US3412613A - Device for taking fluid samples from closed systems - Google Patents

Device for taking fluid samples from closed systems Download PDF

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US3412613A
US3412613A US57216966A US3412613A US 3412613 A US3412613 A US 3412613A US 57216966 A US57216966 A US 57216966A US 3412613 A US3412613 A US 3412613A
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passage
container
fluid
sampling
closed
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Raymond E Brown
Richard A Hickerson
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US Department of the Interior
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Interior Usa
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/10Devices for withdrawing samples in the liquid or fluent state
    • G01N1/20Devices for withdrawing samples in the liquid or fluent state for flowing or falling materials
    • G01N1/2035Devices for withdrawing samples in the liquid or fluent state for flowing or falling materials by deviating part of a fluid stream, e.g. by drawing-off or tapping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/598With repair, tapping, assembly, or disassembly means
    • Y10T137/612Tapping a pipe, keg, or apertured tank under pressure
    • Y10T137/6123With aperture forming means

Description

Nov. 26, 1968 R. E. BROWN ET AL 3,412,613
DEVICE FOR TAKING FLUID SAMPLES FROM CLOSED SYSTEMS 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 11, 1966 To vacuum INVENTORS Raymond E Brown R/b/mrd A. Make/son W ATTORNEYS Nov. 26, 1968 R. E. BROWN ET 3,412,613
DEVICE FOR TAKING FLUID SAMPLES FROM CLOSED SYSTEMS Filed Aug. 11. 1966 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTORS Raymohd E. Brown Flt/70rd A. h'lbkerson ATTORNEYS Nov. 26, 1968 R. E. BROWN ET AL 3,412,513
DEVICE FDR TAKING FLUID SAMPLES FROM CLOSED SYSTEMS 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Aug. 11, 1966 Richard H/bkerson ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,412,613 DEVICE FOR TAKING FLUID SAMPLES FROM CLOSED SYSTEMS Raymond E. Brown, Greenbelt, and Richard A. Hickerson, Wheaton, Md., assignors to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Interior Filed Aug. 11, 1966, Ser. No. 572,169 2 Claims. (Cl. 73425.2)
ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A device for extracting fluid samples from closed containers without contamination where a container is punctured through a block member placed sealingly thereon, a sample withdrawn from the container and the container resealed by a plug lowered into the puncture.
Background of invention It is often necessary for purposes of safety or quality control to test fluid samples in closed systems. Accurate testing requires an apparatus which will remove sample fluid from such a system without contamination. Moreover, many of the systems requiring sampling are in Warehouses and distribution centers remote from the area of original production or packaging. Thus, a useful sampling device must also be easy to install, easy to operate, efficient, and inexpensive.
Still further, it is desirable in many instances to take fluid samples from discrete locations within a container.
A number of devices are known which enable the sampling of fluids from closed containers. One type is illustrated by US. Patent 2,767,587 to Perkins wherein there is illustrated a sampling device which improved the state of the art by providing a system which prevents contamination during sampling. To prevent contamination, however, the patentee uses a sampling device which utilizes a probe unit and a receiver unit. The receiver unit must be aflixed to the container. Thus, the utility of that device is limited to systems and containers to which a receiver unit is attached or can easily be attached without contamination of the contents.
Another type of sampling device is illustrated by US. Patent 2,994,224- to Brown. This device is simpler than the previously discussed, but the whole device must be per manently attached to the closed system to enable sampling of fluids without contamination. Such a solution is not'practical where the closed systems to be sampled are drums or cans in warehouses.
Still another device which has been used to sample fluids from closed containers is that used in quality control systems connected with the canning of foods and beverages. Such an apparatus is illustrated by US. Patent 3,203,248. These devices are designed to be operated in conjunction with a production line, wherein the can or bottle to be sampled is placed on a vertically movable platform and is thrust upwards against a piercing needle. This system works well with cans on a production line, but is not well suited to test drums or other containers which may be located in warehouses or stockpiles as the size of such an apparatus would prohibit an eflicient utilization.
