US3481445A - Cartridge ribbon supply - Google Patents

Cartridge ribbon supply Download PDF

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Publication number
US3481445A
US3481445A US3481445DA US3481445A US 3481445 A US3481445 A US 3481445A US 3481445D A US3481445D A US 3481445DA US 3481445 A US3481445 A US 3481445A
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Prior art keywords
ribbon
cartridge
plate
well
typewriter
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Expired - Lifetime
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Vencil D Engle
Donald C Roller
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International Business Machines Corp
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International Business Machines Corp
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J31/00Ink ribbons; Testing or renovating ink ribbons
    • B41J31/10Ink ribbons having arrangements to facilitate threading through a machine

Description

Dec. 2, 1969 v ENGLE ET AL 3,481,445

CARTRIDGE RIBBON SUPPLY Filed Oct. 14, 1965 VENCIL D. ENGLE DONALD C. ROLLER ATTORNEY.

United States Pat ent U.S. Cl. 197-151 9 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A ribbon handling cartridge and cooperating typewriter mechanism are provided to facilitate one hand ribbon insertion and withdrawal. Reliable machine operation is retained by provision of a drag brake that engages the side edge of the ribbon for tension control without interference to the one hand insertions. The cooperatting typewriter mechanism comprises a pivotally mounted, spring biased clamping plate, a frame plate cooperable therewith, a shock absorbing, electrically grounded spring guide arm to bleed off any static charge on the ribbon, and a selectively usable, pivotally mounted ribbon spool support shaft held in either of two positions by an overcenter spring. The cartridge comprises a vacuum formed encasement plate having an annular cavity, an axle and strengthening ribs, and a planar backing plate.

The typewriter ribbon supply mechanism of our invention is capable of receiving either a clean handling ribbon cartridge of novel self-supporting construction, or an unpackaged spool of ribbon, and controlling the withdrawal of ribbon therefrom.

High quality typewritten material is currently prepared through the use of a so-called total release ribbon that is fed from a supply, past a printing station, and to a takeup reel or other disposal means. Ribbon changes are relatively frequent as the ribbon passes only once through the machine. Also, it is occasionally necessary to change ribbon colors. The ease and cleanliness of changing ribbons thus represent significant economic considerations to the commercial acceptability of both typewriters and the ribbons themselves.

One obvious approach to the improvement of ribbon handling is to package the ribbon in a cartridge by which the ribbon can be manipulated without risk of unspooling, or soiling the operators hand. However, the economic success of such a cartridge supply mechanism depends not upon this concept, but upon its practical implementation, taking into consideration both the pertinent technical and the pertinent economic factors.

Accordingly, it has been an object of our invention to devise and develop a ribbon supply mechanism for ribbon impact printers, such as typewriters, that is capable of receiving and utilizing a self-supporting cartridge ribbon supply with a minimum of manipulative effort.

Another object of the invention has been to devise and develop a ribbon cartridge and supply mechanism cooperable therewith capable of maintaining adequate tension control on the ribbon, whereby the cost of tension control is borne principally in the typewriter, as a onetime cost, rather than in the cartridge, which would be a repeated cost.

A further object of this invention has been to devise and develop a ribbon supply mechanism for ribbon impact printers that is capable in the alternative of receiving either a self-supporting cartridge ribbon supply, or unpackaged spooled ribbon, to thus maintain a maximum versatility in the printer of which the ribbon supply mechanism is only a part.

