US347257A - Cigar-bunching machine - Google PatentsCigar-bunching machine Download PDF
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- US347257A US347257A US347257DA US347257A US 347257 A US347257 A US 347257A US 347257D A US347257D A US 347257DA US 347257 A US347257 A US 347257A
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- 241000681094 Zingel asper Species 0.000 description 50
- 241000208125 Nicotiana Species 0.000 description 32
- 235000002637 Nicotiana tabacum Nutrition 0.000 description 32
- 239000000969 carrier Substances 0.000 description 6
- 239000011230 binding agent Substances 0.000 description 4
- 238000007599 discharging Methods 0.000 description 4
- 230000015572 biosynthetic process Effects 0.000 description 2
- 230000000994 depressed Effects 0.000 description 2
- 239000000428 dust Substances 0.000 description 2
- 238000005755 formation reaction Methods 0.000 description 2
- 239000002699 waste material Substances 0.000 description 2
- A—HUMAN NECESSITIES
- A24—TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
- A24C—MACHINES FOR MAKING CIGARS OR CIGARETTES
- A24C1/00—Elements of cigar manufacture
- A24C1/02—Tobacco-feeding devices with or without means for dividing the tobacco into measured quantities
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
F. e. sMALsTIe.
GIGAR BUNCHIIIC-rv MACHINE.
N4 Firms. mumgnphef, wahingmm n. c.
2 sheets-sheet l2.
F. o. jsMALsTlG.
GIGAR BUNGHING MACHINE. I f
Patented Aug. 10, 1886..
WITNESSES: I', I/vl/E mfr I By A JJM I I Aomfr N. PLrER PhmLimngnpmr. Washngmn. mC. v
l llfllNiTnD ,STATES PATENT @Ultrium/3.
FREDRIGK C. SMALSIIG, OF ALLEGHENY CITY, PENNSYLVANIA.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 347,257, dated August l0, 1886.
` Application filed December 19, 1885. Serial No. 186.155. (No model.)
To all whom, it may concern.-
Beit known that I, FREDRIUK C. SMALsTIG, of Allegheny City, in the countyof Allegheny and State ofPennsylvania, have invented cer-y tain new and useful Improvements in Cigar-` Bunching Machines and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make anLuse it, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form part of this specification. v My invention relates to an improvement inV cigar-banching machines;.and it consists in, i5 iirst, the combination of the movable head, a
mechanism for moving it, the apronconnected i to said head at one end and wrapped around a roller carriedby a lever at the other end, and a formation and guide rollers, over which the apron passes; second, the combination of the movable head, a mechanism for moving it, a lever, a treadle connected to the lever, a le.- ver for operating the rammer which is placed in the hopper, and the knife which is placed under the hopper, the knife and the ejector being connected together, so as to move simultaneously; third, the combination of the head, the apron connected thereto, the formation-roller, a discharger pivoted to the head for receiving and discharging the bunch, and a projection connected to' the discharger for striking against the receptacle into which the bunch is discharged; fourth, the combination, `with the hopper provided with a shear, of the knife provided with prongs, the rammer, 'a mechanism for operating the rammer and knife, and a movable bottom for catching the v tobacco as it falls from the hopper; fifth, the
combination of the hopper, provided with a shear at its lower edge, the pivoted standard .carrying the knife at its upper end, 4the three levers connected together, the lever connected vto the operating-shaft, the hanger connected to the lever, the head, a mechanism for mov- 45 ing'it, the rammer placed in the hopper, and the false back attached tothe knife; sixth, the combination of the hopper, a rammer placed therein, the knife which moves back and forth under the hopper, amechanism for operating both the knife and rammer 'at the same time, and a false back connected at its lower end to the knife and operated thereby; seventh, the` combination of the hopper, the pivoted standard carrying the'knife, the bottom4 pivoted to the standard, and the guide; eighth, the combination, with the hopper, of the pivoted stand ard carryingthe knife, the bottom pivoted to the standard, and the guide provided with the pivoted guiding-strips; ninth, the combination ofthe head, a mechanism for moving it,
theapron connected thereto, the formationroller, and the elastic iinger for pressing' the apron against the roller; tenth, the combination of the hopper, the pivoted knife, the ejector, and amechanism for moving both the ejector and the knife. the bottom pivoted to the lever which carries the knife, the guide, and the fender.
Figure l is a vertical section of a machine which embodies my invention complete, showing the different parts in one position. Fig. 2 is a similar View, showing the different parts in another position. Figs. 3, 4, 5, G, and 7 are detail views.
A represents a suitable inclosingframe, which is closed upon all sides, so as to exclude any dust or dirt from any of the moving parts.
In the lower part `of this frame is placed a drawer, B, which covers the whole bottoni of the frame, so as to catch all of the tobacco which may accidentally be spilled during the operation of the machine or the filling of the hopper.
