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US3505718A - One-piece sheet metal hollow ball for ball valves - Google Patents

One-piece sheet metal hollow ball for ball valves Download PDF

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Publication number
US3505718A
US3505718A US3505718DA US3505718A US 3505718 A US3505718 A US 3505718A US 3505718D A US3505718D A US 3505718DA US 3505718 A US3505718 A US 3505718A
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Prior art keywords
ball
metal
sheet
fig
form
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Carl F Carlstrom
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General Industries Inc
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General Industries Inc
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D51/00Making hollow objects
    • B21D51/02Making hollow objects characterised by the structure of the objects
    • B21D51/08Making hollow objects characterised by the structure of the objects ball-shaped objects
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K7/00Diaphragm valves or cut-off apparatus, e.g. with a member deformed, but not moved bodily, to close the passage Pinch valves
    • F16K7/02Diaphragm valves or cut-off apparatus, e.g. with a member deformed, but not moved bodily, to close the passage Pinch valves with tubular diaphragm
    • F16K7/04Diaphragm valves or cut-off apparatus, e.g. with a member deformed, but not moved bodily, to close the passage Pinch valves with tubular diaphragm constrictable by external radial force
    • F16K7/06Diaphragm valves or cut-off apparatus, e.g. with a member deformed, but not moved bodily, to close the passage Pinch valves with tubular diaphragm constrictable by external radial force by means of a screw-spindle, cam, or other mechanical means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49405Valve or choke making
    • Y10T29/49426Valve or choke making including metal shaping and diverse operation

Description

April 1970 c. F. CARLSTROM 3,505,718

ONE-PIECE SHEET METAL HOLLOW BALL FOR BALL VALVES Filed Jan. 15, 1968 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 9 c I "Z0 ONE-PIECE SHEET METAL HOLLOW BALL FOR BALL VALVES Filed Jan. 15, 1968 April 14, 1970 c. F. CARLSTROM 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United States Patent Office 3,505,718 Patented Apr. 14, 1970 3,505,718 ONE-PIECE SHEET METAL HOLLOW BALL FOR BALL VALVES Carl F. 'Carlstrom, Shrewsbury, Mass, assignor to General Industries, Inc., Worcester, Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts Filed Jan. 15, 1968, Ser. No. 697,727 Int. Cl. B21d 53/00 US. Cl. 29-157.1 3 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This invention relates to a new and improved ball for ball valves, and it comprises a single piece of sheet metal formed into a hollow ball perfectly smooth at the exterior thereof and forming a very inexpensive and lightweight ball for ball valves. This ball can be provided with a flow passage sleeve or it can be used in some instances without.

The sheet metal blank from which the hollow ball is made may be a flat sheet of suitable metal or it may be in the form of a single piece of tubing open at both ends.

This invention relates to a one-piece hollow ball for use as a ball valve and in the present case the invention resides in part in the fact that the same comprises originally a single piece of sheet metal which may :be either in the form of a flat piece of metal of suitable type or a single piece of tubing open at both ends.

The prior art in this case is represented by US. Patent 3,246,873 dated Apr. 19, 1966 and US. Patent 3,339,259 dated Sept. 5, 1967, which show how a somewhat similar hollow ball for a ball valve may be made of two pieces of metal. The present invention is an improvement over these patents because a ball of equal and even greater utility and efliciency may be made by following the present invention to form a ball of a single piece of sheet metal, either from a flat blank, or from a tube.

The manner in which the new ball is made of the onepiece of sheet material is to form the same as by for instance drawing down a fiat blank so that a tubular member is formed having a crown at one end, the other end being open, punching a hole centrally of the crown, thereafter bending in the open end of the drawn-down tubular member to a semi-spherical condition, and then punching this area centrally in order to form a second hole comparable to the aforesaid hole, at the opposite side of the now formed ball.

In the case of a tube, the ends thereof are gradually turned in by appropirate dies until the ball is formed and then the ends, i.e., opposite sides of the ball, are punched to form the flow openings for the ball.

If desired or found necessary, sleeves may be welded into the ends of the hollow ball made by either method so as to form a straight cylindrical flow passage but in many cases such a sleeve is not necessary.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will appear hereinafter.

Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a view in elevation illustrating a ball made according to the present invention, part being bro-ken away and in section;

FIG. 2 is a view in elevation looking in the direction of arrow 2 in FIG. 1, part being in section;

FIG. 3 illustrates a die part used in the drawing step from a flat sheet of material, and shows the step blank in dotted lines;

FIG. 4 is a section of the other die part used to form the step blank;

FIG. 5 illustrates the step blank, part being in section;

FIG. 6 is a section of the finish dies, and

FIG. 7 illustrates the manufacture of the ball from tubular material, parts being in section.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the one-piece hollow ball 10 of the present invention comprises what would be a perfectly spherical hollow ball having a relatively thin outside wall except for openings at each side thereof as 12. The openings 12 are for the passage of the material controlled by the valve. If desired, a sleeve as indicated at 14 may be applied to this ball but in many cases the sleeve is not necessary as the flow may be even, although directly through the ball, when the valve is open, even through no flow passage sleeve is present.

