US3536069A - Double tray dental apparatus - Google Patents

Double tray dental apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
US3536069A
US3536069A US3536069DA US3536069A US 3536069 A US3536069 A US 3536069A US 3536069D A US3536069D A US 3536069DA US 3536069 A US3536069 A US 3536069A
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apparatus
trays
tray
fig
troughs
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Expired - Lifetime
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Kenneth W Gores
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Kirman Lab Inc
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C19/00Dental auxiliary appliances
    • A61C19/06Implements for therapeutic treatment
    • A61C19/063Medicament applicators for teeth or gums, e.g. treatment with fluorides

Description

United States atent lnventor Kenneth W. Gores Bellevue, Washington Appl. No. 856,395

Filed Sept. 9,1969

Patented Oct. 27, 1970 Assignee Kirman LaboratoriesJnc.

Portland, Oregon a corporation of Washington DOUBLE TRAY DENTAL APPARATUS 6 Claims, 6 Drawing Figs.

U.S. Cl 128/136, 32/ 14 lnt.Cl A6lf5/56 Field ofSearch 32/14, l7;

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,857,909 10/1958 Johnson 128/136 3,416,527 12/1968 Hoef 128/260 Primary Examiner- Robert Peshock Attorney-Ford E. Smith ABSTRACT: Apparatus is provided to encase both upper and lower dentition of a human mouth. A pair of trays are resiliently hinged together to apply forces operating in a divergent manner to aid in retention of the apparatus in the mouth during use which may be as a mouthguard and as a medication applicator.

Patented Oct. 27, 1970 3,536,069

329% E- 5mm DOUBLE TRAY DENTAL APPARATUS SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION A feature of this invention has been the provision of two U- shaped trays shaped to encase upper and lower dentition in the human mouth. Normally the two trays are disposed coplanar in mirrorlike relation. They are joined at the sides by flexible and resilient hinge means permitting the troughs to be disposed to embrace upper and lower dentition. The hinge means operate to insure seating and retention of the trays in place in the mouth. Spongelike material placed in the tray bottoms provide cushioning and also may serve as a carrier and applicator for oral medication.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the double-tray dental ap paratus as it normally appears in coplanar mirrorlikc disposition;

FIGv 2 is a side view of the apparatus disposed to embrace upper and lower dentition;

FIG. 3 is a cross section on line 3-3 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a resilient. spongelike single tray insert;

FIG. 5 is a plan view of a double-tray insert; and

FIG. 6 is a cross section of a tray showing insert retention means.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION Two trays 10 and 12 are arranged in mirrorlike relation to each other as shown in FIG. 1 in which the trays are shown in their normal, coplanar disposition. Each tray is U-shaped and comprises a bottom 14, the inner or lingual wall 16, the outer or buccal wall 18 and rear or end walls 20. In the preferred ar rangement of trays 10 and 12 the open ends of their U-shapes face each other. as shown.

Hinge members 22,22 span between the trays. being anchored at 24 at their ends to like buccal walls 18 of the two trays, an appreciable distance forward ofthe end walls 20.

Desirably the trays 10,12 and hinge members are produced by plastic molding techniques from pliant materials of which polyvinyl chloride, polyethylene and similar plastic materials are suitable. For the sake of comfort to the user. the trays should not be hard and inflexible.

The channel cavity in each tray is configured and sized and shaped to loosely fit either the upper or lower dentition of a user when the apparatus is folded as in FIG. 2. In such situation the flexible hinge members 22 are bent or bowed so that their natural resilience functions to exert divergent forces tending to press and hold the trays into contact with the users teeth.

The elongate form of hinge members 22 permits the trays to conform to the user's jaws with respect to anterior-posterior as well as lateral malrelationship. In other words. a tray may shift forward and rearward as well as laterally with respect to the other tray to obtain the desired conformance.

While this apparatus may be used as a mouthguard by athletes engaging in body contact sports, it has another valuable use in the application of medicinal compounds. An insert 26 formed of spongelike resilient material may be disposed in the cavity of either or both trays. A particular such use is concerned with applying fluoride compounds which are available in liquid and gel form. Such compound may be introduced to the insert or inserts in place in the apparatus. When the two trays are placed in the mouth, the user bites down and compresses the insert material causing the medication to be forced into all interproximal spaces and around and about the teeth. Relief of such pressure causes a sucking back. The result is a thorough and complete bathing treatment of the user's dentition.

In FIG. 5 the double insert comprising portions 27,28 are connected by lateral extending bridges 30,30 which also permit lateral and anterior-posterior adjusting movements to accommodate malocclusion.

