US3317944A - Multi-purpose sponge brush - Google Patents

Multi-purpose sponge brush Download PDF

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Publication number
US3317944A
US3317944A US514034A US51403465A US3317944A US 3317944 A US3317944 A US 3317944A US 514034 A US514034 A US 514034A US 51403465 A US51403465 A US 51403465A US 3317944 A US3317944 A US 3317944A
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brush
handle
segment
bun
spaced
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US514034A
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Maurice A Napier
Jr Maurice A Napier
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Maurice A Napier
Jr Maurice A Napier
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L17/00Apparatus or implements used in manual washing or cleaning of crockery, table-ware, cooking-ware or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B11/00Brushes with reservoir or other means for applying substances, e.g. paints, pastes, water
    • A46B11/001Brushes with reservoir or other means for applying substances, e.g. paints, pastes, water with integral reservoirs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05CAPPARATUS FOR APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05C17/00Hand tools or apparatus using hand held tools, for applying liquids or other fluent materials to, for spreading applied liquids or other fluent materials on, or for partially removing applied liquids or other fluent materials from, surfaces

Description

y 1967 M. A. NAPIER, SR, ETAL 3,317,944

MULTI'PURPOSE SPONGE BRUSH Filed Dec. 15, 1965 FIG.2

INVENTORS MAURICE A. NAPIER, SR. as Y MAURICE A. NAPIER, JR. f f

ATTORNEY FIG. 5

United States Patent 3,317,944 MULTI-PURPOSE SPONGE BRUSH Maurice A. Napier, Sr., 841 Timberline Drive, Akron,

Ohio 44313, and Maurice A. Napier, Jr., 9937 Gabriella Drive, North Royalton, Ohio 44133 Filed Dec.'15, 1965, Ser. No. 514,034 2 Claims. (Cl. -244) This invention refers, in general, to brushes. More particularly, this invention refers to the kind of brush employed as a cleansing expedient when it is not desirable to immerse the object worked upon into a liquid or cleaning solution of a chemical nature.

The manufacture of brushes has attained considerable status as an industry due, perhaps, to the many uses for brushes which are varied but unnecessary to detail here. A typical brush is composed of bristles, wire, or the like which is usually set in a backing or handle of wood, ivory, or wire.

As with other industries, the brush making industry has had its share of problems. The best source of natural bristles, for instance, is Russia and China. When these countries decided to deny import of bristles by American manufacturers, reliance had to be shifted to domestic sources. Unfortunately, the hair of the American pig was found not to be as suitable as its Russian or Chinese counterpart. Consequently, experimentation with the use of horse hair, vegetable fibers, and synthetic fibers was undertaken. Of course, all this meant additional cost since, at least in the case of synthetics, a great number of manufacturing techniques had to be designed and perfected before synthetics could be produced in the proper form for use in brush making.

Furthermore, the necessity of properly complementing the bristles to a backing or handle has been no easy task. To drill holes or slots in wood to receive the bristles or to intertwine the bristles in wire involves a complication of method and machinery. This, of course, is more cost which must ultimately be passed on to the consumer who already, in some instances, is a reluctant buyer.

There appears to be some public resistance against the use of a brush with stiff bristles, particularly when that brush is to be applied against clothing, upholstery, or other like fabrics. Damage can be and is frequently done to the fibers of the material being worked on. Furthermore, the use of a bristled brush against clothing, furniture, and the like to remove lint, hair, dandruff and similar unsightly surface blemishes is unsatisfactory, unless the brushing procedure is lengthy and intensive. Most people 'would rather do the job with a couple of swipes.

Perhaps, this is why there is now on the market a V roller-type brush having an exposed tacky surface to which the foreign materials are supposed to adhere. Obviously, a condition of saturation is soon reached making necessary the replacement of the outer tacky surface. Bristles type brushes, also, after a period of use become ineffective because of the matting of material in the bristles. Cleaning the brush is relatively difiicult since another bristled object must be run through the bristles on the brush or the brush itself must be soaked in soap sudsy water which can be and is very frequently quite damaging to the brush.

Therefore, it is the primary object of this invention to provide a multi-purpose brush which is manufactured with extreme simplicity from readily available materials to thereby effect a reduction in cost.

Another object of this invention is to provide a brush which is effective without the use of bristles.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a brush wherein the brush itself is capable of facile cleaning, without damage, by immersion in soap and water.

"ice

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of the brush of this invention.

FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of an individual segment of the bun portion of the brush.

