US3335801A - Cementing vibrator - Google Patents

Cementing vibrator Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3335801A
US3335801A US419413A US41941364A US3335801A US 3335801 A US3335801 A US 3335801A US 419413 A US419413 A US 419413A US 41941364 A US41941364 A US 41941364A US 3335801 A US3335801 A US 3335801A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
body
casing
guide
fluid
cement
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US419413A
Inventor
Lawrence E Wilsey
Original Assignee
Lawrence E Wilsey
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Lawrence E Wilsey filed Critical Lawrence E Wilsey
Priority to US419413A priority Critical patent/US3335801A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3335801A publication Critical patent/US3335801A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B28/00Vibration generating arrangements for boreholes or wells, e.g. for stimulating production
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B33/00Sealing or packing boreholes or wells
    • E21B33/10Sealing or packing boreholes or wells in the borehole
    • E21B33/13Methods or devices for cementing, for plugging holes, crevices, or the like
    • E21B33/14Methods or devices for cementing, for plugging holes, crevices, or the like for cementing casings into boreholes

Description

All@ 15, 1967 L E. WILSEY 3,335,801 v CEMENTING VIBRATOR Filed Dec. 18, 1964 5a I 5@ 54 521 n50 ju" J I" II 'l a II I I q 6o I Y f v :j ,f ,I N30 l f y I 42W" 4? Plas Il I| "5,31: LAWRENCE E. wILsEY INVENTOR I BY I FIG. l 6A/ ff AGENT I 29 Je United States Patent O 3,335,801 CEMENTING VIBRATOR Lawrence E. Wilsey, P.O. Box 854, Stillwater, Okla. 74074 Filed Dec. 18, 1964, Ser. No. 419,413 7 Claims. (Cl. 166-177) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A down hole well pipe receiving cylindrical eccentric frame .and bearing supported body is vibratorially rotated by fluid pumped and guided downwardly through a radially outward and downwardly directed iluid course passing through the body.

The present invention relates to cementing oil wells and more particularly to a casing vibrator.

In drilling and equipping oil wells it is conventional practice to lower casing into the borehole to a selected depth and pump fluid -cement down the casing and upwardly around the periphery of the casing within the borehole, to anchor the casing and seal off porous or iluid producing earth strata. Fluids, produced by the strata to be sealed oil, air trapped within the cement, mud or other impurities within the borehole sometimes form channels in the fluid cement resulting in poor or unsatisfactory compacting of the cement and a sealing contact between the outer wall of the casing and the wall of the borehole.

The prior art reveals a number of pipe or casing vibra- -tors for compacting the cement while in a tluid state between the periphery of the casing and the borehole wall. Most of these devices shown by the prior art employ a motor driven casing vibrating eccentric which necessitates the use of an electric line and the removal of the device after the casing vibrating action.

It is, therefore, the principal object of this invention to provide a pipe or casing vibrator which will compact fluid cement during the application of cement to the well and after the desired quantity of cement has been pumped into the well.

Another important object is the provision of a casing vibrator which is fluid operated.

Another object is the provision of a device of this class which is principally formed of drillable materials and may therefore be left in the hole and drilled-up when the cement plug is drilled.

A further object is to provide a casing vibrator which may be pumped downwardly into the casing of a well as the fluid cement is applied and wherein the device is supported in operating position at the depending end portion of the casing, by a conventional cementing oat collar or the like.

The present invention accomplishes these .and other objects -by mounting an elongated cylindrical eccentric -body between two support members and providing a uid channel through the body arranged to impart rotation to the body by the downward passage of fluid.

Other objects will be apparent from the following description when taken in conjunction with the .accompanying single sheet of drawings, wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a vertical cross-sectional View of the device within the fragment of a borehole;

FIGURE 2 is a horizontal cross-sectional view taken substantially along the line 2 2 of FIG. 1; and,

FIGURE 3 is a vertical cross-sectional View taken substantially along the line 3-3 of FIG. 2.

Like characters of reference designate like parts in those ligures of the drawings in which they occur.

3,335,801 Patented Aug. 15, 1967 ICC In the drawings:

The reference numeral 10 indicates a fragmentary portion of casing within .a borehole 12 having lluid cement 14 interposed between the casing and borehole wall. The depending end portion of the casing is connected with a conventional cementing oat collar or shoe 16.

