US3219341A - Push and pull table exercizer - Google Patents

Push and pull table exercizer Download PDF

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US3219341A
US3219341A US225502A US22550262A US3219341A US 3219341 A US3219341 A US 3219341A US 225502 A US225502 A US 225502A US 22550262 A US22550262 A US 22550262A US 3219341 A US3219341 A US 3219341A
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main
supports
parallel
support
patient
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Max V Weinstein
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Max V Weinstein
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/06User-manipulated weights
    • A63B21/068User-manipulated weights using user's body weight
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/06User-manipulated weights
    • A63B21/062User-manipulated weights including guide for vertical or non-vertical weights or array of weights to move against gravity forces
    • A63B21/0626User-manipulated weights including guide for vertical or non-vertical weights or array of weights to move against gravity forces with substantially vertical guiding means
    • A63B21/0628User-manipulated weights including guide for vertical or non-vertical weights or array of weights to move against gravity forces with substantially vertical guiding means for vertical array of weights

Description

' Nov. 23, 1965 M. v. WEINSTEIN Y3,219,341

PUSH AND PULL TABLE EXERCISER Filed Sept. 24, 1962 r 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 MIMI Illlull' his A TTOR/yE'Y Nov. 23, 1965 M. v. WElNsTElN PUSH AND PULL TABLE EXERCISER 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Sept. 24, 1962 IIIHVJ il...

bis ATTORNEY United States Patent Oilice 3,219,341 Patented Nov. 23, 1965 3,219,341 PUSH AND PULL rIABLE EXERCIZER Max V. Weinstein, 605 Vermont St., Brooklyn, N.Y. Filed Sept. 24, 1962, Ser. No. 225,502 3 Claims. (Cl. 272-58) This invention relates to therapeutic tables and more especially to tables to receive patients and enable them to exercise their legs and spines.

Among the objects of the present invention it is aimed to provide an improved therapeutic table which will enable a patient to rest his body or trunk, either on his -back or his stomach, in horizontal position with his legs free to enable him to exercise his legs, which table is mounted upon an inclined support tending to move the table downward with gravity and enable the patient to exercise his legs either by drawing the table up against the force of gravity on said inclined sup-port by crooking his knees with his feet fastened to an abutment or to push the ltable up against the force of gravity by bending or crooking his knees with his feet resting against an opposing abutment, the inclined support leaning downwardly away from the iirst abutment and toward said other abutment.

It is still another object of the present invention to provide a therapeutic table which may be maintained in horizontal position to receive a patient, the table resting upon an inclined support with an abutment spaced from each end of the table to enable the patient to cooperate with such abutments, one abutment to secure the feet of the patient and enable the patient to draw the table up against the force of gravity produced by the inclined support, the support inclining downwardly away from such abutment, and the other abutment to enable the patient to press his feet against the same and push the table up against the force of gravity produced by the inclined support with the support leaning down toward such second abutment.

It is still another object of the present invention to provide a table for receiving a patient in horizontal position which rides on a plurality of parallel inclined supports, which table has means for simultaneously adjusting the inclinations of the supports and has spaced from its ends abutments for receiving Ithe feet of the patient and enabling the patient either by crooking his knees and pressing his feet against one abutment to move the table up the inclination of said supports, the supports inclining downwardly toward such supports, or to enable the patient when his feet are secured to the abutment at the other end of the table to crook his knees and draw the table upward against the force of gravity produced by the inclined supports. The inclination of said supports extend downwardly away from said second support, in said latter instance.

These and other features, capabilities, and advantages of the invention will appear from the subjoined detailed description of one specific embodiment thereof illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. l is a perspective side elevation of the apparatus with the supports in horizontal position.

FIG. 2 is a similar perspective of the apparatus partly broken away with the supports in inclined position and the patient resting on his back on the table in position to push the table up against the force of gravity produced by the inclination of the supports.

FIG. 3 is a similar perspective side elevation with the supports in inclined position and the patient resting on his. stomach on the table with his feet secured to the other abutment in position to enable the patient to crook his knees and draw the table up against the force of gravity produced by the inclination of the supports.

FIG. 4 is a similar perspective in side elevation partly broken away with the supports in inclined position, and the patient 'resting on his back and his feet secured to one of the abutments to move the table upwardly against the force of gravity by crooking 'his legs.

