US3406807A - Printer in which type is projected and type head moved toward platen - Google Patents

Printer in which type is projected and type head moved toward platen Download PDF

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Publication number
US3406807A
US3406807A US64245467A US3406807A US 3406807 A US3406807 A US 3406807A US 64245467 A US64245467 A US 64245467A US 3406807 A US3406807 A US 3406807A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
type
drum
typing
shaft
platen
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Sasaki Rentaro
Sawaki Toshiro
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Oki Electric Industry Co Ltd
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Oki Electric Industry Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP3501866A priority Critical patent/JPS495938B1/ja
Priority to JP8326066A priority patent/JPS4927135B1/ja
Application filed by Oki Electric Industry Co Ltd filed Critical Oki Electric Industry Co Ltd
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3406807A publication Critical patent/US3406807A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J1/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the mounting, arrangement, or disposition of the types or dies
    • B41J1/22Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the mounting, arrangement, or disposition of the types or dies with types or dies mounted on carriers rotatable for selection
    • B41J1/32Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the mounting, arrangement, or disposition of the types or dies with types or dies mounted on carriers rotatable for selection the plane of the type or die face being parallel to the axis of rotation, e.g. with type on the periphery of cylindrical carriers
    • B41J1/44Carriers stationary for impression
    • B41J1/54Types or dies movable on wheel, drum, cylinder or like carriers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J7/00Type-selecting or type-actuating mechanisms
    • B41J7/54Selecting arrangements including combinations, permutation, summation, or aggregation means
    • B41J7/56Summation devices for mechanical movements
    • B41J7/62Gearing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J7/00Type-selecting or type-actuating mechanisms
    • B41J7/54Selecting arrangements including combinations, permutation, summation, or aggregation means
    • B41J7/56Summation devices for mechanical movements
    • B41J7/64Pulley and strand mechanism

