US35295A - Improvement in water-elevators - Google Patents

Improvement in water-elevators Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US35295A
US35295A US35295DA US35295A US 35295 A US35295 A US 35295A US 35295D A US35295D A US 35295DA US 35295 A US35295 A US 35295A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
windlass
bucket
water
spout
rope
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B17/00Hoistway equipment
    • B66B17/14Applications of loading and unloading equipment
    • B66B17/26Applications of loading and unloading equipment for loading or unloading mining-hoist skips

Description

of a part detached.

j UNI-TED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

J. s. BROWN, or WASHINGTON, DISTRICT or COLUMBIA, ASSIGNOB 'ro IIIMSELE, AND JOSEPH KENT, or NEW ALBANY, INDIANA.

llvlPRovElvl ENT |N wATER-ELEvAlToRs.

Specication forming part of Letters Patent No. 35,295, dated May 20, 1862.

To all wtm it may concern:

Be yit known that l, J. S. BROWN, of "Washington, in the District of Columbia, have invented a new and Improved Apparatus for Drawing Water from Vells in Buckets; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, makingpart of this Specification. l.

Figure 1 is a vertical section of the curb and side elevation of the windlass and bucket of my improved Water-drawing apparatus, the bucket being shown in its position just before `being moved over the spout; Fig. 2, a corresponding View just after the bucket has been moved over the spout and when its valve is lifted for discharging the Water therein; Fig. 3, a vertical section of the bucket, as in Fig.

. 2, when discharging the water,rthe view being at right angles to that in Fig.2; Fig. 4, aview of the windlass slightly modified; Fig. 5, a plan Like letters designate corresponding parts in all of the iigures.

A well-curb, A, of Ordin-ary construction is employed, the spout D of Which is also constructed as usual, except that it projects inward rather farther than usual, to an extent to `be determined by the-size and position of the bucket; In addition to the dischargingspout Dl another spout, E, called the dippingspout, is located just beneath the said spout D, and inclines inward instead of outward far enough to discharge Whatever Water it receives linto the Well. Its outer upper end projects outward a very little farther than the spout D and as closebeneath it as practicable, so that when the water isflowing in a stream from the discharging-spout this ,lower spout Vdoes not interfere with the current; but as soon as the stream of water ceases and the water begins to fall in drops from the spout D it descends vertically and is all caught in the drippingspout and conveyed Vthereby back into the well. The advantage of this is obvious. It Vobviates the wetting of the platform in Warm Weather, thus removing the liability of its becoming infested with vermin, and, especially .in Winter, preventing the platform becoming icedand slippery. j V

The windlass B is composed of a cylindrical portion, c, on which an ordinary rope or cord,

through the center of the windlass. The

shaft has nothing peculiar in construction, and a winch, C, of common con struction may be used to turn the Windlass. The diameter of the cylindrical portion a of the windlass should be sufcient to give as much slope or inclination to the conical portion b as necessary tocause the rope to run readily off to the apex thereof. About eight or ten inches in diameter will be found sufiicient for a conical portion of as many inches in length, and eight inches of side motion given to the bucket will be sufficient to convey it far enough over the discharging-spout. The upper end of the rope H is attached to the windlass by a pin, t, Fig. 1, or its equivalent, which is removable and transferable to different holes, o o, situated in line of circle in the Windlass,so that the rope may be so adjusted in length that when it, is wound around the Windlass to the termination ofthe l cylindrical portion and about to run off on the conical portion Zi the bucket G shall be just high enough to pass over without touching the discharging-spout AD by an-obliquelyupward side movement, substantially as indi- 1 cated in Fig. 1, and the height of the YWindlass 'above the spout D is such in relation to the height of the bucket G and its bail g that when the rope 'shall have run off the Whole .length of thei conical portion b of the windlass to the shaft c it shall be all wound up, substantially as shown in Fig.4 2.

The position of the windlass is such that when the rope H is ready to run off upon the conical portion b the bucket G shall be as'close to the inner end of the spout D as practicable Without striking against it, as seen in Fig. 1, and the length of the conical portion b is sufficient to carry the bucket far enough over the spout to discharge all the water therein from a central aperture in the bottom of the bucket, as indicated in Fig. 2. In order to insure the success of this movement of the bucket, it is necessary that the rope H shall be wound around the win dlass a uniform n umber of times before ruiming oft' upon the conical portion. This is generally secured readily by the mere adjustment of the rope properly in rs't putting on, as it will usually wind its coils close to each other; but since some persons do not turn the windlass very steadily there is some liability to disarrangement. The desired uniformity, however, is easily attained by simply placing' the windlass Il at a slight inclination, the end on which the rope winds being a little the highest, as indicated in Fig. 4, the red line ai indicating about the proper degree of inclination. This causes the rope always to hug the previous coil, so that it must necessarily wind closely and uniformly; but when two buckets are employed this inclination cannot be given to Y the windlass. The same result, however, may