Iivoted at one end of the frame is the treadle C, which is connected by means of the rodD with the operating-lever E. This lever E is secured to the rocking operatingshaft F by means of a set-screw, so that it can be adjusted intoany desired position, according to the amount of movement it is desired to impart to the different parts of the machine when the treadle Gis depressed. Also secured to this shaft Fis the standard G, upon which the curved movable head is secured, and which head is returned to its normal position, after having been moved into the position shown in Fig. l, by means of the spring X', which may be attached either to the upright G or tothe take-np lever N, which is connected thereto. This head H is made curved on its upper side, as shown, and over the top of which passes the apron I. One end of this apron is fastened to one end of the head, where it is attached to an adjustable drum, which is to be ICO kept under lock and key, so that only the superi ntendentcan change the amount of slack which is lo be given lo the apron I. From this drum J the apron passes over a stationary roller, K, which serves to guide the apron, and thenover the top of the movable head H, down under a second stationary guidingroller, L, and thence to an adjusting device, M, by means of which the slack of the apron can be Controlled. This adjusting device M is placed ou nu arm, N, which is also secured to the shaft F, and which always moves with the shaft and head when the treadle (bis operated.
'lhrough thehcad ll, at its frontend, is made an opening, t), in which lhe slack of lhe apron automatically drops ns the head returns to position, as shown in Fig. 2, and thus automatically receives thc tobacco as it drops from the hopper to form the bunch, without any care or trouble on the part ot' the operator to form this pocket by hand. The friction ofthe apron against the head and the stationary roller ii causes all of that slack which was wrapped around the bunch to automatically drop into the opening O, and thus form a pocket for the tobacco which is to form the bunch. ',lhis automatic operation of forming the pocket leaves nothing whatever for the operator lo do but to lay the binder upon the apron lat the point Fon thehead Il, und then to press the trcadlc (l, so kas to move the head Il into the position shown in Fig. l. As the head ll is moved forward under the rollerK,
`the binder is wrapped around the tobacco which was dropped in the pocket, and the bunch is then compressed against the front side of the roller li, as shown in Fig. 5.
lrivoted to the rear end of the head ll is the automatic carrier and dischargerQ, which, as the head is moved forward, catches the bunch which has been formed, and when the head is returned to position carries the bunch with it, and autmnatically discharges it into the receptacle 1t, made to receive it, in the frame A. 'lhis carrier and discharger Q will be operated automatically by the apron l alone; but in order to prevent any possibility of the carrier and discharger not acting to discharge the bunch at the proper time, the arm S is fastened to the receiver so as to strike against the front edge of the receptacle 1t, and thus insure perfect working at every movement of the head.
Secured to thc under side of the frame A is a hanger, T, against which the bunch is thrown, so as to drop back into the receptacle without any dangcrof the bunch being thrown upon the iloor in case the door of the receptacle should be left open. Also connected to the shaft F is an arm'or lever, U, which as it rises upward is made to strike against the haugerV, which is secured to the lcverV, which is fulerumed upon the shaft or pivot at X. To the inner end of the lever \V is sccured the lever Y, which has secured to its upper end the knife Z, which acts both to cut away any of the tobacco which may be sticking through the hopper and to form a cut-off for the tobacco which is being forced out to form the bunch.
Secured to the bottoni of the hopper, and acting in conjunction with the knife Z, is the Shear A'. Between the shear A' and the n1ovable knife Z all protruding pieces of tobacco are cutaway. The movable knife Z is pro vided with the, prongs or projections l'',whicl1 serve as guides to prevent the sharp edge of the knife coming in contact with the stationary shear A'. livotcd to thetop of this movable knife Z is a false back, C', which moves with the knife Z, for the purpose oli keeping the tobacco in the hopper E' stirred up and forcing it forward in the hopper and to the pivoted drop-bottom F', which is connected to thcupright Y,whichcarrics the knife Z. rlhe rammiugbar D is suspended from the lever G', which is pivoted inside of the hopper E', and which lever G' is operated by thc rod H', which is connected to the outerend of the operatinglever\V. Through this lever (,l' are made a series of holes, so as to regulate the point at which the rod l[ shall be connected thereto, and thus determine the amount of movement that shall be given the ramming bar D".
