US3460223A - Device for fixing holes by method of smelting,especially into building walls made of concrete,granite,sandstone or limestone,and method of producing the device - Google Patents

Device for fixing holes by method of smelting,especially into building walls made of concrete,granite,sandstone or limestone,and method of producing the device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3460223A
US3460223A US3460223DA US3460223A US 3460223 A US3460223 A US 3460223A US 3460223D A US3460223D A US 3460223DA US 3460223 A US3460223 A US 3460223A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
pipe
wires
concrete
burner
granite
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Zsolt Gyorgy Berczes
Attila Berces
Original Assignee
Zsolt Gyorgy Berczes
Attila Berces
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zsolt Gyorgy Berczes, Attila Berces filed Critical Zsolt Gyorgy Berczes
Priority to US65792267A priority Critical
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3460223A publication Critical patent/US3460223A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/14Drilling by use of heat, e.g. flame drilling
    • E21B7/146Thermal lances
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49348Burner, torch or metallurgical lance making
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/4989Assembling or joining with spreading of cable strands

Description

Aug. 12, 1969 ,5, aangzgs ET AL 3, ,223
DEVICE FOR FIXING HOLES BY METHOD OF SMELTING, ESPEGIAI'JLY INTO BUILDING WALLS MADE OF CONCRETE, GRANITE, SANDSTONE OR LIMESTONE, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE DEVICE Filed Aug. 2, 1967 2 Sheets-Shut 1 If //V \N\ rilrlllflll N W H \\m/i &/ L n l L \\\N\\\\\\ Aug. 12, 1969 2. s. BERCZES ETAL 3,
DEVICE FOR FIXING HOLES BY METHOD OF SMELTING, ESPECIALLY INTO BUILDING WALLS MADE OF CONCRETE, GRANITE, SANDSTONE OR LIMESTONE, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE DEVICE Filed Aug. 2, 1967 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United States Patent 3,460,223 DEVICE FOR FIXING HOLES BY METHOD OF SMELTING, ESPECIALLY INTO BUILDING WALLS MADE OF CONCRETE, GRANITE, SAND- STONE GR LIMESTONE, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE DEVICE Zsolt Gyiirgy Brczes, 8 Sandacker 8052, and Attila Brces, 328 Birmensdorfersu'. 8055, both of Zurich, Switzerland Filed Aug. 2, 1967, Ser. No. 657,922 Int. Cl. 3321f 45/00; F23b 13/26 US. Cl. 29157 1 Claim ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A method of forming a burner pipe for cutting holes in building walls made of concrete, granite, and similar materials is accomplished by inserting a bundle of fuse wires into the burner pipe so that a portion of the bundle of wires still projects from one end of the pipe and then spreading and bending the projecting ends of the wires outwardly from the axis of the pipe and finally inserting the projecting wires into the pipe so that they provide a self-locking engagement therewith.
Summary of the invention Until the present time the building trades have had to rely mainly on drilling machines for boring locating or hearing holes into walls of concrete, granite or limestone, and the like. The formation of such holes has been a time-consuming, irksome, noisy, dust raising, and vibration producing operation.
At the end of the last century, a method had been developed to produce holes in the walls of buildings constructed of concrete or stone by the use of heat. In this method a steel pipe was used, through which oxygen under high pressure was supplied and then ignited. The method was based on the recognition that by quick oxidation of a material-preferably iron-the combustion effected produced an extreme extremely high temperature.
However, in order to obtain the desired result, though only approximately, the pipe wall thickness had to be established in a precisely determined ratio to the quantity of the oxygen supplied. The greatest difliculty experienced in to practicing this method consisted on the one side in the precise regulation of the oxygen supply, and on the other side in a very high combustion velocity of the steel pipe.
At the beginning of this century, it had been proposed to fill the steel pipe employed for the described purpose with steel wires, attaining herewith:
(a) That a more equal distribution of the oxygen took place within the steel pipe, and henceforth a more equal combustion of the steel pipe,
(b) That a lesser length of combustion of the steel pipe was necessary with relation to the molten stone and concrete, since by filling the steel pipe with steel wires a considerably higher quantity of thermal energy could be gained, and
(c) That with the steel pipe filled with steel wires one could work much longer and that due to the regular combustion of the steel pipe considerably better results could be obtained.
Until the present the belief prevailed that the melting process was accomplished by the influence of high temperature on the stone and the concrete. Yet, careful examinations have shown that the accomplishment of the melting process requires still another highly essential part.
ice
It has indeed been proved that the molten steel of the steel pipe enters into a chemical compound with the silicon contents of the molten stone and concrete (iron oxid silicic acid). This compound has a much lower melting point than the stone or the concrete has on its own.
When applying the last described method with high heat development, two different reactions result in the stone and the concrete, namely:
(1) A smelting of the material to be treated, and