The numeral 2t) indicates the device, as a whole, comprising a centrally bored wiper guide 212, a supporting frame 24 and a rotating eccentric `body 26 interposed between the guide and supporting frame. The body 2'6 is substantially cylindrical in general configuration and is diametrically slightly smaller than the inside diameter of the pipe 10 to be vibrated, so that the entire device may slide freely downward through the casing. One longitudinal half of the body 26 is formed of solid material, as is indicated at 27, while the opposite half or portion is hollow forming a chamber 28 which is defined by an outer side wall 30 and upper and lower end walls 29 and 31, respectively. A plurality of circumferentially spacedapart friction reducing rollers 32 are journaled by the outer surfaceand wall of the body adjacent its respective ends for the purposes which will presently be apparent.

The bottom end of the body 26 is provided with a depending portion 33 forming a ilat bearing surface 34 normal to the longitudinal axis of the body which rests on a spherical bearing or ball 36 rigidly secured, as by welding, to a plurality, preferably three, legs 38 forming the frame 24. A cylindrical wall 40, secured to the depending end 31 of the body 26, is secured, by its depending end edge surface, to a disk-like washer 42 having an enlarged axial opening 44 surrounding the bearing 36. A rin-g 46 surrounds and is secured to the bearing 36 below its horizontal diametric center line adjacent the upper surface of the end plate or washer 42 for the purposes `which will presently be described.

The upper end portion of the body 26, as viewed in FIG. 1, is provided with a circumferential upstanding lip or wall 50 spaced inwardly of its periphery a selected distance for the purposes to be described hereinbelow.

A concentric recess, indicated at 52, is formed in the surface of the upper end 29 of the body. A cage or socket 54 is coaxially connected to the surface of the body forming the bottom of the recess 52. The cage 54 nests the ball end 56 of a stud bolt having a shank 58.

A tube 60 projects through the upper end wall 29 of thejbody through a suitable aperture, in off set relation with respect to the longitudinal axis of the body, as shown in FIG. 2. The tube 60 extends arcuately downward through the open compartment 2,8 along the inner 4surface of the wall 30 and opens through the bottom wall through an aperture 62. A frangible disk or diaphragm 63 normally closes the depending end of the tube 60.

The depending end of the guide 22 is provided with a pair Vof spaced-apart concentric depending walls 64 and 66 -which loosely receive the upstanding wall 50 therebetween. The depending end portion of the guide is provided with a concentric recess 68 defined, at its inner upward limit, by a web 7l). The bolt shank 58, projects coaxially through the web 70 and is secured thereto by a nut and washers 72. The web 70 is provided with a plurality of fluid passage ports or apertures 74 to provide communication between the bore of the guide and recess `68. The recess 68 in the guide and the recess 52 in the body, in communication with the innermost depending wall 66 of the guide, thus form a fluid chamber constantly in communication with the upwardly open end of the tube 60. The inner surface of the uppermost end portion of the guide is beveled, as at 76, to provide an enlarged upper end opening. A plurality of upwardly directed outstanding circumferential lips or ilanges 78 seal with the inner wall of the casing y and maintain the guide coaxial with respect to the casing for the purposes presently explained.

Operation In operation the device is installed within the casing 10, having a float collar or shoe 16, by pumping it downwardly as the eementitious mixture 14 is applied to the well. The legs 38 of the frame 24 contact the upper surface of the oat collar 1-6. The guide flaps 73 are in sealing contact with the inner surface of the casing and pump pressure applied to the fluid cement within the casing ruptures the diaphragm 63 to open the tube 60 to permit passage of the cement therethrough. Continued pump pressure applied to the fluid cement within the casing forces the iluid cement through the tu'be 60. The fluid forced through the downward open end of the tube 60 imparts an equal and opposite force to the body 26 which rotates the latter. The rotating body is supported by contact with the bearing 36 and the ball 54 and socket 56 at its upper end permits rotation of the body independently of the frame 24 and guide 22. The friction reducing rollers 32 Contact the inner wall surface of the casing 10 while the body 26 is rotating. The body 26 may move out of axial alignment with respect to the vertical axis of the casing 10 and supporting frame 24 and guide 22 to cause a vibratory bumping or shaking action on the casing 10 by the unbalanced condition of the eccentric body 26. Such vibratory movement applied to the casing moves the latter and imparts a similar vibrating motion to the cement 14 while in a uid state surrounding the casing which tends to remove the drilling ymud wall-cake and to reduce the cement to a compacted state by arresting gravitational separation and segregation of the cementing `materials and the borehole fluids it replaces. After the cementing operation is completed, the tool remains in the casing and is drilled up with the hardened or set cement and material forming the ioat collar or shoe 16.