Description

Ucfi. 22, 1968 RENTARQ sA$AK| ET AL 3,406,807
PRINTER IN WHICH TYPE 15 PROJECTED AND TYPE HEAD MOVED TOWARD PLATEN Filed May 31, 1967 INVENTOR RENYWRO K! T05. IRO 5R HHKI ATTORNEY5 United States Patent 01 fice ABSTRACT on THE "DISCLOSURE Y Aprinter is disclosed as including an angularly and axially displaceable type drum. having types mounted thereon forradi al displacement andwith their type faces on the outer periphery of the drum. The drum is secured to an axially and angularlydisplaceable shaft operable by type selecting means. A sleeve slidably embraces theshaft andis fixed against rotation, and this sleeve carries a selecting ball rotati ngly engageable with the radially inner ends of the types to project the types radially outwardly as they are moved to a printing position in which they are aligned with a platen spaced from the drum. Operating means are connected to the sleeve to swing the sleeve, shaft and drum toward the platen to engage a selected type, projected radially outwardly by the selecting ball, with a paper or the like on the platen.
This invention relates to a printer.
An object of the present invention is to provide a high speed printer or more particularly a novel printer in which the operating stroke of types in typing is made short, the typing speed is increased and the selecting operation can set in immediately after the typing, and which is therefore adapted to high speed typing.
In the accompanying drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic side view of a printer embodying the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a detailed perspective view of a type drum and a selecting mechanism in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a partial detailed side view of FIG. 2.
The type drum and selecting mechanism of the present invention will be explained with reference to FIG. 2. In the drawing, 1 is a type drum having a thin cylindrical inside drum case 1a and outside drum case 1b. Types 2 are set between the above mentioned cases, the heads of the types are arranged along the peripheral surface of the drum and the supporting bars 2a of the types are projected toward the center axis of the drum 1 so that, when these supporting bars 2a are pushed with the later described selecting ball, the types may slide outward. 3 is a spring for returning each type 2.
Type drum is mounted on the upper threaded end 4a of an axially and angularly displaceable shaft 4 through the medium of a washer 5, a lock washer 6, and a nut 7. A cylindrical rack 8 is secured to the lower end of shaft 4 to rotate therewith, and a gear 9 is keyed to shaft 4 with shaft 4 being axially displaceable relative to gear 9. Rack 8 is moved axially by a vertical selection gear 11 fixed on a shaft 10.
The type driving shaft 4 is slidable in the vertical direction with respect to the rotary gear 9 but is fixed against rotation relative to gear 9.
The rotary gear 9 is rotated through a rotary driving gear 13 from a rotating direction selecting shaft 12 so that the rotation of the type driving shaft 4 may be controlled.
14 is a hollow pipe which has the above mentioned type driving shaft 4 slidably and rotatably inserted in- 7 3,406,807 Patented Oct. 22, 1968 side it as shown in FIG. 3, is integrally engaged at one end 14a with typing plate 23 (see FIG. 1) and is integrally fitted with a selecting ball receiver 15 at the other end 14b. A selecting ball 16 is fitted in a circular recess in the periphery of ball receiver plate 15, and is retained in position by upper and lower plates 17a and 17b, respectrvely, which operate conjointly with the recess 15a to provide a socket for ball 16 which is rotatable in the socket. As drum 1 is rotated or axially displaced, each type, as it comes into a printing position in alignment with the platen 18, is projected radially outwardly by engagement of ball 16 with the radially inner end of the type.
18 1s a platen,- 19 is a ribbon and 20 is a typing paper.
A typing mechanism embodying the present invention shall now be explained with reference to FIG. 1. 21 is a cam driving shaft connected with a typing clutch not illustrated. 22 is a typing cam. A typing plate or lever is indicated at 23 as pivotally mounted at one end on a pivot 23a and as having a roller or the like 23b on its opposite end engageable with the periphery of a typing cam 22 rotatable about the axis of a shaft 21. A tension spring 24 biases lever or plate 23 toward cam 22. Plate or lever 23 is fixedly secured to the part 14a of sleeve 14.
Therefore, by the selecting mechanism not illustrated, when the shaft 10 is rotated by a fixed amount, the type drum 1 will be moved by a fixed amount in the vertical direction, and, on the other hand, when the shaft 12 is rotated by a fixed amount the type drum 1 will be rotated by a fixed amount in the rotating direction through the rotary gears 13 and 9 and the shaft 4. By both of these selecting operations, any desired type will be brought to the typing position and will be at the same time slid outward by the selecting ball 16 so that the distance between the surface of said type and the platen 18 may be reduced. Then the clutch not illustrated will be operated by .a typing starting pulse so that typing may be made with the typing drum 1 as soon as the drum stops. The typing cam will be rotated through the cam driving shaft 21. By the concave part of said cam, the typing plate 23 will be rotated anticlockwise as shown by the dotted line around the axis 23a. The type drum 1 will be swung to be pressed against the surface of the platen 18 so that the above mentioned selected type may be typed on the typing paper 20. Then, even when the selecting operation sets in simultaneously with the return of said drum 1, the movement of the supporting bar 2a of the type 2 and the selecting ball 16 will be such that said ball 16 will be free to rotate to come smoothly into opposite contact with the supporting bar of the next type.
In the same manner, the type selecting operations may end before the type drum 1 swings to be pressed toward the surface of the platen 18. Therefore, the typing operation can set in simultaneously with the selecting operation.
As in the above, the present invention has the outstanding advantages that, as soon as any desired type is selected, said type will be slid outward by the selecting ball so that the operating stroke of the type drum in typing may be made so short that high speed typing will be thereby made possible, that the curvature of the surfaces of the type will be reduced, that there will be a sufficient space for the type on each side of the selected type and that the clearness of the typing will be improved. A further advantage is that the swing of the type drum and the movement of the supporting bar of the type and the selecting ball after typing will be so smooth that it will be possible for the next selecting operation to set in immediately and that, as it also possible for the typing operation to set in simultaneously with the type selecting operation, a high speed printer will be made possible.
What is claimed is:
1. A printer comprising, in combination, a type drum;
a plurality of types mounted in said drum in axially and angularly spaced relation andhaving type faces on the outer periphery of said drum, said types being mounted for displacement radially of said drum; means biasing said types radially inwardly to a retracted position; a platen spaced from said drum; a shaft secured to said drum and mounted for axial and angular displacement to position a selected type in a printing position in alignment with said platen; a sleeve slidably embracing said shaft and fixed against rotation; a type selecting ball mounted on said sleeve within said drum and rotatingly engageable with the radially inner ends of said types to project the types radially outwardly as thetypes are moved to the printing position by axial and angular displacement of said drum by said shaft; and operating means connected to said sleeve and operable to swing said sleeve, shaft and drum toward said platen to engage a selected type, projected radially outwardly by said type selecting ball, with a paper or the like on said platen.
2. A printer, as claimed in claim 1, including a circular plate fixed to the upper end of said sleeve and formed with a circular recess in its periphery; said type selecting ball being engaged in said recesses; and retaining plates secured to said circular plate and forming, conjointly with said circular plate, a socket rotatably receiving said type selecting ball.
3. A printer, as claimed in claim 2, in which said operating means comprises a plate fixed to said sleeve; means pivotally mounting one end of said plate; a rotatable typing cam engageable with the free end of said last-named'platef and spring means biasing said' last named plate into engagement with said typing cam.
4. A printer, as claimed in claim 3, including a cylindrical rack secured to the lower end of said shaft and engaged by a gear fixed ma rotatable shaft, for effecting axial displacement of said'shaft and'said drum; and a second gear mounted on said shaft, fixed against rotation relative thereto, and axially displaceable relative to said shaft, said second gear-being engagedby althird gear driven by another shaft foreffecting angular displacement of-said shaft and said drum.
' Refereuces'C ited UNITED STATES PATENTS Sasaki et a1. 197-53 ROBERT E. PULFREY, Primary Examiner. EDGAR s. BURR, Examiner.
US64245467 1966-06-01 1967-05-31 Printer in which type is projected and type head moved toward platen Expired - Lifetime US3406807A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP3501866A JPS495938B1 (en) 1966-06-01 1966-06-01
JP8326066A JPS4927135B1 (en) 1966-12-21 1966-12-21

