US3413775A - Building structure - Google Patents

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Publication number
US3413775A
US3413775A US542398A US54239866A US3413775A US 3413775 A US3413775 A US 3413775A US 542398 A US542398 A US 542398A US 54239866 A US54239866 A US 54239866A US 3413775 A US3413775 A US 3413775A
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Prior art keywords
column
substrate
substrates
cornices
tongues
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Expired - Lifetime
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US542398A
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Emanuel B Katz
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TUBULAR PRODUCTS Inc
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TUBULAR PRODUCTS Inc
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Priority to US542398A priority Critical patent/US3413775A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0885Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements specially adapted for being adhesively fixed to the wall; Fastening means therefor; Fixing by means of plastics materials hardening after application
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/072Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of specially adapted, structured or shaped covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/073Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of specially adapted, structured or shaped covering or lining elements for particular building parts, e.g. corners or columns
    • E04F13/0736Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of specially adapted, structured or shaped covering or lining elements for particular building parts, e.g. corners or columns for columns
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/18Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements of organic plastics with or without reinforcements or filling materials or with an outer layer of organic plastics with or without reinforcements or filling materials; plastic tiles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F19/00Other details of constructional parts for finishing work on buildings
    • E04F19/02Borders; Finishing strips, e.g. beadings; Light coves
    • E04F19/06Borders; Finishing strips, e.g. beadings; Light coves specially designed for securing panels or masking the edges of wall- or floor-covering elements
    • E04F19/062Borders; Finishing strips, e.g. beadings; Light coves specially designed for securing panels or masking the edges of wall- or floor-covering elements used between similar elements
    • E04F19/064Borders; Finishing strips, e.g. beadings; Light coves specially designed for securing panels or masking the edges of wall- or floor-covering elements used between similar elements in corners

Description

Dec. 3, 1968 KATZ 3,413,775

BUILDING STRUCTURE Filed April 15, 1966 lNVE/VTOR.

EMMANUEL 6'. KATZ 5r e 8 55 a ATTORNEYS.

nited States Patent 3,413,775 BUILDTNG STRUCTURE Emanuel B. Katz, Souderton, Pa., assignor to Tubular Products, Inc, Souderton, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Filed Apr. 13, 1966, Ser. No. 542,393 6 Claims. (Cl. 52-727) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Substrates are applied to the outer peripheral surface of at least three discrete sides of a column by means of taped members adhesively joined to the substrates and the face of the column. A cornice is provided at each of the corners of the column. Each cornice is provided with tongues disposed between the column and two adjacent substrates and arms overlying two adjacent substrates. The arms and tongues of each cornice are connected by a web disposed between adjacent side edges of two adjacent substrates. When the substrates are applied to a rectangular column, the method utilized is to pre-assemble two of the substrates with the cornices thereon and attach the same to substrates which have previously been secured to the adhesive strips on the column.

This invention relates to a building structure, and more particularly, to a column having a substrate applied to its outer peripheral surfaces, thereby forming a facing sheet.

Many buildings such as ofiice buildings or railroad stations have columns provided in the lobby or entranceway. These columns are generally hollow or solid and provided with an external facing sheet. It is quite common to use slabs of marble as a facing sheet. The slabs of marble are applied one at a time with more than one slab of marble being utilized to cover the entire face of one side of the column. The application of a marble substrate or any other facing sheet as applied heretofore has been slow and requires skilled workers.

In accordance with the present invention, a substrate is applied to the peripheral surfaces of a column having at least three discrete sides in a manner which is simple, economical, rapid, and can be applied by unskilled labor. The entire length of one surface of a column, from floor to ceiling, is covered by a Single substrate without any seams. Columns can be provided with a facing sheet, pursuant to my invention, in less than one-quarter of the time required to apply a facing sheet according to conventional methods.

In accordance with the present invention, the substrates are applied to the outer peripheral surface of at least three discrete sides of a column by means of taped members adhesively joined to the substrates and the face of the column. A cornice is provided at each of the corners of the column. Each cornice is provided with tongues disposed between the column and two adjacent substrates and arms overlying two adjacent substrates. The arms and tongues of each cornice are connected by a web disposed between adjacent side edges of said two adjacent substrates.

It is an object of the present invention to provide novel structure and method wherein a column having 'at least three discrete sides is provided with a facing sheet in a manner which is simple, rapid, economical, does not require nails or screws or cement, and does not require skilled labor.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a column having a substrate applied to an outer peripheral surface thereof in a manner wherby the structure securing the substrate to the column is not visible.

