US3356209A - Modular packaging - Google Patents

Modular packaging Download PDF

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Publication number
US3356209A
US3356209A US391513A US39151364A US3356209A US 3356209 A US3356209 A US 3356209A US 391513 A US391513 A US 391513A US 39151364 A US39151364 A US 39151364A US 3356209 A US3356209 A US 3356209A
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United States
Prior art keywords
packaging
panel
modules
supporting
foam
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Expired - Lifetime
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US391513A
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Jr Joseph M Pezely
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Corning Inc
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Corning Inc
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D81/00Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents
    • B65D81/02Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage
    • B65D81/05Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage maintaining contents at spaced relation from package walls, or from other contents
    • B65D81/107Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage maintaining contents at spaced relation from package walls, or from other contents using blocks of shock-absorbing material

Description

Dec. 5, 1967 J. M. PEZELY, JR 3,356,209

MODULAR PACKAG I NG Filed Aug. 24, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR.

JOSEPH M PEZELY J R.

%;@,W%/ @gmw Dec. 5, 1967 J, M. PEZELY, JR 3,356,209

MODULAR PACKAGING Filed Aug. 24; 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. JOSEPH Mv PEZELY,JR.

BY 4%,Mm, z;

A TTOR NE us United States Patent York Filed Aug. 24, 1964, Ser. No. 391,513 2 Claims. (Cl. 206-46) The present invention-relates to improvements in the packaging art, and more specifically to a novel construction for packaging fragile or breakable articles which are subject to damage during shipment.

While many different types of packaging materials and constructions have been proposed and used for protecting fragile articles during shipment, none have proved to be entirely satisfactory. Shredded paper and foam spaghetti are two types of materials commonly used to protect fragile goods; but these materials often migrate to various parts of the package, and hence, are undependable.

Corrugated materials are also widely used for protecting breakable items; but these materials have relatively poor shock absorbing characteristics, and consequently, are not always satisfactory.

The problems associated with shredded paper, foam spaghetti, and corrugated materials are overcome by employing custom-molded foam cushioning pads for supporting fragile goods in packages. However, several additional problems are raised by such packaging devices. One disadvantage of such packaging is that it is expensive due to high tool and mold costs, especially where the item to be shipped is made in small quantity. Another disadvantage is that the custom-molded pads must be specially ordered and specially made, requiring long lead times, that is, a long waiting time between the time of the order until the pads are delivered.

In view of the foregoing, it is an object of the present invention to provide a packaging construction which is inexpensive and simple to assemble and use, yet reliable and effective for protecting fragile articles from shocks encountered during shipping and handling.

It is another object of this invention to provide a packaging construction which has the desirable packaging features associated with custom-molded cushioning pads, but which, unlike the custom-molded pads, is relatively inexpensive and does not require long lead times from order to delivery.

Other objects of the invention will be pointed out in the following description and claims and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, which disclose, by way of example, the principle of the invention and the best mode which has been contemplated of applying that principle.

In the drawings:

FIGURES 1-3 are perspective views of three types of supporting panels which may be used in the present invention;

FIGURES 48 are perspective views of five different types of modules which may be used in the present invention;

FIGURES 9l2 show, in perspective, four examples of modular packaging constructions constructed in accordance with the present invention; and

FIGURE 13 shows, in perspective with parts broken away, an example of a modular packaging construction of this invention disposed in a shipping carton.

Referring now to the drawings, wherein like reference characters designate like or corresponding parts, there is shown in FIGURES l and 2 examples of a supporting panel 10 provided with holes 12 which may be die-cut therein. The panel is preferably fabricated of a shock absorbing material, such as corrugated panels. The panels 3,356,209 Patented Dec. 5, 1967 may be fabricated of any type of corrugated composition or flute size. Other relatively rigid and inexpensive panel materials may also be used, such as foam blocks, foam sheet, paper, chipboard, etc.

The modified embodiment of the supporting panel of FIGURE 3 shows a panel 14 scored and folded along two lines 16 and 18 to provide a single supporting panel having three walls.

In FIGURES 48, five shapes of the plug-in pads or blocks to be used in conjunction with the supporting panels to form a protective package are shown. The plugin blocks may be fabricated of a shock absorbing packing material which is non-abrasive, rigid enough to hold the item being shipped, has predictable performance characteristics, has good cushioning properties, is capable of withstanding repeated shocks and is relatively inexpensive. Expanded polystyrene has been found to be a satisfactory material satisfying these requirements.