The bridge members 22 may be medially thinned as at 23 to some degree less than their cross section adjacent their anchored ends to facilitate the lateral and anterior-posterior shifting required where malocclusion is encountered.

In FIG. 6 instanding horns 32 are shown on the inner surfaces of the walls 16,18 to overlie the insert 26 to loosely hold it in the channel as the device is being readied or placed in the mouth.

The apparatus here disclosed is the preferred form. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that alternatives may be employed to accomplish the same results. Also materials may be substituted to obtain equivalent structure and performance.

Iclaim:

1. Dental apparatus, comprising:

a pair of upper and lower dentition encasing troughs;

a hairpin-shaped resilient bridge member disposed adjacent the buccal exteriors of said paired troughs at each side; said resilient members each having a U-end between a pair of outwardly biased legs; and

said legs being joined to said trough sides forward of the posterior portions thereof.

2. Apparatus according to claim 1 in which the U-ends of said resilient members are disposed adjacent the posterior portions of said pair troughs and said legs are attached forward thereof.

3. Apparatus according to claim 1 in which the troughs and resilient members are formed of pliant material and said resilient members are integrally joined thereto.

4. Apparatus according to claim 3 in which said troughs are closed at their posterior portions.

5. Apparatus according to claim I in which porous, spongelike inserts are disposed in said troughs.

6. Apparatus according to claim 5 in which said troughs include instanding means upon their inner surfaces to partially overlie and retain said inserts in said troughs.

US3536069A 1969-09-09 1969-09-09 Double tray dental apparatus Expired - Lifetime US3536069A (en)

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Cited By (40)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3772790A (en) * 1971-08-09 1973-11-20 Gett C Swan Tooth isolating shield
US3964164A (en) * 1973-02-05 1976-06-22 Hesselgren Sven Gunnar Method of applying preventive and therapeutic agents
US4114614A (en) * 1976-11-19 1978-09-19 Kesling Peter C Athletic mouthguard
US4173219A (en) * 1978-01-30 1979-11-06 Sybron Corporation Disposable dental tray
US4305709A (en) * 1980-04-09 1981-12-15 Peter E. Bruhn Tooth protectors
US4475888A (en) * 1982-04-19 1984-10-09 Gores Kenneth W Anteriorly joined dental trays
US4505672A (en) * 1983-11-14 1985-03-19 Kurz Craven H Two-piece gnathologic orthodontic positioner
US4898535A (en) * 1988-04-11 1990-02-06 Bergersen Earl Olaf Self-opening preformed activator and positioner
DE3904699C1 (en) * 1989-02-16 1990-07-26 Winfried Dr. 2390 Flensburg De Zeppenfeld Dental impression tray
US5018533A (en) * 1989-05-25 1991-05-28 Hawkins Richard H Apparatus for the reduction of apnaa in the edentulous
USRE34196E (en) * 1988-08-23 1993-03-16 Dunhall Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Method and material for brightening teeth
US5211559A (en) * 1991-07-18 1993-05-18 Gillette Canada Inc. Dental treatment tray for holding medicament gel
US5234342A (en) * 1990-03-22 1993-08-10 Ultradent Products, Inc. Sustained release method for treating teeth surfaces
US5313960A (en) * 1992-11-04 1994-05-24 Marc S. Bernstein Apparatus and method for reducing snoring and method of making same
US5409631A (en) * 1990-03-22 1995-04-25 Ultradent Products Dental bleaching compositions and methods for bleaching teeth surfaces
US5570704A (en) * 1993-10-28 1996-11-05 Snoreless Corp Universal, user-adjustable oral cavity appliance to control snoring and reduce episodes of obstructive sleep apnea
US5725843A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-03-10 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for bleaching teeth surfaces
US5794627A (en) * 1995-06-23 1998-08-18 Frantz; Don E. Disposable mandibular advancement appliance
US5851512A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-12-22 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental compositions having a sticky matrix material for treating sensitive teeth
US5855870A (en) * 1990-03-22 1999-01-05 Ultradent Products, Inc. Method for treating sensitive teeth
US5947724A (en) * 1995-06-23 1999-09-07 Frantz; Don E. Elastic mandibular advancement appliance with slide-in bite planes
US5985249A (en) * 1990-03-22 1999-11-16 Ultradent Products, Inc. Sticky dental compositions for adhering a passive-type dental tray over a person's teeth
US6036943A (en) * 1990-03-22 2000-03-14 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for treating a person's teeth using sticky dental compositions in combination with passive-type dental trays
US6109265A (en) * 1995-06-23 2000-08-29 Frantz; Don E. Elastic mandibular advancement appliance
WO2001030260A1 (en) * 1998-10-22 2001-05-03 Ortho-Tain, Inc. Intra-oral appliance for the prevention of snoring
US6306370B1 (en) 1997-05-30 2001-10-23 Ultradent Products, Inc. Compositions and methods for whitening and desensitizing teeth
US6309625B1 (en) 1998-11-12 2001-10-30 Ultradent Products, Inc. One-part dental compositions and methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
US6314960B1 (en) * 1998-09-28 2001-11-13 Frank L. Vines Dental medication vacuum pump delivery tray
US20040106970A1 (en) * 2001-08-01 2004-06-03 Vanskiver Greg J. Hinged therapeutic mouthpiece
US20050199247A1 (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-09-15 Charles Garabadian Dental appliance for the treatment of sleep disorders
US20050236003A1 (en) * 2004-04-16 2005-10-27 Meader Charles R Apnea nipple and oral airway and mandibular advancement device
US20050241650A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-11-03 Lombardi Drew R Anterior sextant dental bite tray apparatus
US20070151567A1 (en) * 2006-01-05 2007-07-05 John Maurello Easy breathing mouthguard
US20070196287A1 (en) * 1998-11-12 2007-08-23 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
US20090136893A1 (en) * 2007-11-26 2009-05-28 Peter John Zegarelli Oral appliance for delivering a medicament
US20090241969A1 (en) * 2007-11-18 2009-10-01 Elijah Walker Integrated oral appliance for sleep-disordered breathing
US9310355B1 (en) 2015-06-16 2016-04-12 President And Fellows Of Harvard College Methodology of dental caries detection
US9539075B2 (en) 2011-09-12 2017-01-10 Mavrik Dental Systems, Ltd. Devices, systems and methods for the whitening of teeth
US9662276B2 (en) 2015-06-16 2017-05-30 President And Fellows Of Harvard College Methodology of dental caries detection
USD808022S1 (en) * 2012-02-29 2018-01-16 Petruska, Llc Oral device for preventing snoring and sleep apnea

