US3286728A - Slot type reed valve - Google Patents

Slot type reed valve Download PDF

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US3286728A
US3286728A US268362A US26836263A US3286728A US 3286728 A US3286728 A US 3286728A US 268362 A US268362 A US 268362A US 26836263 A US26836263 A US 26836263A US 3286728 A US3286728 A US 3286728A
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reed
port
plate
seat
closing
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US268362A
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Donald K Stephenson
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Outboard Marine Corp
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Outboard Marine Corp
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K15/00Check valves
    • F16K15/14Check valves with flexible valve members
    • F16K15/16Check valves with flexible valve members with tongue-shaped laminae
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7837Direct response valves [i.e., check valve type]
    • Y10T137/7879Resilient material valve
    • Y10T137/7888With valve member flexing about securement
    • Y10T137/7891Flap or reed
    • Y10T137/7892With stop

Description

Nov. 22, 1966 D. K. STEPHENSON SLOT TYPE REED VALVE Filed March 27, 1963 INVENTOR.

W, M24 m ATTORNEY? United States Pfltfiflt F Filed Mar. 27, 1963, Ser. No. 268,362 2 Claims. 01. 131-s2s.s

The invention relates to reed valves. Generally speaking, a reed valve is a form of check valve comprising a flexible valve leaf or reed member mounted at one side of a port. and operated by pressure differential to and from engagement with a seat to control flow'through the port. In moving from its open position to its closed pOSltion, the reed member does not pivot upon a fixed axis but upon an axiswhich progressively approaches the port.

The invention seeks to attain increased reed member life by reducing as far as possible such stress loading as occurs during operation. More particularly, increased reed member life is attained in accordance with the invention by means providing for the elimination of, or at least a reduction in, reed member failure by reason of the formation of cracks or fissures extending inwardly from the periphery of the reed member. Such failure is believed to be occasioned by fatigue resulting from repeated heavy stress loading. 7

Reed valves are employed in many areas, including combustion air-intake arrangements in engines such as chain saw engines and outboard motor engines, which engines often operate at rates as high as 4,800 cycles per minute and sometimes at higher speeds. While the pressure conditions causing reed valve operation are generally not very high, it is common for the reed member to dish into the port after closure of the valve. Such dishing generally involves curvature about more than one axis and raisin-g of at least a portion of the reed periphery from the seat and into an area of less magnitudethan that which it occupied when flat. Such action creates a fluted or undulating configuration along the reed member periphery. As a result, it is believed that relatively heavy stresses are created, particularly in the form ofstress waves along the periphery of the reed.

Reduction of the maximum stress loading occurring during each cycle can be obtained in accordance with the invention in several ways which, when combined, cooperate to provide optimum reduction in the maximum stress experienced during. each operationalcycle.

A very significant contribution to maximum stress reduction can be obtained by limiting the amount or extent of lap between the periphery of the reed member and its associated seat. In this regard, the lesser the amount of lap, the lesser the extent to which the reed member periphery is raisable from the valve seat in response to dishing of the reed member into the port. Such lap is desirably limited to within a range from about .045 inch to about .010 inch. The lower figure represents a practical limit from the viewpoint of manufacturing tolerance and effective operation. Use of a lap of about .020 inch has been found to provide a significant increase in reed member life, as compared with conventional valves in least .065 inch and is commonly substantially in excess of .065 inch. which the lap between the reed member and the seat isat Limitation of lap between the reedrnernber andthe seat surrounding the port has also been found to result in an increased amount of wear along the periphery of the reed member, at least during initial operation of the reed valve. As fatigue is considered, at least initially, to be a surface condition, it is possible that the rate of wear is faster, when a limited lap is employed, than the rate of development of fatigue in the wearing surface. It isialso "ice possible that such wear serves to work harden the lapping surface of the reed member and thereby inhibit the development of a fatigue in the wearing surface.

Reduction in valve'member stress can also be obtained in accordance with the invention by formation of the reed member and its associated port and seat so as to limit reed member fiexure, when the reed member is in portclosing position, either by substantially preventing dishing, or by substantially limiting such dishing to fiexure about a single axis. Prevention of reed member dishing or fiexure, when the reed member is seated, can be obtained by formation of the port with a seat which, with respect to the reed member, is convexly curved about a single axis extending parallel to the axis about which the reed member flexes to close the port. Consequently, during progressive closing of the port, the reed member assumes a curvature which serves to rigidify it against curvature about more than one axis, therefore tending to preclude displacement or dishing inwardly of the port. Alternatively, the reed member can be preformed to provide rigidity against fiexure about more than one axis.