Objects of invention Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide an improved apparatus for sampling fluids from closed systems.
Further, it is an object of this invention to provide an improved apparatus for the removal of fluid samples from closed containers.
Further still, it is an object of this invention to provide an improved apparatus for the removal of fluid samples from discrete locations within closed containers.
Still further, objects and features of the invention will become apparent from the following description and accompanying drawings.
Description of invention Briefly, the present apparatus comprises a sealed chamber which is adapted to be afiixed to the surface of a container, a means within said chamber to create an opening in the container and a means to insert a fluid sampling probe into the container through said opening.
The invention and its various modifications will be more fully understood when reference is made to the figures of the accompanying drawings therein:
FIG. 1 is an elevational view partly in cross section of a sampling apparatus according to the present invention which also includes a flow diagram showing a scheme of fluid flow which is obtainable using the present device.
FIG. 2 is a top view showing the chamber of the apparatus in cross section.
FIG. 3 is an elevational view showing the cross sectional detail of the probe tip.
FIG. 4 is a cross sectional view of a plug used in conjunction with the present apparatus.
FIG. 5 is an elevational view partly in cross section showing a modification of the device designed to maintain a specific pressure within the container and to prevent post sampling contamination.
Referring to FIG. 1, the invention is seen as comprising a solid holding block 1 having fitted to its under surface an O ring 50 or other sealing means and having drilled within its body merging passages 2 and 3 which are threaded at their divergent ends and 11, and which combine at the bottom of solid holding block 1 to form opening 4. Communicating with passage 2 is passage 5 which is threaded at 6 to receive a pressure gauge 7 or a plug (not shown). In like manner, passage 8 which is threaded at 9 communicates with passage 3. Threadedly engaged in divergent ends of passages 2 and 3 are Swageloks 12 and 13 which similarly comprise glands 14, threaded portions 15 and caps 16. Slidably fitted within Swageloks 12 and 13 are drill 17 and probe 18, respectively. Probe 18 comprises probe tip 19 having inlet holes 20 to receive fluid. Also part of probe 18 is tubing 21 which extends from probe tip 19 through Swagelok 13 to coupling 22 to which is attached a T fitting 46, one portion of which is connected to a Swagelokfitting 23 and line 24, and the other portion of which is connected to coupling 25. Coupling 25 is seen to be threadedly attached to Swagelok 26 in which is slidably fitted rod 27. Swagelok 26 comprises a gland 70, bushing 71 which is threadedly attached to coupling 25 and cap 72 which is connected to bushing 71. One end of rod 27 is attached to a smaller diameter rod or wire 28 and the other end to handle 29. The apparatus as shown has two fluid outlets; the firstbeing passage 8 which communicates with passages 2, 3 and 5 and the second line 24 which communicates vial tube 21 to probe tip 19. These outlets may be connected to a variety of fluid collection systems. The system as depicted in FIG. 1 comprises line 30 leading via one-way valve 31 and valve 32 to collection chamber 33, line 24 leading to pressure gauge 34 and then via one-way valve 35 and valve 36 to collection chamber 37 with interconnecting lines 38 and 39 communicating between lines 24 and 30 having within them valves 40 and 41, and 42 and 43, respectively. The first of said interconnecting lines 38 has a connection '44 located between valves 40 and 41 which leads to a source of purge gas and the second interconnecting line 39 has a connection located between valves 42 and 43 leading to a variable pressure source.
Referring now to FIG. 2, there is shown in cross section a top view of solid holding block 1 taken along line designated by arrows AA in FIG. 1. Here, solid holding block 1 is seen as having a base portion 51 and an upper portion 52 (also shown in FIG. 1). Drilled in upper portion 52 are threaded passages 5 and 8 (also shown in FIG. 1), threaded openings 53 and 54, which can be used to hold the device on the surface of a closed container, passage 3, passage 2, and drill 17 (all also shown in FIG. 1).