be nearly as etfectually accomplished by having the (otherwise) cylindrical portion (L of the windlass taper a little both ways toward the middle, as indicated by red lines at s s in Fig. LL. These two modifications are intended as the simplest and cheapest means of effecting the desired result to be adopted. A better but somewhat more costly means of securing the coiling of the rope properly is a spiral groove, f, cut like a screw-thread in the cylindrical portion of the windlass, as shown at the right end in Figs. l and 2. This spiral groove is readily made when the windlass is turned in au engii'xelathe. The width of the groove should be a very little greater than the diameter of the rope used. A short pin or projection, (l, is also required to be located in the proper position, just where the rope is to start to run off on the conical portion of the windlass, to prevent the buckets drawing off the coils of the rope 'from the cylindrical portion, and also to insure the ropes starting at the right point on the circumference of the windlass to run off. lVhen no groove f is employed, there should be several of these pins just at the junction of the cylindrical and conical portions of the windlass, substantially as shown in Figs. l and 2.

The water is discharged through an aper ture, M, Fig. 3, in the center of the bottom of the bucket, so that it will fall into the spout D in whatever way the bucket may hang. If desired, there may be a short tube, r, below the aperture M, to direct the stream of water more steadily and compactly into the spout below. The aperture is covered by a valve, L, of any ordinary construction. This valve is lifted for discharging the water at the proper time by the action of the windlass or of its shaft c, substantially as follows:

The bail g of the bucket has an eye or loop in the middle projecting upward at right angles thereto, and the rope H is passed through this eye, then doubled over itself a short distance, where the two parts are fastened together by a cord or any equivalent means, as ath in the drawings. Over the eye of the bail a short lever, l, (shown separatelyin Fig. 5,) is placed, a cent-ral slot, lL', therein embracing said eye, so that the lever may readily vibrate vertically thereon. There are apertures Z I in the ends of the lever, into which two branches of a small chain or cord, m, are respectively hooked. The branches are of even length and imite a little below the bail, and thence only a single chain is required, eXtending downward to the valve L. This chain is of the proper length to be nearly but not quitey straight when the bucket-bail is upright and the lever I is horizontal. When the rope H has run oft' over the conical portion b of the windlass upon the shaft c and has all been taken up thereby, the doubled part L naturally presenting its fiat or broad side to the windlass and the bail of the bucket itself striking the windlass, as shown in Fig. 2, cause the bucket to assume such a position as to present the lever I, either one end or the other, nearly or quite at right angles to the windlass, and as one end of it strikes the windlass it is depressed thereby, the opposite end being elevated to an equal extent, as clearly shown in Fig. 3. The elfect is to raise that branch of the chain m which is attached to the elevated end of the lever, and consequently to draw upon the single portion of the chain and to lift the valve, as shown, and it obviously makes no difference which end of the lever is depressed, the effect on the lower end of the chain and on the valve is the same. \Vhen the rope begins to be unwound again, the lever is broughtback again to a horizontal position by the weight of the valve in the act of closing. The valve requires to be weighted in any case sufficiently to keep it closed under water, and this is sufficient for the purpose above named. The weight p is very cheaply made of cast-iron, and is fastened to a piece of leather, n, for the packing' and hinge.

lVhen the bucket is moved over the spout and suspended from the axle of the windlass, it is very easy to sustain it while discharging the water, so that a child may draw water with little danger, even though no ratchetwheel and pawl are used, which, however, may be employed, if preferred. As soon as the bucket is emptied of the water, the small leverage exerted by it on the windlass enables it to be overbalanced by the winch or crank C, which is made sufficiently heavy for that purpose, and is arranged so as to hang on the opposite side of the windlass to the bucket in that position, thus preventing its descent into the well unless started back purposely.

lVhen two buckets are used, another spout, D, is located in the opposite side of the wellcurb to receive the water from it. This is very convenient when two pails are brought at once to be filled, one being placed under l if preferred.

one spout and the other under the other spout; but both spouts may unite on one side,

Instead of tWo buckets, a counterweight may be employed to equalize the Weight of the single bucket both in ascending and descending. The cord of the Weight Will run on the Windlass in the place of the rope of the y additional bucket.

295 'y .i .s

` 2. The lever I and double branch chain or cord m, acting' in combination, substantially as speciiied, for lifting the Valve.