Limitation of dishing to curvature about a single axis can be obtained in large measure by formation of the port so that all or a substantial portion of the edge of the port lies in the surface of an imaginary curved surface, such as for example, a cylindrical or hyperbolic surface, which surface is concave with respect to the reed member. One arrangement for accomplishing this result employs an elongated port configuration with at least one rectilinear edge which extends lengthwise of the port and which tends to serve to establish reed member fiexure about a single axis parallel to said edges along the major part of the length of the port inwardly of the ends of the port. With this configuration, reed member flexure can be limitedat the ends of the port-closing portion to curvature about a single axis by forming the end edges of the port so as to lie in an imaginary curved surface which includes said rectilinear edge. For best results, the edge of the port opposite to said rectilinear edges also lies in said imaginary curved surface.

Increased stress reduction can also be obtained in accordance with the invention by reduction in impact occurring incident to seating of the reed member. Reduction in impact can be obtained either by reducing the reed valve velocity at the time of impact or by extending the time interval of impact.

Reduction in reed member velocity at the time of impact can be obtained by limiting the area of the reed member which is subject to the pressure differential causing reed member travel relative to its seat. One arrangement for attaining this result is to limit lap. Another arrangement includes provision for porting the reed member in the area between its hinged connection to the rigid member and the adjacent edge of the controlled port. Such limitation of lap and porting of the reed member 1 serve to reduce the over-all reed member area subject to the action of any pressure differential. Consequently, the applied force and resultant velocity relative to the valve seat is also reduced. Reduction in impact stress can also be obtained by providing resiliency in the valve seat so as to lengthen the time interval of impact. Resilient seats can also be used to assist in obtaining single-axis flexure.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become known by reference to the following description and accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a partially broken away elevational view of a reed valve in accordance with the invention;

FIGURE 1a is an enlarged sectional view of a portion of the reed valve shown in FIGURE 1, showing the disposition of the reed member relative to the reed plate during gas flow through the reed valve;

FIGURE lb is a view similar to FIGURE la, showing the relation of the reed member to the reed plate immediately upon engagement of the reed member with the reed plate and just prior to disengagement of the reed member from the plate;

FIGURE 10 is a view similar to FIGURES la and lb, showing the disposition of the reed member when seated against the port in the reed plate and flexed inwardly of the port;

FIGURE 2 is an exploded perspective view of the reed valve shown in FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a sectional view taken along line 3-3 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary sectional view of a modified form of reed plate;

FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary elevational view of a reed valve embodying the reed plate shown in FIGURE 4;

FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary sectional View of another modified reed plate;

FIGURE 7 is a fragmentary elevational view of a reed valve embodying the reed plate shown in FIGURE 6;

i in less remote relation to the boundary line 24. At its ends, the port is defined by end or side edges' 29 and 31 which are generally parallel to each other, which are substantially normal to the lengthwise edges 25 and 27, and which merge through small radii, indicated at 33, into the outer and inner lengthwise edges 25 and 27, respectively.

Use of an elongated port, as disclosed above, serves to limit flexure of the portion 20 of the reed member inwardly of the port 17, when the reed member is seated against the plate in port-closing relation thereto, to curvature about only one axis along a major portion of the length of the port inwardly of the end edges 29 and 31 of the port. Such flexing of the port-closing portion 20 of the reed member inwardly of the port 17 is believed to be primarily caused by momentum of the reed member, but is also believed to be due in part to the existing pressure difl'erential.

Flexure of the port-closing portion 20 of the reed member 19 adjacent to the end edges 29 and 31 of the port 17 can be substantially limited to curvature about. the single axis mentioned immediately above by various means.

Specifically, as shown in FIGURES 4 through 7, the valve FIGURE 8 is a fragmentary sectional view of still an- 7 other modified reed plate;

FIGURE 9 is a fragmentary elevational view of a reed valve incorporating the reed plate shown in FIGURE 8;

FIGURE 10 is an enlarged fragmentary view of still another modified reed valve; and

FIGURE 11 is a fragmentary sectional view of still another modified reed valve. a

The reed valve 11 shown in FIGURE 1 of the drawings is exemplary of various arrangements and configurations that can be used in accordance with the invention. The reed valve 11 includes a rigid member or plate 15 having therein a port or aperture 17, a relatively flexible valve leaf or reed member 19 which is fixed to the plate 15 and includes a port-closing portion 20 movable relative to the plate 15 to open and close the port 17, together with a leaf stop 21 which is fixed to the plate 15 and which serves to limit opening movement of the reed member 19 away from the plate 15. The leaf stop 21 can be fabri cated of any rigid material, such as for example, brass or steel, and can be of various configurations.

