US3345067A - Exerciser with elastic elements connecting supporting base and pivoted pole - Google Patents

Exerciser with elastic elements connecting supporting base and pivoted pole Download PDF

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US3345067A
US3345067A US36233064A US3345067A US 3345067 A US3345067 A US 3345067A US 36233064 A US36233064 A US 36233064A US 3345067 A US3345067 A US 3345067A
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base
poles
person
exerciser
respectively
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Earl W Smith
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Earl W Smith
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/02Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using resilient force-resisters
    • A63B21/04Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using resilient force-resisters attached to static foundation, e.g. a user
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/40Interfaces with the user related to strength training; Details thereof
    • A63B21/4027Specific exercise interfaces
    • A63B21/4033Handles, pedals, bars or platforms
    • A63B21/4035Handles, pedals, bars or platforms for operation by hand
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/40Interfaces with the user related to strength training; Details thereof
    • A63B21/4041Interfaces with the user related to strength training; Details thereof characterised by the movements of the interface
    • A63B21/4047Pivoting movement
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/03516For both arms together or both legs together; Aspects related to the co-ordination between right and left side limbs of a user
    • A63B23/03533With separate means driven by each limb, i.e. performing different movements
    • A63B23/03541Moving independently from each other
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/12Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for upper limbs or related muscles, e.g. chest, upper back or shoulder muscles
    • A63B23/1209Involving a bending of elbow and shoulder joints simultaneously
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/12Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for upper limbs or related muscles, e.g. chest, upper back or shoulder muscles
    • A63B23/1245Primarily by articulating the shoulder joint
    • A63B23/1263Rotation about an axis passing through both shoulders, e.g. cross-country skiing-type arm movements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/12Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for upper limbs or related muscles, e.g. chest, upper back or shoulder muscles

Description

Oct. 3, 1967 E. w. SMITH 3,345,067 EXERCISER WITH ELASTIC ELEMENTS CONNECTING SUPPORTING BASE] AND PIVOTED POLE Filed April 24, 1964 INVENTOR 4124 M sS/V/Tl/ United States Patent 3 345,067 EXERCISER WITH ElLASTIC ELEMENTS CON- NECTING SUPPORTING BASE AND PIVOTED POLE I Earl W. Smith, 230 W. Shields, Fresno, Calif. 93705 Filed Apr. 24, 1964, Ser. No. 362,330 4 Claims. (Cl. 272-82) This invention relates to apparatus for exercising the human body when disposed in a natural standing posture, it being a general object to provide an exerciser which is adapted to require natural flexing and refiexing of the muscles to any degree which may be within the capability and desirability of the particular person exercising thereon.

Many types of exercising machines have been devised and for the most part each one is limited in respect to ultimate overall muscle flexure. That is, a given exercising machine is usually good for exercising certain muscles only, and even then the mode of exercising is not always normal. For example, a classical gymnasium exerciser is the flexible cord, pulley and weight arrangement which necessitates pulling only and wherein the person cannot also push, unless he turns around 180 in which case he cannot pull. Furthermore, these machines are usually constructed against a standard or against a wall, which is in itself an obstacle. The fact that force can be exerted in one direction only is a limiting factor in the ordinary exerciser and this prevents many of the natural body movements.

An object of this invention is to provide a completely portable exerciser of light weight construction, and one which is simple and rugged and devoid of complexity.

Another object of this invention is to provide an exerciser upon which the person exercising stands in order to establish the ballast for the stabilized platform.

It is an object of this invention to provide an exerciser with dual manual elements, each of which can be pulled or pushed independently of the other.

It is also an object of this invention to provide an exerciser of the character thus far referred to wherein the erected device will stand alone, and wherein the dismandled device can be stored within a minimum space.

The various objects and features of this invention will be fully understood from the following detailed description of the typical preferred form and application thereof, throughout which description reference is made to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the exercising apparatus and the manner of use thereof.

FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken as indicated by line 22 on FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is an enlarged section taken as indicated by 3-3 in FIG. 1.