3. Overbalancing the empty bucket G when suspended at or near the conical portion stantially as and for the purpose herein set forth. p v

4. The dripping-spout E, arrangedand operating in combination With the dischargingspout'D, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

J. S; BROWN.

7i tn esses:

WM. FRANK BROWN, N. W. NORTHRUP.

erating substantially as herein specified.

of the Windlass, by the crank or Winch c, sub--

US35295A Improvement in water-elevators Expired - Lifetime US35295A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US35295A true US35295A (en) 1862-05-20

Family

ID=2104872

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US35295A Expired - Lifetime US35295A (en) Improvement in water-elevators

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US35295A (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6006748A (en) * 1996-10-16 1999-12-28 Resmed Limited Vent valve apparatus
US6029665A (en) * 1993-11-05 2000-02-29 Resmed Limited Determination of patency of airway
US6029660A (en) * 1996-12-12 2000-02-29 Resmed Limited Substance delivery apparatus
US6091973A (en) * 1995-04-11 2000-07-18 Resmed Limited Monitoring the occurrence of apneic and hypopneic arousals
US6119723A (en) * 1997-02-14 2000-09-19 Resmed Limited, Apparatus for varying the flow area of a conduit
US6152129A (en) * 1996-08-14 2000-11-28 Resmed Limited Determination of leak and respiratory airflow
US6155986A (en) * 1995-06-08 2000-12-05 Resmed Limited Monitoring of oro-nasal respiration
US20040255943A1 (en) * 2003-06-23 2004-12-23 Make Morris System and method for providing a breathing gas
US20070051371A1 (en) * 1987-06-26 2007-03-08 Sullivan Colin E Method and apparatus useful in the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea of a patient
US20090027689A1 (en) * 2003-10-27 2009-01-29 The General Hospital Corporation Method and apparatus for performing optical imaging using frequency-domain interferometry
US20110201924A1 (en) * 2002-04-30 2011-08-18 The General Hospital Corporation Method and Apparatus for Improving Image Clarity and Sensitivity in Optical Tomography Using Dynamic Feedback to Control Focal Properties and Coherence Gating
US8381722B2 (en) 1993-11-05 2013-02-26 Resmed Limited Distinguishing between closed and open airway apneas and treating patients accordingly
US8684000B2 (en) 1997-11-07 2014-04-01 Resmed Limited Administration of CPAP treatment pressure in presence of apnea
US8733351B2 (en) 1996-09-23 2014-05-27 Resmed Limited Method and apparatus for providing ventilatory assistance

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070051371A1 (en) * 1987-06-26 2007-03-08 Sullivan Colin E Method and apparatus useful in the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea of a patient
US6029665A (en) * 1993-11-05 2000-02-29 Resmed Limited Determination of patency of airway
US8381722B2 (en) 1993-11-05 2013-02-26 Resmed Limited Distinguishing between closed and open airway apneas and treating patients accordingly
US6138675A (en) * 1993-11-05 2000-10-31 Resmed Ltd. Determination of the occurrence of an apnea
US6091973A (en) * 1995-04-11 2000-07-18 Resmed Limited Monitoring the occurrence of apneic and hypopneic arousals
US6155986A (en) * 1995-06-08 2000-12-05 Resmed Limited Monitoring of oro-nasal respiration
US6152129A (en) * 1996-08-14 2000-11-28 Resmed Limited Determination of leak and respiratory airflow
US8733351B2 (en) 1996-09-23 2014-05-27 Resmed Limited Method and apparatus for providing ventilatory assistance
US6006748A (en) * 1996-10-16 1999-12-28 Resmed Limited Vent valve apparatus
US6029660A (en) * 1996-12-12 2000-02-29 Resmed Limited Substance delivery apparatus
US6119723A (en) * 1997-02-14 2000-09-19 Resmed Limited, Apparatus for varying the flow area of a conduit
US8684000B2 (en) 1997-11-07 2014-04-01 Resmed Limited Administration of CPAP treatment pressure in presence of apnea
US20110201924A1 (en) * 2002-04-30 2011-08-18 The General Hospital Corporation Method and Apparatus for Improving Image Clarity and Sensitivity in Optical Tomography Using Dynamic Feedback to Control Focal Properties and Coherence Gating
US20040255943A1 (en) * 2003-06-23 2004-12-23 Make Morris System and method for providing a breathing gas
US20090027689A1 (en) * 2003-10-27 2009-01-29 The General Hospital Corporation Method and apparatus for performing optical imaging using frequency-domain interferometry

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1268947A (en) Funnel.
US31618A (en) Water-elevator
US316917A (en) Cord-spool and tension device for grain-binders
US1120041A (en) Hitching-post.
US302086A (en) Fisherman s minnow-bucket
US32580A (en) Water-elevatok
US130442A (en) Improvement in hoisting attachments for the shafts of well-augers
US1937707A (en) Flexible bailer for wells
US39128A (en) Improvement in hay-elevators
US31377A (en) Water-elevator
US314047A (en) mosoopoulos
US523951A (en) Beverage-vessel
US29264A (en) Boat-lowering apparatus
US30507A (en) Nathaniel m
US29870A (en) fickett
US474839A (en) Windmill
US780249A (en) Fire-escape.
GB2072351A (en) Weight Testing Apparatus
US2101788A (en) Trap
US390587A (en) Chaeles d
US1213242A (en) Portable pulling-machine.
US1875174A (en) Concrete bucket
US372888A (en) Eoscoe bean
US222917A (en) Improvement in water-elevators
US970880A (en) Well-boring machine.