US342744A - Street-sweeper - Google Patents

Street-sweeper Download PDF


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US342744A US342744DA US342744A US 342744 A US342744 A US 342744A US 342744D A US342744D A US 342744DA US 342744 A US342744 A US 342744A
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    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/02Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt
    • E01H1/04Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt taking- up the sweepings, e.g. for collecting, for loading
    • E01H1/042Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt taking- up the sweepings, e.g. for collecting, for loading the loading means being an endless belt or an auger


2 Sheets-Sheet l.
STREET SWEEPBR. No. 342,744. Patented May 25, 1886.
`m I n RM m el a :3 F1 FL l l E heg; F'o "n e \G\\ ;f. E ws. i" "f j, Q) N i K sl l f g x B s I# w s 2 *1W* yh-Q`v l l l if i u E T-.T
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41: f3* ,i l/l i i# z i. .4 I ay (No Model.) `2 Sheets-Sheet 2. D E GROVE STREET SWBBPER.
Patented' May 25, 1886.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 342,744. dated May 25, 1886.
Application filed December 1, 1882. Serial No. 78,135.
.To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, DAVID E. GROVE, of St. Louis, and State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvementsin Street- Sweepers; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form part of this specification.
My invention relates to improvements in street-sweeping machines, and of that class known as self-loaders,7 or in machines in which the dirt is swept up and conveyed to a cart or other vehicle, in which the sweepings are carried to the dumping-ground.
The object of my invention is to produce a machine which will be effective in operation, and at the same time prevent, in a great measure, the annoyance produced by the rising dust, which is usually allowed to fly at will, as will be more fully described hereinafter.
Referring tothe drawings, Figure l is a top or plan View with the cap or cover removed from the brush and endless belt. Fig. 2 is a side elevation, partly in section. Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the endless belt-carrying roller and cover or cap. Fig. 4 is a view in perspective of the dust pan or float. Fig. 5 is a view in perspective of a modified form' of attaching the dust-pan or float to the elevator portion of the machine.
A is a cart or other vehicle of any desired or suitable construction, to which the sweeping and loading mechanism is attached in any convenient manner. Itis desirable, however, that the connection should be made with de` vices which will insure a ready attachment or detachment of the sweeping and loading mechanism.
B is the frame-work, in which is mount-ed the brush and mechanism for driving the same. The front end of this frame-work is designed to be connected to the vehicle A, while inthe rear end thereof the tractionwheels B are mounted on a suitable axle, G. The wheels B are provided with teeth or 5o shoulder projections a, as may be preferred, the function or operation of which will more fully appear.
On each end of the axle O is (No model.)
secured a sprocket-wheel, D, gear-wheel, D', and lever-wheel E. These wheels are all secured together and are loosely mounted on the axle C, so that they can be moved back and forth on the axle by means of the handlevers E', which are connected to wheels E. Said hand-levers are within easy reach of the operator,so as to bring the lug b on the sprock- 6o et-wheel D into engagement with the lug b on the drive-wheel B, and by which means the brush and dirt-elevating mechanism are thrown in and out of engagement with the driving mechanism.
F F are shafts mounted in the frame B, the inner ends of which shafts are provided with pinion-wheels c c, which mesh with and are driven bythe pinion-wheels D D on the main shaft or axle C. To the outer end of the shafts 7o F F are secured sprocket-wheels d d, over which the sprocket-chains ee pass. The said sprocket-chains also pass over the sprocketwheels ff on the axis of the brush, and impart thereto a motion in contrary or reverse direction to the line of travel@ I do not confine myself to the use of sprocket chains and wheels as the medium of imparting motion to the various parts from the driving shaft or axle, as it is obvious that 8o miter-gearing may be substituted therefor.
G is the revolving brush,which is, by preference, made of thin strips of metal orsteel wire; but birch or other hard-wood twigs or splints may be used, and are secured in the shaft G in the ordinary manner.
To the framework B are secured the slotted guides H H, in which the broom-shaft G is mounted in proper bearing-boxes, said boxes being supported by the front ends of the op- 9o erating-levers, and are free to be moved up and down by the devices which I will now proceed to describe. s
I I are bent levers, pivoted to the framework B by means of studs or pins g g. The front ends of the bent levers I I are properly secured to the boxes bearing the broom-shaft G by means of rods or pendants h h. The levers I I extend back beyond the reach of the broom, where they are bent inward at right roo angles, and then bent again, so that their rearends will lie parallelto the frame-work B B. The rear ends of the levers I I are connected by a foot-board, J, which is within easy reach of the operator when occupying the seat K on ll discharge-spout R. This roller P is more spethe box K', so that when operated by pressing down on the foot-board J they will elevate the broom and free it from contact with the ground, or -regulate at will the pressure of the broom on the ground without interfering with the working of the other parts of the machine. The box K is mounted on the axle C and braced by suitable frame-work to the frame B. The box K serves not only as a seat for the operator, but also as a ballast-box, in which stones or other heavy material is placed to increase or diminish the weight on the driving-wheels B B', and thus increase o`r diminish the traction of the same on the ground. h is a footrest for the operator.
