mounted on the lower end of hinge pin 169 of lower hinge 33.

The narrow wheel rides in the slot or groove 91. It need not have an exact fit because the machine needs only' general directional guiding. The weight of the front of the machine is carried by the rollers 163 and 164, which roll on the upper surface of concrete 92 on opposite sides of the slot or groove.

LUBRICANT SYSTEM As aforestated, the pressures exerted against the sides of the strip 86 by the rims 109 of the canted, strip-compression discs 97 and 98 are very great. Hence, there is a great friction force between the side walls 87 of the compressed strip and the contacting faces of the rims 109. This makes it difficult, and sometimes impossible, to eject the strip 86 by the discharge wheel 125. It has been found on occasion that even when the strip 86 is ejected without lubrication, the strip 86 does not seat properly in the groove or slot 91.

Therefore, the lubricant system of the invention is a practical necessity. This lubricant system comprises a lubricant line 170 leading from lubricant pump 26 to shutoff petcock 171. The latter is operated by a rod 172 which extends back to handle 81 where it can be rotated by rod handle 173 (FIG. 6).

Lubricant pumped through the petcock 171 divides in pipe manifold 174 into two pipe branches 175 and 176, each having a manually operable, flow control valve 177 and 178, respectively. Each pipe branch terminates in thin wall tubing 179 and 180, each of which has an end 181 out at an angle (FIG. 7) so that each end 181 rides substantially flat against the respective, inner, strip-compression face of rim 1119 of compression discs 97 and 98. The lubricant system is illustrated schematically in FIG. 5.

Alternatively, the application of the lubricant strip or ribbon to the faces of rims 109 may be done by applicator blocks of the type of blocks 247, as hereinafter described in the embodiment of FIG. 9 and illustrated in FIG. 10.

The illustrated lubricant system applies lubricant to provide enough lubricity to allow strip 86 to be ejected from discs 97 and 98 relatively easily. For purposes of the invention, the lubricant can be applied to the sides $7 of strip 86 and/or to the inner faces of rims 109. Preferably it is applied as a narrow strip of lubricant film near the outer edge of rims 109 so that some area of the contacting portions of rims 1119 and the sides 87 are not lubricated. This gives enough friction to assure that strip 86 will not slip as it is drawn around by the discs 97 and 98. The quantity of lubricant applied to each rim 109 can be adjusted by the respective valves 177 and 178.

The lubricant filmis wiped cleanly off the faces of rims 109 as the strip is ejected. The lubricant preferably is a relatively viscous, nongreasy fluid which leaves upon drying a nongreasy residue having a high coefficient of friction.

The lubricant is supplied from a reservoir 185 having a well 186. Lubricant is drawn from the well 186 into pump 26 via the flexible tube 188. The reservoir 185 is supported on the frame channel 11 by a pair ofvertical support arms 187. A can of lubricant (not shown) may be inverted thereon with a suitable gasket or other connection to the can whereby the lubricant will be drawn out of the can by the pump suction. An assembly 189 of a bracket arm and a coil spring half-loop (FIG. 6) may be used to hold the inverted can on the reservoir.

PROPULSION discs 97 and 98. Chains 197 are deflected by the respective idler sprockets 199, which are journaled on arm 21111. The latter is bolted by bolts 2111 to arm 292,, which is rigidly welded to vertical frame channel 44. The idler sprocket 199 may be disengaged by removing one bolt 291 when it is desired to remove the chain 197, e.g., when opening the frame as shown in FIG. 7.

It will be noted that only the strip-compression discs 97 and 98 are driven in the embodiment as illustrated. Support wheels 19, 55 and 161 are not driven. The invention contemplates, however, the coupling of the power drive to one or more support wheels for advancing the machine at a rate equal to or slightly greater than the lineal rate of feed of strip 116 into the slot or groove 91. In the latter case, the strip 86 may be stretched slightly in the longitudinal direction as it is forced into the slot or groove 91.

As aforesaid, however, the preferred method of inserting the strip involves backing the machine to one end of the slot or groove with discharge wheel 125 at or just behind said end. The power is applied to the strip-compression discs, and the strip 86 is fed and pressed into the end portion of the slot or groove 91. From there on, the machine advances under its own power by virtue of the aforedescribed pushing of the rearwardly advancing, discharged strip portion 2115 (FIG. 1) pushing against the inserted, tightly seated portion 2116 of strip 86. Such method eliminates longitudinal stretch of the elastomer strip.