Secured to the top of the frame A is a suppolt, l', to the upper end of which is secured the guideboard J', upon which the tobacco as it drops from the movable head F falls and is' guided directly into the pocket l'orinediu the apron. The upper edge of this guide JI' er@ tends upward justunderthepivot ofthe board F', so that when the lever Y is moved back the under side of the board F' will strike against the upper edge of this guide J', and thus be forced upward into the position shown in Fig. l. \Vhile the board F' is in its raised position it catches all of the tobacco that is forced from the hopper E' bythe ramming bar D', and holds it until the knife Z is moved forward into position under the hopper, and acts as a cutoff when the tobacco upon the board F' is dropped into the pocket below. Upon the top ot this guide J' are pivoted movable guiding-strips L', which are pivoted at their upper ends only, and which serve to direct the tobacco into any desired portion of the pocket. 'lhese guides are adjusted by hand at their lowcrends, and remain in whatever posit-ion they are adjusted by frictional contact with the guide J'. Upon the under side of this guide J' is secured a suitable friction-linger, N,which bears against the top of the apron,where it passes over the stationary roller "K, and thus prevents the slack of the apron from passing over the roller, but causes all slack in the apron to drop into the opening O in the head H, and thus forms the pockctto receive the bunch.
In order to prevent the tobacco from being scattered over the apron as it is discharged from the hopper E', a dash, O', is secured to the hopper, as shown, and which extends IPO IIO
down near the top of the apron, as shown. All of the tobacco which strikes the inner side of this dash O' is 'guided directly into the pocket and thus all waste prevented.
I am aware that a curved oscillating forming-plate, with a forming-rollpast which the forming-plate vibrates, a slack belt extending Vover the surface of the same and over the roll,
- arm connected to the ejector, instead of having to employ a separate mechanism for moving the ejector. l
Having thus described my invention, I claim- 1. The combination ofthe movable head, a mechanism for moving it, the apron connected to said head at one end, and wrapped around the roller M, carried by the lever N at the other, formation-roller K, and the guide-roller L, substantially as shown. j
2. The combination of the movable head, a mechanism for moving it, the lever E, the treadle, the lever U, the rammer placed in the hopper, the knife placed under the hopper, and a mechanism for operating both the rammer and the knife simultaneously each time the leverU and head are moved, substantially as described.
3. The combination of the head, the apron connected thereto, the formation-roller, the discharger Q, pivoted to one end of the head for receiving and discharging the bunch, and a projection connected to the discharger Q,for striking against the receptacle lR, into which the bunch is discharged, substantially as specied.
4. The combination, with the hopper provided With the shear A', of the knife Z, provided with the prongs B', the rammel', a mechanism for operating the rammer and knife, and a movable bottom for catching the tobacco as it falls from the hopper, substantially as shown.
5. The combination of the hopper, provided with the shear at its lower edge, the pivoted standard Y, carrying the knife Z at its upper end, the levers'W G H', connected together, the lever U, secured to the voperating sbaft, the hanger V, connected to the lever` W, the head H, a mechanism for moving it, the rammer D', placed in the hopper, and the false back C', attached to the knife Z, substantially as described.
6. The combination of the hopper, arammer placed therein, the knife which moves back and forth under the hopper, a mechanism for operating both the knife and rammer at lthe same time, and the false back C', connected at its lower end to the knifeA and operated thereby, substantially as set forth.
7. The combination ofthe hopper, the pivoted standard Y, carryingthe knife, the bottom F', pivoted to the standard, and the guide J', substantially as specified.
8. The combination, with the hopper, of the pivoted standard Y,.carrying the knife, the bottom F', pivoted to the standard, and the guide J', provided with the pivoted guidingstrips, substantially as shown.
9. The combination of the head, a mechanism for moving it, the apron connected thereto, the formation-roller K, and the elastic finger N', for pressing the apron against the roller for the purpose of causing the slack of the apron to 'form the pocket, substantially as described.
10. The combination of the hopper, the pivoted knife, the ejector, and a mechanism for moving both the ejector and the knife, the bottom F', pivoted to the lever which carries the knife, the guide J,and fender O', substantially as set forth.
11. The combination of the movable head, a mechanism for moving it, the apron, the formation-roller K, guide-roller L, the takeup levers N, carrying a roller, M, and the operating-lever E, all secured to the same pivotal Irod F, the levers E N being made adjustable in relation to the head, substantially as described.
l2. The combination of the hopper, the pivoted knife which moves back under it, the bottom F', the ranimer, a mechanism for operating it, the guide J', and the fender O', substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof .I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
FREDRICK G. SMALSTIG.
A. S. PATTIsoN, F. A. LEHMANN.
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|US347257A true US347257A (en)||1886-08-10|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|US347257D Expired - Lifetime US347257A (en)||Cigar-bunching machine|
Country Status (1)
|US (1)||US347257A (en)|
Cited By (1)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|US20040060857A1 (en) *||2002-10-01||2004-04-01||Harley Pattee||Septic tank kit|
- US US347257D patent/US347257A/en not_active Expired - Lifetime
Cited By (2)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|US20040060857A1 (en) *||2002-10-01||2004-04-01||Harley Pattee||Septic tank kit|
|US20060237354A1 (en) *||2002-10-01||2006-10-26||Harley Pattee||Septic tank kit|
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