3,481,445 Patented Dec. 2, 1969 ICC One phase or concept of our invention involves packaging the spooled ribbon in a so-called blister pack cartridge that inherently lends itself to low material and assembly cost. The cartridge has a pre-formed thin plastic encasement plate that receives the spooled ribbon, and includes an integral center bearing projection for rotatably receiving the ribbon core. A planar backing plate is heat sealed to the encasement plate trapping the ribbon inside and providing a near total enclosure. The pre-formed encasement plate includes radial and concentric ribs for planar rigidity. A ribbon exit slot is provided along a peripheral edge through which the ribbon is linerally dispensed. The encasement plate has concentric circular arcshaped ribs adjacent the ribbon exit slot to provide a degree of axial flexibility and thereby prevent pinching of the roll if the cartridge becomes deformed. Also, the concentric ribs provide radial weakness lines by which the cartridge can be torn open if it is desired to use cartridge packaged ribbon in a typewriter not adapted to receive it.

Successful ribbon feeding requires a controlled drag on the ribbon supply to prevent unspooling and untracking at one extreme, or inadequate ribbon feed, or ribbon breakage at the other extreme. A cartridge constructed as herein disclosed could, theoretically, provide closely controlled internal friction for drag purposes. However, cost added to the cartridge to achieve required tolerances must be encountered with each ribbon purchase, whereas a drag control embodied in the printer need be provided only once.

Existing non-cartridge typewriter ribbon supplies employ drag brakes that engage the outer periphery of the ribbon and ride radially inwardly as the ribbon is dispensed. We have determined that such radial movement of a drag brake is not readily compatible with minimumeffort cartridge insertion. We have devised an axially moving drag brake having a tapered brake surface that engages only the outer periphery of the ribbon and thus provides a drag mechanism similar in operation to that of existing ribbon supplies. The axial movement of the drag brake is readily compatible with a simple plug-in insertion of the cartridge. A simple radially extending window or slot in the cartridge permits complete coperation between the contained ribbon and the drag brake without requiring a separate manipulative step for bringing these parts together, or for separating the parts for cartridge removal.

Another phase of our invention involves the provision of an auxiliary ribbon spool shaft that is held in either of two positions by an overcenter spring for selective use to support an unpackaged ribbon. Installation of an unpackaged ribbon is facilitated by a cam surface on the auxiliary shaft such that axial force on the ribbon core by the shaft, lifts the core into concentric alignment therewith. The above mentioned drag brake cooperates with the unpackaged ribbon in a manner substantially identical to the cooperation with the cartridge packaged ribbon to assure uniform results.

These and other objects, features, and advantages of our invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the following more particular description of a preferred embodiment of our invention, wherein specific reference is made to the accompanying drawing, of which:

FIGURE 1 is an exploded perspective view of a typewriter ribbon supply mechanism including a ribbon cartridge therefor, constructed in accordance with the concepts of our invention.

FIGURE 2 is a fragmental cross-sectional view of a cooperational detail of the mechanism shown in FIGURE 1 and taken along lines 22 thereof; and

FIGURES 3a and 3b are schematic explanatory illustrations of two operational positions of a construction feature of the mechanism shown in FIGURE 1.

More specifically, in FIGURE 1 there is shown an ink ribbon supply mechanism generally indicated at S for a typewriter or other ribbon impact printer shown only by a portion of its frame T.

The typewriter and overall ribbon feed mechanism may be like that described in the IBM Customer Engineering Instruction Manual entitled Model C1 Standard Typewriters, Form 24150650, copyright 1960 by International Business Machines Corporation.

The ribbon supply mechanism S is constructed to receive an ink ribbon supply or handling cartridge containing a disc of wound ink ribbon I mounted on an annular center spool, core, or hub 12. The supply mechanism S includes a frame plate or bracket 21 extending at least partially vertically and having lateral supporting edges 22 cooperable with corresponding lateral locating edge surfaces 13 of the cartridge 10 for alignment and support thereof. A lug 21a having a downwardly facing camming surface, releaseably locks the cartridge 10 in its proper position.