In the drawings I have illustrated a preferred embodiment of the present invention and which involves generally, a base A, a pair of upstanding poles B, and pressure exerting means C yieldingly preventing displacement of said poles from the said normal positions thereon. The said means A, B an C can be supplied in a disassembled knock-down condition (not shown) wherein the said poles B lie adjacent the base A and wherein the elements of means C are disconnected and lie at random upon said base A. It will be apparent that the parts as shown can be disassembled and shipped or stored in a relatively flat condition and/ or container, all as may be required.

The base A is a flat element of relatively stable construction adapted to lie upon a floor or the like. In accordance with the invention the base A is approximately the width of the human pectoral girdle, for example 18 inches in width, and it is preferably rec- 3,345fi6? Patented Get. 3, 1967 tangular in plane view and of about 6 foot in length. The said dimensions can vary as circumstances require, the base A establishing a platform upon which a person can stand, at one or both ends as shown. In practice, the base A is made of plyboard or the like covered with an anti-skid coating or covering, the base A being characterized by parallel sides 10, a transverse center line 11 and by opposite end standing portions 12 upon which a person can locate himself. In the case illustrated the base A is reinforced by a pair of underlying stringers 13 that are fixed in place as shown.

The pair of upstanding poles B are provided for manual working engagement by a person who wishes to exercise, it being a feature of the present invention that the person exercising must exert force to the degree which he or she may desire. The poles B are alike and each is a straight rod-like element normally disposed in a vertical disposition from the center line 11 of the.

base A. Thus, the two poles B normally extend upwardly in a plane perpendicular to the plane of the base A and coincidental with the center line 11. In accordance 'with the invention the poles are pivoted at the plane of the base A so that they swing independently to and vfrom the opposite end portions 12. The two poles B swing in a plane approximately coincidental With the two sides 10 respectively, and they are pivoted or hinged on a common axis 11, on pins 15 removably inserted into and carried by brackets 16 supported on the top face of the base A. Therefore, the two poles are capable of swinging to and fro, each in the plane of a side 10.

As it is clearly shown, the poles B are of substantially the same height as a person who is to exercise on the apparatus. The pins 15'are fixed on horizontal axis by the brackets 16 so that the poles are confined to swing in said fore-and-aft plane and whereby they are held erect for operation when the means C is installed.

The pressure exerting means C is provided to yieldingly resist displacement of the poles B, and the means C is applied identically to the two poles in order to exert resistance to movement of the poles when they are forced from the normal upright positions. There are various ways in which this may be accomplished, however, a most desirable Way is as shown and whereby the weights and strengths of the parts involved are minimized. In practice, substantial resistance is exerted by the pressure exerting means C, in which case it has been found to be most practical to utilize elastic members 25 trained from the standing portions 12 to a substantial height on the poles B. As is clearly shown, each pole B is combined with pressure exerting means C comprising a pair of oppositely extending elastic members, each trained from the pole B about midway of its height and oppositely to the remote end of the base A.

The elastic members 25 which comprise the pressure exerting means C are commonly referred to as shockcords and are usually made of a bundle of longitudinally disposed elastic strands encased in an extensible sheathing. Each end of the elastic member is provided with an eye 20 for anchoring purposes. Therefore, an anchor 21 is provided at the pole B and an anchor 22 is provided at the standing portion 12, each anchor involving a hook member or the like adapted to receive an eye 20. In practice, the anchors 21 are fastened to opposite sides of pole B by a through fastener 23 with the hook faced upwardly, while the anchors 22 are angularly disposed on axes extended toward the area of the said hook anchors 2'1. Depending upon the desired elasticity of means C the elastic members 25 comprising the same can be used singularly or in multiples as shown. Thus, the pressure exerting function of the exerciser can be varied as circumstances require.