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US3406807A true US3406807A (en) 1968-10-22

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US64245467 Expired - Lifetime US3406807A (en) 1966-06-01 1967-05-31 Printer in which type is projected and type head moved toward platen
US64423667 Expired - Lifetime US3419124A (en) 1966-06-01 1967-06-07 Cable positioned type drum printer

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US64423667 Expired - Lifetime US3419124A (en) 1966-06-01 1967-06-07 Cable positioned type drum printer

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DE (2) DE1561279C3 (en)
GB (2) GB1190920A (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3640369A (en) * 1969-04-07 1972-02-08 Singer Co Flexible shell printing element
US3739897A (en) * 1970-12-01 1973-06-19 Honeywell Inf Systems Internal actuator for impacting a serial printer print head
USB350523I5 (en) * 1972-04-15 1975-01-28
US3901371A (en) * 1972-03-29 1975-08-26 Rca Corp Print actuator arrangement and encoder
US3941229A (en) * 1973-08-14 1976-03-02 Ing. C. Olivetti & C., S.P.A. Serial printing device
US3990562A (en) * 1974-08-13 1976-11-09 Fujitsu Ltd. Serial printer
US3991872A (en) * 1974-09-14 1976-11-16 Yamura Kabushikikaisha Shinko Seisakusho Type element mounting for high speed type positioning mechanism
US4199765A (en) * 1977-06-04 1980-04-22 DIA-NIELSEL GmbH Zubehor fur die Messtechnik Printing device for multiple recorders

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3861511A (en) * 1973-03-07 1975-01-21 Ncr Co Rotational shaft coupling apparatus with adjustable coupling ratio and positive displacement
DE2358682A1 (en) * 1973-11-24 1975-05-28 Philips Patentverwaltung DRIVE DEVICE FOR MOVING THE MOVING PART OF A PRINTING DEVICE
DE2832954A1 (en) * 1978-07-27 1980-02-07 Triumph Werke Nuernberg Ag TYPEWRITER IN WHICH ALL ESSENTIAL, ENERGY-CONSUMING FUNCTIONS ARE EXECUTED BY ELECTRICAL ENERGY
US4297040A (en) * 1980-06-13 1981-10-27 Triumph-Werke Nurnberg A.G. Method and apparatus for positioning a type disc in a balanced force system
JPS6156107B2 (en) * 1982-04-26 1986-12-01 Shirubaa Seiko Kk