Referring now to FIG. 3, there is shown in cross section the detail of probe tip 19. As shown here, probe 19 comprises an outer hollow casing 60 having fluid inlet holes 20. The casing is threadedly connected to tube 21. Within tube 21 is rod or wire 28 which is operably connected to valve 61 which is fitted within casing 60 and which may be of the ordinary tire-valve type as shown.
FIG. 4 illustrates in cross section a type of plug which may be used in connection with the present sampling device. The plug 90 comprises head portion 80, flange 81, threaded portion 82, body 83 and foldable wing-nut 84.
After all of the gas samples have been taken, plug 90 is inserted into the opening formed by drill 17 with wingnut 84 in a folded position. The head portion is turned to draw wing-nut 84 up on threaded portion 82 and to seal the opening.
To operate the sampling device, drill 17 and probe assembly 18 are initially raised within passages 2 and 3. Solid holding block 1 with O ring 50 is then secured, by clamping means not shown, to the surface: of the closed container containing the fluid to be sampled, which may be a tank, drum, can or the like. Valves 36, 42, 43, and 32 are opened and valves 40 and 41 are closed. The whole system, solid holding block, probes and collection zones can be evacuated to a desired degree. Valves 42 and 43 are closed and drill bit 17 is lowered through Swagelok 12 until it touches the surface of the container. A driving means (not shown) is attached to the drill bit and an opening is formed through the wall of the container. The vacuum in the system and/or the pressure in the fluid container forces fluid up into passage 3 and out passage 8 through one-way valve 31 to collection chamber 33 which had been previously evacuated. Valve 32 is then closed and the sample is removed from the system. Drill bit 17 is raised to allow for the probe assembly 21 to be lowered through Swagelok 13 allowing probe tip 19 to enter the container through the opening formed by drill 17 to a predetermined depth.
Fluid samples are taken from the container by applying pressure to handle 29 which activates one-way valve 61 as shown in FIG. 3. Fluid in the container is drawn through holes 20 in probe tip 19, up to tube 21 to T 46 where it enters line 24, passes through one-way valve 35, and finally collects in chamber 37, which had previously been evacuated. Valve 36 is then closed and the sample is removed from the system.
At this point more sample collecting chambers could be added to the system and a plurality of samples could be taken from discrete portions of the container or the container could be purged and filled with any desired fluid by using valves 31 and 32.
After the desired number of samples have been taken, the device is removed from the container and the opening is closed, as described above, by a plug such as 90 shown in FIG. 4.
In many applications it is desirable to keep the container free from contamination before, during and after sampling. The device of the present invention is adapted to be modified to meet such ends. An example of such a modification is illustrated in FIG. 5. In that figure, the sampling device is seen as comprising solid holding block 100, having fitted in its under surface an 0 ring 101 or other sealing means. Drilled Within the body of solid holding block 100 are merging passages 102, 103 and 104 which are threaded at their diverging ends 105, 106 and 107, respectively, and which combine at the bottom of solid holding block to form opening 108. Communicating with passage 102 is passage 109 threaded at 110 to receive a pressure gauge or plug (not shown). In like manner passage 103 has communicating therewith passage 111 which is threaded at 112. Threadedly engaged in divergent ends of 102, 103 and 104 are Swageloks 113, 114 and 115,'respectively, having structures similar/to that of Swageloks 12 and 13 of FIG. 1. Slidably mounted within Swagelok 113 is drill 116 which is adapted to pass through opening 108. In a like manner, Swagelok 114 houses a probe assembly 117 such as the one described in FIGS. 1, 3 and 4. The center Swagelok houses a slidably positioned turning device 118 which is friction fitted to a plug 119 of the type shown in FIG. 4.
The operation of the modified device shown in FIG. 5 is similar to the unmodified embodiment with the exception that after all of the samples have been taken and probe 117 is withdrawn from opening 108, and before solid holding block 100 is removed from the sampled container, a tool or turning device 118 with attached plug 119 is lowered to seal opening 108 while chamber 100 is held at a predetermined pressure. In this manner it is possible to return the container to its previous pre-sampling condition, fill it with a purge fluid, or seal it under a partial vacuum.
