US3351054A - Tool and method for inserting pins - Google Patents

Tool and method for inserting pins Download PDF

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Publication number
US3351054A
US3351054A US43421265A US3351054A US 3351054 A US3351054 A US 3351054A US 43421265 A US43421265 A US 43421265A US 3351054 A US3351054 A US 3351054A
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Prior art keywords
handle
pin
member
neck portion
conical member
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Expired - Lifetime
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Florian F Florek
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Florian F Florek
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/16Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans
    • A61B17/1662Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans for particular parts of the body
    • A61B17/1686Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans for particular parts of the body for the hand or wrist
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/16Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans
    • A61B17/1697Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans specially adapted for wire insertion

Description

NOV. 7, 1967 F FLOREK 3,351,054

TOOL AND METHOD FOR INSERTING PINS Filed Feb. 23, 1965 III...- .1

|4 '6 INVENTOR.

FLORIAN F. FLOREK United States Patent 3,351,054 TOOL AND METHOD FOR INSERTING PINS Florian F. Florek, 27 Market St., Edinboro, Pa. 16412 Filed Feb. 23, 1965, Ser. No. 434,212 2 Claims. (Cl. 128-83) This invention relates to surgical instruments and, more particularly, to an instrument for inserting a pin into the bones of a body to hold these bones in rigid relation.

In inserting pins according to present surgical procedures, the pins are held in a rotating device which is held in the hands of an assistant. The physician manipulates the pin adjacent the finger or other part.

It has been discovered that by providing a handle whereby the physician can manipulate the pin and also force it into the member, the entire operation can be simplified.

It is, accordingly, an object of the present invention to provide an improved instrument for inserting pins into a body.

Another object of the invention is to provide an improved surgical instrument.

With the above and other objects in view, the present invention consists of the combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawing and more particularly pointed out in the appended claims, it being understood that changes may be made in the form, size, proportions, and minor details of construction without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.

In the drawing:

FIG. 1 is a longitudinal cross sectional view of the instrument according to the invention; and

FIG. 2 is a partially cut away isometric view of the device according to the invention.

Now with more particular reference to the drawing, the device shown is indicated generally at 10. The device has a handle 11 which is formed of a suitable contour to be received in the hand of a person and large enough to permit a comfortable twisting action. The entire device including the reduced size threaded portion 16, split end 12, and handle 11 are made of a single piece of material; for example, metal, so that the device can be easily and readily sterilized. The split end 12 and sleeve 14 make up a chuck. The inside of split end 12 will be knurled so pin 17 can be adequately gripped or the chuck could be geared as in the well known drill chucks.

The split tapered end 12 receives the internally threaded sleeve 14 on the externally threaded portion 16 of the handle 11 and the tapered end 15 of the sleeve 14 squeezes the parts defining the slots 21 of the split tapered end 12 together around the slots 21 so that the pin 17 is thoroughly gripped. Pin 17 may be up to inch in diameter, for example.

An axial hole 13 extends entirely through the instrument thereby allowing the pin 17 to extend from either end. Thus, in practice, the physician can grasp the handle 11 in one hand and hold the finger 18 of the patient in the other. The pin 17 can be clamped firmly in the handle so that only a small part thereof extends from the end of the instrument. The physician can then manipulate the handle so that it forces the pin into the joint 19 of the finger 18 as indicated by the dotted line at 20. Through the use of this instrument, the physician can simplify the operation of inserting the pins, will not need an assistant, and can carry out the Operation described above more efi'iciently. 1

Since only a small part of the pin need be between the end 12 and the finger at any time, the physician will have better control of the operation. After the pin is inserted to the desired depth, it can be cut off.

The foregoing specification sets forth the invention in its preferred practical forms but the structure shown is capable of modification within a range of equivalents without departing from the invention which is to be understood is broadly novel as is commensurate with the appended claims.

The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:

1. An instrument comprising an elongated generally cylindrical handle extending completely in a longitudinal direction adapted to be received completely and in its entirety in a hand and held in said hand, a threaded member on said handle, a reduced size neck portion fixed to said threaded member, a conical member longitudinally split on said neck portion, said handle, threaded member, neck portion, and conical member all being integrally connected together, a sleeve having an internal surface engaging said conical member, a hole through said conical member, said neck portion, said threaded member, and said handle, a surgical pin in said hole, said sleeve being adapted to be tightened to clamp said conical member to said surgical pin in said handle, said handle and said pin and all parts thereof being disposed coaxially of each other.