Other objects will appear hereinafter.

ice

For the purpose of illustrating the invention, there are shown in the drawings forms which are presently preferred; it being understood, however, that this invention is not limited to the precise arrangements and instrumentalities shown.

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a column in accordance with the present invention.

FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of the upper portion of the column, in a partly assembled condition.

FIGURE 3 is a sectional view taken along the line 3-3 in FIGURE 1.

Referring to the drawing in detail, wherein like numerals indicate like elements, there is shown in FIGURE 1 a building structure in accordance with the present invention designated generally as 10.

Structure 10 includes a column designated generally as 12. For purposes of illustration, the column 12 is hollow and may be made from any one of a wide variety of materials including metals, plastics, ceramics, etc. Quite often, columns are hollow so that wiring and other conduits may be disposed therein. The column 12 includes side walls 14, 16, 18 and 20.

Tape members 22, 24 and 26 are applied to the outer surface of wall 14 from floor to ceiling. The tape members are parallel to one another and are identical to one another. One or more tape members may be utilized depending upon the width of the wall surface involved. Each of the tape members 22, 24 and 26 have a pressure sensitive surface on their opposite faces.

A substrate 28 is adhesively bonded to the pressure sensitive adhesive on the tape members 22, 24 and 26, thereby being coupled to the wall 14. The substrate 28, as well as the substrates for the other walls of the column 12, as will be made clear hereinafter, may be anyone of a wide variety of materials including plain or anodized aluminum sheeting, a sheet of polymeric plastic material such as polyvinyl chloride, plywood covered with a layer of Formica, etc. The height of the substrate 28 corresponds with the height of the wall 14 so that a single sheet of the substrate covers the same without any seams or joints. The outer surface of substrate 28 is preferably decorative and this may be accomplished by anodizing the same, painting the same, the use of Formica, etc.

Tape members 30, 32 and 34 are applied to the outer surface of wall 18 in the same manner as described above. A substrate 36, corresponding identically with substrate 28 or a different variation thereof, is applied to wall 18 and secured thereto by the tape members in the same manner as described above.

Tape members 38 and 40 are applied to the outer surface of wall 16 from floor to ceiling as described above. A cornice 44 is assembled along one vertical side edge of a substrate 42. A cornice 54 is assembled along the opposite side edge. Cornice 44 includes diverging tongues 46 and 48 connected to curved arms 50 and 52 by a web 53. Likewise, cornice 54 includes similar tongues 56 and 58 connected by a web to curved arms 60 and 62.

The substrate 42 is disposed between the tongue 48 and arm 52 on cornice 44 and tongue 58 and arm 60 on cornice 54. The substrate 42, thusly assembled with the cornices as described, is adhesively bonded to the wall 16 from floor to ceiling by applying the substrate to the pressure sensitive surface on the tape members 38 and 40. In doing so, the tongue 46 is inserted between the wall 14 and the substrate 28. Simultaneously, the tongue 56 is inserted between the substrate 36 and the wall 18.

The arms on the cornices 44 and 54 are preferably curved as illustrated so as to provide a curved outer peripheral surface at the corners of the column 12. Sharp corners are generally undesirable since they are a source of danger if someone were to accidentally fall against the column. Nevertheless, the arms on the cornices overlying the substrates may be parallel to the tongues if desired. The cornices are of uniform transverse cross-section so that they may be extruded from any convenient material such as aluminum, stainless steel, polymeric plastics, etc. The arms on the cornices are flexible to a sufficient degree so as to enable the substrates to be inserted between the juxtaposed arms and tongues.

Tape members 64 and 66 are applied to the outer surface of wall 20 in the same manner as described above. Thereafter, substrate 68 is preassembled with cornices 70 and 72 as illustrated more clearly in FIGURE 2. Cornices 70 and 72 are identical with those described above. Thereafter, the substrate 68 is adhesively bonded to the outer surface of wall 20 by applying the same against the pressure sensitive surface on the tape members 64 and 66.