FIGURE 3 is an elevational view, partly cut out, showing the relationship of the bale wire to the bun portion and handle of the brush.

Referring now to the drawings, and particularly to FIGURE 1 where the brush, generally indicated by the numeral 10, is shown comprised of a bun portion 12 and a handle 14 suitably retained in position relative to each other by means of a bale wire 16.

The handle 14, of wood or any other suitable material, is provided with longitudinal grooves 18 and 20 along its opposed edges in order to better accommodate the wire 16.

Bun portion 12 is composed of a plurality of sponge segments, one of which is best shown in FIGURE 2. Segment 22, as shown, is elliptical in configuration with arcuate cut-outs 24, 24 spaced along its peripheral edge. The segment 22 further includes apertures 26 and 28 which are spaced from each other on transversely opposite sides of the approximate center of the segment 22. The material composition of the segment 22 is preferably a commercially available and open-celled polyester urethane although any suitable material may be employed.

In assemblying the brush 10, a plurality of the segments 22, 22 'will be brought together to form the bun 12, as is clearly shown in FIGURE 1. The bale wire 16 is formed to complement the grooves 18 and 20 on handle 16 which, in effect, assists in spacing the wire 16 so that the extending ends 16a and 16b may be passed through the apertures 26 and 28, respectively, in each of the seg ments 22, 22. The protruding portions of the wire ends 16a and 16b may be turned toward each other and secured, as by clamp 30, or other suitable means. Plates 27 and 29, at the spaced longitudinal ends of the bun 12 assist in stabilizing the assembled condition of the brush 10, with the plate 27 further serving to lock the wire 16 into firm contact with the handle 14.

When the segments 22, 22 are in the assembled condition as just described the arcuate cut-outs 24, 24 achieve a position of alignment and define a series of longitudinal grooves 32, 32, longitudinal brushing surfaces 33, 33, and and longitudinal edges 34, 34, and 36, 36. This arrange ment enables the brush 10 to retain proficiency even when it is necessary that the bun 12 be deformed to reach a difficult cleaning area, such as a corner. Additionally, the brushing surfaces 33, 33 and the edges 34, 34 and 36, 36 are extremely pliable and with only slight pressure can make a relatively massive contact with the surface being worked upon, even when the worked upon surface is uneven. Further, since there is no adhesion between the described segments 22, 22, slight separation of the segments will occur during use imparting a jaw-like action to the bun 12 assuring the removal of hard to expel substances such as dog hair on clothes and upholstered furniture.

There has been shown, then, a multi-purpose brush which is simple to manufacture from readily available materials. No stiff, semi-stiff, or soft bristles are employed. Rather, a series of grooves and edges together with a controlled separation of parts provide working action in the brush. Furthermore, the brush cannot be damaged by moisture and can itself be kept clean by simple immersion in soap and water. In fact, this facile cleaning capability of the brush 10 increases the use po- =3 tential of the brush. The brush, for instance, may be dipped into a dry cleaning chemical solution and applied to an imbedded stain or the like. Or, the brush may be sprayed with a chemical adhesive, if desired. In either case, after the particular purpose has been accomplished, the chemical solution or adhesive may be Washed out of the brush 10 through means of simple soap and water.

It will readily be apparent that the segments and, hence, the bun could be of circular configuration. The elliptical configuration, however, permits a maximum attainment of brushing surface.

While a full and complete description of the invention has been set forth, it is to be understood that the invention is not intended to be so limited. Accordingly, modifications may be resorted to without departing from the spirit hereof Within the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A multi-purpose sponge brush of the character described, comprising; a handle; a bale wire disposed complemental to the longitudinal sides of said handle and secured thereto; said bale Wire having spaced longitudinally extending ends projecting forwardly of the handle; a bun composed of a plurality of separable sponge segments; each said segment having spaced arcuate cut-outs along its peripheral edge; each said segment having spaced apertures; said extending ends of said bale wire passing through said spaced apertures in each said segment aligning said arcuate cut-outs on each said segment; said alignment of said arcuate cut-outs defining spaced longitudinal grooves on said bun; and said bale wire securing said bun to said handle.