(2) A breaking or chipping of the material at the point of contact with the burner pipe, produced through a change of tension of the material.
In order to increase the temperature when executing the last described method, tests have been made by blowing aluminum powder through the steel pipe together with the oxygen. While a considerably better development of heat was obtained, the method proved to be uneconomical and, moreover, the small explosions which resulted were irritating because of the noise.
The recognition that base metals have a very high affinity for oxygen and therefore, they develop exothermic reactions which produce a much higher heat content than the exothermic reactions limited to the combustion of oxygen and steel led to tests in which base metals in powdered from together with iron powder in compound with oxygen were blown through the steel pipe. To carry out this method a complicated, expensive and rather bulky supply mechanism consisting of various tanks, mixing units and special connectors, etc. was needed. The method proved to be uneconomical, and it could be employed only to a limited extent.
In the United States a special method has been developed for forming holes into very hard ores (tacanites), in which method a mixture of petroleum and oxygen is employed. Unfortunately, this method has the disadvantage of requiring a large investment of machines and of using a quite considerable quantity of petroleum and oxygen.
In devices which use the above described steel pipe containing wires, it has proved necessary to secure the wires within the steel pipe against involuntary loosening and displacement. Until the present, the interior of the steel pipe has been equipped with a multitude of pins set at regular intervals, which exert a clamping effect on the inserted wires. This type of mounting for the wires in the steep pipe has, nevertheless, the considerable disadvantage, as experienced in practice, that the pins formed on the interior wall of the steel pipe create a resistance to the supply of oxygen, and a turbulent flow pattern is developed which causes irregular combustion of the inserted wires.
The object of the present invention is to overcome the above described disadvantages experienced previously in the attempts to use this method.
The invention refers to a method of constructing a device for forming holes by the method of smelting, especially in building walls made of concrete, granite, sandstone or limestone.
The inventive device distinguishes itself in that is consists of a steel pipe removably connectable to an oxygen feed pipe with a plurality of fuse wires arranged in a selflocking manner in the steel pipe.
The method of producing the inventive device consists in introducing the fuse wires in bundles into the burner or steel pipe so that they jut out for a certain length at the end at which they are introduced into the steel pipe, and then the individual wires jutting out of the steel pipe are splayed outwardly relative to the axis of the pipe so that when pushed into the steel pipe they are fixed there in a self-locking arrangement.
In the enclosed drawing two practical examples of the device according to the invention are represented, namely:
FIG. 1, a longitudinal section of a burner pipe, according to one embodiment of the invention, with the fuse wires partially introduced,
FIG. 2, a transverse section passing of the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 1,
FIG. 3, a longitudinal section of the burner pipe in FIG. 1 with the wires fully introduced, and
FIG. 4, a cross-section through burner pipe according to a second embodiment.
The device illustrated in FIGS. 1 to 3, consists of a cylindrical steel burner pipe a which serves to receive a bundle of fuse wires b, having a length such that when they are fully introduced into the operating position within the pipe they reach from the front and to the rear end of the burner pipe a. At its front end the burner pipe a a protective cap c, see FIG. 3, which is removable when the burner pipe is being used. At its rear end the burner pipe a has screw threads on its outside surface arranged to receive the corresponding internal thread of a connector sleeve d for joining the burner pipe a to an oxygen feed pipe, not shown on the drawing.
The method for producing the described device is accomplished as follows:
As shown in FIG. 1 a bundle of fuse wires b, disposed in parallel relationship with each other, are introduced into the burner pipe until their rear ends jut still out for a certain amount, e.g. 2 to 4 in., at the rear end of the burner pipe a, as shown in FIG. 1 of the drawing. Thereupon the parts of the fuse wires b, jutting out of the rear end of the burner pipe a, are splayed or bent upwardly as shown in FIG. 1 with the help of a convenient tool, and then in a further step of the method the splayed parts of the bundle of fuse wires are fully inserted into the burner pipe a. The splayed ends of the fuse wires act as a selflocking mounting support for the whole bundle in the burner pipe 0, until the wires b are entirely molten.
After the complete insertion of the bundle of fuse wires into the burner pipe a, the removable protective cap c and the connector sleeve D are added to the device (FIG. 3).
As shown in FIG. 2, there exists flow paths for the full length of the burner pipe, for unrestricted passage of the supplied oxygen, so that a uniform combustion of the fuse wires is attained when working with the described device.