The method of applying the substrates to the column 12 is generally in the sequence described above. The first step is generally the application of all the tape members from floor to ceiling on the various faces or surfaces of the column. Thereafter, opposite faces of the column are covered by the substrates 28 and 36. Thereafter, substrate 42 is preassembled with respect to cornices 44 and 54 whereupon they are simultaneously applied to the walls 16. Thereafter, a preassembly unit of substrate 68 together with cornices 70 and 72 are applied to wall 20. Generally, no precleaning of the surfaces of the walls on column 12 will be required. With the column 12 covered by the substrates described above and as shown in FIG- URE 1, the manner in which the substrates and cornices are joined to the column 12 is not ascertainable without tearing the substrates or cornices off the outer surface of the column. Thus, there are no visible seams, nails, screws or the like.

The application of the substrates and cornices as described above does not require skilled labor and can be accomplished in less than one-quarter of the time required by conventional methods wherein skilled laborers utilized cement or sealing compound to apply small sections to a column with visible joints or seals. At the same time, a decorative effect is obtained by the nature of the substrates which can simulate marble, grains of wood, etc.

The present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof and, accordingly, reference should be made to the appended claims, rather than to the foregoing specification as indicating the scope of the invention.

I claim:

1. A method of applying a facing sheet on discrete sides of a rectangular column in a building comprising the steps of applying tape members to the outer peripheral surface of each side of the column with the tape members being generally parallel to one another and adjacent corners on the column and extending for the full height of the column, adhesively joining first and second substrates to tape members on opposite sides of the column, preassembling cornices along opposite side edges of a third substrate and then joining the third substrate to tape members on a third side of the column in a manner so that tongues on the cornices are inserted between the column and said first and second substrates, preassembling cornices along side edges of a fourth substrate and then joining the fourth substrate to the tape members on the remaining face of the column with tongues on the lastmentioned cornices being inserted between said column and said first and second substrates.

2. Building structure comprising a column having at least three discrete sides, a substrate overlying each side, cornices including tongues at the intersection of adjacent substrates, means coupling each of said substrates to each side in spaced apart relation, said tongues being in contact with but free from any direct connection with said col umn, the space between said substrate and said column being substantially equal to the thickness of said tongues. each cornice having arms overlying said two adjacent substrates, said arms and tongues of each cornice being connected by a web disposed between adjacent side edges of said two adjacent substrates, with the height of each substrate corresponding to the height of the column.

3. Building structure as set forth in claim 2 wherein said coupling means includes tape members having pressure-sensitive surfaces on its opposite faces, the outer peripheral surface of said arms of said cornices being semi-circular, said tongues diverging away from one another with the included angle corresponding to that between the two adjacent substrates.

4. Building structure as set forth in claim 3 wherein said column is hollow and rectangular, and at least two spaced substantially parallel tape members applied to each side of the column adjacent the corners of the column.

5. Building structure comprising a column having at least three discrete sides, at least one joining strip secured to each side of the column and extending along substantially the entire length of each side, a substrate overlying each side and being adhesively connected to at least one joining strip, said substrates being rigid and being spaced from said column by said joining strips, a cornice at the intersection of adjacent substrates, each cornice having tongues between the column and two adjacent substrates. and said space between said substrate and said column being substantially equal to the thickness of said tongues.

6. Structure as set forth in claim 5 wherein said arms and tongues of each cornice are connected by a web disposed between adjacent side edges on said two adjacent substrates, the outer peripheral surface of said arms being semi-circular, said tongues diverging away from one another with the included angle corresponding to that between two adjacent substrates, said joining strip being tape having a pressure-sensitive surface on its opposite faces and the height of each substrate corresponding to the height of the column.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 163,993 6/ 1875 Hardy 52-727 1,634,862 7/ 1927 Yoder 52-255 1,643,955 10/1927 Rank et al 52-727 XR 1,910,554 5/1933 Loehr et al. 52-254 XR 2,030,135 2/ 1936 Carpenter 24820'5 3,217,456 11/1965 Quigg et al. 52-255 BOBBY R. GAY, Primary Examiner.

ANDREW CALVERT, Assistant Examiner.