L L are bars, secured to the frame-work B 4 by bolts i, in which are mounted the belt-carrying rollers M M. The upper ends of the bars L L are further braced by vertical stays L L', secured thereto and to the frame B.
N is an endless belt which passes in close proximity to the broom, and by which the dirt and other material swept thereon is conveyed to the cart or other receptacle, A. The upper roller, M', is provided with sprocket-wheels k k, for the reception of the sprocket-chains e e, which connect the roller M with the sprocketwheels D D on the axle C, and by which means motion is imparted to the endless belt N.
O is a pan or float, the upper ends of which are secured to the bars L L by means of links m, while the lower end or edge of the pan rests ou the surface of the ground in front of the broom, so as to form an incline upon which the dust and dirt are swept onto the endless belt.
In Fig. 5I have shown the pan O hinged to a sheet-metal extension, O', by means of a strap or other hingejoint, the extension O being adapted to be nailed, screwed, or otherwise secured to the lower end of the elevatorframe, so that the pan or float O will be free to travel over the surface of the street and adapt itself to any irregularities or uneven portions of the street. This form of attaching the pan or float to the elevator-frame is perhaps the simplest, surest, and cheapest, and is the one I prefer to use.
The pan O is provided with flaring and tapering sides o o, to insure the deposit of dust and dirt onto the endless belt toward the center of the same, so that it will not be so liable to work of` over the edges of the belt, and also t0 protect the ends of the broom from too rapid wear. l
P is a roller, loosely mounted in elongated bearings r, so that it will rest on the endless belt N. The object of this roller is `to roll or compact the dirt onto the belt, wh ile the scraper s, which is attached to the discharge-spout R, or the elevator-frame, as may be most convenient, and made adjustable toward or from the elevator-belt by set-screws, and held rigidly in position in close proximity to the face of the return side of the belt, serves to clean it of any adhesive material elevated, and direct the same into the cart A through the cially designed for use when snow or moist dirt is to be swept from the street, to press the water out of the sweepings.
S is a sheet-metal covering for the broom. and also for the endless belt, and is secured to the frames L and B. The portion of the cover over the endless belt has its edges b ent downward and inward, so as to keep the dust and dirt from falling off over the edges of the endless elevating-belt.
The inclosing of the endless or elevating belt and broom in a casing and the use of discharge-spout are adapted for the successful operation hereof, for by these means the dust is confined and directed into the cart instead of being scattered abroad, to the annoyance and discomfort of every one within reach. The adjustable scraper s is also used in co'nnection herewith where wet or adhesive material is to be handled, as it keeps the belt and mechanism clean and prevents the return on the slack side of the belt of any material elevated by the belt that would otherwise adhere to it, and insures the discharge of all material elevated by the belt; but these features do not enter into the spirit of my invention.
The operation of my machine is as follows: The cart or other vehicle, A, is backed up to the machine and the l frame-Work secured thereto. The driver then starts his team and draws after him the sweeping device. The traction of the wheels B with the ground causes the brush and elevator-belt to be revolved by means of the sure-gearing sprocket wheels and chains described, while the operator, seated on the box K', is free to work the levers E, and also raise or lower the broom, as occasion may require. When the cart is loaded, it is kdetached from the sweeper and an empty cart substituted therefor, and so the work of sweeping, loading, and hauling away the dirt may be made practically continuous.
I have referred to my machine solely as a street-sweeper; but it is obvious that it can be modified and, made on a smaller scale,at tached to a two-wheeled warehouse-truck and be advantageously used in sweeping warehouses, railroad-platforms, &c.; or it may be still further reducedI in size, provided with a handle and receptacle for the dirt, and used as a carpet-sweeper or to sweep halls, offices, Snc.
Having thus described my invention,whatl claim as new isl. The floating pan O, hinged to the plate O', which is bolted or otherwise secured to the elevator-frame, in combination with the roller P, endless belt N, and the broom G, as set forth.
2. The sprocket-wheels f d, chains e' e',
shafts G and F F', brush G, levers I I, connecting-board J, and box K, in combination with the wheels D D c k and chains e, the chains e e being separated by the frame B, substantially as set forth.
3. In a street-sweeper, the floating pan, the
roller I), the belt N, scraper s, and spout R, In testimony that I claim the foregoing as in combination with the broom operated by my own I affix my signature ir'l presence 0f the sprockets and chains, as and for the purtwo Witnesses. pose set forth.
5 4. In astreetswepenthe Wheels f d, chains DAVID E. GROVE.,
e e, shafts G and F F', brush G, levers I, c011- necting-board J, Wheels D D c la, and chains Witnesses: e e, in combination with the ioating pan, the O. E.' DUFFY, roller P, belt N, scraper s, and spout R, as set J. H. HOLMAN.
[o forth.
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