While various arrangements can be used to unite the reed member 19 and the leaf stop 21 to the plate 15, the disclosed construction utilizes a series of laterally. aligned screws 23 which can serve to establish an area of permanent engagement between the reed member 19 and the plate 15. During movement between its open and closed positions, the reed member 19 flexes relative to the area of permanent engagement about an axis which progressively moves from the boundary line of the area of permanent engagement toward the outer or free end of the reed member until closure of the reed member against the plate 15 is complete. the leaf stop 21 is fabricated and assembled to the reed plate so as to establish a boundary line 24 limiting the area of permanent engagement of the reed member 19 with the plate 15. Preferably, the boundary line 24 is essentially rectilinear.

The plate 15 can be formed in various ways, as for instance, by aluminum die casting. Suitable arrangements not material to the invention can be provided for securing the plate 15 about an opening in a housing, such as a crankcase, which housing is subject to cyclical pressure variation above and below a pressure condition exterior to the housing.

The port 17 is elongated in generally parallel relation to the boundary line 24 of permanent engagement. The port includes an outer rectilinear edge 25 which extends lengthwise of the port 17 in remote, generally parallel relation to the boundary line 24. The port 17 also includes a second or inner rectilinear edge 27 extending in parallel, opposed relation to the outer rectilinear edge 25 In the disclosed construction,

seat portions at the margins of the plate 15 at the end edges 29 and 31 can be concavely dished with respect to the plane of the plate so as to conform generally to the curvature of the port-closing portion 20 of the reed member 19 about the before-mentioned axis when flexure of the lengthwise edges 25 and 27. The curvature of the recesses 35 corresponds to the curvature of the central part of the reed member port-closing portion 20 when the flexure of the reedmember inwardly of the port is at its normal maximum, thereby permitting flexure of the end parts 20a of the port-closing portion in substantially like manner to the flexure of the central part 20b of the reed member port-closing portion.

In the embodiment shown in FIGURES 6 and 7, the reed plate 15 is provided with a concavely dished recess 37 which includes marginal portions 39 and 41 of the feed plate extending along the respective edges 25 and 27, as well asmarginal portions 43 of the reed plate at the ends of the port 17. Preferably, the outer edge 45 of the recess 39 terminates in the area where the outer edge of the reed member 19 initially engages the reed plate 15 during port-closing operation and before flexure of the reed member inwardly of the port.

Limitation of reed member flexure at the ends of the port-closing portion 20 curvature about a single axis extending lengthwise of the port-closing portion can alternatively. or additionally be obtained by using resilient in-- serts at the ends of the port 17. Such inserts can be a fabricate of materials such as nylon to permit conformance of the lapped margins of the inserts to the tendency of the port-closing portion 20 of the reed member 19 toward flexure about a single longitudinally extending axis of curvature. a

More specifically, in the embodiment shown in FIG- URES 8 and 9, the reed plate 15 is recessed about each of the ends of the port 17 to provide a seat 47 receiving a resilient insert 49 capable of conforming to the tendency of the port-closing portion 20 toward flexure about a single lengthwise axis. In the embodiment shown in FIG- URE 10, the reed plate is recessed around the entirety a resilient insert 53.-

In general, if ports having outlines other than the illustrated, generally rectagula-r outlines are employed, the valve seats or edges defining such ports preferably should encourage reed flexure about a single axis when the reed member is seated against the reed plate in port-closing relation thereto. Such seats or port edges therefore should lie in the surface of an imaginary curved surface having an axis and radius corresponding to the axis and radius of curvature of the reed member under a condition of normal maximum flexure inwardly of the port.

Stress reduction can also be obtained by preventing fiexure of the reed memberinto the port. More specifically, in the embodiment shown in FIGURE 11, the reed member is induced by the reed plate during progressive closure of the port, to assume a curvature about a single axis, which curvature is concave with respect to the reed plate. Such concave curvature tends to rigidify the reed member so as to prevent subsequent curvature about axes other than said single axis and thereby prevent the creation of peripheral stress waves such as are believed to occur during reed member flexure about more than one axis.