While normal steel wire is suflicient for insertion into the burner pipe a when using the described device on building walls formed of concrete, sandstone or granite, a higher temperature is desirable when the device is used on basic or highly calcerous stone as well as certain types of concrete, in which case the fuse wires are composed more appropriately of an alloy of steel-silicon carbide. Practical tests have proved that in such cases an excellent economical effect is obtained when the fuse wires b have a silicon content of about 3% and a carbon content of about 1%.
Thorough investigations have indicated that an optimum result is obtained when the diameter of each fuse wire b inserted in the burner pipe a is in a determined ratio to the wall thickness of the burner pipe 0, for instance with a wire diameter of about 0.118 in. the wall thickness should be about 0.087 in.
Furthermore, testing has established that the total of the cross sectional areas of the fuse wires b inserted into the burner pipe a must be in a determined ratio to the internal diameter of the burner pipe a, and that a favorable void ratio is calculated in the manner of the following example:
Diameter of the fuse wire: 0.118 in.
Wall thickness of the burner pipe: 0.087 in.
Internal diameter of the burner pipe: 0.492 in.
Number of wires inserted into the burner pipe: 12 pieces Total cross sectional area of 12 fuse wires: 0.132 sq. in. Internal cross sectional area of the burner pipe section:
0.189 sq. in.
Volume of voids=0.l89 sq.
0.132 sq. in.
0.057 sq. in. 0.189 sq. in. 30%
For drilling the holes with the above described device, for instance into a concrete wall, the feed pipe of an oxygen bottle, not shown on the drawing, is joined to the connector sleeve d (FIG. 3), the protective cap 0 is removed from the burner pipe a, and a pressure regulating valve of the oxygen bottle, not shown on the drawing, is opened to such extent that the oxygen is supplied at a gauge pressure of about 5 kg./cm. through the burner pipe a. Ignition is attained at the front end of the burner pipe or by means of an auto-genous cutting torch or charcoal. Then the front end of the burner pipe a is brought into contact with the material into which a hole is to be formed, whereby the melting process between the front end of the burner pipe a and the front tips of the fuse wires b on one side and the material on the other side goes on until the hole has reached the desired depth.
The device according to the practical example as shown in FIG. 4 dilfers from the first described example inasmuch as the cross-sectional shape of the pipe (1 is chosen such that the fuse wires b form a compact bundle, whereby regular conduits or passageways for the oxygen are automatically obtained between the fuse wires b and the interior Wall of the pipe a.
As shown in FIG. 4, the twelve fuse wires b are combined in a bundle with a regular cross-section form. The burner pipe a has the cross-sectional shape of an equilateral triangle with rounded angles, and is adapted to the cross-sectional area of the 'bundle so that the fuse wires form a compact bundle and fill up, in almost completely (the free space between the bundle of wires and the interior wall of the pipe, oversized in the drawing, is only conditioned by the manufacturing process). In this arrangement almost equal cross-sections areas for the conduits c for the passage of the oxygen are obtained automatically between the wires b at the circumference of the bundle and the interior Wall of the pipe a, hence an equal fusing is obtained all-round for both the pipe and the fuse wires b when in use.
The last described device differs from the first described example with the round burner pipe only inasmuch as the pipe is flattened on three sides, however, when the same sizes are utilized (thickness of pipe wall, diameter of wires) the same results are achieved. In principle, the form of the cross-sectional areas of the burner pipe and of the bundle of wires can be varied to some degree, depending, of course, 011 the number of wires employed, whereby the best possible arrangement with regard to the most favorable utilisation of the burner pipe has to be established by experimentation.
The fuse wires can be used with an aluminium coat on their surfaces, by means of which an especially favorable elfect of heat is obtained.
The device embodied in the described examples has the advantage of being of a simple construction and, therefore, favorable in price, and furthermore that it is easy to haudle, allowing for more eflicient operation.
What is claimed is:
1. A method of making a burner pipe which contains a plurality of fuse wires and is connectible to an oxygen feed pipe for forming holes in building Walls and the like which are constructed of concrete, granite, sandstone, limestone, and similar materials, comprising the steps of arranging a bundle of the fuse wires in substantially parallel relationship; inserting the bundle of fuse wires into Void ratio:
relative to the axis of the pipe; and then inserting the 5 spread and bent ends of the bundle of wires into the burner pipe whereby due to their spread and outwardly bent configuration they become resiliently clamped by the interior wall of the pipe forming a self-locking engagement therewith.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,003,623 10/1961 Paul et a1 206-46 3,260,076 7/1966 Humberg 43199 FREDERICK KETTERER, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R.
US3460223D 1967-08-02 1967-08-02 Device for fixing holes by method of smelting,especially into building walls made of concrete,granite,sandstone or limestone,and method of producing the device Expired - Lifetime US3460223A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US65792267A true 1967-08-02 1967-08-02