2. A method of inserting a pin into a member of the body of a person comprising attaching said pin to a handle adapted to be held in a hand adjacent said member with only a short length of said pin between said handle and said member, forcing said pin into said member until said handle is near said member,

attaching said handle to said pin further from said member and forcing said pin further into said memher,

and cutting off said pin to the proper length.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 964,922 7/1910 Lewthwaite 81-414 965,970 8/1910 Wells 8l-114 2,144,342 1/1939 Morrison 128-83 2,393,982 2/1946 Giesen 128--84 2,719,445 10/ 1955 Giebler 811 14 3,208,450 9/1965 Abelson 128-83 RICHARD A. GAUDET, Primary Examiner. I. W. HINEY, Assistant Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. AN INSTRUMENT COMPRISING AN ELONGATED GENERALLY CYLINDRICAL HANDLE EXTENDING COMPLETELY IN A LONGITUDINAL DIRECTION ADAPTED TO BE RECEIVED COMPLETELY AND IN ITS ENTIRETY IN A HAND AND HELD IN SAID HAND, A THREADED MEMBER ON SAID HANDLE, A REDUCED SIZE NECK PORTION FIXED TO SAID THREADED MEMBER, A CONICAL MEMBER LONGITUDINALLY SPLIT ON SAID NECK PORTION, SAID HANDLE, THREADED MEMBER, NECK PORTION, AND CONICAL MEMBER ALL BEING INTEGRALLY CONNECTED TOGETHER, A SLEEVE HAVING AN INTERNAL SURFACE ENGAGING SAID CONICAL MEMBER, A HOLE THROUGH SAID CONICAL MEMBER, SAID NECK PORTION, SAID THREADED MEMBER, AND SAID HANDLE, A SURGICAL PIN IN SAID HOLE, SAID SLEEVE BEING ADAPTED TO BE TIGHTENED TO CLAMP SAID CONICAL MEMBER TO SAID SURGICAL PIN IN SAID HANDLE, SAID HANDLE AND SAID PIN AND ALL PARTS THEREOF BEING DISPOSED COAXIALLY OF EACH OTHER.
US3351054A 1965-02-23 1965-02-23 Tool and method for inserting pins Expired - Lifetime US3351054A (en)

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3602218A (en) * 1969-04-16 1971-08-31 Zimmer Mfg Co Sterile disposable finger pin
US4140111A (en) * 1977-09-06 1979-02-20 Morrill William E Hand tool for inserting bone fracture pins
US5257996A (en) * 1991-12-13 1993-11-02 Mcguire David A Surgical pin passer
US5391170A (en) * 1991-12-13 1995-02-21 David A. McGuire Angled surgical screw driver and methods of arthroscopic ligament reconstruction
US5391171A (en) * 1992-02-19 1995-02-21 Arthrex, Inc. Pin-locked cannulated screwdriver
USRE34871E (en) * 1989-05-15 1995-03-07 Mcguire; David A. Process of endosteal fixation of a ligament
US5407420A (en) * 1992-11-12 1995-04-18 Smith & Nephew Donjoy, Inc. Fully adjustable shoulder brace
US5464407A (en) * 1991-02-19 1995-11-07 Mcguire; David A. Flexible surgical screwdriver and methods of arthroscopic ligament reconstruction
US5476467A (en) * 1994-06-14 1995-12-19 Benoist; Louis A. Surgical hammer for driving K-wires
US5499982A (en) * 1993-09-28 1996-03-19 Adamson; Paul H. Surgical pin protector
US5697934A (en) * 1996-12-02 1997-12-16 Huebner; Randall J. Tension band wiring pin and method
US5800440A (en) * 1997-03-18 1998-09-01 Johnson & Johnson Professional, Inc. Device for inserting a surgical pin
FR2844992A1 (en) * 2002-09-30 2004-04-02 Fixano Osteosynthesis pin for small bones has distal curved end with side flats connected to main shank by rounded areas
US20060229622A1 (en) * 1993-01-21 2006-10-12 Huebner Randall J System for fusing joints
WO2008068564A2 (en) * 2006-12-06 2008-06-12 Zrinski Ag Surgical instrument for implanting a wire, preferably in a bone
US20090192512A1 (en) * 2008-01-28 2009-07-30 Sommers Mark B Bone nail
US20130065698A1 (en) * 2008-04-22 2013-03-14 Biedermann Technologies Gmbh & Co. Kg Instrument for assembling a bone anchoring device
US9119685B2 (en) 2012-10-08 2015-09-01 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Surgical instrument and method
US9161793B2 (en) 1993-01-21 2015-10-20 Acumed Llc Axial tension screw
US9572605B2 (en) 2012-10-09 2017-02-21 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Surgical instrument and method
US20170143395A1 (en) * 2014-06-13 2017-05-25 Kyungpook National University Industry-Academic Cooperation Foundation Fixing pin for orthopedic surgery enabling internal fixation

