US326473A - Radiator - Google Patents

Radiator Download PDF

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US326473A
US326473A US326473DA US326473A US 326473 A US326473 A US 326473A US 326473D A US326473D A US 326473DA US 326473 A US326473 A US 326473A
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pipes
pipe
radiator
steam
base
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D1/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators
    • F28D1/02Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid
    • F28D1/04Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits
    • F28D1/047Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D21/00Heat-exchange apparatus not covered by any of the groups F28D1/00 - F28D20/00
    • F28D2021/0019Other heat exchangers for particular applications; Heat exchange systems not otherwise provided for
    • F28D2021/0035Other heat exchangers for particular applications; Heat exchange systems not otherwise provided for for domestic or space heating, e.g. heating radiators

Definitions

  • My invention has for its object to so construct the steam pipes and their adjunots that a circulation of steam shall be maintained at all times when any pressure is on, thus enabling me to use the steam in the most economical manner and to secure prompt heating action when the steam is rst turned on.
  • This object I attain by the mechanism illustrated' iu the accompanying drawings, in Which- Figure l is a vieW partly iu elevation and partly in vertical section, and Fig. Zis a horizontal section taken on line :c a: of Fig. l.
  • A represent the base or" the radiator.
  • This base may be made of any suitable design and size, and is provided with an inlet-pipe, B, and an outlet-pipe, C, for supplying and discharging the steam or hot water which is used for heating the radiator.
  • D D D represent a series of metallic tubes which are screwed into the base A, as shown in the case of one of them at d, Fig. l. These pipes D D D are closed at their upper ends, and may be surmounted by an ornamental cap-piece, H, Fig. 1.
  • each of the pipes D I place a small pipe, E, open at both ends.
  • Each ofthe small pipes E is made secure within its large pipe y D by any well-known mechanical device.
  • the method of securing a constant ow through the radiator is as follows: I place at the lower end of each of the small pipes E a quarter-turn, K, so that the steam in oW- ing past them in the direction of the arrow L will have the action of a Giffard injector, and cause a current to tlow from the lower ends of the pipes E.
  • the pipes E may be bent so as to form a turn equivalent to the quarter-turn.
  • a radiator In a radiator, the combination of the base A, having anlinletapipe, B, and outlet-pipe C, and the radiating-pipes D, with the circulating-pipes E, located within the radiatingpipes D, each circulating-pipe E having a curved lower end, K, whereby its delivery is parallel with the general flow through the base A, all operating together substantially as described, and for the purpose set forth.

Description

(Nomaden. u
C, E. ASHROFT.
RADIATOR. No. 326,473. Patented Sept. 15,'1885.
MTNEEEE- I INVEN-rml.
n PETERS. Phawmhegnpher, whingmn. n.c.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.,
CHARLES E. ASHCBOFT, OF'LYNN, MASSACHUSETTS..
RADIATOR,
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 326,473, dated September 15, 1885.
Application lcd June 28, 1884. (No model.)
To all whom, t may concern:
Be it known that I, CHARLES E. AsHoRoEfr, of Lynn, in the count-y of Essex and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Radiators, of which the following is a specification.
My invention has for its object to so construct the steam pipes and their adjunots that a circulation of steam shall be maintained at all times when any pressure is on, thus enabling me to use the steam in the most economical manner and to secure prompt heating action when the steam is rst turned on. This object I attain by the mechanism illustrated' iu the accompanying drawings, in Which- Figure l is a vieW partly iu elevation and partly in vertical section, and Fig. Zis a horizontal section taken on line :c a: of Fig. l.
In the drawings, let A represent the base or" the radiator. This base may be made of any suitable design and size, and is provided with an inlet-pipe, B, and an outlet-pipe, C, for supplying and discharging the steam or hot water which is used for heating the radiator.
D D D represent a series of metallic tubes which are screwed into the base A, as shown in the case of one of them at d, Fig. l. These pipes D D D are closed at their upper ends, and may be surmounted by an ornamental cap-piece, H, Fig. 1.
Within each of the pipes D, I place a small pipe, E, open at both ends. Each ofthe small pipes E is made secure within its large pipe y D by any well-known mechanical device.
The method of securing a constant ow through the radiator is as follows: I place at the lower end of each of the small pipes E a quarter-turn, K, so that the steam in oW- ing past them in the direction of the arrow L will have the action of a Giffard injector, and cause a current to tlow from the lower ends of the pipes E. Instead of the quarterturns K, the pipes E may be bent so as to form a turn equivalent to the quarter-turn.
By so constructing the pipes E that their lower end discharge shall be in line with the general current passing through the base A, I produce a partial vacuum, or what is sometimes ealled an induced current,7 in the pipe E. The induced current in the pipe E will soon exhaust all of the air from the pipe E and also from the pipe D, and thus insure a complete circulation of steam iu and through both pipes.
In a radiator, the combination of the base A, having anlinletapipe, B, and outlet-pipe C, and the radiating-pipes D, with the circulating-pipes E, located within the radiatingpipes D, each circulating-pipe E having a curved lower end, K, whereby its delivery is parallel with the general flow through the base A, all operating together substantially as described, and for the purpose set forth.
CHARLES E. ASHCBOFT.
Witnesses:
HELEN M. FEGAN, ALBERT D. GROVER.
US326473D Radiator Expired - Lifetime US326473A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2639900A (en) * 1948-12-11 1953-05-26 Henry G Schaefer Simplified space heating radiator mounted on pipe

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2639900A (en) * 1948-12-11 1953-05-26 Henry G Schaefer Simplified space heating radiator mounted on pipe

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