US3295514A - Electrical dental instrument assembly - Google Patents

Electrical dental instrument assembly Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3295514A
US3295514A US37345264A US3295514A US 3295514 A US3295514 A US 3295514A US 37345264 A US37345264 A US 37345264A US 3295514 A US3295514 A US 3295514A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
contact
end
member
instrument
body
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Dale E Hein
William R Heathe
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Dentists Supply Co of New York
DENTISTS SUPPLY CO
Original Assignee
DENTISTS SUPPLY CO
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/24Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for the mouth, i.e. stomatoscopes, e.g. with tongue depressors; Instruments for opening or keeping open the mouth
    • A61B1/247Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for the mouth, i.e. stomatoscopes, e.g. with tongue depressors; Instruments for opening or keeping open the mouth with means for viewing areas outside the direct line of sight, e.g. dentists' mirrors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating
    • A61B18/08Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating by means of electrically-heated probes
    • A61B18/082Probes or electrodes therefor
    • A61B18/085Forceps, scissors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/05Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnosis by means of electric currents or magnetic fields; Measuring using microwaves or radiowaves
    • A61B5/053Measuring electrical impedance or conductance of a portion of the body
    • A61B5/0534Testing vitality of teeth
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/06Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with illuminating arrangements

Description

Jan. 3, 1967 D- E, HE|N ET AL 3,295,514

ELECTRICAL DENTAL INSTRUMENT ASSEMBLY Filed June 8, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 U3 .u n NY NQ NQ .v9 TWENTE A .E2 i@ w BELEN Om. wm. .Ev mm n u .,.IMW ,f /1 7/////AT//////////7/I/v ATfO/VEY Jan. 3, 1967 D. E. HEIN ET AL 3,295,514

ELECTRICAL DENTAL INSTRUMENT ASSEMBLY` Filed June 8. 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 OWN @QN GMW WWW ,ATmRA/EY United States Patent O 3,295,514 ELECTRICAL DENTAL INSTRUMENT ASSEMBLY Dale E. Hein and William R. Heathe, both of York, Pa., assignors to The Dentists Supply Company of New York, York, Pa., a corporation of New York Filed .lune 8, 1964, Ser. No. 373,452 12 Claims. (Cl. 128 2.1)

This invention relates to a plural interchangeable electrical dental instrument assembly for use in various electrical dental functions such as tooth and oral examination, pulp testing and oral cauterizing.

It is the primary object of this invention to provide in a single dental installation, a plurality of different dental instruments each requiring for its operation a different type of electrical current and a single common head or body member to which each such instrument may be selectively and individually connected and by virtue of such connection supplies to the attached instrument the specific current that it requires.

Another object of this invention is to provide the common head or body member and each of the instruments to be attached thereto with a complemental intertting multi-contact engaging connection wherein the contacts of each instrument and that of the head member engage each other in predetermined indexed registry; the contacts of the head member each supplying a different type of electrical current while in each instrument only one of the corresponding contacts is electrically connected to the operating part or tool of the instrument and the other contacts thereof are free of any connection, such that in the attachment of any selected instrument with the common head member all of the contacts will interengage in indexed registry with the electrically connected contact of the instrument engaging the specific contact of the head member supplying the current requisite for the operation of the tool on the selected instrument.

A further object of this invention is to provide a multiconductor electric -cable including a ground conductor and other conductors each supplying a different value of electric current, the cable being connected to the common head member with each current carrying conductor connected to a predetermined contact thereof and with the ground conductor connected to a metal part of the head member.

Another object of this invention relates to forming at least part of the casing of each instrument of metal with the electrical operating part or tool thereof grounded thereto and in providing the complemental interftting connection between each instrument and the common head member with a movable metal locking member that will ground the metal part of the :instrument casing with the metal part of the head member to which the ground conductor is connected.

Still another object of this invention is to so design the common head member, the casing of each of the dental instruments and the movable locking member as to provide a slender, hand-held instrument of great simplicity that is light in weight, easy to assemble and to manipulate and that is practical and eiiicient.

A still further object of this invention relates to the safety feature arising from the indexed registery of the interengaging contacts in the connection of any one of the plural dental instruments with the common head member which safeguards the patient in that the proper current is always supplied to the selected instrument when attached to the head member and the change from one instrument to another requires no 'manual adjustment of any voltage control or other electrical apparatus.

These and other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment when taken in 3,295,514 Patented Jan. 3, 1967 conjunction with vthe accompanying drawings in which FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of the common head or body member with attached electrical cable taken on line 1 1, FIG. 2,

FIG. 2 is ian end elevational view of the common head member showing the arrangement of the contact pins.

FIG. 3 is a transverse sectional view taken on line 3 3, FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the multi-conductor cable taken on line 4 4, FIG. 1.

FIG. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view of a pulp testing instrument with plug portion thereof taken on line 5 5, FIG. 6.

FIG. 6 is an end elevational view of the pulp testing instrument showing the contact socket arrangement aS seen from the right-hand end of FIG. 5.

FIG. 7 is an elevational view showing the pulp testing instrument connected to the common head or body member.

FIG. 8 is a longitudinal sectional view of an examination light instrument with the plug portion thereof, taken on line 8 8, FIG. 9.

FIG. 9 is an end elevational view of the examination light instrument showing the conta-ct socket arrangement as seen from the right-hand end of FIG. 8.

FIG. 10 is a longitudinal sectional view `of a cautery instrument with the plug portion thereof, taken on line 10 10 of FIG. 1l.

FIG. 1l is an end elevational view of the cautery instrument showing the contact socket arrangement as seen from the right-hand end of FIG. l0.

The plural electrical dental instrument assembly as illustrated in the drawings and described in detail hereinafter consists of a common head or body member 20, FIG. l, to which is selectively attached one of a plurality of `instruments such las a pulp tester, FIG. 5; an examination lig-ht, FIG. 8; or a cautery handpiece, FIG. 10. These instruments are selectively employed for individual connection to the common head member and each when connected becomes electrically operative for its intended purpose and together with the head member provides a manipulative hand-held instrumentality as shown in FIG. 7.

