US3382693A - Ring rolling tool - Google Patents

Ring rolling tool Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3382693A
US3382693A US436608A US43660865A US3382693A US 3382693 A US3382693 A US 3382693A US 436608 A US436608 A US 436608A US 43660865 A US43660865 A US 43660865A US 3382693 A US3382693 A US 3382693A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
roll
ring
rolls
rolling
hollow
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US436608A
Inventor
Rozhdestvensky Jury Lvovich
Smirnov Victor Victorovich
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
VNI KT I PODSHIPNIKOVOI PROMY
VSESOJUZNY NAUCHNO-ISSLEDOVATELSKY KONSTRUKTORSKO-TEKHNOLOGICHESKY INSTITUTE PODSHIPNIKOVOI PROMYSHLENNOSTI
Original Assignee
VNI KT I PODSHIPNIKOVOI PROMY
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by VNI KT I PODSHIPNIKOVOI PROMY filed Critical VNI KT I PODSHIPNIKOVOI PROMY
Priority to US436608A priority Critical patent/US3382693A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3382693A publication Critical patent/US3382693A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21HMAKING PARTICULAR METAL OBJECTS BY ROLLING, e.g. SCREWS, WHEELS, RINGS, BARRELS, BALLS
    • B21H1/00Making articles shaped as bodies of revolution
    • B21H1/06Making articles shaped as bodies of revolution rings of restricted axial length
    • B21H1/12Making articles shaped as bodies of revolution rings of restricted axial length rings for ball or roller bearings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C33/00Parts of bearings; Special methods for making bearings or parts thereof
    • F16C33/30Parts of ball or roller bearings
    • F16C33/58Raceways; Race rings
    • F16C33/64Special methods of manufacture
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49636Process for making bearing or component thereof
    • Y10T29/49643Rotary bearing
    • Y10T29/49679Anti-friction bearing or component thereof
    • Y10T29/49689Race making

Description

May 14, 1968 J. ROZHDESTVENSKY ETAL 3,382,693

RING ROLLING TOOL Filed March 2, 1965 2 SheetsSheet l INVENTORS JURY LVOVICH ROZHDESTVENSKY VICTOR VICTOROVICH SIVHRNOV ATTORNEYS y 1968 J. 1.. ROZHDESTVENSKY ETAL 3,382,63

RING ROLLING TOOL 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed March 2, 1 965 INVENTORS JURY LVOVICH ROZHDESTVENSKY VICTOR VICTOROVICH SMIRNOV By mmygw *WQ ATTORNEY s United States Patent Office Patented May 14, 1958 3,382,693 RING ROLLING TOOL Jury Lvovich Rozhdestvensky and Victor Victorovich Smiruov, Moscow, U.S.S.R., assignors to Vsesojuzny Nauchno-Issledovatelsky Koustruktorsko-Tekhnologichesky Institute podshipnikovoi Promyshleunosti, Moscow, U.S.S.R.

Filed Mar. 2, 1965, Ser. No. 436,608 2 Claims. (CI. 72-87) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A ring rolling tool using a hollow roll against the inner surface of which the ring is rolled by an inner roll, and side rolls rotating on an axis exterior of the hollow roll and tangential to the inner roll, and means to move the hollow roll to one side so that a flash formed between the inner roll and the side rolls will be cut off by the side rolls.

This invention relates to ring rolling machines, more particularly to the tools thereof for rolling rings, including the outer races of anti-friction bearings.

It is known to use tools for the so-called closed ring rolling which comprise a hollow roll accommodating an inside roll so that a heated ring blank is placed between the two and rolled by virtue of said two rolls rotating in the same direction and moving radially in relation to each other. This permits the rings so worked to acquire the desired contour of the inside surface and be chamfered at four edges.

Excess metal present in the rings due to a dilference in the weight of the ring blanks is formed into side fins. Extraction of the rolled rings is accomplished by making the hollow roll split in the end plane.

With the use of the aforesaid tool, the rolled rings approach the final shape and dimensions. However, during the final stage of rolling a considerable axial stress is set up in the rings, which, accompanied by intense cooling of the blank, causes high unit pressures on the tool. Removal of the side fins necessitates additional cutting operations such as turning in a lathe.

It is also known to use tools for the so-called open ring rolling which comprise two rolls on one of which the ring blank is put to be rolled by the action of said two rolls rotating in the opposite directions and moving radially in relation to each other.

With this method of rolling, it is possible to obtain rings with the desired contour of the outer and inner surfaces and chamfers at four edges. Open rolling gives rise to comparatively low unit pressures on the tool. However, difference in the Weight of the ring blanks results in inaccuracy of the diametrical dimensions of the rolled rings.

The object of this invention is to eliminate the aforementioned principal disadvantages.