The drive belt 195 is tensioncd in driving engagement with pulleys 192 and 19 1 by tensioner pulley 219, which is mounted on one leg of pivotable, L-arm 211. The other leg 213 is coupled by tension spring 214 to a split bar coupling 215 mounted on handle arm 86, which spring urges pulley 210 to nontensioning position. The leg 213 is also coupled to link arms 216 and 217, the latter being rigidly joined to rod 218, which is rotatable in the split bar couplings 72 and 215. When handle 219 of rod 218 is drawn up against handle 81, the rod Z18 activates link arms 216 and 217 and L-arm 211 to swing pulley 210 into tensioning engagement with belt 195 and thereby activate the power drive of discs 9'7 and 98.

Pump 26 is driven by belt 221) and its pulleys 221 and 222 (FIG. 1). Pulley 221 is coupled to the same shaft as pulley 194, whereby the pump is motivated only when the strip-compression discs 97 and 98 are being driven. This arrangement automatically stops and starts feed of lubricant concurrently with the stopping and starting of rotation of the discs 97 and 98. Pump 26 preferably is a low/pressure, constant-volume pump driven directly by pulley 222 or via a slip clutch, if desired.

STIZlP GUIDE SHOES in its preferred form, the elastomer strip 36 is guided during the initial portion of its travel in he strip-compression discs 97 and 93 to keep the strip from snaking", i.e., bending and fouling between the upper portions of discs 97 and 98. For this purpose, the machine has opposing, longitudinally curved guide shoes 225 and 226. Guide shoe 225 is a tapered, longitudinally circularly curved tongue having forks 227 on opposite sides of frame plate 16, which are welded thereto. The tapered edges of guide shoe 225 fit just behind the inner side flanges 108.

The guide shoe 226 is coupled to the lower end of upper hinge 32. It is a longitudinally circularly curved, tapered tongue having its tapered edges closely following the outer edges of rims 1119 from the vicinity of upper hinge 32 to the approximate point where discharge wheel begins to force the laterally compressed strip 86 from rims 1119. The widths of guide shoes 225 and 226 are narrow enough to permit movement of the compression discs 97 and 93 to the narrowest, desired spacing.

EMBODIMENT OF FIGURE 9 This embodiment operates on the same principles as those for the embodiment of FIGS. ll.--8. it illustrates practice of the generic invention by a somewhat different mechanical structure. Where applicable, like numerals in FIG. 9 illustrate like parts previously described for FIGS. l--8.

The structures in FIG. 9 which differ in detail from the embodiment of FIG. 8 include the following:

a. The casters 55 are not vertically movable relative to the outrigger arms 58. The movement of the machine between concrete joints is achieved, instead, by raising the discharge wheel 125 and the front guide wheel 229 and rolling the machine on wheels 19 and casters 55. If desired, a front support wheel (not shown) may be provided, which front support wheel can be lowered to elevate the front of the machine and to roll the machine on rear wheels 19 and the lowered front wheel after raising discharge wheel 125 and front guide wheel 229;

b. The machine is guided as it moves along the slot or groove 91 by a front guide wheel 229 which is narrower than the width of the slot or groove 91. The front guide wheel 229 is rotatably mounted on arms 230 extending downwardly and rearwardly of rear portion of the wheel mounting plate 231. The front edge of the plate 231 is connected by hinge 232 to the lower, front hinge 33, and the arm 231 and the wheel 229 thereon may be swung about a horizontal pivot axis. A vertical rod 233 extends through the tube 234, which extends through hinges 32 and 33 and acts as the hinge pin therefore. Rod 233 is connected at its lower end by nuts or other suitable fasteners 235 to the plate 231 in a manner whereby the rod 233 will not bind the pivotal movement of plate 231. The upper end of rod 233 projects above upper hinge 32 and has near its upper end a fixed ring 236. A coil spring 237 is mounted about the upper end of rod 233 and presses outwardly against ring 236 and the upper surface of hinge 32. The spring 236 acts through rod 233 to urge the wheel mounting plate 231 and the wheel mounted thereon to upwardly retracted position.