THE COMMON HEAD OR BODY MEMBER The common head or body member 20 shown in FIGS. 1-4 comprises a tubular metal housing 22 that is slightly tapered toward its rear end as at 24 and is interiorly formed to provide a forward internally threaded portion 26, an intermediate cylindrical portion 28 and a rear passage portion 30 of a diameter less than the intermediate portion 28. The interior portions 26, 28, 39 of the housing are coaxial with the intermediate portion 28 of a greater length than the forward and rear portions. Provided at the adjacent ends of the intermediate and rear portions 28, 30 is a frusto-conical shoulder 32.

Connected to the tapered end 24, is a multi-conductor electric cable 38 which includes a ground conductor 40, a pulp test conductor 42, a cautery conductor 44 and an examination light conductor 46, see FIG. 4. Preferably the cable 38 is covered with a nylon braid covering 48. One end portion of the cable 38, with a short length of the terminal end of each of the conductors exposed, is initially inserted through the tubular housing 22, and has iitted thereon a rubber sleeve Sil provided with a forward enlarged flanged head 52 and a rear tapered end 54. Disposed between the cable 38 and the inside diameter of the ilanged head 52 is a metal ring 56 for a purpose to be hereinafter described. As seen in FIG. 1, the terminal end 58 of the cable 38 projects forwardly beyond the rubber sleeve ange 52 and the forward edge of the metal ring 56 lies flush with the forwardface of `the flange 52,

Itive to the insulator body.

the metal ring 56 preferably engaging both the cable 38 and flange 52 in a friction-tight t.

Positioned over the cable terminal end 58 is a metal collar 60 having a rearwardly extendingthin walled sleeve 62 which completely receives therein the enlarged hanged head 52 of the rubber sleeve, with the forward face of the anged head abutting the inside face of the collar. The free terminal end of the extended sleeve 62 is crimped as at 64 over the rear edge of the flange 52 which is of frustoconical shape, the metal ring 56 serving as an abutment anchor for the compression of the flanged head and relieving the cable of any compressive forces. The crimped end 64 of the sleeve 62 thus provides a metallic shoulder complemental to the shoulder 32 and has seating engagement thereon for a purpose to be hereinafter described. It will be noted that the metal collar 60 with sleeve extension 62 has an outside diameter such as to have an easy sliding tit within the intermediate cylindrical portion 28 of the housing 22 and that when the crimped end 64 is seated on the shoulder 32 the tapered end portion 54 of the rubber sleeve 50 will project rearwardly outwardly of the tapered end 24 of the housing 22. The tapered end 54 of the rubber sleeve functions as a guard for the cable 38 preventing undue flexure and possible breaking of the cable at the tapered end of the housing.

Provided in the forward face of the metal collar 60 is an annular groove 66 and a substantially radial connecting groove 68 for receiving therein the exposed terminal end 70 of the ground conductor 40, see FIG. 3, which is permanently secured to the metal collar by soldering.

Carried within the intermediate cylindrical portion 28 of the housing 22 is a cylindrical insulator body '76 formed of any suitable plastic such as melamine and of an outside diameter such as to have a sliding ht within said intermediate portion. Provided at the rear end of the insulator body 76 is a cylindrical recess dening a pocket 78 for receiving the terminal ends of the current-carrying conductor 42, 44, 46 of the cable 38. Formed in the insulator body 76 are three longitudinal bores 80, 82, 84, parallel to the axis of the insulator body 76, and which extend completely therethrough as shown. Each bore is formed with increased diameter end portions to provide a front and rear shoulder, and the bore 80 is of a larger diameter than the other two bores 82, 84 which are of the same diameter.

Disposed respectively within the bores 80, 82, 84 are metal contact pins 86, 88, 90, pin 86 being of a larger diameter than the others. Each contact pin includes base 94 corresponding in diameter to its respective bore and is provided with a flange 96 adjacent its rear end adapted to seat on the rear shoulder of its associated bore, see FIG. 1. Provided on each contact pin is a ange 98 which lies in the plane of the forward face of the insulator body 76. A spring lock 100 is fitted between the flange 98 of each contact pin and the front shoulder of its associated bore for locking the contact pin against axial movement rela- It will be noted that the contact pins are arranged 120 apart, see FIG. 2, and are each of a length such as to project forwardly from the insulator body into the forward interiorly threaded portion 26 of the housing and slightly beyond the terminal forward end of the housing 22.

Prior to placement of the contact pins within their respective bores each has secured thereto the exposed terminal end of a current conductor of the cable 38. Thus, provided axially in the base 94 of each contact pin is a hole 102 into which is inserted the exposed terminal end of a current conductor which is soldered therein to effect a permanent connection. Accordingly it will be seen that the cautery conductor 44 is connected to the larger contact pin 86, the pulp test conductor 42 is connected to the contact pin 88 and the examination light conductor 46 is connected to the contact pin 90.

To secure the insulator body 76 with attached contact pins in position within the housing 22 there is provided an externally threaded metal sleeve 106 that is threaded into the forward interiorly threaded portion 26 of the housing. The sleeve 106 is provided at its rear end with an inwardly directed radial rear ange 108 and at its outer end with an outwardly directed radial forward flange 110, the sleeve 106 being of such a length that when the rear flange 108 abuts the forward face of the insulator body to clamp the same along with metal collar 60 to the housing 22, see FIG. 1, the forward ange 110 will be axially spaced from the forward terminal end of the housing 22. It will be noted that the contact pins extend partly into the sleeve 106 which provides a socket for the reception of an instrument plug as will be hereinatfer described.

