US3508A - loammi bailey - Google Patents

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US3508A
US3508A US3508DA US3508A US 3508 A US3508 A US 3508A US 3508D A US3508D A US 3508DA US 3508 A US3508 A US 3508A
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stove
plate
loammi
bailey
fire
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B5/00Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges
    • F24B5/02Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges in or around stoves

Description

L. BA ILE Y. Heating Stove.
I v 0 m was? 4 Sheets-Sheet 1.
Patented March 26, l844.-
4 Sheets-Sheet No. 3,508. Patented March 26. 1844.
4 Sheets-Sheet -3.
No. 3,508 Patented March 26, 1844.
D 7 d I) i P 7 -1 o 0) O hiiTm m\ & 5 k
UNITED snares Parana opmgm l LOAMMI BAILEY, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
STOVE.
Specification of Letters Patent No. 3,508, dated March 26, 1844.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, LOAMMI BAILEY, of Boston, in the county of Sufiolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Stoves for Heating and Culinary Purposes, and that the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, hereinafter referred to, forms afull and exact specification of the same, wherein I have set forth the nature and principles of my said improvement by which my invention may be distinguished from others of a similar class, together with such parts or combinations as I claim and desire to have secured to me by Letters Patent? My improvement consists in such an internal arrangement of the stove, as to provide two fire-places or firechambers, one above theother, either or both of which may be used at pleasure; the lowerone being for wood and the upper one for coal. The advantages of such an arrangement will be apparent, when it is remembered thatin the early part of the cold season there is neces sity for a little fire only, and thatv at such times there is a strongyand general disinclination to use coal. It should also be remarked, that stoves which are designed for the use of coal, and in which wood may be used, in all cases require so much of the latter kind of fuel to make them work satisfactorily, that their use becomes Very expensive, and they are totally inapplicable to the purposes to which my improved arrangement can be adapted.
A stove with my improvement is represented in the figures of the accompanying plate of drawings.
Figure 1, is a front elevation. Fig. 2, is a side elevation. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal vertical section taken through the center of the stove parallel to the front, and Fig. 4:, is atop view with the top plate removed for the purpose of showing the upper firechamber. i
A, A, Figs. 1, 2, 3, is the bottom plate, to which the legs Z), Z), are attached, and over the vertical rim of which the cylindroidal casing 0 c shuts or fits as shown in Fig. 3. This casing incloses both fire-chambers of the stove, and extends the whole height of the same, having a cover or top plate d Fig. 3, fitted into it in the usual way. A safety valve 6 is arranged in this top plate 65 as of slow combustion,
shown in Fig. 8, and the space into which it fits, may be used for the insertion of a boiler or kettle if made sufliciently large.
At a little more than midway of the height of the stove, a horizontal elliptical cast iron plate or partition f f, Figs. 3 and 4: is fitted air-tight by cement or otherwise to the inside of the casing c c, and near the center of this plate, a basket or cylindricalgrate 7c is placed or set, and projects most of its length below the plate 7 f. The plate f f it will be seen divides the space inclosed by the cylindroidal casing 0 0, into two apartments 13, C, as shown in Fig. 3. The lower apartment as before suggested is for wood and is used in the same way as the ordinary sheet-iron stove. A smoke pipe 9, conducts from this chamber, through the plate f f, into the upper chamber 0, and the smoke, &c., coming from the said chamber 13, impinges upon or comes in contact with the top plate cl of the stove, to which it imparts heat, and passes out through the discharging flue in Figs. 3 and 4: formed just above the top of the plate f f. A valve 2' is arranged in the ordinary way in the smoke pipe g, which should be closed when the lower apartment is not in use.
The basket or cylindrical grate 7a, is for the use of hard coal, and the smoke and. other products of combustion from the same pass out directly through the discharging flue h, which flue also has a turning valve, 79, in which small circular holes are made as shown in Fig. 3, to allow thegas, &c., to escape when the valve is closed for purposes The draft to the .fuel in either or both of the lower chamber B, arranged on the side of the stove as shown in Fig. 2, and when both fires are lighted, it will be seen that the combustion of the coal fire will be greatly assisted by the heat from the wood. WVhcn the coal fire is not used the basket grate 7: may be closed up by the cover 11., which converts the chamber G into an oven it being only necessary to have an elbow funnel to insert into the smoke-pipe g to conveythe products of combustion directly to the discharging flue and thereby exclude smoke, &c., from the oven thus formed.
The fuel for the grate is supplied through the front door 0, which is directly opposite the discharging flue, and when a steak is broiling, or any cooking is going on over the grate 70, (which can be done with great facility), the steam effluvia, &c., will be conveyed out through said flue without com ing into the room. Roasting can also be done by the coal fire, by suspending a proper vessel or receptacle for the meat in front of the stove when the door 0 is turned back or unhinged.
Both of the doors m 0, should be made of cast iron, and fitted to frames made of the same material, as is usual in stoves of this description.
Having thus set forth and described my new improvement in stoves I shall now proceed to specify such part as I consider original, and claim to be my invention.
I claim The combination with the partition fitted air tight between the two fire chambers as hereinabove described or the forming in said partition of a smoke pipe or flue communicating between the two .fire chambers, the whole being arranged and operating substantially as hereinbefore specified, for the purposes set forth.
In testimony that the foregoing is a true description of my said invention and improvement I have hereto set my signature this twenty first day of December in the year eighteen hundred and forty-three.
LOAMMI BAILEY. lVitnesses:
EZRA LINCOLN, JR, T. H. BoRDEN.
US3508D loammi bailey Expired - Lifetime US3508A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4372993A (en) * 1980-12-23 1983-02-08 Seidel Michael J Method for making enamel beads and resulting product
US20040088918A1 (en) * 1992-09-30 2004-05-13 Frank Craig Method for packaging a potted plant

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4372993A (en) * 1980-12-23 1983-02-08 Seidel Michael J Method for making enamel beads and resulting product
US20040088918A1 (en) * 1992-09-30 2004-05-13 Frank Craig Method for packaging a potted plant

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