The wheel 229 is lowered by an actuator mechanism including a vertical support arm238 rigidly attached to upper hinge 32. A support pin 239 pivotally supports L-arm 240, one leg which bears against the upper end of rod 233. The other leg of the L-arm 240 is connected to a cable 241, the other end of which is connected to the pivot arm 242 of the front guide wheel locking control 243, the latter being mounted at any suitable place on the machine frame. When the pivot arm 242 is pushed forwardly, the L-arm 240 pushes rod 233 downwardly and lowers wheel 229. When the pivot arm 242 is pivoted rearwardly, the pressure on the upper end of rod 233 by L-arm 240 is released, whereby the spring 237 urges the rod 233 upwardly to pivot plate 231 and wheel 229 upwardly from the position shown in FIG. 9.

The wheel 229 need not bottom in slot or groove 91. It need only penetrate the slot or groove to the depth substantially as shown in FIG. 9 whereby the sides of the wheel slide along the side walls of slot or groove 91 to guide the machine;

c. The hinge-front frame subassemblies in FIG. 9 are essentially the same as frame subassemblies 30 and 31. Each frame subassembly is bolted in fixed position by remova ble bolts as previously described. In FIG. 9, however, the attachment of the upper end of vertical frame channels 44 is done by two bolts 245 which are threaded into tapped blocks 246, the latter being welded to the top plate 17 immediately behind the upper ends of the respective frame channels 44;

d. The lubricant applicators in FIGS. 9 and 10 comprise, for

each compression disc 97 and 98, a molded plastic applicator block 247 having an applicator face pressing against the inner face of respective rims 109. These blocks 247 are mounted between the discs 97 and 98 by a hinge arm 248 attached to the front portion of the horizontal plate 17. The lubricant applicator blocks 247 apply a thin film of appropriate lubricant to rims 109 of discs 97 and 98 as the latter rotate at points thereon prior to contact of rims 109 with the strip 86 being fed therebetween;

The rim-contacting face 25 I of each applicator block has a groove 252 extending from front to rear, into which groove the relatively viscous lubricant from pump 26 is fed via flexible tubing 249 and communicating passage 250 in the applicator block; and

e. Actuator rod 142 for raising and lowering discharge wheel is merely a push-pull rod having any suitable means at the rear portion thereof to lock it in at least one forward position and at least one rearwardposition.

It will be appreciated from the previous description that the machines and processes of the invention therein have may advantages. In addition to those previously described, it will be appreciated that the machines are transportable readily from job-to-job by small trucks or even by light plane. The casters 55 are located on the machine frame so that they contact the concrete surface just behind the place at which the discharge wheel 125 begins to force the strip 86 into slot or groove 91 when the machine is traveling forwardly (FIGS. 1 and 9). To start that strip in the end of a slot or groove 91, the machine is backed along the slot or groove to the end with discharge wheel 125 right at the end. In backing, casters 55 swing around from the positions illustrated, whereby they remain on the concrete surface and support the machine. Feed of strip 86 is begun, but the machine will not advance until the initial portion of the strip 86 is forced into the end of the slot or groove 91. At this point, with the initial portion of strip 86 seated in the end of the slot or groove, the machine begins to advance by virtue of the forward thrust imparted through the strip, as previously described. The same technique is used in butt-splicing of ends of strips in the same slot or groove. The embodiments utilizing only the aforesaid thrust from the inserted strip have an advantage in butt-splicing in that the end of the strip being inserted is thrust rearwardly against the abutting end of the previously inserted strip.

The discharge wheel 125 may be one in which the peripheral edge is the same width as body portion 124 (without the narrow edge 127). In such case, the periphery may be smooth, serrated or sinuous. With such discharge wheels, the strip 86 is pushed out of the strip-compression discs 97 and 98 by pressure of the peripheral edge against the upper surface of the laterally compressed strip.

A discharge wheel with a narrow edge or rim 127 is much preferred, however, because it centers the laterally-compressed strip and holds it centered as it is forced from discs 97 and 98 into slot or groove 91, aids in achieving proper inward fold of the top wall 88 of the strip 86, provides a relatively large surface area for frictional engagement of the folded top wall 88 and the discharge wheel to facilitate ejection from discs 97 and98, and securely grips the strip in proper shape of the latter before the laterally compressed strip begins its ejection from discs 97 and 98.