While fluid lcement has been illustrated and described, it seems obvious that other pumpable materials may be used with equal eiiiciency of operation of the device.

Obviously the invention is susceptible to some change or alteration without defeating its practicability, and I therefore do not wish to be confined to the preferred embodiment shown in the drawings and described herein, further than I am limited by the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A well pipe vibrating apparatus, comprising: a substantially cylindrical eccentric body closely received within a well pipe, said body having a uid course therethrough; a .frame comprising a plurality of supporting legs; a bearing interconnecting said legs and supporting said body; and a luid guide pivotally connected coaxially with the end of said body opposite said frame and sealing with the inner wall surface of the well pipe permitting rotation of said body independently of said guide when fluid is forced through said uid course.

2. Structure as specified in claim 1 in which said body includes a hollow compartment dened by an outer wall and in which the fluid course is formed by an open ended tube extending downwardly, from the central upper end portion of said body, in an arcuate inner circumferential direction along the inner surface of said wall, said tube terminating through the lower end portion of said body.

3. A well pipe vibrating apparatus, comprising: a substantially cylindrical eccentric body adapted to be closely received by and lowered into a well pipe; frame means comprising a plurality of supporting legs positioned below said body; tiuid guide means positioned above said body coaxial with respect to said well pipe; bearing means connecting said body to said frame means and said guide means, said bearing means permitting lateral movement of the longitudinal axis of said body with respect to the longitudinal axis of the well pipe; and means for rotating said body.

4. Structure as specied in claim 3 in which said fluid guide means comprises a centrally bored member having an apertured web intersecting the bore thereof, and having circumferential outstanding iiaps sealin-g with the inner wall of the well pipe.

5. Structure as specied in claim 4 in which the Ibearing Vmeans comprises: a ball secured to said supporting legs an-d slidably contacting the depending end surface of said body; a ball cage centrally secured to the upper end surface of said body; and a ball stud having a ball end portion pivotally received within said ball cage and having an opposite shank end portion coaxially connected to said web.

`6. Structure as specified in claim 5 in which one longitudinal side portion of said body is hollow forming a compartment defined by an outer wall; and in which the last mentioned means includes a tube disposed within the hollow portion of said body and forming a iluid course, said tube extending, from the upper central end portion of said body, arcuately downward along the inner circumferential limit of said outer wall and terminating through the lowermost end of said body in offset relation with respect to the vertical axis of said body; and an upstandin-g wall -on the upper end portion of said body forming a liuid receiving compartment communicating with the bore of said uid guide means and the upper end of said tube.

7. A vibrating apparatus adapted to be lowered into the casing of a well for vibrating said casing, comprising: an elongated substantially cylindrical body, one longitudinal side portion of said body being hollow to form an imbalance when said body is rotated about its longitudinal axis; a supporting frame; a bearing connected with said frame and movably contacting the depending end portion of said body; a centrally bored uid guide positioned adjacent the upper end of said body; a ball stud member coaxially connected, at one end, to said guide and pivotally connected coaxially, at its other end, to said body; and an open ended tube in communication with the respective end surfaces of said body and extending through the hollow portion of said body in an arcuate inner circumferential direction, whereby fluid pumped through said guide and said tube, under pressure, imparts a rotative motion to said body.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,072,982 3/1937 Dale 166-23 2,148,722 2/1939 Baily 166-23 X 2,187,088 1/1940 Malan 166-177 2,360,803 10/1944 Steuerman 175-55 X 2,785,757 3/1957 Middleton 166-177 X 3,049,185 8/1962 Herbold l66-177 X 3,076,513 2/1963 Heaphy 175-55 X 3,163,240 12/1964 Bodine 175-56 CHARLES E. OCONNELL, Primary Examiner.