Tension adjustment is provided for in one or two ways, it being preferred to provide a plurality of hook anchors 21 and to provide pre-tensioning means 30 for the elastic members 25 which comprise the pressure exerting means C. The plurality of hook anchors 21 are each placed at a strategic station vertically of the poles B, and it is therefore a simple matter to select an anchor 21 which creates the desired amount of pressure when the poles B are displaced. The pretensioning means 30 is essentially an element which is variable in length and it is shown as a strap and adjustable buckle which is trained from the one end of the elastic members 25 to one of the anchors 21 or 22. In the case illustrated, the strap of means 30 is laced through the uppermost eyes of the elastic members 25, in which case the strap of means 30 is extended to the elastic hook anchor 21. Thus, the degree of pretensioning is controlled as well as controlling the amount of force to be exerted from and upon movement of the poles B from a normal vertical position.

From the foregoing, the simple and practical nature of the exerciser should be readily seen wherein but a few simply formed elements are involved and are easily combined. In order to employ the exerciser, a person stands upon one end portion 12 of the base A with the pair of poles B before him and with a virtually unobstructed area before him for manipulating said poles. The utility of the exerciser resides in itself stability even though lightly constructed wherein the weight of the person standing upon the one end portion 12 in itself establishes a firm platform, and wherein the two poles are then adapted to be forced to and from the said person. As a result, the exercising action is resolved into opposed flexture of the body muscle accompanied by the inherent requirement that the person exercising maintain his balance. That is, the person must exert force in order to displace the poles B from their normal erect positions, and in doing so the person must keep a firm footing upon the standing portion 12. There are, of course, various combinations of movement to be practiced in the course of exercising with the apparatus, and for example when forcing the poles to move oppositely the muscles throughout the body are flexed so as to oppose the twist or torsional effect which is imposed through the persons arms and to his shoulders. Without going into detail, it is apparent that the torsion as imposed at the persons shoulders is transmitted through his torso, hips, and legs, and to his feet which frequently engage upon the standing portion 12. Further, it will be apparent that the said twist or torsional effect is reversed by alternately pushing and pulling the poles B and with any amount of force which may be desired.

Having described only a typical preferred form and application of my invention, I do not wish to be limited or restricted to the specific details herein set forth, but Wish to reserve to myself any modifications or variations that may appear to those skilled in the art and fall within the scope of the following claims.

Having described my invention I claim:

1. Exercising apparatus comprising:

(a) a flat horizontally disposed base member with opposite sides spaced substantially the same as the width of a persons shoulders, and having a transverse hinge line extending between the sides and having opposite portions remote from said line and at least one of said portions being a standing portion;

(b) a pair of individual and entirely independently operable disposed poles, each with its lower end pivoted to the base at said hinge line and at opposite sides of the base and each aligned with a shoulder of the person respectively;

() and pressure exerting means comprising elastic elements and each trained from opposite sides of each individually operable pole substantially above the base respectively and to the remote positions of the base member respectively, whereby a person standing upon the base establishes a stable platform thereof and can fiex his body muscles by both pushing and pulling independently upon the two individual poles.

2. Exercising apparatus comprising:

(a) a flat horizontally disposed base member having a middle portion with a transverse hinge line and with opposite standing portions remote from said line;

(b) An individual normally vertically disposed and manually engageable pole with its lower end pivoted to the base at said hinge line;

(c) and independently operable pressure exerting means and each comprising an elastic element trained from an opposite side of the pole substantially above the base and to an opposite remote standing portion, respectively whereby a person standing upon the base establishes a stable platform thereof and can flex his body muscles by both manually pushing and manually pulling on the pole.

3. Exercising apparatus comprising:

(a) a fiat horizontally disposed base member having a middle portion and with opposite sides spaced substantially the same as the width of a persons shoulders, and having a transverse hinge line extending between the sides and having opposite standing portions remote from said line;

(b) a pair of individually operable normally vertically disposed poles, each with its lower end pivoted to the base at said hinge line and at opposite sides of the base and each aligned with a shoulder of the person respectively;

(c) and pressure exerting means comprising an elastic element trained from each opposite side of each individually operable pole substantially above the base and to each opposite remote standing portion respectively, whereby a person standing upon the base establishes a stable platform thereof and can flex his body muscles by both pushing and pulling independently upon the two individual poles.

