New! View global litigation for patent families

US3214102A - Self-cleaning nozzles - Google Patents

Self-cleaning nozzles Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3214102A
US3214102A US31071863A US3214102A US 3214102 A US3214102 A US 3214102A US 31071863 A US31071863 A US 31071863A US 3214102 A US3214102 A US 3214102A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
nozzle
nozzles
bottles
flow
opening
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
George L N Meyer
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Scott Technologies Inc
GEO J MEYER Manufacturing CO
Original Assignee
GEO J MEYER Manufacturing CO
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • B05B15/528

Description

Oct. 26, 1965 G. L. N. MEYER SELF-CLEANING NOZZLES Original Filed March 30. 1960 FIEE United States Patent 3,214,102 SELF-CLEANING NOZZLES George L. N. Meyer, Milwaukee, Wis., assignor to Geo.

J. Meyer Manufacturing Co., Cudahy, Wis., a corporation of Wisconsin Continuation of application Ser. No. 18,700, Mar. 30, 1960. This application Sept. 23, 1963, Ser. No. 310,718

1 Claim. (Cl. 239-107) This invention relates to nozzles for delivery of liquids and more particularly to a nozzle that will both maintain itself clean from lime or magnesium deposits and which will eject foreign material automatically that might otherwise cause clogging of the nozzle.

This application is a continuation of application Serial No. 18,700, filed March 30, 1960, now abandoned.

In the process of washing bottles commercially in a bottle washing machine, the bottles are admitted to the machine and run through a series of tanks containing caustics which clean the bottles. The bottles are then run through a series of fresh-water tanks which rinse out the caustics and deliver the bottles to a set of rotating brushes.

In order to augment the action of the caustics, the nozzles are mounted on a header with the nozzles aligning with the axes of the bottles. As the bottles pass over the sprays the caustic solution is pumped through the nozzles and enters the bottles, loosening dirt, cigarette butts, etc., and flushing them out 'of the bottles. This foreign matter returns to the caustic tank and despite filtering, some of the foreign particles invariably return through the pump and reach the nozzles. With equipment heretofore used to spray bottles the foreign matter caused stoppage of flow through the nozzles necessitating stopping the machine in order to clean individual nozzles.

When the nozzles are used either for pre-rinsing or for final rinsing, the lime and magnesium salts build up on the nozzles in use, shutting off the flow of pre-rinse water and frequently causing shutdown of the machine to remove the deposits from the nozzles.

It is an object of this invention to provide a nozzle the operation of which will not be affected by the presence of lime or magnesium in the water passing through the nozzle.

Another object of the invention is to provide a nozzle the operation of which will not be affected by the presence of foreign matter in the liquid passing through the nozzle.

Another object of the invention is to provide a nozzle which will more effectively clean dirt and foreign matter from bottles than nozzles now in use.

A further object is to provide a nozzle which will maintain itself free of lime and magnesium salts during operation.

A still further object is to provide a nozzle to spray bottles, or the like, in which the axis of the stream produced by the nozzle varies constantly.

Still further objects will become apparent upon considering the following specification, which when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, illustrates a preferred form of the invention.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is an enlarged plan view of a typical header showing two nozzles therein and illustrating the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a vertical cross-section taken on line 2-2 of FIG. 1, looking in the direction of the arrows;

FIG. 3 is a side elevational view of the assembled nozzle;

FIG. 4 is a transverse cross-section of the nozzle tip per se, taken on a line 44 of FIG. 5;

3,214,102 Patented Oct. 26, 1965 FIG. 5 is an exploded view partly in cross-section of the nozzle assembly; and

FIG. 6 is a plan view of the nozzle shown in FIG. 1, showing it expanded by the flow of liquid through it.

Referring to the drawings, the header 10 may be made any convenient shape and extend from one side of the washing machine to the other. The upper side of the header 10 is provided with a series of tapped holes 11, opposite each line of bottle pockets, which receive the threaded shank 14 of a nipple 12.

The nipple 12 is provided with a flow conduit 30 extending therethrough and a hexagonal head 13 formed integrally at the upper end of the threads 14 to enable the nipple to be screwed into the threaded aperture 11 in the header.

A cylindrical extension 15 is formed on the upper side of the head 13. The extension 15 on the top of the lgead 13 is formed with an annular recess 16 about the ase.