Still more particularly, in FIGURE 11, the plate is provided with a valve seat which extends about the port and which, with respect to the reed member 19, presents a convexly curved surface 75. During closure of the reed member 19 against the seat, the reed member assumes the curved configuration of the surface 75, thereby rigidifying the reed member 19 against buckling or dishing into the port, and thereby avoiding the creation, along the periphery of the reed member, of stress waves such as are believed to commonly occur in response to dishing or bending about more than one axis. Alternatively, the reed member 19 can be preformed with a curved configuration complementary to that of the reed plate seat surface 75, or the reed plate can be flat and the reed member preformed with a configuration which, with respect to the fiat reed plate seat, is concavely curved, thereby rigidifying the reed member against flexure into the port.

In the illustrated embodiment, means are also provided in the reed plate 15 for eliminating, or at least substantially reducing, adhesion between the reed member and the reed plate due to accumulated oil on the contacting surfaces thereof between the line 24 and the port 17. Such means includes, in the plate 15, one or more grooves, recesses, or chanels 55 which extend across the reed plate 15 between the iner port edge 27 and the boundary line 24 of permanent engagement between the reed member and the plate, thereby reducing the area of contact between the reed member and the reed plate, in the area between the port 17 and the boundary line 24. The groove 55a adjacent to the line 24 also provides a space for collecting any grit or foreign material which may enter between the reed member and the reed plate, without affecting progressive port-closing and portopening flexure of the reed member.

Reduction in impact stress can also be achieved by lengthening the time interval of impact through the provision of a resilient margin or insert around all or a part of the port 17, such as the inserts 49 and 53 already mentioned. Such resilient margins can also be used, as explained above, to permit reed member flexure about a single axis, particularly if the end portions of the resilient margins are fabricated to be of greater yieldability than the lengthwise margins.

The reed member 19 is fabricated of resiliently flexible material, such as stainless steel, and, in the disclosed construction, is generally of rectangular configuration, including the port-closing portion 20 and a series of spaced, generally parallel legs or segments 59 which extend from the port-closing portion 20 and are secured to the reed plate 15 by the screws 23. The port-closing portion 20 of the reed member includes an outer edge 61 and side edges 63 and 65, and is dimensioned so that when the reed member 19 is assembled to the plate 15, the outer and side edges 61,

63, and 65, respectively, lap the seat area at the margin of the plate 15 along the port edges 25, 29, and 31 by an amount within a range of from about .010 to about .045 inch, preferably about .020 inch. Limitation of the lap to the above range lessens the area of the reed member 19 subject to the effect of cyclical pressure variation, thereby tending to reduce reed valve velocity and consequent reed member stress. Such limitation of lap also lessens the extent to which the outer and side edges 35, 37, and 39 of the reed member are dispiaceable from the plane of the reed plate 15 adjacent to the port 17 when the port is closed. This feature is especially important in instances where reed member flexure is not confined to curvature about a single axis.

The construction of the reed member 19 also serves to limit impact velocity by the provision of the open area or cutouts 58 which define the before-mentioned legs 59. As the cutouts 58 extend from at least the boundary line 24 of permanent engagement between the reed member and the plate to adjacent the edge 27 of the port 17, the total reed member area subject to reaction to any pressure differential, during opening and closing reed member movement, is thereby reduced.

Various of the features of the invention are set forth in the following claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A reed valve including a reed plate having therein means defining a port and a seat extending from and surrounding said port, a reed member subject to curvature upon port closing operation and including a port clos ing portion, and means securing said reed member to said reed plate for movement of said port closing portion rela tive to said reed plate to and from a position of engagement with said seat, said reed member overlapping said seat by an amount less than about .045 inch along a portion of said seat which is most remote from said reed member securing means, said port being elongated and including a rectilinear edge at the intersection of said port and said remote portion of said seat, said edge extending lengthwise of said port, and said seat having end portions including resilient means surrounding at least a portion of said port and permitting displacement of the surface of said end portions.

2. A reed valve including a reed plate having therein means defining a port and a seat extending from and surrounding said port, a reed member including a port closing portion subject to curvature upon port closing operation, and means securing said reed member to said reed plate for movement of said port closing portion relative to said reed plate to and from a position of engagement with said seat, said reed member overlapping said seat by an amount less than about .045 inch along a portion of said seat which is most remote from said reed member securing means, said seat being fabricated of resilient material to afford conformance of the surface of said material to the curvature of the part of said port closing portion engaged against said seat.