A clamping plate 23 is pivotally connected to the frame plate 21 by opposed pin shafts 24 and is resiliently urged towards the frame plate 21 by a coil spring 25. Frame plate 21 and clamping plate 23 define a well or cavity therebetween having an upwardly facing opening for edge- Wise receiving cartridge 10 as shown by the chain lines in FIGURE 1. The clamping plate 23 includes an upwardly-outwardly facing inclined lip surface portion 26 that is engagable by the lower edge portions of the cartridge 10 to assist in camming out the clamping plate 23 during cartridge insertion. A receiving or cradle surface 27 is provided in the clamping plate 23 to assist location and support of the cartridge 10 by engaging a substantially complementary cylindrical locating surface or peripheral edge 14 thereof. A pair of diametrically opposed lugs 23a press against the backing plate of the cartridge 10 to partially remove any warp or bow thereof that could cause the ribbon to bind. It will be seen that the cartridge 10 is readily insertable into and removable from the space between the opposed plates 21 and 23 of the ribbon supply mechanism S by a simple one hand operation, and will be supportedly held securely therebetween.

The outer housing of cartridge 10 includes a vacuum formed encasement plate 16 made of a common resin such as acrylic, acetate, vinyl, high-impact styrene, etc., and the generally planar backing plate 15. The plates 15 and 16 are heat sealed or glued together along binding line 17 and at zone 18. The encasement plate 16 has a depression 16a forming an annular cavity, and a projection or axle forming part 16b. The wound ribbon 11 and core 12 are trapped in the annular cavity and are rotatably received by the projection 16b defining rotational axis 16f. For planar rigidity, a major portion of the encasement plate surface is provided with suitable radial and concentric strengthening ribs 160 that project out wardly from fiat islands 16g. Concentric flexure permitting ribs or corrugations 16d are provided adjacent a peripheral edge ribbon exit opening 162. The corrugations 16d also provide radial weakness lines to assist tearing the cartridge open, if the ribbon is to be used on a noncartridge machine.

When the cartridge 10 is assembled into the supply mechanism S, the ribbon 11 is threaded through a shock absorbing spring guide arm 28 and carried to the printing point of the typewriter through suitable tracking guides (all not shown). The spring guide 28 preferably is grounded electrically through a portion 29 to the typewriter frame T to bleed off any static charge on the ribbon that otherwise would cause undesirable dispersion of carbon particles throughout the machine.

As mentioned above, it has been found too impractical to maintain proper drag control on the ribbon 11 by close tolerance design of the cartridge 10. Instead, drag is created externally and under controlled conditions by ribbon tension control means includiny a drag brake bar 31. The brake bar 31 is pivoted to the clamping plate 23 by pin shafts 32 and is resiliently urged towards the frame plate 21, and any ribbon therein, by a coil spring 33. The brake bar 31 has an inclined leading edge 34, as best seen in FIGURE 2, whereby only the outer peripheral edge of the tape 11 is engaged thereby. As the wound ribbon supply dwindles, the brake bar 31 will pivot inwardly in rotational planes substantially parallel to the ribbon rotational axis 16 and the point of contact C will move radially inwardly with the ribbon periphery. A brake communication opening or window 19 is formed in the encasement plate 16 of the cartridge 10, and extends radially and axially along the depression 16a to expose an entire radial segment 11a of the ribbon 11 to permit continuous engagement of the brake bar 31 therewith.

As shown in FIGURE 3b, the brake bar 31 further has an upwardly-outwardly facing inclined or tapered lip surface portion 35 to facilitate sliding insertion of the cartridge 10 therepast. A downwardly-outwardly facing inclined lip surface portion 36 is also provided on the brake bar 31 to facilitate the sliding removal of an expended cartridge 10 therefrom. Thus, it can be appreciated that insertion and removal of a ribbon cartridge 10 can be a simple one-hand operation giving no regard to the existence of the external drag brake 31 or any other part, except the simple ribbon guide 28.