2. The device of claim 1 wherein said longitudinal grooves define a series of brushing edges and surfaces.

References Cited by the Examiner DANIEL BLUM, Primary Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A MULTI-PURPOSE SPONGE BRUSH OF THE CHARACTER DESCRIBED, COMPRISING; A HANDLE; A BALE WIRE DISPOSED COMPLEMENTAL TO THE LONGITUDINAL SIDES OF SAID HANDLE AND SECURED THERETO; SAID BALE WIRE HAVING SPACED LONGITUDINALLY EXTENDING ENDS PROJECTING FORWARDLY OF THE HANDLE; A BUN COMPOSED OF A PLURALITY OF SEPARABLE SPONGE SEGMENTS; EACH SAID SEGMENT HAVING SPACED ARCUATE CUT-OUTS ALONG ITS PERIPHERAL EDGE; EACH SAID SEGMENT HAVING SPACED APERTURES; SAID EXTENDING ENDS OF SAID BALE WIRE PASSING THROUGH SAID SPACED APERTURES IN EACH SAID SEGMENT ALIGNING SAID ARCUATE CUT-OUTS ON EACH SAID SEGMENT; SAID ALIGNMENT OF SAID ARCUATE CUT-OUTS DEFINING SPACED LONGITUDINAL GROOVES ON SAID BUN; AND SAID BALE WIRE SECURING SAID BUN TO SAID HANDLE.
US514034A 1965-12-15 1965-12-15 Multi-purpose sponge brush Expired - Lifetime US3317944A (en)

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Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2105243A1 (en) * 1970-03-20 1971-10-07
US3694845A (en) * 1970-10-14 1972-10-03 Horizon Ind Ltd Cleansing device for surgical scrubs
US3939522A (en) * 1974-07-22 1976-02-24 Hiromichi Shimizu Toothbrush
US4207646A (en) * 1979-05-11 1980-06-17 Osborne Robert D Chalkboard erasers
US4260354A (en) * 1979-09-24 1981-04-07 Service (Engineers) Limited Sponges for use in removing seams from clay handles
US5214820A (en) * 1992-05-05 1993-06-01 Shumway Craig S Dish scrubber
US5312197A (en) * 1993-05-24 1994-05-17 Abramson Daniel J Inter-digital surgical scrub brush for reducing skin trauma
US5351356A (en) * 1993-08-16 1994-10-04 Townsend Jr Charles E Combination sponge and handle
US5435040A (en) * 1993-11-01 1995-07-25 Mcclure; Jennie L. Cleaning utensil
US6276023B1 (en) * 2000-02-23 2001-08-21 Sharon Grundy Grill cleaning brush
US6349443B1 (en) 1999-08-10 2002-02-26 Playtex Products, Inc. Bottle/nipple cleaning device
WO2002021990A1 (en) * 2000-09-15 2002-03-21 Kaminstein Imports, Inc. Multi-layered hanging cleaning sponge
US6470526B2 (en) * 2001-01-16 2002-10-29 Valvoline Co., Division Of Ashland Inc. Wheel cleaning device
US6523215B2 (en) * 2001-04-04 2003-02-25 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Polishing pad and system
US6601591B1 (en) * 1998-03-27 2003-08-05 Color Access, Inc. Ergonomic cosmetic applicator
US20040107976A1 (en) * 2002-08-13 2004-06-10 Lawson Sonia Carrine Foot and toe scrubber
US20040177460A1 (en) * 2003-03-13 2004-09-16 Wagner John Lee Pool surface cleaning device
US20040226124A1 (en) * 2003-05-16 2004-11-18 Silva Sandra S. Multi-color faux art palette
US20050086754A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2005-04-28 Dalias Robert J. Grill brush and grill cleaning system
US20050160544A1 (en) * 2004-01-26 2005-07-28 Marc Geller Contoured grill brush
US20070006416A1 (en) * 2003-05-16 2007-01-11 Silva Sandra S Multi-color faux art palette system
WO2007106340A2 (en) 2006-03-10 2007-09-20 3M Innovative Properties Company Heated food preparation surface cleaning pad
US20120204892A1 (en) * 2011-02-16 2012-08-16 Sheila Shammami Apparatus and method for removing fingernail polish
US20130185877A1 (en) * 2012-01-25 2013-07-25 General Electric Company Apparatus for cleaning a slot
US20140310905A1 (en) * 2011-06-15 2014-10-23 Sumie Kurokawa Fingertip Care Sponge and Fingertip Care Instrument
US20150114427A1 (en) * 2013-01-29 2015-04-30 Pamela Johnson Device for applying makeup
USD742497S1 (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-11-03 Scent2Market Inc. Odor control cartridge
US9296020B2 (en) * 2008-04-06 2016-03-29 Matthew Justin Michel Whisk wiper
USD760886S1 (en) 2014-07-30 2016-07-05 Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products Lp Odor control cartridge
WO2016123328A1 (en) * 2015-01-28 2016-08-04 Neomed, Inc. Cleaning device and method for fluid transfer connector
US20180283208A1 (en) * 2017-03-28 2018-10-04 General Electric Company Tools and methods for cleaning grooves of a turbine rotor disc
USD842565S1 (en) 2016-01-28 2019-03-05 Neomed, Inc. Cleaning device for enteral fluid couplings
US10420449B2 (en) * 2017-05-23 2019-09-24 Steven Park Handheld cleaning apparatus
US10780459B2 (en) * 2017-04-17 2020-09-22 Varian Semiconductor Equipment Associates, Inc. System and tool for cleaning a glass surface of an accelerator column

Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB390630A (en) *
BE503279A (en) *
US750280A (en) * 1904-01-26 Shoe-polisher
US2287768A (en) * 1940-05-04 1942-06-30 Du Pont Roller having surface of sponge rubber knobs
US2295823A (en) * 1940-06-05 1942-09-15 Du Pont Artificial structure
US2430164A (en) * 1945-03-29 1947-11-04 Jr Adrian O Dew Gun cleaner or the like
US2628381A (en) * 1949-08-26 1953-02-17 Eli C Scaff Toilet bowl brush
US2667655A (en) * 1951-09-22 1954-02-02 Jr George C Halford Tooth cleaning device having absorbent laminations
US2870472A (en) * 1956-08-22 1959-01-27 Albert E Hartmann Cleaning implements
US2893029A (en) * 1954-12-20 1959-07-07 Peter S Vosbikian Universal cleaners and polishers
US3067444A (en) * 1959-07-28 1962-12-11 Donald L Dickson Rotary cleaning device
US3220040A (en) * 1964-05-26 1965-11-30 Frank R Knaebe Sponge holder
US3231921A (en) * 1964-03-10 1966-02-01 Mario A Cuervo Mop for use in cleaning small household utensils or the like

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB390630A (en) *
BE503279A (en) *
US750280A (en) * 1904-01-26 Shoe-polisher
US2287768A (en) * 1940-05-04 1942-06-30 Du Pont Roller having surface of sponge rubber knobs
US2295823A (en) * 1940-06-05 1942-09-15 Du Pont Artificial structure
US2430164A (en) * 1945-03-29 1947-11-04 Jr Adrian O Dew Gun cleaner or the like
US2628381A (en) * 1949-08-26 1953-02-17 Eli C Scaff Toilet bowl brush
US2667655A (en) * 1951-09-22 1954-02-02 Jr George C Halford Tooth cleaning device having absorbent laminations
US2893029A (en) * 1954-12-20 1959-07-07 Peter S Vosbikian Universal cleaners and polishers
US2870472A (en) * 1956-08-22 1959-01-27 Albert E Hartmann Cleaning implements
US3067444A (en) * 1959-07-28 1962-12-11 Donald L Dickson Rotary cleaning device
US3231921A (en) * 1964-03-10 1966-02-01 Mario A Cuervo Mop for use in cleaning small household utensils or the like
US3220040A (en) * 1964-05-26 1965-11-30 Frank R Knaebe Sponge holder