References (Iited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 978,152 12/1910 Gutermuth 137525.5 1,029,726 6/1912 Sprado 137517 1,299,762 4/1919 Nelson 137525.3 2,001,885 5/1935 Ohmart l37525.5 X 2,224,494 12/1940 White 137527 2,616,403 11/1952 Kiekhaefer 137525.3 X 2,639,699 5/1953 Kiekhaefer 12373 2,798,505 7/1957 Kehler 137516.11 2,851,054 9/1958 Campbell 251368 X 2,885,178 5/1959 Mott 251-368 3,016,914 1/1962 Keithahn 137-527 X 3,191,618 6/1965 McKim 137-5253 WILLIAM F. ODEA, Primary Examiner.

D. ZOBKIW, Assistant Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A REED VALVE INCLUDING A REED PLATE HAVING THEREIN MEANS DEFINING A PORT AND A SHEET EXTENDING FROM AND SURROUNDING SAID PORT, A REED MEMBER SUBJECT TO CURVATURE UPON PORT CLOSING OPERATION AN INCLUDING A PORT CLOSING PORTION, AND MEANS SECURING SAID REED MEMBER TO SAID REED PLATE FOR MOVEMENT OF SAID PORT CLOSING PORTION RELATIVE TO SAID REED PLATE TO AND FROM A POSITION OF ENGAGEMENT WITH SAID SEAT, SAID REED MEMBER OVERLAPPING SAID SEAT BY AN AMOUNT LESS THAN ABOUT ABOUT .045 INCH ALONG A PORTION OF SAID SEAT WHICH IS MOST REMOTE FROM SAID REED MEMBER SECURING MEANS, SAID PORT BEING ELONGATED AND INCLUDING A RECTILINEAR EDGE AT THE INTERSECTION OF SAID PORT AND SAID REMOTE PORTION OF SAID SEAT, SAID EDGE EXTENDING LENGTHWISE OF SAID PORT, AND SAID SEAT HAVING END PORTIONS INCLUDING RESILIENT MEANS SURROUNDING AT LEAST A PORTION OF SAID PORT AND PERMITTING DISPLACEMENT OF THE SURFACE OF SAID END PORTIONS.
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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3385514A (en) * 1966-04-11 1968-05-28 Trw Inc Refrigerant vapor compressor
US3412754A (en) * 1966-03-15 1968-11-26 Textron Inc Pyramid reed valve
US3967319A (en) * 1974-07-01 1976-06-29 Telex Computer Products, Inc. Tape excursion control means using tapered-wall vacuum column
US4082295A (en) * 1977-05-25 1978-04-04 Garlock Inc. Reed valve with crankshaft seal and method
US4083184A (en) * 1975-08-18 1978-04-11 Nissan Motor Company, Limited System to supply air into the exhaust conduit of an internal combustion engine
US4173985A (en) * 1977-07-08 1979-11-13 Kirpichenkov Alexandr G Straightway valve
US4179883A (en) * 1976-10-21 1979-12-25 Nippon Oil Seal Industry Co., Ltd. Reed valve assembly
US4195660A (en) * 1976-04-05 1980-04-01 Outboard Marine Corporation Reed valve
US4633825A (en) * 1985-07-02 1987-01-06 Outboard Marine Corporation Reed valve assembly
EP0240429A1 (en) * 1986-04-04 1987-10-07 Societe Nationale Elf Aquitaine Gas boiler with resonant combustion
US4954252A (en) * 1987-06-08 1990-09-04 Parker Hannifin Corporation Biflow filter drier
US5243934A (en) * 1993-01-04 1993-09-14 Eyvind Boyesen Multiple stage reed valves for use in internal combustion engines
US5247912A (en) * 1991-12-24 1993-09-28 Performance Industries, Inc. Reed valve mechanism and method for constructing same
US5373867A (en) * 1993-09-28 1994-12-20 Eyvind Boyesen Reed valve mechanism
US6206655B1 (en) * 1995-09-29 2001-03-27 Matsushita Refrigeration Company Electrically-operated sealed compressor
US6235192B1 (en) 1997-03-20 2001-05-22 Parker-Hannifin Corporation Biflow drier with improved filtration
US6250331B1 (en) * 1999-02-22 2001-06-26 Haemonetics, Corp. Zero crack-pressure, high-flow valve
US20090100811A1 (en) * 2007-10-17 2009-04-23 Scheckel Benjamin L Inertial Gas-Liquid Separator with Constrictable and Expansible Nozzle Valve Sidewall
US20120227847A1 (en) * 2009-11-18 2012-09-13 Zahroof Corp. Systems and Methods for a Reed Valve Module and Valve Assembly