4. Exercising apparatus comprising:

(a) a fiat horizontally disposed base member having a middle portion and with opposite sides spaced substantially the same as the width of a persons shoulders, and having a transverse hinge line extending between the sides and having opposite standing portions remote from said line;

(b) a pair of individually operable normally vertically disposed poles, each with its lower end pivoted to the base at said hinge line and at opposite sides of the base and each aligned with a shoulder of the person respectively;

(c) and pressure exerting means comprising an elastic element trained from each individually operable pole substantially above the base and to the opposite remote standing portions respectively, said elements being adjustably coupled to a series of vertically spaced hooks positioned along said poles respectively, whereby a person standing upon the base establishes a stable platform thereof and can adjustably flex his body muscles by both pushing and pulling independently upon the two individual and adjustably coupled poles.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,223,309 11/1940 Swanson 272-83 2,921,791 1/1960 Berne 272-67 X RICHARD C. PINKHAM, Primary Examiner.

W. R. BROWNE, Assistant Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. EXERCISING APPARATUS COMPRISING: (A) A FLAT HORIZONTALLY DISPOSED BASE MEMBER WITH OPPOSITE SIDES SPACED SUBSTANTIALLY THE SAME AS THE WIDTH OF A PERSON''S SHOULDERS, AND HAVING A TRANSVERSE HINGE LINE EXTENDING BETWEEN THE SIDES AND HAVING OPPOSITE PORTIONS REMOTE FROM SAID LINE AND AT LEAST ONE OF SAID PORTIONS BEING A STANDING PORTION; (B) A PAIR OF INDIVIDUAL AND ENTIRELY INDEPENDENTLY OPERABLE DISPOSED POLES, EACH WITH ITS LOWER END PIVOTED TO THE BASE AT SAID HINGE LINE AND AT OPPOSITE SIDES OF THE BASE AND EACH ALIGNED WITH A SHOULDER OF THE PERSON RESPECTIVELY; (C) AND PRESSURE EXERTING MEANS COMPRISING ELASTIC ELEMENTS AND EACH TRAINED FROM OPPOSITE SIDES OF EACH INDIVIDUALLY OPERABLE POLE SUBSTANTIALLY ABOVE THE BASE RESPECTIVELY AND TO THE REMOTE POSITIONS OF THE BASE MEMBER RESPECTIVELY, WHEREBY A PERSON STANDING UPON THE BASE ESTABLISHES A STABLE PLATFORM THEREOF AND CAN FLEX HIS BODY MUSCLES BY BOTH PUSHING AND PULLING INDEPENDENTLY UPON THE TWO INDIVIDUAL POLES.
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Cited By (45)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3430956A (en) * 1966-08-15 1969-03-04 Alexander T Borgeas Foot and leg exerciser
US3501143A (en) * 1968-06-10 1970-03-17 Harold Raymond Guerin Spring type judo exercising device
US3792860A (en) * 1972-10-17 1974-02-19 A Selnes Pivotal platform training apparatus with selectively connectible components
US3838852A (en) * 1971-11-15 1974-10-01 M Gury Elastic type exercising device
US3912266A (en) * 1973-02-14 1975-10-14 Max M Gury Elastic type exercising device
US3989241A (en) * 1974-07-29 1976-11-02 Andre Pierre Joseph Ourgant Physical training apparatus
US4311305A (en) * 1979-12-04 1982-01-19 Lambert Jr Lloyd J Chest and bust machine
FR2519006A1 (en) * 1981-12-30 1983-07-01 Tioxide Group Plc Method for producing polymer beads vesicular
US4411424A (en) * 1982-02-08 1983-10-25 Barnett Robert V Weight lifting exercise apparatus
US4461474A (en) * 1983-05-16 1984-07-24 Retzlaff Albert R Arm wrestling exerciser
US4765615A (en) * 1987-04-21 1988-08-23 Case William S Exercising apparatus
US5110117A (en) * 1990-02-27 1992-05-05 Glen Henson Treadmill with pivoting handles
US5282776A (en) * 1992-09-30 1994-02-01 Proform Fitness Products, Inc. Upper body exerciser
US5395296A (en) * 1985-11-08 1995-03-07 Webster; Timothy D. Exercise apparatus utilizing array of elastic means