FIG. 5 is a fragmental enlarged side elevational view showing the connection between the supports and a lift or jack.

FIG. 6 is an enlarged perspective of the table.

FIG. 7 is an enlarged side elevation of the lift or jack.

FIG. 8 is a section on the line 8-8 of FIG. 7.

FIG. 9 is a side elevation of one side of a foot clamp.

FIG. l() is a side elevation of the other side of the foot clamp 'shown in FIG. 9.

In the embodiment shown there is provided a frame 1 preferably resting on -casters 2 :connected to the cross pieces 3 and 4 which in turn are connected to longitudinally extending bars 5. These bars 5 are connected at their ends to the upwardly extending braces 6, 6 at one end and 7, 7 at the other end, the braces 6, 6 supporting the main uprights 8, 8 and the braces 7, 7 supporting the vertically extending main uprights 9, 9. Between the uprights 8, there are provided cross rods 10 and 11 around which extend the chains 12 and 13. On the outer edges of the uprights 9, 9, there is provided the vertically extending plate constituting a foot abutment 14.

Extending upwardly from the longitudinally extendingI bars in the present instance, there are two intermediate pairs of 4uprights 15 and 16, and 17 and 18 respectively. To the upper ends of the uprights there is provided the pivot pin or bar 19 to receive the journals 20 in the main support 21. To the upper ends of the uprights 17, 18, there is provided the pivot pin 22 to receive the journals 23 of the support 24. The main support 21 has longitudinally extending tracks 25 along its edges to receive the rollers 27 journalled in the bracket 28 of the table 29. In turn the support 24 has longitudinally extending tracks 30 along its edges to receive the rollers 31 journalled in the bracket 32 of the table 29.

The table 29 hasrrecesses 33 forming the diminished end 34 at one longitudinal end of the table 29 and recesses 35 forming the diminished end 36 at the other end of the table. The diminished ends 34 and 36 are provided to extend into the crotch Iof the patient and enable his legs to drop down past the recesses 33 and 35 and support the pubic area of his body when resting on his abdomen as shown in FIG. 3

At the diminished end 36 there is pivotally connected the extension 37 which may be swung down int-o the position shown in FIGS. 3 and 4 or `swung up into extended position as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and there locked by any suitable means such as a conventional latch 26 shown in FIG. 2.

Extending downwardly from the support 21 is provided the plate or bracket 38 which is pivotally connected at 39 to one end of t'he bar 40. The other end of the bar 40 is pivotally connected at 41 to the plate or bracket 42 extending downwardly from the support 24. The plates 38 and 42 are preferably positioned to the right, see FIG. 5, of their pivot points 19 and 22 respectively so that any movement imparted to the support 24 will simultaneously actuate the support 21 an equal distance.

respectively. The links 49 are connected to one end of a bracket 50 and the links 48 to the other end of the bracket 50. The bracket 50 in turn is pivotally connected by the pin 51 to-the bar 52 which is pivotally connected by the pin 53 at its upper end to the lower face of the support 24, to the right of the plate 42.

The pivotal pin 54 connecting the links 47 and 49 to one another is connected to the internally screw threaded tubular bar 55 and the pivotal pin 56 connecting the links 46 and 48 to one another are pivotally connected to a journal receiving the smooth end of a screw 57 which screw 57 has a threaded portion 58 meshing with the internal thread of the tubular bar 55. The outer end of the screw 57 has xed thereto the toothed wheel 59 which, see FIG. 8, has an angular boss 60 to receive the enlargement 61 of the handle 62. The handle 62 in turn has formed on it a pawl 63 which cooperates with the toothed wheel 59 so that when the handle 62 is reciprocated and one of the teeth of the pawl 63 connected with the toothed wheel 59, the reciprocation of the handle 62 will turn the screw 57 in turn to expand the links into the position shown in FIG. 7 to raise the support 24 and thereby in turn through the bar 40 incline the other support 21 a like distance. When it is desired to lower the supports 21 and 24 into the horizontal position shown in FIG. 5, the other tooth of the pawl 63 will be pressed into engagement with the toothed wheel 59 and then when the handle 62 is reciprocated, it will lower the right hand end of the support 24 and thereby simultaneously lower the right hand end of the support 21 into the horizontal position shown in FIG. 5.