Carried by the socket sleeve 106 is a metal coupling nut 114 of cylindri-cal form provided with a central threaded portion 116 and having at its rear end a radial flange 118 of a width corresponding to the thickness of the housing 22 and of an inside diameter such as to slidably and rotatably t on the sleevev 106. The nut 114 includes a rear shroud 120 that overlaps the exterior cylindrical surface of the housing 22 for all positions of the nut on the sleeve 106, the sleeve flange 110 and the forward terminal'end of the housing 22 serving as limit stops engageable by the nut flange 118. A shorter nut-like shroud 122 extends forwardly of the threaded portion 116 to overlieI a cylindrical portion of the casing surface of an instrument as will be hereinafter described. To facilitate manipulation of the coupling nut 14, the extension surface thereof is uted as at 124- The multi-conductor cable 38 at its other end is connected to a power unit 126, see FIG. 1, which will supply between 500 and 1000 volts to the pulp tester conductor 42; about 31/2 volts to the cautery conductor 44; and about 2 to 21/2 volts to the examination light conductor 46, all for a purpose as will hereinafter be described with regard to the corresponding instruments.

THE PULP TESTER Illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 6 is a pulp test instrument which has for its purpose the testing of the vitality of a tooth. In an instrument of this type and purpose a high voltage is necessary because of the possibilityof classifying a non-vital pulp as vital, a common occurrence in pulp testers employing a low voltage. In the herein described pulp testing instrument, an exemplary average operating current of about 600 volts is required for its normal operation but higher voltage is available. In the construction shown, the pulp test instrument 130 includes a tool consisting of an elongated tapered probe tip 132 of plastic such as melamine or any other suitable plastic material provided with a stainless steel core rod 134 projecting outwardly as at 136 from the probe tip.

Fitted over the rear end portion of the probe tip is a tapered tubular metal front body 138 which in turn carries at its 4rear end the forward end portion of a tubular Plexiglas member 140 having an intermediate annular lens portion 142. A tapered tubular metal rear body or sheath 144 having an internally threaded portion 146 is fitted over the rear portion of the Plexiglas member 140 with the threaded portion 146 engaging the threaded portions 148 of the Plexiglas member 140. As will be seen from FIG. 5, the adjacent terminal ends of the front and rear metal bodies abut the annular lens 142, the outer surface of which extends slightly beyond the tapered outerr manner as by an epoxy adhesive to the front metal body 138.

The rear end portion of the rear metal body 144 is provided with an outer cylindrical portion 160 and an outer threaded end portion 162 for a purpose to be hereinafter described. The metal block 159 provides an end wall of a cylindrical recess 164 at the end of the rea-r metal body 144.

A plastic base member or plug adapter 168 of melamine or other suitable plastic, provided with an intermediate annular flange 170, is secured in position within the cylindrical recess 164 by an epoxy adhesive or in any other desired manner, the flange 170 abutting the end portion 162 as shown. The portion of the plug adaptor extending rearwardly of the flange 170 constitutes a plug 172 that is dimensioned to t within the socket sleeve 106 of the head member 20. Fixedly secured within the plug 172 in a manner similar to that of the contact pins 86, 88, 90 arel three metal contact sockets 176, 178, 180 arranged l20 apart, and each is parallel to the axis of the plug adapter.

The contact sockets 176, 178, 180 are each complemental to the contact pins 86, 90 and 88 respectively of the common head member 20. Contact .socket 180, see FIG. 5, includes a spring pressed metal button 182 that bears against the face of metal block 159, and will thus conduct current to the neon bulb 152. In this respect contact socket 180 is a live socket and will hereinafter be referred to as such. The other two contact sockets 176 and 178 have no electrical connection whatsoever with the operating parts of the pulp tested instrument and are in this respect neutral and will hereinafter be referred to as such.

Thus, it will be seen that, with the plug 172 plugged into the socket sleeve 106 of the head member 20, there can only be one predetermined position thereof with respect to the head member 20 by virtue of the mating interengagement of the larger diameter contact pin 86 with the larger diameter contact socket 176, and accordingly only the requisite exemplary current of about 600 volts supplied by the pulp test conductor 42 will be transmitted from contact pin 88 to the live contact socket 180 to effect operation of the pulp test instrument. The other two contact sockets 176, 178 being neutraL their mating engagement with current carrying contact pins 86 and 90 respectively will have no effect.

It thus is seen that the described contact pins and contact sockets make up a patte-med arrangement, with the corresponding contact pin 86 and contact socket 176 being of larger size than the other providing for an indexed registry of the pulp test instrument 130 with respect to the head member 20 in its connection thereto.

It is to be understood that, with plug 172 plugged .into socket sleeve 106 of the head member 20, both thel pulp test instrument 130 and head member 20 are securely held together by the threaded engagement of the coupling nut 114 with the threads 162 on the rear metal body 144, the forward shroud 122 of the nut riding on and overlapping the cylindrical portion 160 of the rear body 144; the joined pulp test instrument and head member being shown in FIG. 7. It will be apparent that the combined instrument of FIG. 7 is so dimensioned as to be easily hand-held and is manipulatable to any desired position in the use thereof. In the connecting together of the pulp test instrument with the head member 20 by threading of the metal coupling 114 on the threads 162 of the rear metal body 144, the rear metal body 144, which in effect constitutes a handle for the pulp test instrument, is grounded to the ground conductor 40 through the metal-to-metal Contact of nut 114, sleeve 106, housing 22 and metal collar part 60 of the head member, see FIG. l.

v In the use of the pulp test instrument the circuit is completed by the dentist or operator holding the instrument against the tooth to be tested and touching the patient bodily. vTo indicate that the pulp test instrument is operat-ive the neon bulb 152 will light up and the light will thus be visible through the annular lens 142. This construction is but one of a number of different types of indicating means which may be used for purposes of permitting ready and visual observation that the circuit in the instrument has been completed and that the instrument is functioning.