Cited By (60)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3772790A (en) * 1971-08-09 1973-11-20 Gett C Swan Tooth isolating shield
US3964164A (en) * 1973-02-05 1976-06-22 Hesselgren Sven Gunnar Method of applying preventive and therapeutic agents
US4114614A (en) * 1976-11-19 1978-09-19 Kesling Peter C Athletic mouthguard
US4173219A (en) * 1978-01-30 1979-11-06 Sybron Corporation Disposable dental tray
US4305709A (en) * 1980-04-09 1981-12-15 Peter E. Bruhn Tooth protectors
US4475888A (en) * 1982-04-19 1984-10-09 Gores Kenneth W Anteriorly joined dental trays
US4505672A (en) * 1983-11-14 1985-03-19 Kurz Craven H Two-piece gnathologic orthodontic positioner
US4898535A (en) * 1988-04-11 1990-02-06 Bergersen Earl Olaf Self-opening preformed activator and positioner
USRE34196E (en) * 1988-08-23 1993-03-16 Dunhall Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Method and material for brightening teeth
DE3904699C1 (en) * 1989-02-16 1990-07-26 Winfried Dr. 2390 Flensburg De Zeppenfeld Dental impression tray
US5018533A (en) * 1989-05-25 1991-05-28 Hawkins Richard H Apparatus for the reduction of apnaa in the edentulous
US5851512A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-12-22 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental compositions having a sticky matrix material for treating sensitive teeth
US5234342A (en) * 1990-03-22 1993-08-10 Ultradent Products, Inc. Sustained release method for treating teeth surfaces
US6036943A (en) * 1990-03-22 2000-03-14 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for treating a person's teeth using sticky dental compositions in combination with passive-type dental trays
US5409631A (en) * 1990-03-22 1995-04-25 Ultradent Products Dental bleaching compositions and methods for bleaching teeth surfaces
US6086855A (en) * 1990-03-22 2000-07-11 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for making scalloped dental trays for use in treating teeth with sticky dental compositions
US5725843A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-03-10 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for bleaching teeth surfaces
US5746598A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-05-05 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental bleaching compositions including a sticky matrix material
US5759037A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-06-02 Ultradent Products Inc Methods for manufacturing dental trays having thin walls for increased comfort
US5759038A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-06-02 Fischer; Dan E. Dental kit for applying sticky dental bleaching compositions to a person's teeth
US5770105A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-06-23 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for manufacturing sticky bleaching compositions
US5770182A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-06-23 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for treating teeth with anticariogenic and antimicrobial dental compositions
US5985249A (en) * 1990-03-22 1999-11-16 Ultradent Products, Inc. Sticky dental compositions for adhering a passive-type dental tray over a person's teeth
US5846058A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-12-08 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental trays having thin walls for increased patient comfort
US6183251B1 (en) 1990-03-22 2001-02-06 Ultradent Products, Inc. Scalloped dental trays for use in treating teeth with sticky dental compositions
US5855870A (en) * 1990-03-22 1999-01-05 Ultradent Products, Inc. Method for treating sensitive teeth
US5211559A (en) * 1991-07-18 1993-05-18 Gillette Canada Inc. Dental treatment tray for holding medicament gel