In order to form this ball from flat sheet material 16, FIG. 4, the latter may be set or cut on an annular surface 18 on a tool part 20. An appropriate die may be utilized for the deep drawing operation as for instance, an elongated punch such as at 22, having a hemispherical end 24. The flat sheet 16 is drawn into a step blank of tubular form conforming to the exterior surface of the die 22 in the female die 23, FIG. 3. This die corresponds to and complements the die parts 20 and 22, and the latter are moved relative to die part 23 to accomplish the result stated. This step blank then appears as in dotted lines, FIG. 3, and as shown in FIG. 5, comprising an elongated tubular member 26 having a semispherical crown 28 and an open circular end at 30. A central opening 32 is punched out in the crown.

Thereafter tools shown at 34, FIG. 6, or equivalent, are utilized to bend and flow the metal in the area at the open end 30 of the tubular member 26 to achieve a semispherical shape having a diameter co-existent with that of the crown 28. It is preferred that any resultant opening left in this area after the bending operation, shall be less than the hole at 32, and then properly punched to conform thereto.

This action is illustarted in part way condition in dotted lines in FIG. 6, as at 35. If the leader 42, which is of peg-like form and solid, is present, the edge at 35 of the step blank engages it prior to die closed condition and this causes back pressure to be applied to the metal. The effect is to stop the closing flow of the metal, thickening it somewhat. This action has been found to completely do away with any and all tendency of the metal to rufile or fold.

Slidable ejection sleeves of convenient and effective construction are provided as shown at 44 to make sure the finished ball is ejected from the die parts, and these sleeves have seats shaped as at 46 to conform to the dies 34, to form the ball.

The ball of FIGS. 1 and 2 has now been formed and by utilizing correctly designed dies, etc. there are no folds either inside or outside although the outside surface is finished in order to provide an extremely smooth surface in cooperation with the valve seat in the ball valve in which the device will be utilized, and a handle of any kind may be applied to the ball for turning it.

Referring to FIG. 7 there is shown a tubular member of sheet-like material indicated at 36, the same having both ends open. Appropriately formed dies e.g. such as shown at 40, 40 are then applied with force to the ends of the tubular member, the same being then bent and flowed in, similarly to the action of dies 34, to form substantially closed portions of a spherical ball of identical diameter. The leaders 42 are the same as before described and act in the same way, to inhibit the flow of the metal and to provide openings in the ball. The ends (i.e. and sides of the ball), may be punched in the areas of these openings, or at the former openings of the tube, to provide equal sized flow openings e.g. such as at 12, FIGS. 1 and 2. Ejection sleeves 44 are also used as before.

The tools 34 and 40 may be provided with beveled edges as at 48, 50 and 52 to assist the work to enter the tools.

In some cases it has been found that it may be preferable to provide an interior member acting in the manner of an anvil, resisting the thrust of the tools above described. This may comprise an elastometric device of a predetermined suitable consistency, and even explosives or hydraulic pressure may be utilized for this purpose. The consideration as to use of such interior devices may depend upon the thickness of the blanks and the particular metals of which they are made.

In any event it will be seen that a virtual one-piece sheet metal ball for a ball valve is very inexpensively manufactured. These balls do not have any ruflled areas adjacent the edges of the openings 12, as might be expected, and by finishing off the exterior surface and punching the openings 12 to correspond with each other and to the size desired for the particular valve use to which it is to be put, a very inexpensive hollow ball for a ball valve can be provided through the use of an original flat blank, as at 16 in FIG. 3 or tubular as at 36 in FIG. 7.

I claim:

1. The process of making a one-piece sheet metal ball for ball valves comprising deep drawing down a fiat blank to form a step blank of generally cylindrical shape, forming a semispherical crown at one end thereof the opposite end of the step blank, formerly adjacent the edges of the flat blank, being open, forming an opening centrally of the crown, and then forcing in the rim of the open end of the step blank to a degree to form a generally spherical conformation, and simultaneously with forcing in the rim, restricting the flow of metal inwardly to a predetermined extent.

2. The process recited in claim 4 including the step of forcing in the metal of the crown while restricting the inward flow of the metal in this area.

3. The process recited in claim 1 wherein the step of restricting the flow of the metal is accomplished by positioning an obstruction in the flow of the metal.

References Cited FOREIGN PATENTS 1,185,434 1/1965 Germany.