THEl EXAMINATION LIGHT INSTRUMENT In FIGS. 8 and 9, there is illustrated an examination light instrument 190 that requires for its operation an exemplary current of about 2 or 21/2 volts. The examination light instrument 190 consists of an elongated forwardly tapered tubular metal casing or sheath 192 having a central bore 194 therein extending longitudinally `from the forward end inwardly, merging with additional stepped bores 196 and 198. Supported at the forward end of the casing 192 is a mirror mount 198 which carries a magnifying mirror 200 disposed at an inclination in forwardly spaced relation to the front end of casing 192. The rear end of the casing 192 is enlarged and exteriorly threaded as at 202 and formed with a short cylindrical portion 204.

Between stepped bores 196 and 198 is an annular shoulder 212 which receives an insulating plug 214 provided with an axial opening 216 which receives and supports the .inner end of a contact rod 218 having a head 220 abuttable with plug 214 to limit the movement of said rod in one direction. Preferably press-fitted onto the forward end of rod 218 is an insulating bushing 221 which is movable, guidably, relative to the interior of a metallic lamp socket sleeve 222 which .is press-fitted or otherwise secured to the outer end of casing 192 so as to project beyond the end thereof for a purpose to be described. An internally threaded lamp socket 223 is secured within the outer end of sleeve 222, such as by press-fitting it therein, to receive the threaded end of a suitable miniature size electric lamp bulb 224.

Positioned and secured within theI rear terminal end portion of the casing 192, by suitable cement or the like, is a base member or plug adapter 16811 which is substantially identical in all respects to the plug adapter 168 of the pulp test instrument shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, and has contact sockets 17641, 178:1 and 180a carried by plug 172:1 which correspond in dimensions and arrangement with the contact sockets 176, 178 and 180 carried by plug 172 of plug adapter 168. In the examination light instrument l 190, contact socket 178g is the live contact socket while the other two contact sockets 176g and 180a are neutral Plug adapter 16801 has a plurality of bores formed in the inner end thereof and into which the various contact sockets 17651, 1'78a and 180a are pushed for firm seating therein. Within one of such bores 225, a movable contact 226 is mounted for projection from the inner end of plug adapter 16841. A suitable coil spring 228 within bore 225 urges contact 226 outwardly into contact with head 220 of contact rod 218, whereby a circuit is established to supply current from the live contact socket l17811 to lamp bulb 224 through theinterengaging spring 228, contact 226, head 220, and contact rod 218, the outer end of which is urged by spring 228 forwardly into contacting engagementwith the bottom of base of lamp bulb 224. The shell of the base of lamp bulb 224 is grounded through metal casing 192, thereby completing the lamp circuit.

Accordingly, when plug 172a is inserted into socket sleeve 106 of the common head member 20, the indexing registry of the Contact sockets with the contact pins will provide that the 2-21/2 volt current supplied by the examination light conductor 46 of multi-conductor cable 38 will be transmitted through the mating interengagement of contact socket 178g with contact pin 9,0 to transmit the current through coil spring 228 and the circuit-completing members described above extending from said spring to lamp bulb base 220, thereby energizing lamp bulb 224. The contact sockets 176g and 180a are neutral and thus the corresponding mating engagement of the same with contact pins 86, 88 will be of no effect. Mirror 200 includes a split sleeve 230 which frictionally engages sleeve 222 for support thereby.

When the plug 172er of instrument 190 is plugged into the socket sleeve 106 of the common head member 20, the casing 192and the head or base member 20 are connected together by the coupling nut 114, the threads 116 of which threadably engage the outer threads 210 of the housing sleeve 206, with the forward shroud 122 of the coupling nut riding over and overlapping the cylindrical surface portion 204 of the casing 192. As with the pulp testing instrument 130, the connection of the coupling nut 114 to the casing 192 will effect grounding of the metal casing 192 to the ground conductor 40. Also, as with the pulp testing instrument 130, the joining together of the e-xamination light instrument 190 with the common head member 20 will provide a hand-held assembly similar to that of FIG. 7 and easily manipulatable in all directions.

THE CAUTERY INSTRUMENT In FIGS. l and 1l there is illustra-ted a cautery instrument 240 that requires for its operation an exemplary current of 31/2 volt-s. The cautery instrument 240 consists of :a tubular forwardly tapered metal casing or sheath 242 carrying at its forward end an elongated slightly tapered plastic nose piece 244 made of melamine or any other suitable plastic material. Extending longitudinally Wi-thin the nose piece 244 are a pair of transversely spaced small diameter metal tubes 246, 248. Positioned and soldered within the forward end of each metal tube are metal socket members 250, 252 respectively, the outer ends of which lie liush with the terminal end of -the nose piece. A removable end member 256 of like plastic material carries two rearwardly extending contact pins 258, 260 adapted to respectively mate within the socket members 250, 252. A =tool comprising an exemplary nickel-chromium resistance wire loop provides a cauterizing'tip 264, the end of the wire being each rigidly secured to a base of the contact pins 258, 260 by brazing or otherwise.

As will be apparent from FIG. 10, the end member 256 is removable to permit tip 264 to be replaced, the shape and dimensions of the end member 256 being such as to be coextensive with the outer surface of the nose piece 244 when abutting the terminal end thereof. The inner end of the nose piece 244 is of reduced diameter and is secured Within the forward end portion of the easing 242 -by means of an epoxy adhesive vor the like. The two metal tubes 246, 248 preferably lie in the same vertical plane and extend rearwardly beyond the inner end of the nose piece 244 into the casing 242. The end of the upper me-tal tube 246 is flattened as at 266 to provide a contact and is held spaced from the end 268 of the lower metal tube 248 by an insulating sleeve 270 surrounding the same.