It should be appreciated that the invention as described may be further modified to meet the requirements of specific testing conditions and goals. For example, the under surface of the sampling device may be easily adapted to seal to different contours and shapes, the drill as shown could be replaced by a punch or needle where the walls of the sample container are easily pierced, the probe tip may have adapted to it a flexible tubing to enable the sampling of fluids from specific locations within the container, the turning means shown in FIG. 5 may be operated manually or automatically, and the probe tip may comprise a rotating valve assembly.
Still further modifications, adaptations, and alterations which will become apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art are possible within the spirit and scope of the invention.
As used in the above disclosure, the term fluid means either gas or liquid as the present invention is adapted to sample either form.
What is claimed is:
1. An apparatus for sampling fluids from closed containers comprising:
(a) a substantially solid holding block having a first surface, means to seal said first surface in a fluidtight relationship with the surface of a closed container, said holding block further comprising three primary passage means, said passage means converging at said first surface to form an opening therein, the divergent ends of said primary passage means extending through one or more surfaces of said ho1ding block, and secondary passage means providing fluid communication from at least one of said primary passage means to the exterior of said block;
(b) a hole-forming means slidably mounted in one of the primary passages;
(c) means to seal said hole-forming means within said passage;
(d) fluid collecting means connected to a second of said primary passages through said secondary passage means, said collecting means comprising a fluid passage means slidably mounted within said second primary passage, mean to seal said fluid passage means within said second primary passage, a fluid inlet valve in said secondary passage means, and means to remotely actuate said valve;
(e) a tool slidably mounted within the third said primary passage and adapted to hold and insert a sealing plug into an opening formed by said hole-forming means, and means to seal said tool within said third primary passage.
5 2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said third primary 2,955,595 passage is substantially normal to said first surface. 3,201,994 3,206,982 References Cited 3,229,711 UNITED STATES PATENTS 5 2,608,989 9/1952 McDonald 137-318 2,786,355 3/1957 Day et al. 73421.5
Sernple 137-318 X Adams 73421.5
Blondfield 73421.5 Leopold et a]. 137-318 LOUIS R. PRINCE, Primary Examiner.
D. M. YASICH, Assistant Examiner.
US57216966 1966-08-11 1966-08-11 Device for taking fluid samples from closed systems Expired - Lifetime US3412613A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3501964A (en) * 1968-03-29 1970-03-24 Drummond Instr Co Assembly for injecting liquid samples into the chamber of a gas chromatography apparatus
US3534613A (en) * 1969-02-10 1970-10-20 Us Army Sampling apparatus
USRE29087E (en) * 1971-10-29 1976-12-28 Particulate material sampling device
US4350052A (en) * 1980-07-30 1982-09-21 Elizabeth Virginia Kendall Apparatus and method for tapping and extracting oil samples from an underground high pressure pipe-type transmission cable system
US4454774A (en) * 1982-01-04 1984-06-19 Aluminum Company Of America Method of sampling a liquid in a container
US4557151A (en) * 1983-01-07 1985-12-10 Welker Engineering Company Sampler incorporating pressure balanced check valve
US4625571A (en) * 1981-10-31 1986-12-02 British Petroleum Company Grab sampler
US4941517A (en) * 1988-10-20 1990-07-17 Galloway Trust Aseptic fluid transfer apparatus and methods
US5029485A (en) * 1989-10-10 1991-07-09 Southern California Edison Apparatus and method for remotely sampling fluid
US5086813A (en) * 1988-10-20 1992-02-11 Galloway Edwin J Aseptic fluid transfer methods