It has been determined that optimal operation of the ribbon supply requires an increase in drag torque as ribbon is withdrawn, to compensate for radius change induced internal frictional inertial variations. The required increase in drag force is accomplished by the geometrical relationship between brake bar 31, its pin shaft 32, and the spring 33. In FIGURE 30, the brake bar 31 is shown cooperating with a relatively full disc of wound ribbon 11 and the spring 33 thus acts through a moment arm 37 that is relatively small. As ribbon is withdrawn from the cartridge 10, the drag brake 31 pivots inwardly and, as shown in FIGURE 3b, the moment arm 37 increases due to inclined leading edge 34, thus increasing the urging effect of the spring 33.

It is desirable that a typewriter not be limited to a single source of ribbon supply and to this end we have provided a selectively operable auxillary bearing or ribbon spool support shaft 41 pivotally mounted by pin shaft 42 on the frame plate 21 and held in either of two operative positions by an overcenter spring 43. The shaft 41 is maintained as shown in its full line position whenever a ribbon cartridge 10 is employed. When it is desired to mount an unpackaged ribbon, or a ribbon requiring a central bearing for its support, the shaft 41 is pivoted to its broken line position by finger deflection through a window or finger port 44 in the frame plate 21. A ribbon hub is thus readily insertable over the shaft 41, held between the plates 21 and 23, and engaged by the drag brake 31 to supply ribbon under control substantially the same as if a cartridge were employed.

Insertion of an unpackaged ribbon is assisted by an upwardly facing, inclined cam surface 45 provided on the outwardly-directed end of the shaft 41. An annular ribbon hub is placed generally opposite the shaft 41 with the leading edge of cam surface 45 entering the hub bore. Clamping plate 23 forces the hub bore axially against the surface 45 and thereby lifts the hub into concentricity with the shaft 41. The cam surface 45 also provides a lower lip 46 which engages a key projection 47 of the clamping plate 23 to positively retain the shaft 41 in its operative position. This retention becomes important at the end of an unpackaged ribbon where the spool could become lost in the typewriter if it became inadvertently separated from the shaft 41.

From the foregoing description of our invention and the specific illustration thereof, those skilled in the art will appreciate that we have provided a particularly easy-to-manipulate ink ribbon cartridge mechanism, and a particularly clean, simple, and inexpensive ribbon cartridge for use therein. It will also be recognized that we have provided a versatile ribbon supply mechanism which is not limited to use of a cartridge packaged ribbon, but can also employ an unpackaged ribbon as is conventional in present machines.

We claim:

1. In combination with a typewriter, an ink ribbon supply mechanism for receiving a disc of wound ink ribbon carried within a handling cartridge and supported thereby for rotation about an axis defined by the cartridge, said cartridge having a housing extending radially outwardly to a peripheral edge to cover a substantial portion of said ink ribbon disc but exposing at least an entire radial segment thereof, said housing further hav ing external locating surface means thereon, said supply mechansim comprising:

means defining an unobstructed support well mounted on the typewriter and having an opening for edgewise receiving the cartridge, said well having support surface means therein cooperable with the locating surface means of the cartridge to retain it in a substantially fixed position within said well,

a brake bar mounted adjacent said well and extending radially along the exposed segment of a wound ribbon when positioned therein for cooperative engagement therewith, said brake bar being movable laterally across said well in planes parallel to the rotational axis of said wound ribbon, and

means resiliently urging said brake bar toward engagement with said wound ribbon.

2. Mechanism as defined in claim 1 wherein said brake bar has a leading edge inclined along its length to engage substantially only the radially outwardmost edge of the wound ribbon disc.

3. Mechanism as defined in claim 1 wherein said well defining means comprises a frame plate, a clamping plate parallel to said frame plate and spaced therefrom, said clamping plate being mounted for movement away from said frame plate and having an inclined lip surface portion defining a portion of said cartridge receiving opening, and means resiliently urging said clamping plate towards said frame plate.

4. An ink ribbon supply mechanism as defined in claim 1 wherein said brake bar further comprises an outwardly facing inclined lip portion for engagement with the cartridge peripheral edge to facilitate sliding cartridge movement therepast.