, The rear end portion of the casing 242 is formed inte- 4riorly with a cylindrical bore 272 larger in diameter than the central cylindrical chamber 274 to deiine a shoulder 276. Seated against the shoulder 276 at the inner end of bore 272 is a metal ring 278 that is secured in place by solder or otherwise. The wall of the casing 242 opposite the flattened end 266 is slotted a-s at 280 to receive therein a switch button 284 having on its underside a metal contact bar 286. A leaf spring 288 is secured at one end by soldering or otherwise to the metal ring 278 and its other end is secured in metal to metal contact with the contact bar 286, the leaf spring 288 acting to normally hold the switch button 284 spaced from the flattened end 266 which as indicated serves as a mating contact. Provided exter-iorly at the rear end portion of the casing 242 is a cylindrical portion 290 and a threaded portion 292.

Positioned within the bore 272 at the rear end of casing 242 is :a base member or plug adapter 168b identical in all respectto the hereinabove described plug adapter 168 of the pulp test instrument of FIGS. 5 and 6, with the contact sockets 176b, 178b and 180b carried by plug 172b, corresponding in dimensions and arrangement with the contact sockets 176, 178, 180 ycarried by plug 172 of plug adapter 168. In the cautery instrument 240, contact socket 176b is the live contact socket while the other two contact sockets 178b and 180!) are neutral Thus, a conductor 296 positioned within lcasing chamber 274 and passing above leaf spring 288 has one terminal exposed end 298 connected to contact socket 17-6b in any suitable manner and its other terminal exposed end 300 inserted into the rear end 268 of lower metal tube 248 and secured therein by soldering or otherwise.

Accordingly when plug 1721 is inserted into socket sleeve 106 of the common head member 20, the indexing registry of the contact sockets with the contact pins will provide that the 31/2 volt current supplied by the cautery conductor 44 of multiconductor cable 38 will be transmitted :through the mating interengagement of contact socket 176b with contact pin 86 to transmit the current to the lower metal tube 248 and to -the cautery tip 264, the circuit being closed on depression of the switch button 284 to engage contact bar 286 with Contact 266 comprising the flattened end of upper metal tube 246. The contact sockets 178b and 180b being neutralized, the corresponding mating engagement of the same with contact pins and 88 respectively will be of no effect.

With the plug 172b plugged into the socket sleeve 106 of the common head member 20, the casing 242 and the head member 20 are completely connected together by the coupling nut 114, the threads 116 of which threadablyengage the threads 292 at rear end of casing 242, with the forward shroud 122 of the coupling nut riding over and overlapping the cylindrical surface portion 290 of the casing 242. As with the above-described pulp test instrument and examination light instrument, the tightening of the coupling nut 114 on the metal casing 242 will effect grounding of the casing byr connection thereof to the ground conductor 40. Similarly, as with each of said other two instruments, the joining together of the cautery instrument 240 with the common head member 20 will provide a hand-held assembly similar to that of FIG. 7 `and easily manipulatable in all directions.

While a preferred embodiment of the invention has been described in detail and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, it is to =be understood that the invention contemplates such change-s as having a socket sleeve with contact pins at the rear end of each instrument, and providing the head member with a common plug carrying the contact sockets, the pattern arrangement and indexing registry` being the same. Also the male and female form of contacts as employed in the preferred described embodiment may be replaced with any other suitable type of interengaging contacts. Further, the multi-conductor cablel need not carry a different voltage for each conductor but may equally as well carry different currents, i.e., certain conductors may carry A.C. While other conductors may carry D.C., depending upon the type of instrument, its function and current requirement. Accordingly such changes as noted hereinabove and other modiiications may be Iresorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention, the scope of which is set forth in the annexed claims.

We claim:

1. An interchangeable plural electrical dental instrument assembly wherein each instrument is used individually and requires current of a different type from the others, comprising in combination:

(a) a common body member,

(b) aplurality of electrical instruments having electrical means respectively for performing different dental operations .and each having similar base members 4all complementary to said body member and selectively and commonly engageable therewith,

(c) a plurality of sets of separable co-engageable contacts arranged with one contact -of each set carried by said body member in a patterned arrangement and duplicates of the other contact of each set being carried respectively by said base members in similar patterns comprising indexing means to insure similar positioning of all said base members of said different dental instruments with said body member,

(d) a multi-conductor exible electric cable connected at one end to said body member with the corresponding ends of said conductors connected to the contacts on said body member and the opposite ends of said conductors respectively being connectable to suitable sources of different types of current respectively of -the type required by said different dental instruments,

and

(e) a different one of the contacts of the patterned arrangement of contacts carried by each of said base members of said instruments being connected to the electrical means in said instruments and the other contacts thereon being unconnected with said electrical means, whereby connection -of each dental instrument to its intended type of current carried by said electric lcable is insured.

2. A dental instrument assembly for a plurality of interchangeable electrical dental instruments wherein each instrument is used individually and each requires current of a different type for its operation, comprising in combination:

(a) a common body member having a metal part secured thereto,

(b) a plurality of electrical contacts mounted within said body member in a patterned arrangement,

(c) means for insulating said contacts from said body member,

(d) a plurality of dental instruments each having a different electrical dental tool at one end and a ibase member at the other end thereof,

(e) a plurality of contacts mounted within each base member 'in a patterned arrangement complementary to the contacts in said body member and adapted to be engaged therewith, a different selected one of the contacts of each base member being electrically connected to the tool on that instrument and the other contacts on each base member being unconnected with said tool and having only -a guiding and positioning function whereby connection of each instrument to the required type of current for its tool is insured,

(f) a plural conductor exible electrical cable connected at one end to said body member, one of said conductors being connected to said metal part and thus serving as a ground connection for said instruments, the remaining conductors in said cable being connected one to each of said body member contacts, the yother ends of said remaining conductors being connected respectively to suitable sources of electrical current, each of said sources of current supplying a different type of current to each contact as required respectively by said different dental instruments,

(g) the patterned arrangement of contacts on said body member and the corresponding patterned arrangement of contacts on said base members constituting an indexing and aligning means to insure similar positioning of all said different dental instruments with -respect to said body member and its contacts, and

(h) means on said body member for interchangeably securing the said instruments thereto with each instrument thus adapted to receive only its required type of current by interengagement of the live selected contact element thereof with its corresponding mating contact in the body member.