US5131283A (en) * 1990-11-26 1992-07-21 Canfield Michael H Tool for sampling oil from electric distribution transformer tanks for PCB contamination
US5299464A (en) * 1991-11-22 1994-04-05 Bennett James A Hot stick transformer sampler
US5343900A (en) * 1988-10-20 1994-09-06 Galloway Company Needle bundle driver and methods
US5767422A (en) * 1996-10-02 1998-06-16 Nft Incorporated Methods of and apparatus for testing and venting drums
US6041669A (en) * 1996-10-02 2000-03-28 Nft Incorporated Methods of and apparatus for testing and venting drums
US6332369B1 (en) * 1996-06-13 2001-12-25 Aes Laboratoire, Societe Anonyme Ayant Son Siege Social Device for collecting gas in sealed containers that are to be controlled
US8850906B2 (en) 2010-10-07 2014-10-07 Bay6 Solutions Inc. Fluid sampling device

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2608989A (en) * 1949-02-24 1952-09-02 John W Mcdonald Piercing valve
US2786355A (en) * 1953-04-16 1957-03-26 Crown Cork & Seal Co Fluid analyzing system and sampling device
US2955595A (en) * 1959-05-19 1960-10-11 Fenwal Lab Inc Therapeutic fluid sampling means
US3201994A (en) * 1963-02-06 1965-08-24 Beckman Instruments Inc Fluid sampling device
US3206982A (en) * 1962-12-18 1965-09-21 Beckman Instruments Inc Fluid sampling device
US3229711A (en) * 1963-10-30 1966-01-18 Mueller Co Method and apparatus for connecting a service line to a main without escape of fluidfrom the main to the atmosphere

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2608989A (en) * 1949-02-24 1952-09-02 John W Mcdonald Piercing valve
US2786355A (en) * 1953-04-16 1957-03-26 Crown Cork & Seal Co Fluid analyzing system and sampling device
US2955595A (en) * 1959-05-19 1960-10-11 Fenwal Lab Inc Therapeutic fluid sampling means
US3206982A (en) * 1962-12-18 1965-09-21 Beckman Instruments Inc Fluid sampling device
US3201994A (en) * 1963-02-06 1965-08-24 Beckman Instruments Inc Fluid sampling device
US3229711A (en) * 1963-10-30 1966-01-18 Mueller Co Method and apparatus for connecting a service line to a main without escape of fluidfrom the main to the atmosphere

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3501964A (en) * 1968-03-29 1970-03-24 Drummond Instr Co Assembly for injecting liquid samples into the chamber of a gas chromatography apparatus
US3534613A (en) * 1969-02-10 1970-10-20 Us Army Sampling apparatus
USRE29087E (en) * 1971-10-29 1976-12-28 Particulate material sampling device
US4350052A (en) * 1980-07-30 1982-09-21 Elizabeth Virginia Kendall Apparatus and method for tapping and extracting oil samples from an underground high pressure pipe-type transmission cable system
US4625571A (en) * 1981-10-31 1986-12-02 British Petroleum Company Grab sampler
US4454774A (en) * 1982-01-04 1984-06-19 Aluminum Company Of America Method of sampling a liquid in a container
US4557151A (en) * 1983-01-07 1985-12-10 Welker Engineering Company Sampler incorporating pressure balanced check valve
US5343900A (en) * 1988-10-20 1994-09-06 Galloway Company Needle bundle driver and methods
US4941517A (en) * 1988-10-20 1990-07-17 Galloway Trust Aseptic fluid transfer apparatus and methods
US5086813A (en) * 1988-10-20 1992-02-11 Galloway Edwin J Aseptic fluid transfer methods
US5029485A (en) * 1989-10-10 1991-07-09 Southern California Edison Apparatus and method for remotely sampling fluid
US5131283A (en) * 1990-11-26 1992-07-21 Canfield Michael H Tool for sampling oil from electric distribution transformer tanks for PCB contamination
US5299464A (en) * 1991-11-22 1994-04-05 Bennett James A Hot stick transformer sampler
US6332369B1 (en) * 1996-06-13 2001-12-25 Aes Laboratoire, Societe Anonyme Ayant Son Siege Social Device for collecting gas in sealed containers that are to be controlled
US5767422A (en) * 1996-10-02 1998-06-16 Nft Incorporated Methods of and apparatus for testing and venting drums
US6041669A (en) * 1996-10-02 2000-03-28 Nft Incorporated Methods of and apparatus for testing and venting drums
US8850906B2 (en) 2010-10-07 2014-10-07 Bay6 Solutions Inc. Fluid sampling device

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