A rubber nozzle tip 18 is formed with cylindrical sides 19 terminating at the lower end and an annular inwardlyextending collar 20 fitting within the recess 16 to secure the nozzle tip 18 in place on the cylindrical extension 15. An annular metal ring 22 fits snugly over the exterior of the nozzle tip 18 when it is in position on the extension 15 to secure the nozzle tip 18 assembled with the nipple 12.

The top of the nozzle tip 18, likewise made of soft rubber and substantially conical in shape as shown at 24, has an upwardly extending rectangular piece 25 intersecting the conical top 24. The rectangular piece 25 is provided with a split portion 27 extending through the nozzle tip to form a discharge passage for the liquid being pumped. Nozzle 18 is also provided with an internal chamber 31 adjacent collar 20 as shown in FIG. 4.

A recess 29 is provided in the rectangular piece 25 to permit Water pressure to readily open the split portion 27 into a nozzle opening 27' and allow liquid to flow through the nozzle. As liquid flows through the opening 27 the liquid contacting the edges of the opening causes the opening to change shape. These changes cause slight variations in the axis of the stream and result in what may be termed a non-stable stream.

Operation In the operation of the nozzle when used as a fresh Water rinse or as a pre-rinse the fresh water may be used intermittently so that there is alternate pressure and withdrawal of pressure. When the pressure is reduced the opening 27 closes. During the inactive periods lime or magnesium salts have a tendency to deposit and dry on the exterior of the nozzle. However, when water is again ejected from the nozzle the rubber expands and, in expanding, breaks the crust of lime and the flow of Water is able to flush it away.

In the operation of the nozzle when used as a caustic spray, the caustic is circulated constantly from the caustic soaker tank through the nozzle into the bottle. As pressure builds up the water enters the recess 29 forcing open the slit 27. The stream emerging from the opening 27 varies the shape of the opening due to the flexible nonsymmetric nature of the opening, giving a non-stable stream the axis of which varies constantly.

This non-stable stream entering the inverted neck of the bottle impinges over substantially the entire interior of the bottle. Should any foreign matter, such as cigarette or cigar butts, cellophane, etc. be in the bottle, the caustic stream would free it from the glass and would tend to flush it out the depending neck. Should the foreign matter fail to pass out of the bottle by flushing the solution would tend to rise in the bottle, increasing the air pressure trapped in the body of the bottle to force the foreign matter out the neck of the bottle under the increased pressure.

Should the pump at any time pick up such solid matter as a cigarette butt or a cigarette filter, paper, cellophane, etc. which would normally form an obstruction in a metal nozzle, the rubber Will expand under the liquid pressure and permit the obstruction to pass through and continue flow of liquid through the nozzle.

Having thus described the invention it will be realized that the embodiment shown is to be taken merely as a preferred form thereof, and that various changes in size, shape and arrangement of parts may be resorted to Without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the subjoined claim.

I claim:

High pressure spray apparatus for a bottle washing machine comprising:

a header adapted to contain washing fluid under pressure and having a plurality of openings therein for discharging washing fluid therethrough;

a plurality of nipple members mounted in said openings, each of said nipple members having a flow conduit extending therethrough and an annular recess formed on the exterior thereof;

a nozzle member of flexible material mounted on each of said nipple members, each said nozzle member having a top portion with a substantially conical external surface which tapers to an upwardly extending rectangular piece having a slit opening therethrough and a recess therein to permit internal fluid pressure to readily open said slit opening to allow fluid to flow therethrough, said nozzle further having an internal chamber formed at the inlet end thereof and positioned adjacent the outlet ofsaid flow con.- duit in said nipple member so that fluid under pressure flowing through said flow conduit will pass from said conduit into said internal chamber and then through said recess and out through said slit opening so that the flow of liquid from said internal chamber and recess through said slit will constantly vary the shape of the slit opening to produce a non-stable stream of liquid therethrough for washing bottles; and

an annular ring member for each of said nozzle members adapted to fit snugly over said'nozzle members adjacent the annular recess thereon to secure said nozzles on said nipples.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,051,554 1/13 Champion 222-490 2,061,124 11/36 Walther 222-490 2,175,052 10/39 Bull 222-490 2,296,715 9/ 42 Komar 239-602 2,338,888 1/44 Wiegand 239-534 2,569,073 9/51 Robinson 222-490 2,667,992 2/54 Hammond et al. 222-490 2,753,091 7/56 Herzig 222-491 FOREIGN PATENTS 891,524 9/ 5 3 Germany. 680,750 7/5 1 Great Britain.