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US978152A (en) * 1908-06-30 1910-12-13 Max Friedrich Gutermuth Automatically-acting spring flap-valve.
US1029726A (en) * 1911-10-27 1912-06-18 Allis Chalmers Discharge-valve.
US1299762A (en) * 1915-04-08 1919-04-08 Sullivan Machinery Co Valve.
US2001885A (en) * 1932-05-11 1935-05-21 Kelvinator Corp Refrigerating apparatus
US2224494A (en) * 1939-07-10 1940-12-10 Luther T White Pressure relief means for automobiles
US2616403A (en) * 1948-07-29 1952-11-04 Kiekhaefer Elmer Carl Valve unit for internal-combustion engines
US2639699A (en) * 1951-09-01 1953-05-26 Elmer C Kiekhaefer Two-cycle engine and improved crankcase induction means therefor
US2798505A (en) * 1953-08-11 1957-07-09 Hoerbiger & Co Plate valves
US2851054A (en) * 1945-10-25 1958-09-09 Lawrence F Campbell Flutter valves
US2885178A (en) * 1954-02-11 1959-05-05 Honeywell Regulator Co Valve assembly for control apparatus
US3016914A (en) * 1958-11-14 1962-01-16 Baker Oil Tools Inc Drill pipe float valves
US3191618A (en) * 1962-10-29 1965-06-29 Carrol D Mckim Curved seat reed valve

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US978152A (en) * 1908-06-30 1910-12-13 Max Friedrich Gutermuth Automatically-acting spring flap-valve.
US1029726A (en) * 1911-10-27 1912-06-18 Allis Chalmers Discharge-valve.
US1299762A (en) * 1915-04-08 1919-04-08 Sullivan Machinery Co Valve.
US2001885A (en) * 1932-05-11 1935-05-21 Kelvinator Corp Refrigerating apparatus
US2224494A (en) * 1939-07-10 1940-12-10 Luther T White Pressure relief means for automobiles
US2851054A (en) * 1945-10-25 1958-09-09 Lawrence F Campbell Flutter valves
US2616403A (en) * 1948-07-29 1952-11-04 Kiekhaefer Elmer Carl Valve unit for internal-combustion engines
US2639699A (en) * 1951-09-01 1953-05-26 Elmer C Kiekhaefer Two-cycle engine and improved crankcase induction means therefor
US2798505A (en) * 1953-08-11 1957-07-09 Hoerbiger & Co Plate valves
US2885178A (en) * 1954-02-11 1959-05-05 Honeywell Regulator Co Valve assembly for control apparatus
US3016914A (en) * 1958-11-14 1962-01-16 Baker Oil Tools Inc Drill pipe float valves
US3191618A (en) * 1962-10-29 1965-06-29 Carrol D Mckim Curved seat reed valve

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3412754A (en) * 1966-03-15 1968-11-26 Textron Inc Pyramid reed valve
US3385514A (en) * 1966-04-11 1968-05-28 Trw Inc Refrigerant vapor compressor
US3967319A (en) * 1974-07-01 1976-06-29 Telex Computer Products, Inc. Tape excursion control means using tapered-wall vacuum column
US4083184A (en) * 1975-08-18 1978-04-11 Nissan Motor Company, Limited System to supply air into the exhaust conduit of an internal combustion engine
US4195660A (en) * 1976-04-05 1980-04-01 Outboard Marine Corporation Reed valve
US4179883A (en) * 1976-10-21 1979-12-25 Nippon Oil Seal Industry Co., Ltd. Reed valve assembly
US4082295A (en) * 1977-05-25 1978-04-04 Garlock Inc. Reed valve with crankshaft seal and method
US4173985A (en) * 1977-07-08 1979-11-13 Kirpichenkov Alexandr G Straightway valve
US4633825A (en) * 1985-07-02 1987-01-06 Outboard Marine Corporation Reed valve assembly
EP0240429A1 (en) * 1986-04-04 1987-10-07 Societe Nationale Elf Aquitaine Gas boiler with resonant combustion
WO1987005987A1 (en) * 1986-04-04 1987-10-08 Societe Nationale Elf Aquitaine Single flap valve for gas boiler
FR2596854A1 (en) * 1986-04-04 1987-10-09 Elf Aquitaine Single check valve for gas boiler
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