US5527245A (en) * 1994-02-03 1996-06-18 Icon Health & Fitness, Inc. Aerobic and anaerobic exercise machine
US5595556A (en) * 1992-09-30 1997-01-21 Icon Health & Fitness, Inc. Treadmill with upper body system
US5776039A (en) * 1993-12-23 1998-07-07 Dean G. Tornabene Exercise apparatus
US5957816A (en) * 1997-04-10 1999-09-28 Staffa; Daniel Louis Exercise apparatus for stimulating muscle coordination and joint stability during multiaxial movement patterns involving rotational force
US6592498B1 (en) * 1997-03-21 2003-07-15 Patrick John Trainor Exercise devices
US20040204302A1 (en) * 2001-08-22 2004-10-14 Flynn Thomas S. Method and apparatus for performing stretching exercises
US20060183609A1 (en) * 2001-08-22 2006-08-17 Flynn Thomas S Method and apparatus for performing stretching and strengthening exercises
US20080070755A1 (en) * 2006-09-15 2008-03-20 Mckee Todd Machines and Methods for Combined and Isolated Upper and Lower Body Workouts
US20080153680A1 (en) * 2006-12-21 2008-06-26 Joseph Bendavid Exercise assembly for a chair and a chair having such an exercise assembly
US20080261789A1 (en) * 2007-04-23 2008-10-23 Chih-Ming Hsu Rotatable Swissball AB Trainer
US20080318744A1 (en) * 2007-06-22 2008-12-25 Barra Maurizio M Portable Exercise Unit
US20090054214A1 (en) * 2005-09-29 2009-02-26 Michael Shannon Kadar Exercise apparatus
US20090215594A1 (en) * 2008-02-27 2009-08-27 Jordan Panaiotov Exercise system utilizing elastic bands
US20100041531A1 (en) * 2008-08-16 2010-02-18 Timothy Shawn Rochford Method for performing body exercises
US7695413B1 (en) * 2007-05-10 2010-04-13 Christian Cruz Pre-tensioned resistance exercise band
US7704199B2 (en) 2005-09-29 2010-04-27 Core Stix Fitness, Llc Exercise apparatus
US20110021329A1 (en) * 2009-07-24 2011-01-27 Patrick Dunne Body attached sports training device
US8602952B1 (en) 2007-05-10 2013-12-10 Christian Cruz Telescoping pre-tensioned resistance exercise assembly
US20140155232A1 (en) * 2012-12-05 2014-06-05 Edward Anthony Wolan Portable resistance band exercise machine
USD745939S1 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-12-22 Arqex Outdoor Fitness Systems, Llc Strength training and stretching machine with adjustable arms
USD750716S1 (en) * 2014-10-22 2016-03-01 Thomas Paul Pouliot Resistance band
US20160067540A1 (en) * 2014-09-09 2016-03-10 Kevin Benton Dill Workout board
USD753246S1 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-04-05 Arqex Outdoor Fitness Systems, Llc Strength training and stretching machine
US9314658B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-04-19 Arqex Outdoor Fitness Systems, Llc Strength training and stretching system
USD777850S1 (en) 2015-01-16 2017-01-31 Arqex Outdoor Fitness Systems, Llc Variable resistance band
US9555280B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2017-01-31 Arqex Outdoor Fitness Systems, Llc Attachment assembly for an exercise device and an exercise device incorporating the same
US9555278B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2017-01-31 Arqfx Outdoor Fitness Systems, Llc Strength training and stretching system and resistance band assembly for use therewith
US9630048B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2017-04-25 Arqex Outdoor Fitness Systems, Llc Variable resistance band assembly and method of using the same
US9682267B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2017-06-20 Arqex Outdoor Fitness Systems, Llc Insert for use with a resistance band assembly and a method of using the same
US9724553B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2017-08-08 Arqex Outdoor Fitness Systems, Llc Resistance band assembly and a method of varying a resistive force applied thereby
US9873017B2 (en) * 2015-05-18 2018-01-23 Gregory Barel Apparatus and methods for exercising a limb of a user