'I`o the chains 12 and 13 there are secured the ankle cuffs, such as the cuff 64 shown in FIGS. 9 and l0 respectively which have a stirrup strap 65 to go under the foot 66 of the patient and which is preferably connected by links 67 to one of the chains 13, and several straps 68 which go over the instep of the patients foot 66 as shown in FIG. 9.

In'operation the patient preferably is placed upon the table y29 when it is in horizontal position of the main supports 21 and 24 as shown in FIG'. 1. In this position of the main supports 21 and 24 the table 29 may be moved along a predetermined horizontal level to accommodate the body of the patient to a lighting or X-ray system without extensive movement of such systems. Thereupon the supports 21 and 24 are inclined the desired angle and if the patient rests on his back as shown in FIG. 2 with his feet 69 resting against the abutment 14 with the patient gripping the edge of the table 29 as shown in FIG. 2, by straightening his knees from the flexed position shown in FIG. 2, he will actuate the table 29 up the parallel faces of the main supports 21 and 24 against the force of gravity produced by the inclinations of the parallel faces of the main supports 21 and 24.

On the other hand if it is desired that the patient be required to stretch his spine land actuate his knees, the patient may be positioned on his stomach as shown in FIG. 3 and extend from the other end of the table 29 with his feet secured in the ankle cuffs 64 secured to the chains 12, 13. Then if the parallel faces of the main supports 21 and 24 are inclined downwardly away from the chains 12, 13, when the patient flexes his knees, he will actuate the table 29 upwardly against the force of gravity produced by the inclination of the supports 21 and 24. In turn the patient, if he should be required to exercise his back muscles and leg muscles, may be positioned on the table resting on his back with his feet secured in the ankle culfs 64 and the parallel faces of the main supports 21 and 24 inclined downwardly away from the chains 12 and 13, FIG. 4. When flexing his knees and gripping the table edge as shown, he can move the table 29 upwardly against the force of gravity produced by the supports 21 and 24.

From the foregoing it will thus be seen that at least three different types of exercise can be produced by a patient with this table. It will also be seen that the body of the patient will be positioned on a horizontal platform or table 29 at all times. It vwill also be seen that with facility the desired inclination of the supports 21 and 24 may be achieved by a simple actuation of the handle 62 of the jack 43. While the aforesaid three positions listed may be suitable for all types of injuries or dislocations to the lower portion of the spine below the shoulders and traction consequently transmitted to the spine by the body resting on the table 29 in either of the positions illustrated in FIGS. 3 and 4 from the area between the shoulders and the lower end of the trunk, should there be, as so frequently happens, an injury or impairment to the disks of the spine or part of the spine located in the neck or upper spinal area, then the traction can be transmitted to this portion of the spine, that is between the head and the shoulders just as well as to the part of the spine located between the shoulders and the lower end of the trunk by connecting the head to either the rods 10 or 11 or the chains 12 and 13 and the body be extended in the direction shown in FIG. 2. In such position the feet of the patient may rest against the foot abutment 14 and the patient regulate the tension on his neck which ordinarily should not exceed ve to ten pounds although at times traction of fteen pounds may be used to advantage and in unusual circumstances a momentary traction of as much as forty pounds of momentary traction may be employed. In turn, due to the adjustability of the inclination of the main supports 21 and 24 by the scissor jack 43 having in mind that the greater the tension in foot pounds increases as the grade or inclination of the main supports 21 and 24 increases, the attending physician may of course be in a position to adjust the inclination of the main supports 21 and 24 to the desired degree where the foot pound tension will approximate the tension desired for the particular patient being treated.

When the term legs is mentioned it refers to all the components of the lower extremities from the hip to the foot.

It is obvious that various changes and modifications may be made to the details of construction without departing from the general spirit of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.

It is also obvious that this apparatus can be used to advantage in transmitting traction to the lower extremities and the spine when the patient is resting on the table 29.