It is thought that the invention and its numerous attendant advantages will be fully understood from the foregoing description, and it is obvious that numerous changes may be made in the form, construction and arrahgerpent of the several parts without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention, or sacrificing any of its attendant advantages, the forms herein disclosed being preferred embodiments for the purpose of illustrating the invention.

lclaim:

1. A process for inserting an elongated, laterally compressible, elastomer strip in a concrete joint which comprises laterally compressing said strip between opposed, compression faces and conveying the laterally compressed strip rearwardly to an ejection position immediately above said joint, forcibly ejecting at said position said strip in its laterally compressed state downwardly into said joint by forcing said strip out from between said faces at said position immediately above said joint, forcibly ejecting at said position said strip in its laterally compressed state downwardly into said joint by forcing said strip out from between said faces at said position immediately above said joint and downwardly and rearwardly into said joint from said position, and advancing said compression faces and rearwardly conveyed, laterally compressed strip along said joint by only the force resulting from the rearward thrust of said laterally compressed strip against the portion of said strip previously tightly seated in said joint.

2. A process for inserting a hollow, elongated, laterally compressible, elastomer strip in a concrete joint which comprises laterally compressing said strip between opposing compression faces, conveying said strip rearwardly between said faces to an ejection position immediately above said joint, forcing said top wall of said rearwardly conveyed laterally compressed strip against a thin-edged ejection surface positioned between said faces, said surface extending downwardly and rearwardly from said ejection position into said joint, thereby ejecting said strip from said faces at said ejection position and conveying said strip in a downward and rearward path into said joint, and' advancing said laterally compressed strip, said faces and said ejection surface longitudinally along said joint by only the force resulting from the rearward thrust of said laterally compressed strip against the portion of said strip previously tightly seated in said joint.

3. A process as claimed in claim 1, applying a ribbon of lubricant to said faces prior to contact thereof with the sides of said strip, with the width of the applied lubricant ribbon being less than the width of the contacting surfaces of said faces and the sides of said strip to provide a nonlubricated portion on said contacting faces to maintain some frictional engagement between said faces and the sides of said strip.

4. A process for inserting an elongated, laterally compressible, elastomer strip having an elongated elastomer top wall and elongated elastomer side walls in a concrete joint which comprises laterally compressing said strip between opposing compression faces, conveying said strip rearwardly between said faces to an ejection position immediately above said joint, folding said top wall into a tight, inward fold during lateral compression of said strip, and forcing an orbiting, thin member into said tight, inward fold while orbiting said strip rearwardly by pushing the top of said strip against the thin member while allowing the latter to be orbited about an axis rearwardly of the axis of orbit of said strip and said faces, the sides of said orbiting, thin member frictionally engaging the sides of said tightly folded top wall and thereby ejecting said laterally compressed strip from said faces, forcing said laterally compressed strip into said joint by orbiting said thin member and the ejected strip thereon directly into said joint,

and thereby ejecting said strip from said faces at said ejection position and conveying said strip in a downward and rearward path into said joint while advancing said laterally compressed strip, said faces and said ejection surface longitudinally along said joint.

5. A process as claimed in claim 4 wherein said faces are advanced along said joint by only the force resulting from the rearward thrust of said laterally compressed strip against the portion of said strip previously tightly seated in said joint.

6. A process for inserting an elongated, laterally compressible, elastomer strip in a concrete joint which comprises laterally compressing said strip between opposed, compression faces, conveying said laterally compressed strip between said faces rearwardly to an ejection position immediately above said joint, forcing said strip at said ejection point downwardly from said faces into said joint on an orbiting surface of an ejection member orbiting downwardly and rearwardly between said faces from said ejection position into said joint, and advancing said compression faces and the rearwardly conveyed, laterally compressed strip along said joint by only the force resulting from the rearward thrust of said laterallycompressed strip against the portion of said strip previously tightly seated in said joint.

7. A process for inserting an elongated, laterally compressible, elastomer strip having an elongated elastomer top wall and elongated elastomer side walls in a concrete joint which comprises laterally compressing said strip between opposed, compression faces, conveying said laterally compressed strip between said faces rearwardly to an ejection position immediatel above said joint, folding said top wall into a tight, inward fol during lateral compression of said strip, forcing an orbiting thin member into said tight, inward fold while orbiting said strip rearwardly by pushing the top of said strip against the thin member while allowing the latter to be orbited about an axis rearwardly of the axis of orbit of said strip and said faces, the sides of said orbiting, thin member frictionally engaging the sides of said tightly folded top wall and thereby ejecting said laterally compressed strip from said faces, and forcing said laterally compressed strip into said joint by orbiting said thin member and the ejected strip thereon directly into said joint, and advancing said compression faces and the rearwardly conveyed, laterally compressed strip along said joint.