5. An ink ribbon supply mechanism as defined in claim 4 wherein said brake bar is pivotally mounted to said well defining means, said brake bar and said resilient urging means being geometrically constructed to exhibit a significantly greater force when said brake bar is engaging a partially exhausted supply of ribbon than when engaging a full supply of ribbon.

6. An ink ri bbon supply mechanism comprising a frame plate, a clamping plate mounted for movement relative to said frame plate, and means resiliently urging said clamping plate toward said frame plate, said clamping plate and said frame plate defining therebetween a well for receiving an ink ribbon, and wherein the improvement comprises:

a support shaft pivotedly mounted on one of said frame and clamping plates and manually movable either to an operative position wherein it projects outwardly from its associated plate to receive a ribbon core and alternatively to an inoperative position to permit the free entrance and removal of a ribbon cartridge into and out of said well.

7. An ink ribbon supply mechanism as defined in claim 6 further comprising a brake bar movably mounted adjacent one of said frame and clamping plates, said brake bar extending along the radial extent of a wound ribbon received in said well and having a leading edge inclined along its length to engage substantially only the radially outwardmost edge of the wound ribbon, and 5 means resiliently urging said brake bar inwardly of said well.

8. In combination with a typewriter, an ink ribbon supply mechanism and a disc of wound ink ribbon carried within a handling cartridge received in said ink ribbon supply mechanism, said handling cartridge havingmeans supporting said ink ribbon disc for rotation about an axis and having a housing extending radially outwardly, to a peripheral edge to cover a substantial portion of said ink ribbon disc but exposing at least an entire radial segment thereof, said housing further having external locating surface means thereon, said supply mechanism comprising:

means defining an unobstructed support well mounted on the typewriter and having an opening for edgewise receiving the cartridge, said well having support surface means therein cooperable with the 10- cating surface means of the cartridge to retain it in a substantially fixed position within the well,

a brake bar mounted adjacent said well and extending radially along the exposed segment of a wound ribbon when positioned therein for cooperative engagement therewith, said brake bar being movable laterally across said well in planes parallel to the rotational axis of said wound ribbon, and

means resiliently urging said brake bar toward engagement with said wound ribbon.

9. In combination with a typewriter, an ink ribbon supply mechanism and a disc of wound ink ribbon carried-within a handling cartridge received in said ink ribbon supply mechanism, said handling cartridge having means supporting said ink ribbon disc for rotation about an axis and having a housing extending radially outwardly, to a peripheral edge to cover a substantial portion of said ink ribbon disc but exposing at least an entire radial segment thereof, said housing further having external locating surface means thereon, said supply mechanism comprising:

means defining an unobstructed support well mounted on the typewriter and having an opening for edgewise receiving the cartridge, said well having support surface means therein cooperable with the 10- cating surface means of the cartridge to retain it in a substantially fixed position within the well.

a brake bar mounted adjacent said well and extending radially along the exposed segment of a wound ribbon when positioned therein for cooperative engagement therewith, said brake bar being movable laterally across said well in planes parallel to the rotational axis of said wound ribbon,

means resiliently urging said brake bar toward engagement with said wound ribbon, and

a support shaft pivotedly mounted adjacent said well and manually movable either to an operative position wherein it projects across said well to receive a ribbon core and alternatively to an inoperative position to permit the free entrance and removal of said ribbon cartridge into and out of said well.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,239,222 4/1941 Funke 206-52 X 2,747,807 5/1956 Hummel 242 7s.4 x

ERNEST T. WRIGHT, JR., Primary Examiner U.S. Cl. X.R. 197--175

US3481445A 1965-10-14 1965-10-14 Cartridge ribbon supply Expired - Lifetime US3481445A (en)

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US49599065 true 1965-10-14 1965-10-14

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US3481445A true US3481445A (en) 1969-12-02