R. E. FAVREAU, Assistant Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A WELL PIPE VIBRATING APPARATUS, COMPRISING: A SUBSTANTIALLY CYLINDRICAL ECCENTRIC BODY CLOSELY RECEIVED WITHIN A WELL PIPE, SAID BODY HAVING A FLUID COURSE THERETHROUGH; A FRAME COMPRISING A PLURALITY OF SUPPORTING LEGS; A BEARING INTERCONNECTING SAID LEGS AND SUPPORTING SAID BODY; AND A FLUID GUIDE PIVOTALLY CONNECTED COAXIALLY WITH THE END OF SAID BODY OPPOSITE SAID FRAME AND SEALING WITH
US419413A 1964-12-18 1964-12-18 Cementing vibrator Expired - Lifetime US3335801A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US419413A US3335801A (en) 1964-12-18 1964-12-18 Cementing vibrator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US419413A US3335801A (en) 1964-12-18 1964-12-18 Cementing vibrator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3335801A true US3335801A (en) 1967-08-15

Family

ID=23662155

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US419413A Expired - Lifetime US3335801A (en) 1964-12-18 1964-12-18 Cementing vibrator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3335801A (en)

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3557875A (en) * 1969-04-10 1971-01-26 B & W Inc Method and apparatus for vibrating and cementing a well casing
US3661209A (en) * 1968-12-23 1972-05-09 B & W Inc Method for compactly placing material in a well
US4058163A (en) * 1973-08-06 1977-11-15 Yandell James L Selectively actuated vibrating apparatus connected with well bore member
US4280557A (en) * 1979-11-13 1981-07-28 Bodine Albert G Sonic apparatus for cleaning wells, pipe structures and the like
US4407365A (en) * 1981-08-28 1983-10-04 Exxon Production Research Co. Method for preventing annular fluid flow
US5152342A (en) * 1990-11-01 1992-10-06 Rankin R Edward Apparatus and method for vibrating a casing string during cementing
US20100212901A1 (en) * 2009-02-26 2010-08-26 Frank's International, Inc. Downhole vibration apparatus and methods
WO2011150223A3 (en) * 2010-05-27 2013-03-07 Cooke Claude E Method and apparatus for maintaining pressure in well cement during curing
WO2013030681A3 (en) * 2011-08-31 2013-07-18 Perigon Handel As Wave-inducing device, casing system and method for cementing a casing in a borehole
US9506318B1 (en) * 2014-06-23 2016-11-29 Solid Completion Technology, LLC Cementing well bores
NO20151176A1 (en) * 2015-09-11 2017-03-13 Wellguard As A plugging tool, and method of plugging a well
US10316619B2 (en) 2017-03-16 2019-06-11 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Systems and methods for stage cementing
US10378298B2 (en) 2017-08-02 2019-08-13 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Vibration-induced installation of wellbore casing
US10378339B2 (en) 2017-11-08 2019-08-13 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Method and apparatus for controlling wellbore operations
US10487604B2 (en) 2017-08-02 2019-11-26 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Vibration-induced installation of wellbore casing

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2072982A (en) * 1936-06-22 1937-03-09 Dale Service Corp Method and apparatus for cementing wells
US2148722A (en) * 1934-10-15 1939-02-28 Baily Robert William Submersible vibrator
US2187088A (en) * 1938-06-27 1940-01-16 George L Malan Vibrator
US2360803A (en) * 1943-04-14 1944-10-17 Steuerman Sergey Vibrator device
US2785757A (en) * 1955-07-29 1957-03-19 William H Middleton Paraffin scraper
US3049185A (en) * 1956-12-26 1962-08-14 Paul O Tobeler Method for oscillating drilling
US3076513A (en) * 1960-06-21 1963-02-05 William G Heaphy Power conveying drive means
US3163240A (en) * 1960-09-21 1964-12-29 Albert G Bodine Sonic earth boring drill with elastic fluid resonator

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2148722A (en) * 1934-10-15 1939-02-28 Baily Robert William Submersible vibrator
US2072982A (en) * 1936-06-22 1937-03-09 Dale Service Corp Method and apparatus for cementing wells
US2187088A (en) * 1938-06-27 1940-01-16 George L Malan Vibrator
US2360803A (en) * 1943-04-14 1944-10-17 Steuerman Sergey Vibrator device
US2785757A (en) * 1955-07-29 1957-03-19 William H Middleton Paraffin scraper
US3049185A (en) * 1956-12-26 1962-08-14 Paul O Tobeler Method for oscillating drilling
US3076513A (en) * 1960-06-21 1963-02-05 William G Heaphy Power conveying drive means
US3163240A (en) * 1960-09-21 1964-12-29 Albert G Bodine Sonic earth boring drill with elastic fluid resonator