EVERETT W. KIRBY, Primary Examiner.

US3214102A 1963-09-23 1963-09-23 Self-cleaning nozzles Expired - Lifetime US3214102A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3214102A US3214102A (en) 1963-09-23 1963-09-23 Self-cleaning nozzles

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3214102A US3214102A (en) 1963-09-23 1963-09-23 Self-cleaning nozzles

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3214102A true US3214102A (en) 1965-10-26

Family

ID=23203812

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3214102A Expired - Lifetime US3214102A (en) 1963-09-23 1963-09-23 Self-cleaning nozzles

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3214102A (en)

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3288371A (en) * 1964-04-22 1966-11-29 Arthur E Broughton Spray shower assembly with self-cleaning nozzle
US3348744A (en) * 1966-05-20 1967-10-24 Coats & Clark Composite self-sealing cap
US3351292A (en) * 1966-01-26 1967-11-07 Sr Fred E Stuart Nozzle discharge cap
US3385525A (en) * 1967-03-16 1968-05-28 Arthur W. Jacobs Lawn sprinkler
US3429108A (en) * 1967-03-03 1969-02-25 Donaldson Co Inc Automatic-unloading dust valve for centrifugal air cleaners
US3508711A (en) * 1967-12-29 1970-04-28 Ryco Graphic Mfg Fluid dispensing system
US3613723A (en) * 1970-02-03 1971-10-19 Max E Witt Chlorine injection means
US3685735A (en) * 1970-11-02 1972-08-22 Hersey Prod Inc Irrigating apparatus
US3773233A (en) * 1970-12-28 1973-11-20 Phoenix Closures Inc Self-closing dispenser
US3782611A (en) * 1971-11-15 1974-01-01 Denver Plastics Inc Dispensing closure assembly for containers
US3953555A (en) * 1974-05-06 1976-04-27 Envirex Inc. Diffuser connector for aeration header
US4096997A (en) * 1975-11-13 1978-06-27 Cherne Industrial, Inc. Dual outlet check valve assembly
US4415121A (en) * 1981-06-12 1983-11-15 The Reseal Corporation Of America Valve for spraying a mist
US4589595A (en) * 1981-04-04 1986-05-20 Havens International, Inc. Pressure compensated emitter
US4801007A (en) * 1985-02-07 1989-01-31 John Wyeth & Brother, Limited Teat unit
US5022151A (en) * 1989-01-25 1991-06-11 Baumac International Method of making an aerosol nozzle assembly
US5154356A (en) * 1990-01-19 1992-10-13 Baumac International Aerosol nozzle assembly and method of making the same
US5172862A (en) * 1989-12-28 1992-12-22 Friedrich Grohe Aktiengesellschaft Shower head
US5433382A (en) * 1989-03-11 1995-07-18 Swf Auto-Electric Gmbh Windshield cleaning system
US5642860A (en) * 1995-07-07 1997-07-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Pump sprayer for viscous or solids laden liquids
WO1998030334A1 (en) 1997-01-06 1998-07-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Fan spray nozzles having elastomeric dome-shaped tips
US5868325A (en) * 1996-06-12 1999-02-09 Tassinari; David Pressure limiting water saver
US6213412B1 (en) * 1997-09-08 2001-04-10 Uni-Mist, Inc. Spray head assembly for lubricants, coolants and the like
US6371392B1 (en) * 2000-06-01 2002-04-16 Lee E. Steinman Nozzle construction
WO2004023865A1 (en) * 2002-09-13 2004-03-25 Quy Duc Bui Nozzle with flow rate and droplet size control capability
US6899292B2 (en) * 2001-07-24 2005-05-31 Visentin Usa Shower head with nozzles having self-cleaning tips
US6935581B2 (en) * 2001-07-24 2005-08-30 Visentin Usa Shower head with nozzles having self cleaning tips
US20090001196A1 (en) * 2005-12-13 2009-01-01 Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V. Nozzle for Droplet Jet System Used in Oral Care Appliances
US20100096481A1 (en) * 2008-04-25 2010-04-22 Les Hull Self-cleaning spray tip
US20110241332A1 (en) * 2008-12-12 2011-10-06 Buhler Ag Connection Piece
US8387899B2 (en) 2008-04-25 2013-03-05 Confluent Surgical, Inc. Silicone spray tip