Each of the plug-in blocks or cushioning pads 20, 22, 24, 26 and 28 are provided with a projection 30 which may be inserted or plugged into one of the holes 12 cut in the supporting panels. These pads may be considered to be modules. The foam pad modules of FIGURES 48 illustrate five of many different shapes in which these cushioning pads may be molded; module 20 being a corner pad, module 22 an angle pad, module 24 a low pad, module 26 a high pad, and module 28 an end pad. Any or all of these modules may be kept in stock, depending upon the frequency with which they are used. Custommolded pads or modules, such as pad 32 shown in FIG- URE 11, may also be employed in combination with standard pads when and where desirable. The shape, thickness, foam density, surface texture (for gripping the item to be shipped), color, etc., of the modules may, of course, vary depending upon the intended use. The use of the modules permits the packaged item to be cushioned only where needed, that is, at its corners or key edges.

When it is desired to package an item, two corrugated supporting panels (top and bottom, or left and right sides) of appropriate size and having slots or holes so spaced as to accommodate foam modules in desired positions, are selected. Next, modules of appropriate shape are selected, ordered from off the shelf, and mounted on the supporting pnaels by inserting the knob 30 of each module into the proper hole or slot 12 of a supporting panel. FIGURES 9l2 show examples of various combinations of the modules shown in FIGURES 48 assembled with various supporting panels.

The assembled supporting panels and modules are then placed around an article 40 to be packaged, and (as shown in FIGURE 13) the article is inserted in a preselected shipping carton, which may be made of corrugated material. The shipping carton should be large enough to accommodate the item to be packaged as well as the modules. For example, if the modules are oneinch thick, the shipping carton should be greater in size than the item to be packaged by one inch in all directions.

The fragile or breakable article so surrounded by the panel supported foam modules, and so placed in the shipping carton, is now ready for shipment. Since each foam module has a predictable performance for absorbing shock, there is a virtual guarantee against breakage.

The packaging construction of the present invention may be employed in packaging furniture, electronic instruments, industrial components and equipment, and any other items which demand maximum cushioning protection at minimum cost.

While there have been shown and described and pointed out the fundamental novel features of the invention as applied to the preferred embodiment, it will be understood that various omissions and substitutions and changes in the form and details of the device illustrated and in its operation may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention. It is the intention, therefore to be limited only as indicated by the scope of the following claims.

What is claimed is:

1. An improved packaging construction for cushionably packaging frangible articles comprising, a supporting panel, said panel having a plurality of predetermined spaced-apart hole portions formed therein, a plurality of foam plastic shock absorbing blocks removably positioned in rigid spaced-apart relation on said supporting panel, each said shock absorbing block having an integral projection positioned within one of said hole portions, and each said projection being substantially the same size and shape as its associated hole portion to complement such hole portion and orient said block in a desired relative positionment on said supporting panel.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,064,801 11/1962. Linnell 20646 3,173,535 3/1965 Wood 20646 3,192,680 7/1965 Mantell 20646 JOSEPH R. LECLAIR, Primary Examiner.

LOUIS G. MANCENE, Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. AN IMPROVED PACKAGING CONSTRUCTION FOR CUSHIONABLY PACKAGING FRANGIBLE ARTICLES COMPRISING, A SUPPORTING PANEL, SAID PANEL HAVING A PLURALITY OF PREDETERMINED SPACED-APART HOLE PORTIONS FORMED THEREIN, A PLURALITY OF FOAM PLASTIC SHOCK ABSORBING BLOCKS REMOVABLY POSITIONED IN RIGID SPACED-APART RELATION ON SAID SUPPORTING PANEL, EACH SAID SHOCK ABSORBING BLOCK HAVING AN INTERGRAL PROJECTION POSITIONED WITHIN ONE OF SAID HOLE PORTIONS, AND EACH SAID PROJECTION BEING SUBSTANTIALLY THE SAME SIZE AND SHAPE AS ITS ASSOCIATED HOLE PORTION TO COMPLEMENT
US391513A 1964-08-24 1964-08-24 Modular packaging Expired - Lifetime US3356209A (en)