A further object of this invention is to devise a ring rolling tool that will permit substantial reduction in unit pressures on the tool and provide for obtaining the desired ring cross section with high accuracy in dimensions, the side fins being removed directly during the rolling process.

According to the present invention, there is provided a ring rolling tool for use in a ring rolling machine, which tool comprises a positively driven hollow roll and another roll disposed within said hollow roll so as to form a space to accommodate a ring blank to be rolled by the action of said tool, with said two rolls moving radially in relation to each other, the excess metal existing due to a difference in the weight of ring blanks being formed into side fins. The outer surface of the hollow roll bears on two rolls and is less in width than the ring being rolled, due to which the hollow roll forms only the center portion of the ring blank outer surface. The hollow roll is sandwiched be tween side rolls which are mounted on a shaft parallel to the axes of the hollow roll and the inner roll and serve to form the outer chamfers of the ring.

In order to provide for removal of fins in the process of rolling, the side rolls, hollow roll and inner roll are disposed so that the axis of the side rolls is off the plane passing through the axes of the hollow and inner rolls.

The use of the tool claimed herein permits production of precision ring-shaped articles, e.g. outer races of anti-friction bearings, with comparatively low unit pressures in rolling and small allowances for subsequent cutting, thus ensuring economy in metal and labour.

For a further understanding of the present invention reference is to be had to the following description and the accompanying drawing, wherein:

FIG. 1 shows an axial section through the tool interacting with the blank;

FIG. 2 is a section on line 22 of FIG. 1 on an enlarged scale;

FIG. 3 shows a section of the flash as it is being removed, ring 1 being moved to one side;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary section on line 4-4 of FIG. 3; and

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary section on line 5-5 of FIG. 3.

The ring rolling tool comprises a hollow roll 1 (FIG. 1), an inner roll 2 and side rolls 3. The inner roll 2 is disposed within the hollow roll 1 so as to provide a space to accommodate a ring blank 4.

The side rolls 3 are coaxially mounted on the pressure roll 5 of the ring rolling machine and positioned on either side of the hollow roll 1.

The width h of the hollow roll 1 is less than the width H of the ring blank 4, the roll 1 serving to form the center portion of the outer surface of the ring blank 4.

The side rolls 3 serve to form the outer chamfers 6 of the ring blank 4.

The side rolls 3, hollow roll 1, and inner roll 2 can be so disposed that the axis O O of the side rolls 3 is off the plane passing through the axis O O of the hollow roll 1 and the axis 0 -0 of the inner roll 2, which disposition permits removing the side fins in the process of rolling the ring blank 4.

The hollow roll 1 is driven by the pressure roll 5 by the action of friction, being forced towards the inner roll 2. Under these conditions relative radial movement of the hollow roll 1 and the inner roll 2 occurs, due to which excess metal present because of a difference in the weight of the ring blanks is formed into side fins 7.

The side faces of the side rolls 3 guide the hollow roll 1, while the working surfaces 8 of the side rolls 3 form the outer chamfers 6 on the ring blank 4, the contour of the ring inner surface being formed by the inner roll 2. During the final stage of rolling the outside diameter of the ring blank is confined by the inside diameter of the hollow roll 1.

With this design of the tool, during the final stage of rolling the side rolls 3 may be brought up against the inner roll 2 as to increase the accuracy of rolling and to compress the flash 7 to a very thin section.

The removal of the flashes 7 is seen diagrammatically in FIGURES 3, 4 and 5. In FIGURE 3 the flash only is shown in section. The side rolls 3 rotating clockwise and the hollow roll being moved to the right under the influence of the roll 9, the flash then is pushed down as seen in FIGURE 5. Then, as the shaped work piece passes to the location of inner roll 2, the flash is bent upwardly as seen in FIGURE 4. As pointed out above, when the side rolls 3 are brought against the shaft of inner roll 2 the flash 7 is very thin so it requires very little movement as seen in FIGURES 4 and 5 to remove the flash.

Thus the ring rolling tool described herein performs the so-called semiclosed rolling, which is a combination of the closed method (whereby the center portion of the ring blank outer surface is formed within the hollow roll 1) and the Open method (whereby the parts of the ring blank 4 extending from the hollow roll 1 are formed between side rolls). This combined method provides for removal of side fins in the process of rolling and reduction in the unit pressures exerted between the ring blank and the tool. The latter effect is attributed to the more favorable strain conditions, as compared to the closed method, owing to open rolling of the end portions of the ring blank as well as to the reduction in the heat loss suffered by the ring blank in the event of hot rolling, which reduction results from the fact that the area of contact between the ring blank and the tool is less than in the case of the tools used hitherto for closed rolling.