I claim:

1. In a therapeutic table, the combination of a man frame, a vertically extending main upright at'each end of said main frame, a plurality of intermediate uprights, parallel main supports having upper faces, means pivotally connecting said main supports intermediate the ends of said upper faces to said intermediate uprights to enable said main supports to be rocked from the horizontal to an inclined position, tracks on the upper faces of said main supports parallel to one another, a table, brackets on said table, rollers at the lower ends of said brackets riding in said tracks, a pair of said rollers for each main support, parallel vertical plates extending down from like ends of said main supports, a link pivotally connecting the lower ends of said parallel plates to one another, and a lift operatively connected to one of said main supports between the ground and said latter main support actuatable to adjust the inclination of said latter main support and through said link and parallel plates simultaneously adjust the inclination of the other main support into the horizontal at a predetermined level intermediate said main uprights to enable the body of the person to be treated to be placed with facility on said table at a predetermined level and -at any location between said main uprights and at other times downwardly, said table enabling the body of the person to be treated while Alying on said table, said upper faces being parallel to one an- Other ,and when inclined downwardly enabling the person being treated to actuate said table upwardly on said parallel faces against the force of gravity to effect a predetermined exercise.

2. The combination as set forth in claim 1 in which crossbars are mounted on one of said main uprights, chains extending around said crossbars, ankle cuis con nected to said chains to secure the feet of the person being treated when resting on said table and the main supports inclined downwardly away from said chains to enable the person being treated to perform a pulling exercise.

3. The combination as set forth in claim 1 in which crossbars are mounted on one of said main uprights, chains extending around said crossbars, ankle cuffs connected to the other of said chains to secure the feet of the person being treated when resting on his abdomen on said table and the main supports are inclined downwardly away from said latter main upright to enable the person to perform a pulling exercise, and a diminished extension on the end of said table adjacent to a main support with clearances on the sides of said extension for the legs of the person being treated, said extension supporting the pubic area of the person being treated.

References Cited by the Examiner RICHARD C. PINKHAM, Primary Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. IN A THERAPEUTIC TABLE, THE COMBINATION OF A MAN FRAME, A VERTICALLY EXTENDING MAIN UPRIGHT AT EACH END OF SAID MAIN FRAME, A PLURALITY OF INTERMEDIATE UPRIGHTS, PARALLEL MAIN SUPPORTS HAVING UPPER FACES, MEANS PIVOTALLY CONNECTING SAID MAIN SUPPORTS INTERMEDIATE THE ENDS OF SAID UPPER FACES TO SAID INTERMEDIATE UPRIGHTS TO ENABLE SAID MAIN SUPPORTS TO BE ROCKED FROM THE HORIZONTAL TO AN INCLINED POSITION, TRACKS ON THE UPPER FACES OF SAID MAIN SUPPORTS PARALLEL TO ONE ANOTHER, A TABLE, BRACKETS ON SAID TABLE, ROLLERS AT THE LOWER ENDS OF SAID BRACKETS RIDING IN SAID TRACKS, A PAIR OF SAID ROLLERS FOR EACH MAIN SUPPORT, PARALLEL VERTICAL PLATES EXTENDING DOWN FROM LIKE ENDS OF SAID MAIN SUPPORTS, A LINK PIVOTALLY CONNECTING THE LOWER ENDS OF SAID PARALLEL PLATES TO ONE ANOTHER, AND A LIFT OPERATIVELY CONNECTED TO ONE OF SAID MAIN SUPPORTS BETWEEN THE GROUND AND SAID LATTER MAIN SUPPORT ACTUATABLE TO ADJUST THE INCLINATION OF SAID LATTER MAIN SUPPORT AND THROUGH SAID LINK AND PARALLEL PLATES SIMULTANEOUSLY ADJUST THE INCLINATION OF THE OTHER MAIN SUPPORT INTO THE HORIZONTAL AT A PREDETERMINED LEVEL INTERMEDIATE SAID MAIN UPRIGHTS TO ENABLE THE BODY OF THE PERSON TO BE TREATED TO BE PLACED WITH FACILITY ON SAID TABLE AT A PREDETERMINED LEVEL AND AT ANY LOCATION BETWEEN SAID MAIN UPRIGHTS AND AT OTHER TIMES DOWNWARDLY, SAID TABLE ENABLING THE BODY OF THE PERSON TO BE TREATED WHILE LYING ON SAID TABLE, SAID UPPER FACES BEING PARALLEL TO ONE ANOTHER AND WHEN INCLINED DOWNWARDLY ENABLING THE PERSON BEING TREATED TO ACTUATE SAID TABLE UPWARDLY ON SAID PARALLEL FACES AGAINST THE FORCE OF GRAVITY TO EFFECT A PREDETERMINED EXERCISE.
US225502A 1962-09-24 1962-09-24 Push and pull table exercizer Expired - Lifetime US3219341A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2468386A1 (en) * 1979-11-05 1981-05-08 Vinel Jean Francois Practice appts. for gymnastic exercises - consists of frame with runner and support base, with brake for horizontally moving runner, and grips
US4632390A (en) * 1984-11-02 1986-12-30 Richey Michael L Weight lifting machine
US4655448A (en) * 1985-06-03 1987-04-07 John Harder Exercise apparatus
US4700946A (en) * 1985-10-11 1987-10-20 Breunig Donald E Exercise Device
FR2607389A1 (en) * 1986-12-02 1988-06-03 Leonaggeo Angelo EXERCISE AND HYDROTHERAPY APPARATUS WITH TREADMILL MOUNTED ON A LIFTER, IN PARTICULAR FOR RACE HORSES
US4949958A (en) * 1989-01-23 1990-08-21 Richey Michael L Weight lifting machine
US5169363A (en) * 1991-10-15 1992-12-08 Campanaro Thomas J Lower extremity rehabilitation system
US5411458A (en) * 1994-03-22 1995-05-02 Giust; Jeffrey Angled track squat exercise apparatus
US5554086A (en) * 1994-09-23 1996-09-10 Pacific Fitness Corporation Leg press exercise apparatus
US5895342A (en) * 1997-01-13 1999-04-20 Solland; Kurt M. Portable exercise device
US20030158018A1 (en) * 2000-03-01 2003-08-21 Raymond Giannelli Leg press machine
US7125370B1 (en) 2004-05-12 2006-10-24 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Exercise apparatus