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Cited By (46)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3404827A (en) * 1967-05-18 1968-10-08 Republic Packaging Corp Corner cushions
US3471116A (en) * 1967-04-07 1969-10-07 Zenith Radio Corp Pallets
US3482759A (en) * 1968-03-25 1969-12-09 Newcomb Electronics Corp Corner packing device
US3655113A (en) * 1970-06-18 1972-04-11 Carroll Packaging Inc Corner protector
US3939978A (en) * 1974-07-23 1976-02-24 Ppg Industries, Inc. Flat glass shipping container
US4117929A (en) * 1975-11-24 1978-10-03 Packaging Corporation Of America Shipping unit and method of loading same
US4122946A (en) * 1977-05-18 1978-10-31 Lane Container Company Interfitting shipping pad
US4213532A (en) * 1975-08-28 1980-07-22 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Electrical housing with stacking bumpers
US4243197A (en) * 1979-06-25 1981-01-06 Wright Marvin D Pad for protecting floors against water damage
US4287265A (en) * 1976-12-02 1981-09-01 Mcknight Joseph H Floating corner for insertion into a packing container
US4407898A (en) * 1981-02-28 1983-10-04 Fukuoka Paper Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Corner pad
US4610355A (en) * 1985-05-09 1986-09-09 Amana Refrigeration, Inc. Shipping base having an entry slot for mechanical material handling equipment
EP0240239A2 (en) * 1986-03-29 1987-10-07 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Cushioning and protecting members
US4714163A (en) * 1987-02-05 1987-12-22 Pakway Container Corp. Stackable shipping edge protector
US4717025A (en) * 1986-12-31 1988-01-05 Raytheon Company Shipping package adapted for mechanical handling and stacking
US4733806A (en) * 1980-03-26 1988-03-29 Sloop Conrad B Case
US4836379A (en) * 1987-07-08 1989-06-06 Shaw William H Modular shock-absorbing shipping pack
US4865200A (en) * 1989-01-13 1989-09-12 Sullivan Gordon R Shipping container for fragile items
US4954385A (en) * 1987-10-19 1990-09-04 Haarkosmetik and Parfumerien Carton pad
EP0569607A1 (en) * 1991-05-15 1993-11-18 AEG Olympia Office GmbH Packaging box with cushioning and protecting members
US5339958A (en) * 1994-01-13 1994-08-23 Anchor Bay Packaging Corporation Two-piece dunnage device for dunnage separation
US5586681A (en) * 1993-03-11 1996-12-24 Policappelli; Nini E. Container for dispensing liquids
US5692618A (en) * 1995-07-07 1997-12-02 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Electronic products packing box
US5762230A (en) * 1993-03-11 1998-06-09 Policappelli; Nini Laminated container
US5794414A (en) * 1989-10-26 1998-08-18 Re-Source America I.P., Inc. Recycle shipping assembly
USRE37253E1 (en) * 1995-08-18 2001-07-03 Plastofilm Industries, Inc. Packaging for fragile articles within container
US6354458B1 (en) 1993-03-11 2002-03-12 Nini Policappelli Top for container
US20030102244A1 (en) * 1997-04-18 2003-06-05 Sanders C. W. Shipping and storage container for laptop computers
US6644476B2 (en) * 2002-02-25 2003-11-11 Inventec Corporation Cushion package structure
US20060045562A1 (en) * 2004-08-27 2006-03-02 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Shock absorbing apparatus for packaging toner cartridge
US20060237610A1 (en) * 2005-03-04 2006-10-26 Hinkle Taber H Article support device
US20070131147A1 (en) * 2005-12-09 2007-06-14 Tom Brubaker Package handling system
US20070241027A1 (en) * 2006-04-12 2007-10-18 Taiwan Fu Hsing Industrial Co., Ltd. Lock-packing box structure
US20080150274A1 (en) * 2006-11-13 2008-06-26 High David R Hardbound book corner protector
US20110056867A1 (en) * 2009-09-04 2011-03-10 Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd. Package material
US20110056868A1 (en) * 2009-09-04 2011-03-10 Au Optronics Corporation Packing Structure
US20120055825A1 (en) * 2010-09-06 2012-03-08 Au Optronics Corp. Cushion and Package
EP2431285A1 (en) * 2010-09-18 2012-03-21 Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V. A package system for an apparatus with a glass panel
US20120211398A1 (en) * 2011-02-18 2012-08-23 Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd. Lower Cushioning Structure and Package Cushioning Structure for Display Panel
US20120241351A1 (en) * 2009-12-09 2012-09-27 NEC Coprpration Cushioning member and packaging device
US20130313151A1 (en) * 2011-02-04 2013-11-28 Hitachi Systems, Ltd. Reusable container
US20130334082A1 (en) * 2012-06-15 2013-12-19 Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co. Ltd. Support Frame for Packaging Liquid Crystal Glass Panel
US20140138272A1 (en) * 2012-11-16 2014-05-22 Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co. Ltd. Package box of liquid crystal glass
US20150101947A1 (en) * 2013-10-15 2015-04-16 Dar-Tson SHEN Container for housing optical instruments
US20160114955A1 (en) * 2014-10-24 2016-04-28 Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd. Liquid crystal panel packing box and liquid crystal panel packing method
US20160280443A1 (en) * 2013-09-13 2016-09-29 Miraial Co., Ltd. Packaging structure for packing substrate storage container