3. A plural interchangeable electrical dental instrument assembly wherein each instrument is used separately and requires current of a different type from the others, cornprising in combination;

(a) a common body member having a socket at one end thereof,

(b) a plurality of electrical contacts and an insulating body supporting said contacts in fixed position within said socket ina patterned arrangement,

(c) a plural conductor flexible electric cable secured to the other end of said body member, one of said conductors serving as a ground connection, the remaining conductors in said cable being connected one to each of said contacts,

(d) a source of electric current, means for connecting the opposite ends of said remaining conductors to said source of current and current supply means interposed between said exible cable and said source of electric current for supplying each conductor with a different type of electric current as required respectively by said different dental instruments,

(e) a plurality of dental instruments each having a different electricaldental tool at one end thereof and a plug member at the other end thereof for engagement with said socket, a plurality of contacts mounted in each plug member in a patterned arrangement complementary to the contacts in said socket member and adapted to be engaged therewith, the patterned arrangement of contacts constituting an indexing and aligning means to insure similar positioning of all said different dental instruments with respect to said socket,

(f) only one contact element in the plug of each instrument being live and in electrical connection with the tool on said instrument and the live contact element for each plug being a different one,

(g) the other contact elements in each plug being neutral, whereby upon selection of any one instrument for use and the insertion of the plug thereof into said socket, the engagement of the live contact element therein with its complementary mating contact pin will provide the required current for operation of the tool on said instrument.

4. The plural interchangeable electrical dental instrument assembly of claim 3 wherein the patterned arrangement of contacts in said socket includes at least one contact of a shape distinct from the others, so that said distinctly shaped contact when engaged with a corresponding contact element carried by an instrument plug serves to identically position the plug of each instrument in said socket.

5. The plural interchangeable electrical dental instrument assembly ofA claim 3 wherein a metal collar is seated in contact with said common body member and wherein said ground connection conductor in said flexible cable has a termin-al end thereof connected to said metal collar.

6. The plural interchangeable electrical dental instrument assembly of claim 5 wherein said common body member includes an elongated housing at least a portion of which is metallic, each said instrument includes an elongated sheath at least a portion of which is metallic and there is provided a metallic coupling means for joining said body member selectively to each instrument, the said housing, sheath and coupling means being in metalto-metal contact to provide a ground connection for said instruments.

7. The plural interchangeable electrical dental instrument assembly of claim 3 wherein said contacts of said body member and plug members of said dental instruments are of the pin and socket types frictionally coeng-ageable with each other and all of said pin type 4contacts are carried by said body member within the socket thereof to protect the same and all of the socket type contacts being carried by said plug members for frictional reception of said pin type contacts when the plug member of a selected dental instrument is inserted within the socket of said body member for operative connection thereto.

8. The plural interch-angeable electrical dental instrument assembly of claim 7 wherein the outer ends of said pin type contacts do not project beyond the walls dening the socket of said body member and the outer ends of said socket type contacts not projecting substantially beyond the outer ends of said plug members of said instruments.

9. A receptacle assembly for a plurality of interchangeable electrical dental instruments each requiring a different electric current for its operation, comprising in combination:

(a) a body member having a metal part secured there- (b) a plurality of electrical contacts mounted in said body and exposed at one end thereof in position for mating engagment with corresponding contacts on said dental instruments,

(c) means for insulating said contacts from said body member,

(d) acomposite, flexible electrical cable having a plurality of separate electrical conductors extending throughout its length, said cable being connected at -one end to said body member, one of said conductors being connected to said metal part and thus serving -as a ground connection for said instruments, the remaining conductors being connected one to each of said contacts, the other ends of said remaining separate conductors being connected respectively to suit- .able sources of electrical current, each of said sources of current supplying a different type of current to each contact as required respectively by said different dental instruments.

10. The receptacle assembly of claim 9 wherein said body member has a socket at one end thereof and wherein said conta-cts comprise contact pins within said socket.

11. The receptacle assembly of claim 9 wherein one of said contacts is of a configuration distinct from the others 5 for mating engagement with a corresponding contact element carried by an instrument whereby to insure similar positioning of all said instruments with respect to said body member.

12. The receptacle assembly of claim 9 wherein said 15 said body member.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,949,107 8/ 1960 Ziegler 12S-2.1 3,064,641 11/1962 Manenti et al 12S-2.1 3,094,115 6/1963 Polin 12S-2.1 3,128,759 4/1964 Bellis 12S-2.1 3,234,356 2/ 1966 Babb 219-233 25 RICHARD A. GAUDET, Primary Examiner.