Cited By (48)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2105243A1 (en) * 1970-03-20 1971-10-07
US3694845A (en) * 1970-10-14 1972-10-03 Horizon Ind Ltd Cleansing device for surgical scrubs
US3939522A (en) * 1974-07-22 1976-02-24 Hiromichi Shimizu Toothbrush
US4207646A (en) * 1979-05-11 1980-06-17 Osborne Robert D Chalkboard erasers
US4260354A (en) * 1979-09-24 1981-04-07 Service (Engineers) Limited Sponges for use in removing seams from clay handles
US5214820A (en) * 1992-05-05 1993-06-01 Shumway Craig S Dish scrubber
US5336330A (en) * 1992-05-05 1994-08-09 Shumway Craig S Method for cleaning an interior cavity of dishware
US5312197A (en) * 1993-05-24 1994-05-17 Abramson Daniel J Inter-digital surgical scrub brush for reducing skin trauma
US5351356A (en) * 1993-08-16 1994-10-04 Townsend Jr Charles E Combination sponge and handle
US5435040A (en) * 1993-11-01 1995-07-25 Mcclure; Jennie L. Cleaning utensil
US6601591B1 (en) * 1998-03-27 2003-08-05 Color Access, Inc. Ergonomic cosmetic applicator
US6349443B1 (en) 1999-08-10 2002-02-26 Playtex Products, Inc. Bottle/nipple cleaning device
US6276023B1 (en) * 2000-02-23 2001-08-21 Sharon Grundy Grill cleaning brush
US7124465B1 (en) * 2000-09-15 2006-10-24 Kaminstein Imports, Inc. Multi-layered hanging cleaning sponge
WO2002021990A1 (en) * 2000-09-15 2002-03-21 Kaminstein Imports, Inc. Multi-layered hanging cleaning sponge
US6470526B2 (en) * 2001-01-16 2002-10-29 Valvoline Co., Division Of Ashland Inc. Wheel cleaning device
US6523215B2 (en) * 2001-04-04 2003-02-25 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Polishing pad and system
US6807705B2 (en) 2001-04-04 2004-10-26 Saint-Gobain Abrasive Technology Company Polishing pad and system
US20040107976A1 (en) * 2002-08-13 2004-06-10 Lawson Sonia Carrine Foot and toe scrubber
US20040177460A1 (en) * 2003-03-13 2004-09-16 Wagner John Lee Pool surface cleaning device
US20040226124A1 (en) * 2003-05-16 2004-11-18 Silva Sandra S. Multi-color faux art palette
US20070006416A1 (en) * 2003-05-16 2007-01-11 Silva Sandra S Multi-color faux art palette system
US7472450B2 (en) * 2003-05-16 2009-01-06 Silva Sandra S Multi-color faux art palette system
US20050086754A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2005-04-28 Dalias Robert J. Grill brush and grill cleaning system
US20050160544A1 (en) * 2004-01-26 2005-07-28 Marc Geller Contoured grill brush
EP1996061A4 (en) * 2006-03-10 2011-06-01 3M Innovative Properties Co Heated food preparation surface cleaning pad
EP1996061A2 (en) * 2006-03-10 2008-12-03 3M Innovative Properties Company Heated food preparation surface cleaning pad
US20090199868A1 (en) * 2006-03-10 2009-08-13 3M Innovative Properties Company Heated food preparation surface cleaning pad
WO2007106340A2 (en) 2006-03-10 2007-09-20 3M Innovative Properties Company Heated food preparation surface cleaning pad
US9296020B2 (en) * 2008-04-06 2016-03-29 Matthew Justin Michel Whisk wiper
US20120204892A1 (en) * 2011-02-16 2012-08-16 Sheila Shammami Apparatus and method for removing fingernail polish
US8584683B2 (en) * 2011-02-16 2013-11-19 Sheila Shammami Apparatus and method for removing fingernail polish
US20140310905A1 (en) * 2011-06-15 2014-10-23 Sumie Kurokawa Fingertip Care Sponge and Fingertip Care Instrument
US9386835B2 (en) * 2011-06-15 2016-07-12 Sumie Kurokawa Fingertip care sponge and fingertip care instrument
US20130185877A1 (en) * 2012-01-25 2013-07-25 General Electric Company Apparatus for cleaning a slot
US20150114427A1 (en) * 2013-01-29 2015-04-30 Pamela Johnson Device for applying makeup
USD760886S1 (en) 2014-07-30 2016-07-05 Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products Lp Odor control cartridge
USD749203S1 (en) 2014-10-31 2016-02-09 Scent2Market, Inc. Odor control cartridge
USD742497S1 (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-11-03 Scent2Market Inc. Odor control cartridge
WO2016123328A1 (en) * 2015-01-28 2016-08-04 Neomed, Inc. Cleaning device and method for fluid transfer connector
US9931176B2 (en) 2015-01-28 2018-04-03 Neomed, Inc. Cleaning device and method for fluid transfer connector
US10675121B2 (en) 2015-01-28 2020-06-09 Neomed, Inc. Cleaning device and method for fluid transfer connector
USD842565S1 (en) 2016-01-28 2019-03-05 Neomed, Inc. Cleaning device for enteral fluid couplings
US20180283208A1 (en) * 2017-03-28 2018-10-04 General Electric Company Tools and methods for cleaning grooves of a turbine rotor disc
EP3382162A3 (en) * 2017-03-28 2019-03-20 General Electric Company Tools and methods for cleaning grooves of a turbine rotor disc
US10385724B2 (en) * 2017-03-28 2019-08-20 General Electric Company Tools and methods for cleaning grooves of a turbine rotor disc
US10780459B2 (en) * 2017-04-17 2020-09-22 Varian Semiconductor Equipment Associates, Inc. System and tool for cleaning a glass surface of an accelerator column
US10420449B2 (en) * 2017-05-23 2019-09-24 Steven Park Handheld cleaning apparatus

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