US542398A 1966-04-13 1966-04-13 Building structure Expired - Lifetime US3413775A (en)

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Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3959946A (en) * 1973-06-27 1976-06-01 Electric Power Transmission Pty. Limited Pole structure
US4027452A (en) * 1976-04-19 1977-06-07 Donnell James W Extruded interior molding
US4034535A (en) * 1974-07-29 1977-07-12 Dula-Werke Dustmann & Co. Building set for a base construction of a pillar casing
US4157271A (en) * 1975-04-17 1979-06-05 Moore Dan B Drywall joint filler
US4313287A (en) * 1980-01-25 1982-02-02 Romig Jr Byron A Internally tensioned structural member and method of assembling same
US4398377A (en) * 1980-01-25 1983-08-16 Romig Jr Byron A Structural member with equalized internal tension
US4467584A (en) * 1982-03-08 1984-08-28 Robert C. Crites Method and apparatus for attaching furring to columns
US4480419A (en) * 1982-06-25 1984-11-06 Crites Robert C Method for attaching furring adjacent to columns
US4484427A (en) * 1982-03-08 1984-11-27 Robert C. Crites Method and apparatus for attaching furring to columns
US4541219A (en) * 1983-07-22 1985-09-17 Parker Alvin S Clip for attaching sheets of wall material to columns and other structural members
US4592187A (en) * 1982-03-08 1986-06-03 Robert C. Crites Method and apparatus for attaching furring to columns
US4674248A (en) * 1985-12-23 1987-06-23 Alumax, Inc. Fire resistant dual layer bimetallic door frame
US4823533A (en) * 1987-12-30 1989-04-25 Marketing Displays, Inc. Structural cladding apparatus
US4843783A (en) * 1988-04-04 1989-07-04 National Gypsum Company Casing trim
US5956920A (en) * 1997-08-25 1999-09-28 L.B. Plastics Limited Modular post cladding element, post cladding assembly, and method of cladding a post
US6226950B1 (en) * 1996-01-22 2001-05-08 L.B. Plastics Limited Modular cladding element
US6308481B1 (en) * 1999-02-19 2001-10-30 Jack Goldberg Cosmetic enhancement of overpass structure
US6601362B1 (en) 2001-09-12 2003-08-05 Richard T. Prince Variable load capacity construction components for patio pool enclosures
US20050109470A1 (en) * 2003-11-24 2005-05-26 Freudenberg Christopher F. Plastic sheet barrier enclosure, system, and method
US20060010823A1 (en) * 2004-07-15 2006-01-19 Waters Eric S Cladding assembly and method of cladding posts
US20080289295A1 (en) * 2004-07-15 2008-11-27 Certain Teed Corporation Cladding assembly and method of cladding posts
US20090178360A1 (en) * 2008-01-16 2009-07-16 Teffenhart Jr Thomas Joseph System and method having an improved self-mating beam
USD666743S1 (en) 2008-01-16 2012-09-04 Teffenhart Jr Thomas Joseph Self-mating beam
US8915045B2 (en) * 2013-02-21 2014-12-23 EML Products Inc. Sleeves for sign posts
US9945122B2 (en) * 2016-01-25 2018-04-17 IGC Gate Components Inc. Pillar assembly
US10519658B1 (en) * 2018-08-10 2019-12-31 Herron Intellectual Property, Llc High strength, low density columnar structure
US10597893B2 (en) * 2018-06-11 2020-03-24 Cindon Developments, Inc. Brace for a post
US10640968B2 (en) 2018-06-21 2020-05-05 Thomas Joseph Teffenhart, JR. System and method having an improved beam and beam coupling system

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US163993A (en) * 1875-06-01 Improvement in balusters
US1634862A (en) * 1925-06-08 1927-07-05 Yoder Sam Corner piece for buildings
US1643955A (en) * 1925-10-21 1927-10-04 Rank John Traffic signal
US1910554A (en) * 1931-12-16 1933-05-23 Wooster Products Inc Trim for wall coverings
US2030135A (en) * 1932-11-01 1936-02-11 Ad Here Paper Company Adhesive unit
US3217456A (en) * 1962-10-12 1965-11-16 United States Gypsum Co Structural member with multi-layered gypsum board fire protection

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US163993A (en) * 1875-06-01 Improvement in balusters
US1634862A (en) * 1925-06-08 1927-07-05 Yoder Sam Corner piece for buildings
US1643955A (en) * 1925-10-21 1927-10-04 Rank John Traffic signal
US1910554A (en) * 1931-12-16 1933-05-23 Wooster Products Inc Trim for wall coverings
US2030135A (en) * 1932-11-01 1936-02-11 Ad Here Paper Company Adhesive unit
US3217456A (en) * 1962-10-12 1965-11-16 United States Gypsum Co Structural member with multi-layered gypsum board fire protection