What is claimed is:

1. A ring rolling tool designed for use in ring rolling machines and comprising: a positively driven hollow roll the width of which is less than that of the ring blank, said hollow roll forming the center portion of the ring blank outer surface; an inner roll accommodated within said hollow roll; a space between said hollow roll and said inner roll serving to accommodate a ring blank to be rolled by the action of said tool, side rolls provided to form the outer chamfers on the ring blank and mounted on either side of said hollow roll on a shaft disposed parallel to the axes and beyond the peripheries of said hollow and inner rolls; means to move said inner and said hollow rolls radially in relation to each other to press a ring blank therebetween, the excess of metal existing due to excess volume of the weight of the ring blank being formed into side fins; and at least one movable support roll adapted to move said hollow roll in a direction normal to its axis whereby said side fins will be cut off.

2. A ring rolling tool designed for use in ring rolling machines and comprising: a positively driven hollow roll the width of which is less than that of the ring blank, said hollow roll forming the center portion of the ring blank outer surface; an inner roll accommodated within said hollow roll; a space between said hollow roll and said inner roll serving to accommodate a ring blank to be rolled by the action of said tool, said rolls being movable radially in relation to each other to press said ring blank therebetween, the excess of metal existing due to excess volume of the ring blank being formed into side fins; side rolls provided to form the outer chamfers on the ring blank and mounted on either side of said hollow roll on a shaft disposed parallel to the axes and beyond the peripheries of said hollow and inner rolls and to one side of the plane passing through the axes of said hollow and inner rolls whereby the side fins are removed in the process of rolling.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 745,555 12/1903 Aranyi -5 X 3,160,036 12/1964 Ernestus 72-91 X 3,230,606 1/1966 Saito et al. 72-111 X RICHARD J. HERBST, Primary Examiner.

E. SUTTON, Assistant Examiner.

US436608A 1965-03-02 1965-03-02 Ring rolling tool Expired - Lifetime US3382693A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US436608A US3382693A (en) 1965-03-02 1965-03-02 Ring rolling tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US436608A US3382693A (en) 1965-03-02 1965-03-02 Ring rolling tool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3382693A true US3382693A (en) 1968-05-14

Family

ID=23733107

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US436608A Expired - Lifetime US3382693A (en) 1965-03-02 1965-03-02 Ring rolling tool

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3382693A (en)

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3469427A (en) * 1967-03-10 1969-09-30 Torrington Co Method and apparatus for cold-rolling annular members
US3498095A (en) * 1965-03-29 1970-03-03 Rotary Profile Anstalt Profiling of annular workpieces
US3503237A (en) * 1966-01-03 1970-03-31 Rotary Profile Anstalt Fabrication of articles by rolling
US3576121A (en) * 1968-09-20 1971-04-27 Kinefac Corp Means for roll forming annular parts
US3681962A (en) * 1969-12-01 1972-08-08 Rotary Profile Anstalt Apparatus for rolling rings
US3769671A (en) * 1971-11-22 1973-11-06 Timken Co Manufacture of rings for rolling bearings
US4047414A (en) * 1975-11-06 1977-09-13 Societe Nouvelle De Roulements Bearing race rolling device
US4059879A (en) * 1975-11-17 1977-11-29 Textron Inc. Method for the controlled mechanical working of sintered porous powder metal shapes to effect surface and subsurface densification
US4126029A (en) * 1976-12-02 1978-11-21 General Electric Company Method of forming hollow cylindrical parts with internal contours
FR2407033A1 (en) * 1977-10-31 1979-05-25 Honda Motor Co Ltd WELDLESS WHEEL RIMS MANUFACTURING PROCESS
EP0278298A2 (en) * 1987-02-12 1988-08-17 Eaton Corporation Method for producing near net ring gear forgings
US4798077A (en) * 1987-02-12 1989-01-17 Eaton Corporation Method for producing a family of forged ring rolling preforms and forging die therefor
US20040123464A1 (en) * 2002-11-07 2004-07-01 Nsk Ltd. Method of manufacturing race for rolling bearing, and apparatus therefore
US8777277B2 (en) 2010-12-02 2014-07-15 Victaulic Company Pipe element having shoulder, groove and bead and methods and apparatus for manufacture thereof
US9038428B2 (en) 2011-09-02 2015-05-26 Victaulic Company Spin forming method

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US745555A (en) * 1903-03-02 1903-12-01 Joseph Aranyi Apparatus for making and ornamenting bracelets, rings, &c.
US3160036A (en) * 1958-08-29 1964-12-08 Lockheed Aircraft Corp Roll-forming mill
US3230606A (en) * 1965-06-28 1966-01-25 Saito Tadashi Method and apparatus for rolling rings