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3460223A true US3460223A (en) 1969-08-12

Family

ID=24639195

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3460223D Expired - Lifetime US3460223A (en) 1967-08-02 1967-08-02 Device for fixing holes by method of smelting,especially into building walls made of concrete,granite,sandstone or limestone,and method of producing the device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3460223A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2202868A1 (en) * 1971-02-05 1972-08-17 Ernst Brandenberger Gas burning lance for creating openings in concrete, stone, building walls and the like.
US3921542A (en) * 1974-01-23 1975-11-25 Kubatec Kunststoff Oxygen supplied thermal lance
US4034567A (en) * 1974-12-19 1977-07-12 Battelle Memorial Institute Self-drilling thermal bolt
US4401040A (en) * 1981-10-21 1983-08-30 Volcano Corporation Thermal torch
WO2013097045A1 (en) * 2011-12-28 2013-07-04 Trefimet S.A. Thermal lance with continuous retention of the components thereof and method for manufacturing same

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3003623A (en) * 1959-05-18 1961-10-10 Mard Continental Inc Artificial tree package
US3260076A (en) * 1963-12-02 1966-07-12 Humberg Willi Deflagrating metallic cutting torch

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3003623A (en) * 1959-05-18 1961-10-10 Mard Continental Inc Artificial tree package
US3260076A (en) * 1963-12-02 1966-07-12 Humberg Willi Deflagrating metallic cutting torch

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2202868A1 (en) * 1971-02-05 1972-08-17 Ernst Brandenberger Gas burning lance for creating openings in concrete, stone, building walls and the like.
US3738288A (en) * 1971-02-05 1973-06-12 Kubatec Kunststoff U Bautechni Thermic lance
US3921542A (en) * 1974-01-23 1975-11-25 Kubatec Kunststoff Oxygen supplied thermal lance
US4034567A (en) * 1974-12-19 1977-07-12 Battelle Memorial Institute Self-drilling thermal bolt
US4401040A (en) * 1981-10-21 1983-08-30 Volcano Corporation Thermal torch
WO2013097045A1 (en) * 2011-12-28 2013-07-04 Trefimet S.A. Thermal lance with continuous retention of the components thereof and method for manufacturing same

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CA2733656C (en) Method and apparatus for installing an insulation material to a surface and testing thereof
FI74523B (en) Framstaellnings- och befaestningsfoerfarande av en katalytcell avsedd foer rening av avgas.
KR19980080281A (en) Coherent Gas Injection Method and Apparatus
US2433055A (en) Apparatus for bending pipe
US1415516A (en) Method of and apparatus for reducing metals, etc.
NL8104229A (en) Method, apparatus and pyrotechnical compositions for cutting pipes.
CA1295155C (en) Rock anchor
CA1046305A (en) Self-drilling thermal bolt
CN103994280B (en) A kind of pipe clamping device fixed for pipeline or like
US4557413A (en) Heat pipe fabrication
AU2014315931B2 (en) Socket fastening-type reinforcing bar connector using binding end member
CA2440488A1 (en) Process and device for manufacturing free-flowing metal foam
US4943001A (en) Tube-type vessel having crevice-free joints and method for manufacturing the same
US4097246A (en) Method of making an abrasive wire for sawing stone
US1848182A (en) Art of setting diamonds
JPS57144895A (en) Fin and tube type of heat exchanger
CA1103582A (en) Rotatable piercing tools for forming bossed holes
US3604305A (en) Recessed screw
US3459376A (en) Plasma burner
US3939683A (en) Piercing tools
US2512426A (en) Method of sealing threaded members
US3245721A (en) Flame working minerals
DK163968B (en) Living for equipment
EP0556343B1 (en) Jet flow device for injecting gas into molten metal
US20190001431A1 (en) Configurable exothermic reaction mold