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3661209A (en) * 1968-12-23 1972-05-09 B & W Inc Method for compactly placing material in a well
US3557875A (en) * 1969-04-10 1971-01-26 B & W Inc Method and apparatus for vibrating and cementing a well casing
US4058163A (en) * 1973-08-06 1977-11-15 Yandell James L Selectively actuated vibrating apparatus connected with well bore member
US4280557A (en) * 1979-11-13 1981-07-28 Bodine Albert G Sonic apparatus for cleaning wells, pipe structures and the like
US4407365A (en) * 1981-08-28 1983-10-04 Exxon Production Research Co. Method for preventing annular fluid flow
US5152342A (en) * 1990-11-01 1992-10-06 Rankin R Edward Apparatus and method for vibrating a casing string during cementing
US20100212901A1 (en) * 2009-02-26 2010-08-26 Frank's International, Inc. Downhole vibration apparatus and methods
WO2010099465A3 (en) * 2009-02-26 2010-12-16 Frank's International, Inc. Downhole vibration apparatus and method
WO2011150223A3 (en) * 2010-05-27 2013-03-07 Cooke Claude E Method and apparatus for maintaining pressure in well cement during curing
US8726993B2 (en) 2010-05-27 2014-05-20 Claude E Cooke, Jr. Method and apparatus for maintaining pressure in well cementing during curing
WO2013030681A3 (en) * 2011-08-31 2013-07-18 Perigon Handel As Wave-inducing device, casing system and method for cementing a casing in a borehole
US9157294B2 (en) 2011-08-31 2015-10-13 Perigon Handel As Wave-inducing device, casing system and method for cementing a casing in a borehole
US9506318B1 (en) * 2014-06-23 2016-11-29 Solid Completion Technology, LLC Cementing well bores
NO20151176A1 (en) * 2015-09-11 2017-03-13 Wellguard As A plugging tool, and method of plugging a well
WO2017043977A1 (en) 2015-09-11 2017-03-16 Wellguard As A plugging tool, and method of plugging a well
NO342616B1 (en) * 2015-09-11 2018-06-18 Wellguard As A plugging tool, and method of plugging a well
US10316619B2 (en) 2017-03-16 2019-06-11 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Systems and methods for stage cementing
US10378298B2 (en) 2017-08-02 2019-08-13 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Vibration-induced installation of wellbore casing
US10487604B2 (en) 2017-08-02 2019-11-26 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Vibration-induced installation of wellbore casing
US10378339B2 (en) 2017-11-08 2019-08-13 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Method and apparatus for controlling wellbore operations

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CA1231891A (en) Apparatus and method for inserting flow control means into a well casing
US5348095A (en) Method of creating a wellbore in an underground formation
US7380599B2 (en) Apparatus and method for characterizing a reservoir
US3138214A (en) Bit force applicator
US7100685B2 (en) Mono-diameter wellbore casing
US3273646A (en) Circulating casing hanger assembly
US3667721A (en) Blowout preventer
US6920929B2 (en) Reverse circulation cementing system and method
US20040084182A1 (en) Reverse cementing float shoe
US5934836A (en) Ground anchor device
US3924677A (en) Device for use in the completion of an oil or gas well
US4527637A (en) Cycloidal drill bit
US20040159464A1 (en) Percussion tool and method
US1892517A (en) Well drilling apparatus
US20060048948A1 (en) Anchor hangers
US3831680A (en) Pressure responsive auxiliary disc valve and the like for well cleaning, testing and other operations
RU2186190C2 (en) Template for drilling and equipping of wells (versions) and method of template use
CA1167832A (en) Reduction of the frictional coefficient in a borehole by the use of vibration
EP0618345A1 (en) Method and apparatus for cementing a casing string
US5372193A (en) Completion test tool
US5379838A (en) Apparatus for centralizing pipe in a wellbore
US2749840A (en) Gun perforators for wells
US4905759A (en) Collapsible gun assembly
US4366988A (en) Sonic apparatus and method for slurry well bore mining and production
US2513944A (en) Method and apparatus for completing a well