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3064801A (en) * 1960-10-07 1962-11-20 Gen Mills Inc Shipping cushion
US3173535A (en) * 1962-11-13 1965-03-16 Republic Packaging Corp Cushioned package
US3192680A (en) * 1960-11-25 1965-07-06 Royal Mcbee Corp Packaging method

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3064801A (en) * 1960-10-07 1962-11-20 Gen Mills Inc Shipping cushion
US3192680A (en) * 1960-11-25 1965-07-06 Royal Mcbee Corp Packaging method
US3173535A (en) * 1962-11-13 1965-03-16 Republic Packaging Corp Cushioned package

Cited By (63)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3471116A (en) * 1967-04-07 1969-10-07 Zenith Radio Corp Pallets
US3404827A (en) * 1967-05-18 1968-10-08 Republic Packaging Corp Corner cushions
US3482759A (en) * 1968-03-25 1969-12-09 Newcomb Electronics Corp Corner packing device
US3655113A (en) * 1970-06-18 1972-04-11 Carroll Packaging Inc Corner protector
US3939978A (en) * 1974-07-23 1976-02-24 Ppg Industries, Inc. Flat glass shipping container
US4213532A (en) * 1975-08-28 1980-07-22 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Electrical housing with stacking bumpers
US4117929A (en) * 1975-11-24 1978-10-03 Packaging Corporation Of America Shipping unit and method of loading same
US4287265A (en) * 1976-12-02 1981-09-01 Mcknight Joseph H Floating corner for insertion into a packing container
US4122946A (en) * 1977-05-18 1978-10-31 Lane Container Company Interfitting shipping pad
US4243197A (en) * 1979-06-25 1981-01-06 Wright Marvin D Pad for protecting floors against water damage
US4733806A (en) * 1980-03-26 1988-03-29 Sloop Conrad B Case
US4407898A (en) * 1981-02-28 1983-10-04 Fukuoka Paper Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Corner pad
US4610355A (en) * 1985-05-09 1986-09-09 Amana Refrigeration, Inc. Shipping base having an entry slot for mechanical material handling equipment
EP0240239A2 (en) * 1986-03-29 1987-10-07 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Cushioning and protecting members
US4880214A (en) * 1986-03-29 1989-11-14 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Cushioning and protecting members
EP0240239A3 (en) * 1986-03-29 1989-03-01 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Cushioning and protecting members
US4717025A (en) * 1986-12-31 1988-01-05 Raytheon Company Shipping package adapted for mechanical handling and stacking
US4714163A (en) * 1987-02-05 1987-12-22 Pakway Container Corp. Stackable shipping edge protector
US4836379A (en) * 1987-07-08 1989-06-06 Shaw William H Modular shock-absorbing shipping pack
US4954385A (en) * 1987-10-19 1990-09-04 Haarkosmetik and Parfumerien Carton pad
US4865200A (en) * 1989-01-13 1989-09-12 Sullivan Gordon R Shipping container for fragile items
US6131376A (en) * 1989-10-26 2000-10-17 Re-Source America Ip Recycle shipping assembly
US5794414A (en) * 1989-10-26 1998-08-18 Re-Source America I.P., Inc. Recycle shipping assembly
EP0569607A1 (en) * 1991-05-15 1993-11-18 AEG Olympia Office GmbH Packaging box with cushioning and protecting members
US6354458B1 (en) 1993-03-11 2002-03-12 Nini Policappelli Top for container
US5762230A (en) * 1993-03-11 1998-06-09 Policappelli; Nini Laminated container
US5586681A (en) * 1993-03-11 1996-12-24 Policappelli; Nini E. Container for dispensing liquids
US6311861B1 (en) 1993-03-11 2001-11-06 Nini Policappelli Laminated container
US5339958A (en) * 1994-01-13 1994-08-23 Anchor Bay Packaging Corporation Two-piece dunnage device for dunnage separation
US5692618A (en) * 1995-07-07 1997-12-02 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Electronic products packing box
USRE37253E1 (en) * 1995-08-18 2001-07-03 Plastofilm Industries, Inc. Packaging for fragile articles within container
US6981589B2 (en) * 1997-04-18 2006-01-03 Alpha Packaging Solutions, Inc. Shipping and storage container for laptop computers