Cited By (36)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3959946A (en) * 1973-06-27 1976-06-01 Electric Power Transmission Pty. Limited Pole structure
US4034535A (en) * 1974-07-29 1977-07-12 Dula-Werke Dustmann & Co. Building set for a base construction of a pillar casing
US4157271A (en) * 1975-04-17 1979-06-05 Moore Dan B Drywall joint filler
US4027452A (en) * 1976-04-19 1977-06-07 Donnell James W Extruded interior molding
US4313287A (en) * 1980-01-25 1982-02-02 Romig Jr Byron A Internally tensioned structural member and method of assembling same
US4398377A (en) * 1980-01-25 1983-08-16 Romig Jr Byron A Structural member with equalized internal tension
US4467584A (en) * 1982-03-08 1984-08-28 Robert C. Crites Method and apparatus for attaching furring to columns
US4592187A (en) * 1982-03-08 1986-06-03 Robert C. Crites Method and apparatus for attaching furring to columns
US4484427A (en) * 1982-03-08 1984-11-27 Robert C. Crites Method and apparatus for attaching furring to columns
US4480419A (en) * 1982-06-25 1984-11-06 Crites Robert C Method for attaching furring adjacent to columns
US4541219A (en) * 1983-07-22 1985-09-17 Parker Alvin S Clip for attaching sheets of wall material to columns and other structural members
US4674248A (en) * 1985-12-23 1987-06-23 Alumax, Inc. Fire resistant dual layer bimetallic door frame
US4823533A (en) * 1987-12-30 1989-04-25 Marketing Displays, Inc. Structural cladding apparatus
US4843783A (en) * 1988-04-04 1989-07-04 National Gypsum Company Casing trim
US6226950B1 (en) * 1996-01-22 2001-05-08 L.B. Plastics Limited Modular cladding element
US5956920A (en) * 1997-08-25 1999-09-28 L.B. Plastics Limited Modular post cladding element, post cladding assembly, and method of cladding a post
US6295783B1 (en) 1997-08-25 2001-10-02 L.B. Plastics Limited Post cladding assembly with sheet retaining means
US6412250B2 (en) 1997-08-25 2002-07-02 L.B. Plastics Limited Post cladding assembly
US6308481B1 (en) * 1999-02-19 2001-10-30 Jack Goldberg Cosmetic enhancement of overpass structure
US6601362B1 (en) 2001-09-12 2003-08-05 Richard T. Prince Variable load capacity construction components for patio pool enclosures
US20050109470A1 (en) * 2003-11-24 2005-05-26 Freudenberg Christopher F. Plastic sheet barrier enclosure, system, and method
US7818941B2 (en) * 2003-11-24 2010-10-26 Bearacade Products Llc Plastic sheet barrier enclosure, system, and method
US20060010823A1 (en) * 2004-07-15 2006-01-19 Waters Eric S Cladding assembly and method of cladding posts
US20080289295A1 (en) * 2004-07-15 2008-11-27 Certain Teed Corporation Cladding assembly and method of cladding posts
US8322114B2 (en) 2004-07-15 2012-12-04 Certainteed Corporation Cladding assembly and method of cladding posts
US8074424B2 (en) 2004-07-15 2011-12-13 Certainteed Corporation Cladding assembly and method of cladding posts
US20110113717A1 (en) * 2008-01-16 2011-05-19 Teffenhart Jr Thomas Joseph System and method having an improved self mating beam
US7877962B2 (en) * 2008-01-16 2011-02-01 Teffenhart Jr Thomas Joseph System and method having an improved self-mating beam
USD666743S1 (en) 2008-01-16 2012-09-04 Teffenhart Jr Thomas Joseph Self-mating beam
US20090178360A1 (en) * 2008-01-16 2009-07-16 Teffenhart Jr Thomas Joseph System and method having an improved self-mating beam
USD791342S1 (en) 2008-01-16 2017-07-04 Thomas Joseph Teffenhart, JR. Beam joint
US8915045B2 (en) * 2013-02-21 2014-12-23 EML Products Inc. Sleeves for sign posts
US9945122B2 (en) * 2016-01-25 2018-04-17 IGC Gate Components Inc. Pillar assembly
US10597893B2 (en) * 2018-06-11 2020-03-24 Cindon Developments, Inc. Brace for a post
US10640968B2 (en) 2018-06-21 2020-05-05 Thomas Joseph Teffenhart, JR. System and method having an improved beam and beam coupling system
US10519658B1 (en) * 2018-08-10 2019-12-31 Herron Intellectual Property, Llc High strength, low density columnar structure

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