US5313960A (en) * 1992-11-04 1994-05-24 Marc S. Bernstein Apparatus and method for reducing snoring and method of making same
US5570704A (en) * 1993-10-28 1996-11-05 Snoreless Corp Universal, user-adjustable oral cavity appliance to control snoring and reduce episodes of obstructive sleep apnea
US5947724A (en) * 1995-06-23 1999-09-07 Frantz; Don E. Elastic mandibular advancement appliance with slide-in bite planes
US5794627A (en) * 1995-06-23 1998-08-18 Frantz; Don E. Disposable mandibular advancement appliance
US6109265A (en) * 1995-06-23 2000-08-29 Frantz; Don E. Elastic mandibular advancement appliance
US6306370B1 (en) 1997-05-30 2001-10-23 Ultradent Products, Inc. Compositions and methods for whitening and desensitizing teeth
US6314960B1 (en) * 1998-09-28 2001-11-13 Frank L. Vines Dental medication vacuum pump delivery tray
WO2001030260A1 (en) * 1998-10-22 2001-05-03 Ortho-Tain, Inc. Intra-oral appliance for the prevention of snoring
US6309625B1 (en) 1998-11-12 2001-10-30 Ultradent Products, Inc. One-part dental compositions and methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
US6368576B1 (en) 1998-11-12 2002-04-09 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for bleaching, opacifying and desensitizing teeth
US8936778B2 (en) 1998-11-12 2015-01-20 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
US20070196287A1 (en) * 1998-11-12 2007-08-23 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
US7527642B2 (en) 2001-08-01 2009-05-05 Vanskiver Greg J Hinged therapeutic mouthpiece
US20090216303A1 (en) * 2001-08-01 2009-08-27 Vanskiver Greg J Hinged therapeutic mouthpiece
US20040106970A1 (en) * 2001-08-01 2004-06-03 Vanskiver Greg J. Hinged therapeutic mouthpiece
US7044929B2 (en) * 2001-08-01 2006-05-16 Vanskiver Greg J Hinged therapeutic mouthpiece
US20060161234A1 (en) * 2001-08-01 2006-07-20 Vanskiver Greg J Hinged therapeutic mouthpiece
US6983752B2 (en) * 2004-03-11 2006-01-10 Sleep Sound Services Zzz Dental appliance for the treatment of sleep disorders
US20050199247A1 (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-09-15 Charles Garabadian Dental appliance for the treatment of sleep disorders
US20050236003A1 (en) * 2004-04-16 2005-10-27 Meader Charles R Apnea nipple and oral airway and mandibular advancement device
US20050241650A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-11-03 Lombardi Drew R Anterior sextant dental bite tray apparatus
US7404404B2 (en) * 2004-04-29 2008-07-29 Lbb Enterprises, Llc Anterior sextant dental bite tray apparatus
US20070151567A1 (en) * 2006-01-05 2007-07-05 John Maurello Easy breathing mouthguard
US20090241969A1 (en) * 2007-11-18 2009-10-01 Elijah Walker Integrated oral appliance for sleep-disordered breathing
US8127769B2 (en) * 2007-11-18 2012-03-06 Dreamscape Medical Llc Integrated oral appliance for sleep-disordered breathing
US20090136893A1 (en) * 2007-11-26 2009-05-28 Peter John Zegarelli Oral appliance for delivering a medicament
US8113837B2 (en) 2007-11-26 2012-02-14 Peter John Zegarelli Oral appliance for delivering a medicament
US9579178B2 (en) 2007-11-26 2017-02-28 Peter John Zegarelli Oral appliance for delivering a medicament
US8585406B2 (en) 2007-11-26 2013-11-19 Peter John Zegarelli Method for constructing an oral appliance for delivering a medicament
US9539075B2 (en) 2011-09-12 2017-01-10 Mavrik Dental Systems, Ltd. Devices, systems and methods for the whitening of teeth
USD808022S1 (en) * 2012-02-29 2018-01-16 Petruska, Llc Oral device for preventing snoring and sleep apnea
US9310355B1 (en) 2015-06-16 2016-04-12 President And Fellows Of Harvard College Methodology of dental caries detection
US9662276B2 (en) 2015-06-16 2017-05-30 President And Fellows Of Harvard College Methodology of dental caries detection

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