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US3481445A Expired - Lifetime US3481445A (en) 1965-10-14 1965-10-14 Cartridge ribbon supply

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US (1) US3481445A (en)
JP (1) JPS5019966B1 (en)
BE (1) BE687177A (en)
DE (1) DE1561234B2 (en)
ES (1) ES331639A1 (en)
FR (1) FR1494396A (en)
GB (1) GB1094969A (en)
NL (1) NL142114B (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3710915A (en) * 1970-07-13 1973-01-16 Triumph Werke Nuernberg Ag Ribbon supply supporting structure in typewriters and similar machines
US3854565A (en) * 1971-10-21 1974-12-17 Wagner G Fa Magazine for a typewriter ribbon spool
DE2552154A1 (en) * 1974-12-30 1976-07-01 Xerox Corp Belt tensioning device
US3990563A (en) * 1974-06-20 1976-11-09 U.S. Philips Corporation Spool-ejecting ink ribbon device
US4058197A (en) * 1974-12-30 1977-11-15 Xerox Corporation Ribbon tension control for a ribbon cartridge
US4079827A (en) * 1974-12-30 1978-03-21 Xerox Corporation Web tension control
US4240757A (en) * 1978-12-26 1980-12-23 Centronics Data Computer Corp. Fanfold replacement ribbon package
US4264223A (en) * 1979-01-02 1981-04-28 International Business Machines Corporation Reversible ribbon cartridge for a high speed impact printer
US4367963A (en) * 1980-07-21 1983-01-11 Wordex Refillable typewriter ribbon cartridge
US4806033A (en) * 1983-03-07 1989-02-21 Ing. C. Olivetti & C., S.P.A. Ribbon cartridge for printing machines

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2239222A (en) * 1937-07-17 1941-04-22 John C Welwood Corp Ribbon package and reel
US2747807A (en) * 1953-06-26 1956-05-29 August C Hummel Roll positioning device for tape dispenser

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2239222A (en) * 1937-07-17 1941-04-22 John C Welwood Corp Ribbon package and reel
US2747807A (en) * 1953-06-26 1956-05-29 August C Hummel Roll positioning device for tape dispenser

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3710915A (en) * 1970-07-13 1973-01-16 Triumph Werke Nuernberg Ag Ribbon supply supporting structure in typewriters and similar machines
US3854565A (en) * 1971-10-21 1974-12-17 Wagner G Fa Magazine for a typewriter ribbon spool
US3990563A (en) * 1974-06-20 1976-11-09 U.S. Philips Corporation Spool-ejecting ink ribbon device
DE2552154A1 (en) * 1974-12-30 1976-07-01 Xerox Corp Belt tensioning device
US4058197A (en) * 1974-12-30 1977-11-15 Xerox Corporation Ribbon tension control for a ribbon cartridge
US4079827A (en) * 1974-12-30 1978-03-21 Xerox Corporation Web tension control
US4240757A (en) * 1978-12-26 1980-12-23 Centronics Data Computer Corp. Fanfold replacement ribbon package
US4264223A (en) * 1979-01-02 1981-04-28 International Business Machines Corporation Reversible ribbon cartridge for a high speed impact printer
US4367963A (en) * 1980-07-21 1983-01-11 Wordex Refillable typewriter ribbon cartridge
US4806033A (en) * 1983-03-07 1989-02-21 Ing. C. Olivetti & C., S.P.A. Ribbon cartridge for printing machines

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
DE1561234A1 (en) 1970-12-10 application
NL6614374A (en) 1967-04-17 application
ES331639A1 (en) 1967-07-01 application
GB1094969A (en) 1967-12-13 application
JPS5019966B1 (en) 1975-07-11 grant
FR1494396A (en) 1967-09-08 grant
BE687177A (en) 1967-03-01 grant
NL142114B (en) 1974-05-15 application
DE1561234B2 (en) 1971-09-09 application

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