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Patent Citations (2)

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Cited By (59)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3430956A (en) * 1966-08-15 1969-03-04 Alexander T Borgeas Foot and leg exerciser
US3501143A (en) * 1968-06-10 1970-03-17 Harold Raymond Guerin Spring type judo exercising device
US3838852A (en) * 1971-11-15 1974-10-01 M Gury Elastic type exercising device
US3792860A (en) * 1972-10-17 1974-02-19 A Selnes Pivotal platform training apparatus with selectively connectible components
US3912266A (en) * 1973-02-14 1975-10-14 Max M Gury Elastic type exercising device
US3989241A (en) * 1974-07-29 1976-11-02 Andre Pierre Joseph Ourgant Physical training apparatus
US4311305A (en) * 1979-12-04 1982-01-19 Lambert Jr Lloyd J Chest and bust machine
FR2519006A1 (en) * 1981-12-30 1983-07-01 Tioxide Group Plc Method for producing polymer beads vesicular
US4411424A (en) * 1982-02-08 1983-10-25 Barnett Robert V Weight lifting exercise apparatus
US4461474A (en) * 1983-05-16 1984-07-24 Retzlaff Albert R Arm wrestling exerciser
US5395296A (en) * 1985-11-08 1995-03-07 Webster; Timothy D. Exercise apparatus utilizing array of elastic means
US5823925A (en) * 1985-11-08 1998-10-20 Blodgett & Blodgett, P.C. Stretching apparatus using elastic cords
US4765615A (en) * 1987-04-21 1988-08-23 Case William S Exercising apparatus
US5110117A (en) * 1990-02-27 1992-05-05 Glen Henson Treadmill with pivoting handles
US5282776A (en) * 1992-09-30 1994-02-01 Proform Fitness Products, Inc. Upper body exerciser
US5595556A (en) * 1992-09-30 1997-01-21 Icon Health & Fitness, Inc. Treadmill with upper body system
US5776039A (en) * 1993-12-23 1998-07-07 Dean G. Tornabene Exercise apparatus
US5527245A (en) * 1994-02-03 1996-06-18 Icon Health & Fitness, Inc. Aerobic and anaerobic exercise machine
US6592498B1 (en) * 1997-03-21 2003-07-15 Patrick John Trainor Exercise devices
US5957816A (en) * 1997-04-10 1999-09-28 Staffa; Daniel Louis Exercise apparatus for stimulating muscle coordination and joint stability during multiaxial movement patterns involving rotational force
US20060183609A1 (en) * 2001-08-22 2006-08-17 Flynn Thomas S Method and apparatus for performing stretching and strengthening exercises
US20040204302A1 (en) * 2001-08-22 2004-10-14 Flynn Thomas S. Method and apparatus for performing stretching exercises
US8500612B2 (en) 2005-09-29 2013-08-06 Core Stix Fitness Llc Exercise apparatus
US20100273615A1 (en) * 2005-09-29 2010-10-28 Kregg Alan Koch Exercise apparatus
US8137249B2 (en) 2005-09-29 2012-03-20 Core Stix Fitness Llc Exercise apparatus
US7878956B2 (en) 2005-09-29 2011-02-01 Core Stix Fitness, Llc Exercise apparatus
US20090054214A1 (en) * 2005-09-29 2009-02-26 Michael Shannon Kadar Exercise apparatus
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US8029417B2 (en) 2006-09-15 2011-10-04 True Fitness Technology, Inc. Machines and methods for combined and isolated upper and lower body workouts
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