SIMON BRODER, Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. AN INTERCHANGEABLE PLURAL ELECTRICAL DENTAL INSTRUMENT ASSEMBLY WHEREIN EACH INSTRUMENT IS USED INDIVIDUALLY AND REQUIRES CURRENT OF A DIFFERENT TYPE FROM THE OTHERS, COMPRISING IN COMBINATION: (A) A COMMON BODY MEMBER, (B) A PLURALITY OF ELECTRICAL INSTRUMENTS HAVING ELECTRICAL MEANS RESPECTIVELY FOR PERFORMING DIFFERENT DENTAL OPERATIONS AND EACH HAVING SIMILAR BASE MEMBERS ALL COMPLEMENTARY TO SAID BODY MEMBER AND SELECTIVELY AND COMMONLY ENGAGEABLE THEREWITH, (C) A PLURALITY OF SETS OF SEPARABLE CO-ENGAGEABLE CONTACTS ARRANGED WITH ONE CONTACT OF EACH SET CARRIED BY SAID BODY MEMBER IN A PATTERNED ARRANGEMENT AND DUPLICATES OF THE OTHER CONTACT OF EACH SET BEING CARRIED RESPECTIVELY BY SAID BASE MEMBERS IN SIMILAR PATTERNS COMPRISING INDEXING MEANS TO INSURE SIMILAR POSITIONING OF ALL SAID BASE MEMBERS OF SAID DIFFERENT DENTAL INSTRUMENTS WITH SAID BODY MEMBER, (D) A MULTI-CONDUCTOR FLEXIBLE ELECTRIC CABLE CONNECTED AT ONE END TO SAID BODY MEMBER WITH THE CORRESPONDING ENDS OF SAID CONDUCTORS CONNECTED TO THE CONTACTS ON SAID BODY MEMBER AND THE OPPOSITE ENDS OF SAID CONDUCTORS RESPECTIVELY BEING CONNECTABLE TO SUITABLE SOURCES OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF CURRENT RESPECTIVELY OF THE TYPE REQUIRED BY SAID DIFFERENT DENTAL INSTRUMENTS, AND (E) A DIFFERENT ONE OF THE CONTACTS OF THE PATTERNED ARRANGEMENT OF CONTACTS CARRIED BY EACH OF SAID BASE MEMBERS OF SAID INSTRUMENTS BEING CONNECTED TO THE ELECTRICAL MEANS IN SAID INSTRUMENTS AND THE OTHER CONTACTS THEREON BEING UNCONNECTED WITH SAID ELECTRICAL MEANS, WHEREBY CONNECTION OF EACH DENTAL INSTRUMENT TO ITS INTENDED TYPE OF CURRENT CARRIED BY SAID ELECTRIC CABLE IS INSURED
US3295514A 1964-06-08 1964-06-08 Electrical dental instrument assembly Expired - Lifetime US3295514A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3295514A US3295514A (en) 1964-06-08 1964-06-08 Electrical dental instrument assembly

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3295514A US3295514A (en) 1964-06-08 1964-06-08 Electrical dental instrument assembly

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3295514A true US3295514A (en) 1967-01-03

Family

ID=23472482

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3295514A Expired - Lifetime US3295514A (en) 1964-06-08 1964-06-08 Electrical dental instrument assembly

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3295514A (en)

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3461874A (en) * 1966-08-10 1969-08-19 Miguel Martinez Electric cautery
US3494364A (en) * 1967-11-09 1970-02-10 Weck & Co Inc Edward Handle component for electro-surgical instrument
US3634938A (en) * 1970-08-19 1972-01-18 Seymour M Hutchinson Dental handpiece
FR2105283A1 (en) * 1970-09-05 1972-04-28 Siemens Ag
US3682162A (en) * 1968-12-13 1972-08-08 Wellcome Found Combined electrode and hypodermic syringe needle
US3807404A (en) * 1973-03-12 1974-04-30 Whaledent Inc Probe unit for electro-surgical device
DE2549177A1 (en) * 1975-11-03 1977-05-05 Siemens Ag Coupling device for Dental Lab Handpieces
US4108181A (en) * 1977-01-28 1978-08-22 Unicare Systems, Inc. Cautery device for ophthalmic or the like surgical application
US4164214A (en) * 1977-07-25 1979-08-14 The Regents Of The University Of California Method and apparatus for measuring the sensitivity of teeth
US4177799A (en) * 1977-07-25 1979-12-11 Masreliez Carl J Dental pulp tester
US4347842A (en) * 1980-02-15 1982-09-07 Mark Beale Disposable electrical surgical suction tube and instrument
US4359052A (en) * 1976-01-26 1982-11-16 Concept Inc. Removable tip cautery
US4375964A (en) * 1979-02-16 1983-03-08 Syntex (U.S.A.) Inc. Dental instrument having a lamp assembly suspension including vibration and thermal isolation means
US4449926A (en) * 1980-09-02 1984-05-22 Weiss Peter A Dental electrosurgery electrodes and method of use
US4609352A (en) * 1983-05-25 1986-09-02 Francesco Riitano Rigid dental tool provided with inner guide core for carrying out the reaming and rectification of dental root canals
US4669449A (en) * 1986-02-18 1987-06-02 Jack Bauman Submergible laryngoscope metallic housing for fiber optics power source
US4688569A (en) * 1986-06-09 1987-08-25 Medi-Tech, Inc. Finger actuated surgical electrode holder
US4694822A (en) * 1986-04-01 1987-09-22 Jack Bauman Submergible laryngoscope battery housing
EP0294548A1 (en) * 1987-04-21 1988-12-14 Dentsply International, Inc. Single multi-function handpiece for dental instruments
US5090904A (en) * 1990-02-09 1992-02-25 Young Dental Manufacturing Company Autoclavable air polisher handpiece
US5401273A (en) * 1993-03-01 1995-03-28 Shippert; Ronald D. Cauterizing instrument for surgery
US20050015080A1 (en) * 2003-07-16 2005-01-20 Paul Ciccone Device for cutting or heating medical implants
US20060063126A1 (en) * 2004-09-17 2006-03-23 Aloise Carlos A Medical treatment apparatus and needle manufacturing method
US20070049927A1 (en) * 2005-08-31 2007-03-01 Saltzman Darin J Electrosurgical pencil with a light
US20070248934A1 (en) * 2004-05-28 2007-10-25 Bien-Air Holding Sa Pipe and Universal Coupling for Supplying instruments for Dental or Surgical Use

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2949107A (en) * 1953-04-06 1960-08-16 Ritter Co Inc Apparatus for determining the vitality of teeth
US3064641A (en) * 1953-01-27 1962-11-20 Manenti Ciriaco Electrical diagnosticator
US3094115A (en) * 1960-06-08 1963-06-18 Herbert S Polin Tooth mobility indicator
US3128759A (en) * 1961-03-10 1964-04-14 White S Dental Mfg Co Tooth vitality determining device
US3234356A (en) * 1963-05-07 1966-02-08 Raymond F Babb Electrically heated medical implement