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US964922A (en) * 1909-08-11 1910-07-19 Thomas H Lewthwaite Holder for punches and the like.
US965970A (en) * 1906-03-24 1910-08-02 Wells Brothers Company Tap-wrench.
US2144342A (en) * 1937-08-18 1939-01-17 Gordon M Morrison Bone drill device
US2393982A (en) * 1945-01-06 1946-02-05 Josef H Glesen Fracture reducer
US2719445A (en) * 1954-08-19 1955-10-04 Walter H Giebler Stud puller
US3208450A (en) * 1962-03-14 1965-09-28 Abelson Louis Fracture setting tool

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US965970A (en) * 1906-03-24 1910-08-02 Wells Brothers Company Tap-wrench.
US964922A (en) * 1909-08-11 1910-07-19 Thomas H Lewthwaite Holder for punches and the like.
US2144342A (en) * 1937-08-18 1939-01-17 Gordon M Morrison Bone drill device
US2393982A (en) * 1945-01-06 1946-02-05 Josef H Glesen Fracture reducer
US2719445A (en) * 1954-08-19 1955-10-04 Walter H Giebler Stud puller
US3208450A (en) * 1962-03-14 1965-09-28 Abelson Louis Fracture setting tool

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3602218A (en) * 1969-04-16 1971-08-31 Zimmer Mfg Co Sterile disposable finger pin
US4140111A (en) * 1977-09-06 1979-02-20 Morrill William E Hand tool for inserting bone fracture pins
USRE34871E (en) * 1989-05-15 1995-03-07 Mcguire; David A. Process of endosteal fixation of a ligament
US5464407A (en) * 1991-02-19 1995-11-07 Mcguire; David A. Flexible surgical screwdriver and methods of arthroscopic ligament reconstruction
US5391170A (en) * 1991-12-13 1995-02-21 David A. McGuire Angled surgical screw driver and methods of arthroscopic ligament reconstruction
US5257996A (en) * 1991-12-13 1993-11-02 Mcguire David A Surgical pin passer
US5391171A (en) * 1992-02-19 1995-02-21 Arthrex, Inc. Pin-locked cannulated screwdriver
US5458604A (en) * 1992-02-19 1995-10-17 Arthrex, Inc. Pin-locked cannulated screwdriver
US5407420A (en) * 1992-11-12 1995-04-18 Smith & Nephew Donjoy, Inc. Fully adjustable shoulder brace
US9161793B2 (en) 1993-01-21 2015-10-20 Acumed Llc Axial tension screw
US8070786B2 (en) 1993-01-21 2011-12-06 Acumed Llc System for fusing joints
US20060229622A1 (en) * 1993-01-21 2006-10-12 Huebner Randall J System for fusing joints
US5752952A (en) * 1993-09-28 1998-05-19 Adamson; Paul H. Surgical pin protector
US5499982A (en) * 1993-09-28 1996-03-19 Adamson; Paul H. Surgical pin protector
US5476467A (en) * 1994-06-14 1995-12-19 Benoist; Louis A. Surgical hammer for driving K-wires
US5697934A (en) * 1996-12-02 1997-12-16 Huebner; Randall J. Tension band wiring pin and method
US5800440A (en) * 1997-03-18 1998-09-01 Johnson & Johnson Professional, Inc. Device for inserting a surgical pin
FR2844992A1 (en) * 2002-09-30 2004-04-02 Fixano Osteosynthesis pin for small bones has distal curved end with side flats connected to main shank by rounded areas
EP1946710A1 (en) * 2006-12-06 2008-07-23 Zrinski AG Surgical instrument for implanting a wire, in particular in a bone
WO2008068564A2 (en) * 2006-12-06 2008-06-12 Zrinski Ag Surgical instrument for implanting a wire, preferably in a bone
WO2008068564A3 (en) * 2006-12-06 2008-08-07 Stephan Eckhof Surgical instrument for implanting a wire, preferably in a bone
US20090192512A1 (en) * 2008-01-28 2009-07-30 Sommers Mark B Bone nail
US8092505B2 (en) * 2008-01-28 2012-01-10 Acumed Llc Bone nail
US20130065698A1 (en) * 2008-04-22 2013-03-14 Biedermann Technologies Gmbh & Co. Kg Instrument for assembling a bone anchoring device
US9119685B2 (en) 2012-10-08 2015-09-01 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Surgical instrument and method
US9572605B2 (en) 2012-10-09 2017-02-21 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Surgical instrument and method
US20170143395A1 (en) * 2014-06-13 2017-05-25 Kyungpook National University Industry-Academic Cooperation Foundation Fixing pin for orthopedic surgery enabling internal fixation

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