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2044550A (en) * 1931-02-25 1936-06-16 Teissedre Gustave Typewriter
US2874634A (en) * 1956-02-14 1959-02-24 Olympia Werke Ag Printing apparatus
US2891648A (en) * 1956-10-31 1959-06-23 Kleinschmidt Lab Inc Rotary typewheel printer
US2906388A (en) * 1958-05-13 1959-09-29 Kier Sven Typewriter
US3077832A (en) * 1960-08-19 1963-02-19 Ritzerfeld Wilhelm Copy sheet controlled selective duplicator
US3138092A (en) * 1957-12-19 1964-06-23 Block & Anderson Ltd Selective printing arrangements for rotary printing or duplicating machines
US3289805A (en) * 1964-11-27 1966-12-06 Scm Corp Typewriter having typelevers mounted on a rotating member
US3295652A (en) * 1964-03-25 1967-01-03 Oki Electric Ind Co Ltd Type drum selector using sliding plates
US3326346A (en) * 1965-10-20 1967-06-20 Sasaki Rentaro Type drum printer with hammer mounted inside of and coaxial with drum

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL256795A (en) * 1959-10-14
US3175671A (en) * 1961-11-02 1965-03-30 Royal Mcbee Corp Printing head positioning means using circular code members
US3168182A (en) * 1963-03-21 1965-02-02 David W Bernard Type wheel shifting and impacting means in high speed printers
US3227259A (en) * 1963-08-22 1966-01-04 Mite Corp Electrically operated printer with type body axially movable and rotatable
US3247941A (en) * 1963-12-20 1966-04-26 Ibm Printing head with means to position head before striking movement begins

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2044550A (en) * 1931-02-25 1936-06-16 Teissedre Gustave Typewriter
US2874634A (en) * 1956-02-14 1959-02-24 Olympia Werke Ag Printing apparatus
US2891648A (en) * 1956-10-31 1959-06-23 Kleinschmidt Lab Inc Rotary typewheel printer
US3138092A (en) * 1957-12-19 1964-06-23 Block & Anderson Ltd Selective printing arrangements for rotary printing or duplicating machines
US2906388A (en) * 1958-05-13 1959-09-29 Kier Sven Typewriter
US3077832A (en) * 1960-08-19 1963-02-19 Ritzerfeld Wilhelm Copy sheet controlled selective duplicator
US3295652A (en) * 1964-03-25 1967-01-03 Oki Electric Ind Co Ltd Type drum selector using sliding plates
US3289805A (en) * 1964-11-27 1966-12-06 Scm Corp Typewriter having typelevers mounted on a rotating member
US3326346A (en) * 1965-10-20 1967-06-20 Sasaki Rentaro Type drum printer with hammer mounted inside of and coaxial with drum

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3640369A (en) * 1969-04-07 1972-02-08 Singer Co Flexible shell printing element
US3739897A (en) * 1970-12-01 1973-06-19 Honeywell Inf Systems Internal actuator for impacting a serial printer print head
US3901371A (en) * 1972-03-29 1975-08-26 Rca Corp Print actuator arrangement and encoder
USB350523I5 (en) * 1972-04-15 1975-01-28
US3924726A (en) * 1972-04-15 1975-12-09 Triumph Werke Nuernberg Ag Typehead support for a single element printer
US3941229A (en) * 1973-08-14 1976-03-02 Ing. C. Olivetti & C., S.P.A. Serial printing device
US3990562A (en) * 1974-08-13 1976-11-09 Fujitsu Ltd. Serial printer
US3991872A (en) * 1974-09-14 1976-11-16 Yamura Kabushikikaisha Shinko Seisakusho Type element mounting for high speed type positioning mechanism
US4199765A (en) * 1977-06-04 1980-04-22 DIA-NIELSEL GmbH Zubehor fur die Messtechnik Printing device for multiple recorders

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE1786605A1 (en) 1975-01-09
DE1561279A1 (en) 1970-03-19
US3419124A (en) 1968-12-31
DE1561279C3 (en) 1974-12-12
GB1191440A (en) 1970-05-13
GB1190920A (en) 1970-05-06
DE1561279B2 (en) 1974-05-09

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