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US745555A (en) * 1903-03-02 1903-12-01 Joseph Aranyi Apparatus for making and ornamenting bracelets, rings, &c.
US3160036A (en) * 1958-08-29 1964-12-08 Lockheed Aircraft Corp Roll-forming mill
US3230606A (en) * 1965-06-28 1966-01-25 Saito Tadashi Method and apparatus for rolling rings

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3498095A (en) * 1965-03-29 1970-03-03 Rotary Profile Anstalt Profiling of annular workpieces
US3503237A (en) * 1966-01-03 1970-03-31 Rotary Profile Anstalt Fabrication of articles by rolling
US3469427A (en) * 1967-03-10 1969-09-30 Torrington Co Method and apparatus for cold-rolling annular members
US3576121A (en) * 1968-09-20 1971-04-27 Kinefac Corp Means for roll forming annular parts
US3681962A (en) * 1969-12-01 1972-08-08 Rotary Profile Anstalt Apparatus for rolling rings
US3769671A (en) * 1971-11-22 1973-11-06 Timken Co Manufacture of rings for rolling bearings
US4047414A (en) * 1975-11-06 1977-09-13 Societe Nouvelle De Roulements Bearing race rolling device
US4059879A (en) * 1975-11-17 1977-11-29 Textron Inc. Method for the controlled mechanical working of sintered porous powder metal shapes to effect surface and subsurface densification
US4126029A (en) * 1976-12-02 1978-11-21 General Electric Company Method of forming hollow cylindrical parts with internal contours
FR2407033A1 (en) * 1977-10-31 1979-05-25 Honda Motor Co Ltd WELDLESS WHEEL RIMS MANUFACTURING PROCESS
US4316374A (en) * 1977-10-31 1982-02-23 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Method of manufacturing seamless wheel rims
EP0278298A2 (en) * 1987-02-12 1988-08-17 Eaton Corporation Method for producing near net ring gear forgings
EP0278298A3 (en) * 1987-02-12 1988-12-21 Eaton Corporation Method for producing near net ring gear forgings
US4798077A (en) * 1987-02-12 1989-01-17 Eaton Corporation Method for producing a family of forged ring rolling preforms and forging die therefor
US20040123464A1 (en) * 2002-11-07 2004-07-01 Nsk Ltd. Method of manufacturing race for rolling bearing, and apparatus therefore
US8777277B2 (en) 2010-12-02 2014-07-15 Victaulic Company Pipe element having shoulder, groove and bead and methods and apparatus for manufacture thereof
US9010164B2 (en) 2010-12-02 2015-04-21 Victaulic Company Methods for manufacture of pipe element having shoulder, groove and bead
US9333543B2 (en) 2010-12-02 2016-05-10 Victaulic Company Pipe element having shoulder, groove and bead
US10161547B2 (en) 2010-12-02 2018-12-25 Victaulic Company Device and method for forming pipe elements
US9038428B2 (en) 2011-09-02 2015-05-26 Victaulic Company Spin forming method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Allwood et al. The development of ring rolling technology
CN100463739C (en) Inner step profile section ring parts rolling forming method
EP0013832B1 (en) Method and apparatus for making rings from tube stock
CN100488662C (en) Process for manufacturing precisely forged parts
KR100572346B1 (en) Method for producing steel rolling bearing rings
US1971433A (en) Method for coating cylindrical members with a hard material
JP5309690B2 (en) Manufacturing method of inner and outer rings of rolling bearing
CN101913058B (en) Blank-making rolling method for synchronous sliding sleeve of automotive transmission
US3230606A (en) Method and apparatus for rolling rings
US2557722A (en) Method of forging hollow articles
CN102615224A (en) Radial-axial rolling forming method for inner step section ring pieces
CN103341741B (en) The combination process that the driving and driven spiral bevel gear wheel blank of main speed reducer of rear axle is shaped
US4269551A (en) Method of machining crankshafts
GB1320647A (en) Tool for rolling longitudinal corrugations in cylindrical workpieces
CN105583588A (en) Machining method for inner ring and outer ring of conical roller bearing
US3298218A (en) Method and apparatus for forming wheel rims and the like
GB1298065A (en) Rolling mill work roll assemblies
DE2504969A1 (en) Annular workpiece rolling mill - forms blank in revolving guide by radially acting mandrel roll and axial rolls
US5894753A (en) Method of producing splines on a shaft
US4434645A (en) Apparatus for the radial shaping of tubular articles
US3852863A (en) Method of making multi-groove pulleys
CN109048241B (en) Method for forging input shaft of automobile gearbox and rough machining and forming blank of input shaft
US3461710A (en) Methods and apparatus for shrink forming metal articles
US3874209A (en) Apparatus for simultaneously tapering and flanging the bodies of cylindrical metal cans
US3962896A (en) Method of producing V-belt pulleys and spinning lathe for carrying out such method