US3538820D 1966-01-03 1967-10-31 Method for sealing concrete joints with elastomer strips Expired - Lifetime US3538820A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US51844466 US3368465A (en) 1966-01-03 1966-01-03 Machine for inserting elongated laterally compressible strips in concrete joints, and the like
US67936767A true 1967-10-31 1967-10-31

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3538820A true US3538820A (en) 1970-11-10

Family

ID=27059454

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3538820D Expired - Lifetime US3538820A (en) 1966-01-03 1967-10-31 Method for sealing concrete joints with elastomer strips

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3538820A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4738562A (en) * 1987-05-15 1988-04-19 Jmk International, Inc. Apparatus for inserting backing rod into concrete expansion joints
US5190395A (en) * 1992-02-12 1993-03-02 Silicone Specialties, Inc. Expansion joint method and system
US6039503A (en) * 1998-01-29 2000-03-21 Silicone Specialties, Inc. Expansion joint system
US20100303547A1 (en) * 2009-05-29 2010-12-02 The D.S. Brown Company Apparatus for and method of installing elongate seal strips
US20110103890A1 (en) * 2006-11-15 2011-05-05 Bryce Patrick Simons Concrete joint inserter tool
US9109334B1 (en) * 2014-06-10 2015-08-18 Kyle Bourget Backer rod installation tool
US10190311B1 (en) * 2017-07-26 2019-01-29 Embraer S.A. Devices and methods to seal gaps between adjacent structural panels

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4738562A (en) * 1987-05-15 1988-04-19 Jmk International, Inc. Apparatus for inserting backing rod into concrete expansion joints
EP0291310A1 (en) * 1987-05-15 1988-11-17 JMK International Inc. Apparatus for inserting a resilient strip into a groove in a surface
US5190395A (en) * 1992-02-12 1993-03-02 Silicone Specialties, Inc. Expansion joint method and system
US6039503A (en) * 1998-01-29 2000-03-21 Silicone Specialties, Inc. Expansion joint system
US20110103890A1 (en) * 2006-11-15 2011-05-05 Bryce Patrick Simons Concrete joint inserter tool
US20100303547A1 (en) * 2009-05-29 2010-12-02 The D.S. Brown Company Apparatus for and method of installing elongate seal strips
US8100602B2 (en) * 2009-05-29 2012-01-24 The D. S. Brown Company Apparatus for installing elongate seal strips
US9109334B1 (en) * 2014-06-10 2015-08-18 Kyle Bourget Backer rod installation tool
US10190311B1 (en) * 2017-07-26 2019-01-29 Embraer S.A. Devices and methods to seal gaps between adjacent structural panels

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3255943A (en) Apparatus for fabricating wooden structures
US5080747A (en) Heat sealing mechanism with linearly movable seal bars
US5549195A (en) Movable surface with articulated plates
CA1280568C (en) Preparation of a plastic material to be extruded in the shape of a dimensioned strand for use as an insert for multiple glazing
US3841407A (en) Coil tubing unit
US3779295A (en) Log splitter and tube bender
US5518260A (en) Disabled vehicle mover
US3518137A (en) Method and apparatus for producing safety glass panel assembly
US4708519A (en) Asphalt paving machine with liftable, adjustable auger mechanisms
US3209932A (en) Haystack moving apparatus
DE4440660C2 (en) Separating means for separating perforated tube sections
US3260638A (en) Taper and mastic applicator
US4081094A (en) Conveyor-trailer for transporting an agricultural commodity
DE4215726C2 (en) flexo
US3799565A (en) Recreation vehicle
US4320570A (en) Apparatus for disassembling wooden pallets
EP0284761A2 (en) Method and apparatus for transversely cutting strips of deformable material
US4262624A (en) Method of forming puncture preventing layer for tire and apparatus employed therefor
CA1042960A (en) Movable vacuum secured apparatus for inclined or vertical surfaces
US2487149A (en) Apparatus for splicing adhesive sheet material
CN1133811A (en) Transport equipment
US3287879A (en) Bag dispensing, transporting and positioning apparatus
OA1561A (en) Improved device for actuating fluid under pressure, a mobile guideway.
US3826188A (en) Truss fabricating machine
US4162735A (en) Self-loading/unloading apparatus for cargo carrying truck or trailer