M. CARY NELSON, Primary Examiner M. O. STURM, Assistant Examiner

US3505718A 1968-01-15 1968-01-15 One-piece sheet metal hollow ball for ball valves Expired - Lifetime US3505718A (en)

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3725990A (en) * 1970-04-30 1973-04-10 Danfoss As Method for making non-return valves
EP0156936A1 (en) * 1984-04-03 1985-10-09 Klinger AG Process for producing a spherical plug for a fluid valve
EP0667194A1 (en) * 1994-02-14 1995-08-16 Morton International, Inc. Process to make a toroid outer shell from sheet stock
US5727413A (en) * 1996-01-22 1998-03-17 Metalprint S.R.L. Process for hot forming hollow spherical bodies
US20050274014A1 (en) * 2004-05-25 2005-12-15 Chiang-Hsiang Hui Manufacturing process to make a valve ball
DE202007006205U1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2008-09-04 Interforge Klee Gmbh Check ball of a ball valve
US20140274552A1 (en) * 2013-03-14 2014-09-18 Dana Limited Cvt variator ball and method of construction thereof
US9541179B2 (en) 2012-02-15 2017-01-10 Dana Limited Transmission and driveline having a tilting ball variator continuously variable transmission
US9551404B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2017-01-24 Dana Limited Continuously variable transmission and an infinitely variable transmission variator drive
US9556943B2 (en) 2012-09-07 2017-01-31 Dana Limited IVT based on a ball-type CVP including powersplit paths
US9556941B2 (en) 2012-09-06 2017-01-31 Dana Limited Transmission having a continuously or infinitely variable variator drive
US9599204B2 (en) 2012-09-07 2017-03-21 Dana Limited Ball type CVT with output coupled powerpaths
US9638296B2 (en) 2012-09-07 2017-05-02 Dana Limited Ball type CVT including a direct drive mode
US9638301B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2017-05-02 Dana Limited Ball type continuously variable transmission
US9644530B2 (en) 2013-02-08 2017-05-09 Dana Limited Internal combustion engine coupled turbocharger with an infinitely variable transmission
US9689477B2 (en) 2012-09-07 2017-06-27 Dana Limited Ball type continuously variable transmission/infinitely variable transmission
US9777815B2 (en) 2013-06-06 2017-10-03 Dana Limited 3-mode front wheel drive and rear wheel drive continuously variable planetary transmission
US9933054B2 (en) 2016-12-15 2018-04-03 Dana Limited Continuously variable transmission and an infinitely variable transmission variator drive

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1185434B (en) * 1961-05-17 1965-01-14 Neue Argus Gmbh A process for the non-cutting production of a shut-off valves for Kugelkuekens

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1185434B (en) * 1961-05-17 1965-01-14 Neue Argus Gmbh A process for the non-cutting production of a shut-off valves for Kugelkuekens

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3725990A (en) * 1970-04-30 1973-04-10 Danfoss As Method for making non-return valves
EP0156936A1 (en) * 1984-04-03 1985-10-09 Klinger AG Process for producing a spherical plug for a fluid valve
EP0667194A1 (en) * 1994-02-14 1995-08-16 Morton International, Inc. Process to make a toroid outer shell from sheet stock
US5727413A (en) * 1996-01-22 1998-03-17 Metalprint S.R.L. Process for hot forming hollow spherical bodies
US20050274014A1 (en) * 2004-05-25 2005-12-15 Chiang-Hsiang Hui Manufacturing process to make a valve ball
WO2008132034A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2008-11-06 Interforge Klee Gmbh Shut-off ball for a ball valve and method for the production thereof
DE202007006205U1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2008-09-04 Interforge Klee Gmbh Check ball of a ball valve
US9541179B2 (en) 2012-02-15 2017-01-10 Dana Limited Transmission and driveline having a tilting ball variator continuously variable transmission
US9556941B2 (en) 2012-09-06 2017-01-31 Dana Limited Transmission having a continuously or infinitely variable variator drive
US9599204B2 (en) 2012-09-07 2017-03-21 Dana Limited Ball type CVT with output coupled powerpaths
US9689477B2 (en) 2012-09-07 2017-06-27 Dana Limited Ball type continuously variable transmission/infinitely variable transmission
US9638296B2 (en) 2012-09-07 2017-05-02 Dana Limited Ball type CVT including a direct drive mode
US9556943B2 (en) 2012-09-07 2017-01-31 Dana Limited IVT based on a ball-type CVP including powersplit paths
US9644530B2 (en) 2013-02-08 2017-05-09 Dana Limited Internal combustion engine coupled turbocharger with an infinitely variable transmission
US9551404B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2017-01-24 Dana Limited Continuously variable transmission and an infinitely variable transmission variator drive
US9638301B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2017-05-02 Dana Limited Ball type continuously variable transmission
US20140274552A1 (en) * 2013-03-14 2014-09-18 Dana Limited Cvt variator ball and method of construction thereof
US9689482B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2017-06-27 Dana Limited Ball type continuously variable transmission
US9777815B2 (en) 2013-06-06 2017-10-03 Dana Limited 3-mode front wheel drive and rear wheel drive continuously variable planetary transmission
US9933054B2 (en) 2016-12-15 2018-04-03 Dana Limited Continuously variable transmission and an infinitely variable transmission variator drive

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