US20030102244A1 (en) * 1997-04-18 2003-06-05 Sanders C. W. Shipping and storage container for laptop computers
US6644476B2 (en) * 2002-02-25 2003-11-11 Inventec Corporation Cushion package structure
US20060045562A1 (en) * 2004-08-27 2006-03-02 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Shock absorbing apparatus for packaging toner cartridge
US20060237610A1 (en) * 2005-03-04 2006-10-26 Hinkle Taber H Article support device
US20070131147A1 (en) * 2005-12-09 2007-06-14 Tom Brubaker Package handling system
US20070241027A1 (en) * 2006-04-12 2007-10-18 Taiwan Fu Hsing Industrial Co., Ltd. Lock-packing box structure
US20080150274A1 (en) * 2006-11-13 2008-06-26 High David R Hardbound book corner protector
US8251220B2 (en) * 2009-09-04 2012-08-28 Au Optronics Corporation Packing structure
US20110056867A1 (en) * 2009-09-04 2011-03-10 Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd. Package material
US7946426B2 (en) * 2009-09-04 2011-05-24 Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd. Package material
US20110056868A1 (en) * 2009-09-04 2011-03-10 Au Optronics Corporation Packing Structure
US20120241351A1 (en) * 2009-12-09 2012-09-27 NEC Coprpration Cushioning member and packaging device
US20120055825A1 (en) * 2010-09-06 2012-03-08 Au Optronics Corp. Cushion and Package
US8485362B2 (en) * 2010-09-06 2013-07-16 Au Optronics Corporation Cushion and package
EP2431285A1 (en) * 2010-09-18 2012-03-21 Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V. A package system for an apparatus with a glass panel
US10035633B2 (en) * 2011-02-04 2018-07-31 Hitachi Systems, Ltd. Reusable container
US20130313151A1 (en) * 2011-02-04 2013-11-28 Hitachi Systems, Ltd. Reusable container
US8720691B2 (en) * 2011-02-18 2014-05-13 Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd. Lower cushioning structure and package cushioning structure for display panel
US20120211398A1 (en) * 2011-02-18 2012-08-23 Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd. Lower Cushioning Structure and Package Cushioning Structure for Display Panel
US20130334082A1 (en) * 2012-06-15 2013-12-19 Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co. Ltd. Support Frame for Packaging Liquid Crystal Glass Panel
US9352900B2 (en) * 2012-06-15 2016-05-31 Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd. Support frame for packaging liquid crystal glass panel
US9139357B2 (en) * 2012-06-15 2015-09-22 Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd. Support frame for packaging liquid crystal glass panel
US20150266661A1 (en) * 2012-06-15 2015-09-24 Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd. Support frame for packaging liquid crystal glass panel
US20140138272A1 (en) * 2012-11-16 2014-05-22 Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co. Ltd. Package box of liquid crystal glass
US8789698B2 (en) * 2012-11-16 2014-07-29 Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd Package box of liquid crystal glass
US20160280443A1 (en) * 2013-09-13 2016-09-29 Miraial Co., Ltd. Packaging structure for packing substrate storage container
US9850055B2 (en) * 2013-09-13 2017-12-26 Miraial Co., Ltd. Packaging structure for packing substrate storing container
US9169059B2 (en) * 2013-10-15 2015-10-27 Suzhou Synta Optical Technology Co., Ltd. Container for housing optical instruments
US20150101947A1 (en) * 2013-10-15 2015-04-16 Dar-Tson SHEN Container for housing optical instruments
US20160114955A1 (en) * 2014-10-24 2016-04-28 Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd. Liquid crystal panel packing box and liquid crystal panel packing method
US10065783B2 (en) * 2014-10-24 2018-09-04 Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd Liquid crystal panel packing box and liquid crystal panel packing method

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