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3064641A (en) * 1953-01-27 1962-11-20 Manenti Ciriaco Electrical diagnosticator
US2949107A (en) * 1953-04-06 1960-08-16 Ritter Co Inc Apparatus for determining the vitality of teeth
US3094115A (en) * 1960-06-08 1963-06-18 Herbert S Polin Tooth mobility indicator
US3128759A (en) * 1961-03-10 1964-04-14 White S Dental Mfg Co Tooth vitality determining device
US3234356A (en) * 1963-05-07 1966-02-08 Raymond F Babb Electrically heated medical implement

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3461874A (en) * 1966-08-10 1969-08-19 Miguel Martinez Electric cautery
US3494364A (en) * 1967-11-09 1970-02-10 Weck & Co Inc Edward Handle component for electro-surgical instrument
US3682162A (en) * 1968-12-13 1972-08-08 Wellcome Found Combined electrode and hypodermic syringe needle
US3634938A (en) * 1970-08-19 1972-01-18 Seymour M Hutchinson Dental handpiece
FR2105283A1 (en) * 1970-09-05 1972-04-28 Siemens Ag
US3807404A (en) * 1973-03-12 1974-04-30 Whaledent Inc Probe unit for electro-surgical device
FR2221112A1 (en) * 1973-03-12 1974-10-11 Whaledent Inc
DE2549177A1 (en) * 1975-11-03 1977-05-05 Siemens Ag Coupling device for Dental Lab Handpieces
US4359052A (en) * 1976-01-26 1982-11-16 Concept Inc. Removable tip cautery
US4108181A (en) * 1977-01-28 1978-08-22 Unicare Systems, Inc. Cautery device for ophthalmic or the like surgical application
US4164214A (en) * 1977-07-25 1979-08-14 The Regents Of The University Of California Method and apparatus for measuring the sensitivity of teeth
US4177799A (en) * 1977-07-25 1979-12-11 Masreliez Carl J Dental pulp tester
US4375964A (en) * 1979-02-16 1983-03-08 Syntex (U.S.A.) Inc. Dental instrument having a lamp assembly suspension including vibration and thermal isolation means
US4347842A (en) * 1980-02-15 1982-09-07 Mark Beale Disposable electrical surgical suction tube and instrument
US4449926A (en) * 1980-09-02 1984-05-22 Weiss Peter A Dental electrosurgery electrodes and method of use
US4609352A (en) * 1983-05-25 1986-09-02 Francesco Riitano Rigid dental tool provided with inner guide core for carrying out the reaming and rectification of dental root canals
US4669449A (en) * 1986-02-18 1987-06-02 Jack Bauman Submergible laryngoscope metallic housing for fiber optics power source
US4729367A (en) * 1986-02-18 1988-03-08 Jack Bauman Submergible laryngoscope with handle fluid sealing means
US4694822A (en) * 1986-04-01 1987-09-22 Jack Bauman Submergible laryngoscope battery housing
US4688569A (en) * 1986-06-09 1987-08-25 Medi-Tech, Inc. Finger actuated surgical electrode holder
EP0294548A1 (en) * 1987-04-21 1988-12-14 Dentsply International, Inc. Single multi-function handpiece for dental instruments
US5090904A (en) * 1990-02-09 1992-02-25 Young Dental Manufacturing Company Autoclavable air polisher handpiece
US5401273A (en) * 1993-03-01 1995-03-28 Shippert; Ronald D. Cauterizing instrument for surgery
US20050015080A1 (en) * 2003-07-16 2005-01-20 Paul Ciccone Device for cutting or heating medical implants
US20070248934A1 (en) * 2004-05-28 2007-10-25 Bien-Air Holding Sa Pipe and Universal Coupling for Supplying instruments for Dental or Surgical Use
US8517731B2 (en) * 2004-05-28 2013-08-27 Bien-Air Holding Sa Pipe and universal coupling for supplying instruments for dental or surgical use
US20060063126A1 (en) * 2004-09-17 2006-03-23 Aloise Carlos A Medical treatment apparatus and needle manufacturing method
US20060269893A1 (en) * 2004-09-17 2006-11-30 Ormco Corporation Medical treatment apparatus and needle manufacturing method
US7448867B2 (en) * 2004-09-17 2008-11-11 Ormco Corporation Medical treatment apparatus
US20070049927A1 (en) * 2005-08-31 2007-03-01 Saltzman Darin J Electrosurgical pencil with a light

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3254646A (en) Dental syringes
US5064424A (en) Electro-surgical instrument
US5026371A (en) Handle for polypectome snare with bipolar electrodes
US2761111A (en) Breakaway connector
US4325374A (en) High frequency electrosurgical instrument for an endoscope
US4122856A (en) Surgical instrument and method of assembly thereof
US5383923A (en) Steerable catheter having puller wire with shape memory
US3673546A (en) Electrical connectors
US4158763A (en) Curved nozzle welding gun
US3901242A (en) Electric surgical instrument
US4958624A (en) Interchangeable laryngeal blade
EP0467501A1 (en) Polypectome snare with bipolar electrodes
US5196007A (en) Electrosurgical handpiece with activator
US4657016A (en) Electrosurgical handpiece for blades, needles and forceps
US4905691A (en) Polypectome snare with bipolar electrodes
US2238834A (en) Electric connector plug
US1620828A (en) High-frequency vesical electrode
US5857962A (en) Resectoscope with curved electrode channel and resiliently deflectable electrode section
US5267998A (en) Medical high frequency coagulation cutting instrument
US2690542A (en) Electrical connector
US3103723A (en) Inspection device
US5243995A (en) Guide probe and clamping bushing for ecg controlled positioning
US4993645A (en) Spray coating device for electrostatic spray coating
US4116198A (en) Electro - surgical device
US1366231A (en) Sterilizable cautery