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1051554A (en) * 1912-08-06 1913-01-28 Roady A Champion Beer-faucet.
US2061124A (en) * 1936-01-29 1936-11-17 George J Walther Collapsible tube closure
US2175052A (en) * 1938-09-02 1939-10-03 Us Rubber Co Dispenser cap and method of making same
US2296715A (en) * 1939-06-15 1942-09-22 Joseph F Komar Hydraulic descaling
US2338888A (en) * 1941-11-12 1944-01-11 Wright Aeronautical Corp Nozzle for liquid discharge
US2569073A (en) * 1949-06-20 1951-09-25 Allen D Robinson Paste applier with self-closing valve
GB680750A (en) * 1951-01-11 1952-10-08 Charles Ernest St John Evers Improvements in agricultural and like spraying equipment
DE891524C (en) * 1951-05-05 1953-09-28 Werner Gienapp Closure for tubes
US2667992A (en) * 1949-11-17 1954-02-02 Elmer V Peterson Toothpaste tube having a hollow head with a cap fitted thereon for controlling dispensing
US2753091A (en) * 1953-01-09 1956-07-03 Albert M Herzig Closure for collapsible tubes

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1051554A (en) * 1912-08-06 1913-01-28 Roady A Champion Beer-faucet.
US2061124A (en) * 1936-01-29 1936-11-17 George J Walther Collapsible tube closure
US2175052A (en) * 1938-09-02 1939-10-03 Us Rubber Co Dispenser cap and method of making same
US2296715A (en) * 1939-06-15 1942-09-22 Joseph F Komar Hydraulic descaling
US2338888A (en) * 1941-11-12 1944-01-11 Wright Aeronautical Corp Nozzle for liquid discharge
US2569073A (en) * 1949-06-20 1951-09-25 Allen D Robinson Paste applier with self-closing valve
US2667992A (en) * 1949-11-17 1954-02-02 Elmer V Peterson Toothpaste tube having a hollow head with a cap fitted thereon for controlling dispensing
GB680750A (en) * 1951-01-11 1952-10-08 Charles Ernest St John Evers Improvements in agricultural and like spraying equipment
DE891524C (en) * 1951-05-05 1953-09-28 Werner Gienapp Closure for tubes
US2753091A (en) * 1953-01-09 1956-07-03 Albert M Herzig Closure for collapsible tubes

Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3288371A (en) * 1964-04-22 1966-11-29 Arthur E Broughton Spray shower assembly with self-cleaning nozzle
US3351292A (en) * 1966-01-26 1967-11-07 Sr Fred E Stuart Nozzle discharge cap
US3348744A (en) * 1966-05-20 1967-10-24 Coats & Clark Composite self-sealing cap
US3429108A (en) * 1967-03-03 1969-02-25 Donaldson Co Inc Automatic-unloading dust valve for centrifugal air cleaners
US3385525A (en) * 1967-03-16 1968-05-28 Arthur W. Jacobs Lawn sprinkler
US3508711A (en) * 1967-12-29 1970-04-28 Ryco Graphic Mfg Fluid dispensing system
US3613723A (en) * 1970-02-03 1971-10-19 Max E Witt Chlorine injection means
US3685735A (en) * 1970-11-02 1972-08-22 Hersey Prod Inc Irrigating apparatus
US3773233A (en) * 1970-12-28 1973-11-20 Phoenix Closures Inc Self-closing dispenser
US3782611A (en) * 1971-11-15 1974-01-01 Denver Plastics Inc Dispensing closure assembly for containers
US3953555A (en) * 1974-05-06 1976-04-27 Envirex Inc. Diffuser connector for aeration header
US4096997A (en) * 1975-11-13 1978-06-27 Cherne Industrial, Inc. Dual outlet check valve assembly
US4589595A (en) * 1981-04-04 1986-05-20 Havens International, Inc. Pressure compensated emitter
US4415121A (en) * 1981-06-12 1983-11-15 The Reseal Corporation Of America Valve for spraying a mist
US4801007A (en) * 1985-02-07 1989-01-31 John Wyeth & Brother, Limited Teat unit
US5022151A (en) * 1989-01-25 1991-06-11 Baumac International Method of making an aerosol nozzle assembly
US5433382A (en) * 1989-03-11 1995-07-18 Swf Auto-Electric Gmbh Windshield cleaning system
US5172862A (en) * 1989-12-28 1992-12-22 Friedrich Grohe Aktiengesellschaft Shower head
US5154356A (en) * 1990-01-19 1992-10-13 Baumac International Aerosol nozzle assembly and method of making the same
US5642860A (en) * 1995-07-07 1997-07-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Pump sprayer for viscous or solids laden liquids
US5868325A (en) * 1996-06-12 1999-02-09 Tassinari; David Pressure limiting water saver
WO1998030334A1 (en) 1997-01-06 1998-07-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Fan spray nozzles having elastomeric dome-shaped tips
US5890655A (en) * 1997-01-06 1999-04-06 The Procter & Gamble Company Fan spray nozzles having elastomeric dome-shaped tips
US6213412B1 (en) * 1997-09-08 2001-04-10 Uni-Mist, Inc. Spray head assembly for lubricants, coolants and the like
US6371392B1 (en) * 2000-06-01 2002-04-16 Lee E. Steinman Nozzle construction
US6935581B2 (en) * 2001-07-24 2005-08-30 Visentin Usa Shower head with nozzles having self cleaning tips
US6899292B2 (en) * 2001-07-24 2005-05-31 Visentin Usa Shower head with nozzles having self-cleaning tips
US20040069875A1 (en) * 2002-09-13 2004-04-15 Bui Quy Duc Nozzle with flow rate and droplet size control capability
WO2004023865A1 (en) * 2002-09-13 2004-03-25 Quy Duc Bui Nozzle with flow rate and droplet size control capability
US7124964B2 (en) 2002-09-13 2006-10-24 Quy Duc Bui Nozzle with flow rate and droplet size control capability
US20090001196A1 (en) * 2005-12-13 2009-01-01 Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V. Nozzle for Droplet Jet System Used in Oral Care Appliances
US20100096481A1 (en) * 2008-04-25 2010-04-22 Les Hull Self-cleaning spray tip
US8387899B2 (en) 2008-04-25 2013-03-05 Confluent Surgical, Inc. Silicone spray tip
US8408480B2 (en) * 2008-04-25 2013-04-02 Confluent Surgical, Inc. Self-cleaning spray tip
US8876021B2 (en) 2008-04-25 2014-11-04 Confluent Surgical, Inc. Silicone spray tip
US20110241332A1 (en) * 2008-12-12 2011-10-06 Buhler Ag Connection Piece
US9271513B2 (en) * 2008-12-12 2016-03-01 Bühler AG Connection piece

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3164153A (en) Dental apparatus
US2227465A (en) Means for eliminating divided material in industrial processes
US3955574A (en) Pumping system for catheter suction units
US4361282A (en) Pulsating nozzle
US6463943B1 (en) Swimming pool filter cleaning device
US4388997A (en) Vent for paint cups
US2322417A (en) Vegetable washing machine
US4066472A (en) Scraper nozzle for warewashing machine
US2735794A (en) fletcher
US5050626A (en) Apparatus for cleaning paint rollers
US5419348A (en) Nozzle spray assembly
US1730348A (en) Washing machine
US3744723A (en) Pipe cleaning nozzle
US4505284A (en) Apparatus for solvent cleaning machinery parts and the like and for cleaning used solvent
US1453161A (en) Spray nozzle
US2333767A (en) Hose nozzle
US7314188B2 (en) Warewash machine arm and nozzle construction with set spray pattern
US4594749A (en) Vacuum cleaner with air jet assist
US616696A (en) Hose-cleaner
US1690472A (en) Cleaning means
US2294668A (en) Fountain glass washer
US4488329A (en) Power spray nozzle with fluidic oscillator
EP0300819A2 (en) Dispenser
US1532809A (en) Dishwasher nozzle
US3073529A (en) Spray nozzle

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: FIGGIE INTERNATIONAL INC.

Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:A-T-O INC.;REEL/FRAME:003866/0442

Effective date: 19810623