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US890069A (en) * 1907-04-17 1908-06-09 Max Koehler Fracture apparatus for stretching parts of the human body.
US1950174A (en) * 1932-05-27 1934-03-06 James B Harrison Exercising machine
US1996350A (en) * 1934-04-18 1935-04-02 Howard W Schaff Infant's exerciser
US2305548A (en) * 1942-02-05 1942-12-15 Charles E Nichols Exercising device
US2562339A (en) * 1949-03-31 1951-07-31 Edward E Socol Combination bed, chair, and rocking exerciser

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US890069A (en) * 1907-04-17 1908-06-09 Max Koehler Fracture apparatus for stretching parts of the human body.
US1950174A (en) * 1932-05-27 1934-03-06 James B Harrison Exercising machine
US1996350A (en) * 1934-04-18 1935-04-02 Howard W Schaff Infant's exerciser
US2305548A (en) * 1942-02-05 1942-12-15 Charles E Nichols Exercising device
US2562339A (en) * 1949-03-31 1951-07-31 Edward E Socol Combination bed, chair, and rocking exerciser

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2468386A1 (en) * 1979-11-05 1981-05-08 Vinel Jean Francois Practice appts. for gymnastic exercises - consists of frame with runner and support base, with brake for horizontally moving runner, and grips
US4632390A (en) * 1984-11-02 1986-12-30 Richey Michael L Weight lifting machine
US4655448A (en) * 1985-06-03 1987-04-07 John Harder Exercise apparatus
US4700946A (en) * 1985-10-11 1987-10-20 Breunig Donald E Exercise Device
FR2607389A1 (en) * 1986-12-02 1988-06-03 Leonaggeo Angelo EXERCISE AND HYDROTHERAPY APPARATUS WITH TREADMILL MOUNTED ON A LIFTER, IN PARTICULAR FOR RACE HORSES
US4949958A (en) * 1989-01-23 1990-08-21 Richey Michael L Weight lifting machine
US5169363A (en) * 1991-10-15 1992-12-08 Campanaro Thomas J Lower extremity rehabilitation system
US5411458A (en) * 1994-03-22 1995-05-02 Giust; Jeffrey Angled track squat exercise apparatus
US5554086A (en) * 1994-09-23 1996-09-10 Pacific Fitness Corporation Leg press exercise apparatus
US5895342A (en) * 1997-01-13 1999-04-20 Solland; Kurt M. Portable exercise device
US20030158018A1 (en) * 2000-03-01 2003-08-21 Raymond Giannelli Leg press machine
US20070037673A1 (en) * 2000-03-01 2007-02-15 Cybex International, Inc. Leg press machine
US7727128B2 (en) 2000-03-01 2010-06-01 Cybex International, Inc. Leg press machine
US7125370B1 (en) 2004-05-12 2006-10-24 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Exercise apparatus

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